Human Rights In Chinese Tradition, 2017 Wesleyan University
Human Rights In Chinese Tradition, Stephen C. Angle
Stephen C. Angle
Circularity, Naturalism, And Desire-Based Reasons, 2017 University of Liverpool
Circularity, Naturalism, And Desire-Based Reasons, Attila Tanyi
Norm-Expressivism And Regress, 2017 University of Liverpool
Norm-Expressivism And Regress, Attila Tanyi
Fortifying The Self-Defense Justification Of Punishment, 2017 Northern Michigan University
Fortifying The Self-Defense Justification Of Punishment, Zac Cogley
David Boonin has recently advanced several challenges to the self-defense justification of punishment. Boonin argues that the self-defense justification of punishment justifies punishing the innocent, justifies disproportionate punishment, cannot account for mitigating excuses, and does not justify intentionally harming offenders as we do when we punish them. In this paper, I argue that the self-defense justification, suitably understood, can avoid all of these problems. To help demonstrate the self-defense theory’s attraction, I also develop some contrasts between the self-defense justification, Warren Quinn’s better known ‘auto-retaliator’ argument, and desert-based justifications of punishment. In sum, I show that the self-defense ...
An Ethical Evaluation Of The Modern Pharmaceutical Industry, 2017 Abilene Christian University
An Ethical Evaluation Of The Modern Pharmaceutical Industry, Kaitlyn Drennan
Dialogue & Nexus
Lack of transparency, wrongdoings, and unlawful promotion characterize the healthcare industry; these are especially prevalent within the pharmaceutical industry. Consequently, an investigation into the evidence of the corruption and the ethical infringement is needed. In this paper, I will evaluate the pharmaceutical industry’s adherence to the three major branches of ethics. The ever-increasing prices of pharmaceutical products, especially medications used for the combating of anaphylaxis and cancer, coupled with the compensatory-based medication promotion and research points to a major crisis in the realm of social justice. These examples, among many other current issues, lead to difficulties in individuals receiving ...
For Legal Principles, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
For Legal Principles, Mitchell N. Berman
Most legal thinkers believe that legal rules and legal principles are meaningfully distinguished. Many jurists may have no very precise distinction in mind, and those who do might not all agree. But it is widely believed that legal norms come in different logical types, and that one difference is reasonably well captured by a nomenclature that distinguishes “rules” from “principles.” Larry Alexander is the foremost challenger to this bit of legal-theoretic orthodoxy. In several articles, but especially in “Against Legal Principles,” an influential article co-authored with Ken Kress two decades ago, Alexander has argued that legal principles cannot exist.
Introduction To The Ethics Of Clothing And Clothing Production, 2017 Kennesaw State University
Introduction To The Ethics Of Clothing And Clothing Production, Linda Johnston
Siegel Institute Ethics Research Scholars
Introduction to the Ethics of Clothing and Clothing Production
Critical Ethics: Witnessing Otherness In La Última Niebla, 2017 South Dakota State University
Critical Ethics: Witnessing Otherness In La Última Niebla, Christine Garst-Santos
La última niebla [The Final Mist] (1935) by María Luisa Bombal presents a female protagonist traumatized by the restrictive gender norms of 1930s Argentina. One would expect that the protagonist’s increasing alienation throughout the novel and her ultimate surrender to an identity that she loathes would generate a compassionate response from readers. However, the text has generated a significant body of notably unsympathetic—and even censorious—criticism from scholars. In an effort to analyze why Bombal’s novel and the protagonist’s performance have been problematic for critics, I turn from literary theory to philosophy. By combining Richard Rorty ...
Spectral Bodies: Women's Resistance Across Time In North America, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Spectral Bodies: Women's Resistance Across Time In North America, Whitney C. Evanson
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This project contrasts the lived experiences of feminists within the EZLN in Mexico with the historical persecution of community outsiders during the Salem witch trials. I want to explore the differences between a radical political and social movement (the EZLN), and the radical shift in history in which women were accused of witchcraft based on hysteria and rumors. There are parallels between the witch trials and the causes of the Zapatista movement in the ways that women's bodies were treated--their political usefulness to create fear and obedience from citizens by murdering them for their defiance, burying them in shallow ...
A Defense Of The Unrestricted Kantian Moral Saint, 2017 Western Michigan University
A Defense Of The Unrestricted Kantian Moral Saint, Richard Szabo
The Hilltop Review
In this article I provide a defense for the worthiness of the moral paradigm of unrestricted Kantian Moral Sainthood from criticisms raised by Susan Wolf. She claims that actually achieving the ideal would result in undesirable moral fanatics with underdeveloped nonmoral characters that none of us would want to be like and so we should not aspire to this ideal of Moral Sainthood. My defense’s main thrust appeals to the impossibility of human beings achieving the demands of the ideal in the actual world in order to avoid Wolf’s objections. Because we can never become unrestricted Kantian Moral ...
[Not] Buying It: Prostitution As Unwanted Sex, 2017 University of Dayton
[Not] Buying It: Prostitution As Unwanted Sex, Rebecca Whisnant
Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
Noting the relative invisibility of prostitution buyers, or Johns, in discussions of the morality of prostitution, this article criticizes Johns’ behavior on the grounds that they are culpably involved in causing the typical harms of prostitution in the lives of the women whom they pay for sex. Those harms are, at bottom, the result of being habitually subjected to unwanted sex, and they are exacerbated rather than mitigated by such sex being bought and paid for. Efforts to normalize and legalize sex-buying should therefore be resisted.
Toward Just Hospitality, 2017 Westview Boys' Home
Toward Just Hospitality, Ron Bruner
Discernment: Theology and the Practice of Ministry
The ministry of Jesus moved through times of seeking justice, sharing hospitality, and withdrawing for prayer. Though inescapably “other” because of his divine identity, he sought solidarity with humans by becoming human and interacting with humanity through hospitable practices. The Ancient Mediterranean customs of hospitality were well-defined, but Jesus took this powerful cultural framework and changed its practice so that it produced reconciliation and justice.
This work briefly reviews the practice of hospitality in the time of Jesus. It also presents the work of scholars identifying linguistic markers that would have cued readers in the Ancient Mediterranean to recognize a ...
Fighting Domestic Terrorism: Art's Role In Social Activism, 2017 Washington University in St. Louis
Fighting Domestic Terrorism: Art's Role In Social Activism, Jonathan Cornell
Graduate School of Art Theses
Through a study into the complex web of Church and State, I describe how the American condition falters under a Capitalist regime. Throughout this thesis, I identify incongruences within pervading socio-political tropes. By dissections of religion and culture, I identify how the American people are subjugated by their own ideologies, thereby perpetuating a cycle of class struggle and social injustice. I assert that the American hero has failed in the face of material desire and blind faith to a ruling plutocracy, and that organized religion has been ultimately subsumed by politics as a tool of control. Using the visual ...
Initiating Research On Igniting Fires In The Blue Ridge Mountains During The Autumn 2016 Conflagration, Cynthia Twyford Fowler, Cynthia Fowler
An unprecedented moment in the fire ecology of the Blue Ridge Mountains occurred in Autumn 2016 when severe drought, frequent anthropogenic ignitions, and seasonality in disturbed deciduous forests fueled widespread burning. As the wildfires burned, wildland firefighters from around the U.S. temporarily moved into the region to assist local land managers. As wildfire risks increased and air quality decreased, local residents became increasingly interested in fire ecology. The community shifted continuously as wildfires were extinguished, wildland firefighters returned home, and local residents disengaged. In conducting research during the conflagration, obtaining consent from community members varied depending on whether or ...
Empowering Young People Through Conflict And Conciliation: Attending To The Political And Agonism In Democratic Education, 2017 Florida State University
Empowering Young People Through Conflict And Conciliation: Attending To The Political And Agonism In Democratic Education, Jane C. Lo
Democracy and Education
Deliberative models of democratic education encourage the discussion of controversial issues in the classroom (e.g., Hess, 2009); however, they tend to curtail conflicts for the sake of consensus. Agonism, on the other hand, can help support the deliberative model by attending to antagonism in productive ways (Ruitenberg, 2009). In this paper, I present how agonistic deliberation (the infusion of agonism into deliberation) can work as an account of the political that may help empower young people. The paper presents two classic democratic classroom practices—structured academic controversy (SAC) and debate—together as examples of how agonistic deliberation can help ...
Teaching For Toleration In Pluralist Liberal Democracies, 2017 KU Leuven
Teaching For Toleration In Pluralist Liberal Democracies, Betto A.F. Van Waarden
Democracy and Education
This article determines which education enables the perpetuation of diverse ways of life and the liberal democracy that accommodates this diversity. Liberals like John Rawls, Stephen Macedo, and William Galston have disagreed about the scope of civic education. Based on an analysis of toleration—the primary means for maintaining a pluralist liberal democracy—I argue that schools should teach democratic participatory skills and a minimal exposure to diversity to enable citizens to participate in the democratic process of defining which cultural and religious practices the state should tolerate or prohibit through its laws. To make this argument, I contend, in ...
Making Sex Work For The State : The Policing Of Sex Work In The United States., 2017 University of Louisville
Making Sex Work For The State : The Policing Of Sex Work In The United States., Madeline A Clabough
College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses
This thesis analyzes the ways that sex work is regulated within the United States, and analyze the ways that regulation is shaped by contemporary feminist discourse. To do so, it analyzes the ways in which sex workers have been and pathologized since the 19th century, and address the ways that these conceptualizations have been incorporated into the legal regulation of sex workers. Finally, this thesis will look to contemporary practices in the state regulation of sex workers, and argue that the relationship between neoliberalism, the carceral state, and what has come to be termed “carceral feminism” operate in conjunction to ...
Humanization Of The Enemy: The Pacifist Soldier And France In World War One, 2017 Dominican University of California
Humanization Of The Enemy: The Pacifist Soldier And France In World War One, Daniel E. Stockman
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
Not all French citizens were enthused by the prospect of war in 1914, nor were they all so willing to embrace a dehumanized view of the enemy. Some French citizens believed the “Great War” to be a patriotic endeavor. Propaganda encouraged this nationalism and the dehumanization of the enemy. “Political” pacifism existed within the French Third Republic psyche following France’s defeat in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War. However, these pacifistic undertones were systematically undermined as France began to militarize itself. Drawing from a series of notebooks, and established academic sources, this paper shows that some French soldiers endured a world ...
Humanity On The Verge Of Insanity: Maintaining Cultural Identity Against Oppressive Rule, 2017 Dominican University of California
Humanity On The Verge Of Insanity: Maintaining Cultural Identity Against Oppressive Rule, Danica Katarina Skoric
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
Ubuntu is a South African term in the Bantu language that translates to “human kindness.” This essay discusses the present-day impact of the South African philosophical concept of Ubuntu in light of the dehumanization, which Aboriginal Australians and Black South Africans faced, specifically during the period of 1960-1985. How has humanity been enslaved and degraded by assimilation and a cruel division of races, yet positively evolved and progressed due to the efforts of both female and male activists--in particular literary figure Oodgeroo Noonuccal and political leader Nelson Mandela? A lack of respect and tolerance as a result of colonialism has ...
Who Is Morally Responsible For Microfiber Pollution?, 2017 Washington University in St. Louis
Who Is Morally Responsible For Microfiber Pollution?, Luka Cai
Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters
Microplastic fiber pollution (MFP) is the persistence of microfibers (fibrous plastic particles less than 5mm in diameter and length) in the environment in levels sufficient to harm aquatic/marine ecosystems, primarily caused by the laundering of polyester garments. MFP is a compelling issue because it causes harm to natural habitats, animals, and human beings, harm that moral agents need to be held accountable for. I define moral responsibility as an agent’s accountability for an act which they voluntarily committed/contributed to. Causal responsibility is the relationship between an agent and an outcome of the agent’s act. I theorize ...