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Mechanical Characterizations Of 3d-Printed Plla/Steel Particle Composites, Hozhabr Mozafari, Pengfei Dong, Haitham Hadidi, Michael P. Sealy, Linxia Gu 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Mechanical Characterizations Of 3d-Printed Plla/Steel Particle Composites, Hozhabr Mozafari, Pengfei Dong, Haitham Hadidi, Michael P. Sealy, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The objective of this study is to characterize the micromechanical properties of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) composites reinforced by grade 420 stainless steel (SS) particles with a specific focus on the interphase properties. The specimens were manufactured using 3D printing techniques due to its many benefits, including high accuracy, cost effectiveness and customized geometry. The adopted fused filament fabrication resulted in a thin interphase layer with an average thickness of 3 μm. The mechanical properties of each phase, as well as the interphase, were characterized by nanoindentation tests. The effect of matrix degradation, i.e., imperfect bonding, on the elastic modulus ...


Resistance To Helium Bubble Formation In Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Nanocomposite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Jonathan Gigax, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Resistance To Helium Bubble Formation In Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Nanocomposite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Jonathan Gigax, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The management of radiation defects and insoluble He atoms represent key challenges for structural materials in existing fission reactors and advanced reactor systems. To examine how crystalline/amorphous interface, together with the amorphous constituents affects radiation tolerance and He management, we studied helium bubble formation in helium ion implanted amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) and crystalline Fe composites by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The SiOC/Fe composites were grown via magnetron sputtering with controlled length scale on a surface oxidized Si (100) substrate. These composites were subjected to 50 keV He+ implantation with ion doses chosen to produce a 5 at ...


A Sensorless Force-Feedback System For Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery, Baoliang Zhao, Carl A. Nelson 2019 Chinese Academy of Sciences

A Sensorless Force-Feedback System For Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery, Baoliang Zhao, Carl A. Nelson

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The existing surgical robots for laparoscopic surgery offer no or limited force feedback, and there are many problems for the traditional sensor-based solutions. This paper builds a teleoperation surgical system and validates the effectiveness of sensorless force feedback. The tool-tissue interaction force at the surgical grasper tip is estimated using the driving motor’s current, and fed back to the master robot with a position-force bilateral control algorithm. The stiffness differentiation experiment and tumor detection experiment were conducted. In the stiffness differentiation experiment, 43 out of 45 pairs of ranking relationships were identified correctly, yielding a success rate of 96 ...


Hemodynamic Interference Of Serial Stenoses And Its Impact On Ffr And Ifr Measurements, Siyeong Ju, Linxia Gu 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Hemodynamic Interference Of Serial Stenoses And Its Impact On Ffr And Ifr Measurements, Siyeong Ju, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The hemodynamic interference of serial stenoses poses challenges for identifying the functional severity using the fractional flow reserve (FFR) method. The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), i.e., the distal-to-proximal pressure ratio at 75% of diastole, was recently proposed to overcome the disadvantages of the FFR. However, the underlying mechanism remained ambiguous due to the lack of quantitative definition of hemodynamic interference. The objective of this study is to quantitatively define the hemodynamic interference and then examine its role on the FFR and iFR measurements. Pressure distributions, velocity fields, and Q-criterion which identifies vortices, were obtained through the computational fluid dynamics ...


Resistance To Helium Bubble Formation In Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Nanocomposite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Jonathan Gigax, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Resistance To Helium Bubble Formation In Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Nanocomposite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Jonathan Gigax, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The management of radiation defects and insoluble He atoms represent key challenges for structural materials in existing fission reactors and advanced reactor systems. To examine how crystalline/amorphous interface, together with the amorphous constituents affects radiation tolerance and He management, we studied helium bubble formation in helium ion implanted amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) and crystalline Fe composites by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The SiOC/Fe composites were grown via magnetron sputtering with controlled length scale on a surface oxidized Si (100) substrate. These composites were subjected to 50 keV He+ implantation with ion doses chosen to produce a 5 at ...


High Strength, Deformable Nanotwinned Al–Co Alloys, S. Xue, Qiang Li, D. Y. Xie, Y. F. Zhang, Han Wang, Haiyan Wong, J. Wang, Xinghang Zhang 2019 Purdue University

High Strength, Deformable Nanotwinned Al–Co Alloys, S. Xue, Qiang Li, D. Y. Xie, Y. F. Zhang, Han Wang, Haiyan Wong, J. Wang, Xinghang Zhang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Aluminum (Al) alloys have been widely used in the transportation industry. However, most highstrength Al alloys to date have limited mechanical strength, on the order of a few hundred MPa, which is much lower than the flow stress of high-strength steels. In this study, we show the fabrication of nanocrystalline Al alloys with high-density growth twins enabled by a few atomic percent of Co solute. In situ uniaxial compression tests show that the flow stress of Al–Co solid solution alloys exceeds 1.5 GPa, while good work hardening capability is maintained. This study provides a new perspective on the ...


Fast Growth Of Thin Mapbi3 Crystal Wafers On Aqueous Solution Surface For Efficient Lateral-Structure Perovskite Solar Cells, Ye Liu, Qingfeng Dong, Yanjun Fang, Yuze Lin, Yehao Deng, Jinsong Huang 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fast Growth Of Thin Mapbi3 Crystal Wafers On Aqueous Solution Surface For Efficient Lateral-Structure Perovskite Solar Cells, Ye Liu, Qingfeng Dong, Yanjun Fang, Yuze Lin, Yehao Deng, Jinsong Huang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Solar-grade single or multiple crystalline wafers are needed in large quantities in the solar cell industry, and are generally formed by a top-down process from crystal ingots, which causes a significant waste of materials and energy during slicing, polishing, and other processing. Here, a bottom-up technique that allows the growth of wafer-size hybrid perovskite multiple crystals directly from aqueous solution is reported. Single-crystalline hybrid perovskite wafers with centimeter size are grown at the top surface of a perovskite precursor solution. As well as saving raw materials, this method provides unprecedented advantages such as easily tunable thickness and rapid growth of ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Furnace System Improvements, Kenji K. Anzai, Ethan Fedor, Patrick Zailaa 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Furnace System Improvements, Kenji K. Anzai, Ethan Fedor, Patrick Zailaa

Mechanical Engineering

This Final Design Review (FDR) documents the work done by the group to manufacture the system to deliver improvements to the furnace in the Cal Poly microfabrication laboratory (better known as the cleanroom). The document describes the material covered in the Scope of Work (SOW), including background research, customer needfinding, and the problem statement, material associated with concept development and selection for Preliminary Design Review (PDR), material detailing the design and manufacturing plan of the system for Critical Design Review (CDR), and new material detailing the manufacture of the system for FDR.

Research done for the SOW resulted in a ...


Muse 1: Interactive Water Table, Sarah R. Higginbotham 2018 University of Tennessee

Muse 1: Interactive Water Table, Sarah R. Higginbotham

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Liquid Jet Penetration And Breakup In A Free Supersonic Gas Jet, Hansen Jones 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Liquid Jet Penetration And Breakup In A Free Supersonic Gas Jet, Hansen Jones

LSU Master's Theses

In the testing of today’s rocket engines, both on large scale vertical test stands and smaller subscale horizontal component testing stands, it is extremely important to be able to accurately quantify and mitigate the thermal and acoustic loads the engines will generate on test stand infrastructure. Due to the large number of parameters that must be considered for many cases, development of a multi-phase computational code is under way to properly analyze and design water spray cooling systems used at NASA’s Stennis Space Center (SSC) and across other NASA centers. As such, a small-scale experiment has been conducted ...


Hemodynamics And Pathology Of An Enlarging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Model In Rabbits, Hongmei Chen, Yonghua Bi, Siyeong Yu, Linxia Gu, Xiaoyan Zhu, Xinwei Han 2018 Zhengzhou University & Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University

Hemodynamics And Pathology Of An Enlarging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Model In Rabbits, Hongmei Chen, Yonghua Bi, Siyeong Yu, Linxia Gu, Xiaoyan Zhu, Xinwei Han

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Hemodynamics may play an essential role in the initiation and progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We aimed to study the mechanism of self-healing process by the changes of hemodynamics and pathology in an enlarging AAA in rabbits. Seventy-two rabbits were randomly divided into three groups. Rabbits underwent extrinsic coarctation and received a 10-minute elastase incubation in Group A and Group B. Absorbable suture used in Group A was terminated by balloon dilation at week 4. Diameter was measured after 1, 3, 5, and 15 weeks, computational fluid dynamics analysis was performed at week 3 and week 15. Rabbits were ...


Techniques To Stimulate And Interrogate Cell–Cell Adhesion Mechanics, Ruiguo Yang, Joshua A. Broussard, Kathleen J. Green, Horacio D. Espinosa 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Techniques To Stimulate And Interrogate Cell–Cell Adhesion Mechanics, Ruiguo Yang, Joshua A. Broussard, Kathleen J. Green, Horacio D. Espinosa

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Cell–cell adhesions maintain the mechanical integrity of multicellular tissues and have recently been found to act as mechanotransducers, translating mechanical cues into biochemical signals. Mechanotransduction studies have primarily focused on focal adhesions, sites of cell-substrate attachment. These studies leverage technical advances in devices and systems interfacing with living cells through cell–extracellular matrix adhesions. As reports of aberrant signal transduction originating from mutations in cell–cell adhesion molecules are being increasingly associated with disease states, growing attention is being paid to this intercellular signaling hub. Along with this renewed focus, new requirements arise for the interrogation and stimulation of ...


Molecular Dynamics Studies On Nanoscale Confined Liquids, Alper Celebi 2018 Southern Methodist University

Molecular Dynamics Studies On Nanoscale Confined Liquids, Alper Celebi

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Liquid transport in nanochannels have been attracting great interests, especially for last two decades, owing to its potential applicability in various fields including biochemistry, medical science and engineering. For exploring and generating new ideas in the field of nanofluidics, molecular simulation techniques have become an ideal way due to the experimental challenges impeding the field of nanofluidics in fabrication and measurements.

In this dissertation, we perform molecular dynamics simulations to investigate liquid transport behavior in nanoscale channels. The expanse of this dissertation concerns several fundamental topics in nanoscale liquid transport phenomena such as liquid properties in nanoscale confinements, interfacial flows ...


Predict The Failure Of Hydraulic Pumps By Different Machine Learning Algorithms, Yifei Zhou, Monika Ivantysynova, Nathan Keller 2018 School of Agricultural & Biological Engineering, Purdue University

Predict The Failure Of Hydraulic Pumps By Different Machine Learning Algorithms, Yifei Zhou, Monika Ivantysynova, Nathan Keller

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Pump failure is a general concerned problem in the hydraulic field. Once happening, it will cause a huge property loss and even the life loss. The common methods to prevent the occurrence of pump failure is by preventative maintenance and breakdown maintenance, however, both of them have significant drawbacks. This research focuses on the axial piston pump and provides a new solution by the prognostic of pump failure using the classification of machine learning. Different kinds of sensors (temperature, acceleration and etc.) were installed into a good condition pump and three different kinds of damaged pumps to measure 10 of ...


Design Survey Of Laminated Composite I-Beam, Mrinmoy Saha 2018 Utah State University

Design Survey Of Laminated Composite I-Beam, Mrinmoy Saha

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Composite I-beams are popular for high-strength low-weight applications. Learning the macro-mechanics and designing the composite I-beam properly are necessary. In this report, a design overview of the composite I-beam is discussed which is based on classical lamination theory where it includes the homogenization approach, the plane stress assumption and the Kirchhoff hypothesis. Using these assumptions, a method was developed to come up with the effective material properties of a beam. Formulas to calculate maximum deflection and maximum bending stress and shear stress and the stress concentration at the connection of web-flange are discussed which describe ways for designing and manufacturing ...


Material-Process-Property Relationships Of 17-4 Stainless Steel Fabricated By Laser-Powder Bed Fusion Followed By Hot Isostatic Pressing., Harish Irrinki 2018 University of Louisville

Material-Process-Property Relationships Of 17-4 Stainless Steel Fabricated By Laser-Powder Bed Fusion Followed By Hot Isostatic Pressing., Harish Irrinki

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

17-4 PH stainless steel is commonly used in medical, tooling, automotive, chemical and aerospace industries due to its excellent strength and corrosion properties. Additive manufacturing processes such as laser-powder bed fusion (L-PBF) have gained attention and importance due to the potential to produce complex-shaped three-dimensional parts for various industries. In order to manufacture three-dimensional components from 17-4 PH stainless steel powder using L-PBF, it is critical for design and manufacturing engineers to have an awareness of various material options and corresponding processing and post-processing conditions to obtain useful mechanical properties from the process. The goal of this dissertation is to ...


Temperature Effects On Helium Filled Soap Bubble Particle Tracking Velocimetry., Michael C. Blum 2018 University of Louisville

Temperature Effects On Helium Filled Soap Bubble Particle Tracking Velocimetry., Michael C. Blum

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Helium Filled Soap Bubble (HFSB) Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) methods are becoming increasingly popular as they provide a low cost, safe option for reliable flow visualization. Several studies have been conducted to understand the accuracy of such systems under normal temperatures and pressures; however, no such studies to date have examined accuracy of HFSB PTV at high temperatures. The goal of this study is to characterize the capability of HFSB PTV methods to visualize air flow through a rectangular duct at elevated temperature. A heated wind tunnel was designed to heat up to 150 m3/h of 25 °C ...


Effects Of Grooves On Drag In Laminar Channel Flow, Yanbei Wang 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Effects Of Grooves On Drag In Laminar Channel Flow, Yanbei Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents the analysis of the effects of three-dimensional grooves on the flow responses in laminar channel flows. The wall topographies were expressed using the two-dimensional Fourier expansions. A spectrally accurate algorithm based on the Immersed Boundary Conditions (IBC) was used to determine the solution for the field equations and extract information about the velocity and pressure fields. The effects of grooves on the pressure losses were assessed by determining the additional pressure gradient required to maintain the same flow rate through the grooved channel as through the reference smooth channel. Effects of groove wave numbers, groove amplitudes, the ...


Design For Maintainability In Developing Communities—A Case Study On The Uros Islands, Thomas Barlow 2018 Brigham Young University

Design For Maintainability In Developing Communities—A Case Study On The Uros Islands, Thomas Barlow

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Designing products for developing communities has exposed many of the underlying assumptions that engineers from developed nations have during the design process. There has been much written about these underlying assumptions in order to create a better framework for designing for developing communities. One unexplored, yet important area is the universality of common maintainability principles used in developed countries when designing products used in developing communities. Such principles include: simplicity, diagnosability, standardization of parts, modular subassemblies, minimizing assembly and disassembly parts, labeling components, increased life of moving parts, manuals, and simplifying tools needed for repairs [1]–[3]. The purpose of ...


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