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“He Who Laughs Last!” Terrorists, Nihilists, And Jokers, William S. Chavez, Luke McCracken 2021 University of California Santa Barbara

“He Who Laughs Last!” Terrorists, Nihilists, And Jokers, William S. Chavez, Luke Mccracken

Journal of Religion & Film

Since his debut in 1940, the Joker, famed adversary of the Batman, continues to permeate the American cultural mediascape not merely as an object of consumption but as an ongoing production of popular imagination. Joker mythmakers post-1986 have reimagined the character not as superhuman but as “depressingly ordinary,” inspiring audiences both to empathize with his existential plight and to fear his terroristic violence as an increasingly compelling model of reactionary resistance to institutionality. This article examines the recent history of modern terrorism in conjunction with the “pathological nihilism” diagnosed by Nietzsche in order to elucidate the stakes and implications of ...


Hume's Objects After Deleuze, Michael P. Harter 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Hume's Objects After Deleuze, Michael P. Harter

LSU Master's Theses

The skeptical challenge of David Hume in the 18th Century presented a shock to existing dogmatic thinking in philosophy. In challenging long-held and fundamental beliefs about the nature of causation and the external world, Hume would be categorized as a radical skeptic and anti-realist by his contemporaries and Immanuel Kant later on. However, renewed debate over these historical interpretations of Hume has emerged, and those under the New Hume banner argue that Hume held a realist position. However, all of these interpretations are not without their issues. In this thesis, I show that the historical readings of Hume misjudge the ...


Scarlett Baron. The Birth Of Intertextuality: The Riddle Of Creativity. Routledge, 2020., Mariaenrica Giannuzzi 2021 Cornell University

Scarlett Baron. The Birth Of Intertextuality: The Riddle Of Creativity. Routledge, 2020., Mariaenrica Giannuzzi

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Scarlett Baron. The Birth of Intertextuality: The Riddle of Creativity. Routledge, 2020. 381 pp.


Addictive Potential: Regimes, Tranformations, Circulations, Kayleigh E. Shield 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Addictive Potential: Regimes, Tranformations, Circulations, Kayleigh E. Shield

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis employs a poststructuralist framework to consider the possibilities for agency and resistance in consumer capitalism. The argument begins with an examination of figures who emerged in nineteenth century psychiatric discourses, and the roles that those figures play in poststructural and postmodern critiques of psychoanalysis and psychiatry, specifically in the work of Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. I then argue that David Foster Wallace’s Infinite Jest presents us with a new figure—the addict. My reading of Wallace is informed by poststructuralist critiques of psychiatric power and by Wallace’s own affinity for the fiction of ...


The Meaning Of “Phenomenology”: Qualitative And Philosophical Phenomenological Research Methods, Heath Williams 2021 Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai

The Meaning Of “Phenomenology”: Qualitative And Philosophical Phenomenological Research Methods, Heath Williams

The Qualitative Report

I show some problems with recent discussions within qualitative research that centre around the “authenticity” of phenomenological research methods. I argue that attempts to restrict the scope of the term “phenomenology” via reference to the phenomenological philosophy of Husserl are misguided, because the meaning of the term “phenomenology” is only broadly restricted by etymology. My argument has two prongs: first, via a discussion of Husserl, I show that the canonical phenomenological tradition gives rise to many traits of contemporary qualitative phenomenological theory that are purportedly insufficiently genuine (such as characterisations of phenomenology as “what-its-likeness” and presuppositionless description). Second, I argue ...


The Seduction Of Pessimism: Eros, Failure, And The Novel, Tom Ribitzky 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Seduction Of Pessimism: Eros, Failure, And The Novel, Tom Ribitzky

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In Plato’s Symposium, we get a pessimistic myth not only about love, but about the first experience of loss, in which we were once globular cosmic beings who were split in two by Zeus’s thunderbolts as punishment for not obeying the Olympian gods. Falling down to earth after the split, Zeus introduced eros out of pity for our condition. Our consolation was to find our other halves and hold on to them as a way of remembering what it was like when we were whole. But, as Allan Bloom notes:

…man’s condition soon worsened. In the beginning ...


Care Working Conditions: The Ethics And Politics Of Social Reproductive Labor From Aristotle To Marxist Feminism, Andrew R. Van't Land 2021 University of Kentucky

Care Working Conditions: The Ethics And Politics Of Social Reproductive Labor From Aristotle To Marxist Feminism, Andrew R. Van't Land

Theses and Dissertations--Philosophy

The spectre of an inescapably divided working class has haunted every generation of marxist theorists, including the latest wave of marxist feminists engaged in the research programme known as Social Reproduction Theory (SRT). In this dissertation, I will explain how Marx’s clear theoretical debt to Aristotle extends into the marxist feminist analysis of social reproductive labor and of the exploitation, class interests, and normative demands which condition such care workers. I will demonstrate how SRT can follow Marx’s own example in reading Aristotle, critically yet charitably, in order to resolve three problems. First, Aristotle’s original concept of ...


Hegel And The Problem Of Affluence, Thimo Heisenberg 2021 Bryn Mawr College

Hegel And The Problem Of Affluence, Thimo Heisenberg

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

It is widely known that Hegel’s Philosophy of Right recognizes poverty as one of the central problems of modern Civil Society. What is much less well-known, however, is that Hegel sees yet another structural problem at the opposite side of the economic spectrum: a problem of affluence. Indeed, as I show in this paper, Hegel’s text contains a detailed – yet sometimes overlooked – discussion of the detrimental psychological and sociological effects of great wealth, as well as of how to counter them. By bringing this discussion to the fore, we get a more complete picture of Hegel’s theory ...


Nietzsche: Metaphysician, Justin Remhof 2021 Old Dominion University

Nietzsche: Metaphysician, Justin Remhof

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Perhaps the most fundamental disagreement concerning Nietzsche’s view of metaphysics is that some commentators believe Nietzsche has a positive, systematic metaphysical project, and others deny this. Those who deny it hold that Nietzsche believes metaphysics has a special problem, that is, a distinctively problematic feature which distinguishes metaphysics from other areas of philosophy. In this paper, I investigate important features of Nietzsche’s metametaphysics in order to argue that Nietzsche does not, in fact, think metaphysics has a special problem. The result is that, against a longstanding view held in the literature, we should be reading Nietzsche as a ...


Concerning Mostly Nonacademic Aspects Of My July 2006 Visit To Salzburg, Austria For The 6th International Whitehead Conference At Salzburg University, Theodore Walker 2020 Southern Methodist University

Concerning Mostly Nonacademic Aspects Of My July 2006 Visit To Salzburg, Austria For The 6th International Whitehead Conference At Salzburg University, Theodore Walker

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

Here are travel notes concerning mostly nonacademic aspects of my July 2006 visit to Salzburg, Austria for the 6th International Whitehead Conference at Salzburg University. These travel notes supplement the book Whiteheadian Ethics: Abstracts and Papers from the Ethics Section of the Philosophy Group at the 6th International Whitehead Conference at the University of Salzburg, July 2006 (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008) edited by Theodore Walker Jr. and Mihály Toth.


Guilty Ethics: An Embodied Approach To Recognizing Colonial Oppression And Decolonial Projects, Rene M. Ramirez 2020 California State University Fullerton

Guilty Ethics: An Embodied Approach To Recognizing Colonial Oppression And Decolonial Projects, Rene M. Ramirez

The Macksey Journal

Despite decolonial thought offering many identifying features, I argue that to define decolonial philosophy as one type of action, or as merely justice, is itself an injustice. To present my argument, I first provide an understanding of how terminology can carry a colonial attitude and purview. Following this foundation, I then present the limitations of justice in comprehending colonial oppression and decolonial projects. I posit one identifying feature of colonial oppression and decolonial philosophy, namely the emotion of guilt. I believe my proposal of guilt, felt by the colonizing and decolonizing agent undercuts some, if not most, colonial aspects of ...


An Archaeology Of Contemporary Speculative Knowledge, Justas Patkauskas 2020 The University of Western Ontario

An Archaeology Of Contemporary Speculative Knowledge, Justas Patkauskas

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation investigates contemporary speculative knowledge grounded in the immanence episteme, which is struggling to emerge as a foundation for a new kind of absolute knowledge. Regarding method, I use Michel Foucault’s concept of archaeology, situating archaeology in the context of deconstruction. In general, by delineating the various differences and genealogies within immanence theory, I show that immanence is neither a monolithic homogeneity nor a schizophrenic multiplicity but a coherent, if troubled, ground for speculative thought.

In Chapter 1, I define deconstruction as a broad philosophical project concerned with the order of knowledge and the University and its disciplines ...


A Theodical Invitation, Joseph Carson 2020 Liberty University

A Theodical Invitation, Joseph Carson

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

While analytic philosophy has led the charge in answering the problem of evil (i.e., POE), postmodern theology and movements like radical orthodoxy incite a response to POE from a postmodern perspective. With skepticism toward purely metaphysical answers to evil, this essay relies on the writings of Dietrich Bonhoeffer and James K.A. Smith in order to offer a social, ecclesial, and non-rational response to the POE; furthermore, continental philosophy, postmodern theology, and social theory play a significant role in this paper. Supporting the conclusion that the Church is a heuristic, embodied answer to the POE, three contentions form the ...


What Prevents Us From Achieving Freedom?: A Freudian And Nietzschean View Of Freedom, Dipin Subedi 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

What Prevents Us From Achieving Freedom?: A Freudian And Nietzschean View Of Freedom, Dipin Subedi

The Macksey Journal

Freedom, an ubiquitous word in Western Civilization, can be interpreted as the entitlement of a citizen to speak, act, or think without repression from certain authorities. It is true that as a member of a democratic country, a citizen is free to participate in political deliberations that pertain to their right to debate and vote. This definition, however, applies to citizens of a state, not the individuals who are a part of the broader civilization. As soon as a citizen transforms into an individual residing in society, they are still haunted by the fetters that strip their freedom away from ...


In An Other’S Time: Re-Reading Hamlet With Lacan And Ljubljana To Discover Metametatextuality Beyond The Metatextual, Riley Spieler 2020 University of Chicago

In An Other’S Time: Re-Reading Hamlet With Lacan And Ljubljana To Discover Metametatextuality Beyond The Metatextual, Riley Spieler

The Macksey Journal

This paper offers a new reading of Hamlet based in Lacanian psychoanalysis and continental philosophy. Modern and contemporary readings of Shakespeare’s Hamlet attempt to reconcile the titular Dane by either criticizing or spurning his subjectivity. I see the play’s intense focus on his iconoclasm not as a failure nor a red herring best understood through another conceptual vehicle, but as a field of inquiry and judgement yet under-explored. By leveraging Jacques Lacan’s theories of the subject, particularly through the Ljubljana school’s (Slavoj Žižek and Alenka Zupančič) interpretations, this paper takes a careful view of the drama ...


Adam And The Fall: One That Loved Not Wisely, But Too Well, John A. Murphy 2020 DePaul University

Adam And The Fall: One That Loved Not Wisely, But Too Well, John A. Murphy

The Macksey Journal

Paradise Lost transforms the Bible’s story of Genesis—the creation and the Fall of humanity—into a fully developed epic poem. Traditional readings of both Paradise Lost and Genesis have often blamed Eve’s consumption of the fruit for the loss of paradise; however, it seems that those traditional readings have restricted the interpretations of the Fall to focus merely on the consumption of the fruit. These readings seem to ignore the situational conditions Milton creates and the motivations of the first people. In order to break away from the traditional interpretations of the Fall, I will examine free ...


Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis’ Jr, Ryan Andrew P. Hacek 2020 Purdue University

Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis’ Jr, Ryan Andrew P. Hacek

The Macksey Journal

This paper analyzes the relation between different forms of agency (as conceptualized by GWF Hegel) in the capitalist systems presented in postmodern literature. The subject of my paper is William Gaddis’ JR and its usage of postmodern techniques (from telephone conversations to clashing dialogue snippets) to express the chaos of late-stage capitalism. This paper argues that one can use Gaddis’ narrative to extrapolate the significance of Hegel's account of agency for our own contemporary world, because Gaddis depicts individuals in capitalism having different forms of agency within different spheres and through different projects. This multiplicity can be understood through ...


The Political Aesthetic Of Hannah Arendt: Modernity, Judgment, And Culture, Quixote R. Vassilakis 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Political Aesthetic Of Hannah Arendt: Modernity, Judgment, And Culture, Quixote R. Vassilakis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The plan of this thesis is, first, to interpret Arendt’s critique of the modern age. Next, this paper outlines Arendt’s reconceptualization of Kant’s theory of judgment as the basis for a novel model of the public sphere in light of the conditions of modernity. Finally, this paper explores Arendt’s poetics as a means of activating the faculty of judgment in order to reconcile with the modern world. In order to address the political crises of modernity, Arendt develops a political aesthetic alive to the role of narrative and culture in reconstituting political communities. I argue that ...


Nietzschean Problematics, Jacob Vangeest 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Nietzschean Problematics, Jacob Vangeest

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis is a commentary and exegesis on François Laruelle’s 1977 text Nietzsche contre Heidegger with a focus on the concept of the ‘Nietzschean problematic.’ It explores Laruelle’s use of Nietzsche by comparing his reading with that of Gilles Deleuze. This relation is explored in Deleuze and Laruelle’s reading of the Nietzschean problematic through the distinction between complementarity and supplementarity to enable a reading of Laruelle’s text as an extension of Deleuze’s project. This extension is one that simultaneously overturns what it extends. Laruelle’s aim is presented as a ‘machinic materialism’ infused with Derridean ...


Foucault, Affect, History: On The Art Of Feeling, Austin Chisholm 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Foucault, Affect, History: On The Art Of Feeling, Austin Chisholm

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

While the work of Michel Foucault has not generally been thought to engage in questions of affect, I argue that his work entails a meaningful engagement with such questions but in a way that challenges how we tend to think about affect. Drawing from Foucault’s oeuvre, I enter a series of dialogues with thinkers of affect, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, and Brian Massumi, in order to understand to what extent the turn to affect—especially for Sedgwick and Massumi—represents an attempt to work through a number of difficulties and tensions in Foucault’s thought ...


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