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The C3 Conditional: A Variably Strict Ordinary-Language Conditional, Monique L. Whitaker 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The C3 Conditional: A Variably Strict Ordinary-Language Conditional, Monique L. Whitaker

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation I provide a novel logic of the ordinary-language conditional. First, however, I endeavor to make clearer and more precise just what the objects of the study of the conditional are, as a lack of clarity as to what counts as an instance of a given category of conditional has resulted in deep and significant confusions in subsequent analysis. I motivate for a factual/counterfactual distinction, though not at the level of particular instances of the conditional. Instead, I argue that each individual instance of the conditional may be interpreted either factually or counterfactually, rather than these instances ...


A Case For A Husserlian Willardarian Approach To Knowledge, Joseph Gibson 2016 Liberty University

A Case For A Husserlian Willardarian Approach To Knowledge, Joseph Gibson

Masters Theses

This thesis introduces certain aspects in the thought of Dallas Willard and Edmund Husserl as a new way forward in the internalism externalism debate. Husserl’s detailed analysis of cognition has application to epistemology and addresses in great depth an area which in the current discussion is often tertiary and shallow at best. It is argued that in both internalist and externalist camps there is a common assumption about cognition which Husserl argues forcibly against. This assumption is that thought, or cognition, is essentially linguistic. (The notion that ‘thought is essentially linguistic’ means that thought requires the use of language ...


Deaf Interpreter Education: Stories And Insights Shared By Working Deaf Interpreters And Deaf Interpreting Students, Jeremy Rogers 2016 Western Oregon University

Deaf Interpreter Education: Stories And Insights Shared By Working Deaf Interpreters And Deaf Interpreting Students, Jeremy Rogers

Master's of Arts in Interpreting Studies (MAIS) Theses

The purpose of this research study was to identify existing practices in interpreter preparation as it relates to Deaf interpreting students and working Deaf interpreters. In an effort to identify patterns in curricula, instructional approach, and formative experiences, the researcher aimed to distinguish effective instructional approaches for Deaf interpreting students. Working Deaf interpreters were interviewed to offer their perspective on existing preparation practices, both in formal academic settings and formative training. Secondly, Deaf interpreting students currently enrolled in Interpreter Preparation Programs (IPPs) were asked to reflect on their academic experiences and identify the most effective practices employed in their training ...


Lost In Adaptation, Caitlin S. Manocchio 2016 Chapman University

Lost In Adaptation, Caitlin S. Manocchio

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

philosophical societies that send us here as their representatives- can no longer, in this case, allow itself [the philosophical idea] to be enclosed in a single idiom, at the risk of floating, neutral and disembodied, remote from every body of language

(Derrida 1994: 14)

Introduction

In Sending: on representation (1994), Jacques Derrida questions the function of representation that we can use to offer a challenge to the experience and structure of representation as a practice in visual culture and for contemporary spectatorship. When the function of representation is being questioned, rather than its subject, the practice of representation is seen ...


Inhabiting The Discourses Of Belonging; Franz Kafka And Yoko Tawada, Aviv Hilbig-Bokaer 2016 Clark University

Inhabiting The Discourses Of Belonging; Franz Kafka And Yoko Tawada, Aviv Hilbig-Bokaer

Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark

Inhabiting the Discourses of Belonging; Franz Kafka and Yoko Tawada examines the role of language in creating the identity of the foreigner in German prose. Writing at opposite ends of the 20th century, Kafka and Tawada serve as harbingers for a broader sense of alienation that comes with writing as an Other. Using lenses provided by Spivak, Butler, Said and Deluze, this essay surveys the broader cultural concepts and theoretical implications of the notion of the metaphorical subaltern that can be created in prose, and the particularities presented by the German language in creating and articulating this identity. This ...


Impossibility Of Tremor On Social Media, Gregory Convertito 2016 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Impossibility Of Tremor On Social Media, Gregory Convertito

Senior Theses and Projects

Slavoj Zizek has theorized the possibility of traversing the fantasy through immersion in cyberspace. We investigate this possibility, especially centering on its similarity to Adorno's understanding of aesthetics, wherein the ultimate experience of an autonomous aesthetic work is the destabilization of the coordinates of experience which it momentarily engenders.


Toward A Kripkean Concept Of Number, Oliver R. Marshall 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Toward A Kripkean Concept Of Number, Oliver R. Marshall

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Saul Kripke once remarked to me that natural numbers cannot be posits inferred from their indispensability to science, since we’ve always had them. This left me wondering whether numbers are objects of Russellian acquaintance, or accessible by analysis, being implied by known general principles about how to reason correctly, or both. To answer this question, I discuss some recent (and not so recent) work on our concepts of number and of particular numbers, by leading psychologists and philosophers. Special attention is paid to Kripke’s theory that numbers possess structural features of the numerical systems that stand for them ...


“Don't Think But Look:” Using Wittgenstein's Notion Of Family Resemblances To Look At Genocide, James J. Snow 2016 Loyola University Maryland

“Don't Think But Look:” Using Wittgenstein's Notion Of Family Resemblances To Look At Genocide, James J. Snow

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article contributes to the ongoing and growing scholarly conversation concerning how best to define the term “genocide” following Raphael Lemkin’s coining of the term in 1944. The article first shows that the Convention definition ratified in Paris in 1948 was intended solely for juridical purposes and does not reflect Lemkin’s deeper understanding of genocide. It then surveys a range of scholarship after Lemkin that argues for alternative definitions of term or even calls for jettisoning the term altogether. While it is acknowledged that a clear definition is imperative in a juridical context, it is argued that there ...


The Urban Prison: Socioeconomic Vortexes In Latino Neighborhoods, Armando Porras, Aaron Wyatt 2016 Utah State University

The Urban Prison: Socioeconomic Vortexes In Latino Neighborhoods, Armando Porras, Aaron Wyatt

Research on Capitol Hill

This research shows how metropolitan cities throughout the United States are continuously impacting the lives of ethnic minorities.

In the United States, Latina/o individuals have been born into socioeconomic vortexes. In other words, they have grown up in areas where secure jobs have disappeared and a variety of other factors force them to live in damaged communities that do not foster economic and social progression.

By analyzing several works of literature written by Latina/o authors who lived in barrios that faced these challenges, as well as research addressing crime and the lack of law enforcement in marginalized neighborhoods ...


Antithetical Commentaries On X, Y And The Disruption Of Being, Eva Rocha 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Antithetical Commentaries On X, Y And The Disruption Of Being, Eva Rocha

Theses and Dissertations

Through discursive essays and poetic narrative, Antithetical Commentaries on X, Y and the Disruption of Being explores the tenuous relationship between modes of measurement and the struggle for human relevance in the post-contemporary digital age. In the introductory essay, “Not the Feather, but the Bird”, I give an overview of the inherent problems of object-oriented ontology, and how it relates to aesthetics and social issues of our times. In the Developmental Overview, I detail how I developed my installation approach and techniques, particularly with regard to the three-way dynamic of the artist:work:viewer relationship and how it can encourage ...


A Deranged Argument Against Public Languages, Robert Stainton 2015 University of Western Ontario

A Deranged Argument Against Public Languages, Robert Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

My focus is Q: Are there really such things as public languages? I address an argument for a negative answer, extracted from Davidson’s “A Derangement of Epitaphs”. The argument appeals to an empirically attested phenomena, namely novelty and speech errors in successful conversational interactions, to show that knowledge of public language is neither necessary nor sufficient. Thus public languages have no explanatory role. Continues the idea, one should substitute in place of the convention-centric public language picture an alternative, with Prior and Passing theories. My first rebuttal is that there are senses in which knowledge of public language is ...


Contextualism In Epistemology And Relevance Theory, Mark Jary, Robert Stainton 2015 University of Western Ontario

Contextualism In Epistemology And Relevance Theory, Mark Jary, Robert Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Cuasi Factivos, Axel Barcelo Aspeitia, Robert J. Stainton 2015 University of Western Ontario

Cuasi Factivos, Axel Barcelo Aspeitia, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We introduce a construction which we label 'quasi-factive'. They are heard like factives, in that we immediately take the complement to be true. Yet they aren't really factive at all. Examples include: 'It's not widely known that Marta was born in Canada' (because she was born in Uruguay); 'Don't tell anyone that Carlos will run as a candidate' (because he won't); 'Did it bother Jane that Miguel came?' (no, because Miguel didn't come). We identify sub-categories of our quasi-factives, and then tentatively explore a pragmatic explanation of how they work their magic.


Vol 7 No 1 Contents Page, 2015 San Jose State University

Vol 7 No 1 Contents Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 7 No 1 Information Page, 2015 San Jose State University

Vol 7 No 1 Information Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 7 No 1 Cover Page, 2015 San Jose State University

Vol 7 No 1 Cover Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Poetics Of Cinema: An Exploration Of Poetry In The Nonverbal Medium, Alexander Dulak 2015 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Poetics Of Cinema: An Exploration Of Poetry In The Nonverbal Medium, Alexander Dulak

Research & Exhibition

The concept of poetry remains today an ambiguous and divisive issue. The definitions set forward by scholars, critics and poets range from highly structural, relying on elements of rhythm verse etc. to those based on a prevalence of passion and emotion. Still, among all this uncertainty we don’t stop and move on to attribute poetic qualities to nonverbal mediums - cinema being a profound example of such a phenomenon. How is it then, that the language of poetry is in theory explicable and practically possible in cinema? Since poetry tends to express itself through language, I would like to examine ...


Articulating The World: Conceptual Understanding And The Scientific Image, Joseph Rouse 2015 Wesleyan University

Articulating The World: Conceptual Understanding And The Scientific Image, Joseph Rouse

Joseph Rouse

The most difficult challenge for naturalists in philosophy is accounting for scientific understanding of nature as itself a scientifically intelligible natural phenomenon. This book advances naturalism with a novel response to this challenge, drawing upon the philosophy of scientific practice and interdisciplinary science studies, philosophical work on the normativity of conceptual understanding, and new developments in evolutionary biology. The book’s two parts develop complementary, mutually supporting revisions to familiar accounts of conceptual understanding and of Sellars’s “scientific image” of ourselves-in-the-world. The first part shows how language and scientific practices exemplify the evolutionary process of niche construction. Conceptual capacities ...


Contesting Gender Concepts, Language And Norms: Three Critical Articles On Ethical And Political Aspects Of Gender Non-Conformity, Stephanie Julia Kapusta 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Contesting Gender Concepts, Language And Norms: Three Critical Articles On Ethical And Political Aspects Of Gender Non-Conformity, Stephanie Julia Kapusta

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In chapter one I firstly critique some contemporary family-resemblance approaches to the category woman, and claim that they do not take sufficient account of dis-semblance, that is, resemblances that people have in common with members of the contrast category man. Second, I analyze how the concept of woman is semantically contestable: resemblance/dissemblance structures give rise to vagueness and to borderline cases. Borderline cases can either be included in the category or excluded from it. The factors which incline parties in a dispute about membership to include or exclude depend on metaphysical, ethical, or political background assumptions.

In chapter two ...


A Biopsychological Foundation For Linguistics, Jonathan J. Life 2015 The University of Western Ontario

A Biopsychological Foundation For Linguistics, Jonathan J. Life

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this dissertation, I defend the view that natural languages are concrete biopsychological phenomena to be studied empirically. In Section One, I begin with an historical explanation. Some analytic philosophers, I argue, misapply formal logic as an analysis of natural language, when it was in fact originally developed as an alternative to natural language, employed for scientific purposes. Abstract, quasi-mathematical philosophies of language, I argue, are partially a result of this misunderstanding. I respond to Jerrold Katz’ argument that a proper understanding of analytic truth requires this quasi-mathematical philosophy of language through a model-theoretical analysis of analytic truth in modal ...


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