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Heat Transfer, Combustion Commons

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Detailed Velocity And Heat Transfer Measurements In An Advanced Gas Turbine Vane Insert Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry And Infrared Thermometry, Michael Benson, David Bindon CDT'19, Mattias Cooper CDT'19, F. Todd Davidson, Benjamin Duhaime CDT'19, David Helmer, Robert Woodings CDT'19, Bret P. Van Poppel, Christopher J. Elkins, John P. Clark 2022 United States Military Academy

Detailed Velocity And Heat Transfer Measurements In An Advanced Gas Turbine Vane Insert Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry And Infrared Thermometry, Michael Benson, David Bindon Cdt'19, Mattias Cooper Cdt'19, F. Todd Davidson, Benjamin Duhaime Cdt'19, David Helmer, Robert Woodings Cdt'19, Bret P. Van Poppel, Christopher J. Elkins, John P. Clark

West Point Research Papers

This work reports the results of paired experiments for a complex internal cooling flow within a gas turbine vane using magnetic resonance velocimetry (MRV) and steady-state infrared (IR) thermometry. A scaled model of the leading edge insert for a gas turbine vane with multi-pass impingement was designed, built using stereolithography fabrication methods, and tested using MRV techniques to collect a three-dimensional, three-component velocity field data set for a fully turbulent test case. Stagnation and recirculation zones were identified and assessed in terms of impact on potential cooling performance. A paired experiment employed an IR camera to measure the temperature profile ...


Refrigeration & Pressure Circuits For The Test Apparatus On Triaxial Properties Of Polymer Foams At Arctic Temperatures, Nathaniel Ackerman 2022 The University of Akron

Refrigeration & Pressure Circuits For The Test Apparatus On Triaxial Properties Of Polymer Foams At Arctic Temperatures, Nathaniel Ackerman

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The objective of this project is to modify the previous testing apparatus used by Dr. M. Hoo Fatt for exploration of Crushing Behavior of Polymer Foams in Sandwich Structures Operating in Arctic Regions commissioned by the Office of Naval Research and performed under the University of Akron’s Mechanical Engineering testing facilities. To do this, it is required to design a system capable of operating at a constant temperature during a testing cycle, reaching down to -60⁰C. This apparatus must also be compatible with prior equipment, facilities, persons, samples, and media.

Primarily, a copper-tube refrigeration coil design was considered to ...


Multiphase Energetic Experiments: Application Of Multiple Object Tracking, Sarah Davis Finch 2021 Purdue University

Multiphase Energetic Experiments: Application Of Multiple Object Tracking, Sarah Davis Finch

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

The process of using computer vision for multiple-objects tracking is incredibly complex. Thus, simulated data was created to mimic the complexities of more realistic data. These test cases would isolate a few of the inaccuracies of real data and allow the researchers to determine what factor of said data is the most detrimental to the object-tracking process. Due to the large quantity of factors at play, Cotter’s method was used to analyze the significance of each factor. The number of detections and the number of centroids were the main dependent results that were utilized to analyze the data. The ...


Numerical Modeling Of Advanced Propulsion Systems, Peetak P. Mitra 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Numerical Modeling Of Advanced Propulsion Systems, Peetak P. Mitra

Doctoral Dissertations

Numerical modeling of advanced propulsion systems such as the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) is of great interest to the community due to the magnitude of compute/algorithmic challenges. Fuel spray atomization, which determines the rate of fuel-air mixing, is a critical limiting process for the phenomena of combustion within ICEs. Fuel spray atomization has proven to be a formidable challenge for the state-of-the-art numerical models due to its highly transient, multi-scale, and multi-phase nature. Current models for primary atomization employ a high degree of empiricism in the form of model constants. This level of empiricism often reduces the art of ...


Fully-Developed Fire Temperature In A Compartment With Varying Wood Fuel Loads, Keisuke Himoto, Masaki Noaki, Ken Matsuyama 2021 National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management

Fully-Developed Fire Temperature In A Compartment With Varying Wood Fuel Loads, Keisuke Himoto, Masaki Noaki, Ken Matsuyama

Progress in Scale Modeling, an International Journal

Appropriate evaluation of fire behavior during the fully-developed phase is important for assessing the risk of building collapse and fire spread to adjacent buildings. In this study, a series of model experiments was conducted to investigate the fire behavior in compartments with varying wood fuel loads. Under small opening conditions, the increase in the wood fuel load had no notable effect on the heat release rate (HRR), but increased the fire duration and gas temperature. In certain cases, wood surface combustion continued even after flame ejection from the opening had ended, which maintained a high gas temperature for a long ...


Creation Of A Cip Method For The Heat Exchangers At Rolls-Royce, Melanie Howe, Austin Williams, Caroline Dempsey, Bethany Fralick 2021 University of South Carolina - Aiken

Creation Of A Cip Method For The Heat Exchangers At Rolls-Royce, Melanie Howe, Austin Williams, Caroline Dempsey, Bethany Fralick

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Rolls-Royce produces various engines which must be tested prior to their distribution to ensure a high-quality product. The manufacturing plant contains four test cells where the engines can be subjected to high levels of torque and extreme temperatures. A heat exchanger is necessary in this testing system and over time, unwanted waste accumulates on the system’s plates. The team is tasked with developing and implementing a system mounted on a mobile cart which can provide data to determine whether the plates need to be cleaned. For this cleaning system to work, it must fully saturate the heat exchanger in ...


Effects Of Pillar And Sealing Design On Thermal And Mechanical Performance Of Vacuum Insulated Glazing, Wenyuan Zhu 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Pillar And Sealing Design On Thermal And Mechanical Performance Of Vacuum Insulated Glazing, Wenyuan Zhu

Masters Theses

Vacuum insulated glazing with a low-emittance coating has a great market potential as an effective transparent insulator. The thermal insulating performance of VIG is determined by its design, including material selection and configuration of different components. Thermal conductance of the vacuum gap, as a transport bottleneck, is one of the primary factors controlling the thermal transport across VIG. In particular, since support pillars and sealings provide the main thermal transport channels across the vacuum gap, increasing the pillar and sealing thermal resistance is a key strategy for effective thermal insulation, while maintaining the vacuum space and mechanical strength of VIG ...


Thermoelectric Transport In Disordered Organic And Inorganic Semiconductors, Meenakshi Upadhyaya 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Thermoelectric Transport In Disordered Organic And Inorganic Semiconductors, Meenakshi Upadhyaya

Doctoral Dissertations

The need for alternative energy sources has led to extensive research on optimizing the conversion efficiency of thermoelectric (TE) materials. TE efficiency is governed by figure-of-merit (ZT) and it has been an enormously challenging task to increase ZT > 1 despite decades of research due to the interdependence of material properties. Most doped inorganic semiconductors have a high electrical conductivity and moderate Seebeck coefficient, but ZT is still limited by their high lattice thermal conductivity. One approach to address this problem is to decrease thermal conductivity by means of alloying and nanostructuring, another is to consider materials with an inherently low ...


Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair 2021 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair

Publications and Research

Lightning strike protection (LSP) have recently been a newly developing field particularly with the emergence of graphene thin film integration into carbon fiber composite structures. This technology has a widespread application in airplanes, wind turbines, and other instruments which are susceptible to frequent lightning strikes. Electrical discharge of the instrument in a safe manner is vital for the safety of the passengers (in the case of flights) as well as the integrity of the aircraft structures because of their specific mechanical and structural properties, which are essential for their functioning. The purpose of the study is to fabricate graphene thin ...


Electro-Thermal Transport In Two-Dimensional Materials And Their Heterostructures, Arnab K. Majee 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Electro-Thermal Transport In Two-Dimensional Materials And Their Heterostructures, Arnab K. Majee

Doctoral Dissertations

”Smaller is better” is the mantra that has driven semiconductor industry for the past 50 years. The on-going quest for faster electronic switching, higher transistor density, and better device performance, has been driven by a self-fulfilling prophecy popularly known as Moore’s law, according to which the number of transistors per unit area of a chip doubles itself approximately every two years. A modern smartphone has about 8 billion transistors, which is as large as current earth’s population. Although each transistor dissipates negligible power, but the collective power dissipation from all the transistors in an electronic gadget and inefficient ...


Heat And Fluid Flow Downstream Of A Row Of Finite-Height Circular Cylinders, Saarah Akhand 2021 University of Windsor

Heat And Fluid Flow Downstream Of A Row Of Finite-Height Circular Cylinders, Saarah Akhand

Major Papers

Induced turbulence created by a row of finite height cylinders is applicable in different engineering applications, e.g., for promoting convective cooling of solar panel. In this study, flow past a row of 13 side-by-side finite-height circular cylinders having a height-diameter (h/d) ratio of 2 (20mm/10mm) and center to center distance between adjacent cylinders (g) of 2d was scrutinized at a Reynolds number based on cylinder height of 4700 inside a wind tunnel over a flat plate. The flow at 5h and 10h downstream of the cylinder array was characterized using a 2-d hot wire anemometer. To understand ...


Consumer-Ready Insulated Solar Electric Cooker, Simon Ford, Sachin Gokhale, Brendan Lynn, Richard Nguyen 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Consumer-Ready Insulated Solar Electric Cooker, Simon Ford, Sachin Gokhale, Brendan Lynn, Richard Nguyen

Mechanical Engineering

An insulated solar electric cooker, or ISEC, converts solar energy into electricity to cook food, boil water, provide heat or even help charge batteries. In this project, the focus is an ISEC with a phase change material (PCM) that helps store heat when the solar energy input is minimal, such as after the sun has set. Although a successful ISEC already exists that utilizes PCM, this product can be improved in many ways. The specific revisions investigated in this report are the improvement of the thermal efficiency with the implementation of a vacuum-sealed outer pot, the reduction of the overall ...


Tensile Testing Environmental Chamber – Structural, Michael Ingel, Erik Soldenwagner, Austin Marshall, Lauren Schirle 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Tensile Testing Environmental Chamber – Structural, Michael Ingel, Erik Soldenwagner, Austin Marshall, Lauren Schirle

Mechanical Engineering

Environmental chambers for tensile testing machines are used to study how a multitude of materials behave in extreme temperatures. These chambers provide the necessary information to innovate cutting edge technology for materials in fields such as aerospace. These chambers are often heavy and expensive requiring a significant amount of time and money just in the installation process alone. This report will serve to outline and define the design and fabrication of an environmental chamber, conducted by a team of four senior mechanical engineering students at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. The goals of the project include a low-weight ...


Undergraduate Heat Exchanger Laboratory, Seth Addeo CDT'22, Briana Fisk, Bret Van Poppel, Lanny Griffin, Sean Flynn, Liam Ebner, Ashley German, Jeremy Paquin 2021 United States Military Academy

Undergraduate Heat Exchanger Laboratory, Seth Addeo Cdt'22, Briana Fisk, Bret Van Poppel, Lanny Griffin, Sean Flynn, Liam Ebner, Ashley German, Jeremy Paquin

West Point Research Papers

Heat exchangers are a fundamental part of many industrial and household devices, and a focus in the United States Military Academy at West Point’s undergraduate heat transfer course within the school’s Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Recently, the department expanded laboratory capabilities to enhance student learning through hands-on experimentation. Prior to this project, a heat exchanger laboratory did not exist for student use, so a new apparatus was designed, developed, built, tested, and will be implemented as a laboratory experience in West Point’s heat transfer course. The experimental apparatus includes a fan-cooled heat sink, a high-efficiency ...


Desalination For Sustainable Water Production With An Emphasis On Low Pressure Distillation, Jessica Vivian Savage 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Desalination For Sustainable Water Production With An Emphasis On Low Pressure Distillation, Jessica Vivian Savage

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

Freshwater resources depletion is a growing concern. This freshwater scarcity motivates research into seawater desalination as a means for alleviating the stresses on water demands. The primary methods of desalination include filtration and distillation. This paper explores the potential energy savings of vacuum distillation for seawater desalination to reduce the amount of energy needed to achieve phase change.

Depending on the vacuum boiler design, the vaporization mechanism may be boiling, evaporation, or cavitation. There is very little literature on cavitation that involves mass transfer, so cavitation is not developed here. This thesis focuses on standard models for boiling and evaporation ...


Thermal Testing And Characterization Of Nanoparticles Synthesized For Biological Treatment, Tonie Butler 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Thermal Testing And Characterization Of Nanoparticles Synthesized For Biological Treatment, Tonie Butler

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The overall goal of this research project is to synthesize iron core, silica capped nanoparticles that, when they are exposed to a particular magnetic field, will react by increasing in temperature and emitting substantial thermal output. They will be injected into the human body for biological benefit by targeted thermal radiation. Once in the human body, ideally, they will be able to target a specific area, and then a magnetic field will be applied to induce thermal output through the process of hyperthermia. As the nanoparticles emit heat, they will mimic the natural bodily behavior seen by way of hyperthermia ...


Characterization Of Near Isothermal Compression And Expansion For Energy Storage, Saiid Kassaee 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Characterization Of Near Isothermal Compression And Expansion For Energy Storage, Saiid Kassaee

Doctoral Dissertations

As the global share of electricity generation from intermittent renewable energy sources increases, developing efficient and scalable electricity storage technologies becomes critical to modernizing the grid, matching the supply and demand, and raising the capacity factor of renewable generation. The Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) is an efficient energy storage technology invented at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). GLIDES stores energy by compressing gas using a liquid piston in pressure vessels benefiting from employing hydraulic turbomachinery which are more efficient than gas turbomachinery. Therefore, GLIDES has higher round-trip efficiency (RTE) than Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES). Since GLIDES employs ...


Feasibility Study Of Portable Solar Powered Blood Storing Refrigerator, Saroj Subedi 2021 University of Mississippi

Feasibility Study Of Portable Solar Powered Blood Storing Refrigerator, Saroj Subedi

Honors Theses

This report is focused on the preliminary feasibility of portable solar-powered blood-storing refrigerators primarily based on calculations of energy required to maintain the temperature of the refrigerator, the electricity required throughout the day, calculating sufficiency of power supplied by the solar panel, and selection of battery for power storage. The method and the trend of a feasibility study involve the study of blood properties, separation of blood components after donation, and their storage conditions. Then, the portable size of the refrigeration has been proposed with three different compartments for storage of each blood component. The further methods involve the selection ...


Experimental Investigation Of Spray Cooling/Heating Of A Near-Isothermal Hydro-Pneumatic Energy Storage System, Saiid Kassaee 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Experimental Investigation Of Spray Cooling/Heating Of A Near-Isothermal Hydro-Pneumatic Energy Storage System, Saiid Kassaee

Masters Theses

Proposing experimental investigation of spray cooling/heating of a near-isothermal, scalable, efficient, high density, hydro-pneumatic integrated energy storage system; capable of spray cooling/heating during gas compression/expansion and capable of excess heat integration. The invented Ground-Level Integrated Diverse Energy Storage (GLIDES) is an energy storage technology capable of storing energy in high-pressure vessel using hydro-pneumatic concept. Indicated roundtrip efficiencies of 98% can be reached using the proposed technology marking an isothermal compression/expansion energy storage.


Enercon Station Vacuum Pump Replacement, Clint Hembree, Jared D'Amico, Connor Moore, Paul Jeffrey Fontenot, Sydnee Castello, J.J. Clements 2021 Kennesaw State University

Enercon Station Vacuum Pump Replacement, Clint Hembree, Jared D'Amico, Connor Moore, Paul Jeffrey Fontenot, Sydnee Castello, J.J. Clements

Senior Design Project For Engineers

This details the progress of the ENERCON pump replacement project as completed by the Kennesaw State University interdisciplinary senior design group. This project is a two-semester capstone effort for the engineering program at Southern Polytechnic School of Engineering, overseen by Dr. McFall during Fall 2020 and Dr. Khalid during Spring 2021 semesters. The 2020-2021 KSU Interdisciplinary Senior Design team was tasked with completing an Engineering Change Package (ECP) for existing vacuum pumps at ENERCON Station. The mechanical, electrical, and civil students worked together, performing evaluations on existing plant systems to ensure the plant could support the new vacuum pumps. By ...


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