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Medieval Thinking In The 21st Century: Crystal Balls, Black Swans, And Darwin's Finches In The Time Of Corona, George Conesa 2020 Humboldt State University

Medieval Thinking In The 21st Century: Crystal Balls, Black Swans, And Darwin's Finches In The Time Of Corona, George Conesa

The International Journal of Ecopsychology (IJE)

Twenty years into the 21st Century, a sizable swath of the world populace thinks, makes decisions, and defines itself in a conflicted and contradictory chimera. Millions of individuals make use of cutting-edge technologies while simultaneously throwing salt over their shoulders and consulting with the local ‘healer’ about any number of illnesses--to caricaturize, a sort of medieval-thinker-tech-savvy orientation. It is here affirmed that the practical consequences of this agentic amalgamation, modes of thinking, and “being in the world” are counterproductive at best and self-defeating at worst, resulting in much uncertainty and leading to, for example, mixed messages in public health approaches ...


Propaganda And Its Role In Aesthetic Judgement And Artistic Knowledge: Looking At Kazuo Ishiguro’S Never Let Me Go, Rishabh Kumar 2020 Johns Hopkins University

Propaganda And Its Role In Aesthetic Judgement And Artistic Knowledge: Looking At Kazuo Ishiguro’S Never Let Me Go, Rishabh Kumar

The Macksey Journal

Critiquing any piece of art brings with it a plethora of epistemic anxieties - from the limitation of the individual experience to one's imbued cultural biases, so much so that any shared knowledge seems impossible, and the influence of the political inseparable. This paper explores Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go, which situates and magnifies these anxieties in its dystopian portrayal of a near-future England - where cloned children are taught art in a rigorous and unidimensional means to make them accept their status in society as organ donors for the "real" citizens. It looks at how the children are ...


Racism Beyond Cognition: A Lacanian Psychoanalysis Of The United States' Terror Of And Intimacy With The Other, Johanna Jeung 2020 Kalamazoo College

Racism Beyond Cognition: A Lacanian Psychoanalysis Of The United States' Terror Of And Intimacy With The Other, Johanna Jeung

The Macksey Journal

Racism has traditionally been analyzed as a cognitive, epistemological problems: i.e. failed forms knowing about otherness. This masculinist methodology has denied embodied infrastructure, hystericizing symbolic parameters. This suppresses societal acknowledgement of our psychically submerged reality, which metatheoretically injures those less intimate with hegemonic privilege. Indeed, intrapsychic infrastructure is a primary way of signifying relationships of power and differentiation, including imperialist States and their subjects. I argue that epistemological approaches to otherness miss the central phenomenon: i.e. the conative matter of fantasy, anxiety, desire, and drive. Lacanian psychoanalysis understands fearing or idealizing otherness as a process of either “abjecting ...


Epistemic Injustice And Sexual Violence Intervention Advocacy, Jennifer Ware 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Epistemic Injustice And Sexual Violence Intervention Advocacy, Jennifer Ware

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this project, I will explore how victims of sexual violence have faced epistemic injustices by reviewing the histories of two advocacy movements aimed at improving collective understanding of those experiences. In doing so, I will consider how those very activist movements may have introduced new epistemic lacunas and, even while successfully addressing some injustices, committed further epistemic wrongs as well. I will explore forms of hermeneutical resistance used by victims of sexual violence and their advocates. While these methods of resistance have been discussed elsewhere, I contribute to this ongoing work by applying these ideas to new examples. Finally ...


In Trump We Trust: Epistemic Isolation, Conflict Narratives, And Climate Change Denial In Significant Portion Of Trump’S 2016 Election Base, Alec Chapa 2020 Portland State University

In Trump We Trust: Epistemic Isolation, Conflict Narratives, And Climate Change Denial In Significant Portion Of Trump’S 2016 Election Base, Alec Chapa

The Macksey Journal

American political polarization around climate change is largely fueled by science denialism, and although much research investigates the impacts of ideology, little has been done on the impacts of epistemology, and more specifically, the role of conflict-conditioned narratives (CCN) in shaping epistemology. This study investigates the epistemic function of Fox News in the 2016 U.S. Election, potentially escalating conflict around climate change due to the nature of delivered narratives. Existing conflict resolution research is used as a theoretical grounding and for identifying the use of conflict narrative construction methods (CM) in online articles. This research uses a purposive approach ...


Recognizing Mathematics Students As Creative: Mathematical Creativity As Community-Based And Possibility-Expanding, Meghan Riling 2020 Boston University

Recognizing Mathematics Students As Creative: Mathematical Creativity As Community-Based And Possibility-Expanding, Meghan Riling

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Although much creativity research has suggested that creativity is influenced by cultural and social factors, these have been minimally explored in the context of mathematics and mathematics learning. This problematically limits who is seen as mathematically creative and who can enter the discipline of mathematics. This paper proposes a framework of creativity that is based in what it means to know or do mathematics and accepts that creativity is something that can be nurtured in all students. Prominent mathematical epistemologies held since the beginning of the twentieth century in the Western mathematics tradition have different implications for promoting creativity in ...


The Crisis Of Communication In The Information Age: Revisiting C.P. Snow's Two Cultures In The Era Of Fake News, Aaron Green 2020 Compliance & Risks, Ltd.

The Crisis Of Communication In The Information Age: Revisiting C.P. Snow's Two Cultures In The Era Of Fake News, Aaron Green

Irish Communication Review

The purpose of this paper is to revisit C.P. Snow’s “Two Cultures” lecture in light of the cultural dominance of information technology. The crisis of communication in the information age, whether in fake news, political polarisation or science denial, has come about because both scientific and literary cultures, in seeking a world without entropy, have inadvertently stumbled upon a world without meaning. In order to explain how this has happened, the paper first explores Snow's challenge: to describe the second law of thermodynamics. The paper then provides a description of entropy that is neutral with regard to ...


Finding Commonality: The First Principles Of The Leadership Thought Of Theodore Roosevelt And Traditional Chinese Culture, Elizabeth Summerfield, Yumin Dai 2020 University of Melbourne, Australia

Finding Commonality: The First Principles Of The Leadership Thought Of Theodore Roosevelt And Traditional Chinese Culture, Elizabeth Summerfield, Yumin Dai

The Journal of Values-Based Leadership

This paper argues that, while the imperative to find global solutions to complex problems like climate change and resource management is agreed, dominant ethical and intellectual thought leadership in many western nations impedes progress. The Cartesian binaries of western post-Enlightenment culture tend instead toward oppositional binary divides where each ‘side’ assumes to be the whole and not a part. And the present and future similarly assume precedence over the past. The paper points to systems thinking as both a method and a practice of wise leadership of past western and eastern societies, including their conservation of natural resources. Two historical ...


The People Who “Burn”: “Communication,” Unity, And Change In Belarusian Discourse On Public Creativity, Anton Dinerstein 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The People Who “Burn”: “Communication,” Unity, And Change In Belarusian Discourse On Public Creativity, Anton Dinerstein

Doctoral Dissertations

The main intellectual problem I address in this study is how everyday communication activates the relationship between creativity, conflict, and change. More specifically, I look at how the communication of creativity becomes a process of transformation, innovation, and change and how people are propelled to create through everyday communication practices in the face of conflict and opposition. To approach this problem, I use the case of communication in modern-day Belarus to show how creativity becomes a vehicle for and a source of new social and cultural routines among the independent grassroots communities and initiatives in Minsk.

On one level, I ...


A Narrative Case Study Of Transfer Students In Instrumental Music Education, Ashley Glenn 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

A Narrative Case Study Of Transfer Students In Instrumental Music Education, Ashley Glenn

Dissertations

Transfer students in music fields face challenges that are different from other fields of study. Research has shown that transfer students in music are expected to acclimate and operate as upperclassmen with minimal onboarding while also potentially having to retake courses they received credit for at the community college level. This study examines the experiences of five transfer students in music education through the lens of Schlossberg’s transition theory and Dewey’s model of transaction. Building on existing transfer student research, it asks: what do transfer students experience in terms of acceptance and self-integration, and how do these experiences ...


The Data City, The Idiom And Questions Of Locality, Noel Fitzpatrick 2020 Technological University Dublin

The Data City, The Idiom And Questions Of Locality, Noel Fitzpatrick

Articles

The paper aims to provide both a radical critique of the “smart city” as a techno-ideological apparatus,that through data analysis and algorithmic forms of governmentality tends to colonize space and time, and an attempt to reframe the very concept of intelligence within the smart cities. Two concepts are presented as tools for such a reframing: locality and idiom, where the first is conceived as openness of meaning generated by a territory, while the latter,analysed througha paradigmatic Irish example (Friel’s play Translations), prepares the ground for the pars construensof the paper. The claim, built by intertwining a set ...


The Scriptures And Culture: Examining The Skew Of Postmodern Christianity, Andrew J. Ondo 2020 John W. Rawlings School of Divinity, Liberty University

The Scriptures And Culture: Examining The Skew Of Postmodern Christianity, Andrew J. Ondo

Diligence: Journal of the Liberty University Online Religion Capstone in Research and Scholarship

Throughout history there have surely been detractors of truth and objectivity in the Christian faith, presenting at times subtly and at others with a profound transparency. Today, this issue has become one in which subtlety reigns supreme. As society hurdles onward into the postmodern era there is a continuing problem which arises from that same postmodern worldview, wherein the culturally accepted "good" is in and the biblically based truth is out. It seems that the old adage, "in like sin," could not ring any more accurately than in this present age. So, in order to make this clear, the provided ...


Questions Concerning Attention And Stiegler’S Therapeutics, Noel Fitzpatrick 2020 Technological University Dublin

Questions Concerning Attention And Stiegler’S Therapeutics, Noel Fitzpatrick

Articles

The article sets out to develop the concept of attention as a key aspect to building the possible therapeutics that Bernard Stiegler’s recent works have pointed to (The Automatic Society, 2016, The Neganthropocene, 2018 and Qu’appelle-t-on Panser, 2018). The therapeutic aspect of pharmacology takes place through processes that are neganthropic; therefore, which attempt to counteract the entropic nature of digital technologies where there is flattening out to the measurable and the calculable of Big Data. The most obvious examples of this flattening out can be seen in relation to the use of natural language processing technologies for text ...


“Identity-Based” And “Diversity-Based” Evidence Between Linear And Fractal Rationality, Maurizio Manzin 2020 University of Trento

“Identity-Based” And “Diversity-Based” Evidence Between Linear And Fractal Rationality, Maurizio Manzin

OSSA Conference Archive

Every individual when making an opinion always sees from a here-and-now point of view characterized by an overlapping of beliefs (produced by inner activities dealing with reasonings, feelings and ethical standards). In the history of philosophy we can find two main types of evidence, based on what we might call “linear” and “fractal” rationality. In the light of the former, which almost exclusively fosters formal deductivism, evidence is based on mere systematic coherence, and all other sources of knowledge (intuitive, perceptive, symbolic, poetic, moral etc.) are marginalized – persuasion included. In the light of “fractal” rationality, which is more adherent to ...


Commentary: Notes On Katharina Stevens Essay "Charity For Moral Reasons", Maureen Linker 2020 University of Michigan

Commentary: Notes On Katharina Stevens Essay "Charity For Moral Reasons", Maureen Linker

OSSA Conference Archive

There are a variety of important and insightful points in Stevens’ essay for argument theorists and teachers of logic and critical thinking. The interplay between morality, epistemology, and metaphysics for instance that underlie reason and argumentation. The important point that arguers and their interlocuters, when representing reasons, are doing something fundamentally human and their identity as knowers should be respected as part of a reasoning community. The equally important point that epistemic imperialism is a risk of toxic charity when an arguer with more social power and privilege, presumes to interpret an interlocuter on the social margins (who may have ...


Commentary On Lumer, "A Theory Of Philosophical Arguments", Patrick Bondy 2020 Wichita State University

Commentary On Lumer, "A Theory Of Philosophical Arguments", Patrick Bondy

OSSA Conference Archive

Commentary on Christoph Lumer, "A Theory of Philosophical Argument," for OSSA 12. Lumer offers a general theory of philosophical argument. This commentary discusses four related topics: Pascal arguments; the problem of the criterion; the status of intuitions in philosophy; and the status of arguments that do not fit into the four ideal argument types that Lumer sets out.


The Persuasive Force Of The Ad Baculum, John P. Casey 2020 Northeastern Illinois University

The Persuasive Force Of The Ad Baculum, John P. Casey

OSSA Conference Archive

Standard accounts of the ad baculum locate its fallaciousness either in irrelevance or dialogue shift. Such accounts, however, fail to explain its persuasiveness. This paper offers a new account where the real target of an ad baculum is an audience downstream from the initial ad baculum exchange. This means that the ad baculum consists in misrepresenting the quality of evidence by means of the forced adoption of a particular standpoint.


Getting Down In The Muds: A Ludological Perspective On Arguers, Michael A. Yong-Set 2020 University of Windsor

Getting Down In The Muds: A Ludological Perspective On Arguers, Michael A. Yong-Set

OSSA Conference Archive

Dan Cohen (2018) and Michael Gilbert (1997) have variously emphasized the need for argumentation theorists to pay attention to ‘arguers’ and not just ‘arguments.’ Following Yong-Set (2016), this paper will suggest that ‘games’ can be leveraged to enrich an understanding of the ‘person’ aspect of argumentation.

Ludology is the academic and critical study of games qua games, especially in terms of system design, player experience and the socio-cultural dynamics of gaming. By drawing upon and extending the lessons learned from ludologist Bartle’s (1996, 2012) analysis of the relation between player-types and games that successfully implement Multi-User-Dungeons (MUDs), I argue ...


Topics Of The Sky: Ashbery's Involving Search For The Poem, Tom M. Carlson 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Topics Of The Sky: Ashbery's Involving Search For The Poem, Tom M. Carlson

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

An essay lived by John Ashbery's Three Poems with special attention to the possibility of cosmic relevance. This paper attempts to imagine priorities and needs proper to celestial bodies. Three Poems is the consciousness that gives possibility to the text, while Blanchot, Nietzsche, and other thinkers ground its exploration in philosophical analysis.


Plurality Of Traditions And Metatheories In Information Science, Taufik Asmiyanto, Muhamad Prabu Wibowo 2020 University of Indonesia

Plurality Of Traditions And Metatheories In Information Science, Taufik Asmiyanto, Muhamad Prabu Wibowo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information science presupposes multi traditions because of its close relationship to the convergence of several fields of science that saw epistemic and practical needs and demands due to the phenomenon of the information revolution and information and communication technology (ICT). The multi traditions in information science are relevant to explain limitless study objects in information science in understanding reality and ways of gaining knowledge throughout the development of science. A previous study on ontology and epistemology shows that there is a limitation on human reasoning on the understanding reality that affects further development of science. The plurality of traditions enables ...


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