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A Novel Brain Computer Interface Design, Steven Vogan 2023 Liberty University

A Novel Brain Computer Interface Design, Steven Vogan

Senior Honors Theses

A brain computer interface (BCI) is a system which connects neural signals to a computer system. They have been used for controlling systems including robotics, on-screen computer control such as mouse movement, typing, and synthesizing audio signals. Invasive, or implanted, systems are often long-term medical solutions, or used for research where very clear signal is required. Non-invasive systems usually rely on exterior signals gathered through a headset using one or more electrode sensors. These signals are composed of sums of neuron activation potentials from brain activity and can be used to determine particular aspects of brain function. All BCIs rely …


Additively Manufactured Engineered Fingerprint (Amef) Antenna And Related Detection, Eduardo Antonio Rojas, Noemi Miguelea-Gomez 2023 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Additively Manufactured Engineered Fingerprint (Amef) Antenna And Related Detection, Eduardo Antonio Rojas, Noemi Miguelea-Gomez

Publications

Antenna structures can include an additively manufactured engineered fingerprint (AMEF). AMEF antenna features facilitate individual or type classification of an unknown source antenna. As described herein, physical features can be included in an additively manufactured antenna to facili­tate source identification, such as without sacrificing antenna performance. In general, AMEF techniques can improve physical layer security, such as without dramatically increas­ing production cost or decreasing production throughput, as compared to other approaches.


Adaptive Gps Antenna Array Beam Nulling Effectiveness Under Varying Antenna Element Positioning, Aadesh Neel 2023 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Adaptive Gps Antenna Array Beam Nulling Effectiveness Under Varying Antenna Element Positioning, Aadesh Neel

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Global Positioning System (GPS) is an essential part of modern life but is susceptible to same frequency jamming. GPS jamming can add excessive noise to a received low power signal and have the capability to change or completely distort information being sent through the GPS signal. Adaptive antenna arrays have long since been a solution to mitigating GPS jamming via beamnulling algorithms. However, there is little research on the effectiveness of these beamnulling algorithms under varying element positioning. In this work, an adaptive antenna array, consisting of Right-Hand Circularly Polarized (RHCP) nearly square GPS antenna elements, was constructed and tested …


An Enhanced Adaptive Learning System Based On Microservice Architecture, Abdelsalam Helmy Ibrahim, Mohamed Eliemy, Aliaa Abdelhalim Youssif 2023 Helwan University

An Enhanced Adaptive Learning System Based On Microservice Architecture, Abdelsalam Helmy Ibrahim, Mohamed Eliemy, Aliaa Abdelhalim Youssif

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

This study aims to enhance Adaptive Learning Systems (ALS) in Petroleum Sector in Egypt by using the Microservice Architecture and measure the impact of enhancing ALS by participating ALS users through a statistical study and questionnaire directed to them if they accept to apply the Cloud Computing Service “Microservices” to enhance the ALS performance, quality and cost value or not. The study also aims to confirm that there is a statistically significant relationship between ALS and Cloud Computing Service “Microservices” and prove the impact of enhancing the ALS by using Microservices in the cloud in Adaptive Learning in the Egyptian …


Visual Question Answering: A Survey, Gehad Assem El-Naggar 2023 Future University in Egypt

Visual Question Answering: A Survey, Gehad Assem El-Naggar

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

Visual Question Answering (VQA) has been an emerging field in computer vision and natural language processing that aims to enable machines to understand the content of images and answer natural language questions about them. Recently, there has been increasing interest in integrating Semantic Web technologies into VQA systems to enhance their performance and scalability. In this context, knowledge graphs, which represent structured knowledge in the form of entities and their relationships, have shown great potential in providing rich semantic information for VQA. This paper provides an abstract overview of the state-of-the-art research on VQA using Semantic Web technologies, including knowledge …


List Of 121 Papers Citing One Or More Skin Lesion Image Datasets, Neda Alipour 2023 Technological University Dublin

List Of 121 Papers Citing One Or More Skin Lesion Image Datasets, Neda Alipour

Other resources

No abstract provided.


Optimal Estimation Inversion Of Ionospheric Electron Density From Gnss-Pod Limb Measurements: Part I-Algorithm And Morphology, Dong L. Wu, Nimalan Swarnalingam, Cornelius Csar Jude H. Salina, Daniel J. Emmons, Tyler C. Summers, Robert Gardiner-Garden 2023 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

Optimal Estimation Inversion Of Ionospheric Electron Density From Gnss-Pod Limb Measurements: Part I-Algorithm And Morphology, Dong L. Wu, Nimalan Swarnalingam, Cornelius Csar Jude H. Salina, Daniel J. Emmons, Tyler C. Summers, Robert Gardiner-Garden

Faculty Publications

GNSS-LEO radio links from Precise Orbital Determination (POD) and Radio Occultation (RO) antennas have been used increasingly in characterizing the global 3D distribution and variability of ionospheric electron density (Ne). In this study, we developed an optimal estimation (OE) method to retrieve Ne profiles from the slant total electron content (hTEC) measurements acquired by the GNSS-POD links at negative elevation angles (ε < 0°). Although both OE and onion-peeling (OP) methods use the Abel weighting function in the Ne inversion, they are significantly different in terms of performance in the lower ionosphere. The new OE results can overcome the large Ne oscillations, sometimes negative values, seen in the OP retrievals in the E-region ionosphere. In the companion paper in this Special Issue, the HmF2 and NmF2 from the OE retrieval are validated against ground-based ionosondes and radar observations, showing generally good agreements in NmF2 from all sites. Nighttime hmF2 measurements tend to agree better than the daytime when the ionosonde heights tend to be slightly lower. The OE algorithm has been applied to all GNSS-POD data acquired from the COSMIC-1 (2006–2019), COSMIC-2 (2019–present), and Spire (2019–present) constellations, showing a consistent ionospheric Ne morphology. The unprecedented spatiotemporal sampling of the ionosphere from these constellations now allows a detailed analysis of the frequency–wavenumber spectra for the Ne variability at different heights. In the lower ionosphere (~150 km), we found significant spectral power in DE1, DW6, DW4, SW5, and SE4 wave components, in addition to well-known DW1, SW2, and DE3 waves. In the upper ionosphere (~450 km), additional wave components are still present, including DE4, DW4, DW6, SE4, and SW4. The co-existence of eastward- and westward-propagating wave4 components implies the presence of a stationary wave4 (SPW4), as suggested by other earlier studies. Further improvements to the OE method are proposed, including a tomographic inversion technique that leverages the asymmetric sampling about the tangent point associated with GNSS-LEO links.


Real-Time Filters, Spencer Smith 2023 University of Southern Maine

Real-Time Filters, Spencer Smith

Thinking Matters Symposium

This project's goal is to create a visual representation of digital signal processing using a Raspberry Pi Pico board. External components will interface with the Pico to supply digital signals and display the results after processing the signal. A microphone will supply the signal to the Pico which will perform a Fourier Transform on the data and output a spectrogram to a display. The display is named ILI9341 which includes an SPI interface, micro SD card slot, and a 2.2 inch screen. The spectrogram includes the magnitudes of the transformed signal at each frequency and time. Each magnitude is illustrated …


Practical Podcasting: A Technical Guide To Producing Studio-Quality Podcasts, Jacob Sarmiento 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Practical Podcasting: A Technical Guide To Producing Studio-Quality Podcasts, Jacob Sarmiento

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

Podcasting exists at the intersection of the technical aspects of audio engineering and disciplines such as journalism and story-telling. Podcasts at KCPR, the student radio station, cover a wide range of topics including the soundscape of the DIY music scene in San Luis Obispo (SLO) on SLO-Fi, the intricacies of navigating SLO on Cal Poly 101, the best of Cal Poly Athletics on The Gallop, and the voices of underrepresented populations on campus on Different Matters. KCPR utilizes podcasts to entertain and inform its audience of the various experiences possible as a Cal Poly student. As a student-run entity, KCPR …


Sky Survey Radio Telescope, Jack E. McGuigan 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Sky Survey Radio Telescope, Jack E. Mcguigan

Electrical Engineering

This document outlines the design of a radio telescope designed to perform hydrogen line sky surveys. The telescope produces radio images mapping the intensity and relative velocities of hydrogen concentrations to their sky coordinates. Over the course of a day, the telescope images the regions of space visible to it, allowing sky survey imagery to be updated daily. Sky survey images are comprised of an array of pixels corresponding to specific sky coordinates. Each 8-bit RGB pixel contains information on the concentrations of hydrogen in the brightness and relative velocity in the color. Radio images mapping the concentrations and velocities …


Automotive Collision Warning System Retrofit, Ethan Clark Najmy 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Automotive Collision Warning System Retrofit, Ethan Clark Najmy

Electrical Engineering

In the early 2000s, few automakers began implementing forward collision warning systems in their cars. As technology advanced this system became available on more and more luxury cars. In recent years, this technology has spread to more affordable vehicles driven every day. However, as this technology has only recently advanced to less expensive, more economical cars, older vehicles of the same model may not have this advanced and important safety feature. This project investigates and creates a preliminary design for an affordable, easy-to-install, forward collision warning system that can be retrofitted to vehicles without the system currently installed. Using a …


Instrumented Control Column For Optionally Piloted Aircraft, Andrew J. Klein 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Instrumented Control Column For Optionally Piloted Aircraft, Andrew J. Klein

Electrical Engineering

Natilus, an aerospace company that is rapid-prototyping optionally piloted aircraft (OPA) for the shipping industry, needs a system that retrieves control column position data in order to manipulate flight simulator parameters in software. At present, a universally compatible system for all aircraft does not exist. Typically, established aerospace companies will sink significant time and money into developing proprietary systems for control column data retrieval as every aircraft is unique in its layout and linkage design. However, as a startup developing their first aircraft, Natilus does not have the privilege of modifying an existing sensor system to work with their HIL …


Programmable Vibration Table Retrofit With Eagle Medical, JONATHAN ILAGAN, Madhav Asok, Max Lewter 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Programmable Vibration Table Retrofit With Eagle Medical, Jonathan Ilagan, Madhav Asok, Max Lewter

Biomedical Engineering

This project aimed to repair and upgrade a vibration table used for package testing for the sponsor, Eagle Medical - a medical packaging and sterilization company based in Paso Robles, California. The current vibration table is not programmable and lacks circuit diagrams, making it difficult to repair. In addition, it is not functional due to internal circuitry issues and power requirements. To address these issues, the team will implement several upgrades to improve the product and allow for better random cyclic vibration testing. A full assessment of the existing vibration table will be conducted to ensure the viability of these …


Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximetry, Ludvik Alkhoury 2023 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximetry, Ludvik Alkhoury

Dissertations

The measurement of vital signs ? such as peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) levels ? by a pulse oximeter is studied. The pulse oximeter is a non-invasive device that measures photoplethysmography (PPG) signals and extracts vital signs from them. However, the quality of the PPG signal measured by oximetry sensors is known to deteriorate in the presence of substantial human and sensor movements contributing to the measurement noise. Methods to suppress such noise from PPG signals measured by an oximeter and to calculate the associated vital signs with high accuracy even when the wearer …


Sparse Methods For Blind Source Separation Of Frequency Hopping Rf Sources, Anushreya Ghosh 2023 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Sparse Methods For Blind Source Separation Of Frequency Hopping Rf Sources, Anushreya Ghosh

Dissertations

Blind source separation (BSS) is performed on frequency hopping (FH) sources. These radio frequency (RF) signals are observed by a uniform linear array (ULA) over a Spatial Channel Model (SCM) in four different propagation environments: (i) line-of-sight (LOS), (ii) single-cluster, (iii) multiple-cluster, and (iv) LOS with interference. The sources are spatially sparse, and their activity is intermittent and assumed to follow a hidden Markov model (HMM). BSS is achieved by utilizing direction of arrival (DOA) of the sources and clusters. A sparse detection framework is applied to obtain estimates of the sources' FH and DOA patterns. The solutions are binned …


Extracting Edges In Space And Time During Visual Fixations, Lynn Schmittwilken, Marianne Maertens 2023 Technische Universitat Berlin

Extracting Edges In Space And Time During Visual Fixations, Lynn Schmittwilken, Marianne Maertens

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Eddy Current Defect Response Analysis Using Sum Of Gaussian Methods, James William Earnest 2023 Mississippi State University

Eddy Current Defect Response Analysis Using Sum Of Gaussian Methods, James William Earnest

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a study of methods to automatedly detect and produce approximations of eddy current differential coil defect signatures in terms of a summed collection of Gaussian functions (SoG). Datasets consisting of varying material, defect size, inspection frequency, and coil diameter were investigated. Dimensionally reduced representations of the defect responses were obtained utilizing common existing reduction methods and novel enhancements to them utilizing SoG Representations. Efficacy of the SoG enhanced representations were studied utilizing common Machine Learning (ML) interpretable classifier designs with the SoG representations indicating significant improvement of common analysis metrics.


Approximate And Sample Entropy Of Center Of Pressure In Unperturbed Tandem Standing: Contribution Of Embedding Dimension And Tolerance, Jayla Mashae Wesley 2023 Grand Valley State University

Approximate And Sample Entropy Of Center Of Pressure In Unperturbed Tandem Standing: Contribution Of Embedding Dimension And Tolerance, Jayla Mashae Wesley

Masters Theses

Approximate entropy (ApEn) and sample entropy (SampEn) are statistical methods designed to quantify the regularity or predictability of a time series. Although ApEn has been a prominent choice for use, it is currently unclear as to which method and parameter selection combination is optimal for its application in biomechanics. The goal of this thesis was to examine the difference between ApEn and SampEn related to center of pressure (COP) data during standing balance tasks, while also refining tolerance r, to determine entropy optimization. Six participants completed five 30-second, feet together and tandem standing, trials under eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions. Ground …


State Estimation And Data Fusion With Data-Driven Communication, Xiaolei Bian 2023 University of New Orleans

State Estimation And Data Fusion With Data-Driven Communication, Xiaolei Bian

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the systemic design of proper estimation as well as fusion techniques and data-driven communication schemes to infer the state of a dynamic discrete-time linear system over a wireless network. The goal is to effectively extract and share key information over networks to enhance estimates of system states. Such co-design research is drawn by the need to leverage limited resources (communication bandwidth, energy and computational power) for a multitude of data and data sources in networked systems.

We first build the overarching structure by synthesizing communication and estimator/fuser, and research the collective behaviors of the system.

In …


Power Amplifier Based On Composite Injection-Voltaic Transistors, Nodira Batirdjanovna Alimova 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: nali71@yandex.ru, Phone: +998 90-30-44-71.

Power Amplifier Based On Composite Injection-Voltaic Transistors, Nodira Batirdjanovna Alimova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The problem of high-current radio engineering devices is related to the fact that the use of high-power transistors and other semiconductor devices is limited by such a phenomenon as a secondary breakdown, in which there is a sharp decrease in the voltage on the device with simultaneous internal current lacing, and the device fails. To solve the problem of secondary breakdown, schemes have been proposed that operate stably at reverse voltage values 4-5 times higher than usual and at power dissipation 2-3 times higher than the maximum allowable power for an individual device. The problem is proposed to be solved …


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