Vindicating Evans: A Defence Of Evans' Theory Of Singular Thought, 2021 The University of Western Ontario
Vindicating Evans: A Defence Of Evans' Theory Of Singular Thought, Dylan A. Hurry
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
A singular thought can intuitively be understood as a thought that is directly about a particular thing, e.g., a non-conceptual thought about B.B. King, Mont Blanc, or your most beloved pet. The consensus within the singular thought literature has been that Gareth Evans (1982) develops a theory of singular thought throughout his posthumously published work The Varieties of Reference. However, Evans never claims to be developing a theory of singular thought, nor does the locution ‘singular thought’ appear more than a handful of times throughout the work. The singular thought literature lacks any substantial exegetical engagement with the ...
Disappearing Chairs And Related Matters: A Visual Essay For Wittgenstein’S Philosophical Investigations (Section 80), 2021 Jane Addams Research Center
Disappearing Chairs And Related Matters: A Visual Essay For Wittgenstein’S Philosophical Investigations (Section 80), Michael R. Hill
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
Are there rules capturing the meaning of all possible uses (now, past, and future) of the word “chair”? Ludwig Wittgenstein raised this issue in Section 80 of the Philosophical Investigations where he stated: “I say, ‘There is a chair over there’”. Does “chair” in his utterance mean anything? For myself, this question can be approached autobiographically and chronologically. As a youngster, my earliest understanding of “chair” is reflected in the graphic illustration from a Dick and Jane reader (Figure 1) with re-imagined dialog: “This is a chair”. I understood a chair to be a human-made object — usually constructed from wood ...
The Surreal Voice In Milan's Itinerant Poetics: Delio Tessa To Franco Loi, 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
The Surreal Voice In Milan's Itinerant Poetics: Delio Tessa To Franco Loi, Jason Collins
Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Over the course of Italy’s linguistic history, dialect literature has evolved a s a genre unto itself. The scope of research presented in this study examines the question of dialect literature as a valid genre which bears lines of demarcation that would assign it the distinction of genre. Research reveals that in fact the simple election of a language, or dialect, does not itself constitute a genre; moreover, most dialect literature bears characteristics that would neatly place it in another genre.
To examine this verity, this research compares two dialect poets who employ Milanese as a means of transmission ...
The Strives And Struggles Of Maintaining A Language And Culture In The Historic Immigrant Communities Of Cleveland, Ohio, 2020 Baldwin Wallace University
The Strives And Struggles Of Maintaining A Language And Culture In The Historic Immigrant Communities Of Cleveland, Ohio, Klementyna R. Pozniak
The Macksey Journal
Northern Ohio is home to some of the largest communities of Eastern European immigrants and their decedents. With immigrants coming in waves since before the First World War, each wave of immigrants and their offspring have had different experiences, assimilation practices, and styles of cultural maintenance. This study looks at how the Cartho-Rusyn, Hungarian, Lithuanian and Ukrainian communities have worked to preserve their languages and cultures since their arrival in America. Each of these groups has implemented different to maintain their linguistic and cultural identity. Certain factors were considered for each group, such as religious affiliation, creation of language schools ...
معنى الكلمة وحدودها بين الرازي وأولمان, 2020 جامعة القدس المفتوحة- نابلس
معنى الكلمة وحدودها بين الرازي وأولمان, Abd Alraouf Kharyoush
Al Jinan الجنان
إن اختلاف الأوزان الصرفية للكلمات يقتضي بالضرورة اختلاف في معانيها، وعليه فإنه من الصعوبة وضع حدود فاصلة للكلمة؛ لان الكلمات ليست على وزن واحد،إضافة إلى أن لكل باحث منهجا فكريا يختلف به عن الآخر، مما يؤدي إلى اختلاف واضح في تحديد ماهية الكلمة عند المفكرين اللغويين قدماء ومحدثين، وفي هذا البحث يحاول الباحث أن يحدد القواسم المشتركة بين مفكرين تناولا مفهوم الكلمة من منظورين مختلفين: الأول الرازي الذي انطلق من مفاهيم لغوية عربية ترتبط بالمعاني الدلالية، من خلال كتابه " التفسير الكبير"؛ والثاني " أولمان" الذي تناوله في كتابه " دور الكلمة في اللغة" دور الكلمة من مختلف جوانبها
On Polysemy: A Philosophical, Psycholinguistic, And Computational Study, 2020 The University of Western Ontario
On Polysemy: A Philosophical, Psycholinguistic, And Computational Study, Jiangtian Li
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Most words in natural languages are polysemous, that is they have related but different meanings in different contexts. These polysemous meanings (senses) are marked by their structuredness, flexibility, productivity, and regularity. Previous theories have focused on some of these features but not all of them together. Thus, I propose a new theory of polysemy, which has two components. First, word meaning is actively modulated by broad contexts in a continuous fashion. Second, clustering arises from contextual modulations of a word and is then entrenched in our long term memory to facilitate future production and processing. Hence, polysemous senses are entrenched ...
The Performativity And Dynamics Of H.P. Grice's "Logic And Conversation": An Interdisciplinary Re-Conceptualization, 2020 Portland State University
The Performativity And Dynamics Of H.P. Grice's "Logic And Conversation": An Interdisciplinary Re-Conceptualization, Linnea Alexander
University Honors Theses
The following paper covers an interdisciplinary examination and re-conceptualization of philosopher H.P. Grice's Logic and Conversation. By way of interdisciplinary analysis and theory building, this paper breaks down Grice's philosophical understandings of conversational pragmatics as well as significant components of speech act theory, as put forth by philosopher J. L. Austin and revisited by J. R. Searle, and interactive frame theory as understood in sociocultural linguistic anthropology by Deborah Tannen and Cynthia Wallat. It interrogates shortcomings of Grice’s understanding of conversation and draws from speech act and frame theory to fill these shortcomings and expand on ...
Leadership After Covid-19 [Spoiler: There Is Something Beyond Recovery And Resilience For Individuals And Organizations], 2020 University of Pennsylvania
Leadership After Covid-19 [Spoiler: There Is Something Beyond Recovery And Resilience For Individuals And Organizations], Thomas Payne
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects
Throughout history, humans have found ways to recycle energy in ways that benefit them and would otherwise be wasted. Examples of this processing include learning to use fire for warmth, light, and cooking or identifying how to redirect the wind to navigate a ship in a preferred direction as opposed to a undetermined random route. Today, leaders can learn how to harvest uncertainty and randomness into tasks that utilize their strengths, as well as those on the team, to fuel optimal business outcomes and well-being for their employees. The author provides two workshop outlines. The first will help leaders correct ...
Murmurs Of Revolution: Mythical Subversion In Dostoevsky, 2020 Chapman University
Murmurs Of Revolution: Mythical Subversion In Dostoevsky, Connor Guetersloh
English (MA) Theses
Throughout history, revolutions have been plagued by unpredictability; it is all but impossible to know when cultural systems will be turned on their heads. Is there a common motivator, to predict social unrest bubbling beneath the surface of society? I suggest the development of this motivator is detectable by deconstructing Ferdinand de Saussure’s semiotic patterns within the field of rhetorical mythology. “Mythology,” in the rhetorical and linguistic sense developed by Roland Barthes, is the study of a collective system of thinking we subconsciously subscribe to when interpreting meaning, perpetuated by greater society. The struggle for meaning is split into ...
Do Muslims And Christians Worship The Same God: A Philosophical Approach, 2020 Abilene Christian University
Do Muslims And Christians Worship The Same God: A Philosophical Approach, Zachary W. Casey
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
In this thesis I probe the question of whether Muslims and Christians worship the same God primarily through the discipline of philosophy of language. Though a multifaceted question at its core (e.g., theological, historical), the question directly ties into how language operates in relation to God. That is, the ways in which Muslims and Christians make predications of God have a significant role in delineating whether they worship the same God. By working from the perspective of predication, I argue that Muslims and Christians refer to but do not worship the same God. In this sense, Muslims and Christians ...
Don’T Be So Fast With The Knife: A Reply To Kapsner, 2020 San Jose State University
Don’T Be So Fast With The Knife: A Reply To Kapsner, Graham Priest
The is a brief reply to the central objection against the construction of my The Fifth Corner of Four by Andi Kapsner in his “Cutting Corners: A Critical Note on Priest’s Five-Valued Catuṣkoṭi. This concerns the desirability of adding a fifth corner (ineffability) to the four of the catuṣkoṭi.
A Russellian Analysis Of Buddhist Catuskoti, 2020 San Jose State University
A Russellian Analysis Of Buddhist Catuskoti, Nicholaos Jones
Names name, but there are no individuals who are named by names. This is the key to an elegant and ideologically parsimonious strategy for analyzing the Buddhist catuṣkoṭi. The strategy is ideologically parsimonious, because it appeals to no analytic resources beyond those of standard predicate logic. The strategy is elegant, because it is, in effect, an application of Bertrand Russell's theory of definite descriptions to Buddhist contexts. The strategy imposes some minor adjustments upon Russell's theory. Attention to familiar catuṣkoṭi from Vacchagotta and Nagarjuna as well as more obscure catuṣkoṭi from Khema, Zhi Yi, and Fa Zang motivates ...
Usapang Tapat: Tungo Sa Isang Katutubong Etika, 2020 Ateneo de Manila University
Usapang Tapat: Tungo Sa Isang Katutubong Etika, Remmon E. Barbaza
Dr. Barbaza discusses ethics and language, using the Filipino word ‘tapat’ and its various meanings as case study.
Speaker: Remmon E. Barbaza is associate professor at the Department of Philosophy, Ateneo De Manila University. He holds a BA in Linguistics from the University of the Philippines in Diliman, an MA in Philosophy from the Ateneo de Manila University, and a PhD in Philosophy from the Hochschule für Philosophie in Munich, with a dissertation on Heidegger’s concept of dwelling, under the supervision of the late Prof. Dr. Gerd Haeffner, SJ. His research interests include Heidegger, language, translation, technology, environment, and ...
The Crisis Of Communication In The Information Age: Revisiting C.P. Snow's Two Cultures In The Era Of Fake News, 2020 Compliance & Risks, Ltd.
The Crisis Of Communication In The Information Age: Revisiting C.P. Snow's Two Cultures In The Era Of Fake News, Aaron Green
Irish Communication Review
The purpose of this paper is to revisit C.P. Snow’s “Two Cultures” lecture in light of the cultural dominance of information technology. The crisis of communication in the information age, whether in fake news, political polarisation or science denial, has come about because both scientific and literary cultures, in seeking a world without entropy, have inadvertently stumbled upon a world without meaning. In order to explain how this has happened, the paper first explores Snow's challenge: to describe the second law of thermodynamics. The paper then provides a description of entropy that is neutral with regard to ...
The People Who “Burn”: “Communication,” Unity, And Change In Belarusian Discourse On Public Creativity, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst
The People Who “Burn”: “Communication,” Unity, And Change In Belarusian Discourse On Public Creativity, Anton Dinerstein
The main intellectual problem I address in this study is how everyday communication activates the relationship between creativity, conflict, and change. More specifically, I look at how the communication of creativity becomes a process of transformation, innovation, and change and how people are propelled to create through everyday communication practices in the face of conflict and opposition. To approach this problem, I use the case of communication in modern-day Belarus to show how creativity becomes a vehicle for and a source of new social and cultural routines among the independent grassroots communities and initiatives in Minsk.
On one level, I ...
Poetry For Seers Or The Peruvian Visual Poetic Tradition In Front Of New Media, 2020 Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru
Poetry For Seers Or The Peruvian Visual Poetic Tradition In Front Of New Media, Michael Hurtado, Pamela Medina, Enrique García, Michael Prado
Electronic Literature Organization Conference 2020
Since the first decades of the twentieth century, Peruvian poetic tradition has been characterized by experimental uses of language. Among these possibilities, some records tensioned this medium from the link with the plastic arts, as in the case of the poetry of José María Eguren, while others opted for the playing with the spatiality and visuality of the blank sheet, such as in the case of the work of Carlos Oquendo de Amat. However, it is not until the appearance of the poetry of César Vallejo, specifically with a poems like Trilce in 1922, that these breakages force us to ...
Persuading And Convincing, 2020 University of Padua
Persuading And Convincing, Adelino Cattani
OSSA Conference Archive
I’ll propose a distinction based on historical, theoretical, and linguistic considerations between:
- two different ways of inducing a change of mind, that is persuading and convincing.
- two different ways of proving, that is rhetorical argumentation and logical-experimental demonstration.
There is a tendency to keep a distance from persuasion in favor of conviction. In everyday language, the difference between the two terms appears clear, and it is a distinction developed theoretically by many authors from Plato and Kant to Perelman. In particular:
1. Persuasion is centered chiefly on the speaker: it enhances one’s will and ability to modify other ...
Textures Of The Ordinary: Doing Anthropology After Wittgenstein [Table Of Contents], 2020 Fordham University
Textures Of The Ordinary: Doing Anthropology After Wittgenstein [Table Of Contents], Veena Das
Textures of the Ordinary: Doing Anthropology After Wittgenstein is an exploration of everyday life in which anthropology finds a companionship with philosophy. Based on two decades of ethnographic work among low-income urban families in India, Das shows how the notion of texture allows her to align her ethnography with stunning anthropological moments in Wittgenstein and Cavell as well as in literary texts from India. Das poses a compelling question – how might we speak of a human form of life when the very idea of the human has been put into question? The response to this question, Das argues, does not ...
Elucidation And The Solipsism Of The Tractatus, 2020 University of Nebraska Omaha
Elucidation And The Solipsism Of The Tractatus, Jacob Phillips
In Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP) of 1921, Ludwig Wittgenstein presents his metaphysical account of the logical structure of the world and language. He aims to establish the possibility of the connection between “pictures” of the world—including linguistic constructions as sentences—and the constituent elements of the world. The account Wittgenstein promotes yields, by his own admission, a form of solipsism. Underlying the difficulties in interpreting the details of Wittgenstein’s solipsism (which he does little to explicate), there is a fundamental tension between solipsism of any sort and a metaphysical account that relies on language, something which seems essentially shared ...
New Perspectives On Promoting Efl Teaching And Learning In Oman, 2020 Utah State University
New Perspectives On Promoting Efl Teaching And Learning In Oman, Jihan Sulaiman Al Naabi
All Graduate Plan B and other Reports
This portfolio is an accumulation of work that the author accomplished during her study in the program of Master of Second Language Teaching at Utah State University. It is an outcome of the author’s personal teaching experiences, insights gained from her master’s study, and several class observations as well.
The portfolio comprises three primary portions: (1) teaching perspectives, (2) research perspectives, and (3) an annotated bibliography. The teaching perspectives revolve around the author’s beliefs on the role of both teachers and students in L2 classrooms, the communicative teaching of grammar, and the value of a positive learning ...