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P26. Global Exponential Stabilization On So(3), Soulaimane Berkane 2017 sberkane@uwo.ca

P26. Global Exponential Stabilization On So(3), Soulaimane Berkane

Western Research Forum

Global Exponential Stabilization on SO(3)


Constraints On Acoustic Signaling Among Birds Breeding In Secondary Cavities: The Effects Of Weather, Cavity Material, And Noise On Sound Propagation, John P. Swaddle, Caitlin R. Kight, Saji Perera, Eduardo Davila-Reyes, Shena Sikora 2017 College of William and Mary

Constraints On Acoustic Signaling Among Birds Breeding In Secondary Cavities: The Effects Of Weather, Cavity Material, And Noise On Sound Propagation, John P. Swaddle, Caitlin R. Kight, Saji Perera, Eduardo Davila-Reyes, Shena Sikora

John Swaddle

Increasing evidence suggests that anthropogenic noise from urbanization affects animal acoustic communication. We investigated whether the begging calls of nestling Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) varied along a disturbance gradient of ambient noise. Contrary to our prediction and the results of a previous study of nestling Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), we found that nestling Eastern Bluebirds did not increase the amplitude or structural characteristics—including frequency, rate, and duration—of their vocalizations in response to ambient noise. However, we found that prevalent temperature and humidity conditions attenuated begging calls. Specifically, in warmer, more humid weather, vocalizations of nestling Eastern Bluebirds attenuated ...


Development Of An Excel® Rocket Simuator For Application In Middle School, High School, And University Stem Education, Melvin Lee Hortman 2017 Central Washington University

Development Of An Excel® Rocket Simuator For Application In Middle School, High School, And University Stem Education, Melvin Lee Hortman

All Master's Theses

Water rocket activities are one of the most popular STEM activities used in primary, secondary, and higher education yet are void of engineering, though engineering is heavily implied in the STEM acronym. This study investigated the amount of engineering present in water rocket activities, and options for emphasizing engineering more in water rocket activities using an open-platform flight simulator for use by educators to enable students to predict flight parameters of a water rocket they designed, and test those predictions against experimental data. The simulator was constructed in Excel® with many functions, but the function validated in this study was ...


Active Management Assistant System For Embry-Riddle Ecocar 3 Hybrid Supervisory Control System, Matthew Nelson, Blair Cutting, Michael J. Aleardi 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Active Management Assistant System For Embry-Riddle Ecocar 3 Hybrid Supervisory Control System, Matthew Nelson, Blair Cutting, Michael J. Aleardi

Student Works

The Embry-Riddle EcoCAR 3 team is developing a prototype hybrid Chevrolet Camaro utilizing a customized vehicle powertrain controller. This controller is serving to ensure system safety, vehicle operation, and consumer drivability while also incorporating advanced driving aids to achieve both the desired performance levels one expects from a Camaro as well as vehicle efficiency. This vehicle must reach the team set vehicle technical specifications of a 4.9 second 0 to 60 time while maintaining a 53 miles per gallon gasoline equivalence rating.

In order to reach the efficiency goal, the team is developing an Active Management Assistance System utilizing ...


3-Axis Automated Probe Traverse For Aerodynamic Testing, Tananant Boonya-ananta, Ricky Wai, Zander Oostman, Teyvon Brooks 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

3-Axis Automated Probe Traverse For Aerodynamic Testing, Tananant Boonya-Ananta, Ricky Wai, Zander Oostman, Teyvon Brooks

Mechanical Engineering

Our primary objective is to design, build, and test an automated traverse to hold measurement probes in Cal Poly’s low speed wind tunnel. The device should cause minimal flow disturbance. It’s movements must be able to cover eighty percent of the three-dimensional test section. The device should have a mounting point for interchangeable probes. The assembly is to be integrated with the current frame structure on the wind tunnel test section, and should allow very minimal deflection of the measurement probe. The user should be able to control the motion of the traverse via a computer interface which ...


Design Of A Flexible Control Platform And Miniature In Vivo Robots For Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site Surgeries, Lou P. Cubrich 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Design Of A Flexible Control Platform And Miniature In Vivo Robots For Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site Surgeries, Lou P. Cubrich

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Minimally-invasive laparoscopic procedures have proven efficacy for a wide range of surgical procedures as well as benefits such as reducing scarring, infection, recovery time, and post-operative pain. While the procedures have many advantages, there are significant shortcomings such as limited instrument motion and reduced dexterity. In recent years, robotic surgical technology has overcome some of these limitations and has become an effective tool for many types of surgeries. These robotic platforms typically have an increased workspace, greater dexterity, improved ergonomics, and finer control than traditional laparoscopic methods. This thesis presents the designs of both a four degree-of-freedom (DOF) and 5-DOF ...


Dynamic Responses Of Wheel-Rail Systems With Block Dampers, TzuYu Tseng 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Dynamic Responses Of Wheel-Rail Systems With Block Dampers, Tzuyu Tseng

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The wheel-rail interaction problem has been widely studied in the past few decades. In this problem, dynamic responses at the contact areas remain the central issue since they induce damage to the rail over time. In particular, the dynamic responses at the contact areas between the wheels and rails present difficulties in understanding and mathematical modeling. Even with the computer power one has today, its mathematical modeling employs the versatile numerical analysis method, the finite element method (FEM) remains a formidable challenge due to its extremely small contact areas and in turn the extremely high stress levels. In addition, friction ...


Dynamic Monitoring And Life Prediction Of Internal Strain-Gage Balances, David Leon Yoder 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Dynamic Monitoring And Life Prediction Of Internal Strain-Gage Balances, David Leon Yoder

Masters Theses

Wind tunnel test customers continue to push the limits by producing air vehicle designs that produce high aerodynamic loads at the desired test conditions. These loads are a combination of steady aerodynamic, unsteady aerodynamic, and inertial forces. A methodology to monitor the health of a wind tunnel strain-gage balance has been developed. The objective of this methodology is to define the stress limits of the balance and monitor these limits so the balance can be safely tested without failure of the balance. A balance failure could result in costly damage to the wind tunnel model, support system, and the wind ...


Implementation And Performance Evaluation Of Acoustic Denoising Algorithms For Uav, Ahmed Sony Kamal Chowdhury 2016 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Implementation And Performance Evaluation Of Acoustic Denoising Algorithms For Uav, Ahmed Sony Kamal Chowdhury

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become popular alternative for wildlife monitoring and border surveillance applications. Elimination of the UAV’s background noise and classifying the target audio signal effectively are still a major challenge. The main goal of this thesis is to remove UAV’s background noise by means of acoustic denoising techniques. Existing denoising algorithms, such as Adaptive Least Mean Square (LMS), Wavelet Denoising, Time-Frequency Block Thresholding, and Wiener Filter, were implemented and their performance evaluated. The denoising algorithms were evaluated for average Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), Segmental SNR (SSNR), Log Likelihood Ratio (LLR), and Log Spectral Distance ...


Bridge Damage Detection Using Spatiotemporal Patterns Extracted From Dense Sensor Network, Chao Liu, Yongqiang Gong, Simon Laflamme, Brent M. Phares, Soumik Sarkar 2016 Iowa State University

Bridge Damage Detection Using Spatiotemporal Patterns Extracted From Dense Sensor Network, Chao Liu, Yongqiang Gong, Simon Laflamme, Brent M. Phares, Soumik Sarkar

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The alarmingly degrading state of transportation infrastructures combined with their key societal and economic importance calls for automatic condition assessment methods to facilitate smart management of maintenance and repairs. With the advent of ubiquitous sensing and communication capabilities, scalable data-driven approaches is of great interest, as it can utilize large volume of streaming data without requiring detailed physical models that can be inaccurate and computationally expensive to run. Properly designed, a data-driven methodology could enable fast and automatic evaluation of infrastructures, discovery of causal dependencies among various sub-system dynamic responses, and decision making with uncertainties and lack of labeled data ...


A Bioinspired Modification For Uas Propeller/Rotor Noise Reduction, Mark N. Callender 2016 Middle Tennessee State University

A Bioinspired Modification For Uas Propeller/Rotor Noise Reduction, Mark N. Callender

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

This projects presents a bioinspired modification to UAS propellers/rotors for noise reduction. Sound pressure levels (SPL) and thrust for modified propellers were compared to a baseline propeller. The bioinspired modification yielded lower SPL with a requisite increase in rpm in order to maintain a chosen level of thrust.


The Simulation For Ultrasonic Testing Based On Frequency-Phase Coded Excitation, JiaYing Zhang, WenLong Tian, Tie Gang, Sen Cong, ZhaoYang Sheng 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

The Simulation For Ultrasonic Testing Based On Frequency-Phase Coded Excitation, Jiaying Zhang, Wenlong Tian, Tie Gang, Sen Cong, Zhaoyang Sheng

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Frequency Based Noise Coherence-Function Extension And Application To Passive Bottom-Loss Estimation, Lanfranco Muzi, Martin Siderius, Peter L. Nielsen 2016 Portland State University

Frequency Based Noise Coherence-Function Extension And Application To Passive Bottom-Loss Estimation, Lanfranco Muzi, Martin Siderius, Peter L. Nielsen

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Accurate modeling of acoustic propagation in the ocean waveguide is important to SONAR-performance prediction. Particularly in shallow waters, a crucial contribution to the total transmission loss is the bottom refection loss, which can be estimated passively by beamforming the natural surface-noise acoustic field recorded by a vertical line array of hydrophones. However, the performance in this task of arrays below 2 m of length is problematic for frequencies below 10 kHz" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px ...


Sound Data Collection And Transmission Noise Reduction, Bradley Cockrel 2016 Western Kentucky University

Sound Data Collection And Transmission Noise Reduction, Bradley Cockrel

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The WKU Engineering Department Senior Student Team, The Synchronizers, has been contracted to modify a MTD transmission’s sound characteristics. This project entails developing a sound data acquisition apparatus and method, developing a sound test stand which will fully load the transmission and load characteristics, and suggesting modes of sound modification. The Sound Data Acquisition method entails using a specialized microphone calibrated to operate on IOS devices to measure Sound Intensity. The sound intensity will be found over a collective area, in order to evaluate to the sound power generated. The sound test stand will consist of a system designed ...


Dynamic Behavior Of A Clamped-Clamped Bi-Stable Laminate For Energy Harvesting, Ajay V. Kumar, Andres F. Arrieta Ph.D., Myungwon Hwang 2016 Purdue University

Dynamic Behavior Of A Clamped-Clamped Bi-Stable Laminate For Energy Harvesting, Ajay V. Kumar, Andres F. Arrieta Ph.D., Myungwon Hwang

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Multi-stable laminates have many applications in morphing structures, energy harvesting devices, and metamaterials due to the specific characteristics attributed to the exhibited stable states. Changes between stable states allow for large deflections, on-demand variation of the stiffness of compliant structures embedded within these elements, and control of effective dynamic properties in periodic lattices. These changes in state can be accessed via a snap-through instability triggered by introducing a well-defined activation energy. The resulting oscillations could enable broadband energy harvesting via piezoelectric transduction and resistive circuits. In this paper, a clamped-clamped bi-stable laminate is studied to understand the behavior of the ...


The Effect Of Honeycomb Cavity: Acoustic Performance Of A Double-Leaf Micro Perforated Panel, Yuxian Huang, Kai Ming Li 2016 Purdue University

The Effect Of Honeycomb Cavity: Acoustic Performance Of A Double-Leaf Micro Perforated Panel, Yuxian Huang, Kai Ming Li

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

A micro perforated panel (MPP) is a device consisting of a thin plate and submillimeter perforations for reducing low frequency noise. MPPs have many advantages compared to traditional sound absorption materials, such as durability and designability, and they can be used in a variety of places such as room interior designs, passenger and crew compartments of aircrafts and combustion engines. The models in this study were designed and fabricated with the latest 3-D printing technology. The transmission loss and sound absorption coefficient of the 3-D printed double-leaf MPPs with honeycomb cavities were studied. According to the established theory, MPPs work ...


The Influence Of Thermal Conditions On The Thermomechanics Of Particulate-Composite, Mock Explosive Samples Under Near-Resonant Excitation, Jaylon B. Tucker, Allison R. Range, Jeffrey F. Rhoads 2016 Purdue University

The Influence Of Thermal Conditions On The Thermomechanics Of Particulate-Composite, Mock Explosive Samples Under Near-Resonant Excitation, Jaylon B. Tucker, Allison R. Range, Jeffrey F. Rhoads

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Vapor detection is one of the most effective ways to find hidden plastic-bonded explosives in the field today. In recent years, it has been demonstrated that providing near-resonant vibratory excitation to explosives dramatically increases their vapor pressure, allowing for easier detection. Unfortunately, there currently exists a limited understanding of the thermomechanics of energetic material. This study seeks to help fill this technical void by exploring the thermomechanics of mock plastic-bonded explosives using direct mechanical excitation with varying thermal conditions. Using two different ambient thermal boundary conditions (insulated geometric boundaries and boundaries with free convection), a 7" by 10" by 0 ...


Development Of Data Analytics Tools For Acoustic Measurement Of Positive Displacement Machines, Dan Ding, Monika Ivantysynova, Paul Kalbfleisch 2016 Purdue University

Development Of Data Analytics Tools For Acoustic Measurement Of Positive Displacement Machines, Dan Ding, Monika Ivantysynova, Paul Kalbfleisch

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Noise control is an important factor in evaluating the design of positive displacement machines. This research project aims to develop new tools in MATLAB, with emphasis on visual approaches, to comprehensively characterize the noise generated by positive displacement machines in spatial, temporal and frequency domains. Sound pressure level (SPL), sound intensity level (SIL) and loudness were calculated and plotted on a measurement surface surrounding the pump, which illustrates the spatial distribution of the sound field. In order to highlight the phenomenon within specific frequency bands, Butterworth filters were used to isolate desired frequencies, such that specific harmonic content or 1 ...


Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper studies strong delay-independent stability of linear time-invariant systems. It is known that delay-independent stability of time-delay systems is equivalent to some frequency-dependent linear matrix inequalities. To reduce or eliminate conservatism of stability criteria, the frequency domain is discretized into several sub-intervals, and piecewise constant Lyapunov matrices are employed to analyze the frequency-dependent stability condition. Applying the generalized Kalman–Yakubovich–Popov lemma, new necessary and sufficient criteria are then obtained for strong delay-independent stability of systems with a single delay. The effectiveness of the proposed method is illustrated by a numerical example.


Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood

Doctoral Dissertations

An estimate of the United States wind potential conducted in 2011 found that the energy available at an altitude of 80 meters is approximately triple the wind energy available 50 meters above ground. In 2012, 43% of all new electricity generation installed in the U.S. (13.1 GW) came from wind power. The majority of this power, 79%, comes from large utility scale turbines that are being manufactured at unprecedented sizes. Existing wind plants operate with a capacity factor of only approximately 30%. Measurements have shown that the turbulent wake of a turbine persists for many rotor diameters, inducing ...


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