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Modeling Of A Roll-To-Roll Plasma Cvd System For Graphene, Yudong Chen, Majed A. Alrefae, Anurag Kumar, Timothy S. Fisher 2016 Purdue University

Modeling Of A Roll-To-Roll Plasma Cvd System For Graphene, Yudong Chen, Majed A. Alrefae, Anurag Kumar, Timothy S. Fisher

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Graphene is a 2D carbon material that has extraordinary physical properties relevant to many industrial applications such as electronics, oxidation barrier and biosensors. Roll-to-roll plasma chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has been developed to manufacture graphene at large scale. In a plasma CVD chamber, graphene is grown on a copper foil as it passes through a high-temperature plasma region. The temperatures of the gas and the copper foil play important roles in the growth of graphene. Consequently, there is a need to understand the temperature and gas velocity distributions in the system. The heat generated in the plasma creates a thermal ...


Effect Of Aggregation And Particle Size On The Thermal Conductivity Of Nickel-Epoxy Nanocomposites, Jacob M. Faulkner, Xiangyu Li, Xiulin Ruan Dr. 2016 Purdue University

Effect Of Aggregation And Particle Size On The Thermal Conductivity Of Nickel-Epoxy Nanocomposites, Jacob M. Faulkner, Xiangyu Li, Xiulin Ruan Dr.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Microprocessor advancements have been stunted in recent years by inadequate means of heat dissipation as power continues to grow and size continues to shrink. One way to increase thermal conductivity while maintaining electrical insulation is to add metal nanoparticles to a polymer matrix. This cheap material has become a popular thermal interface for this reason. However, optimization of the interface is dependent upon a number of factors including particle size, shape, orientation, and aggregation. Various theoretical models and numerical approximations have been developed to find the effective thermal conductivity of such nanocomposites, but none has been able to fully incorporate ...


Fluid Flow Thermometry Using Thermographic Phosphors, Gabriel J. Fenoglio, Humberto J. Detrinidad, Aman Satija, Alex D. Casey, Robert P. Lucht, Terrence R. Meyer 2016 Purdue University

Fluid Flow Thermometry Using Thermographic Phosphors, Gabriel J. Fenoglio, Humberto J. Detrinidad, Aman Satija, Alex D. Casey, Robert P. Lucht, Terrence R. Meyer

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Phosphor thermometry is a non-intrusive thermometry technique that allows for spatially and temporally resolved surface temperature measurements. The thermographic method has been employed in a number of applications that include combustion, sprays, and gas flows. In the current work, we investigate the implementation of thermographic phosphors in liquid flows, which is of interest in a wide range of applications in heat transfer, fluid mechanics, and thermal systems. Zinc oxide doped with Zinc (ZnO:Zn) was the phosphor employed for experimentation due to its high emission intensity and insolubility. In order to explore this application, the phosphor powder was uniformly dispersed ...


Fiber-Optic Imaging In An Internal Combustion Engine Test Rig, Conor Martin, Michael Smyser, Aswin Ramesh, Greg Shaver, Terrence Meyer 2016 SUNY University at Buffalo

Fiber-Optic Imaging In An Internal Combustion Engine Test Rig, Conor Martin, Michael Smyser, Aswin Ramesh, Greg Shaver, Terrence Meyer

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The formation of particulate matter (PM/soot), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and other byproducts of the combustion process in diesel engines is controlled by spatiotemporally varying quantities within the engine cylinders which traditional sensors cannot resolve. This study explores the use of an advanced sensing technique using an optical probe which can be used to produce highly spatiotemporally resolved in cylinder images of the flame formation during the combustion stroke. Using a fiber optic cable and custom lensing system adapted to fit a pre-existing pressure transducer port, light from within the cylinder can be transmitted through the imaging probe to a ...


Investigation Of Aluminum Foams And Graphite Fillers For Improving The Thermal Conductivity Of Paraffin Wax-Based Phase Change Materials, Javieradrian Ruiz, Amy Marconnet, Yash Ganatra, John Howarter, Alex Bruce 2016 Purdue University

Investigation Of Aluminum Foams And Graphite Fillers For Improving The Thermal Conductivity Of Paraffin Wax-Based Phase Change Materials, Javieradrian Ruiz, Amy Marconnet, Yash Ganatra, John Howarter, Alex Bruce

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Passive thermal management with phase change materials (PCMs) has become the one of the most promising methods to cool cell phone processors due to the relatively simple implementation and profound impact on processor temperatures. Enhancing the thermal properties of conventional PCMs, mainly thermal conductivity and latent heat storage, allows for an overall improved thermal management system. This study aims to improve the thermal conductivity of paraffin wax (a typical commercial PCM) by the introduction of an expanded graphite (EG) filler to form a paraffin wax composite, and then infiltration of the EG/paraffin composite into an aluminum foam matrix. The ...


Relative Contributions Of Inelastic Phonon Scattering And Elastic Phonon Scattering To Thermal Boundary Conductance Across Solid Interfaces, Mengxi Zhao, Zexi Lu, Xiulin Ruan 2016 Purdue University

Relative Contributions Of Inelastic Phonon Scattering And Elastic Phonon Scattering To Thermal Boundary Conductance Across Solid Interfaces, Mengxi Zhao, Zexi Lu, Xiulin Ruan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The knowledge of inelastic phonon scattering is crucial for the understanding of thermal boundary conductance across solid interfaces. Several traditional theoretical models such as the acoustic mismatch model (AMM) and the diffuse mismatch model (DMM) assume that the elastic phonon scattering drives the thermal transport across the interface. But there are experiments indicating that the inelastic phonon scattering plays an important part in the interfacial thermal energy conduction as well. We use nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) to predict the inelastic phonon conductance across Cu/Si interface. Temperature distribution across Cu/Si interface has been obtained from the simulation results, and ...


Laser Diagnostics Of C2h4 And Ch4 From N-Butane Pyrolysis, Liu Su 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Laser Diagnostics Of C2h4 And Ch4 From N-Butane Pyrolysis, Liu Su

Masters Theses

Combustion of fossil fuels remains the dominant source of energy which enables us sustain thrive in this planet. Meanwhile, the negative effects of burning fossil fuels, however, are devastating our climate and environment. Eliminating those negative effects while attaining energy supply from fossil fuels becomes urgent and prominent. It is, nevertheless, impossible without a thorough understanding of the combustion process.

Experimental approach remains one of the dominating approaches to study combustion despite the growing interest in numerical approach. The development of workstations and massive supercomputers is providing the computation ability that one has never imaged. Nevertheless, it still appears difficult ...


The Effect Of Mesh-Type Bubble Breakers On Two-Phase Vertical Co-Flow, Alan Kalbfleisch 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Mesh-Type Bubble Breakers On Two-Phase Vertical Co-Flow, Alan Kalbfleisch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It is proposed that mesh-type bubble breakers can be used in two-phase gas-liquid vertical cocurrent pipe flow to enhance the heat and mass transfer rates. Two experimental studies were performed to investigate the effect of mesh-type bubble breakers with varying geometries on two-phase flow behaviour. The first used highspeed imaging to measure bubble size and observe the resulting flow regime for two-phase vertical co-flow consisting of air and water. A Froude number correlation that can be used to predict the bubble size generated by mesh-type bubble breakers is proposed. Flow regime maps for two-phase flow in the presence of bubble ...


Me 350 Air Conditioning Experiment, Joshua Baida, Ellie Hallner, Tyler Eschenbach 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Me 350 Air Conditioning Experiment, Joshua Baida, Ellie Hallner, Tyler Eschenbach

Mechanical Engineering

In keeping with Cal Poly's focus on physically applying the concepts learned in the classroom, our team of engineering students has compiled a laboratory experiment displaying the basic thermodynamic cycle found in air conditioning systems. This vapor compression cycle is displayed on a visualization board that features all four major components of the system: the compressor, the evaporator, the condenser, and the throttling valve. Students will take measurements of temperature and pressure at each stage in the cycle and also gauge the power draw from the compressor to gain an understanding of how performance and electricity cost come into ...


Efficiency Testing Of An Electronic Speed Controller, Grace Cowell, Matthew Hudson, Marcus Pereira 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Efficiency Testing Of An Electronic Speed Controller, Grace Cowell, Matthew Hudson, Marcus Pereira

Mechanical Engineering

This project required the development of a rig that could experimentally determine the efficiency of an Electronic Speed Controller (ESC). The selected design focuses on measuring the losses due to heat from the device and comparing this to its input power. The selected design is a flow rig that utilizes the heat equation q=ṁcpΔT. The rig provides a steady state measurement of the ESC heat output by passing a known mass flow rate of air across the ESC and measuring the temperature difference. It uses a flowmeter to determine ṁ, thermocouples to determine ΔT, and a table lookup to ...


Fluid Analysis In Solar Heat Pipes, Ben Krumholz, Michael Agavo, William Dundon 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Fluid Analysis In Solar Heat Pipes, Ben Krumholz, Michael Agavo, William Dundon

Mechanical Engineering

Evacuated tube solar collectors are efficient systems that use heat pipes to facilitate heat transfer. They use incoming solar radiation to heat water. Professor Mason Medizade tasked the team with choosing a component of the system to research and test its influence on system performance. The team investigated the working fluid that runs through the heat pipes. Distilled water, acetone, and ethanol at a range of fill volumes form 1 mL to 11 mL were tested. The team's goal was to find a volume for each fluid to maximize performance of the system. Performance was defined as average temperature ...


Continuum Modeling Of The Densification Of W-Ni-Fe During Selective Laser Sintering, Connor M. West 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Continuum Modeling Of The Densification Of W-Ni-Fe During Selective Laser Sintering, Connor M. West

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The purpose of this thesis is to effectively model the time history of the temperature distribution during the selective laser sintering process and use this information to investigate the resulting relative density. The temperature is a critical parameter of the process because it directly effects the overall quality of the part. First, an efficient, affordable, and reliable simulation was developed within the finite element software, Abaqus. Next, the results from the simulations were compared to the experimental results performed by Wang et al. (2016). The FEA model consisted of a 3 layer simulation. Multiple simulations at various laser recipes were ...


A Numerical Study Of Compressible Lid Driven Cavity Flow With A Moving Boundary, Amer Hussain 2016 UNIVERSITY OF NEW ORLEANS

A Numerical Study Of Compressible Lid Driven Cavity Flow With A Moving Boundary, Amer Hussain

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

A two-dimensional (2-D), mathematical model is adopted to investigate the development of circulation patterns for compressible, laminar, and shear driven flow inside a rectangular cavity. The bottom of the cavity is free to move at a specified speed and the aspect ratio of the cavity is changed from 1.0 to 1.5. The vertical sides and the bottom of the cavity are assumed insulated. The cavity is filled with a compressible fluid with Prandtl number, Pr =1. The governing equations are solved numerically using the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) package ANSYS FLUENT 2015 and compared with the results ...


Effect Of Non-Uniform Air-Side Velocity Distribution On Heat Transfer Model Predictions For Microchannel Condenser., Zachary Chapin 2016 University of Louisville

Effect Of Non-Uniform Air-Side Velocity Distribution On Heat Transfer Model Predictions For Microchannel Condenser., Zachary Chapin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This is a study of the effects on heat transfer capacity predictions of microchannel condensers when airflow is maldistributed due to the shape of the condenser. The three shapes investigated in this study are flat, U-shape and roll. Each coil was tested in a water calorimeter and those results were compared to the model prediction. The model prediction was calculated using CoilDesigner™ modeling software with standard correlations. Using the uniform airflow assumption, the model over predicted the heat capacity measured in the calorimeter by 5-11% depending on the coil and inlet conditions. The local airflow velocity was measured using a ...


Study To Reduce Peak Electrical Demand Charges For The John C. Hodges Library, Jared Thomas Carpenter, Isaac Michael Robinette, Matthew Joeseph Conrad, Daniel Matthew Whaley, William A. Miller 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Study To Reduce Peak Electrical Demand Charges For The John C. Hodges Library, Jared Thomas Carpenter, Isaac Michael Robinette, Matthew Joeseph Conrad, Daniel Matthew Whaley, William A. Miller

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Improved Modeling Of Atmospheric Entry For Meteors With Nose Radii Between 5cm And 10m, Jakob Dale Brisby 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Improved Modeling Of Atmospheric Entry For Meteors With Nose Radii Between 5cm And 10m, Jakob Dale Brisby

Masters Theses

Atmospheric entry studies typically look closely at the peak heating rate that a body encounters during its trajectory. This is an extremely important phenomenon to study because it allows engineers to determine if a trajectory is possible with given materials and craft design specifications. It also allows designers to choose what type of method will be used for mitigating the enormous heat fluxes during entry. In general, it is accepted that during the super-sonic flight regime the body will continue to be heated and an ablative heat shield often is used to deal with these heating processes. The theory outlined ...


Leidenfrost Energy Barriers, James Peck, Anton Hassebrook, Craig Zuhlke, Troy Anderson, Dennis Alexander, George Gogos, Sidy Ndao 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Leidenfrost Energy Barriers, James Peck, Anton Hassebrook, Craig Zuhlke, Troy Anderson, Dennis Alexander, George Gogos, Sidy Ndao

UCARE Research Products

In this work, an “Energy Barrier” was created to control the motion of Leidenfrost droplets. This barrier was created by functionalizing a portion of a mirror-polished stainless steel 304 surface with Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing (FLSP). FLSP results in superhydrophilic, hierarchical, micro- and nanostructures which are highly wetting and thus have an increased Leidenfrost temperature. Water droplets in the film boiling state were deposited, and propelled by gravity towards the Energy Barrier interface. Room temperature droplets were deposited over a range of surface temperatures beginning with the Leidenfrost temperature of mirror-polished stainless steel 304 and culminating at the Leidenfrost temperature ...


Numerical Investigation Of Full Scale Thunderstorm Downbursts: A Parametric Study And Comparison To Meteorological Model, Christopher Oreskovic 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Investigation Of Full Scale Thunderstorm Downbursts: A Parametric Study And Comparison To Meteorological Model, Christopher Oreskovic

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A series of Large Eddy Simulations using an atmospheric meteorological cloud model have been used to investigate the important geometric and thermal parameters that influence a thunderstorm downburst outflow, as it pertains specifically to the idealized cooling source model. A separate set of Large Eddy Simulations make use of the same idealized cooling source model, in a realistic atmospheric base state using real field sounding data, in an attempt to make a quantifiable comparison to a downburst from a full cloud simulation. Randomness has been added to the cooling source forcing function to mimic the thermal variation in a real ...


A Model For Complex Heat And Mass Transport Involving Porous Media With Related Applications, Furqan A. Khan 2016 The University of Western Ontario

A Model For Complex Heat And Mass Transport Involving Porous Media With Related Applications, Furqan A. Khan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Heat and mass transfer involving porous media is prevalent in, for example, air-conditioning, drying, food storage, and chemical processing. Such applications require non-equilibrium heat and mass (or moisture) transfer modeling inside porous media in conjugate fluid/porous/solid framework. Moreover, modeling of turbulence and turbulent heat and mass transfer becomes essential for many applications. A comprehensive literature review shows a scarcity of models having such capabilities. In this respect, the objectives of the present thesis are to: i) develop a formulation that simulates non-equilibrium heat and mass transfer in conjugate fluid/porous/solid framework, ii) demonstrate the capabilities of the ...


Modeling Of Methane Tank Depressurization In Cold Weather, Brittney Bridger-Burton, Kevin Cole 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Modeling Of Methane Tank Depressurization In Cold Weather, Brittney Bridger-Burton, Kevin Cole

UCARE Research Products

Non-metallic tanks are used in industry to store and transfer gasses such as methane. As the tanks are emptied, the properties of the gas change, causing heat transfer with the tank wall. When emptied while at low temperatures, liquid condensation can form and the tank lining can reach a critically low temperature, causing fracture to the tank wall. In this study, the emptying of methane in cold weather conditions from a non-metallic tank was modelled using Aspen Tech Software. A full tank of methane, at 250 bar and 288 K, was cooled to the following starting temperatures: 263, 253, 243 ...


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