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Biogas Combustion Characteristics In A Concentric Flow Slot Burner: Effects Of Co2 Concentration On Stability And Flame Structure, Maged Kiriakos 2023 American University in Cairo

Biogas Combustion Characteristics In A Concentric Flow Slot Burner: Effects Of Co2 Concentration On Stability And Flame Structure, Maged Kiriakos

Theses and Dissertations

Biogas combustion is affected by the concentration of carbon dioxide. The successful applications of Biogas as a sustainable renewable alternative fuel produced from waste depend on its combustion stability, heat release, and pollution level. The aim of the current study is to apply new combustion technology and study the stability and combustion characteristics of natural gas with different percentages of carbon dioxide from 0 to 40% simulating biogas fuel. The stability characteristics and the temperature profiles of turbulent planar flames at different levels mixture inhomogeneity are investigated and presented in this work. The flames are created in a newly developed …


Three-Component Composite Phase-Change Material For Thermal Regulation, Bidisha Ojha 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Three-Component Composite Phase-Change Material For Thermal Regulation, Bidisha Ojha

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Phase change materials can increase the efficiency of many energy-intensive applications, such as solar power plants, solar heating and cooling systems, heat recovery systems, photovoltaic electricity systems, and Earth satellite systems. In several proposed thermal management systems for high power electronic equipment, PCMs change phase and absorb latent heat at peak energy loads during operation, then dissipate this energy later to prevent overheating. More specifically, composite PCM’s, consisting of an organic material (e.g., paraffin) and an inorganic material (e.g., metallic alloys or salt hydrates), provide a superior balance of thermal conductivity and latent heat for thermal management. Organic PCMs have …


Engineering The Spectrum Of Near-Field Thermal Radiation, Saman Zare 2022 University of Maine

Engineering The Spectrum Of Near-Field Thermal Radiation, Saman Zare

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Thermal emission observed at sub-wavelength distances from the thermal source is referred to as near-field thermal radiation. Thermal radiation in the near-field regime can exceed Planck’s blackbody limit by orders of magnitude and be quasi-monochromatic. Due to these unique properties, near-field thermal radiation is very promising for several thermal management and energy harvesting applications. Many of these applications, such as nanogap thermophotovoltaics and thermal rectification, require near-field spectra that are not found among natural materials. Artificial metamaterials, which are engineered at the sub-wavelength scale, have been theoretically proposed for tuning the spectrum of near-field thermal radiation. However, engineering the near-field …


Design, Development And Evaluation Of The Ruggedized Edge Computing Node (Recon), Sahil Girin Patel 2022 Mississippi State University

Design, Development And Evaluation Of The Ruggedized Edge Computing Node (Recon), Sahil Girin Patel

Theses and Dissertations

The increased quality and quantity of sensors provide an ever-increasing capability to collect large quantities of high-quality data in the field. Research devoted to translating that data is progressing rapidly; however, translating field data into usable information can require high performance computing capabilities. While high performance computing (HPC) resources are available in centralized facilities, bandwidth, latency, security and other limitations inherent to edge location in field sensor applications may prevent HPC resources from being used in a timely fashion necessary for potential United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) field applications. To address these limitations, the design requirements for RECON …


Multiscale Investigation Of Freeze Cast Process And Ion Transport For Graphene Aerogel Electrodes, Yu-Kai Weng 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Multiscale Investigation Of Freeze Cast Process And Ion Transport For Graphene Aerogel Electrodes, Yu-Kai Weng

Doctoral Dissertations

Effective use of renewable energy resources has been regarded as the most promising solution to climate emergency and energy crisis. However, the fluctuating and intermittent nature of renewable resources causes stability issues in the electric grid. High-capacity electrical energy storage is essential to stabilize the electric power supply using renewable resources. Among various types of energy storage systems, organic redox flow battery (ORFB) has attracted attentions due to their high stability, flexibility, low cost, and environmental compatibility, but the performance of the ORFB still needs a significant improvement due to their low energy or current density. Specifically, even though the …


Multiple Heat Exchanger Cooling System For Automotive Applications – Design, Mathematical Modeling, And Experimental Observations, Zaker Syed 2022 Clemson University

Multiple Heat Exchanger Cooling System For Automotive Applications – Design, Mathematical Modeling, And Experimental Observations, Zaker Syed

All Dissertations

The design of the automotive cooling systems has slowly evolved from engine-driven mechanical to computer-controlled electro-mechanical components. With the addition of computer-controlled variable speed actuators, cooling system architectures have been updated to maximize performance and efficiency. By switching from one large radiator to multiple smaller radiators with individual flow control valves, the heat rejection requirements may be precisely adjusted. The combination of computer regulated thermal management system should reduce power consumption while satisfying temperature control objectives. This research focuses on developing and analyzing a multi-radiator system architecture for implementation in ground transportation applications. The premise is to use a single …


Solar Chimney Power Plants: A Mini Review, Ahmed Reda, Waseem Salah, Ahmed Suwailem, Shehab Eldin Ahmed, Omar Lasheen, Amira Elkodama, Moustafa R. Shousha, Amr Ismaiel, Anas A. Rahman 2022 Future University in Egypt

Solar Chimney Power Plants: A Mini Review, Ahmed Reda, Waseem Salah, Ahmed Suwailem, Shehab Eldin Ahmed, Omar Lasheen, Amira Elkodama, Moustafa R. Shousha, Amr Ismaiel, Anas A. Rahman

Future Engineering Journal

The main investigations of a novel solar thermal application known as SCPP are summarized in this paper. It is a method of producing electricity from solar energy that relies on the fact that air rises when it is heated. An adequate position within a tall chimney can be utilized to position a turbine to turn it, creating an updraft that can be used to generate power. This system's specifications, design, construction, and use are all covered in the paper along with experimental and analytical research related to it. It also emphasizes the development and execution of SCPP programs.


Biomass Characterization And Insulation Optimization Studies, Hussein Awad Kurdi Saad 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Biomass Characterization And Insulation Optimization Studies, Hussein Awad Kurdi Saad

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

This study indicates how biomass materials can be effectively used as naturally sustainable alternatives to insulation materials. Barley grains and oak leaves, straw, and jute are collected, and crushed into powders/ chopped pieces. The physical characteristics are measured to characterize each powder. The biomass powder reinforced composites are manufactured in varying weight ratios. The density and thermal conductivity of composite materials are measured. The properties of composites compared to those of commercial insulation materials are found to be close to them. Furthermore, genetic algorithms (GA) can be used to achieve multi-objective optimization entailing maximizing insulation (minimizing heat transfer) and simultaneously …


Sculpting Charge In Graphene Through Patterned Strain, Dylan J. Balter, Jenna Smith 2022 Purdue University

Sculpting Charge In Graphene Through Patterned Strain, Dylan J. Balter, Jenna Smith

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Hypoxic Incubation Chamber, Simone Lisette Helfrich, Makenzie Nicole Jones 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Hypoxic Incubation Chamber, Simone Lisette Helfrich, Makenzie Nicole Jones

Biomedical Engineering: Graduate Reports and Projects

This paper describes the design, manufacturing, and testing of a novel controllable hypoxic incubator with fully functional oxygen gas control and temperature control in a humid environment. On the current market, a majority of the few hypoxic incubators use pre-mixed gas that does not offer precise control over gas concentration. The objective for this project was to create a chamber that allows the user to set the O2 concentration to varying set points of % O2 while maintaining the chamber at a constant body temperature, CO2 level, humidity, and sterility. To start the project, multiple concepts were developed for the …


How Dynamic Adsorption Controls Surfactant‑Enhanced Boiling, Mario R. Mata, Brandon Ortiz, Dhruv Luhar, Vesper Evereux, H. Jeremy Cho 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

How Dynamic Adsorption Controls Surfactant‑Enhanced Boiling, Mario R. Mata, Brandon Ortiz, Dhruv Luhar, Vesper Evereux, H. Jeremy Cho

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Comprehensive Review Of Heat Transfer Correlations Of Supercritical Co2 In Straight Tubes Near The Critical Point: A Historical Perspective, Douglas C. Lopes, Yang Chao, Vinusha Dasarla, Neil P. Sullivan, Mark Ricklick, Sandra Boetcher, Douglas Cabrera Lopes 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Comprehensive Review Of Heat Transfer Correlations Of Supercritical Co2 In Straight Tubes Near The Critical Point: A Historical Perspective, Douglas C. Lopes, Yang Chao, Vinusha Dasarla, Neil P. Sullivan, Mark Ricklick, Sandra Boetcher, Douglas Cabrera Lopes

Publications

An exhaustive review was undertaken to assemble all available correlations for supercritical CO2 in straight, round tubes of any orientation with special attention paid to how the wildly varying fluid properties near the critical point are handled. The assemblage of correlations, and subsequent discussion, is presented from a historical perspective, starting from pioneering work on the topic in the 1950s to the modern day. Despite the growing sophistication of sCO2 heat transfer correlations, modern correlations are still only generally applicable over a relatively small range of operating conditions, and there has not been a substantial increase in predictive capabilities. Recently, …


Numerical Investigation Of Flow And Thermal Behavior In Channels With Pcm-Filled Thermal Energy Storage Columns For Potential Application In Photobioreactors, Sameed Akber 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Investigation Of Flow And Thermal Behavior In Channels With Pcm-Filled Thermal Energy Storage Columns For Potential Application In Photobioreactors, Sameed Akber

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Microalgae has been identified as a potential source in the production of biofuel. Photobioreactors, which are used for microalgae production, normally experience temperature variations over the diurnal cycle due to changes in ambient conditions. The thermal regulation of photobioreactors to minimize temperature variations will result in a higher yield of microalgae, which are sensitive to such variations. The present research is aimed to investigate a novel approach to thermally regulate photobioreactors using phase change materials (PCM) where the latent heat of the material is exploited as the energy storage. The present research uses a numerical approach to study the flow …


Numerical Modeling Of Localized Heating In Continuous Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Laminates, James T. Gayton 2022 University of Maine

Numerical Modeling Of Localized Heating In Continuous Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Laminates, James T. Gayton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The manufacturing of continuous fiber-reinforced thermoplastic (CFRTP) laminates requires the application of heat and pressure. Standard CFRTP manufacturing methods like thermoforming take a global approach to manufacturing, where the whole part is heated and undergoes a forming process. There is an opportunity to develop advanced manufacturing methods based on localized heating and deformations of consolidated stock. This thesis provides a localized heating method via networks of resistive heating elements embedded within the laminate and a means to evaluate that method.

Typical heating methods for CFRTP laminates include infrared and convective ovens or surface contact heaters. They have the same drawbacks …


Flow And Thermal Transport In Additively Manufactured Metal Lattices Based On Novel Unit-Cell Topologies, Inderjot Kaur 2022 Mississippi Sate University

Flow And Thermal Transport In Additively Manufactured Metal Lattices Based On Novel Unit-Cell Topologies, Inderjot Kaur

Theses and Dissertations

The emergence of metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) over the last two decades has opened venues to mitigate the challenges associated with stochastic open-cell metal foams manufactured through the traditional foaming process. Regular lattices with user-defined unit cell topologies have been reported to exhibit better mechanical properties in comparison to metal foams which extend their applicability to multifunctional heat exchangers subjected to both thermal and mechanical loads. The current study aims at investigating the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of promising novel unit cell topologies realizable through AM technologies. Experimental investigation was conducted on four different topologies, viz (a) Octet, (b) Face-diagonal (FD) cube, …


Heat Pipes With Arbitrary Boundary Conditions, Katrina Sweetland 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Heat Pipes With Arbitrary Boundary Conditions, Katrina Sweetland

Doctoral Dissertations

Heat pipes passively transfer heat in numerous applications. Traditionally one side of the heat pipe is coupled to a heat source (evaporator) while the opposite side is coupled to a heat sink (condenser). This configuration has working fluid stagnation points at each end of the heat pipe. Other configurations may also prove useful, such as heat pipes with multiple evaporators or multiple condensers. In such heat pipes, additional working fluid stagnation points form at locations dependent on the configuration of the thermal boundary conditions. These stagnation points divide the heat pipe into multiple cells that each have an evaporator and …


Development And Applications Of A Sensor For Measurement Of Different Modes Of Heat Transfer On Foods In A Residential Oven., Kervins Petit-Bois 2022 University of Louisville

Development And Applications Of A Sensor For Measurement Of Different Modes Of Heat Transfer On Foods In A Residential Oven., Kervins Petit-Bois

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Thermal characterization of an oven is an important part of designing an oven. Understanding how changes in cooking algorithm, oven construction, and oven materials affect cooking performance is critical in ensuring that an oven is properly designed. Often temperature data is used to characterize oven behavior, but this neglects the mode of heat transfer used to achieve these temperatures. Several studies have compared the different modes of heat transfer and cooking performance and have shown that cooking performance in radiation dominated modes are different than in convection dominated modes. The goal of this study is to develop a heat flux …


Direct Numerical Simulation Of Supercritical Co2 Mixing And Combustion, Syed Mohammad Ovais 2022 Clemson University

Direct Numerical Simulation Of Supercritical Co2 Mixing And Combustion, Syed Mohammad Ovais

All Dissertations

The supercritical CO2 power cycle (sCO2 ) is a relatively new technology, which promises to reduce CO2 emissions with potentially higher efficiencies. However due to challenging conditions posed by supercritical pressures, the mixing and ignition phenomena in sCO2 combustion is relatively less understood and studied. The primary objective of the current study is to investigate these fundamental processes using homogeneous ignition calculations (HMI) and direct numerical simulations (DNS). Broadly, the study is divided into two major parts. In the first part supercritical mixing in sCO2 relevant conditions is investigated. To achieve this, DNS of temporally …


Experimental Evaluation Of Heat Leak From Anti-Sweat Components Into Fresh Food And Freezer Compartments Of A Household Refrigerator., Delva Felissaint 2022 University of Louisville

Experimental Evaluation Of Heat Leak From Anti-Sweat Components Into Fresh Food And Freezer Compartments Of A Household Refrigerator., Delva Felissaint

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Condensation beads forming on outside surfaces around a refrigerator is an undesirable byproduct driven by the cold temperature exhibited throughout the unit. To combat this issue, anti-sweat components usually in the form of electrical heaters or tubes carrying hot refrigerant, bring heat to the cold surfaces to ensure their temperatures do not drop below the dew point. Some heat produced by the anti-sweat components may transfer to the interior refrigerated compartment. The purpose of this study is to quantify how much heat from the anti-sweat components are entering the fresh food and freezer compartments and what impact that has on …


Predictive Thermal Modeling And Characterization Of Ultrasonic Consolidation Process For Thermoplastic Composites, Madeline Kirby 2022 Louisiana State University

Predictive Thermal Modeling And Characterization Of Ultrasonic Consolidation Process For Thermoplastic Composites, Madeline Kirby

LSU Master's Theses

Ultrasonic consolidation (USC) of thermoplastic composites (TPCs) is a highly attractive and promising method to manufacture high-performance composites. This work focuses on USC of dry carbon fiber (CF) fabrics with high-temperature polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) films. Experimental trials to assess feasibility of the process are time-consuming. Consequently, a predictive thermal model would facilitate process parameters selection to reduce expensive trial-and-error approaches. This paper presents a 2D finite element model of samples under consolidation, incorporating equations for viscoelastic heating, matrix phase change, and material properties. Theoretical temperature profiles for nodes of interest were compared to the corresponding experimental temperature curves for various …


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