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Synthesis And Singlet Oxygen Generation Of Boron- 2-(4,5-Dibromo-1h-Imidazole-2-Yl)-3,5-Dipyrazolopyridine Complex For Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy, ZEYNEP EKMEKÇİ, SEDA KARAOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Synthesis And Singlet Oxygen Generation Of Boron- 2-(4,5-Dibromo-1h-Imidazole-2-Yl)-3,5-Dipyrazolopyridine Complex For Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy, Zeynep Ekmekçi̇, Seda Karaoğlu

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

In this study, the pyridine side of a boron 2-(2'-pyridyl) imidazole (BOPIM) core, which has very few derivatives synthesized in the literature and can show fluorescence properties in solid form, was derivatized with 1-methylpyrazole, predicted to have activity against fungi or bacteria according to the literature. Additionally, its imidazole side was brominated to increase the efficiency of singlet oxygen production by increasing the intersystem crossing. The photophysical properties of the new synthesized BOPIM derivative were investigated in general organic solvents with different polarities. While the wavelength of the maximum absorbance was determined as 406 nm in CH2Cl2 and THF, the …


Production Of Gelatin Fibrous Mats Using Different Nanofiber Production Methods For Medical Applications And Comparison Of Their Properties, Melike Güngör, KEVSER SAĞLAMKOL, ZEYNEP YAĞMUR BAYDEMİR, ALİ KILIÇ 2023 TÜBİTAK

Production Of Gelatin Fibrous Mats Using Different Nanofiber Production Methods For Medical Applications And Comparison Of Their Properties, Melike Güngör, Kevser Sağlamkol, Zeynep Yağmur Baydemi̇r, Ali̇ Kiliç

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

In the literature, there are studies on medical applications using different nanofiber production methods with natural polymers. However, each system has different fiber-forming capabilities. For this reason, in this study, we investigated the production of nanofibers from a biodegradable natural polymer, gelatin, using four separate nanofiber production methods, namely electrospinning (ES), electroblowing (EB), solution blowing (SB), and centrifugal spinning (CS). Our aim was to determine the most suitable fibrous web structure for medical applications and contribute to science in this respect. It was observed that the thinnest fibers (386 nm) and the heaviest mats (15.975 g m–2) were produced by …


Ph Responsive Curcumin Released From Urea-Amine Group Functionalized Mesoporous Organosilica Nanoparticles, OSMAN TAYYAR ARLI, YAŞAR GÖK, HALİL ZEKİ GÖK 2023 TÜBİTAK

Ph Responsive Curcumin Released From Urea-Amine Group Functionalized Mesoporous Organosilica Nanoparticles, Osman Tayyar Arli, Yaşar Gök, Hali̇l Zeki̇ Gök

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

Studies on natural products with anticancer properties have gained more importance in recent years in order to not damage healthy tissues during cancer treatments or to perform the treatment causing the least damage. Curcumin is a common natural product with anticancer properties, but its low solubility, instability, and bioavailability have limited its use in clinical applications in cancer research. As a proposed solution to this problem, a new mesoporous organosilica nanocarrier (MON-A) functionalized with a 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-diamine structure capable of pH-controlled release was prepared in this study. MON-A was characterized by TGA, BET, XRD, FT-IR, and SEM-EDS analyses. Dispersion of MON-A …


Optimum Pyrolysis Conditions To Prepare The Most Crystalline Boron Carbide Powder From Boric Acid–Mannitol Complex Ester, ABDULLAH DEVRİM PEKDEMİR, MÜŞERREF ÖNAL, YÜKSEL SARIKAYA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Optimum Pyrolysis Conditions To Prepare The Most Crystalline Boron Carbide Powder From Boric Acid–Mannitol Complex Ester, Abdullah Devri̇m Pekdemi̇r, Müşerref Önal, Yüksel Sarikaya

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

A weak acidic complex ester (CE) in solid form was prepared by a condensation reaction between very weak boric acid (BA: H3BO3) and (D)-mannitol (MA: C6H14O6) by the molar ratio of BA/MA = 2. A boron carbide (B4C) precursor was obtained from heating of the CE at 400 °C for 4 h. The precursor was pyrolyzed under argon flow in the interval of 1300–1550 °C for 4 h and at 1400 °C for 1–4 h, respectively. The materials were examined using several techniques such as X-ray diffraction analysis, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, particle size distribution, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption. The …


Scope And Limitations Of The Preparation Of Xanthones Using Eaton’S Reagent, JOHANN BOSSON 2023 TÜBİTAK

Scope And Limitations Of The Preparation Of Xanthones Using Eaton’S Reagent, Johann Bosson

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

Xanthones comprise a large family of heterocycles displaying fascinating biological properties. Many synthetic protocols have been developed for the preparation of natural and nonnatural xanthone derivatives. Among them, condensation reactions between salicylic acid derivatives and phenol partners are highly desirable. Those reactions can be satisfactorily performed using Eaton’s reagent (P2O5 in CH3SO3H). Despite being highly effective with a variety of substrates, this approach presents limitations that depend on the electronic nature of the reaction precursors. The scope and limitations of the Eaton’s reagent-mediated preparation of xanthones are herein presented and discussed. In short, this approach is limited to the utilization …


Bromination And Conversion Of Tetrahydro-1h-Indene To Bisoxirane With A New Approach: Synthesis, Structural Characterization By Spectroscopic And Theoretical Methods, And Biological Analysis Supported By Dft And Docking, RAŞİT FİKRET YILMAZ, SULTAN ERKAN, SALİH ÖKTEN, AHMET TUTAR, ERTAN ŞAHİN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Bromination And Conversion Of Tetrahydro-1h-Indene To Bisoxirane With A New Approach: Synthesis, Structural Characterization By Spectroscopic And Theoretical Methods, And Biological Analysis Supported By Dft And Docking, Raşi̇t Fi̇kret Yilmaz, Sultan Erkan, Sali̇h Ökten, Ahmet Tutar, Ertan Şahi̇n

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

In this study, a new method for synthesizing diepoxides is proposed. Tetrahydroindene 1 was brominated with NBS in the presence of LiClO4 and acetic acid, resulting in the formation of dibromodiacetate derivatives 2 and 3. Treatment of compounds 2 and 3 with NaOH in methanol produced a mixture of diepoxides 4 and 5. Additionally, direct bromination of tetrahydro-1H-indene yielded tetrabromo octahydroindene isomers 6 and 7. The structures of the compounds were characterized using spectroscopic techniques such as 1H NMR, 13C NMR, APT, COSY, and XRD. The new method provides an easy and selective route to access epoxides for the synthesis …


Quaternized Chitosan/Pva/Natural Bioactive Agent Electrospun Wound Scaffolds: Production, Characterization, And Investigation Of Release Kinetics, Ezgi Eren Belgin, CANKIZ GİZEM DELİBALTA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Quaternized Chitosan/Pva/Natural Bioactive Agent Electrospun Wound Scaffolds: Production, Characterization, And Investigation Of Release Kinetics, Ezgi Eren Belgin, Cankiz Gi̇zem Deli̇balta

Turkish Journal of Chemistry

Quaternized chitosan (HTCC) was synthesized and characterized to increase chitosan solubility. Then HTCC was electrospun with poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and prepared natural bioactive agent (Calendula officinalis) extract was loaded onto fibers for wound scaffold applications. Morphological, structural, and mechanical characterization of the produced wound scaffolds was performed and their in vitro bioactive component release behavior was investigated. As a result, it was observed that the degree of quaternization of chitosan was 0.89, and synthesized HTCC was soluble in acidic, basic, alkaline media and could be electrospun with PVA in the presence of a natural bioactive agent. The presence of …


Intelligent Control Based On Bp Artificial Neural Network For Electrochemical Nitrate Removal, Xin-Wan Zhang, Guang-Yuan Meng, Li-Qiang Fang, Ding-ming Chang, Tong Li, Jin-Wen Hu, Peng Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Le-Hua Zhang 2023 National Engineering Laboratory of High Concentration Refractory Organic Wastewater Treatment Technology, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai200237, China

Intelligent Control Based On Bp Artificial Neural Network For Electrochemical Nitrate Removal, Xin-Wan Zhang, Guang-Yuan Meng, Li-Qiang Fang, Ding-Ming Chang, Tong Li, Jin-Wen Hu, Peng Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Le-Hua Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Achieving effective control of parameters in the process of nitrate wastewater treatment is critical to electrochemical water treatment. The powerful nonlinear mapping ability, self-adaptation and self-learning ability of neural network technology can optimize the electrochemical processing. However, there are few researches in this direction. Hence, based on the test data of the electrochemical reduction of nitrate, an electrochemical prediction model was established by using the BP neural network algorithm. Considering the correlation of various parameters in the electrochemical process, the reaction time, initial nitrate nitrogen concentration, pH and current density were determined as the input layer of the BP neural …


Nitrogen-Doped Graphite Felt On The Performance Of Aqueous Quinone-Based Redox Flow Batteries, Heng Zhang, Li-Xing Xia, Shan Jiang, Fu-Zhi Wang, Zhan-Ao Tan 2023 State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China

Nitrogen-Doped Graphite Felt On The Performance Of Aqueous Quinone-Based Redox Flow Batteries, Heng Zhang, Li-Xing Xia, Shan Jiang, Fu-Zhi Wang, Zhan-Ao Tan

Journal of Electrochemistry

Modification of electrode is vitally important for achieving high energy efficiency in aqueous quinone-based redox flow batteries (AQRFBs). The modification of graphite felt (GF) was carried out by means of urea hydrothermal reaction, and simultaneously, the effects of hydrothermal reaction time on the functional groups and surface structure of nitrogen-doped graphite felt were studied. The surface morphology and defect, element content and surface chemical state of the modified electrode were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) test, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The electrochemical performance of the modified electrodes was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance …


An In-Situ Raman Spectroscopic Study On The Interfacial Process Of Carbonate-Based Electrolyte On Nanostructured Silver Electrode, Yu Gu, Yuan-Fei Hu, Wei-Wei Wang, En-Ming You, Shuai Tang, Jian-Jia Su, Jun Yi, Jia-Wei Yan, Zhong-Qun Tian, Bing-Wei Mao 2023 State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Innovation Laboratory for Sciences and Technologies of Energy Materials of Fujian Province (IKKEM), College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

An In-Situ Raman Spectroscopic Study On The Interfacial Process Of Carbonate-Based Electrolyte On Nanostructured Silver Electrode, Yu Gu, Yuan-Fei Hu, Wei-Wei Wang, En-Ming You, Shuai Tang, Jian-Jia Su, Jun Yi, Jia-Wei Yan, Zhong-Qun Tian, Bing-Wei Mao

Journal of Electrochemistry

The solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) plays a key role in anodes for rechargeable lithium-based battery technologies. However, a thorough understanding in the mechanisms of SEI formation and evolution remains a major challenge, hindering the rapid development and wide applications of Li-based batteries. Here, we devise a borrowing surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity strategy by utilizing a size optimized Ag nanosubstrate to in-situ monitor the formation and evolution of SEI, as well as its structure and chemistry in an ethylene carbonate-based electrolyte. To ensure a reliable in-situ SERS investigation, we designed a strict air-tight Raman cell with a three-electrode configuration. Based on …


Electrochemical Performance Of Porous Ceramic Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell, Heng-Ji Wang, Wen-Guo Chen, Zhou-Yi Quan, Kai Zhao, Yi-Fei Sun, Min Chen, Ogenko Volodymyr 2023 School of Materials Science and Hydrogen Energy, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China

Electrochemical Performance Of Porous Ceramic Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell, Heng-Ji Wang, Wen-Guo Chen, Zhou-Yi Quan, Kai Zhao, Yi-Fei Sun, Min Chen, Ogenko Volodymyr

Journal of Electrochemistry

Solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) is an efficient and clean energy conversion technology that can utilize electricity obtained from renewable resources, such as solar, wind, and geothermal energy to electrolyze water and produce hydrogen. The conversion of abundant intermittent energy to hydrogen energy would facilitate the efficient utilization of energy resources. SOEC is an all-ceramic electrochemical cell that operates in the intermediate to high temperature range of 500–750 ℃. Compared with traditional low temperature electrolysis technology (e.g., alkaline or proton exchange membrane cells operating at ~100 ℃), the high-temperature SOEC can increase the electrolysis efficiency from 80% to ~100%, providing …


Combined Risk Based Inspection And Fault Tree Analysis For Repetitive 3-Phase Line Piping Leakage At West Java Offshore Topside Facility, Dona Yuliati, Akhmad Herman Yuwono, Datu Rizal Asral, Donanta Dhaneswara 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Combined Risk Based Inspection And Fault Tree Analysis For Repetitive 3-Phase Line Piping Leakage At West Java Offshore Topside Facility, Dona Yuliati, Akhmad Herman Yuwono, Datu Rizal Asral, Donanta Dhaneswara

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Hydrocarbon releases might result in serious consequences in various aspects. In addition to the contribution to environmental pollution, repetitive leakages need high repair costs. This study aim is to minimize potential repetitive leakage for other typical 3-phase piping systems. We conducted the risk assessment by adopting Risk Based Inspection (RBI) API 581 to identify risk level, calculating piping lifetime, recommended inspection plan and mitigations. The most relevant root causes can be obtained through quantitative Fault Tree Analysis (FTA). Observation and investigation was taken from eight 3-phase piping systems that experienced repetitive leakages. It has been found that the risk level …


Nitrogen Gas Quenching Pressure Effect On Bs S155 Alloy Steel In Vacuum Furnace, Agus Mulyadi Hasanudin, Eddy Sumarno Siradj 2023 University of Indonesia, Depok

Nitrogen Gas Quenching Pressure Effect On Bs S155 Alloy Steel In Vacuum Furnace, Agus Mulyadi Hasanudin, Eddy Sumarno Siradj

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

The production of metal and alloy products requires the use of heat treatment, when during the heat treatment process, quenching is a crucial step. The quenching medium can be anything from water, a salt bath, oil, air and gas. In a vacuum furnace, pressurized gas, most frequently nitrogen (N2) gas, serves as one of the quenching mediums. One of the drawbacks of the quenching process is the distortion and dimensional change of the parts. This paper aims to investigate the influence of nitrogen gas quenching pressure on the distortion and dimensional change of aerospace actuator gear planet parts …


Search For Osme Bonds With Π Systems As Electron Donors, Xin Wang, Qingzhong Li, Steve Scheiner 2023 Yantai University

Search For Osme Bonds With Π Systems As Electron Donors, Xin Wang, Qingzhong Li, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The Osme bond is defined as pairing a Group 8 metal atom as an electron acceptor in a noncovalent interaction with a nucleophile. DFT calculations with the ωB97XD functional consider MO4 (M = Ru, Os) as the Lewis acid, paired with a series of π electron donors C2H2 , C2H4 , C6H6 , C4H5N, C4H4O, and C4H4S. The calculations establish interaction energies in the range between 9.5 and 26.4 kJ/mol. Os engages in stronger interactions than does Ru, …


Variables Affecting The Extraction Of Antioxidants In Cold And Hot Brew Coffee: A Review, Brian Yust, Frank Wilkinson, Niny Rao 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Variables Affecting The Extraction Of Antioxidants In Cold And Hot Brew Coffee: A Review, Brian Yust, Frank Wilkinson, Niny Rao

College of Life Sciences Faculty Papers

Coffee beans are a readily available, abundant source of antioxidants used worldwide. With the increasing interest in and consumption of coffee beverages globally, research into the production, preparation, and chemical profile of coffee has also increased in recent years. A wide range of variables such as roasting temperature, coffee grind size, brewing temperature, and brewing duration can have a significant impact on the extractable antioxidant content of coffee products. While there is no single standard method for measuring all of the antioxidants found in coffee, multiple methods which introduce the coffee product to a target molecule or reagent can be …


Investigation Of Zinc And Iron In Wildflower Honey, Savannah Simpson 2023 Coastal Carolina University

Investigation Of Zinc And Iron In Wildflower Honey, Savannah Simpson

Honors Theses

Honey acts as a valuable food source for both animals and humans. When found in contaminated environments, there is an increased likelihood that honey samples will have high metal concentrations. It has been discovered that honey concentrations in metals can be different based on location. This experiment aims to determine the amount of two valuable metals, zinc, and iron, in various honey sources. These metals can be important to the human body because they help boost immunity and allow the body to carry out the functions required for survival. However, if these elements are present in copious quantities, then it …


Advances In Cellulose Nanomaterial-Based Foams For Environmental Applications, Md Musfiqur Rahman 2023 University of Maine

Advances In Cellulose Nanomaterial-Based Foams For Environmental Applications, Md Musfiqur Rahman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The use of metal-oxide nanoparticles adsorbents is limited to fixed-bed columns in industrial-scale water treatment applications. This limitation is commonly attributed to the tendency of nanoparticles to aggregate, the use of non-sustainable and inefficient polymeric resins as supporting materials, or a lack of adsorption capacity. Foams and aerogels derived from cellulose nanomaterials have unique characteristics, such as high porosity and low density, which enables their use in a variety of environmental applications, including water treatment. However, the overall use of cellulose nanomaterial-based foams in various environmental sectors is limited due to the high cost of production associated with time- and …


Elucidating The Pd Active Sites Of Bimetallic Gold-Palladium Catalysts Using Chemisorption And Titration Techniques, Andrew T. Boucher 2023 University of Maine

Elucidating The Pd Active Sites Of Bimetallic Gold-Palladium Catalysts Using Chemisorption And Titration Techniques, Andrew T. Boucher

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst combines two different metals on an oxide support, which can increase the selectivity towards useful products that may be too tightly bound to a monometallic catalyst. To explore the surface properties of such a system, we made a group of four PdAu bimetallic catalysts with varying gold mass loadings to compare with a parent Pd catalyst. The parent catalyst was synthesized using ion exchange, and gold was added to this parent Pd catalyst using incipient wetness impregnation (IWI) to create four bimetallic catalysts. All catalysts were characterized using H2 and CO chemisorption in tandem with …


Synthesis Of Poly(Styrene-Co-Butyl Acrylate) Pickering Emulsion With Montmorillonite Nanoparticles And Its Comparison With Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Surfactant On Affecting The Water Barrier Properties Of Coated Paper, Chidubem H. Uchefuna 2023 University of Maine

Synthesis Of Poly(Styrene-Co-Butyl Acrylate) Pickering Emulsion With Montmorillonite Nanoparticles And Its Comparison With Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Surfactant On Affecting The Water Barrier Properties Of Coated Paper, Chidubem H. Uchefuna

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Water-borne barrier dispersion coatings on paper have emerged as an alternative to extrusion coatings on paper due to improved recycling, high application speed, and other end of life attributes. Pigments are often added to improve the performance of dispersion coatings. The use of pigments to form a Pickering emulsion during the polymerization step for the production of a barrier coating on paper has not been discussed in the literature.

In this study, montmorillonite (MMT) pigment varied from 0-6 % pigment volume concentration (PVC) was used to synthesize dispersion coatings consisting of poly(styrene-co-butylacrylate) latex and compared with sodium dodecyl …


Mutational Analysis Of The Nitrogenase Carbon Monoxide Protective Protein Cown Reveals That A Conserved C‑Terminal Glutamic Acid Residue Is Necessary For Its Activity, Dustin L. Willard, Joshuah J. Arellano, Mitch Underdahl, Terrence M. Lee, Avinash S. Ramaswamy, Gabriella Fumes, Agatha Kliman, Emily Y. Wong, Cedric P. Owens 2023 Chapman University

Mutational Analysis Of The Nitrogenase Carbon Monoxide Protective Protein Cown Reveals That A Conserved C‑Terminal Glutamic Acid Residue Is Necessary For Its Activity, Dustin L. Willard, Joshuah J. Arellano, Mitch Underdahl, Terrence M. Lee, Avinash S. Ramaswamy, Gabriella Fumes, Agatha Kliman, Emily Y. Wong, Cedric P. Owens

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Nitrogenase is the only enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of nitrogen gas into ammonia. Nitrogenase is tightly inhibited by the environmental gas carbon monoxide (CO). Many nitrogen fixing bacteria protect nitrogenase from CO inhibition using the protective protein CowN. This work demonstrates that a conserved glutamic acid residue near the C-terminus of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus CowN is necessary for its function. Mutation of the glutamic acid residue abolishes both CowN’s protection against CO inhibition and the ability of CowN to bind to nitrogenase. In contrast, a conserved C-terminal cysteine residue is not important for CO protection by CowN. Overall, this work …


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