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Bioink Properties Before, During And After 3d Bioprinting, Katja Hölzl, Shengmao Lin, Liesbeth Tytgat, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Linxia Gu, Aleksandr Ovsianikov 2016 Technical University Vienna, Austria

Bioink Properties Before, During And After 3d Bioprinting, Katja Hölzl, Shengmao Lin, Liesbeth Tytgat, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Linxia Gu, Aleksandr Ovsianikov

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Bioprinting is a process based on additive manufacturing from materials containing living cells. These materials, often referred to as bioink, are based on cytocompatible hydrogel precursor formulations, which gel in a manner compatible with different bioprinting approaches. The bioink properties before, during and after gelation are essential for its printability, comprising such features as achievable structural resolution, shape fidelity and cell survival. However, it is the final properties of the matured bioprinted tissue construct that are crucial for the end application. During tissue formation these properties are influenced by the amount of cells present in the construct, their proliferation, migration ...


Designing And Building An Automatic Chamfer Grinder, William Johnson 2016 Western Kentucky University

Designing And Building An Automatic Chamfer Grinder, William Johnson

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Modern day manufacturing is a demanding environment with a constant need for process improvement. As automation becomes more advanced, there are fewer jobs that must be completed by a human. In the case of Stupp Bridge Company, a local manufacturer of steel bridge girders, their workforce is highly skilled, so replacing mundane tasks with automation allow the skilled workers to focus on the difficult jobs. One such task is grinding a chamfer onto every leading edge of each girder flange, eight edges in total, ranging from 20 to 200 feet long. The purpose of this project was to design an ...


Development Of A Diode-Laser Absorption-Spectroscopy Sensor For Real-Time Control Of Combustion Systems, Rahul P. Balla, Christopher S. Goldenstein 2016 Purdue University

Development Of A Diode-Laser Absorption-Spectroscopy Sensor For Real-Time Control Of Combustion Systems, Rahul P. Balla, Christopher S. Goldenstein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Tunable diode-laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) sensors are widely used for measuring gas properties. These sensors offer several advantages including: small footprint, affordability, applicability to harsh environments, rapid time response, and calibration-free operation. As a result, diode-laser sensors can be integrated into control-systems and have previously been used to control gas-turbine combustors. In this study, high-frequency sine waves were generated continuously by a LabVIEW program to simultaneously scan and modulate the wavelength and intensity of a diode laser. The modulated laser light was transmitted 20 cm through the air and measured on a photodetector. Custom-built lock-in software was used to acquire ...


Fiber-Optic Imaging In An Internal Combustion Engine Test Rig, Conor Martin, Michael Smyser, Aswin Ramesh, Greg Shaver, Terrence Meyer 2016 SUNY University at Buffalo

Fiber-Optic Imaging In An Internal Combustion Engine Test Rig, Conor Martin, Michael Smyser, Aswin Ramesh, Greg Shaver, Terrence Meyer

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The formation of particulate matter (PM/soot), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and other byproducts of the combustion process in diesel engines is controlled by spatiotemporally varying quantities within the engine cylinders which traditional sensors cannot resolve. This study explores the use of an advanced sensing technique using an optical probe which can be used to produce highly spatiotemporally resolved in cylinder images of the flame formation during the combustion stroke. Using a fiber optic cable and custom lensing system adapted to fit a pre-existing pressure transducer port, light from within the cylinder can be transmitted through the imaging probe to a ...


High Strain Rate Experiments Of Energetic Material Binder, Roberto Rangel Mendoza, Michael Harr, Weinong Chen 2016 Purdue University

High Strain Rate Experiments Of Energetic Material Binder, Roberto Rangel Mendoza, Michael Harr, Weinong Chen

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Energetic materials, in particular HMX, is widely used in many applications as polymer bonded explosives (PBX) and rocket propellant. However, when damaged, HMX is known to be an unstable substance which renders it a hazardous material and in some cases unreliable. Finding critical mechanical conditions at high rates that render various forms of energetic materials as unreliable would be vital to understand the effects that vibrations and compression forces have on energetic materials. A better understanding would enable the ability to develop improvements in the manufacturing of PBX and rocker propellant. The method utilized to evaluate the mechanical properties of ...


Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis Of Microbubble Drag Reduction Systems At High Reynolds Number, John D. Goolcharan 2016 Florida International University

Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis Of Microbubble Drag Reduction Systems At High Reynolds Number, John D. Goolcharan

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Microbubble drag reduction (MBDR) is an effective method to improve the efficiency of fluid systems. MBDR is a field that has been extensively studied in the past, and experimental values of up to 80% to 90% drag reduction have been obtained. The effectiveness and simplicity of MBDR makes it a viable method for real world applications, particularly in naval applications where it can reduce the drag between the surface of ships and the surrounding water. A two dimensional single phase model was created in ANSYS Fluent to effectively model the behavior of bubble laden flow over a flat plate. This ...


Contribution Of Fiber Undulation To Mechanics Of Three-Dimensional Collagen-I Gel, Shengmao Lin, Linxia Gu 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Contribution Of Fiber Undulation To Mechanics Of Three-Dimensional Collagen-I Gel, Shengmao Lin, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The collagen-I gel is extensively used as a scaffold material in tissue engineering due to its ability to mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, the mechanics of collagen-I gel is investigated using a numerical model of three-dimensional collagen network. The resulted mechanical behavior was validated against the published experimental data. Results illustrated that fiber alignment was dominated in the low strain region, and its transition to stretching dominated phenomena at higher strain led to the strain stiffening of collagen gel. The collagen undulation at the microscopic level was found to delay the initiation of strain stiffening


The Effect Of Mesh-Type Bubble Breakers On Two-Phase Vertical Co-Flow, Alan Kalbfleisch 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Mesh-Type Bubble Breakers On Two-Phase Vertical Co-Flow, Alan Kalbfleisch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It is proposed that mesh-type bubble breakers can be used in two-phase gas-liquid vertical cocurrent pipe flow to enhance the heat and mass transfer rates. Two experimental studies were performed to investigate the effect of mesh-type bubble breakers with varying geometries on two-phase flow behaviour. The first used highspeed imaging to measure bubble size and observe the resulting flow regime for two-phase vertical co-flow consisting of air and water. A Froude number correlation that can be used to predict the bubble size generated by mesh-type bubble breakers is proposed. Flow regime maps for two-phase flow in the presence of bubble ...


Portable Sensory Room For The West Orange County Consortium For Special Education, Lindsey Chase, Emma Eskildsen, Alex Fox, Claire Francis, Nate Hoffman, Kaylee Keck, Sarah Sullivan 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Portable Sensory Room For The West Orange County Consortium For Special Education, Lindsey Chase, Emma Eskildsen, Alex Fox, Claire Francis, Nate Hoffman, Kaylee Keck, Sarah Sullivan

Biomedical Eng/General Eng.

This report discusses the development of a Portable Sensory Room to be used at Newland Elementary School in Huntington Beach. Newland Elementary has an exceptional Special Needs program that teaches the children with the most severe cases of autism in its school district. People with autism typically also have sensory processing disorders, which can be extremely disruptive for a child’s development and can make it difficult for a child to be able to concentrate long enough to gain necessary life skills. The idea behind a Sensory Rooms is to create a place to calm the students and to expose ...


Inclusive Lectern, Trent Canales, Sean Day, Dylan Sigley, Stephen Sippel 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Inclusive Lectern, Trent Canales, Sean Day, Dylan Sigley, Stephen Sippel

Mechanical Engineering

A lectern is an essential piece of equipment for almost all speeches and presentations. They come in many forms and range in degree of professionalism depending on the occasion. Lecterns not only hold a presenter’s notes, a microphone, or other presentation aids, they provide a structure for a presenter that can bolster their confidence during a presentation. As such, it is important that all presenters have a lectern available to them. Unfortunately this is not always the case due to lectern accessibility limitations. This problem inspired the Cal Poly Disability Resource Center to request a lectern that satisfies the ...


Efficiency Testing Of An Electronic Speed Controller, Grace Cowell, Matthew Hudson, Marcus Pereira 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Efficiency Testing Of An Electronic Speed Controller, Grace Cowell, Matthew Hudson, Marcus Pereira

Mechanical Engineering

This project required the development of a rig that could experimentally determine the efficiency of an Electronic Speed Controller (ESC). The selected design focuses on measuring the losses due to heat from the device and comparing this to its input power. The selected design is a flow rig that utilizes the heat equation q=ṁcpΔT. The rig provides a steady state measurement of the ESC heat output by passing a known mass flow rate of air across the ESC and measuring the temperature difference. It uses a flowmeter to determine ṁ, thermocouples to determine ΔT, and a table lookup to ...


Compliant Air Skates, An Experiment, Samuel Feldtkeller, Cody Anderson, Kevin Daily, Eliana Stefani 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Compliant Air Skates, An Experiment, Samuel Feldtkeller, Cody Anderson, Kevin Daily, Eliana Stefani

Mechanical Engineering

There is currently a gap in the market of train levitation systems: wheeled trains and MagLev trains exist, but none utilize the low friction and high efficiency aspect of trains levitated by air skates. An air skate, is an air bearing that uses a pressure difference along its annular body to create a thin flow of air which is strong enough to "levitate" the weight of the skate. We have designed a compliant air skate that can glide over 0.04[in] defects in surfaces without touching down. After having made compliant skirts out of fiberglass and silicone, our setup ...


Walker Tray, Marlene Troncoso, Judy Lantaca, Miriam Krage, Claire Francis 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Walker Tray, Marlene Troncoso, Judy Lantaca, Miriam Krage, Claire Francis

Mechanical Engineering

Sean is an individual with Cerebral Palsy, a disability that affects one's balance, muscle tone, muscular coordination, posture and control. Sean utilizes a walker to aid in maintaining his balance and muscular coordination when ambulating. This enables him to walk independently and leads to improved muscle strength and coordination. When walking, Sean places both hands on the walker to maintain balance and thus the ability to walk and carry items at the same time is compromised. Sean would like to be able to transport items while in use of his walker. The goals of this senior project design are ...


Experimental Building Demonstration Model With Viscous Fluid Dampers, Blake Thomas Reeve, Brianna Jean Kufa, Aden Malek Stepanians, Sophie Carmion Ratkovich 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Experimental Building Demonstration Model With Viscous Fluid Dampers, Blake Thomas Reeve, Brianna Jean Kufa, Aden Malek Stepanians, Sophie Carmion Ratkovich

Architectural Engineering

The Architectural Engineering major places a heavy emphasis on structural dynamics and the role of wind and seismic loading in building analysis and design. Buildings of high importance that are critical to community function, such as hospitals, often utilize supplemental damping devices like supplemental viscous fluid dampers or base isolators to reduce the overall demands on the structural system. The design and analysis of these dampers are typically not taught at the undergraduate level, and is frequently performed by mechanical engineers, in lieu of structural engineers.

To better understand and research building behavior with supplemental damping devices, our multi-disciplinary team ...


A Numerical Study Of Compressible Lid Driven Cavity Flow With A Moving Boundary, Amer Hussain 2016 UNIVERSITY OF NEW ORLEANS

A Numerical Study Of Compressible Lid Driven Cavity Flow With A Moving Boundary, Amer Hussain

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

A two-dimensional (2-D), mathematical model is adopted to investigate the development of circulation patterns for compressible, laminar, and shear driven flow inside a rectangular cavity. The bottom of the cavity is free to move at a specified speed and the aspect ratio of the cavity is changed from 1.0 to 1.5. The vertical sides and the bottom of the cavity are assumed insulated. The cavity is filled with a compressible fluid with Prandtl number, Pr =1. The governing equations are solved numerically using the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) package ANSYS FLUENT 2015 and compared with the results ...


Design And Implementation Of A Controller For A Beaglebone Quadcopter, Peter Olejnik 2016 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

Design And Implementation Of A Controller For A Beaglebone Quadcopter, Peter Olejnik

Graduate Theses - Mechanical Engineering

Unmanned aerial vehicles are quickly becoming a significant and permanent feature in today's world of aviation. Amongst the various types of UAVs, a popular type is the quadcopter. Also referred to as a quadrotor, this rotor craft's defining feature is that it has four propellers. While its use is common in the hobbyist community, this aircraft's use within industry is blooming.

Presented are the efforts to design and implement a controller for a BeagleBone based quadcopter. As part of this effort, characteristics of the quadcopter were experimentally determined. These characteristics consist of physical properties of the quadcopter ...


Jet Flow Validation Of Positron Emission Particle Tracking Utilizing High Speed Video, Seth Thomas Langford 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Jet Flow Validation Of Positron Emission Particle Tracking Utilizing High Speed Video, Seth Thomas Langford

Masters Theses

Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT) generates 4D Lagrangian particle trajectories and is used to evaluate flow in granular media and complex geometries where optical interrogation methods are not possible. A Multi-Particle PEPT (Multi-PEPT) approach was developed by the University of Tennessee Thermal Fluids Group capable of finding and tracking many particles simultaneously to extend the utility of the PEPT method. This thesis compares 4,014 trajectories generated using the Multi-PEPT method with 3,055 trajectories generated from High Speed Video (HSV) data. All trajectories are acquired in an acrylic test section with water flow using resin beads. The flow geometry ...


Ascanius Project: Mech 401/402 Senior Capstone Experience, Ray H. Colquhoun, Joshua Solberg, Martin Tangari, Emanuel Di Stasio 2016 Loyola Marymount University

Ascanius Project: Mech 401/402 Senior Capstone Experience, Ray H. Colquhoun, Joshua Solberg, Martin Tangari, Emanuel Di Stasio

Honors Thesis

This report describes the analysis, design, and test, and launch of a high power reusable rocket. The design goals were to reach a target altitude of 3000’, deploy a payload module containing an egg that can be safely recovered, and record flight video. The rocket was 62.13 in long fully assembled, had a dry mass of 2.764 kg (3.077 kg wet), and was propelled using an I-class solid fuel rocket motor (Cesaroni I-216-CL). The nose cone and tail cone were fabricated by the team from carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) via wet layup and vacuum bagging. The ...


Numerical Investigation Of Full Scale Thunderstorm Downbursts: A Parametric Study And Comparison To Meteorological Model, Christopher Oreskovic 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Investigation Of Full Scale Thunderstorm Downbursts: A Parametric Study And Comparison To Meteorological Model, Christopher Oreskovic

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A series of Large Eddy Simulations using an atmospheric meteorological cloud model have been used to investigate the important geometric and thermal parameters that influence a thunderstorm downburst outflow, as it pertains specifically to the idealized cooling source model. A separate set of Large Eddy Simulations make use of the same idealized cooling source model, in a realistic atmospheric base state using real field sounding data, in an attempt to make a quantifiable comparison to a downburst from a full cloud simulation. Randomness has been added to the cooling source forcing function to mimic the thermal variation in a real ...


The Role Of Rice Leaf Surface Properties In The Appressorium Formation Of Magnaporthe Oryzae, Nicholas A. Bohlim, Sangjin Ryu, Donghee Lee 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Role Of Rice Leaf Surface Properties In The Appressorium Formation Of Magnaporthe Oryzae, Nicholas A. Bohlim, Sangjin Ryu, Donghee Lee

UCARE Research Products

The organism Magnaporthe oryzae is one of the leading causes of rice blast fungus, a disease that greatly affects rice crop yields. Given that rice supplies around twenty percent of the world’s total calories consumed, it is important to investigate factors that affect its harmful progression.

The goal of this study is to determine the effects of surface properties in the attachment of M. oryzae to the rice leaf, and how these properties affect appressorium formation. Properties investigated include stiffness, thickness, surface roughness, and wettability. For repeatability, a silicone-based elastomer with which these variables could be controlled was fabricated ...


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