Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History of Philosophy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,275 Full-Text Articles 611 Authors 291,404 Downloads 86 Institutions

All Articles in History of Philosophy

Faceted Search

1,275 full-text articles. Page 1 of 27.

The Psychology Of Plato's Republic: Taking Book 10 Into Account, Daniel Mailick 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Psychology Of Plato's Republic: Taking Book 10 Into Account, Daniel Mailick

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Three puzzles motivate this dissertation. First, how much does Republic Book 10 contribute to the dialogue’s main argument? For centuries, commentators have found Book 10 to be a puzzling and disappointing conclusion to the dialogue. The second puzzle is the important and still much debated question of whether Plato considered the parts of the soul to be independent and agent-like (as ‘realists’ interpret the dialogue) or not (as ‘deflationists’ argue). The third puzzle regards an issue that is much less discussed in the literature, namely the Republic’s notion of character. On the one hand, Socrates never launches an ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Plato's Parmenides: On Being And Non-Being, Syed Husain 2018 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Plato's Parmenides: On Being And Non-Being, Syed Husain

Student Theses

In this paper I will discuss the Eight Hypotheses in Plato's Parmenides and draw out my own conclusion from them without any external help or secondary literature. I will then use this conclusion to address problems concerning the Parmenides in the Platonic Scholarship. The main conclusion I have drawn is that the Hypotheses are closing the gulf between Being and Non-Being via the concepts of Sameness, Difference, Becoming, Time and the Instant. In addition, the confluence of Being and Non-Being illuminates a subsidiary conclusion of this text possessing grounds for a new metaphysical presupposition of Being-Non-Being. I propose in ...


On Hypothetical Contracts, Karim Barakat 2018 Duquesne University

On Hypothetical Contracts, Karim Barakat

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

My dissertation develops a critique of Rawlsian social contract theory by arguing that the normative component of democratic practices must be grounded in nonpolitical reasons. With John Rawls’s rights-based approach, social contract theory has strongly resurfaced by focusing on consent as the basic condition for the formation of a just state. The emphasis on agreement leads Rawls to exclude historical, religious, or philosophical reasons from justifying the ideal conception of justice. Consequently, Rawls completely separates politics from any nonpolitical grounding. I argue, however that Rawls’s project cannot account for its normative commitments unless it makes use of a ...


Ernst Blochs Utopischer Nietzsche: Von Der Tragödien- Zur Marxismustheorie, Ursula Beata Baur 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Ernst Blochs Utopischer Nietzsche: Von Der Tragödien- Zur Marxismustheorie, Ursula Beata Baur

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ernst Bloch, bekannt als neomarxistischer Querdenker, sieht das utopische und lebensbejahende Potenzial seiner Philosophie bereits in Friedrich Nietzsches Denken angelegt. Dessen widerstreitende, aber sich dennoch komplementär ergänzende Konzepte des „Apollinischen“ und „Dionysischen“ interpretiert und erweitert Bloch für seine Hoffnungslehren. Die Thesis widmet sich der Fragestellung, inwiefern Nietzsches Begriffspaar bei Bloch verstanden und politisiert wird und welcher Mehrwert durch diese Analyse entsteht. Bloch entlehnt von Nietzsche vor allem seine Dionysos-Figur, die er als das rebellierende Subjekt gegen das geschlossene Objektivsystem des Staatsmarxismus seiner Zeit setzt. Dabei vernachlässigt er den anti-individuellen und allvereinenden Aspekt des Dionysischen, eröffnet aber so eine Perspektive auf ...


A Four-Legged Megalosaurus And Swimming Brontosaurs, Jordan C. Oldham 2018 Cedarville University

A Four-Legged Megalosaurus And Swimming Brontosaurs, Jordan C. Oldham

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

Thomas Kuhn in his famous work The Structure of Scientific Revolutions laid out the framework for his theory of how science changes. At the advent of dinosaur paleontology fossil hunters like Gideon Mantell discovered some of the first dinosaurs like Iguanodon and Megalosaurus. Through new disciples like Georges Cuvier’s comparative anatomy lead early dinosaur paleontologist to reconstruct them like giant reptiles of absurd proportions. This lead to the formation of a new paradigm that prehistoric animals like dinosaurs existed and eventually went extinct. The first reconstructions of dinosaur made them to look like giant counterparts of their modern cousins ...


Social Media: On Tech-Caves, Virtual Panopticism, And The Science Fiction-Like State In Which We Unwittingly Find Ourselves, Michael Major 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Social Media: On Tech-Caves, Virtual Panopticism, And The Science Fiction-Like State In Which We Unwittingly Find Ourselves, Michael Major

Theses

Making use of three historic philosophical thought experiments, this paper blends psychological perspectives with philosophical reasoning to show how social media is corrupting our perception of reality, the result of which is ultimately detrimental to society as a whole. This is accomplished by first using Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” to analyze and discuss the ways in which social media is limiting humanity’s access to real knowledge. Next, Michel Foucault’s analysis of punishment in its social context, Discipline and Punish, is used to discuss the ways in which social media is adversely affecting our behavior. Finally, Robert ...


Call For Papers For The 2018 Annual Meeting Of Sagp, Anthony Preus 2018 Binghamton University--SUNY

Call For Papers For The 2018 Annual Meeting Of Sagp, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


For The Sake Of The Intellect, Let Them Have Art: A Possible Reconciliation For The Value Of Mimetic Arts In The 'Republic', BreAnna Liddell 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

For The Sake Of The Intellect, Let Them Have Art: A Possible Reconciliation For The Value Of Mimetic Arts In The 'Republic', Breanna Liddell

Theses

This paper explores the possibility of a cohesive philosophy that recognizes both Plato’s concern about art as a moral danger in the Republic and the aesthete’s—a worthy adversary—position of art as something worth preserving. Plato understood the arts as mimêsis, or imitative and representational. Additionally, this paper suggests that Plato’s take on art extends beyond the limited realm of the performative arts that depict the misguided actions of Greek heroes and gods and how those arts positively or negatively impact the educational development of a citizen of the Republic. Rather, I assert that what he ...


Sagp Newsletter Pacific 2018, Anthony Preus 2018 Binghamton University--SUNY

Sagp Newsletter Pacific 2018, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


For What Can The Kantian Feminist Hope? Constructive Complicity In Appropriations Of The Canon, Dilek Huseyinzadegan 2018 Emory University

For What Can The Kantian Feminist Hope? Constructive Complicity In Appropriations Of The Canon, Dilek Huseyinzadegan

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

As feminist scholars, we hope that our own work is exempt from structural problems such as racism, sexism, and Eurocentricism, that is, the kind of problems that are exemplified and enacted by Kant’s works. In other words, we hope that we do not re-enact, implicitly or explicitly, Kant’s problematic claims, which range from the unnaturalness of a female philosopher, “who might as well have a beard,” the stupid things that a black carpenter said “because he was black from head to foot,” the poor women “living in the greatest slavery in the Orient,” to the “sheep-like existence of ...


Writings: Handwritten Rhetoric Notes, Edna Louise Saffy 2018 University of North Florida

Writings: Handwritten Rhetoric Notes, Edna Louise Saffy

Saffy Collection Textual

Miscellaneous notes pertaining to Rhetoric of Aristotle.


Nl Central 2018, Anthony Preus 2018 Binghamton University--SUNY

Nl Central 2018, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Footnotes To Footnotes: Whitehead's Plato, Nathan Oglesby 2018 The Graduate Center, CUNY

Footnotes To Footnotes: Whitehead's Plato, Nathan Oglesby

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines the presence of Plato in the philosophical expressions of Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947). It was Whitehead who issued the well-known remark that “the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists in a series of footnotes to Plato" -- the purpose of this project is to examine the manner in which Whitehead positioned himself as one such footnote, with respect to his thought itself, and its origins, presentation and reception.

This examination involves: first, an explication of Whitehead’s cosmology and metaphysics and their ostensibly Platonic elements (consisting chiefly in the Timaeus); second, investigation ...


When Two Become One: Reconsidering Marriage As A Sacrament In Protestant Theology, Adam Neal 2018 Liberty University

When Two Become One: Reconsidering Marriage As A Sacrament In Protestant Theology, Adam Neal

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Protestant theology has historically rejected marriage as sacrament, a rejection which continues to resound in the majority of contemporary Protestant scholarship. Yet many, if not most, arguments against sacramental marriage tacitly follow an outline set forward by Luther and Calvin which, if examined with critical scrutiny, is based on a problematic soteriological premise. In light of this, the present study sets forward a comprehensive argument in favor of Protestant theology reaffirming marriage as a sacrament through systematic investigation into the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), New Testament, and Christian history. After developing a critical hermeneutic founded on realist epistemological grounds, a ...


Zhuang Zi And The Education Of The Emotions, Jeffrey MORGAN 2018 San Jose State University

Zhuang Zi And The Education Of The Emotions, Jeffrey Morgan

Comparative Philosophy

This paper examines and defends a conception of the education of emotions found in the Zhuang-Zi. I begin by exploring four principal features of Zhuang Zi’s philosophy as it relates to the emotions: his epistemological perspectivism, his view of the self, his ethics of wandering and natural spontaneity, and his playful non-seriousness. Together these four features allow us to discern a general orientation to the education of the emotions, including a normative account of a good emotional life as well some suggestions for a pedagogy for the development of such a life.


The Yogācāra Theory Of Three Natures: Internalist And Non-Dualist Interpretations, Matthew MACKENZIE 2018 San Jose State University

The Yogācāra Theory Of Three Natures: Internalist And Non-Dualist Interpretations, Matthew Mackenzie

Comparative Philosophy

According to Vasubandhu’s Trisvabhāvanirdeśa or Treatise on the Three Natures, experiential phenomena can be understood in terms of three natures: the constructed (parikalpita), the dependent (paratantra), and the consummate (pariniṣpanna). This paper will examine internalist and anti-internalist or non-dualist interpretations of the Yogācāra theory of the three natures of experience. The internalist interpretation is based on representationalist theory of experience wherein the contents of experience are logically independent of their cause and various interconnected cognitive processes continually create an integrated internal world-model that is transparent to the cognitive system that creates and uses it. In contrast, the anti-internalist interpretation ...


The Confucian Puzzle: Justice And Care In Aquinas, Audra GOODNIGHT 2018 San Jose State University

The Confucian Puzzle: Justice And Care In Aquinas, Audra Goodnight

Comparative Philosophy

Ethical theories of justice and care are often presented in opposition to each other. Eleonore Stump argues that Aquinas’s moral theory has the resources to bring justice and care together. There is, however, a potential worry for her view raised by the ‘Confucian Puzzle’. The puzzle poses a moral dilemma between care and justice that serves as a test case for Stump’s picture. In this paper, I provide a brief overview of the justice and care debate along with the subsequent challenges that both positions face in order to situate Aquinas’s position as Stump defends it. Next ...


John Smith On The Immortality Of The Soul, Derek A. Michaud 2018 University of Maine - Main

John Smith On The Immortality Of The Soul, Derek A. Michaud

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Legacy Of A 'Living Library': The Transatlantic Reception Of John Smith, Derek A. Michaud 2018 University of Maine - Main

The Legacy Of A 'Living Library': The Transatlantic Reception Of John Smith, Derek A. Michaud

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress