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Quantifying Organic Solar Cell Morphology: A Computational Study Of Three-Dimensional Maps, Olga Wodo, John D. Roehling, Adam J. Moulé, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian 2017 State University of New York at Buffalo

Quantifying Organic Solar Cell Morphology: A Computational Study Of Three-Dimensional Maps, Olga Wodo, John D. Roehling, Adam J. Moulé, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Establishing how fabrication conditions quantitatively affect the morphology of organic blends opens the possibility of rationally designing higher efficiency materials; yet such a relationship remains elusive. One of the major challenges stems from incomplete three-dimensional representations of morphology, which is due to the difficulties of performing accurate morphological measurements. Recently, three-dimensional measurements of mixed organic layers using electron tomography with high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) provided maps of morphology with high resolution and detail. Using a simple, yet powerful, computational tool kit, these complex 3D datasets are converted into a set of physically meaningful morphology descriptors. These ...


Safer Sweep Auger Operation Using Robotics, Nathan A. Wulf 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Safer Sweep Auger Operation Using Robotics, Nathan A. Wulf

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

This thesis presents a remotely controlled robotic solution for those who must sometimes enter agriculturally confined spaces in attempts to assist with grain bin cleanout, particularly by manipulating the sweep auger. In 2015 alone, there were at least 47 documented incidents that occurred in agriculturally confined spaces, of which more than half were fatal. While there have been several advancements in the quality and effectiveness of sweep augers, there have been very few that offer the safety and adaptability of the robotic solution proposed. This robotic solution is a four-wheeled, skid-steering style robot with camera and lighting attachments that allow ...


Formation Of Mound-Like Multiscale Surface Structures On Titanium By Femtosecond Laser Processing, Edwin Peng, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig A. Zuhlke, Ryan Bell, Meiyu Wang, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Jeffrey E. Shield 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Formation Of Mound-Like Multiscale Surface Structures On Titanium By Femtosecond Laser Processing, Edwin Peng, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig A. Zuhlke, Ryan Bell, Meiyu Wang, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Jeffrey E. Shield

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Surface Functionalization Technique • Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing (FLSP) • Utilize high power, femtosecond (10-15 s) laser pulses • Produce self-organized, multiscale surface micro/nanostructures • Diverse range of applicable substrates: semiconductors, metals, polymers, & composites

Why? • What are the different types of FLSP structures on Ti? • Physical evidence needed for FLSP formation models • Optimize FLSP of Ti for biomedical & other applications

How? • Obtain evidence of mound growth processes by examining underlying microstructure • Utilize dual beam Scanning Electron Microscope-Focused Ion Beam instrument to cross section surface structures & fabricate transmission electron microscopy samples


The Hidden Challenges Of Team Tutor Development, Desmond Bonner, Anna Slavina, Anastacia MacAllister, Joseph Holub, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

The Hidden Challenges Of Team Tutor Development, Desmond Bonner, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer

Michael C. Dorneich

This paper describes the unexpected challenges of team tutor development such as the task and logistics. Previously, a research team from Iowa State University (ISU) working with the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) developed the reconnaissance (Recon) task for simple team tutoring with the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) (Bonner et al., 2015; Gilbert et al., 2015). Considerations were included for the testing environment such as audio-based team interactions, initialization of the scenario simultaneously, and the inclusion of eyetracking and screen capture technology. Throughout the process of tutor development, several computational challenges have been encountered such as the ...


Bridge Damage Detection Using Spatiotemporal Patterns Extracted From Dense Sensor Network, Chao Liu, Yongqiang Gong, Simon Laflamme, Brent M. Phares, Soumik Sarkar 2017 Iowa State University

Bridge Damage Detection Using Spatiotemporal Patterns Extracted From Dense Sensor Network, Chao Liu, Yongqiang Gong, Simon Laflamme, Brent M. Phares, Soumik Sarkar

Simon Laflamme

The alarmingly degrading state of transportation infrastructures combined with their key societal and economic importance calls for automatic condition assessment methods to facilitate smart management of maintenance and repairs. With the advent of ubiquitous sensing and communication capabilities, scalable data-driven approaches is of great interest, as it can utilize large volume of streaming data without requiring detailed physical models that can be inaccurate and computationally expensive to run. Properly designed, a data-driven methodology could enable fast and automatic evaluation of infrastructures, discovery of causal dependencies among various sub-system dynamic responses, and decision making with uncertainties and lack of labeled data ...


The Hidden Challenges Of Team Tutor Development, Desmond Bonner, Anna Slavina, Anastacia MacAllister, Joseph Holub, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

The Hidden Challenges Of Team Tutor Development, Desmond Bonner, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer

Stephen B. Gilbert

This paper describes the unexpected challenges of team tutor development such as the task and logistics. Previously, a research team from Iowa State University (ISU) working with the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) developed the reconnaissance (Recon) task for simple team tutoring with the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) (Bonner et al., 2015; Gilbert et al., 2015). Considerations were included for the testing environment such as audio-based team interactions, initialization of the scenario simultaneously, and the inclusion of eyetracking and screen capture technology. Throughout the process of tutor development, several computational challenges have been encountered such as the ...


Water Jet Cutting Head Actuator, Jacob D. Augustynovich 2017 The University of Akron

Water Jet Cutting Head Actuator, Jacob D. Augustynovich

Honors Research Projects

In an effort to increase efficiency and productivity, WARDJet was seeking a better actuation method for the cutting head on their waterjets. Current actuation methods were, for the most part, purely mechanical, relying on compressed air, springs, and water pressure to open and close the valve to 60,000 psi of water. Increasing the speed of the on/off cycle times of the waterjet would allow for faster movements of the cutting head from one cut to the next, increasing the overall amount of products cut in a day, week, and year. This obviously points to increased sales, increased profit ...


Target Read Operation Of Passive Ultra High Frequency Rfid Tag In A Multiple Tags Environment, Zi Qin Phua 2017 University of Kentucky

Target Read Operation Of Passive Ultra High Frequency Rfid Tag In A Multiple Tags Environment, Zi Qin Phua

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Passive ultra-high frequency (UHF) radio frequency Identification (RFID) has emerged as a promising solution for many industrial applications. Passive UHF systems are relatively inexpensive to implement and monitor, as no line of sight is required for the communication. There are several advantages to using a passive RFID system. For example, no internal power source is required to activate the tags, and lower labor costs and efficient multitasking operations are expected in a long term scenario. However, due to factors such as tag-to-tag interference and inaccurate localization, RFID tags that are closely spaced together are difficult to detect and program accurately ...


A Study Of High Temperature Heat Pipes And The Impact Of Magnetic Field On The Flow Of Liquid Metal, Udit Sharma 2017 Michigan Technological University

A Study Of High Temperature Heat Pipes And The Impact Of Magnetic Field On The Flow Of Liquid Metal, Udit Sharma

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

A study of high temperature heat pipe was conducted to understand its characteristics. A review of working fluid, temperature, wick structure, problems, operational limit and applications was done. Alkali metal were concluded as the most viable candidate for the working fluid.

The impact of three parameters namely magnetic field, heat flux and temperature was analyzed on the performance of HTHP (High Temperature Heat Pipe). The presence of magnetic field had the most considerable impact on reducing the pumping limit of the heat pipe while the temperature had almost negligible effect. Magnetic field results in the pressure drop and adversely affect ...


The Design Of An Electro-Mechanical Bicycle For An Immersive Virtual Environment, Oliver Stroh 2017 University of Iowa

The Design Of An Electro-Mechanical Bicycle For An Immersive Virtual Environment, Oliver Stroh

University of Iowa Honors Theses

Roughly 50,000 people are injured in bicycle collisions with motor vehicles each year, approximately 6,000 of these injuries involve children less than 14 years old. To better understand which factors put bicycling children at risk for motor vehicle collisions, researchers at the University of Iowa built a virtual environment that simulates the experience of riding through a town and crossing roads with motor vehicles traffic. The stationary bicycle, the focus of this report, replicates the pedal forces experienced by a rider. The stationary bike also provides the simulator with the bicycle’s velocity and steering angle. This report ...


Fatigue Crack Monitoring Under High-Cycle Fatigue Loading Using Large-Area Soft Elastomeric Capacitive Sensor, Jian Li, Xiangxiong Kong, William Collins, Caroline Bennett, Simon Laflamme 2016 University of Kansas

Fatigue Crack Monitoring Under High-Cycle Fatigue Loading Using Large-Area Soft Elastomeric Capacitive Sensor, Jian Li, Xiangxiong Kong, William Collins, Caroline Bennett, Simon Laflamme

Simon Laflamme

Fatigue cracks under high-cycle fatigue loading due to normal traffic are one of the major damage modes of steel bridges. Monitoring these cracks is of great importance especially for fracture-critical bridges in order to ensure safe operation by preventing catastrophic failure due to excessive damage. A newly developed soft elastomeric capacitive (SEC) sensor [1] is able to monitor strain changes over a large area of structural surface and resist large deformation due to cracking without being damaged. To examine the feasibility of monitoring fatigue cracks under high-cycle fatigue loading using the SEC sensor, a compact tension specimen is tested under ...


Experimental Methods And Practices For The Study Of Toroidal Inflated, Braided Fabric Members, Daniel J. Whitney 2016 University of Maine

Experimental Methods And Practices For The Study Of Toroidal Inflated, Braided Fabric Members, Daniel J. Whitney

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Inflatable structures have become a very important area of interest for many differing applications where lightweight packable structures are required. NASA is developing Hypersonic Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator (HIAD) technology that takes advantage of stacked, inflated fabric tori to form a decelerating spacecraft nose cone. The tori consist of a bladder, braided fabric shell, and reinforcing in the form of integral cords or externally bonded straps. The focus of this thesis is on the development of methods for the structural testing of inflated fabric tori and developing an enhanced understanding of their behavior. This is essential for providing insight into the ...


Application Of Floating Pedal Regenerative Braking For A Rear-Wheel-Drive Parallel-Series Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle With An Automatic Transmission, Dylan Lewis Lewton 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Application Of Floating Pedal Regenerative Braking For A Rear-Wheel-Drive Parallel-Series Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle With An Automatic Transmission, Dylan Lewis Lewton

Dissertations and Theses

As the world continues to move further away from our reliance on fossil fuels, hybrid vehicles are becoming ever more popular. Braking is a system on both hybrid and normal vehicles that involves a significant amount of power and energy. A hybrid can recapture some of that energy using regenerative braking. In this thesis, a method is devised to blend hydraulic and regenerative braking in the most effective manner. A MATLAB Simulink model was built to simulate a parallel-series plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. The model allows for the implementation of a regenerative brake controller that utilizes floating pedal regen, custom ...


Final Design Report: Grasp Data Acquisition Project Axon Vr, Michael Erberich, Jack Schultz, Tyler Yeaman 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Final Design Report: Grasp Data Acquisition Project Axon Vr, Michael Erberich, Jack Schultz, Tyler Yeaman

Mechanical Engineering

No abstract provided.


From Sensor To Street – Intelligent Vehicle Control Systems, Zachariah A. Coles, Thomas A. Beyerl, Imani Augusma, Valentin Soloiu 2016 Georgia Southern University

From Sensor To Street – Intelligent Vehicle Control Systems, Zachariah A. Coles, Thomas A. Beyerl, Imani Augusma, Valentin Soloiu

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

The future of automotive engineering lies in intelligent vehicles. The combined effects of multiple intelligent sub-systems will provide drivers with essential feedback to increase driving safety and reduce fuel wasted in unnecessary acceleration and inefficient traffic routing. Discrete intelligent sub-systems have been increasingly incorporated into consumer vehicles for decades, and continue to evolve. The revolutionary next step in development is fully integrating intelligent capabilities into a total vehicle control system. This may be accomplished through a multilevel control architecture, starting with sensor fusion.

Fused sensors, such as LiDAR and RADAR, will provide their inputs to a single virtual model from ...


Bridge Damage Detection Using Spatiotemporal Patterns Extracted From Dense Sensor Network, Chao Liu, Yongqiang Gong, Simon Laflamme, Brent M. Phares, Soumik Sarkar 2016 Iowa State University

Bridge Damage Detection Using Spatiotemporal Patterns Extracted From Dense Sensor Network, Chao Liu, Yongqiang Gong, Simon Laflamme, Brent M. Phares, Soumik Sarkar

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The alarmingly degrading state of transportation infrastructures combined with their key societal and economic importance calls for automatic condition assessment methods to facilitate smart management of maintenance and repairs. With the advent of ubiquitous sensing and communication capabilities, scalable data-driven approaches is of great interest, as it can utilize large volume of streaming data without requiring detailed physical models that can be inaccurate and computationally expensive to run. Properly designed, a data-driven methodology could enable fast and automatic evaluation of infrastructures, discovery of causal dependencies among various sub-system dynamic responses, and decision making with uncertainties and lack of labeled data ...


Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin McCarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin Mccarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock

J. Kissock

This paper explores the potential for solid-state energy harvesting in industrial applications. In contrast to traditional heat recovery, the output of solid-state devices is electricity, which can be readily used in virtually any plant. The progress in harvesting waste heat via thermoelectric and thermionic generators is described. With second law efficiencies now approaching 50% and 80% respectively, we show that these technologies are on the cusp of practical use. Finally, we present an example of energy harvesting using thermionic devices in an industrial application. The example considers energy harvesting from a furnace at a glass manufacturing facility where exhaust gases ...


Designing And Building An Automatic Chamfer Grinder, William Johnson 2016 Western Kentucky University

Designing And Building An Automatic Chamfer Grinder, William Johnson

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Modern day manufacturing is a demanding environment with a constant need for process improvement. As automation becomes more advanced, there are fewer jobs that must be completed by a human. In the case of Stupp Bridge Company, a local manufacturer of steel bridge girders, their workforce is highly skilled, so replacing mundane tasks with automation allow the skilled workers to focus on the difficult jobs. One such task is grinding a chamfer onto every leading edge of each girder flange, eight edges in total, ranging from 20 to 200 feet long. The purpose of this project was to design an ...


Mechanical Reliability Of Implantable Polyimide-Based Magnetic Microactuators For Biofouling Removal, Christian G. Figueroa-Espada, Qi Yang, Hyowon Lee 2016 University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez

Mechanical Reliability Of Implantable Polyimide-Based Magnetic Microactuators For Biofouling Removal, Christian G. Figueroa-Espada, Qi Yang, Hyowon Lee

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Hydrocephalus is a neurological disorder that typically requires a long-term implantation of a shunt system to manage its symptoms. These shunt systems are notorious for their extremely high failure rate. More than 40% of all implanted shunt systems fail within the first year of implantation. On average, 85% of all hydrocephalus patients with shunt systems undergo at least two shunt-revision surgeries within 10 years of implantation. A large portion of this high failure rate can be attributed to biofouling-related obstructions and infections. Previously, we developed flexible polyimide-based magnetic microactuators to remove obstructions formed on hydrocephalus shunts. To test the long-term ...


Dynamic Modeling Of Contact-Mode Triboelectric Generators By Lagrange’S Equations, Sean M. Gauntt, James Gibert 2016 Clarkson University

Dynamic Modeling Of Contact-Mode Triboelectric Generators By Lagrange’S Equations, Sean M. Gauntt, James Gibert

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Electret based energy scavenging devices utilize electrostatic induction to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. Uses for these devices include harvesting ambient energy in the environment and acting as sensors for a range of applications. These types of devices have been used in MEMS applications for over a decade. However, recently there is an interest in Triboelectric generators/harvesters, i.e., electret based harvesters that relies on triboelectrification as well as electrostatic induction. The literature is filled with a variety of designs for the latter devices, constructed from materials ranging from paper and thin films; rendering the generators lightweight, flexible ...


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