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The Search For Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique Of Society’S Focus On Biological Childbearing, Jamie P. Ross 2016 Portland State University

The Search For Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique Of Society’S Focus On Biological Childbearing, Jamie P. Ross

Jamie P Ross

The Search for Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique of Society’s Focus on Biological Childbearing Abstract I suggest that a form of biological determinism rests on what philosopher John Dewey calls a misplaced “search for certainty.” This search is a process whereby a constructed desire is normalized within a cultural context and naturalized in the body in a manner that substantiates the desire as predictable. Predictability, therefore, justifies a biological basis of desire. In this paper I focus specifically on a desire to bear or produce a biological child: a desire that becomes predictable within a medical model of emotion based ...


Acknowledging Our Referees From September 2014 Through June 2016, Student Assistants, Editors FPQ 2016 Western University

Acknowledging Our Referees From September 2014 Through June 2016, Student Assistants, Editors Fpq

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

The editors express sincere gratitude to all those who have refereed for Feminist Philosophy Quarterly between September 2014 and June 2016.


Moral Failure — Response To Critics, Lisa Tessman 2016 Binghamton University

Moral Failure — Response To Critics, Lisa Tessman

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

I briefly introduce Moral Failure as a book that brings together philosophical and empirical work in moral psychology to examine moral requirements that are non-negotiable and that contravene the principle that “ought implies can.” I respond to Rivera by arguing that the process of construction that imbues normative requirements with authority need not systematize or eliminate conflicts between normative requirements. My response to Schwartzman clarifies what is problematic about nonideal theorizing that limits itself to offering action-guidance. In response to Kittay, I defend my rejection of “ought implies can,” and consider the implications of the concept of unfair moral requirements.


Possible Dilemmas Raised By Impossible Moral Requirements, Lisa Rivera 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Possible Dilemmas Raised By Impossible Moral Requirements, Lisa Rivera

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

The priority that Tessman’s argument gives to phenomenological and neuropsychological explanations of moral requirements entails a fundamental shift in our understanding of these. Two central problems of normative theory come together in Tessman’s account. The first arises when an agent’s sense of requirement clashes with what a systematic theory prescribes. The second arises when neuropsychological accounts fail to fit the prescription. Tessman argues that no account successfully resolves moral dilemmas such that ought always implies can, and she argues that neuropsychology explains our sense of impossible requirements. This explanation eliminates the role of a prescriptive theory in ...


Action-Guidance, Oppression, And Nonideal Theory, Lisa H. Schwartzman 2016 Michigan State University

Action-Guidance, Oppression, And Nonideal Theory, Lisa H. Schwartzman

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Lisa Tessman’s Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality raises important questions about ideal theory, oppression, and the role of action guidance in normative philosophy. After a brief overview of feminist and anti-racist philosophers’ critiques of ideal theory, I examine Tessman’s claim that nonideal oppression theorists focus too narrowly on action guidance and thereby obscure other important normative issues, such as the problem of moral failure. Although I agree with Tessman’s advocacy of a wider focus—and with her suggestion that situations of inevitable moral failure are particularly important to examine in contexts of oppression—I ...


Two Dogmas Of Moral Theory? Comments On Lisa Tessman’S Moral Failure, Eva F. Kittay 2016 Stony Brook University

Two Dogmas Of Moral Theory? Comments On Lisa Tessman’S Moral Failure, Eva F. Kittay

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

In Moral Failure, Lisa Tessman argues against two principles of moral theory, that ought implies can and that normative theory must be action-guiding. Although Tessman provides a trenchant account of how we are thrust into the misfortune of moral failure, often by our very efforts to act morally, and although she shows, through a discussion well-informed by the latest theorizing in ethics, neuroethics, and psychology, how much more moral theory can do than provide action-guiding principles, I argue that the two theses of moral theory that she disputes remain indispensable for ethical theory.


Pornographic Subordination, Power, And Feminist Alternatives, Matt L. Drabek 2016 ACT, Inc.

Pornographic Subordination, Power, And Feminist Alternatives, Matt L. Drabek

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

How does pornography subordinate on the basis of gender? I provide part of an answer in this paper by framing subordination as something that works through everyday classification. Under certain material and social conditions, pornography classifies people through labeling them in ways that connect to structures of oppression. I hope to show two things. First, pornographic content is not the major driving force behind pornography’s subordination of women. Second, pornography, when repurposed in new ways, carries the potential to counter the ill effects of other kinds of pornography, as feminist pornographers have attempted to show through their words and ...


Love Slaves And Wonder Women: Radical Feminism And Social Reform In The Psychology Of William Moulton Marston, Matthew J. Brown 2016 The University of Texas at Dallas

Love Slaves And Wonder Women: Radical Feminism And Social Reform In The Psychology Of William Moulton Marston, Matthew J. Brown

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

In contemporary histories of psychology, William Moulton Marston is remembered for helping develop the lie detector test. He is better remembered in the history of popular culture for creating the comic book superhero Wonder Woman. In his time, however, he contributed to psychological research in deception, basic emotions, abnormal psychology, sexuality, and consciousness. He was also a radical feminist with connections to women's rights movements. Marston's work is an instructive case for philosophers of science on the relation between science and values. Although Marston's case provides further evidence of the role that feminist values can play in ...


“Insane For The Destination:” Disrupting The Teleological Impulses Of Sylvia Plath’S Ariel And Adrienne Rich’S Diving Into The Wreck, Noah Christopher Brooksher 2016 College of William and Mary

“Insane For The Destination:” Disrupting The Teleological Impulses Of Sylvia Plath’S Ariel And Adrienne Rich’S Diving Into The Wreck, Noah Christopher Brooksher

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

Despite their complex poetry, the critical scholarship of Sylvia Plath and Adrienne Rich has been dominated by oversimplistic and reductive biographical and feminist readings that fail to engage with the nuanced texts. By contrast, this paper intends to examine these poets through a post-structuralist feminist framework. Not only does such a perspective challenge pre-existing critical assumptions of both poets’ work, but it also draws attention to their key differences: their treatment of selfhood and history. In Ariel, Plath’s rejection of a final, transcendent telos informs a poetics that challenges the romantic humanist view of the uniform subject predicated on ...


Spaces Of Visibility And Identity, Shelby R. Purdy 2016 East Tennessee State University

Spaces Of Visibility And Identity, Shelby R. Purdy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

“Spaces of Visibility and Identity” is an exploration on how being immersed in constant visibility has an effect on an individual’s identity. Visibility is not a narrow term meant to signify solely observation; rather, visibility is the state of existing within a world that does not allow for total isolation. To exist within the world is to be visible to others, and this visibility is inescapable. Visibility can be seen as a presentation or a disclosure of oneself to other beings. Existing within the world inevitably implies that one is presenting oneself to others, whether or not the presentation ...


Sexual Morality And Owning Our Own Bodies, Sarah E. Foreman 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Sexual Morality And Owning Our Own Bodies, Sarah E. Foreman

Ethics Essay Contest

In our current age of “hook-up cultures” and premarital sex, the issue of sexual morality in our society is one that must be addressed. As the younger generations become sexually active at earlier times in their lives, we need to discuss appropriate views of sexual activity and the moral limitations of sexual acts. Conventional sexual morality will tell us that sex outside of marriage is immoral. Another sexual ethic might claim that sex without love is not morally permissible. However, in today’s changing and ever more liberal society, it is important for us to come to terms with a ...


Nature, Feminism, And Flourishing: Human Nature And The Feminist Ethics Of Flourishing, Celeste D. Harvey 2016 Marquette University

Nature, Feminism, And Flourishing: Human Nature And The Feminist Ethics Of Flourishing, Celeste D. Harvey

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation examines the viability of a feminist ethic of flourishing. The possibility of a eudaimonist, or flourishing-based, ethic adapted for the needs of feminist ethics and politics has recently been raised by a number of feminist moral philosophers. However, in these discussions, the degree to which an ethic of flourishing requires a substantive conception of human nature has not been adequately addressed. Flourishing-based ethical theories appear to require a substantive account of the kind of thing whose flourishing is to be promoted, while contemporary academic feminism is characterized by a strong suspicion toward claims about human nature. Chapter one ...


Turn Me On Or Off: A Study On Epigenetics And Merleau-Ponty In Angela Carter’S “The Lady Of The House Of Love”, Solsiree Lynn Skarlinsky 2016 Florida International University

Turn Me On Or Off: A Study On Epigenetics And Merleau-Ponty In Angela Carter’S “The Lady Of The House Of Love”, Solsiree Lynn Skarlinsky

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to trace points of intersection between the too often divorced disciplines of literature, continental philosophy, and the hard sciences in Angela Carter’s “The Lady of the House of Love.” In short, this thesis will not only explore how such conversations surface within the short story, but will also serve as an explication of Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy of body and space, and the theory of epigenetics. Through these explications, the thesis itself will also gear one discipline towards the other as both theories intimately bind the environment with the body, and the body with the environment ...


David Novak And The Crisis Of Modern Jewish Thought, Steven Frankel 2016 Xavier University - Cincinnati

David Novak And The Crisis Of Modern Jewish Thought, Steven Frankel

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Tesitmony As Significance Negotiation, Jennifer F. Epp 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Tesitmony As Significance Negotiation, Jennifer F. Epp

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation addresses the following questions: How should epistemologists conceptualize testimony? What do people use testimony to do? And why does ‘what people do’ with testimony matter epistemically? In response to these questions I both define and characterize testimony.

While doing so I argue for the following answers, given here very briefly: What do people do when they testify? They tell each other things and avow that those things are true, offering their statements to others as reasons to believe. More importantly, they interact with each other in order to negotiate about significance. Why do these activities matter epistemically? Because ...


Wicked Problems And Transdisciplinarity Workshop., Danielle Lake 2016 Grand Valley State University

Wicked Problems And Transdisciplinarity Workshop., Danielle Lake

Danielle L Lake

Much of the research being conducted today requires not only a team of experts from disparate fields, but also the inclusion of stakeholders from across the public and private sectors as well as the consideration of wide-ranging epistemological and ethical issues. This is because many research projects are now designed to address wicked problems: dynamically complex, interdependent, high stakes issues with no simple or obvious definition.
This workshop is designed to fill the gap between formal disciplinary training and collaborative, participatory action efforts. Participants will explore how their own research addresses interdependent wicked problems, map the systems and actors involved ...


Homonationalism: From Critique To Diagnosis, Or, We Are All Homonational Now, C. Heike Schotten 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Homonationalism: From Critique To Diagnosis, Or, We Are All Homonational Now, C. Heike Schotten

C. Heike Schotten

This article tracks Jasbir Puar’s term “homonationalism” as its meaning has transformed in her scholarly work as well that of Maya Mikdashi. I argue that homonationalism has evolved from its original formulation as, in part, a critique of politics, into, in its current guise, a diagnostic of international political relations. Although this transition offers
insight into the international scene, I argue that homonationalism also loses its distinctiveness as a political formation in its own right as well as its critical capacity in the process. In particular, I argue that homonationalism becomes incapable of critically evaluating activist strategies, practices and ...


Antithetical Commentaries On X, Y And The Disruption Of Being, Eva Rocha 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Antithetical Commentaries On X, Y And The Disruption Of Being, Eva Rocha

Theses and Dissertations

Through discursive essays and poetic narrative, Antithetical Commentaries on X, Y and the Disruption of Being explores the tenuous relationship between modes of measurement and the struggle for human relevance in the post-contemporary digital age. In the introductory essay, “Not the Feather, but the Bird”, I give an overview of the inherent problems of object-oriented ontology, and how it relates to aesthetics and social issues of our times. In the Developmental Overview, I detail how I developed my installation approach and techniques, particularly with regard to the three-way dynamic of the artist:work:viewer relationship and how it can encourage ...


The Tension Between Traditional Consent And Affirmative Consent: A Kantian Solution, Marissa N. DeShon 2016 University of Akron

The Tension Between Traditional Consent And Affirmative Consent: A Kantian Solution, Marissa N. Deshon

Honors Research Projects

In this paper I analyze the issues present in the standard form of consent in contrast to the new form of affirmative consent being implemented across college campuses. I then offer a Kantian solution to the rape myths and beliefs present in our current rape culture. This view of sexual morality can then help the new affirmative consent laws function as they aim to.


The Public Vs. The Private, Elise "Alice" G. Roberson 2016 Augustana College

The Public Vs. The Private, Elise "Alice" G. Roberson

Mary Wollstonecraft Writing Award

No abstract provided.


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