Doubly Differential Cross Sections For Ionization In Proton Collisions With Atomic Hydrogen: Energy And Angular Distribution Of Emitted Electrons, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Doubly Differential Cross Sections For Ionization In Proton Collisions With Atomic Hydrogen: Energy And Angular Distribution Of Emitted Electrons, C. T. Plowman, K. H. Spicer, N. W. Antonio, M. S. Schöffler, Michael Schulz, I. Bray, A. S. Kadyrov

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We use the two-center wave-packet convergent close-coupling approach to ion-atom collisions to calculate the energy and angular distribution of electrons emitted in proton collisions with atomic hydrogen. Results are provided across a wide range of intermediate energies where many competing reaction channels make calculations challenging. The present data consistently agree with the available experimental measurements and improve upon previously available results based on perturbative and classical methods. Furthermore, we extend the range of electron angles and energies over which theoretical data are available for the doubly differential cross section for ionization. This provides strong evidence that at the level of …

Investigations Of Sulfurized Polymers For Their Use In Lithium-Sulfur Cells, 2024 Clemson University

#### Investigations Of Sulfurized Polymers For Their Use In Lithium-Sulfur Cells, Alan M. Rowland

*All Theses*

With the invention of the Lithium-Ion cell in the latter half of the 20th century, there has been a continued endeavor for innovation in compact energy-storage. Combined with the ever-growing need to move away from fossil fuels, electrochemical energy storage has seen a myriad of research projects in the pursuit of finding the ‘beyond-lithium’ cell. One of these projects that I personally assisted with was lithium-sulfur cells, which allow for a significantly greater energy storage capacity when compared to lithium-ion cells. In investigating a popular cathode in lithium-sulfur cells, sulfurized polyacrylonitrile (SPAN), it was hinted that there may be more …

Methods For Improving Low Frequency Selection And Electrode Firing Order In Cochlear Implants, 2024 University of New Orleans

#### Methods For Improving Low Frequency Selection And Electrode Firing Order In Cochlear Implants, James H. Keen Jr.

*University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations*

The Advanced Bionics cochlear implant devices allocate static frequency bins to electrode channels based on the natural tonotopic organization of the cochlea. These frequency bins are wide and limited, especially in the lower range. Considering that the fundamental tones of the human voice and the primary melodic tones in music are in this lower range, it is important to have accurate representation of this frequency content. Here, adjustments to the frequency bin allocation algorithm used in the crowdsourced CI Hackathon code are made to allow a more accurate representation of the original signal. First, the frequency bins allocated to each …

Rabi Oscillations And Entanglement Between Two Atoms Interacting By The Rydberg Blockade And With A Quantized Radiation Field Studied By The Jaynes-Cummings Model, 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### Rabi Oscillations And Entanglement Between Two Atoms Interacting By The Rydberg Blockade And With A Quantized Radiation Field Studied By The Jaynes-Cummings Model, Francisco D. Santillan, Andreas Hanke

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations*

The interaction between atoms and a quantized radiation field is fundamentally important in quantum optics and quantum information science. Due to their unusual properties, Rydberg atoms are promising building blocks for two-qubit gates and atom-light quantum interfaces, exploiting the Rydberg blockade interaction which prevents two atoms at close distance from being simultaneously excited to Rydberg states. Recently, this effect was used to engineer quantum processors based on arrays of interacting Rydberg atoms illuminated by Raman lasers. Motivated by these experiments, we extend the Jaynes-Cummings model to study the interaction between two Rydberg atoms interacting by the Rydberg blockade and a …

Dispersive Shock Waves In A One-Dimensional Droplet-Bearing Environment, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Dispersive Shock Waves In A One-Dimensional Droplet-Bearing Environment, Sathyanarayanan Chandramouli, S. I. Mistakidis, G. C. Katsimiga, P. G. Kevrekidis

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We demonstrate the controllable generation of distinct types of dispersive shock waves emerging in a quantum droplet bearing environment with the aid of steplike initial conditions. Dispersive regularization of the ensuing hydrodynamic singularities occurs due to the competition between mean-field repulsion and attractive quantum fluctuations. This interplay delineates the dominance of defocusing (hyperbolic) and focusing (elliptic) hydrodynamic phenomena being designated by the real and the imaginary speed of sound, respectively. Specifically, the symmetries of the extended Gross-Pitaevskii model led to a three-parameter family, encompassing two densities and a relative velocity of the underlying Riemann problem utilized herein. Surprisingly, dispersive shock …

Md Simulations Of Collision Effects For A Strongly Coupled Plasma, 2024 Utah State University

#### Md Simulations Of Collision Effects For A Strongly Coupled Plasma, Jawon Jo

*All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present*

Studying strongly coupled plasmas can be effectively accomplished using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We have developed an advanced MD simulation code that can analyze plasmas with various coupling parameters. This code employs a spherically symmetric cut-off Coulomb force verified through convergence tests by modulating the cut-off and minimum force ranges. Additionally, it incorporates a new algorithm for optimizing the initial positions of particles at a given temperature. This method maintains the temperature constant and the velocity distribution unchanged. As a result, we eliminate the unphysical initial rises and oscillations in temperature that a random distribution of positions causes. The code …

Dispersive Shock Waves In A One-Dimensional Droplet-Bearing Environment, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Dispersive Shock Waves In A One-Dimensional Droplet-Bearing Environment, Sathyanarayanan Chandramouli, S. I. Mistakidis, G. C. Katsimiga, P. G. Kevrekidis

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We demonstrate the controllable generation of distinct types of dispersive shock waves emerging in a quantum droplet bearing environment with the aid of steplike initial conditions. Dispersive regularization of the ensuing hydrodynamic singularities occurs due to the competition between mean-field repulsion and attractive quantum fluctuations. This interplay delineates the dominance of defocusing (hyperbolic) and focusing (elliptic) hydrodynamic phenomena being designated by the real and the imaginary speed of sound, respectively. Specifically, the symmetries of the extended Gross-Pitaevskii model led to a three-parameter family, encompassing two densities and a relative velocity of the underlying Riemann problem utilized herein. Surprisingly, dispersive shock …

Search For Physics Beyond The Standard Model In Top Quark Production With Additional Leptons In The Context Of Effective Field Theory, 2024 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Search For Physics Beyond The Standard Model In Top Quark Production With Additional Leptons In The Context Of Effective Field Theory, Furong Yan

*Dissertations and Doctoral Documents from University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2023–*

The dissertation presents a search for new physics impacting top quark productions within the framework of effective field theory (EFT). Potential new physics effects are parameterized in terms of 26 dimension-six EFT operators into the event yields of six distinct top production processes in the detector level. The analysis targets multilepton final states consisting of two leptons of the same charge, three leptons and four leptons. The events are further categorized and binned in terms of kinematic distributions in order to gain sensitivity to the new physics effects. A likelihood function is formulated based on the predicted distribution in each …

Investigation Of Seasonal Trends And Source Apportionment Of Particulate Matter (Pm2.5) In El Paso-Juarez Airshed, 2024 University of Texas at El Paso

#### Investigation Of Seasonal Trends And Source Apportionment Of Particulate Matter (Pm2.5) In El Paso-Juarez Airshed, Fatema Tuz Zohora

*Open Access Theses & Dissertations*

Using the data from Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) for the El Paso city throughout the years from 2021 to 2024 Particulate Matter (PM2.5) was measured to examine the seasonal distribution and sources. This study aims to understand the seasonal variability of PM2.5 concentrations, identify the significant impact of wildfire events on this and source apportionment.The analysis begins with a comprehensive examination of PM2.5 data from TCEQ highlighting the seasonal pattern, it was found that fine particulate matter was more prevalent in winter and tends to be down in spring, and in summer it is relatively lower, subsequently in …

Electroweak Interactions On The Deuteron, 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Electroweak Interactions On The Deuteron, Jose Luis Bonilla

*Doctoral Dissertations*

This research explores the intricacies of Electroweak Interactions on the Deuteron, with a particular focus on muon capture and the hyperfine shift in atomic and muonic deuterium. These processes are phenomena of significant importance in nuclear physics. Understanding these interactions is crucial for illuminating fundamental aspects of nuclear structure and providing insight into the fundamental forces and interactions governing atomic and nuclear systems, as well as related processes such as proton-proton fusion or other astrophysical reactions, which are phenomena that cannot be easily reproduced in a laboratory and require a theoretical treatment to predict observables. Through this research, we systematically …

Determining Heterogeneous Growth Rates Of Brucite On Magnesia Using Multiharmonic Qcm-D And X-Ray Scattering Methods, 2024 University of Texas at El Paso

#### Determining Heterogeneous Growth Rates Of Brucite On Magnesia Using Multiharmonic Qcm-D And X-Ray Scattering Methods, Pedro Josue Hernandez Penagos

*Open Access Theses & Dissertations*

The Earth’s temperature has increased in the last six decades mainly due to the emissions of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2). Mineral looping using magnesium oxide (MgO) is a promising approach for direct air capture (DAC) of CO2 from the atmosphere at the GtCO2/yr scale. The presence of humidity during the carbonation process will lead to a reaction between the MgO and water resulting in magnesium hydroxide formation, Mg(OH)2, growing over the MgO surface forming a shell-like structure. The influence of temperature and relative humidity variation on heterogeneous nucleation and crystal growth kinetics of Mg(OH)2 on MgO is not …

Quantum Circuit Optimization Leveraging Multi-Qubit Exchange Interactions In Spin Qubits, 2024 University of Texas at El Paso

#### Quantum Circuit Optimization Leveraging Multi-Qubit Exchange Interactions In Spin Qubits, Miguel Gonzalo Rodriguez

*Open Access Theses & Dissertations*

This thesis looks into how multi-qubit exchange interactions can be used to improve quantumcircuits in semiconductor quantum devices. Pairwise interactions between qubits are a common tenet of traditional quantum computing paradigms, although they can impose complexity and depth constraints on circuits. In order to improve the efficiency and scalability of quantum circuits, this research explores the theoretical underpinnings and practical uses of multi-qubit interactions. A thorough theoretical framework is formulated, outlining the mathematical equivalence of a unitary matrix representing interactions between multiple qubits. We obtain the timeevolution operator by analyzing the Hamiltonian of three spin-1/2 particles. A number of quantum …

Pion, Kaon, And Proton Production In Jet-Hadron Correlations From Pb-Pb Collisions At $\Sqrt{S_{Nn}}$=5.02 Tev Using The Alice Detector, 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Pion, Kaon, And Proton Production In Jet-Hadron Correlations From Pb-Pb Collisions At $\Sqrt{S_{Nn}}$=5.02 Tev Using The Alice Detector, Patrick J. Steffanic

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Interactions between hard probes and the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) are a rich probe of the dynamics of the QGP. In this thesis, we study the production of pions, kaons and protons from jet-hadron correlations in 0-10% and 30-50% central Pb-Pb collisions at √s_{NN} = 5.02 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. We focus our studies on low momentum jets with 20 GeV/c < p_{T}^{jet} < 40 GeV/c using associated hadrons with 1 GeV/c < p_{T}^{assoc.} < 10 GeV/c. The yields of associate pions, kaons and protons were measured in the near-side and away-side regions of the jet-hadron correlation function, and the baryon to meson and strange to non-strange meson ratios were computed. This is the first measurement of the strange to non-strange meson ratio for hadrons associated with a jet. We find the baryon to meson ratio for associated hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions to be within uncertainty of the ratio for inclusive charged hadrons in proton-proton collisions. The strange to non-strange meson ratio for associated hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions shows strong enhancement at intermediate p_{T}^{assoc.} relative to the ratio for inclusive charged hadrons in proton-proton collisions, with a hint of enhancement over the ratio for inclusive charged hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions. We find that …

Prompt Vs Local Redeposition: Model Refinement And Experimental Design For Understanding High-Z Net Erosion In Magnetic Confinement Fusion, 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Prompt Vs Local Redeposition: Model Refinement And Experimental Design For Understanding High-Z Net Erosion In Magnetic Confinement Fusion, Davis C. Easley

*Doctoral Dissertations*

The economic and engineering success of magnetic confinement fusion reactors significantly depends upon the optimization of plasma facing component (PFC) design. For high-Z PFCs, the critical engineering condition is minimal net erosion (i.e. gross erosion – redeposition). Here, we present a high-Z net erosion model discriminating three primary redeposition mechanisms: prompt (geometric-driven), local (sheath-driven), and far (scrape-off-layer-driven). Using these distinctions, we show modeling for high-Z net erosion in magnetic-confinement fusion over a matrix of key plasma parameters. With Sobol’ methods we assess the sensitivity of each mechanism and show that prompt-vs-local trade-off critically explains underprediction in redeposition losses of up …

Studies Of Exotic Electronic, Optical, And Electrochemical Properties In Nanoparticle Assembly And Graphene, 2024 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Studies Of Exotic Electronic, Optical, And Electrochemical Properties In Nanoparticle Assembly And Graphene, Jay Min Lim

*Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research*

It is well known that exotic properties and phenomena emerge as structural dimensions shrink to nanoscales. We self-assembled one-dimensional chains of gold nanoparticles in solution and quantified the growth process by monitoring the redshift of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). Curiously, the redshift stopped while the chains continued to rearrange as manifested by gradual reduction in the LSPR peak. Using electromagnetic simulations, we quantitatively explained the phenomena as a rapid “addition-polymerization” followed by a sharp transition to “condensation-process.” Next, recognizing the significant electric field enhancement in the interparticle gap, a photoluminescent-active Eu^{3+} ion was used to probe Surface-Enhanced Photoluminescence …

Smart Automatic Modal Hammer Predictor-Corrector Approach For Accurate Excitation Of Dynamical Systems, 2024 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Smart Automatic Modal Hammer Predictor-Corrector Approach For Accurate Excitation Of Dynamical Systems, Mohammad Nasr

*Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research*

This research introduces an innovative solution that revolutionizes the study of linear and nonlinear dynamical systems—a smart automatic modal hammer. With its affordability and intelligent capabilities, this automatic modal hammer becomes an invaluable tool for research and industry, enabling repeatable strikes with precise force control. This system's significance becomes particularly evident when studying nonlinear systems, which heavily rely on the excitation level for their dynamics. By offering a cost-effective design this proposed system proves to be robust in accelerating research on nonlinear dynamics, providing researchers with an efficient and accessible means to delve deeper into these complex systems. The proposed …

Particle-Imbalanced Weakly Interacting Quantum Droplets In One Dimension, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Particle-Imbalanced Weakly Interacting Quantum Droplets In One Dimension, I. A. Englezos, P. Schmelcher, S. I. Mistakidis

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We explore the formation of one-dimensional two-component quantum droplets with intercomponent particle imbalance using an ab initio many-body method. It is shown that for moderate particle imbalance each component maintains its droplet flat-top or Gaussian-type character depending on the intercomponent attraction. Importantly, large particle imbalance leads to a flat-top shape of the majority component with the minority exhibiting spatially localized configurations. The latter imprint modulations on the majority component which become more pronounced for increasing interspecies attraction. The same holds for larger mass or increasing repulsion of the minority species. Such structural transitions are also evident in the underlying two-body …

Novel Emergent Phases In A Two-Dimensional Superconductor, 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Novel Emergent Phases In A Two-Dimensional Superconductor, Simrandeep Kaur, Hemanta Kumar Kundu, Sumit Kumar, Anjana Dogra, Rajesh Narayanan, Thomas Vojta, Aveek Bid

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

In this letter, we report our observation of an extraordinarily rich phase diagram of a LaScO_{3}/SrTiO_{3} heterostructure. Close to the superconducting transition temperature, the system hosts a superconducting critical point of the Infinite-randomness type characterized by an effective dynamical exponent ν z that diverges logarithmically. At lower temperatures, we find the emergence of a magnetic field-tuned metallic phase that co-exists with a quantum Griffiths phase (QGP). Our study reveals a previously unobserved phenomenon in 2D superconductors—an unanticipated suppression of the QGP below a crossover temperature in this system. This concealment is accompanied by the destruction of the …

Novel Quantum Algorithms For Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (Nisq) Devices, 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Novel Quantum Algorithms For Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (Nisq) Devices, Shikha Bangar

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Quantum computers hold the immense potential to revolutionize the current computing technology. However, the available quantum hardware, known as noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) devices, poses a challenge as these devices have noise and imperfect qubits. Hence, there is a critical need to develop novel algorithms specifically designed to harness the capabilities of these devices. This work aims to develop and optimize such quantum algorithms for implementation on current quantum technologies by integrating principles from physics and machine learning. First, we developed the Quantum Imaginary Time Evolution (QITE) and Quantum Lanczos (QLanczos) algorithms on discrete-variable quantum computing settings to study the …

Quantum Computing And Information For Nuclear Physics, 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Quantum Computing And Information For Nuclear Physics, Chenyi Gu

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Quantum computation and quantum information, hot topics with immense potential, are making exciting strides in nuclear physics. The computational complexity of nuclear physics problems often surpasses the capabilities of classical computers, but quantum computing offers a promising solution. My research delves into the application of quantum computation and quantum information in nuclear physics.

I am curious about how to approach nuclear physics problems on a quantum computer. This dissertation studies how to prepare quantum states with quantum algorithms, as state preparation is a crucial initial step in studying nuclear dynamics. Two different quantum algorithms are studied: (i) the time-dependent method, …