Designing A Convection-Cloud Chamber For Collision-Coalescence Using Large-Eddy Simulation With Bin Microphysics, 2024 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

#### Designing A Convection-Cloud Chamber For Collision-Coalescence Using Large-Eddy Simulation With Bin Microphysics, Aaron Wang, Mikhail Ovchinnikov, Fan Yang, Silvio Schmalfuss, Raymond A. Shaw

*Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2*

Collisional growth of cloud droplets is an essential yet uncertain process for drizzle and precipitation formation. To improve the quantitative understanding of this key component of cloud-aerosol-turbulence interactions, observational studies of collision-coalescence in a controlled laboratory environment are needed. In an existing convection-cloud chamber (the Pi Chamber), collisional growth is limited by low liquid water content and short droplet residence times. In this work, we use numerical simulations to explore various configurations of a convection-cloud chamber that may intensify collision-coalescence. We employ a large-eddy simulation (LES) model with a size-resolved (bin) cloud microphysics scheme to explore how cloud properties and …

Source Data For "Flowering Of Developable 2d Crystal Shapes In Closed, Fluid Membranes", 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Source Data For "Flowering Of Developable 2d Crystal Shapes In Closed, Fluid Membranes", Hao Wan, Geunwoong Jeon, Weiyue Xin, Gregory M. Grason, Maria M. Santore

*Data and Datasets*

Source data for "Flowering of Developable 2D Crystal Shapes in Closed, Fluid Membranes".

Robust Interventions In Network Epidemiology, 2024 University of Vermont

#### Robust Interventions In Network Epidemiology, Erik Weis

*Graduate College Dissertations and Theses*

Which individual should we vaccinate to minimize the spread of a disease? Designing optimal interventions of this kind can be formalized as an optimization problem on networks, in which we have to select a budgeted number of dynamically important nodes to receive treatment that optimizes a dynamical outcome. Describing this optimization problem requires specifying the network, a model of the dynamics, and an objective for the outcome of the dynamics. In real-world contexts, these inputs are vulnerable to misspecification---the network and dynamics must be inferred from data, and the decision-maker must operationalize some (potentially abstract) goal into a mathematical objective …

Electrochromic Polymers: From Electrodeposition To Hybrid Solid Devices, 2024 Rowan University

#### Electrochromic Polymers: From Electrodeposition To Hybrid Solid Devices, Haradou Sare, Dongmei Dong

*Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics*

This paper reports on the linear colorimetric and electrochromic (EC) characteristics of electrodeposited polyaniline (PANI) films. This paper also investigates the infrared EC properties of acid-doped PANI films. The electrochemical polymerization method was employed to create a porous and thin PANI film layer onto PET-ITO substrates. This layer was capped with WO3 film to create a gel electrolyte sandwich structure that demonstrates the compatibility of PANI films with cathodic WO3 films in full devices. The electrodeposition of the film was fabricated by applying different voltages and time, with the optimal film quality achieved with the 1.7 V voltage and a …

Disaggregating Longer-Term Trends From Seasonal Variations In Measured Pv System Performance, 2024 Technological University Dublin

#### Disaggregating Longer-Term Trends From Seasonal Variations In Measured Pv System Performance, Chibuisi Chinasaokwu Okorieimoh, Brian Norton, Michael Conlon

*Articles*

Photovoltaic (PV) systems are widely adopted for renewable energy generation, but their performance is influenced by complex interactions between longer-term trends and seasonal variations. This study aims to remove these factors and provide valuable insights for optimising PV system operation. We employ comprehensive datasets of measured PV system performance over five years, focusing on identifying the distinct contributions of longer-term trends and seasonal effects. To achieve this, we develop a novel analytical framework that combines time series and statistical analytical techniques. By applying this framework to the extensive performance data, we successfully break down the overall PV system output into …

Light Curve And Hardness Tests For Millilensing In Grb 950830, Grb 090717a, And Grb 200716c, 2024 Michigan Technological University

#### Light Curve And Hardness Tests For Millilensing In Grb 950830, Grb 090717a, And Grb 200716c, Oindabi Mukherjee, Robert J. Nemiroff

*Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2*

Two different temporal sections of a single gamma-ray burst (GRB) must be statistically similar to show an internal gravitational lensing signature. Here, two straightforward gravitational lensing tests are defined and applied: a light curve similarity test and a hardness similarity test. Gravitational millilensing has been claimed to be detected within several individual GRBs that contain two emission episodes separated by a time-delay. However, our analyses indicate that none of those claims satisfy both tests. The hardness similarity test performed on GRB 950830 and GRB 090717A found that the ratio between the second and the first emission episodes in each energy …

Cover And Content, 2024 TÜBİTAK

Lithography-Free Highly Sensitive Detection Of Glucose Based On Colloidal Spheres, 2024 Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University: Karamanoglu Mehmetbey Universitesi

#### Lithography-Free Highly Sensitive Detection Of Glucose Based On Colloidal Spheres, Habibe Durmaz

*Turkish Journal of Physics*

Diabetes has emerged as a global health crisis, with a substantial increase in prevalence and associated healthcare costs. The urgency for early diagnosis to prevent complications has fueled research into advanced biosensing technologies. Plasmonic sensors, leveraging localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), have gained prominence for their sensitivity. This study explores a metamaterial-based sensor platform comprising nanospheres fabricated through colloidal lithography. A comprehensive numerical and experimental analysis of the designed metamaterial-based perfect absorber is presented, focusing on the spectral response at the resonance frequency of 525 nm. Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations reveal the field and charge distributions, enabling a systematic exploration …

Effective Drag Coefficient Prediction On Single-View 2d Images Of Snowflakes, 2024 University of Vermont

#### Effective Drag Coefficient Prediction On Single-View 2d Images Of Snowflakes, Cameron Hudson

*Graduate College Dissertations and Theses*

The drag coefficient of snowflakes is an crucial particle descriptor that can quantify the relationships with the mass, shape, size, and fall speed of snowflake particles. Previous studies has relied on estimating and improving empirical correlations for the drag coefficient of particles, utilizing 3D images from the Multi-Angled Snowflake Camera Database (MASCDB) to estimate snowflake properties such as mass, geometry, shape classification, and rimming degree. However, predictions of the drag coefficient with single-view 2D images of snowflakes has proven to be a challenging problem, primarily due to the lack of data and time-consuming, expensive methods used to estimate snowflake shape …

Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, 2024 Loyola University Chicago

#### Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, Robert A. Mcnees Iv

*Physics: Faculty Publications and Other Works*

As the name suggests, these notes contain a summary of important conventions, definitions, identities, and various formulas that I often refer to. They may prove useful for researchers working in General Relativity, Supergravity, String Theory, Cosmology, and related areas.

Existence Of Well-Defined Pointer Observable Selects Tensor Product Factorizations Of Quantum Systems, 2024 Claremont Colleges

#### Existence Of Well-Defined Pointer Observable Selects Tensor Product Factorizations Of Quantum Systems, Brian Lee

*CMC Senior Theses*

In the decoherence account of quantum mechanics, a choice of particular tensor product structure (a particular partition of system into subsystems) is assumed. We explore whether it is possible to relax this arbitrary choice by requiring that a valid tensor product structure admits a quasi-classical description. Such tensor product structures are said to be quasi-classical or decoherence-selected tensor product structures. This project generalizes a 2-qubit quasi-classical tensor product structure selection algorithm to an n-qubit selection algorithm, which allows us to, for the first time, consider the relationship between decoherence-selected tensor product structures and locality-selected tensor product structures. To generalize the …

Synthesis And Characterization Of Quantum Materials, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Synthesis And Characterization Of Quantum Materials, Yunsheng Qiu

*Doctoral Dissertations*

"In this study, attempts were made to grow quantum materials that have recently undergone a profound change of perspective. These materials are involved in intricate macroscopic properties rooted in the subtle nature of quantum physics. To explore our understanding of quantum materials, this study includes three projects: Magnetic Topological Insulators, Topological Superconductors, and high-temperature superconductors.

A Cr-doped Sb_{2}Te_{3} is added to the category for the magnetic topological insulators project. Their transport properties are studied, and the origin of ferromagnetism is studied. Anomalous Hall effect is observed in the Hall measurements, and serval factors (cooling rate, dopant deficiency) …

Magneto-Thermal Limitations In Superconducting Cavities At High Radio-Frequency Fields, 2024 Old Dominion University

#### Magneto-Thermal Limitations In Superconducting Cavities At High Radio-Frequency Fields, I. Parajuli, G. Ciovati, A. Gurevich

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The performance of superconducting radio-frequency Nb cavities at high radio-frequency (rf) fields in the absence of field emission can be limited by either a sharp decrease of the quality factor Q_{0}(B_{p}) above peak surface magnetic fields B_{p} ∼100 mT or by a quench. We have measured Q_{0}(B_{p}) at 2 K of several 1.3 GHz single-cell Nb cavities with different grain sizes, and with different ambient magnetic fields and cooldown rates below the critical temperature. Temperature mapping and a novel magnetic field mapping systems were used to find the location of “hot-spots” …

Constraining Models For The Origin Of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays With A Novel Combined Analysis Of Arrival Directions, Spectrum, And Composition Data Measured At The Pierre Auger Observatory, 2024 The University of Adelaide

#### Constraining Models For The Origin Of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays With A Novel Combined Analysis Of Arrival Directions, Spectrum, And Composition Data Measured At The Pierre Auger Observatory, A. Abdul Halim, P. Abreu, M. Aglietta, I. Allekotte, K. Almeida Cheminant, A. Almela, B. Fick, D. Nitz, A. Puyleart, Et Al.

*Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2*

The combined fit of the measured energy spectrum and shower maximum depth distributions of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays is known to constrain the parameters of astrophysical models with homogeneous source distributions. Studies of the distribution of the cosmic-ray arrival directions show a better agreement with models in which a fraction of the flux is non-isotropic and associated with the nearby radio galaxy Centaurus A or with catalogs such as that of starburst galaxies. Here, we present a novel combination of both analyses by a simultaneous fit of arrival directions, energy spectrum, and composition data measured at the Pierre Auger Observatory. The …

Two-Center And Path Interference In Dissociative Capture In P+ H2 Collisions, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Two-Center And Path Interference In Dissociative Capture In P+ H2 Collisions, S. Bastola, M. Dhital, B. Lamichhane, A. Silvus, R. Lomsadze, A. Hasan, A. Igarashi, Michael Schulz

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We have measured and calculated fully differential cross sections (FDCS) for dissociative capture in 75-keV p+H2 collisions. FDCS were analyzed in the kinetic energy release (KER) ranges 0 to 2.1 eV and 4 to 7 eV for two different molecular orientations. In the latter range, dissociation is dominated by electronic excitation to the 2pπu state. Here, we observed two-center interference for an orientation in the plane perpendicular to the initial beam axis and parallel to the transverse momentum transfer. The interference pattern is afflicted with a constant phase shift of π. In the range KER=0 to 2.1 eV, dissociation is …

Counting Linearly Polarized Gluons With Lattice Qcd, 2024 Old Dominion University

#### Counting Linearly Polarized Gluons With Lattice Qcd, Shuai Zhao

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We outline an approach to calculate the transverse-momentum-dependent distribution of linearly polarized gluons inside an unpolarized hadron on the lattice with the help of large momentum effective theory. To achieve this purpose, we propose calculating a Euclidean version of the degree of polarization for a fast-moving hadron on the lattice, which is ultraviolet finite, and no soft function subtraction is needed. It indicates a practical way to explore the distribution of the linearly polarized gluons in a proton and the linearly polarized gluon effects in hadron collisions on the lattice.

Accelerating Markov Chain Monte Carlo Sampling With Diffusion Models, 2024 University of Adelaide

#### Accelerating Markov Chain Monte Carlo Sampling With Diffusion Models, N. T. Hunt-Smith, W. Melnitchouk, F. Ringer, N. Sato, A. W. Thomas, M. J. White

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Global fits of physics models require efficient methods for exploring high-dimensional and/or multimodal posterior functions. We introduce a novel method for accelerating Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling by pairing a Metropolis-Hastings algorithm with a diffusion model that can draw global samples with the aim of approximating the posterior. We briefly review diffusion models in the context of image synthesis before providing a streamlined diffusion model tailored towards low-dimensional data arrays. We then present our adapted Metropolis-Hastings algorithm which combines local proposals with global proposals taken from a diffusion model that is regularly trained on the samples produced during the …

Beam Spin Asymmetry Measurements Of Deeply Virtual Π⁰ Production With Clas12, 2024 Old Dominion University

#### Beam Spin Asymmetry Measurements Of Deeply Virtual Π⁰ Production With Clas12, The Clas Collaboration, A. Kim, S. Diehl, K. Joo, V. Kubarovsky, P. Achenbach, Z. Akbar, J. S. Alvarado, Whitney R. Armstrong, H. Atac, H. Avakian, C. Ayerbe Gayoso, L. Barion, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, B. Benkel, A. Bianconi, A. S. Biselli, M. Bondi, M. Zureck, Et Al.

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The new experimental measurements of beam spin asymmetry were performed for the deeply virtual exclusive π^{0} production in a wide kinematic region with the photon virtualities Q^{2} up to 6.6 GeV^{2}and the Bjorken scaling variable 𝓍_{B} in the valence regime. The data were collected by the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS12) at Jefferson Lab with longitudinally polarized 10.6 GeV electrons scattered on an unpolarized liquid-hydrogen target. Sizable asymmetry values indicate a substantial contribution from transverse virtual photon amplitudes to the polarized structure functions. The interpretation of these measurements in terms of the Generalized Parton Distributions …

A Formalism For Extracting Track Functions From Jet Measurements, 2024 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

#### A Formalism For Extracting Track Functions From Jet Measurements, Kyle Lee, Ian Moult, Felix Ringer, Wouter J. Waalewijn

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The continued success of the jet substructure program will require widespread use of tracking information to enable increasingly precise measurements of a broader class of observables. The recent reformulation of jet substructure in terms of energy correlators has simplified the incorporation of universal non-perturbative matrix elements, so called “track functions”, in jet substructure calculations. These advances make it timely to understand how these universal non-perturbative functions can be extracted from hadron collider data, which is complicated by the use jet algorithms. In this paper we introduce a new class of jet functions, which we call (semi-inclusive) track jet functions, which …

Double Distributions And Pseudodistributions, 2024 Old Dominion University

#### Double Distributions And Pseudodistributions, A. V. Radyushkin

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We describe the approach to lattice extraction of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) that is based on the use of the double distribution (DD) formalism within the pseudodistribution framework. The advantage of using DDs is that GPDs obtained in this way have the mandatory polynomiality property, a nontrivial correlation between 𝓍 and ξ dependences of GPDs. Another advantage of using DDs is that the D-term appears as an independent entity in the DD formalism rather than a part of GPDs H and E. We relate the ξ dependence of GPDs to the width of the α profiles of the corresponding DDs …