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Experimental Study On Viscosity And Phase Segregation Of Al–Si Powders In Microsemisolid Powder Forming, Yufeng Wu, Iver E. Anderson, Thomas A. Lograsso, Gap-Yong Kim 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Study On Viscosity And Phase Segregation Of Al–Si Powders In Microsemisolid Powder Forming, Yufeng Wu, Iver E. Anderson, Thomas A. Lograsso, Gap-Yong Kim

Thomas A. Lograsso

Semisolid powder forming is a promising approach for near-net shape forming of features in macro-/microscale. In this paper, viscosity and phase segregation behavior of Al–Si powders in the semisolid state were studied with back extrusion experiments. The effects of process parameters including shear rate, extrusion ratio, heating time, and precompaction pressure were analyzed using the design of experiments method. The results showed that the effects of shear rate, extrusion, ratio and heating time were statistically significant factors influencing the viscosity. The semisolid state powders showed a shear thinning behavior. Moreover, microstructure analysis of extruded parts indicated severe phase ...


Improved Method Of Co2 Laser Cutting Of Aluminum Nitride, Raathai Molian, Pranav Shrotriya, Pal Molian 2017 Iowa State University

Improved Method Of Co2 Laser Cutting Of Aluminum Nitride, Raathai Molian, Pranav Shrotriya, Pal Molian

Pranav Shrotriya

The traditional “evaporation∕melt and blow” mechanism of CO2 laser cutting of aluminum nitride (AlN) chip carriers and heat sinks suffers from energy losses due to its high thermal conductivity, formation of dross, decomposition to aluminum, and uncontrolled thermal cracking. In order to overcome these limitations, a thermochemical method that uses a defocused laser beam to melt a thin layer of AlN surface in oxygen environment was utilized. Subsequent solidification of the melt layer generated shrinkage and thermal gradient stresses that, in turn, created a crack along the middle path of laser beam and caused material separation through unstable crack ...


Polar Coordinate Farm Bot Final Project Report, John Brown, Kasenia Colombo, Lucas Salem, Ning Jeng, Rory Stothers, Sam Lees 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Polar Coordinate Farm Bot Final Project Report, John Brown, Kasenia Colombo, Lucas Salem, Ning Jeng, Rory Stothers, Sam Lees

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

FarmBot Inc. is a local startup that is advancing precision agriculture through automation and open source technology. The original FarmBot model, FarmBot Genesis, operates over a rectangular area of 3 x 1.5 meters. It plants, waters, weeds and grows produce autonomously using CNC technology. Our project sponsor and inventor of FarmBot, Rory Aronson, tasked our team with developing and testing a polar coordinate farmbot capable of performing on par with the Cartesian farmbot in growing a circular vegetable garden in a user’s backyard. A successful project was defined by meeting specific customer requirements and engineering specifications predetermined and ...


Inyo National Forest Sign Maker, Brandon Mainini, Lauren Kirk, Alec Boyer 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Inyo National Forest Sign Maker, Brandon Mainini, Lauren Kirk, Alec Boyer

Mechanical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Yeager Multi-Function Tool Ql+, Osiel Flores-Hernandez, Carter Wilson, David Wright, Mitchell Jackson 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Yeager Multi-Function Tool Ql+, Osiel Flores-Hernandez, Carter Wilson, David Wright, Mitchell Jackson

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Composition And Build Direction On Additively Manufactured Hastelloy X Alloys, Justin A. Spitzer, Jeffrey T. Schloetter, Sarah Zerga 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effect Of Composition And Build Direction On Additively Manufactured Hastelloy X Alloys, Justin A. Spitzer, Jeffrey T. Schloetter, Sarah Zerga

Materials Engineering

Microcracking has caused premature failure and reduction in properties in additively manufactured (AM) Hastelloy X. The purpose of this research is to meet or exceed the mechanical properties of wrought Hastelloy X by modifying the composition and build direction of Hastelloy X manufactured using Direct Metal Deposition (DMD). Tensile testing, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and metallography were performed on the samples. ANOVA was used to analyze the dependence that the properties had on build direction and composition. The nominal composition wrought samples had a yield strength of 310.1 MPa and a 60.79% Elongation. Alloy P60-X18 in a horizontal ...


Feasibility Of Using 3d Printed Molds For Thermoforming Thermoplastic Composites, Sunil Bhandari 2017 University of Maine

Feasibility Of Using 3d Printed Molds For Thermoforming Thermoplastic Composites, Sunil Bhandari

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents a novel combined experimental and numerical mechanics approach for characterizing 3D printed thermoplastic materials by the fused deposition modeling process for thermoforming thermoplastic composites. The implications of this work are:

  1. a methodology for model-based performance evaluation of 3D printed structural parts, and
  2. an improved design of 3D printed molds for composites manufacturing, which has potential for material innovations and scaled-up applications in additive manufacturing.

The thesis formulates basic criteria for selection of thermoplastic polymer used for the 3D printed mold based on forming temperatures. The thesis creates a lattice and shell finite element model of the 3D ...


The Development Of A Vacuum Forming System For Kydex® And Other Thermoplastic Sheet, Andrew G. Smith 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Development Of A Vacuum Forming System For Kydex® And Other Thermoplastic Sheet, Andrew G. Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Vacuum forming is a popular, cost effective method amongst large and small scale applications. The method is used to mold a material to the surface of a mold/pattern in order to create a negative copy for reproduction or an object in positive form. The prototype vacuum forming system developed and documented herein is of a membrane-seal type that consists of three (3) principle parts: radial platen, Hinged Frame and Platen Support Assembly, and a PVC surge tank. Each part is described in detail through design, manufacturing, and testing processes. The design supports functional versatility, small scale molding, and uses ...


Advanced Catalyst Systems Senior Design Project, Megan Peck 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Advanced Catalyst Systems Senior Design Project, Megan Peck

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Lab Toner Vacuum Cleaner Caddy, Treavor C. Johnson Mr., Robert K. Davis Mr., Spencer K. Sanders Mr., Erin M. Miller Ms. 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lab Toner Vacuum Cleaner Caddy, Treavor C. Johnson Mr., Robert K. Davis Mr., Spencer K. Sanders Mr., Erin M. Miller Ms.

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Intersection Of Manufacturing Technologies And School Music Programs, Leslie Prunier 2017 University of Connecticut

The Intersection Of Manufacturing Technologies And School Music Programs, Leslie Prunier

University Scholar Projects

The objective of this project is to design and manufacture a musical instrument, a marching baritone horn, out of plastic. It is constructed out of both PVC pipe and 3D-printed components. Utilizing this project’s documentation, a high school student could use a 3D printer and other basic tools to make their own musical instrument for a fraction of the cost of purchasing one. This documentation will produce a horn tuned in the key of B flat with one functioning valve, and suggestions for future work to make the other two valves functional as well.


Analysis Of Tool Wear And Tool Life Of Cutting Tool Inserts Using Statistical Process Control Charts: A Case Study, Evan R. Ferrell 2017 Morehead State University

Analysis Of Tool Wear And Tool Life Of Cutting Tool Inserts Using Statistical Process Control Charts: A Case Study, Evan R. Ferrell

Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Business and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science by Evan R. Ferrell on April 28, 2017.


Lean Process Improvement And Quality Analysis For Performance Rework, Paula R. Sloas 2017 Morehead State University

Lean Process Improvement And Quality Analysis For Performance Rework, Paula R. Sloas

Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Business and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science by Paula R. Sloas on April 19, 2017


Creating The Foundation For A Startup: Design And Implementation Of A Database System For An Electrical Bicycle Rental Company, Alejandro Martinez 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Creating The Foundation For A Startup: Design And Implementation Of A Database System For An Electrical Bicycle Rental Company, Alejandro Martinez

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

BoltAbout was started by 4 Cal Poly students, and their COO is a fellow Industrial Engineering student that I met during the first half of the senior project series class. He presented the project to me and I decided to work with him in developing this new database for his startup company. BoltAbout’s customer base is growing and current operations are not fit to meet the demand of a growing company. More specifically, their data management system can’t be used by all current employees to perform essential tasks such as rental processing, bicycle and equipment organization, and customer ...


Industry Use Of Virtual Reality In Product Design And Manufacturing: A Survey, Leif P. Berg, Judy M. Vance 2017 Iowa State University

Industry Use Of Virtual Reality In Product Design And Manufacturing: A Survey, Leif P. Berg, Judy M. Vance

Mechanical Engineering Publications

In 1999, Fred Brooks, virtual reality pioneer and Professor of Computer Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, published a seminal paper describing the current state of virtual reality (VR) technologies and applications (Brooks in IEEE Comput Graph Appl 19(6):16, 1999). Through his extensive survey of industry, Brooks concluded that virtual reality had finally arrived and “barely works”. His report included a variety of industries which leveraged these technologies to support industry-level innovation. Virtual reality was being employed to empower decision making in design, evaluation, and training processes across multiple disciplines. Over the past two ...


Liquid Force Kite Control System Design, Brendan Kerr, Brodie Sutherland, Alden Simmer 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Liquid Force Kite Control System Design, Brendan Kerr, Brodie Sutherland, Alden Simmer

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Kiteboarding is an ocean sport wherein the participant, also known as a kiter, uses a large inflatable bow shaped kite to plane across the ocean on a surfboard or wakeboard. The rider is connected to his or her kite via a control bar system. This control system allows the kiter to steer the kite and add or remove power from the kite, in order to change direction and increase or decrease speed. This senior project focused on creating a new control bar system to replace a control bar system manufactured by a kiteboarding company, Liquid Force. The current Liquid Force ...


A Study Into The Production Efficiency Of Cal Poly Chocolates, Fernando Calderon 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Study Into The Production Efficiency Of Cal Poly Chocolates, Fernando Calderon

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

The project objective was to: identify ways to reduce the production cost of Cal Poly Chocolates. The project was executed through the DMAIC approach, a data driven improvement cycle. Using several industrial engineering tools, six improvement opportunities were found. Three project deliverables were created and three process changes were recommended. The total annual savings, if recommendations are implemented, sum to $1700.


Enabling Inkjet Printed Graphene For Ion Selective Electrodes With Postprint Thermal Annealing, Qing He, Suprem R. Das, Nathaniel T. Garland, Dapeng Jing, John A. Hondred, Allison A. Cargill, Shaowei Ding, Chandran Karunakaran, Jonathan C. Claussen 2017 Iowa State University

Enabling Inkjet Printed Graphene For Ion Selective Electrodes With Postprint Thermal Annealing, Qing He, Suprem R. Das, Nathaniel T. Garland, Dapeng Jing, John A. Hondred, Allison A. Cargill, Shaowei Ding, Chandran Karunakaran, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Inkjet printed graphene (IPG) has recently shown tremendous promise in reducing the cost and complexity of graphene circuit fabrication. Herein we demonstrate, for the first time, the fabrication of an ion selective electrode (ISE) with IPG. A thermal annealing process in a nitrogen ambient environment converts the IPG into a highly conductive electrode (sheet resistance changes from 52.8 ± 7.4 MΩ/□ for unannealed graphene to 172.7 ± 33.3 Ω/□ for graphene annealed at 950 °C). Raman spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) analysis reveals that the printed graphene flakes begin to smooth at an annealing temperature ...


Advances In Composite Manufacturing Of Helicopter Parts, Tobias A. Weber, Hans-Joachim K. Ruff-Stahl 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Advances In Composite Manufacturing Of Helicopter Parts, Tobias A. Weber, Hans-Joachim K. Ruff-Stahl

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

This study investigates and compares different methods for improving standard autoclave composite manufacturing in order to find suitable approaches to a more efficient composite production. The goal is not only a reduction in manufacturing times and costs but also quality enhancement. Improved part quality while decreasing costs enables a manufacturer of composite parts to expand its market share, especially in the helicopter market, which has been constantly shrinking over the last two years. Various approaches such as improved tooling technology, the use of automated systems for lamination as well as outsourcing are examined to provide an overview of possible advancements ...


Quality Improvement In Drilling Silicon By Using Micro Laser Assisted Drilling, Barkin Bakir 2017 Western Michigan University

Quality Improvement In Drilling Silicon By Using Micro Laser Assisted Drilling, Barkin Bakir

The Hilltop Review

The micro-laser assisted drilling (µ-LAD) of monocrystalline silicon (100), using a diamond cutting tool coupled with a laser, was tested in order to improve the cutting edge quality of a drilled samples. The laser beam is transmitted through an optically transparent diamond drill bit and focused precisely at the tool-workpiece interface, where the material is under high pressure induced by the diamond tool. The influence of the laser power on the quality and the inner surface finish of the drilled materials is investigated. Different laser powers were used to carry out the experiments. The experimental results indicated that the µ-LAD ...


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