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Understanding Shoreline Landowner Views On Water Quality Best Management Practices And Outreach, Bob Simmons, Darcy McNamara, Heidi Keller 2018 Washington State Univ. Extension, United States

Understanding Shoreline Landowner Views On Water Quality Best Management Practices And Outreach, Bob Simmons, Darcy Mcnamara, Heidi Keller

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Place-based research targeting rural shoreline property owners provided valuable insights into water quality issue awareness, viewpoints, and willingness to adopt best management practices (BMPs). This information can improve the efficacy of outreach programs designed to motivate shoreline homeowners to protect adjacent waterways. Between 2009 and 2016, 7 different sets of audience research were conducted to determine how to increase the voluntary adoption of water quality BMPs on private land. The studies focused on shoreline landowners and were conducted in rural areas in the South Puget Sound and Hood Canal regions of Washington State. Barriers and motivators for a variety of ...


Modeling Wind-Induced Waves In The Salish Sea, Zhaoqing Yang, Wei-Cheng Wu, Taiping Wang, Guillaume Mauger, Ruby Leung 2018 Pacific Northwest National Lab., United States

Modeling Wind-Induced Waves In The Salish Sea, Zhaoqing Yang, Wei-Cheng Wu, Taiping Wang, Guillaume Mauger, Ruby Leung

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

There have been on-going efforts for increasing coastal resilience to the risk of coastal inundation as a result of sea-level rise in Washington. Accurate coastal risk projection depends on detailed and accurate information of sea level rise, including waves and storm surge induced by windstorms. This paper presents a modeling study simulating wind-induced waves in the Salish Sea. A nested-grid modeling approach was used to provide accurate and robust model simulations at various scales. The NOAA NCEP’s WaveWatch III (WW3) model is configured at global and regional scales with wind forcing obtained from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR ...


Turning The Ship: A New Direction For Managing Wood Waste In The Salish Sea Of Washington State, Russ McMillan, Chance Asher, John Evered, Celina Abercrombie 2018 Washington State Dept. of Ecology, United States

Turning The Ship: A New Direction For Managing Wood Waste In The Salish Sea Of Washington State, Russ Mcmillan, Chance Asher, John Evered, Celina Abercrombie

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Wood waste has been a major driver in numerous large scale, nearshore cleanups in Washington State Its presence has contributed substantially to both the extent and volume of sediment requiring cleanup which is costly and time consuming. Success in dealing with wood waste must start with controlling sources and a reassessment of how timber-related uses of our waters are conducted. Recognizing its ecological impacts and the financial burden of cleanup prompts the change from practices that release wood waste to state waters. While it is tough to change from traditional use of waters for transport and storage of logs or ...


Changes In Strandings Of Cetaceans In Puget Sound/Salish Sea, Jessica L. Huggins, Amanda Warlick, Stephanie Norman, Jennifer Olson, Dyanna M. Lambourn, Joe Gaydos, John Calambokidis 2018 Cascadia Research Collective

Changes In Strandings Of Cetaceans In Puget Sound/Salish Sea, Jessica L. Huggins, Amanda Warlick, Stephanie Norman, Jennifer Olson, Dyanna M. Lambourn, Joe Gaydos, John Calambokidis

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

No abstract provided.


Advances In Understanding The Drivers Of Change And Potential Conservation Actions For Pacific Herring In The Salish Sea, Tessa Francis 2018 University of Washington, Tacoma

Advances In Understanding The Drivers Of Change And Potential Conservation Actions For Pacific Herring In The Salish Sea, Tessa Francis

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Advances in Understanding the Drivers of Change and Potential Conservation Actions for Pacific Herring in the Salish Sea

This session offered the latest results from researchers in the USA and Canada based upon cutting-edge approaches to understanding what limits Pacific herring populations in the Salish Sea, which are in decline in many places, and what management actions can be taken to ensure their recovery and conservation.

Margaret (Megsie) Siple described the importance of population diversity in Pacific herring for maintaining their overall stability (i.e., portfolio effects), and presented population model results showing increased adult mortality and age truncation (i ...


Past, Present, And Future Water Quality In Lake Union/Ship Canal, Elliott Bay, And The Duwamish Estuary And The Benefits Of Combined Sewer Overflow Control And Other Projects, Jim Simmonds 2018 King County, United States

Past, Present, And Future Water Quality In Lake Union/Ship Canal, Elliott Bay, And The Duwamish Estuary And The Benefits Of Combined Sewer Overflow Control And Other Projects, Jim Simmonds

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

To help protect regional water quality, in 2012 King County initiated a study to review the impacts of combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and other sources of pollution to inform the region of the benefits of CSO control. King County’s Water Quality Assessment and Monitoring Study (Study) explored water quality in Lake Union/Ship Canal, Elliott Bay, and the Duwamish Estuary, where the County is planning projects to reduce the frequency of CSOs to an average of one untreated overflow per site per year over a 20-year moving average. Reducing CSO frequency to this degree is known as CSO “control ...


Age Truncation And Portfolio Effects In Puget Sound Pacific Herring, Margaret Siple, Andrew O. Shelton, Tessa B. Francis, Dayv Lowry, Adam P. Lindquist, Timothy E. Essington 2018 School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, United States

Age Truncation And Portfolio Effects In Puget Sound Pacific Herring, Margaret Siple, Andrew O. Shelton, Tessa B. Francis, Dayv Lowry, Adam P. Lindquist, Timothy E. Essington

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Forage fish undergo dramatic changes in abundance through time. Long-term fluctuations, which have historically been attributed to changes in recruitment, may also be due to changes in adult mortality. Pacific herring, a lightly exploited forage fish in Puget Sound, WA, have exhibited shifts in age structure and decreases in spawning biomass during the past 30 years. Here, we investigate changes in adult mortality as a potential explanation for these shifts. Using a hierarchical, age-structured population model, we indicate that adult natural mortality for Puget Sound Pacific herring has increased since 1973. We find that natural mortality has increased for every ...


Living With The Shoreline: Education For Property Owners, Shannon Davis, Tina Whitman 2018 Friends of the San Juans, United States

Living With The Shoreline: Education For Property Owners, Shannon Davis, Tina Whitman

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

As over 90% of shoreline parcels in San Juan County are in private, residential ownership, shoreline property owners are critical caretakers of marine habitats. Information that is provided directly to shoreline property owners can be beneficial to all who enjoy the resources provided by our marine habitats. And in our changing climate, shoreline property owners’ actions can also help improve resilience to the impacts ahead. So, how do you educate shoreline landowners in a manner that engages and inspires them toward positive choices? Friends of the San Juans took on this challenge and created an attractive, positive, and engaging booklet ...


Biological Impacts Of Underwater Noise From Vessels, Kathy Heise 2018 Cetacean Research Lab, Coastal Ocean Research Institute, Vancouver Aquarium

Biological Impacts Of Underwater Noise From Vessels, Kathy Heise

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

No abstract provided.


Changes In Harbor And Dall’S Porpoise In Puget Sound, 1990s To Present, David Anderson, Joseph R. Evenson, Laurie Shuster, John Calambokidis 2018 Cascadia Research Collective

Changes In Harbor And Dall’S Porpoise In Puget Sound, 1990s To Present, David Anderson, Joseph R. Evenson, Laurie Shuster, John Calambokidis

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

No abstract provided.


Return Of The Giants Of The Salish Sea: Increased Occurrence Of Humpback And Gray Whales In Inland Waters, John Calambokidis, Kiirsten Flynn, Elana Dobson, Jessica L. Huggins, Alie Perez 2018 Cascadia Research Collective

Return Of The Giants Of The Salish Sea: Increased Occurrence Of Humpback And Gray Whales In Inland Waters, John Calambokidis, Kiirsten Flynn, Elana Dobson, Jessica L. Huggins, Alie Perez

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

No abstract provided.


Dolphins In The Salish Sea: Are Warmer Water Species Expanding Into Our Region?, Laurie Shuster, David Anderson, Jessica L. Huggins, Annie B. Douglas, Nathan Harrison, John Calambokidis, Susan Berta 2018 Cascadia Research Collective

Dolphins In The Salish Sea: Are Warmer Water Species Expanding Into Our Region?, Laurie Shuster, David Anderson, Jessica L. Huggins, Annie B. Douglas, Nathan Harrison, John Calambokidis, Susan Berta

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

No abstract provided.


Techniques For Understory Kelp Salvage And Recolonization Of Disturbed Sites To Mitigate Temporal Habitat Loss, Ashley Park, Gina Lemieux, Brian Emmett, Doug McMillan, Peter Troffe, Shauna Davis, Michael Bodman, Mike Waters, Cliff Robinson 2018 Archipelago Marine Research Ltd., Canada

Techniques For Understory Kelp Salvage And Recolonization Of Disturbed Sites To Mitigate Temporal Habitat Loss, Ashley Park, Gina Lemieux, Brian Emmett, Doug Mcmillan, Peter Troffe, Shauna Davis, Michael Bodman, Mike Waters, Cliff Robinson

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Defence Construction Canada, on behalf of the Department of National Defence (DND), undertook dredging in Constance Cove, Esquimalt Harbour, as part of DND's multi-year, harbour-wide sediment remediation program. One of the mitigation measures recently implemented with the Constance Cove remedial dredging is the salvage of understory kelp within the project's dredge footprint prior to the dredging; the relocation of salvaged material to a temporary storage area, and restocking once construction is complete. These kelp salvage measures are intended to address impacts of temporal fish habitat loss due to dredging activities in an area with an existing kelp bed ...


Understanding And Managing Underwater Noise From Vessel Activities, Michelle Sanders, Jeff Pelton 2018 Transport Canada, Canada

Understanding And Managing Underwater Noise From Vessel Activities, Michelle Sanders, Jeff Pelton

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Part B Presentation Topic: Understanding and Managing Underwater Noise from Vessel Activities. Abstract A complex mix of threats have resulted in nineteen of Canada’s whale populations being listed under the Species at Risk Act, including eight as endangered. Factors such as insufficient access to food, contaminants, and acoustic and physical disturbance – including vessel noise and vessel strikes - have contributed to population declines and hindered recovery, particularly for three of these endangered species - the Southern Resident Killer Whale (SRKW), the St. Lawrence Estuary Beluga, and the North Atlantic Right Whale. In November 2016, the Prime Minister of Canada launched the ...


From Data To Decisions: Navigating The “So What?” And “What’S Next?” Conversation Around Nearshore Data, Dawn Spilsbury Pucci 2018 Island County, United States

From Data To Decisions: Navigating The “So What?” And “What’S Next?” Conversation Around Nearshore Data, Dawn Spilsbury Pucci

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Ever wonder what happens to all those data being collected? In Island County, we are fortunate to be the focus of a plethora of data collection efforts. We have comprehensive nearshore assessments that describe where our habitats are and how those habitats are built. We have habitat assessments that are a collaborative effort between citizen science groups and state agencies. We have long-term status and trends data sets on intertidal habitats and presence for a few specific species. We have a high resolution shoreline armor dataset and we have a predictive probability model for coastal flood risk. But what do ...


Survival Of Hatchery-Origin Juvenile Pinto Abalone (Haliotis Kamtschatkana) Outplanted To Restoration Sites In The San Juan Islands, Henry Carson, Michael Ulrich, Josh Bouma 2018 Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, United States

Survival Of Hatchery-Origin Juvenile Pinto Abalone (Haliotis Kamtschatkana) Outplanted To Restoration Sites In The San Juan Islands, Henry Carson, Michael Ulrich, Josh Bouma

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Puget Sound Restoration Fund, and other project partners have outplanted thousands of hatchery-reared pinto abalone in annual cohorts to ten sites in the San Juan Archipelago since 2009. We measured the “success” of each outplant site by the proportion of total juveniles placed that survived to a reproductive size. In winter 2017 surveys we observed a range of successes, from 0% at the worst site to 5.6% at the best. When nearby individuals are included, this success ranges as high as 7.5%. These percentages do not account for the probability of ...


Did The Rules Work? An Assessment On The Effectiveness Of Federal Vessel Regulations For Southern Resident Killer Whales, Teresa Mongillo, Grace Ferrara, Lynne Barre 2018 NOAA Fisheries, United States

Did The Rules Work? An Assessment On The Effectiveness Of Federal Vessel Regulations For Southern Resident Killer Whales, Teresa Mongillo, Grace Ferrara, Lynne Barre

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Southern Resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the Pacific Northwest are the principal target species for a commercial whale watch industry and encounter a variety of other vessels in their urban environment. The population was listed as endangered in 2005 due to limited prey, high levels of contaminants, and disturbance from vessels and sound. There has been a growing body of evidence documenting effects from vessels on small cetaceans and other marine mammals including behavioral disturbance, physiological impacts, and acoustic interference. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Recovery Plan identified actions to address vessel impacts, including vessel regulations. In 2011 ...


Urban-Related Distribution Patterns Of An Iconic Salish Sea Mesopredator, The Giant Pacific Octopus (Enteroctopus Dofleini), Eliza C. Heery, Amy G. Olsen, Blake E. Feist, Kenneth P. Sebens 2018 National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore

Urban-Related Distribution Patterns Of An Iconic Salish Sea Mesopredator, The Giant Pacific Octopus (Enteroctopus Dofleini), Eliza C. Heery, Amy G. Olsen, Blake E. Feist, Kenneth P. Sebens

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Like many coastal areas globally, the Salish Sea has undergone rapid urbanization over recent decades. Terrestrial research suggests urbanization facilitates a variety of mesopredators by enhancing food and shelter resources and by limiting apex predation. Yet urbanization’s effect on mesopredators in the marine environment has rarely been examined. The giant Pacific octopus, Enteroctopus dofleini, is an iconic mesopredator of the Pacific Northwest due to its size and cognition, and is thought to reach a particularly large maximum size in inland waters of the Salish Sea. We examined the spatial distribution patterns and habitat use of giant Pacific octopus in ...


How 19 Years Of Bc Coastal Waterbird Citizen Science Data Is Informing Conservation Planning, Karen Devitt, James Casey 2018 Bird Studies Canada, Canada

How 19 Years Of Bc Coastal Waterbird Citizen Science Data Is Informing Conservation Planning, Karen Devitt, James Casey

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Fraser River Estuary Important Bird and Biodiversity Area consisting of Sturgeon Bank, Roberts Bank, Boundary Bay and upland areas was designated in 2016 as an IBA in Danger by Birdlife International. The designation is based on the myriad of threats across the delta that have developed despite several transboundary and international designations of the region including a Ramsar Wetland of International Significance listing since 1982 and a Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network site designation since 2004. Despite these listings, declines in coastal waterbirds continue. The Coastal Waterbird Surveys have been running along the BC portion of the Salish Sea ...


Recent Progress Toward Reducing Seawalls In Puget Sound, Doris Small, Hugh Shipman, Jenna Jewett, Nathalie Hamel 2018 Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, United States

Recent Progress Toward Reducing Seawalls In Puget Sound, Doris Small, Hugh Shipman, Jenna Jewett, Nathalie Hamel

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Recovery efforts for Puget Sound have focused on improving shoreline function by reducing seawalls (e.g. rock and concrete bank protection) and encouraging alternatives, such as soft shore protection. Shoreline armor was one of the key stressors identified by the Puget Sound Partnership in 2010 to protect and restore habitat. Armor is one of the Puget Sound Vital Signs, those measures used by the Puget Sound Partnership to track ecosystem health. One of the targets associated with the Vital Sign, a net reduction of the total extent of armor between 2011 and 2020, is tracked using the Hydraulic Project Approval ...


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