The Possibility Of Pilgrimage In A Scientific World, 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University-Brantford campus
The Possibility Of Pilgrimage In A Scientific World, Stephen F. Haller
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage
The paper is a philosophical argument about whether a pilgrimage can be meaningful in a scientific age. Since a scientific world-view rules out many ideas which are traditionally associated with pilgrimage, such as miracles and the effectiveness of prayer, it seems that pilgrimage might be a practice inconsistent with the modern scientific age. Attempts have been made to reconcile this conflict by arguing that science and religion do not conflict, but are non-overlapping spheres of inquiry. Thus, it is possible to make sense of pilgrimage in a scientific age, if one strips their pilgrimage of all aspects to which science ...
Martin Luther King Jr. On Economy, Ecology, And Civilization: Toward A Mlk Jr-Inspired Ecotheology, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Martin Luther King Jr. On Economy, Ecology, And Civilization: Toward A Mlk Jr-Inspired Ecotheology, Theodore Walker
Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events
This MLK Jr-inspired ecotheology [eco-theology] connects “economics,” “ecology,” and “ecological civilization” to the theological ethics of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Though we often remember King primarily as a domestic civil rights leader; attention to King’s book—Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? (1967) reveals that he advanced a global ethics. King called for replacing recourse to war with nonviolent resistance to evil, and for abolishing poverty throughout “the world house.” He prescribed that we “civilize ourselves by the total, direct and immediate abolition of poverty.” King was concerned with civilizing “the world house” (house ...
The Confucian Puzzle: Justice And Care In Aquinas, 2018 San Jose State University
The Confucian Puzzle: Justice And Care In Aquinas, Audra Goodnight
Ethical theories of justice and care are often presented in opposition to each other. Eleonore Stump argues that Aquinas’s moral theory has the resources to bring justice and care together. There is, however, a potential worry for her view raised by the ‘Confucian Puzzle’. The puzzle poses a moral dilemma between care and justice that serves as a test case for Stump’s picture. In this paper, I provide a brief overview of the justice and care debate along with the subsequent challenges that both positions face in order to situate Aquinas’s position as Stump defends it. Next ...
Owning Our Implicit Attitudes: Responsibility, Resentment, And The Whole Self, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
Owning Our Implicit Attitudes: Responsibility, Resentment, And The Whole Self, Wesley Whitaker
CMC Senior Theses
Are implicit biases something we can rightly be held responsible for, and if so, how? A variety of social and cognitive psychological studies have documented the existence of wide-ranging implicit biases for over 30 years. These implicit biases can best be described as negative mental attitudes that operate immediately and unconsciously in response to specific stimuli. The first chapter of this thesis surveys the psychological literature, as well as presents findings of real-world experiments into racial biases. I then present the dominant model of implicit attitudes as mere associations, followed by evidence that at least some implicit attitudes take on ...
Sr. Sarah Grace: The Common Good, 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Sr. Sarah Grace: The Common Good, Caleb Wright
Ask a Sister: Interview Wisdom from Catholic Women Religious
This paper includes part of an interview with Sr. Sarah Grace from January 2, 2018. She is a women religious who has worked in education for 25 years. This paper includes a portion of the interview where she shared her perspective on the common good.
Stasi Brainwashing In The Gdr 1957 - 1990, 2017 Jacob H. Solbrig
Stasi Brainwashing In The Gdr 1957 - 1990, Jacob H. Solbrig, Jacob Hagen Solbrig
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
This thesis examines the methods used by the Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MfS), more commonly known as the Stasi, or East German secret police, for extraction of information from citizens of the German Democratic Republic for the purpose of espionage and covert operations inside East Germany, as it pertains to the deliberate brainwashing of East German citizens. As one of the most efficient intelligence agencies to ever exist, the Stasi’s main purpose was to monitor the population, gather intelligence, and collect or turn informants. They used brainwashing techniques to control the people of the GDR, keeping the populace paralyzed with ...
Nailing Jello To A Tree: A Christian Approach To Ethics In Intelligence, 2017 Liberty University
Nailing Jello To A Tree: A Christian Approach To Ethics In Intelligence, Melanie Scherpereel
Senior Honors Theses
This paper will discuss Christian involvement in the intelligence field in addition to the ethical issues inherent to intelligence, specifically deception, including lying and manipulation, and technology as a force multiplier. Many Christians believe that intelligence is fundamentally a field of extensive deception that should be avoided. Ethics and morality, what it means to tell the truth, and biblical examples of people who used deception and were commended, will be analyzed from a Christian worldview perspective. The arguments will be presented in order that Christians may be able to understand how to apply the two greatest commandments, to love our ...
Toward A Legal Harm Principle: Constructing And Applying A Legal Principle From John Stuart Mill's General Harm Principle, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Toward A Legal Harm Principle: Constructing And Applying A Legal Principle From John Stuart Mill's General Harm Principle, Kathryn Alice Zawisza
Theses and Dissertations
My goal in this work is to outline a specifically legal harm principle that is derived from John Stuart Mill’s harm principle in On Liberty. I will do this by providing a close reading of On Liberty and comparing it to what he says in chapter V of Utilitarianism. I believe that these two works provide a foundation for a harm principle that defines the domain and limits of the law. While this goal is not new, I focus on Mill’s general harm principle and the two maxims that he believes make it up in order to construct ...
Ethics And Bias In Machine Learning: A Technical Study Of What Makes Us “Good”, 2017 CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Ethics And Bias In Machine Learning: A Technical Study Of What Makes Us “Good”, Ashley Nicole Shadowen
The topic of machine ethics is growing in recognition and energy, but bias in machine learning algorithms outpaces it to date. Bias is a complicated term with good and bad connotations in the field of algorithmic prediction making. Especially in circumstances with legal and ethical consequences, we must study the results of these machines to ensure fairness. This paper attempts to address ethics at the algorithmic level of autonomous machines. There is no one solution to solving machine bias, it depends on the context of the given system and the most reasonable way to avoid biased decisions while maintaining the ...
Can One Love The Distant Other? Empathy, Affiliation, And Cosmopolitanism, 2017 South Dakota State University
Can One Love The Distant Other? Empathy, Affiliation, And Cosmopolitanism, Gregory R. Peterson
An ongoing debate in political and moral philosophy concerns the nature of international obligations. While cosmopolitans argue that duties of justice are independent of national borders, statists argue otherwise, sometimes basing their account on the limitations of our empathic concern, a line of argument found much earlier in Adam Smith. Although critics argue that empathy is neither necessary nor sufficient for morality, and although statists imply that psychological limitations of the kind that would be based in empathy prevent the realization of commitments to distant others beyond humanitarian aid, I argue that both these views are incorrect. While the possession ...
The View From Main Street, 2017 St. John's University School of Law
The View From Main Street, Stanley M. Morris
The Catholic Lawyer
No abstract provided.
Introductory Note: Symposium On Lawyering And Personal Values-Responding To The Problems Of Ethical Schizophrenia, 2017 St. John's University School of Law
Introductory Note: Symposium On Lawyering And Personal Values-Responding To The Problems Of Ethical Schizophrenia, Samuel J. Levine
The Catholic Lawyer
No abstract provided.
The Ethics Of Eating Meat, 2017 Syracuse University
The Ethics Of Eating Meat, David Sobel
In this paper I argue for the claim that it is morally problematic to get as many of our calories as we do from factory farmed meat. I divide up the problems into the categories of 1) Harm to Animals, 2) Harm to the Environment, and 3) Harm to Humans. I conclude with a series of common defenses of eating factory-farmed meat and offer a reply to each. I conclude that it would be morally better to cut down on the amount of factory-farmed meat one eats provided one can afford and find palatable alternatives.
“First, Do No Harm”: Old And New Paradigms In Prehospital Resuscitation In The Aquatic Domain, 2017 Lady Cilento Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
“First, Do No Harm”: Old And New Paradigms In Prehospital Resuscitation In The Aquatic Domain, John H. Pearn, Richard Charles Franklin
International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education
The balance between benefit and risk is central to the work of all those involved in aquatic services. The Hippocratic exhortation of Primum non nocere, “First, do no harm,” has a history of over 2000 years. Superficially, all would support this dictum, but harm can result from inaction. The balance between no or little intervention on the one hand and proactive intervention with iatrogenic risk on the other is complex and enduring. Risk implies that one does not have all the information available to know the exact likelihood of an outcome, a common situation involving rescue, first aid, and resuscitation ...
Veganism As A Virtue: How Compassion And Fairness Show Us What Is Virtuous About Veganism, 2017 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Veganism As A Virtue: How Compassion And Fairness Show Us What Is Virtuous About Veganism, Carlo Alvaro
Publications and Research
With millions of animals brought into existence and raised for food every year, their negative impact upon the environment and the staggering growth in the number of chronic diseases caused by meat and dairy diets make a global move toward ethical veganism imperative. Typically, utilitarians and deontologists have led this discussion. The purpose of this paper is to pro- pose a virtuous approach to ethical veganism. Virtue ethics can be used to construct a defense of ethical veganism by relying on the virtues of compassion and fairness. Exercising these values in our relations with animals involves acknowledging their moral value ...
Lessons From Brave New World, 2017 Lynchburg College
Lessons From Brave New World, Rachel Moore
No abstract provided.
The Necessary Right Of Choice For Physician-Assisted Suicide, 2017 Gettysburg College
The Necessary Right Of Choice For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Kerry E. Ullman
Research-based paper on the importance of the right for terminally ill patients facing a painful death to be able to choose how they end their life
Developing Capabilities: A Feminist Discourse Ethics Approach, 2017 Marquette University
Developing Capabilities: A Feminist Discourse Ethics Approach, Chad Kleist
Dissertations (2009 -)
This dissertation attempts to preserve the central tenets of a global moral theory called “the capabilities approach” as defended by Martha Nussbaum, but to do so in a way that better realizes its own goals of identifying gender injustices and gaining crosscultural support by providing an alternative defense of it. Capabilities assess an individual’s well-being based on what she is able to do (actions) and who she is able to be (states of existence). Nussbaum grounds her theory in the intuitive idea that each and every person is worthy of equal respect and dignity. The problem with grounding a ...
Fortifying The Self-Defense Justification Of Punishment, 2017 Northern Michigan University
Fortifying The Self-Defense Justification Of Punishment, Zac Cogley
Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, Bibi (Silvina) Calderaro
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
With walking as ontological shifter I pursue an alternative to the dominant modernist episteme that offers either/or onto-epistemologies of opposition and their reifying engagements. I propose this type of walking is an intentional turning towards a set of radical positions that, as integrative aesthetic and therapeutic practice, brings multiplicity and synchronicity to experience and being in an expanded sociality. This practice facilitates the conditions of possibility for recurring points of contact between the interiority perceived as ‘body’ and the exteriority perceived as ‘world.’ While making evident the self’s at once incoherence with it-self, it opens to a space ...