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Autonomous Material Refill For Swarm 3d Printing, William C. Jones 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Autonomous Material Refill For Swarm 3d Printing, William C. Jones

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

3D printing currently offers robust and cheap rapid prototyping solutions. While standard 3D printing remains at the periphery of mass production, the technology serves as a starting point for the development of swarm manufacturing. Since swarm manufacturing is predicated upon autonomy, swarm technology companies such as AMBOTS are seeking to minimize human involvement in the swarm’s functions. At present, the 3D printing swarm consists of the printers, a transporter which can take them between job sites, and the floor tiles which provide power and support the build surfaces. To add to this ecosystem, this project is focused on the design …


Eastman Guide Rail Project, Camryn J. Hurley, Jace Lyon, Isaiah Wallace, Cole Thomas, Erin Bennett 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Eastman Guide Rail Project, Camryn J. Hurley, Jace Lyon, Isaiah Wallace, Cole Thomas, Erin Bennett

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Understanding Thermal Comfort Impact And Air Movement Around Open Stairs Through The Use Of Cfd Modeling, Ethan Davidson 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Understanding Thermal Comfort Impact And Air Movement Around Open Stairs Through The Use Of Cfd Modeling, Ethan Davidson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The air exchange between two floors of a building has an impact on thermal comfort. The present research attempts to quantify this impact and identify the contributing factors disrupting the thermal comfort on and around stairs. Various heating and cooling scenarios were analyzed, using CFD modeling, in a simple two-story building separated by a single staircase. The research examines a single building layout with a fixed inlet and outlet configuration. In addition, the study investigated the short-term impact on thermal comfort. As a result, the duration of the simulations varies from two and half minutes to ten minutes, consistent with …


Examining The Different Snap-Through Characteristics Of Bistable Cfrp Composite Laminates, Vishrut Deshpande 2022 Clemson University

Examining The Different Snap-Through Characteristics Of Bistable Cfrp Composite Laminates, Vishrut Deshpande

All Theses

Bistable carbon fiber composites, whose bistability arises from having asymmetric fiber layouts in different layers, have shown immense potential for use in shape morphing and adaptive structure applications. While many studies in this field focus on these composite laminates’ external shapes at the two stable states, their snap-through behavior of shifting from one stable shape to the other remains a critical aspect to be investigated in complete detail. Moreover, symmetric loading conditions have been extensively studied based on the classical lamination theory, but the asymmetric loading conditions received far less attention. Therefore, this study examines an asymmetric, localized point load …


A Computational Approach For The Estimation Of Elastic Behavior Of Metal Matrix Composites, Emmanuel Michalakis 2022 Mississippi State University

A Computational Approach For The Estimation Of Elastic Behavior Of Metal Matrix Composites, Emmanuel Michalakis

ME 4233/6233 Fundamentals of FEA

Composite materials are being widely used in many industries for their properties and efficiency. The current work presents a computational approach that can estimate the elastic behavior of metal composites and porous materials using finite element models of representative volume elements (RVEs) which have been used to test and design particulate composite materials. The required size of the RVE for the determination of elastic properties, the effects of the elastic modulus fraction Einc/Emat on the homogenized elasticity and the convergence of the homogenized properties E11, E22 and E33 with the size of the RVE is explored.


Computational Study Of Internal Flow, Near Nozzle And External Spray Of A Gdi Injector Under Flash-Boiling Conditions, Chinmoy krushna Mohapatra 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Computational Study Of Internal Flow, Near Nozzle And External Spray Of A Gdi Injector Under Flash-Boiling Conditions, Chinmoy Krushna Mohapatra

Doctoral Dissertations

The early and late portions of transient fuel injection have proven to be a rich area
of research, especially since the end of injection can cause a disproportionate amount
of emissions in direct injection internal combustion engines. While simulating the
internal flow of fuel injectors, valve opening and closing events are the perennial
challenges. A typical adaptive-mesh CFD simulation is extremely computationally
expensive, as the small gap between the needle valve and the seat requires very
small cells to be resolved properly. Capturing complete closure usually involves a
topological change in the computational domain. Furthermore, Internal Combustion
Engines(ICE) operating with …


Implementation Of Multiscale Mechanisms In Finite Element Analysis Of Active Composite Structures, Amany G. Micheal Prof., Yehia Bahei El Din Prof. 2022 The British University in Egypt

Implementation Of Multiscale Mechanisms In Finite Element Analysis Of Active Composite Structures, Amany G. Micheal Prof., Yehia Bahei El Din Prof.

Centre for Advanced Materials

Composite structures reinforced with electrically active filaments are modeled with the finite element method while the underlying thermo-electromechanical coupling phenomena and damage are taken into consideration. At the outset, structural analysis is performed with a general-purpose finite element code and a special material routine, which propagates local phenomena to the overall scale is utilized. The material routine implements an interactive, multiscale analysis, which provides seamless integration of the mechanics at the composite’s micro, macro, and structural length scales. The interface between the multiscale material routine and the finite element code is made through nonmechanical strains caused by damage, and piezo/pyro-electric …


Team H&H Rc Baja Drivetrain, William T. Hedlund 2022 Central Washington University

Team H&H Rc Baja Drivetrain, William T. Hedlund

All Undergraduate Projects

A need for a drivetrain and steering system that could provide locomotion and directional control for the H&H RC Baja racecar was needed. The RC Baja event is a competition hosted by the CWU ASME club in which teams of engineering students compete against each other to test the effectiveness of the respective designs. The car needed to be able to compete in three events: a drag race, solemn course, and a Baja event. This was accomplished by designing and manufacturing several parts of different materials utilizing a range of manufacturing techniques to produce sub-assemblies and that made up the …


Carbon Fiber Recycling: Delamination System, Aaron Eastman 2022 Central Washington University

Carbon Fiber Recycling: Delamination System, Aaron Eastman

All Undergraduate Projects

The production of composite wings at Boeing causes carbon fiber waste and CWU Mechanical Engineering Technology students have been tasked in designing a carbon fiber recycling system. This project was brought forth and funded by the Joint Center for Aerospace Technology Innovation (JCATI). There are three subsystems that make up the carbon fiber recycling system, the delamination system, shredding system, and the oven. The purpose of this project was to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the delamination system of the carbon fiber recycling system. The old system reached approximately 30-40 percent delamination with one pass through the system, and …


R/C Baja Truck Suspension, Chassis And Steering, Ryan LaFrombois 2022 Central Washington University

R/C Baja Truck Suspension, Chassis And Steering, Ryan Lafrombois

All Undergraduate Projects

The ASME RC Baja Challenge is an annual competition that the Central Washington University Mechanical Engineering and Technology (MET) department takes part in. Senior level engineers divided the work between the drivetrain and the chassis/suspension while designing and manufacturing to meet a set of requirements. Next, a device was to be developed to be able to withstand the extreme forces to be successful in the competition at the end of the year. The process would require that the students use their acquired knowledge and skills to design, manufacture, and analyze a capable device. Designing involved the completion of 12 analyses …


R/C Baja: Drivetrain, Connor T. Donovan 2022 Central Washington University

R/C Baja: Drivetrain, Connor T. Donovan

All Undergraduate Projects

The Central Washington University Mechanical Engineering Technology Department hosts an annual R/C Baja competition in which R/C cars fabricated by student teams are put through a series of courses and tests to determine which team's vehicle is best. The goal of this project was to create a functioning drivetrain that conveys power from the battery to the wheels and provides control of the vehicle. A list of requirements for the drivetrain was created to ensure that the vehicle will not only function, but that it will actually succeed in the competition. These requirements included that the vehicle must achieve a …


Atomistic-Continuum Membrane And Machine Learning Models For Two-Dimensional Materials, Upenda Yadav 2022 Michigan Technological University

Atomistic-Continuum Membrane And Machine Learning Models For Two-Dimensional Materials, Upenda Yadav

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

“What could we do with layered structures with just the right layers?” asked Richard Feynman in his famous 1959 lecture, “There’s plenty of room at the bottom.” With the help of the amazing developments of the past several years, we are coming close to answering that question. In 2004, graphene was first isolated from graphite and only six short years later it won the Nobel Prize in Physics. Graphene is one atomic layer of Carbon, it is the thinnest and yet the strongest materials we have ever seen. It is 200 times stronger than its equivalent weight in steel and …


Zips Racing Electric 2022 Brakes Subsystem Design, Nicholas Thomas 2022 The University of Akron

Zips Racing Electric 2022 Brakes Subsystem Design, Nicholas Thomas

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project will include the design, manufacture, and assembly of the entire brakes subsystem for the Zips Racing Electric (ZRE) 2022 car. Goals of the brakes system include a lightweight, modular, machinable, and rigid design. The project will begin in the Fall semester with the design of the pedals and rotors as well as calculations to specify master cylinders, calipers, pads, etc. Software such as SolidWorks CAD, SolidWorks FEA, and Mastercam CAM will be employed. Next, the second semester will involve manufacturing or purchasing necessary components. Prototype pedals will be manufactured for physical testing.

The project will be completed individually. …


Grinding And Super-Finishing Test Machine Project, Michael Simon 2022 The University of Akron

Grinding And Super-Finishing Test Machine Project, Michael Simon

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A research project in The University of Akron to study grinding and super-finishing of silicon nitride ceramic was initiated by Dr. Siamak Farhad and sponsored by the Timken Company, with the assistance of undergraduate students Michael Simon, Ryan Hosso and Mathew Rozmajzl. The study required analysis of forces and scratches generated during grinding processes of silicon nitride samples. A testing assembly was designed and constructed to record the forces generated during grinding and super-finishing of silicon nitride samples in a computer-numerical-control machine. Silicon nitride samples were subjected to desired grinding and super-finishing operations and all forces generated during the process …


Human Powered Vehicle Team Challenge, Sydney Nedlik, Spencer Brodie, Maria Griffin, William Schell, Ryan Serraglio 2022 The University of Akron

Human Powered Vehicle Team Challenge, Sydney Nedlik, Spencer Brodie, Maria Griffin, William Schell, Ryan Serraglio

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Design and build a Human Powered Vehicle in a team of five. Compete at the ASME HPVC competition in March of 2022. Re-establish the Human Powered Vehicle Team at the University of Akron.


Implementation Of Multiscale Mechanisms In Finite Element Analysis Of Active Composite Structures, Amany Micheal, Yehia Bahei-El-Din 2022 The British University in Egypt

Implementation Of Multiscale Mechanisms In Finite Element Analysis Of Active Composite Structures, Amany Micheal, Yehia Bahei-El-Din

Centre for Advanced Materials

Interrogation of composite structures for inherent damage is investigated by implementing a three-tier analysis scheme. The analysis starts at the structure level where a general-purpose Finite Element code ABAQUS is employed to obtain the stress field in the second level of analysis which is the composite laminate. A special material routine is prepared to propagate the local fields to the individual plies and hence to the third level of analysis which is the microstructure modeling of the composite. Through the third level of analysis, interface damage between fiber and matrix is checked implementing a certain failure criteria. The interaction between …


Development Of An Improved Mathematical Representation Which Captures The Nonlinear Dynamic Behavior Of A Drill-String Assembly, Eleazar Marquez 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Development Of An Improved Mathematical Representation Which Captures The Nonlinear Dynamic Behavior Of A Drill-String Assembly, Eleazar Marquez

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this study, an improved mathematical representation of a drill-string assembly is developed to provide an alternative assessment on vibration irregularities proliferating downhole due to bit-rock interference. Lateral vibrations receive particular attention due to their high frequency content which alter the dynamic response of the drill-string, instigate casing damage, and impede optimal penetration rates. The response of the drill-string is captured by synthesizing compatible stationary bit excitations, via an auto-regressive digital filter, and implementing Monte Carlo simulation, while the power spectral density function is approximated to elucidate the dynamic characteristics during drilling. Formulating adequate physical parameters for the equation of …


Peridynamic Material Correspondence Models: Bond-Associated And Higher-Order Formulations, WaiLam Chan 2022 University of Kentucky

Peridynamic Material Correspondence Models: Bond-Associated And Higher-Order Formulations, Wailam Chan

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Peridynamic material correspondence model is able to incorporate material constitutive models directly from classical continuum mechanics theory. However, conventional correspondence model faces two major technical issues for its application to practical problems. The first is the material instability, which results severe oscillations in the predicted displacement fields. The second issue is the length scale effects of materials mechanical behavior at low length scales. This research journey mainly consists of three stages. The first two stages of this research journey focus on the development of the bond-associated peridynamic material correspondence model to inherently remove the material instability. The last stage focuses …


Estimation Of The Response, Power Spectra, And Whirling Patterns Generated From Mud Circulating Along The Annulus During Drilling Procedures: An Alternative Mathematical Representation Via Finite Element Modelling, Eleazar Marquez 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Estimation Of The Response, Power Spectra, And Whirling Patterns Generated From Mud Circulating Along The Annulus During Drilling Procedures: An Alternative Mathematical Representation Via Finite Element Modelling, Eleazar Marquez

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this study, an alternative mathematical representation of a drill-string is proposed to provide an alternative assessment on BHA dynamic alterations. Lateral vibrations remain the focal point of drill-string breakdowns given their high frequency characterization and ability to deviate perforation trajectories from the subsurface target. In this paper, the proposed model consists of an anisotropic rotor subjected to distinct RPMs, an axial force, and a bidirectional harmonic excitation with specified amplitude and assorted duration to simulate annulus motion generated from the mud fluid. In this regard, Euler-Bernoulli beam theory was adopted to establish a complete MDOF mathematical expression and thus …


Oxidative Aging And Fracture Behavior Of Polymers And Composites: Theory, Modeling And Experiments, Shabnam Konica 2022 Michigan Technological University

Oxidative Aging And Fracture Behavior Of Polymers And Composites: Theory, Modeling And Experiments, Shabnam Konica

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Polymers and their composites (PMC) have emerged as effective alternative materials in structural, aerospace, and automotive industries due to their lightweight and tunable properties compared to metals. However, these materials tend to degrade during their operations in extreme environments. In this work, two extreme conditions are considered: - i) high-temperature oxidative degradation of polymers and polymer-based composites ii) Fracture and damage of polymer-based composites under thermo-mechanical loading.

Polymer oxidation starts when oxygen from the ambient diffuses into the bulk material and initiates chemical reactions to develop a coarse, brittle oxide layer on the exposed surface. The oxidative degradation process is …


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