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Paper Recycling Fiber Recapture, Abigail Cortright 2020 Western Michigan University

Paper Recycling Fiber Recapture, Abigail Cortright

Honors Theses

The goal of the Yoda Chemical Company Paper Recycling Fiber Recapture project and subsequent report was to identify and recommend plant optimization opportunities associated with the potential recovery of five waste streams. Additionally, an analysis of the upgrade’s design was completed in order to determine the economic viability of fiber recapture. Beginning the analysis, the five waste streams were identified and analyzed. The waste streams include the top liner, back liner, and filler liner primary cleaner rejects on the K1 machine, the common rejects from under the K3 paper machine, and the tertiary cleaner rejects from stock preparation.

Two ...


Development Of A Flexible Printed Paper-Based Battery, JustOne Crosby 2020 Western Michigan University

Development Of A Flexible Printed Paper-Based Battery, Justone Crosby

Honors Theses

Market demand for flexible electronics continues to grow, which, in turn, increases the demand for flexible energy storage devices. There are several types of energy storage devices available, including the alkaline (Zn-MnO2) battery, which is the subject of this project. This project's objective was to develop a flexible, printed paper-based battery, which may be a sustainable solution to the increasing market demand. This device is low-cost and can be manufactured commercially using a scalable process.

The proposed device is an alkaline flexible cell, whose components can be printed onto paper. This alkaline system includes a zinc-based negative electrode ...


Comparison Of Pretreatment Methods For The Production Of Ethanol, Emily Schulte 2020 Western Michigan University

Comparison Of Pretreatment Methods For The Production Of Ethanol, Emily Schulte

Honors Theses

Bioethanol provides a great alternative to regular ethanol sources because it uses secondary substrates that are byproducts of other industries, rather than substrates that compete with food products. The technology is available for industrial bioethanol production, but the production costs just aren’t competitive enough with traditional ethanol production. The goal of this project was not to prepare a proposal for a bio-ethanol plant with all of the associated costs and financial calculations, but rather to provide a direct comparison of two pretreatment methods to highlight which factors could make one method less costly than the other. Pretreatment is a ...


Improvement Of Fluidization Ability For Group A Powders By Fine Powder Additives, Xiaowei Zhang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Improvement Of Fluidization Ability For Group A Powders By Fine Powder Additives, Xiaowei Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Group A powders are widely utilized in the industry because of the great quality of fluidization, which can be affected by the fine content. This project investigates the feasibility that employing the fine powders (≤ 20 μm) as additives to further improve the fluidization ability of Group A powders. Three additives, Coal-15, GB-6, and SiO2-5 are added into FCC-76, based on various volume fractions. The minimum fluidization velocity (Umf), bed expansion ratio (BER), and dense phase expansion ratio (DER) are tested to evaluate the quality of fluidization. Coal-15 can slightly improve the fluidization quality. High content of GB-6 ...


Tunable Luminescence Of Rare Earth Doped Nanophosphors Via Adaptive Optical Properties Of Transition Metals, Pragathi Darapaneni 2020 Louisiana State University

Tunable Luminescence Of Rare Earth Doped Nanophosphors Via Adaptive Optical Properties Of Transition Metals, Pragathi Darapaneni

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Over the past decades, the development of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to produce a wide range of wavelengths has revolutionized the solid-state lighting industry due to their higher energy efficiency and operational lifetimes. These LEDs employ rare earth (RE) doped phosphors due to their stable emission wavelengths which can be amplified when sensitized by other RE dopants (Yb, Ce) or shell layer passivation. However, there has been a push to replace the RE elements in LEDs due to increased socioeconomic issues. One proposed alternative, transition metal (TM) dopants, is typically avoided due to their susceptibility to the local crystal environment resulting ...


Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova PhD, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technogical Institute, Uzbekistan

Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova Phd, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The influence of the additive of solid waste of soda production (SWSP) on the content of -C2S and C3S in cement studied. It was found that SWSP affects the density of the aluminum-containing minerals C3A and C4AF, in addition, in the presence of gypsum, their plasticizing properties improved. The introduction of SWSP additives during grinding of clinker intensifies the grinding process and made it possible to obtain a more plastic cement. It was proved that SWSP with CaCl2 content can be used as an additive to concrete and cement mortars - this ...


Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela 2020 Louisiana State University

Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Optoelectronics is the field of technology concerned with the study and application of electronic devices that source, detect and control light. Here we focus on the optical communications field which relies on optical fiber systems to carry signals to their destinations operating in the near-infrared range. To improve the performance of current optical fiber systems, one of the paths is to develop better near-infrared photodetectors.

The current group of materials used for near-infrared photodetection relies in the III-V semiconductor family. Although their spectral photosensitivity correlates well with the near-infrared, response time performance and electronic circuit integration remain limited for this ...


Study Of Amino-Acid Composition Of Seed Of Oats Fruit (Avena Sativa L.), Nurullaeva Dilobar, Farmanova Nodira 2020 Tashkent Pharmaceutical Institute, Uzbekistan

Study Of Amino-Acid Composition Of Seed Of Oats Fruit (Avena Sativa L.), Nurullaeva Dilobar, Farmanova Nodira

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

For the first time, the amino acid composition of the seed oat fruit harvested in the Republic of Uzbekistan was stud-ied. Chromatographic detection of amino acids was performed by the method of ascending one-dimensional paper chroma-tography; violet, red-violet and yellow staining was observed, indicating the presence of free amino acids in the raw materi-al under study. The determination of the qualitative and quantitative content of amino acids of oat fruit was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on an Agilent Technologies 1200 chromatograph, column 75x4.6 mm Discovery HS C18. Qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation of the concentration ...


Research Of Physical And Chemical Indicators And Food Value Of Semi-Finished Products Of Sauce-Past Of Fruits And Vegetables, Atakhanov Shukhrat, Dadamirzaev Muzaffar, Akramboev Rasuljon, Otakhanov Shokirjon 2020 Namangan Engineering and Technology Institute, Uzbekistan

Research Of Physical And Chemical Indicators And Food Value Of Semi-Finished Products Of Sauce-Past Of Fruits And Vegetables, Atakhanov Shukhrat, Dadamirzaev Muzaffar, Akramboev Rasuljon, Otakhanov Shokirjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Development of technology for the storage and processing of fruits and vegetables and an increase in the degree of consumption of pro-cessed products among the population is an urgent problem of the present time.Developed recipes for semi-finished sauce-pastes, consisting of fruits, vegetables and their mixtures, the technology of their production. These recipes rationally used sesame of Yerusalem artichoke - secondary raw materials of the canning industry, the powder of the peel of Walnuts, sunflower seeds. Used existing methods for the determination of physical-chemical parameters and nutritional value of semi-finished sauce-paste. A recipe and production technology for a semi-finished product, persim-mon ...


Extraction Of The Cotton Cake By The Influence Of Pulse Electric Field, Kayimov Fazliddin, Mazhidov Qahramon 2020 Bukhara Engineering-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Extraction Of The Cotton Cake By The Influence Of Pulse Electric Field, Kayimov Fazliddin, Mazhidov Qahramon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The technology of extraction of cotton cake by the influence of a pulsed electric field on the extracted mass is researched. The dependence of the specific conductivity on the inverse temperature using the influence of a pulsed electric field has been estab-lished. The technological process of extraction of vegetable oil is accelerated and an increase in oil yield is ensured.


Effects Of Drinking Water Treatment Processes On Removal Of Algal Matter And Subsequent Water Quality, Ziming Zhao 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Effects Of Drinking Water Treatment Processes On Removal Of Algal Matter And Subsequent Water Quality, Ziming Zhao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Seasonal algal blooms in drinking water sources have increased significantly over the recent past as a result of increased temperature and nutrient loading in surface water due to agricultural and surface runoff. More than 95% of algal cells can be removed by coagulation and flocculation processes. However, algal organic matter (AOM) is not removed well during coagulation, thus causes several operational challenges in drinking water treatment. This research was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of coagulation, granular activated carbon adsorption, and filtration processes on AOM removal and to evaluate disinfection by-products formation potential with/without UV irradiation.

Initially, coagulation performance ...


Determination Of Amino Acids Buffer Of Soluble Proteins Of The Aral Sea Artemia Cyst, KHAJIBAYEV Quvvat, BERDIMBETOVA Gulsara, QARLIBAYEVA Bakhtigul, OSHCHEPKOVA Yuliya 2020 Institute of Natural Sciences, Nukus, Uzbekistan

Determination Of Amino Acids Buffer Of Soluble Proteins Of The Aral Sea Artemia Cyst, Khajibayev Quvvat, Berdimbetova Gulsara, Qarlibayeva Bakhtigul, Oshchepkova Yuliya

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

For the first time, the amino acid composition of the buffer of soluble proteins of the Artemia cyst of the Aral Sea was determined. The determination of the qualitative and quantitative amino acid content of the buffer of soluble proteins of Artemia cysts was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography. Qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation of the concentration of the studied free amino acids were carried out by comparing the retention time and peak areas of standard amino acids, and the studied phenylthiocarbamide derivatives of amino acids. As a result of studies in the buffer of soluble proteins of ...


Elucidating The Properties And Mechanism For Cellulose Dissolution In Tetrabutylphosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids Using High Concentrations Of Water, Brad Crawford 2020 West Virginia University

Elucidating The Properties And Mechanism For Cellulose Dissolution In Tetrabutylphosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids Using High Concentrations Of Water, Brad Crawford

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The structural, transport, and thermodynamic properties related to cellulose dissolution by tetrabutylphosphonium chloride (TBPCl) and tetrabutylphosphonium hydroxide (TBPH)-water mixtures have been calculated via molecular dynamics simulations. For both ionic liquid (IL)-water solutions, water veins begin to form between the TBPs interlocking arms at 80 mol % water, opening a pathway for the diffusion of the anions, cations, and water. The water veins allow for a diffusion regime shift in the concentration region from 80 to 92.5 mol % water, providing a higher probability of solvent interaction with the dissolving cellulose strand. The hydrogen bonding was compared between small and ...


Review Of Established And Emergent Methods For The Production Of C4 Olefins, James Matthew Koval 2020 West Virginia University

Review Of Established And Emergent Methods For The Production Of C4 Olefins, James Matthew Koval

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Current production of C4 olefins is dominated by naphtha cracking and butane dehydrogenation, but significant research interest is developing in alternate feedstocks due to an abundance of inexpensive natural gas and bioethanol. The current C4 olefin production methods are costly, make use of already-depleted petroleum resources, and are often hazardous to workers, which forms the impetus for investigation into alternative methods and assessment of their viability as a future means of olefin production. Methods of natural gas conversion to higher order hydrocarbons are discussed, including Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and oxidative methane coupling, each of which could form the first ...


Development Of Novel Adsorbent For Industrial Waste Water Treatment, Islam M. Al-Akraa, Hassan M. Shehata Eng, Dalia A. Ali Eng., Hoda A. Elsawy Dr 2020 The British University in Egypt

Development Of Novel Adsorbent For Industrial Waste Water Treatment, Islam M. Al-Akraa, Hassan M. Shehata Eng, Dalia A. Ali Eng., Hoda A. Elsawy Dr

Chemical Engineering

The main objective of this research project is to perform some experimental procedures to inform the ability of the novel adsorbent used in this project. The chemical modification of the adsorbent is the chemical oxidation of pure powder chitosan using some specific redox pairs which are potassium dichromate and sodium bisulphite. After preparing the modified chitosan, there are some parameters that must be discussed during the adsorption process. The first parameter is the time parameter, showing experimentally the optimum time for adsorption under certain conditions by collecting values of absorbance and concentration of thymol blue adsorbed after the process from ...


Wastewater Treatment Fatty Acids For Biodiesel Production, Zachary Christman 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Wastewater Treatment Fatty Acids For Biodiesel Production, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Wastewater scum is the thick oily substance that floats on top of the primary and secondary tanks within a wastewater treatment plant. Scum has a 30% to 60% lipid content making it an excellent resource for the biodiesel industry. Also the use of scum would reduce the cost of current management practices such as landfill disposal or incineration. In this article there is an overview of lipid byproducts currently being produced at wastewater treatment plants today. This is followed by a presentation showing a full length process for turning wastewater scum into biodiesel raw material.


Synthesis Of Graphene Using Plasma Etching And Atmospheric Pressure Annealing: Process And Sensor Development, Andrew Robert Graves 2020 West Virginia University

Synthesis Of Graphene Using Plasma Etching And Atmospheric Pressure Annealing: Process And Sensor Development, Andrew Robert Graves

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Having been theorized in 1947, it was not until 2004 that graphene was first isolated. In the years since its isolation, graphene has been the subject of intense, world-wide study due to its incredibly diverse array of useful properties. Even though many billions of dollars have been spent on its development, graphene has yet to break out of the laboratory and penetrate mainstream industrial applications markets. This is because graphene faces a ‘grand challenge.’ Simply put, there is currently no method of manufacturing high-quality graphene on the industrial scale. This grand challenge looms particularly large for electronic applications where the ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Group 14 Two-Dimensional Materials, Utkarsh Ramesh 2020 Iowa State University

Synthesis And Characterization Of Group 14 Two-Dimensional Materials, Utkarsh Ramesh

Creative Components

This presentation outlines some of the work performed during my Masters of Engineering at ISU concerning the synthesis and characterization of Group 14 2D materials, specifically that of 2D silicon nanosheets.

Following the footsteps of graphene, this research focused on the exciting family of 2D materials, and exploring the relationship of their properties with respect to functionalization, structure and composition of the material. This particular presentation focuses on silicane, a silicon analog to graphane, and how it shows promise as a candidate for next generation optoelectronics. Furthermore, its optical properties could be tuned through parameters such as surface functionalization and ...


Modeling Of Rotary Packed Beds For Reactive And Non-Reactive Systems, Chinyere Evangeline Ezeobinwune 2020 West Virginia University

Modeling Of Rotary Packed Beds For Reactive And Non-Reactive Systems, Chinyere Evangeline Ezeobinwune

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Rotary packed beds (RPBs) are used in a wide range of reactive and non-reactive applications. In this research, a 2-d, first-principles, dynamic model of a non-reactive RPB that is used for heat exchange between the outgoing flue gas from a power plant and the incoming air to the boiler/pulverizer of the power plant is developed. A 2-d, first-principles model of a reactive RPB is developed where a functionalized metal-organic framework (MOF) is used for CO2 capture.

For the non-reactive system, a Ljungstrom-type air preheater (APH) is considered. Existing models for these rotating heat exchangers are typically 1-d. There ...


Filtration Apparatus Design For Oil-Water Separation Using Membranes And Sponges, Alec Jerger 2020 University of Akron

Filtration Apparatus Design For Oil-Water Separation Using Membranes And Sponges, Alec Jerger

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

It can be difficult to separate water and oil emulsions through traditional filtration. Therefore, investigations of filtering using thermo-responsive (TR) polymers, in this case poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME), was conducted. It’s hypothesized that below its lower critical solution temperature (LCST), PVME has an affinity for water while oil substances do not. Above the LCST the opposite will be true. To verify this hypothesis, iterations of filtration designs were created to provide optimum control over the parameters to measure flow. The final optimized experimental apparatus was a Chromaflex glass column which was air tight and controlled all parameters besides ...


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