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Integumentary System Commons

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Dermoscopic Features Of Uncomplicated Tinea Versus Steroid-Modified Tinea: An Observational Study In Indian Patients, Mithila Ninad Gadekar, Nausheen Syed, Ashutosh Chate, Sushrut Save 2021 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Vikhe Patil Institute of Medical Sciences, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Dermoscopic Features Of Uncomplicated Tinea Versus Steroid-Modified Tinea: An Observational Study In Indian Patients, Mithila Ninad Gadekar, Nausheen Syed, Ashutosh Chate, Sushrut Save

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Tinea is one of the most common superficial fungal skin infections. Steroid-modified tinea infections may present with atypical morphology. This study aims to observe the difference between dermoscopic features of uncomplicated dermatophytosis and steroid-modified dermatophytosis.
Methods: This observational study was conducted in 60 patients with tinea cruris, tinea corporis and tinea faciei in the outpatient dermatology department of a tertiary care center. Patients were divided into group A and group B. Group A included 30 patients with no history of steroid use in the past three months. Group B included 30 patients with a history of steroid …


Platelet-Rich-Fibrin For Venous Leg Ulcer Therapy, Karin Rachmani, Lis Surachmiati Suseno, Mutiara Ramadhiani 2021 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Platelet-Rich-Fibrin For Venous Leg Ulcer Therapy, Karin Rachmani, Lis Surachmiati Suseno, Mutiara Ramadhiani

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Venous leg ulcer (VLU) is a chronic condition in the chronic venous insufficiency clinical spectrum. It’s becoming a burden because of its chronicity, slower wound healing, accumulated high cost, and treatment is a challenging task. Platelet-rich-fibrin (PRF) is one of the newer modalities available for treating VLU. Previous studies have shown successful results by using PRF in leg ulcers. We reported a case of venous leg ulcer treated with PRF.
Case Illustration: A 47-year-old male came with an ulcer on the lower left leg for one year. The ulcer was preceded with a reddish, tender nodule with …


Low-Calorie Diet Improves Pasi Score In Psoriasis Patients With Obesity: An Evidence-Based Case Report, Kristian Kuniawan, Alessa Fahira, Edwin Ti Ramadan, Windy Keumala Budianti 2021 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Low-Calorie Diet Improves Pasi Score In Psoriasis Patients With Obesity: An Evidence-Based Case Report, Kristian Kuniawan, Alessa Fahira, Edwin Ti Ramadan, Windy Keumala Budianti

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: The association between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome is appealing as the two may share a similar cross-linking systemic inflammation process. The inflammation processes occurring in obesity and psoriasis may aggravate one another. This raised the question of whether a low-calorie diet would possibly reverse the aforementioned process. This study aims to determine whether calorie restriction reduces psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) in obese patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis receiving conventional treatment compared to no calorie restriction.
Methods: We searched Pubmed/Pubmed Central, ScienceDirect, Cochrane library, EBSCOhost, and Scopus databases using keywords derived from our clinical question. The inclusion …


Childhood-Onset Borderline Tuberculoid Leprosy With Reversal Reaction, Ramona D. Lubis, Mila Darmi, Rudi Chandra 2021 Department of Dermatology & Venereology, Universitas Sumatera Utara, H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Childhood-Onset Borderline Tuberculoid Leprosy With Reversal Reaction, Ramona D. Lubis, Mila Darmi, Rudi Chandra

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium lepraethat predominantly affects the skin and peripheral nerves. Leprosy among children is still common in endemic countries.

Case Illustration: A 12-year-old girl complained about a hypopigmented anesthetic patch on her face for 11 years, which became larger and spread slowly to her arms and legs. She had a history of close contact with her aunt, who was diagnosed with multibacillary leprosy. On slit-skin-smear test, acid-fast-bacilli (bacteriologic index +1) were found. She was diagnosed with multibacillary leprosy and treated with children’s multidrug therapy-multibacillary (MDT-MB) regimen. After 2 months of …


Clinical Characteristics And Treatment Regimen Of Pemphigus Patients: A Retrospective Study, Windy Keumala Budianti, Eyleny Meisyah Fitri, Puti Rineska Meilinda, Endi Novianto, Shafira Anindya, Arlha Aporia Debinta 2021 Dermato-Allergo-Immunology Division, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta

Clinical Characteristics And Treatment Regimen Of Pemphigus Patients: A Retrospective Study, Windy Keumala Budianti, Eyleny Meisyah Fitri, Puti Rineska Meilinda, Endi Novianto, Shafira Anindya, Arlha Aporia Debinta

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Pemphigus is a potentially life-threatening autoimmune bullous disease. In pemphigus, the therapeutic options are based on the clinical characteristics of each patient. However, other than corticosteroids, most therapeutic options for pemphigus are currently limited. Steroid-sparing agents might be considered since the initiation of therapy to prevent the side effects of corticosteroid. The objective of this study is to identify the clinical characteristics and therapy of choice in patients with pemphigus at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital.

Method: All cases of pemphigus from 2016 to 2018 at Dermato-Allergo-Immunology Clinic, Department of Dermatology and Venerology Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General …


A Comparison Of Single-Dose Versus Divided-Dose Of Metronidazole On Bacterial Vaginosis Among Female Sex Workers In Surakarta, Willa Damayanti, Rini Hastuti, Agung Triana, Danu Yuliarto, Ardelia Dyah Ayu, Endra Yustin Ellistasari 2021 Dermatovenereology Departement, Dr. Moewardi General Hospital/Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia

A Comparison Of Single-Dose Versus Divided-Dose Of Metronidazole On Bacterial Vaginosis Among Female Sex Workers In Surakarta, Willa Damayanti, Rini Hastuti, Agung Triana, Danu Yuliarto, Ardelia Dyah Ayu, Endra Yustin Ellistasari

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection in sexually active women. Metronidazole (MTZ) is still one of the recommended regimens for BV either as a single-dose or divided-dose. In addition to its affordability and availability, oral metronidazole also produces fewer adverse effects. This study aimedto determine the efficacy of single-dose versus divided-dose metronidazole for BV among female sex workers (FSWs) in Surakarta.

Methods: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted in Surakarta. FSWswith BV (⩾3 Amsel criteria) were enrolled. The subjects were grouped into two, and treated with MTZ either as a single-dose of …


Alternative Modality In The Treatment Of Acne Vulgaris: Low Level Laser Therapy, Rudi Chandra, Nelva K. Jusuf 2021 Department of Dermatology & Venereology, Medical Faculty of Universitas Prima Indonesia, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Alternative Modality In The Treatment Of Acne Vulgaris: Low Level Laser Therapy, Rudi Chandra, Nelva K. Jusuf

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit with polymorphic manifestations. The four key elements leading to the formation of acne lesions are alteration of follicular keratinization that leads to comedones, increased and altered sebum production under androgen control, follicular colonization by Propionibacterium acnes, and complex inflammatory mechanisms that involve both innate and acquired immunity. Phototherapy (light, lasers, and photodynamic therapy) has been proposed as an alternative therapeutic modality to treat acne vulgaris and is proposed to have less side effects compared to other treatment options. Recently, low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) which refers to the use …


Prevalence Of Cutibacterium Acnes And Staph Spp. In The Lesions Of Acne Vulgaris In Jakarta, Melyawati Hermawan, Enty Tjoa, Inneke J. Hidajat, Maria Teressa, Eka B. Layadi, Alegra Wolter 2021 Department of Dermatovenereology, Faculty of Medicine, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Prevalence Of Cutibacterium Acnes And Staph Spp. In The Lesions Of Acne Vulgaris In Jakarta, Melyawati Hermawan, Enty Tjoa, Inneke J. Hidajat, Maria Teressa, Eka B. Layadi, Alegra Wolter

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a chronic skin disorder that is commonly seen in young adults. Recent studies have shown that bacteria other than Cuticubacterium acnes found in the skin microbiota also play vital roles in the pathogenesis of AV. Understanding the skin microbiota and its disruption in patients with AV is paramount in treating patients with AV.

Methods: Samples were obtained from 36 subjects to evaluate the proportion of Cutibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Staphylococcus aureus in lesions of AV by means of bacterial culture.

Results: There were 69 specimens collected from the 36 subjects with …


Basal Cell Carcinoma In A 14-Year-Old: A Rare Case Of A Common Skin Cancer, Danang Tri Wahyudi, Firman Parrol, Aida Sofiati Hoemardani, Agassi Suseno Sutarjo 2021 Department of Dermatology & Venereology, Dharmais National Cancer Hospital, Jakarta

Basal Cell Carcinoma In A 14-Year-Old: A Rare Case Of A Common Skin Cancer, Danang Tri Wahyudi, Firman Parrol, Aida Sofiati Hoemardani, Agassi Suseno Sutarjo

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous malignancy. It usually arises in sun-exposed areas of the body, with the face and neck being the most common sites for BCC. BCC is typically found in older individuals, but it is becoming more prevalent in people younger than 50. However, such cases in children under 15 are rarely encountered. Pigmented BCC is a common presentation in people of color, while such presentation is relatively unusual in Caucasians. Pediatric cases could be idiopathic, but it is more commonly associated with a genetic defect, such as basal cell nevus syndrome, …


Multisystem Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis In High-Risk Group: A Case Series Of Two Infants, Anggun Putri Yuniaswan, Putri Rachma Safitri, Diah Prabawati Retnani 2021 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Dr. Saiful Anwar Regional General Hospital, Malang, Indonesia

Multisystem Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis In High-Risk Group: A Case Series Of Two Infants, Anggun Putri Yuniaswan, Putri Rachma Safitri, Diah Prabawati Retnani

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) has diverse manifestations, from asymptomatic to aggressive, which involves many organs. Histopathological examination playsa crucialrole as a basic diagnostic standard for LCH. Writing Group of the Histiocyte Society proposes a guideline for diagnosing LCH, divided into presumptive, designated, and definitive diagnosis.

Case Illustration: Two cases of a 14 month-old girl and an 18 month-old girl presented similar clinical manifestation and multi-organ involvement. Dermatological examination revealed red papules and plaques covered by brownish scales and crusts on the scalp and body, erosion in some folds of the body. Histopathological examination of the first case …


Dermoscopy-Guided Carbon Dioxide Laser Destruction For Nevus Sebaceous: Two Case Reports, Larisa Paramitha Wibawa, Kuniaki Ohara 2021 Dermatology & Venereology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia

Dermoscopy-Guided Carbon Dioxide Laser Destruction For Nevus Sebaceous: Two Case Reports, Larisa Paramitha Wibawa, Kuniaki Ohara

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Nevus sebaceous (NS) is a common hamartoma of the cutaneous adnexal structure, clinically appear as a well demarcated yellow-orange plaque, sometimes with verrucous surface. Dermoscopy may aid the diagnosis of NS and also guide carbon dioxide (CO2) laser therapy.

Case Illustration: Two cases of brown and yellowish plaque on the face, with clinical appearance, dermoscopic, and histopathological findings consistent with NS. The patients consented to undergo serial CO­2laser destruction, aimed to reduce recurrences and shorten the duration of the downtime. Dermoscopy aided in locating the area and the depth of each treatment.

Discussion: The dermoscopy finding …


Impact Of Scabies On Indonesian Public Boarding School Students’ Quality Of Life: A Mixed-Method Analysis, Sri Linuwih SW Menaldi, Danny Surya, Valensia Vivian The, Melani Marissa 2021 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia/ Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Impact Of Scabies On Indonesian Public Boarding School Students’ Quality Of Life: A Mixed-Method Analysis, Sri Linuwih Sw Menaldi, Danny Surya, Valensia Vivian The, Melani Marissa

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Scabies is a neglected tropical disease in which people affected primarily presents with intense pruritus. The disease is often recurrent, especially in people living in close contacts, such as in a community; thus, it negatively impacts their quality of life (QoL).This study analyzes the impact of pruritus in scabies on the QoL of patients living in a public boarding school (PBS) in West Java, Indonesia.

Methods: This study is a mixed-method study conducted on 39 subjects. TheQoL was examined using the Indonesian version of the dermatology life quality index (DLQI) questionnaire and in-depth interviews.

Results: Most …


Noninvasive Diagnostic Modality For Skin Cancer, Remenda Siregar, Raja Nurhayati, Widyaningsih Oentari, Ari Karmila Sari 2021 1 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan

Noninvasive Diagnostic Modality For Skin Cancer, Remenda Siregar, Raja Nurhayati, Widyaningsih Oentari, Ari Karmila Sari

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Histopathological examination is the gold standard for the diagnosis of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer, but it is an invasive procedure that consumes time and requires large costs. The average cure rate for skin cancer is high with early detection and appropriate treatment. This is an article review that was made through findings from several scientific articles. There are several noninvasive imaging modality choices that can be used for screening at low cost, high quality, and faster result, which includes dermoscopy, optical coherence tomography, reflectance confocal microscopy, electrical impedance spectroscopy, multispectral imaging, and SIAscopy®. These imaging modalities can assist in …


Evidence-Based Practice: Delaying Infant Bathing, Gabrielle Wadle, Grace Frankland 2021 Murray State University

Evidence-Based Practice: Delaying Infant Bathing, Gabrielle Wadle, Grace Frankland

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A hospital's policy regarding infant bathing is currently not congruent with best nursing practice. The hospital’s current policy is to bathe an infant once they are stable and their rectal temperature is at or above 98.6 °F. Although the infant may become stable within the first 24-hours of birth, the World Health Organization recommends that, “Bathing should be delayed until 24 hours after birth.” (2013, p. 4). Research has been completed to support delaying infant bathing until 24 hours post-delivery, suggesting potential modifications to current policy.


Efficacy Of 3d-Pore Sanitary Napkin On Mild-To-Moderate Irritant Contact Dermatitis In The Female Genital Area, Srie Prihianti Gondokaryono, Hanny Nilasari, Inge Ade Krisanti, Tia Febrianti, Herliyani Purba, Haruko Toyoshima, Danang Agung Yunaidi 2020 Dermatovenereology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran; Indonesian Society of Dermatology and Venereology

Efficacy Of 3d-Pore Sanitary Napkin On Mild-To-Moderate Irritant Contact Dermatitis In The Female Genital Area, Srie Prihianti Gondokaryono, Hanny Nilasari, Inge Ade Krisanti, Tia Febrianti, Herliyani Purba, Haruko Toyoshima, Danang Agung Yunaidi

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Women worldwide have their own strategies to cope with menstruation, and unhygienic menstrual practices often cause vaginal diseases. During menstruation, the skin is irritated by the remaining unabsorbed menstrual flow and sweat on sanitary pads. Irritation of vulvar skin by an external agent could cause contact dermatitis, which is an important contributor to vulvar diseases. Various sanitary napkins available today share similar materials. This study compared commonly used sanitary napkin among Indonesian women with 3D-pore sanitary napkin in terms of efficacy.

Methods: A randomized, controlled, single blind, crossover study of 72 participants who met the inclusion and …


Prevalence Of Nail Changes In Patients Infected With Hiv - A Cross Sectional Study, Seethalakshmi Ganga Vellaisamy, Priya Jeyaraman, Kannan Gopalan 2020 Department of Skin & Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vinayaka Mission’s Kirupananda Variyar Medical College & Hospital Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation Salem, Tamil Nadu 636308, India

Prevalence Of Nail Changes In Patients Infected With Hiv - A Cross Sectional Study, Seethalakshmi Ganga Vellaisamy, Priya Jeyaraman, Kannan Gopalan

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Introduction: The spectrum of nail changes is wider and their frequency is higher among HIV patients. These changes magnify the range and multiplicity of AIDS manifestations. Their systematic examination is a non-invasive method of possible diagnostic value.

Objective: The present study was conducted to study the frequency and types of nail changes in HIV infected individuals and to correlate the severity of nail changes with CD4 count.

Material and Method: This was a cross sectional study, conducted in Skin & STD Out-Patient department in a tertiary care hospital between March 2018 and April 2019. A total of …


Purpuric Lesion In A Patient With Leprosy: Was It A Lucio’S Phenomenon Or An Epiphenomenon?, Sri Linuwih Menaldi, Melani Marissa, Inadia Putri Chairista, Henry W. Lim, Rahadi Rihatmadja 2020 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Indonesia/ Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Purpuric Lesion In A Patient With Leprosy: Was It A Lucio’S Phenomenon Or An Epiphenomenon?, Sri Linuwih Menaldi, Melani Marissa, Inadia Putri Chairista, Henry W. Lim, Rahadi Rihatmadja

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Lucio’s phenomenon (LP) is a severe necrotizing cutaneous reaction that occurs in patients with Lucio’s leprosy. The exact pathomechanism is not fully understood, but typically abundant acid-fast bacilli in the walls of blood vessels point to direct perturbation of blood supply to the epidermis. We report a case of LP where epidermal necrosis occurred in the absence of vascular invasion by mycobacteria, raising the question whether this was an epiphenomenon or a true LP.

Case Illustration: A 34-year-old male was referred for an episodic swelling of his hands and feet that persisted for two years. There were …


Reversal Reaction With Nodules Clinical Manifestations That Initially Diagnosed As Erythema Nodosum Leprosum In Borderline Lepromatous Leprosy, Laila Tsaqilah, Pati Aji Achdiat, Hendra Gunawan 2020 Department of Dermato-venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia Dr Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Reversal Reaction With Nodules Clinical Manifestations That Initially Diagnosed As Erythema Nodosum Leprosum In Borderline Lepromatous Leprosy, Laila Tsaqilah, Pati Aji Achdiat, Hendra Gunawan

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: The reversal leprosy reaction generally manifest as larger, swollen, red and shiny the pre-existing skin lesions which are accompanied with pain. This reaction can be manifest as infiltration and nodules which resembles the features of erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) leprosy reaction.

Case Illustration: We present a case of 26-year-old woman with erythematous nodules on almost all the body since two weeks ago. She had pre-existing erythema plaque on the right elbow became more erythematous and arouse with partially felt pain, fever, and malaise. Nodule lesions in BL leprosy with reaction need to be distinguished between ENL and …


Lucio’S Phenomenon: A Report On Six Patients In A Tertiary Referral Hospital In Indonesia, Melani Marissa, Rahadi Rihatmadja, Denny Surya, Henry W. Lim, Sri Linuwih Menaldi 2020 Department of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia/ Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Lucio’S Phenomenon: A Report On Six Patients In A Tertiary Referral Hospital In Indonesia, Melani Marissa, Rahadi Rihatmadja, Denny Surya, Henry W. Lim, Sri Linuwih Menaldi

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Lucio's phenomenon (LP) is a rare variant of leprosy reaction, with the clinical manifestation of “necrotizing erythema.” LP was observed in patients with lepromatous leprosy who have not received or completed the treatment, and it is especially evident in patients with diffuse lepromatous leprosy (DLL), known as Lucio-Latapi’s leprosy. LP occurs due to M. leprae invading the blood vessels, causing endothelial damage that leads to thrombosis, ischemia, infarction, and tissue necrosis. The clinical features of the disease are erythematous lesions that can be accompanied by vesicles or bullae, with ulcers forming scar tissues. Histopathological examination can help establish …


Cutaneous Candidiasis Mimicking Inverse Psoriasis Lesion In A Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patient, Steven Philip Surya, Kardiana Purnama Dewi, Regina Regina 2020 Medical Profession Study Programme, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia

Cutaneous Candidiasis Mimicking Inverse Psoriasis Lesion In A Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patient, Steven Philip Surya, Kardiana Purnama Dewi, Regina Regina

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) condition could affect the skin. The disease is among the greatest risk factors of skin infection such as cutaneous candidiasis and is also associated with autoimmune skin diseases such as psoriasis, which lesion morphologies and predilection areas are quite similar. These similarities are a source of confusion to clinicians.

Case illustration: We present a 60-year-old female patient with uncontrolled T2DM and multiple erythematous plaques in the form of shiny lesions at the intertriginous area that developed 1 week prior to her hyperglycemic state. The lesions had recurred at the same site for …


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