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Spectroscopic Study Of A Possible Λ𝑛𝑛 Resonance And A Pair Of (E, E'K⁺) Reaction With A Tritium Target, Hall A Collaboration, B. Pandey, L. Tang, T. Gogami, Florian Hauenstein, Charles Hyde, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, Et al. 2022 Old Dominion University

Spectroscopic Study Of A Possible Λ𝑛𝑛 Resonance And A Pair Of (E, E'K⁺) Reaction With A Tritium Target, Hall A Collaboration, B. Pandey, L. Tang, T. Gogami, Florian Hauenstein, Charles Hyde, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

A mass spectroscopy experiment with a pair of nearly identical high-resolution spectrometers and a tritium target was performed in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Utilizing the (e,e′K+) reaction, enhancements, which may correspond to a possible Λnn resonance and a pair of ΣNN states, were observed with an energy resolution of about 1.21 MeV (σ), although greater statistics are needed to make definitive identifications. An experimentally measured Λnn state may provide a unique constraint in determining the Λn interaction, for which no scattering data exist. In addition, although bound A = 3 and 4 Σ hypernuclei have …


Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Cross Section At High Bjorken 𝓍B, F. Georges, M.N.H. Rashad, A. Stefanko, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, P. Zhu, et al. 2022 Old Dominion University

Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Cross Section At High Bjorken 𝓍B, F. Georges, M.N.H. Rashad, A. Stefanko, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, P. Zhu, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We report high-precision measurements of the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) cross section at high values of the Bjorken variable 𝓍B. DVCS is sensitive to the generalized parton distributions of the nucleon, which provide a three-dimensional description of its internal constituents. Using the exact analytic expression of the DVCS cross section for all possible polarization states of the initial and final electron and nucleon, and final state photon, we present the first experimental extraction of all four helicity-conserving Compton form factors (CFFs) of the nucleon as a function of 𝓍B, while systematically including helicity flip amplitudes. …


Determination Of The Argon Spectral Function From (E, E'P) Data, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, L. Jiang, A.M. Ankowski, D. Abrams, Florian Hauenstein, Charles Hyde, S. Wood, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, et al. 2022 Old Dominion University

Determination Of The Argon Spectral Function From (E, E'P) Data, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, L. Jiang, A.M. Ankowski, D. Abrams, Florian Hauenstein, Charles Hyde, S. Wood, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

The E12-14-012 experiment, performed in Jefferson Lab Hall A, has measured the (e,e′p) cross section in parallel kinematics using a natural argon target. Here, we report the full results of the analysis of the data set corresponding to beam energy 2.222 GeV, and spanning the missing momentum and missing energy range 15 ≲ pm ≲ 300  MeV /c and 12 ≲ Em ≲ 80  MeV. The reduced cross section, determined as a function of pm and Em with ≈ 4% accuracy, has been fitted using the results of Monte Carlo simulations involving a model spectral function and …


Magnetic Structure Of Few-Nucleon Systems At High Momentum Transfers In A Chiral Effective Field Theory Approach, A. Gnech, R. Schiavilla 2022 Old Dominion University

Magnetic Structure Of Few-Nucleon Systems At High Momentum Transfers In A Chiral Effective Field Theory Approach, A. Gnech, R. Schiavilla

Physics Faculty Publications

The five low-energy constants (LECs) in the electromagnetic current derived in chiral effective field theory (χEFT) up to one loop are determined by a simultaneous fit to the A=2−3 nuclei magnetic moments and to the deuteron magnetic form factor and threshold electrodisintegration at backward angles over a wide range of momentum transfers. The resulting parametrization then yields predictions for the 3He/3H magnetic form factors in excellent accord with the experimental values for momentum transfers ranging up to ≈0.8 GeV/c, beyond the expected regime of validity of the χEFT approach. The calculations are based on last-generation two-nucleon interactions …


Observation Of Azimuth-Dependent Suppression Of Hadron Pairs In Electron Scattering Off Nuclei, S. J. Paul, S. Morán, M. Arratia, A. El Alaoui, H. Hakobyan, W. Brooks, M. J. Amaryan, W. R. Armstrong, H. Atac, L. Baashen, N. A. Baltzell, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, B. Benkel, F. Benmokhtar, A. Bianconi, L. Biondo, A. S. Biselli, M. Bondi, F. Bossù, S. Boiarinov, K.-Th. Brinkmann, W. J. Briscoe, D. Bulumulla, V. D. Burkert, R. Capobianco, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, V. Chesnokov, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, P. L. Cole, M. Contalbrigo, G. Constantini, A. D' Angelo, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, M. Defurne, A. Deur, S. Diehl, C. Dilks, C. Djalali, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, L. El Fassi, P. Eugenio, S. Fegan, A. Filippi, G. Gavalian, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, A. A. Golubenko, G. Gosta, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, M. Hattawy, T. B. Hayward, D. Heddle, A. Hobart, M. Holtrop, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, E. L. Isupov, H. S. Jo, R. Johnston, K. Joo, S. Joosten, D. Keller, A. Khanal, M. Khandaker, W. Kim, A. Kripko, V. Kubarovsky, V. Lagerquist, L. Lanza, M. Leali, S. Lee, P. Lenisa, X. Li, K. Livingston, I.J.D. MacGregor, D. Marchand, V. Mascagna, B. McKinnon, Z. E. Meziani, S. Migliorati, R. G. Milner, T. Mineeva, M. Mirazita, V. I. Mokeev, P. Moran, C. Munoz Camacho, K. Neupane, D. Nguyen, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, P. Pandey, M. Paolone, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Paremuzyan, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, N. Pilleux, D. Pocanic, O. Pogorelko, M. Pokhrel, J. Poudel, J. W. Price, Y. Prok, B. A. Raue, T. Reed, M. Ripani, G. Rosner, F. Sabatié, C. Salgado, A. Schmidt, R. A. Schumacher, Y. G. Sharabian, E. V. Shirokov, U. Shrestha, P. Simmerling, D. Sokhan, N. Sparveris, S. Stepanyan, I. I. Strakovsky, S. Strauch, J. A. Tan, R. Tyson, M. Ungaro, S. Vallarino, L. Venturelli, H. Voskanyan, E. Voutier, X. Wei, R. Wishart, M. H. Wood, N. Zachariou, Z. W. Zhao, V. Ziegler, M. Zurek 2022 Old Dominion University

Observation Of Azimuth-Dependent Suppression Of Hadron Pairs In Electron Scattering Off Nuclei, S. J. Paul, S. Morán, M. Arratia, A. El Alaoui, H. Hakobyan, W. Brooks, M. J. Amaryan, W. R. Armstrong, H. Atac, L. Baashen, N. A. Baltzell, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, B. Benkel, F. Benmokhtar, A. Bianconi, L. Biondo, A. S. Biselli, M. Bondi, F. Bossù, S. Boiarinov, K.-Th. Brinkmann, W. J. Briscoe, D. Bulumulla, V. D. Burkert, R. Capobianco, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, V. Chesnokov, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, P. L. Cole, M. Contalbrigo, G. Constantini, A. D' Angelo, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, M. Defurne, A. Deur, S. Diehl, C. Dilks, C. Djalali, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, L. El Fassi, P. Eugenio, S. Fegan, A. Filippi, G. Gavalian, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, A. A. Golubenko, G. Gosta, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, M. Hattawy, T. B. Hayward, D. Heddle, A. Hobart, M. Holtrop, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, E. L. Isupov, H. S. Jo, R. Johnston, K. Joo, S. Joosten, D. Keller, A. Khanal, M. Khandaker, W. Kim, A. Kripko, V. Kubarovsky, V. Lagerquist, L. Lanza, M. Leali, S. Lee, P. Lenisa, X. Li, K. Livingston, I.J.D. Macgregor, D. Marchand, V. Mascagna, B. Mckinnon, Z. E. Meziani, S. Migliorati, R. G. Milner, T. Mineeva, M. Mirazita, V. I. Mokeev, P. Moran, C. Munoz Camacho, K. Neupane, D. Nguyen, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, P. Pandey, M. Paolone, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Paremuzyan, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, N. Pilleux, D. Pocanic, O. Pogorelko, M. Pokhrel, J. Poudel, J. W. Price, Y. Prok, B. A. Raue, T. Reed, M. Ripani, G. Rosner, F. Sabatié, C. Salgado, A. Schmidt, R. A. Schumacher, Y. G. Sharabian, E. V. Shirokov, U. Shrestha, P. Simmerling, D. Sokhan, N. Sparveris, S. Stepanyan, I. I. Strakovsky, S. Strauch, J. A. Tan, R. Tyson, M. Ungaro, S. Vallarino, L. Venturelli, H. Voskanyan, E. Voutier, X. Wei, R. Wishart, M. H. Wood, N. Zachariou, Z. W. Zhao, V. Ziegler, M. Zurek

Physics Faculty Publications

We present the first measurement of dihadron angular correlations in electron-nucleus scattering. The data were taken with the CLAS detector and a 5.0 GeV electron beam incident on deuterium, carbon, iron, and lead targets. Relative to deuterium, the nuclear yields of charged-pion pairs show a strong suppression for azimuthally opposite pairs, no suppression for azimuthally nearby pairs, and an enhancement of pairs with large invariant mass. These effects grow with increased nuclear size. The data are qualitatively described by the gibuu model, which suggests that hadrons form near the nuclear surface and undergo multiple scattering in nuclei. These results show …


Collinear Factorization At Subasymptotic Kinematics And Validation In A Diquark Spectator Model, Juan V. Guerrero, Alberto Accardi 2022 Old Dominion University

Collinear Factorization At Subasymptotic Kinematics And Validation In A Diquark Spectator Model, Juan V. Guerrero, Alberto Accardi

Physics Faculty Publications

We revisit the derivation of collinear factorization for Deep Inelastic Scattering at subasymptotic values of the four-momentum transfer squared, where the masses of the particles participating in the interaction cannot be neglected. By using an inclusive jet function to describe the scattered quark final state, we can restrict the needed parton kinematic approximations just to the four-momentum conservation of the hard scattering process, and explicitly expand the rest of the diagram in powers of the unobserved parton transverse momenta rather than neglecting those. This procedure provides one with more flexibility in fixing the virtuality of the scattered and recoiling partons …


Cosmogenically-Induced Backgrounds In Legend, Clay Douglas Barton 2022 University of South Dakota

Cosmogenically-Induced Backgrounds In Legend, Clay Douglas Barton

Dissertations and Theses

Neutrinoless double-beta decay (0νββ) is a hypothetical nuclear decay mode. 0νββ searches are a high priority in nuclear physics. Discovery would ascertain the nature of the neutrino as the first known fundamental Majorana particle, and have far-reaching implications for physics beyond the Standard Model, including a lower bound on the effective neutrino mass scale, first direct evidence of a lepton number violating process, and insight into the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The next-generation LEGEND (Large Enriched Germanium Experiment for Neutrinoless ββ Decay) project will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge. LEGEND builds on infrastructure and technical expertise of …


Verification Of Electron Beam Production For Radiation Dosimetry Experimentation, Henri J. LeMieux 2022 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Verification Of Electron Beam Production For Radiation Dosimetry Experimentation, Henri J. Lemieux

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Radiation is a natural phenomenon in which energy is emitted in the form of waves or particles through a given medium. Radiation dosimetry is the method of analyzing and assessing this deposited emitted energy. How this emitted energy effects a given object when deposited has been a topic of interest in the fields of science and medicine. In this paper, a novel method is proposed for the verification of electrons in air and determining their delivered dose rate. Using a linear accelerator which had its polarity flipped from producing positive ions to producing electrons, work to verify the production of …


New Measurements Of The Beam-Normal Single Spin Asymmetry In Elastic Electron Scattering Over A Range Of Spin-0 Nuclei, PREX and CREX Collaborations, D. Adhikari, H. Albataineh, D. Androic, F. Hauenstein, M.N.H. Rashad, W. Zhang, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, et al. 2022 Old Dominion University

New Measurements Of The Beam-Normal Single Spin Asymmetry In Elastic Electron Scattering Over A Range Of Spin-0 Nuclei, Prex And Crex Collaborations, D. Adhikari, H. Albataineh, D. Androic, F. Hauenstein, M.N.H. Rashad, W. Zhang, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We report precision determinations of the beam-normal single spin asymmetries (An) in the elastic scattering of 0.95 and 2.18 GeV electrons off 12C, 40Ca, 48Ca, and 208Pb at very forward angles where the most detailed theoretical calculations have been performed. The first measurements of An for 40Ca and 48Ca are found to be similar to that of 12C, consistent with expectations and thus demonstrating the validity of theoretical calculations for nuclei with Z ≤ 20. We also report An for 208Pb at two …


Searching For An Enhanced Signal Of The Onset Of Color Transparency In Baryons With D(E,E′P)N Scattering, Shujie Li, Carlos Yero, Jennifer Rittenhouse West, Clare Bennett, Wim Cosyn, Douglas Higinbotham, Misak Sargsian, Holly Szumila-Vance 2022 Old Dominion University

Searching For An Enhanced Signal Of The Onset Of Color Transparency In Baryons With D(E,E′P)N Scattering, Shujie Li, Carlos Yero, Jennifer Rittenhouse West, Clare Bennett, Wim Cosyn, Douglas Higinbotham, Misak Sargsian, Holly Szumila-Vance

Physics Faculty Publications

Observation of the onset of color transparency in baryons would provide a new means of studying the nuclear strong force and would be the first clear evidence of baryons transforming into a color-neutral point-like size in the nucleus as predicted by quantum chromodynamics. Recent C (e, e′p) results from electron-scattering did not observe the onset of color transparency (CT) in protons up to spacelike four-momentum transfers squared, Q2 = 14.2 GeV 2 . The traditional methods of searching for CT in (e, e′p) scattering use heavy targets favoring kinematics with already initially reduced final state interactions (FSIs) such that …


Neutrino Energy Reconstruction From Semi-Inclusive Samples, R. González-Jiménez, M. B. Barbaro, J. A. Caballero, T. W. Donnelly, N. Jachowicz, G.D. Megias, K. Niewczas, A. Nikolakopoulos, J.W. Van Orden, J. M. Udías 2022 Old Dominion University

Neutrino Energy Reconstruction From Semi-Inclusive Samples, R. González-Jiménez, M. B. Barbaro, J. A. Caballero, T. W. Donnelly, N. Jachowicz, G.D. Megias, K. Niewczas, A. Nikolakopoulos, J.W. Van Orden, J. M. Udías

Physics Faculty Publications

We study neutrino-nucleus charged-current reactions on finite nuclei for the situation in which an outgoing muon and a proton are detected in coincidence; i.e., we focus on semi-inclusive cross sections. We limit our attention to one-body current interactions (quasielastic scattering) and assess the impact of different nuclear effects in the determination of the neutrino energy. We identify the regions in phase space where the neutrino energy can be reconstructed relatively well and study whether the cross section in those regions is significant. Our results indicate that it is possible to filter more than 50% of all events according to the …


X17 Boson And The ³H(P, E⁺E⁻) ⁴He And ³He(N,E⁺E⁻) ⁴He Processes: A Theoretical Analysis, M. Viviani, E. Filandri, C. Gustavino, A. Kievsky, L. E. Marcucci, Rocco Schiavilla 2022 Old Dominion University

X17 Boson And The ³H(P, E⁺E⁻) ⁴He And ³He(N,E⁺E⁻) ⁴He Processes: A Theoretical Analysis, M. Viviani, E. Filandri, C. Gustavino, A. Kievsky, L. E. Marcucci, Rocco Schiavilla

Physics Faculty Publications

The present work deals with e+−e pair production in the four-nucleon system. We first analyze the process as a purely electromagnetic one in the context of a state-of-the-art approach to nuclear strong-interaction dynamics and nuclear electromagnetic currents, derived from chiral effective field theory (χEFT). Next, we examine how the exchange of a hypothetical low-mass boson would impact the cross section for such a process. We consider several possibilities, that this boson is either a scalar, pseudoscalar, vector, or axial particle. The ab initio calculations use exact hyperspherical-harmonics methods to describe the bound state and low-energy spectrum of …


Polarized Structure Function ΣLt' From 𝜋⁰P Electroproduction Data In The Resonance Region At 0.2 Gev² < Q² < 1.0 Gev², E. L. Isupov, V. D. Burkert, A. A. Golubenko, K. Joo, N. S. Markov, V. I. Mokeev, L. C. Smith, N. Zachariou, W. R. Armstrong, H. Atac, Et al 2022 Old Dominion University

Polarized Structure Function ΣLt' From 𝜋⁰P Electroproduction Data In The Resonance Region At 0.2 Gev² < Q² < 1.0 Gev², E. L. Isupov, V. D. Burkert, A. A. Golubenko, K. Joo, N. S. Markov, V. I. Mokeev, L. C. Smith, N. Zachariou, W. R. Armstrong, H. Atac, Et Al

Physics Faculty Publications

The first results on the σLT′ structure function in exclusive π0p electroproduction at invariant masses of the final state of 1.5GeV < W < 1.8 GeV and in the range of photon virtualities 0.4 GeV2 < Q2 < 1.0 GeV2 were obtained from data on beam spin asymmetries and differential cross sections measured with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. The Legendre moments determined from the σLT′ structure function have demonstrated sensitivity to the contributions from the nucleon resonances in the second and third resonance regions. These new data on the beam spin asymmetries in π0p electroproduction extend the opportunities for the extraction of the nucleon resonance electro-excitation amplitudes in …


Rapidity Evolution Of Tmds With Running Coupling, Ian Balitsky, Giovanni A. Chirilli 2022 Old Dominion University

Rapidity Evolution Of Tmds With Running Coupling, Ian Balitsky, Giovanni A. Chirilli

Physics Faculty Publications

The scale of a coupling constant for rapidity-only evolution of transverse-momentum dependent (TMD) operators in the Sudakov kinematic region is calculated using the Brodsky-Lepage-Mackenzie optimal scale setting [S. J. Brodsky et al., Phys. Rev. D 28, 228 (1983).]. The effective argument of a coupling constant is halfway in the logarithmical scale between the transverse momentum and energy of TMD distribution. The resulting rapidity-only evolution equation is solved for quark and gluon TMDs.


Measurement Of The Nucleon FN₂/FP₂ Structure Function Ratio By The Jefferson Lab Marathon Tritium/Helium-3 Deep Inelastic Scattering Experiment, D. Abrams, H. Albataineh, B. S. Aljawrneh, S. Alsalmi, D. Androic, K. Aniol, W. Armstrong, J. Arrington, H. Atac, T. Averett, C. Ayerbe Gayoso, X. Bai, J. Bane, J. Barcus, A. Beck, V. Bellini, H. Bhatt, D. Bhetuwal, D. Biswas, D. Blyth, W. Boeglin, D. Bulumulla, Et al. 2022 Old Dominion University

Measurement Of The Nucleon FN₂/FP₂ Structure Function Ratio By The Jefferson Lab Marathon Tritium/Helium-3 Deep Inelastic Scattering Experiment, D. Abrams, H. Albataineh, B. S. Aljawrneh, S. Alsalmi, D. Androic, K. Aniol, W. Armstrong, J. Arrington, H. Atac, T. Averett, C. Ayerbe Gayoso, X. Bai, J. Bane, J. Barcus, A. Beck, V. Bellini, H. Bhatt, D. Bhetuwal, D. Biswas, D. Blyth, W. Boeglin, D. Bulumulla, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

The ratio of the nucleon F2 structure functions, Fn2/Fp2, is determined by the MARATHON experiment from measurements of deep inelastic scattering of electrons from 3H and 3He nuclei. The experiment was performed in the Hall A Facility of Jefferson Lab using two high-resolution spectrometers for electron detection, and a cryogenic target system which included a low-activity tritium cell. The data analysis used a novel technique exploiting the mirror symmetry of the two nuclei, which essentially eliminates many theoretical uncertainties in the extraction of the ratio. The results, which cover the Bjorken …


Probing For High-Momentum Protons In ⁴He Via The ⁴He (E, E'P) X Reactions, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, S. Iqbal, F. Benmokhtar, M. Ivanov, L. B. Weinstein, X. Zheng, P. Zhu, R. Zielinski, et al 2022 Old Dominion University

Probing For High-Momentum Protons In ⁴He Via The ⁴He (E, E'P) X Reactions, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, S. Iqbal, F. Benmokhtar, M. Ivanov, L. B. Weinstein, X. Zheng, P. Zhu, R. Zielinski, Et Al

Physics Faculty Publications

Experimental cross sections for the 4He(e,e′p) X reactions in the missing energy range from 0.017 to 0.022 GeV and up to a missing momentum of 0.632 GeV/c at xB = 1.24 and Q2 = 2 (GeV/c)2 are reported. The data are compared to relativistic distorted-wave impulse approximation calculations for the 4He(e,e′p)3H channel. Significantly more events are observed for pm0.45 GeV/c than are predicted by the theoretical model, and striking fluctuations in the ratio of data to the theoretical model around pm = 0.3GeV/c are possible signals of initial-state multinucleon …


Beam-Spin Asymmetry Σ For Σ⁻ Hyperon Photoproduction Off The Neutron, N. Zachariou, E. Munevar, B. L. Berman, P. Bydžovský, A. Cieplý, G. Feldman, Y. Ilieva, P. Nadel-Turonski, D. Skoupil, A. V. Sarantsev, D. P. Watts b, M. J. Amaryan, G. Angelini, W. R. Armstrong, H. Atac, H. Avakian, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, Et al. 2022 Old Dominion University

Beam-Spin Asymmetry Σ For Σ⁻ Hyperon Photoproduction Off The Neutron, N. Zachariou, E. Munevar, B. L. Berman, P. Bydžovský, A. Cieplý, G. Feldman, Y. Ilieva, P. Nadel-Turonski, D. Skoupil, A. V. Sarantsev, D. P. Watts B, M. J. Amaryan, G. Angelini, W. R. Armstrong, H. Atac, H. Avakian, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We report a new measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry, Σ, for the 𝛾n → K+Σ reaction using quasi-free neutrons in a liquid-deuterium target. The new dataset includes data at previously unmeasured photon energy and angular ranges, thereby providing new constraints on partial wave analyses used to extract properties of the excited nucleon states. The experimental data were obtained using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS), housed in Hall B of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). The CLAS detector measured reaction products from a liquid-deuterium target produced by an energy-tagged, linearly polarised photon beam with …


Deep Learning Based Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavity Fault Classification At Jefferson Laboratory, Lasitha Vidyaratne, Adam Carpenter, Tom Powers, Chris Tennant, Khan M. Iftekharuddin, Md. Monibor Rahman, Anna S. Shabalina 2022 Old Dominion University

Deep Learning Based Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavity Fault Classification At Jefferson Laboratory, Lasitha Vidyaratne, Adam Carpenter, Tom Powers, Chris Tennant, Khan M. Iftekharuddin, Md. Monibor Rahman, Anna S. Shabalina

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

This work investigates the efficacy of deep learning (DL) for classifying C100 superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavity faults in the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab. CEBAF is a large, high-power continuous wave recirculating linac that utilizes 418 SRF cavities to accelerate electrons up to 12 GeV. Recent upgrades to CEBAF include installation of 11 new cryomodules (88 cavities) equipped with a low-level RF system that records RF time-series data from each cavity at the onset of an RF failure. Typically, subject matter experts (SME) analyze this data to determine the fault type and identify the cavity of …


Elastic And Inelastic Compton Scattering From Deuterium At 61 Mev, Danula Godagama 2022 University of Kentucky

Elastic And Inelastic Compton Scattering From Deuterium At 61 Mev, Danula Godagama

Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy

A Compton scattering experiment using deuteron as target nuclei was carried out at the HIγS free electron laser facility at Durham, NC, with the goal of extracting the electromagnetic scalar polarizabilities of the neutron, αn and βn. A beam of 61~MeV gamma photons with a narrow energy spread was incident on a liquid deuterium target. The scattered gamma rays were detected at three scattering angles, 55o, 115o and 150o. Backward-scattered gamma rays were detected using two large-volume NaI spectrometers with energy resolution (σE/E) better than 2%. The combined effect of …


Studies Of Time Variations Of The Magnetic Field In The Nedm@Sns Experiment, Mojtaba Behzadipour 2022 University of Kentucky

Studies Of Time Variations Of The Magnetic Field In The Nedm@Sns Experiment, Mojtaba Behzadipour

Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy

It is thought that equal quantities of matter and antimatter were generated at the moment of the Big Bang. However, observations of the Universe show that there is a significant excess of matter over antimatter. The matter-antimatter asymmetry in the Universe (baryon to photon ratio) is observed to be of the order of 10-10 [1]. Baryogenesis is a possible explanation for the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe. In 1967, Sakharov proposed three criteria necessary for Baryogenesis. The three conditions are: 1) baryon number violation, 2) C and CP violation and 3) departure from thermal equilibrium. However, the Standard Model's …


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