A Causal Inference Approach For Spike Train Interactions, 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### A Causal Inference Approach For Spike Train Interactions, Zach Saccomano

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Since the 1960s, neuroscientists have worked on the problem of estimating synaptic properties, such as connectivity and strength, from simultaneously recorded spike trains. Recent years have seen renewed interest in the problem coinciding with rapid advances in experimental technologies, including an approximate exponential increase in the number of neurons that can be recorded in parallel and perturbation techniques such as optogenetics that can be used to calibrate and validate causal hypotheses about functional connectivity. This thesis presents a mathematical examination of synaptic inference from two perspectives: (1) using in vivo data and biophysical models, we ask in what cases the …

The Fourier–Legendre Series Of Bessel Functions Of The First Kind And The Summed Series Involving 1F2 Hypergeometric Functions That Arise From Them, 2024 Portland State University

#### The Fourier–Legendre Series Of Bessel Functions Of The First Kind And The Summed Series Involving 1F2 Hypergeometric Functions That Arise From Them, Jack C. Straton

*Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

The Bessel function of the first kind JN^{(kx)} is expanded in a Fourier–Legendre series, as is the modified Bessel function of the first kind IN^{(kx)}. The purpose of these expansions in Legendre polynomials was not an attempt to rival established numerical methods for calculating Bessel functions but to provide a form for JN^{(kx)} useful for analytical work in the area of strong laser fields, where analytical integration over scattering angles is essential. Despite their primary purpose, one can easily truncate the series at 21 terms to provide 33-digit accuracy that matches the IEEE extended precision in …

Integral Representations Over Finite Limits For Quantum Amplitudes, 2024 Portland State University

#### Integral Representations Over Finite Limits For Quantum Amplitudes, Jack C. Straton

*Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

We extend previous research to derive three additional M-1-dimensional integral representations over the interval [0,1]" The prior version covered the interval [0,∞]" role="presentation position: relative;">[0,∞][0,∞]. This extension applies to products of M Slater orbitals, since they (and wave functions derived from them) appear in quantum transition amplitudes. It enables the magnitudes of coordinate vector differences (square roots of polynomials) |x1−x2|=x12−2x1x2cosθ+_{x22}" to be shifted from disjoint products of functions into a single quadratic form, allowing for the completion of its square. The M-1-dimensional integral representations of M Slater orbitals that both this extension and the prior version introduce …

Retardation Effects In Atom-Wall Interactions, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Retardation Effects In Atom-Wall Interactions, T. Das, C. A. Ullrich, Ulrich D. Jentschura

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

The onset of retardation effects in atom-wall interactions is studied. It is shown that the transition range from the 1/z3 short-range (van der Waals) interaction to the 1/z4 long-range (Casimir) retarded interaction critically depends on the atomic properties and on the dielectric function of the material. For simple non-alkali-metal atoms (e.g., ground-state hydrogen and ground-state helium) interacting with typical dielectric materials such as intrinsic silicon, the transition to the retarded regime is shown to proceed at a distance of about 10 nm (200 Bohr radii). This is much shorter than typical characteristic absorption wavelengths of solids. Larger transition regimes are …

Exciton Dynamics, Interaction, And Transport In Monolayers Of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Exciton Dynamics, Interaction, And Transport In Monolayers Of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Saroj Chand

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Monolayers Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have attracted much attention in recent years due to their promising optical and electronic properties for applications in optoelectronic devices. The rich multivalley band structure and sizable spin-orbit coupling in monolayer TMDs result in several optically bright and dark excitonic states with different spin and valley configurations. In the proposed works, we have developed experimental techniques and theoretical models to study the dynamics, interactions, and transport of both dark and bright excitons.

In W-based monolayers of TMDs, the momentum dark exciton cannot typically recombine optically, but they represent the lowest excitonic state of the system …

The Roaring Lion Of Berlin: The Life, Thought, And Influence Of Eugen Dühring, 2024 University of Missouri, St. Louis

#### The Roaring Lion Of Berlin: The Life, Thought, And Influence Of Eugen Dühring, Arden Roy

*Undergraduate Research Symposium*

The life and influence of 19th-century German polymath Eugen Dühring remain but a mere footnote in the history of ideas, being primarily relegated to the status of little more than a theoretical rival to Marxism in the German socialist movement and the occasional object of Freidrich Nietzsche's rhetorical flogging. Despite the current consensus on the subject, Eugen Dühring was a scholar of vast, remarkable learnedness, contributing greatly to philosophy, economics, and the natural sciences. The aim of this talk will be to clear the fog surrounding the life and work of the controversial blind scholar and give an account of …

On The Exact Helium Wave Function Expansion, Ii, An Exponential Modulated Form, 2024 University of Connecticut

#### On The Exact Helium Wave Function Expansion, Ii, An Exponential Modulated Form, Carl W. David

*Chemistry Education Materials*

A 1^{1}S wave function’s expansion for 2 electron atoms and ions is proposed employing an appropriate exponential factor and Fock’s logarithmic terms. The leading coefficient’s are presented.

Non-Hermitian Physics Achieved Via Non-Local Gilbert Damping, 2024 University of Windsor

#### Non-Hermitian Physics Achieved Via Non-Local Gilbert Damping, Trevor Joshua Macintosh

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

In this thesis, we study a simple model for a ferromagnet starting with Heisenberg exchange interaction including the effects of dissipation. Gilbert damping is consid- ered and generalized from an on-site term to include non-local damping interactions between neighbouring spins. The strength of the damping interaction between neigh- bours can be tuned individually to provide the freedom to change the parameters of the system and explore the range of possible non-Hermitian behaviours. We consider the example of a honeycomb lattice ferromagnet featuring Dirac cones and two sub- lattices and analyse the resulting spectra and eigenstates. Under periodic boundary conditions, we …

Superconductivity Of Amorphous And Crystalline Re–Lu Films, 2024 Chapman University

#### Superconductivity Of Amorphous And Crystalline Re–Lu Films, Serafim Teknowijoyo, Armen Gulian

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

We report on superconducting properties of a novel material: rhenium-lutetium films. Different compositions of Re*x*Lu binary are explored from *x* ≈ 3.8 to close to pure Re stoichiometry. The highest critical temperature, up to 7 K, is obtained for *x* ≈ 10.5 in accordance with electron dispersive spectroscopy results. Depending on the deposition conditions, polycrystalline or amorphous films are obtainable, both of which are interesting for practical use. Crystalline structure of polycrystalline phase is identified as a non-centrosymmetric superconductor using grazing incidence x-ray diffractometry. Superconducting properties were characterized both resistively and magnetically. Magnetoresistivity and AC/DC susceptibility measurements allowed …

Year-2 Progress Report On Numerical Methods For Bgk-Type Kinetic Equations, 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Year-2 Progress Report On Numerical Methods For Bgk-Type Kinetic Equations, Steven M. Wise, Evan Habbershaw

*Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Mathematics*

In this second progress report we expand upon our previous report and preliminary work. Specifically, we review some work on the numerical solution of single- and multi-species BGK-type kinetic equations of particle transport. Such equations model the motion of fluid particles via a density field when the kinetic theory of rarefied gases must be used in place of the continuum limit Navier-Stokes and Euler equations. The BGK-type equations describe the fluid in terms of phase space variables, and, in three space dimensions, require 6 independent phase-space variables (3 for space and 3 for velocity) for each species for accurate simulation. …

Evanescent Wave Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy Employing A Side-Polished Fiber For Methane Sensing, 2024 Centre for Advanced Photonics and Process Analysis, Munster Technological University, Cork, T12 P928, Ireland

#### Evanescent Wave Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy Employing A Side-Polished Fiber For Methane Sensing, Cian F. Twomey, Gabriele Biagi, Albert A. Ruth, Marilena Giglio, Vincenzo Spagnolo, Liam O'Faolain, Anton J. Walsh

*Cappa Publications*

We present an all-fiber-based laser gas analyzer (LGA) employing quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) and a side-polished fiber (SPF). The LGA comprises a custom quartz tuning fork (QTF) with 0.8 mm prong spacing, two acoustic micro-resonators (mR) located on either side of the prong spacing, and a single-mode fiber containing a 17 mm polished section passing through both mRs and QTF. The SPF polished face is positioned to enable the evanescent wave (EW) to create a photoacoustic wave and excite the fundamental flexural mode of the QTF. Sensor performance was demonstrated using methane in nitrogen gas mixtures, with CH4" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: …

Radon Plate-Out And The Effects Of Airflow And Electric Charge For Dark Matter Experiments, 2024 Southern Methodist University

#### Radon Plate-Out And The Effects Of Airflow And Electric Charge For Dark Matter Experiments, Faith Fang

*SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research*

The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (SuperCDMS) is an international collaboration designed to search for and detect dark matter particles, which make up ~85% of the matter in the universe. The plate-out, or deposition of naturally occurring radioactive decay byproducts onto surfaces, can create backgrounds that interfere with dark matter detection experiments. In the first series of these experiments, we analyze the amount of radon progeny, 214Pb and 214Bi, that plate-out on polycarbonate samples while controlling factors such as electric charge and airflow. These samples are exposed to radon-spiked nitrogen gas in a polycarbonate wind tunnel to simulate plate-out conditions in …

Buzzard To Cardinal: Improved Mock Catalogs For Large Galaxy Surveys, 2024 Ohio State University

#### Buzzard To Cardinal: Improved Mock Catalogs For Large Galaxy Surveys, Chun-Hao To, Joseph Derose, Risa H. Wechsler, Eli Rykoff, Hao-Yi Wu, Susmita Adhikari, Elisabeth Krause, Eduardo Rozo, David H. Weinberg

*Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

We present the Cardinal mock galaxy catalogs, a new version of the Buzzard simulation that has been updated to support ongoing and future cosmological surveys, including the Dark Energy Survey (DES), DESI, and LSST. These catalogs are based on a one-quarter sky simulation populated with galaxies out to a redshift of *z* = 2.35 to a depth of *m*_{r} = 27. Compared to the Buzzard mocks, the Cardinal mocks include an updated subhalo abundance matching model that considers orphan galaxies and includes mass-dependent scatter between galaxy luminosity and halo properties. This model can simultaneously fit galaxy clustering and group–galaxy …

Genome-Wide Profiling Of Novel Conserved Zea Mays Micrornas Along With Their Key Biological, Molecular And Cellular Targets And Validation Using An Rt-Pcr Platform, 2024 Colleges, Higher and Technical Education Department, Balochistan, Quetta-Pakistan

#### Genome-Wide Profiling Of Novel Conserved Zea Mays Micrornas Along With Their Key Biological, Molecular And Cellular Targets And Validation Using An Rt-Pcr Platform, Abdul Baqi, Sami Ullah, Muhammad Ayub, Muhammad Zafar Saleem, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Asad Ullah

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are typically non-coding RNAs that start off as endogenous molecules and regulate post-transcriptional levels of gene expression by mRNA degradation or translational repression. They are 18–26 nucleotides long, evolutionarily conserved and essential for predicting novel miRNAs in a variety of plants. Maize (*Zea mays*) is a significant food and forage crop in the globe today. In the present study, many maize miRNAs have been found to be associated with both plant development and responses to stress. In this study, 66 unique conserved maize miRNAs from 65 different miRNA families were predicted using several genomics-based methods …

The Role Of Cu (0-0.03) And Zn (0.02) Substitution On The Structural, Optical And Magnetic Properties Of Mgo Nanoparticles, 2024 Department of Physics, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan,

#### The Role Of Cu (0-0.03) And Zn (0.02) Substitution On The Structural, Optical And Magnetic Properties Of Mgo Nanoparticles, S. Naseem Shah, Atif Dawar, Yasmeen Bibi, Abid Ali, M. Asif Siddiqui

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

The co-precipitation method was employed to prepared Cu (0-0.03) and Zn (0.02) dual doped MgO nanoparticles. The secondary phases of CuO and Cu_{2}O were observed along with the cubical phase of MgO. The doping induced effect was noticed for the crystallite size variations (14.39-19.89 nm). The morphological transformation from spherical to rice-like shape were observed. The estimated values of optical bandgap (4.66-4.45 eV) were well correlated with the crystallite size and dopant concentrations. The ferromagnetic ordering was observed at room temperature and the enchantment in the coercivity (142.27 Oe) with Zn (0.02) doping was noticed. Such type of …

Beyond Standard Model: Structure Factors Of Models Of Different Quarks And Neutrinos As Spinning Structures Made Of Basic Fractional Charges +- E/3, 2024 Suffolk University

#### Beyond Standard Model: Structure Factors Of Models Of Different Quarks And Neutrinos As Spinning Structures Made Of Basic Fractional Charges +- E/3, Polievkt Perov

*College of Arts & Sciences Faculty Works*

We consider a possible line of “elementary” particles as composite spinning structures made of just two basic elementary particles of charges + e/3 and -e/3. In considered structures, up to 3 basic charges can be on the axis of rotation and other charges can be in a revolving motion about the axis. In addition to the simplest structures of quarks, an electron and a neutral particle containing mostly one or no charges on the axis of rotation, suggested initially in [4], we analyze possible spatial structures of spinning composite particles having 2 or 3 charges on the axis of rotation. …

Experimental Realization Of The Peregrine Soliton In Repulsive Two-Component Bose-Einstein Condensates, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Experimental Realization Of The Peregrine Soliton In Repulsive Two-Component Bose-Einstein Condensates, A. Romero-Ros, Garyfallia C. Katsimiga, Simeon I. Mistakidis, S. Mossman, G. Biondini, P. Schmelcher, P. Engels, P. G. Kevrekidis

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We Experimentally Realize the Peregrine Soliton in a Highly Particle-Imbalanced Two-Component Repulsive Bose-Einstein Condensate in the Immiscible Regime. The Effective Focusing Dynamics and Resulting Modulational Instability of the Minority Component Provide the Opportunity to Dynamically Create a Peregrine Soliton with the Aid of an Attractive Potential Well That Seeds the Initial Dynamics. The Peregrine Soliton Formation Is Highly Reproducible, And Our Experiments Allow Us to Separately Monitor the Minority and Majority Components, And to Compare with the Single Component Dynamics in the Absence or Presence of the Well with Varying Depths. We Showcase the Centrality of Each of the Ingredients …

Galactic Gamma-Ray Diffuse Emission At Tev Energies With Hawc Data, 2024 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

#### Galactic Gamma-Ray Diffuse Emission At Tev Energies With Hawc Data, R. Alfaro, C. Alvarez, J. C. Arteaga-Velázquez, K. P. Arunbabu, D. Avila Rojas, R. Babu, Et Al.

*Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2*

Galactic gamma-ray diffuse emission (GDE) is emitted by cosmic rays (CRs), ultra-relativistic protons, and electrons, interacting with gas and electromagnetic radiation fields in the interstellar medium. Here we present the analysis of teraelectronvolt diffuse emission from a region of the Galactic plane over the range in longitude of l ∈ [43°, 73°], using data collected with the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) detector. Spectral, longitudinal, and latitudinal distributions of the teraelectronvolt diffuse emission are shown. The radiation spectrum is compatible with the spectrum of the emission arising from a CR population with an index similar to that of the observed …

Programmable Heisenberg Interactions Between Floquet Qubits, 2024 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

#### Programmable Heisenberg Interactions Between Floquet Qubits, Long B. Nguyen, Yosep Kim, Akel Hashim, Noah Goss, Brian Marinelli, Bibek Bhandari, Debmalya Das, Ravi K. Naik, John Mark Kreikebaum, Andrew N. Jordan, David I. Santiago, Irfan Siddiqi

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The trade-off between robustness and tunability is a central challenge in the pursuit of quantum simulation and fault-tolerant quantum computation. In particular, quantum architectures are often designed to achieve high coherence at the expense of tunability. Many current qubit designs have fixed energy levels and consequently limited types of controllable interactions. Here by adiabatically transforming fixed-frequency superconducting circuits into modifiable Floquet qubits, we demonstrate an XXZ Heisenberg interaction with fully adjustable anisotropy. This interaction model can act as the primitive for an expressive set of quantum operations, but is also the basis for quantum simulations of spin systems. To illustrate …

The Dynamic Universe: Realizing The Potential Of Classical Time Domain And Multimessenger Astrophysics, 2024 NASA Ames Research Center

#### The Dynamic Universe: Realizing The Potential Of Classical Time Domain And Multimessenger Astrophysics, Steve B. Howell, D. Andrew Howell, R. A. Street, Melinda Soares-Furtado, Brian Jackson, Thomas P. Greene

*Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

In parallel with the multi-messenger revolution, major advances in time-domain astronomy across multiple science disciplines relevant to astrophysics are becoming more urgent to address. Aside from electromagnetic observations of gravitational wave events and explosive counterparts, there are a number of “classical” astrophysical areas that require new thinking for proper exploration in the time domain. How NASA, NSF, ESA, and ESO consider the 2020 USA Decadal Survey within the astronomy community, as well as the worldwide call to support and expand time domain and multi-messenger astrophysics, it is crucial that all areas of astrophysics, including stellar, galactic, Solar System, and exoplanetary …