Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Applied Mechanics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,196 Full-Text Articles 1,520 Authors 4,649,888 Downloads 67 Institutions

All Articles in Applied Mechanics

Faceted Search

3,196 full-text articles. Page 6 of 29.

Computational Studies On Biomechanics Of Concussion And On Efficacy Of Football Helmets, David Labyak 2017 Michigan Technological University

Computational Studies On Biomechanics Of Concussion And On Efficacy Of Football Helmets, David Labyak

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Football helmets have been used for many years to prevent head injuries to players. Over the years, the helmet design has evolved from a crude leather head covering to the more recent form fitting helmets that are seen today. The one design feature that has been common in the majority of all helmets is a hard polycarbonate shell with a foam cushion padding. The main goal of the padding layer was to reduce the amount of linear acceleration during an impact event. The one feature that has been overlooked is how stiff the padding is in rotation.

The purpose of ...


Variational Principles In Classical Mechanics, Douglas Cline 2017 Oral Roberts University

Variational Principles In Classical Mechanics, Douglas Cline

Library Books

Two dramatically different philosophical approaches to classical mechanics were developed during the 17th - 18th centuries. Newton developed his vectorial formulation that uses time-dependent differential equations of motion to relate vector observables like force and rate of change of momentum. Euler, Lagrange, Hamilton, and Jacobi, developed powerful alternative variational formulations based on the assumption that nature follows the principle of least action. These powerful variational formulations have become the preeminent philosophical approach used in modern science, as well as having applications to other fields such as economics and engineering.

This book introduces variational principles, and illustrates the intellectual beauty, the remarkable ...


Directional Rope Capture Device, Seaver Philipp 2017 Central Washington University

Directional Rope Capture Device, Seaver Philipp

All Undergraduate Projects

The current market for rope capture devices shows a trend of using toothed devices as the method of creating a rope capture system. These systems are effective for a variety of applications but in any scenario in which a high load is encountered there is a large amount of damage done by the teeth to the rope. The objective of this project was to create a rope capture device that did not utilize teeth in order to create a safer loading condition on the rope. The method used for this project was application of equiangular spirals, this is the same ...


Pin Router Duplicator, Daniel Phan 2017 Central Washington University

Pin Router Duplicator, Daniel Phan

All Undergraduate Projects

The purpose of this project is to develop a pin router duplicator to accurately produce guitar bodies, necks, and fret boards. The pin router duplicator is designed to speed up the production process for the class Lean Manufacturing (MET 345), offered at Central Washington University. In the class, students learn how to work as a team to improve the way a woodshop is ran. In Lean Manufacturing, guitar bodies, necks, and fret boards are produced by using a CNC router. For this project, the motivation is to increase production by reducing production time. Accuracy and repeatability is also taken into ...


High Accessibility Cabinet Insert, Matthew Leal 2017 Central Washington University

High Accessibility Cabinet Insert, Matthew Leal

All Undergraduate Projects

Watching grandparents and parents get older, the struggle of day-to-day activities generally increases. One of the most recurring issues the older generation experiences nearly daily is their inability to reach dishes, glassware, and other things on the topmost shelves of a kitchen. Not only is it difficult for them to use things such as stepstools, it also becomes increasingly dangerous. With age, a fall from any height could be catastrophic. With this scenario in mind, a user-friendly cabinet insert would be a very effective way to combat this issue. However, many existing models of cabinet designed to fit these requirements ...


Composite Cold Expansion Tooling, Andrew Amos 2017 Central Washington University

Composite Cold Expansion Tooling, Andrew Amos

All Undergraduate Projects

In the world of aircraft manufacturing, cold expansion products literally hold these aircraft together. The problem faced today is that the Little Brute Hydraulic Puller designed and built by Fatigue Technology Inc. is a handheld steel hydraulic cylinder that is heavy and expensive to produce. In a market that demands continuous improvement, there is a constant push to make the product cheaper, better and lighter. In order to accomplish this demand a composite tube will be substituted in the design as the primary pressure cylinder instead of the traditional steel pressure cylinder in order to create a lighter and cheaper ...


Finite Strain Micromorphic Elasticity, Elastoplasticity, And Dynamics For Multiscale Finite Element Analysis, Farhad Shahabi 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Finite Strain Micromorphic Elasticity, Elastoplasticity, And Dynamics For Multiscale Finite Element Analysis, Farhad Shahabi

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study stands as an attempt to consider the micro-structure of materials in a continuum framework by the aid of micromorphic continuum theory in the sense of Eringen. Since classical continuum mechanics do not account for the micro-structural characteristics of materials, they cannot be used to address the macroscopic mechanical response of all micro-structured materials. In the "representative volume element (RVE)" based methods, classical continuum mechanics may be applied to analyze mechanical deformation and stresses of materials at the relevant micro-structural length-scale (such as grains of a polycrystalline metal, or sand, or metal matrix composite, etc), but when applying standard ...


Hierarchical Multiscale Modeling To Inform Continuum Constitutive Models Of Soils, Erik Wallace Jensen 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Hierarchical Multiscale Modeling To Inform Continuum Constitutive Models Of Soils, Erik Wallace Jensen

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The behavior of soils is fundamentally the combined interactions between billions and billions of individual particles and particle matrices. For computational tractability and despite this fact, many soil models assume the material is a continuum essentially averaging the inter-particle interactions to predict the behavior of the bulk material. In recent years, multiscale modeling techniques have been developed to reintroduce the effect of the grain-scale interactions to help model situations where the continuum assumption fails, such as shear band development in triaxial tests or soil disaggregation under blast loading. One of such multiscale models called hierarchical upscaling, or global-local analysis, model ...


Anisotropy Evolution Due To Surface Treatment On 3d-Printed Fused Deposition Modeling (Fdm) Of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (Abs), Blake E. Lozinski 2017 University of Central Florida

Anisotropy Evolution Due To Surface Treatment On 3d-Printed Fused Deposition Modeling (Fdm) Of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (Abs), Blake E. Lozinski

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Purpose: This paper will present insight to the methodology and results of the experimental characterization of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) using Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM). The work in this research explored the effects of print orientation, surface treatment, and ultraviolet (UV) light degradation with the utilization of Digital Image Correlation (DIC) on ABS tensile specimens.

Design/methodology: ABS specimens were printed at three build orientations (flat (0 degrees), 45 degrees, and up-right (90 degrees)). Each of these specimens were treated with three different surface treatments including a control (acrylic paint, Cyanoacrylate, and Diglycidyl Bisphenol A) followed by exposure to UV ...


Turbulent Transition Simulation And Particulate Capture Modeling With An Incompressible Lattice Boltzmann Method, John R. Murdock 2017 Michigan Technological University

Turbulent Transition Simulation And Particulate Capture Modeling With An Incompressible Lattice Boltzmann Method, John R. Murdock

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Derivation of an unambiguous incompressible form of the lattice Boltzmann equation is pursued in this dissertation. Further, parallelized implementation in developing application areas is researched. In order to achieve a unique incompressible form which clarifies the algorithm implementation, appropriate ansatzes are utilized. Through the Chapman-Enskog expansion, the exact incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are recovered. In initial studies, fundamental 2D and 3D canonical simulations are used to evaluate the validity and application, and test the required boundary condition modifications. Several unique advantages over the standard equation and alternative forms found in literature are found, including faster convergence, greater stability, and higher fidelity ...


Fea Analysis And Optimization Of Differential Housing For Fatigue Stresses And Fatigue Test Design To Study Skin Effect In Ductile Iron, Swapnil A. Pandey 2017 Michigan Technological University

Fea Analysis And Optimization Of Differential Housing For Fatigue Stresses And Fatigue Test Design To Study Skin Effect In Ductile Iron, Swapnil A. Pandey

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Automotive emission standards are getting more stringent day by day and governments worldwide are moving to reduce emissions from automobiles. In this scenario reducing the weight of automobile components becomes an important design objective to reduce emissions. A 10% reduction of weight in the complete automobile leads to 6-8 percent improvement in mileage (Mhapankar 2015). Also, powertrain components make up for approximately 27% of the total automobile weight and thus optimizing the design of components in the powertrain is an important task (Mhapankar 2015). Statistics show that 26% of component failures in automobiles are part of powertrain and 21% of ...


Frontal Crash Analysis Of A Conformable Cng Tank Using Finite Element Analysis, Datta Sandesh Manjunath 2017 Michigan Technological University

Frontal Crash Analysis Of A Conformable Cng Tank Using Finite Element Analysis, Datta Sandesh Manjunath

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The purpose of this study is to computationally model and analyze a Conformable Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) fuel tank for frontal crashes using Finite Element Analysis. Researchers have developed a CNG fuel tank, which is conformable, non-conventional and non-cylindrical. This tank increases cost efficiency, volumetric efficiency and cargo efficiency in CNG vehicle applications. A lightweight pickup truck (2015 Chevrolet Silverado) has been used to integrate the CNG tanks and field-testing has been conducted to demonstrate the application.

The report mainly focuses on the effective finite element modeling of the chassis, brackets and tanks using HYPERMESH and RADIOSS. The frontal crash ...


Simulation Of Horse-Fence Contact And Interaction Affecting Rotational Falls In The Sport Of Eventing, Gregorio Robles Vega 2017 University of Kentucky

Simulation Of Horse-Fence Contact And Interaction Affecting Rotational Falls In The Sport Of Eventing, Gregorio Robles Vega

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Rotational falls, or somersault falls, have led to serious and fatal injuries during the cross-country phase of Eventing competitions. Research to improve the safety of the sport began in 2000 after five fatal injuries occurred in the 1999 Eventing season. These efforts led to safety devices such as air jackets, improved helmets, and frangible/deformable fences. The focus of this thesis is to develop a more complete understanding of the horse-fence interaction as the approach motion transitions to a rotational fall. To achieve this, a large distribution of inertial properties was compiled through the development of a cylinder-based inertia approximation ...


Development Of An Excel® Rocket Simuator For Application In Middle School, High School, And University Stem Education, Melvin Lee Hortman 2017 Central Washington University

Development Of An Excel® Rocket Simuator For Application In Middle School, High School, And University Stem Education, Melvin Lee Hortman

All Master's Theses

Water rocket activities are one of the most popular STEM activities used in primary, secondary, and higher education yet are void of engineering, though engineering is heavily implied in the STEM acronym. This study investigated the amount of engineering present in water rocket activities, and options for emphasizing engineering more in water rocket activities using an open-platform flight simulator for use by educators to enable students to predict flight parameters of a water rocket they designed, and test those predictions against experimental data. The simulator was constructed in Excel® with many functions, but the function validated in this study was ...


The Limits & Effects Of Draw On Properties And Morphology Of Pan-Based Precursor And The Resultant Carbon Fibers, Sarah Edrington 2017 University of Kentucky

The Limits & Effects Of Draw On Properties And Morphology Of Pan-Based Precursor And The Resultant Carbon Fibers, Sarah Edrington

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

The process, structure, and property relationship of PAN fiber as a precursor to carbon fiber was studied. The limitations of stable spinning and property improvement associated with hot draw in solution spinning were found and quantified. Conditions were varied to generated precursor fiber up to the limit of draw, from which actual samples were collected for thermal conversion to carbon fiber. Samples of PAN and subsequent carbon fiber were characterized using tensile testing and x-ray analysis. The effects of draw on modulus and break stress, as well as the orientation of the crystalline structure of both parent precursor and resultant ...


Shape Memory Behavior Of Dense And Porous Niti Alloys Fabricated By Selective Laser Melting, Soheil Saedi 2017 University of Kentucky

Shape Memory Behavior Of Dense And Porous Niti Alloys Fabricated By Selective Laser Melting, Soheil Saedi

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Selective Laser Melting (SLM) of Additive Manufacturing is an attractive fabrication method that employs CAD data to selectively melt the metal powder layer by layer via a laser beam and produce a 3D part. This method not only opens a new window in overcoming traditional NiTi fabrication problems but also for producing porous or complex shaped structures. The combination of SLM fabrication advantages with the unique properties of NiTi alloys, such as shape memory effect, superelasticity, high ductility, work output, corrosion, biocompatibility, etc. makes SLM NiTi alloys extremely promising for numerous applications.

The SLM process parameters such as laser power ...


Dimensionality Detection And The Geometric Median On Data Manifolds, Lukas Ruediger Nelson Goetz-Weiss 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Dimensionality Detection And The Geometric Median On Data Manifolds, Lukas Ruediger Nelson Goetz-Weiss

Applied Mathematics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In many applications high-dimensional observations are assumed to arrange on or near a low-dimensional manifold embedded in an ambient Euclidean space. In this thesis, ideas from differential geometry are extended to equation-free data analysis to better understand high-dimensional datasets. In particular, two questions are addressed: (1) how can the intrinsic dimensionality of a manifold-valued dataset be determined? and (2) how can this intrinsic dimensionality be leveraged to obtain a better notion of centrality? For (1), two common methods for estimating global dimensionality are stated and a novel approach is proposed to obtain an estimator for local dimensionality. Then, for (2 ...


Algebraic Multigrid(Amg) For Graph Laplacian Linear Systems: Extensions Of Amg For Signed, Undirected And Unsigned, Directed Graphs, Alyson Lindsey Fox 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Algebraic Multigrid(Amg) For Graph Laplacian Linear Systems: Extensions Of Amg For Signed, Undirected And Unsigned, Directed Graphs, Alyson Lindsey Fox

Applied Mathematics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Relational datasets are often modeled as an unsigned, undirected graph due the nice properties of the resulting graph Laplacian, but information is lost if certain attributes of the graph are not represented. This thesis presents two generalizations of Algebraic Multigrid (AMG) solvers with graph Laplacian systems for different graph types: applying Gremban’s expansion to extend unsigned graph Laplacian solvers to signed graph Laplacian systems and generalizing techniques in Lean Algebraic Multigrid (LAMG) to a new multigrid solver for unsigned, directed graph Laplacian systems.

Signed graphs extend the traditional notion of connections and disconnections to in- clude both favorable and ...


Computer Vision And Machine Learning For Robust Phenotyping In Genome-Wide Studies, Jiaoping Zhang, Hsiang Sing Naik, Teshale Assefa, Soumik Sarkar, R. V. Chowda Reddy, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh K. Singh 2017 Iowa State University

Computer Vision And Machine Learning For Robust Phenotyping In Genome-Wide Studies, Jiaoping Zhang, Hsiang Sing Naik, Teshale Assefa, Soumik Sarkar, R. V. Chowda Reddy, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh K. Singh

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Traditional evaluation of crop biotic and abiotic stresses are time-consuming and labor-intensive limiting the ability to dissect the genetic basis of quantitative traits. A machine learning (ML)-enabled image-phenotyping pipeline for the genetic studies of abiotic stress iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC) of soybean is reported. IDC classification and severity for an association panel of 461 diverse plant-introduction accessions was evaluated using an end-to-end phenotyping workflow. The workflow consisted of a multi-stage procedure including: (1) optimized protocols for consistent image capture across plant canopies, (2) canopy identification and registration from cluttered backgrounds, (3) extraction of domain expert informed features from the ...


The Effect Of Corrosion Defects On The Failure Of Oil And Gas Transmission Pipelines: A Finite Element Modeling Study, Jennet Orasheva 2017 University of North Florida

The Effect Of Corrosion Defects On The Failure Of Oil And Gas Transmission Pipelines: A Finite Element Modeling Study, Jennet Orasheva

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The transportation of oil and gas and their products through the pipelines is a safe and economically efficient way, when compared with other methods of transportation, such as tankers, railroad, trucks, etc. Although pipelines are usually well-designed, during construction and later in service, pipelines are subjected to a variety of risks. Eventually, some sections may experience corrosion which can affect the integrity of pipeline, which poses a risk in high-pressure operations. Specifically, in pipelines with long history of operation, the size and location of the corrosion defects need to be determined so that pressure levels can be kept at safe ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress