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Washington State Ferries: Colman Dock And The New Mukilteo Ferry Terminal: Environmental Protection And Marine Mammal Monitoring During Construction, Richard Huey 2018 Washington State Ferries, United States

Washington State Ferries: Colman Dock And The New Mukilteo Ferry Terminal: Environmental Protection And Marine Mammal Monitoring During Construction, Richard Huey

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Washington State Ferries (WSF) is constructing two major infrastructure projects in the Salish Sea. Colman Dock (Seattle Ferry Terminal) is undergoing a 5-year reconstruction, and WSF is building the first new ferry terminal in over 50 years in Mukilteo. This presentation gives an overview of both projects, focusing on environmental protection, sediment cleanup, mitigation, and protection of marine mammals and marbled murrelet from pile driving noise. The presentation includes a report on protected species seen during the first year of both projects, and the use of ArcGIS Online Survey 123 for sightings data collection.


Assessing Biological Condition In Small Streams Of The Puget Sound Lowlands Through Collaborative Regional Monitoring, Richard Sheibley, Curtis DeGasperi, Chad Larson, Brandi Lubliner, Leska Fore, Keunyea Song 2018 U.S. Geological Survey, United States

Assessing Biological Condition In Small Streams Of The Puget Sound Lowlands Through Collaborative Regional Monitoring, Richard Sheibley, Curtis Degasperi, Chad Larson, Brandi Lubliner, Leska Fore, Keunyea Song

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

In 2015, the condition of Puget Sound Lowland streams was evaluated by collecting data for stream invertebrates, algae, water and sediment quality, and instream and riparian habitat. The study was designed and implemented as part of the Stormwater Action Monitoring program, a collaborative, regional stormwater monitoring program funded by more than 90 Western Washington cities and counties, the ports of Seattle and Tacoma, and the Washington State Department of Transportation. The goal of this long term program is to inform stakeholders on the status and trends of small streams within the Puget Lowlands and to track whether stream condition improves ...


Wood Waste Assessment, Characterization, And Remediation In Esquimalt Harbour, Mikaela Davis, Scott Northrup 2018 Hemmera, Canada

Wood Waste Assessment, Characterization, And Remediation In Esquimalt Harbour, Mikaela Davis, Scott Northrup

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Log booming and wood processing operations in BC’s Esquimalt Harbour since the 1800s have resulted in the accumulation of wood waste deposits throughout the subtidal zone. Wood waste can adversely affect sediment quality and benthic and infaunal communities, prompting the Department of National Defence to prioritize the assessment of effects of wood waste on the ecological health of the nearshore marine environment in Esquimalt Harbour. In alignment with the overall Esquimalt Harbour Remediation Project, The Esquimalt Harbour Wood Waste Assessment and Characterization Project was initiated in 2016 and continues into 2018, with Hemmera supporting the assessment, determination of impacts ...


Understanding The Implications Of A Changing Environment On Harvested Bivalve Populations Using Habitat Suitability Models, Ted DeWitt, Nathaniel Lewis, Eric Fox, Stephen Pacella 2018 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, United States

Understanding The Implications Of A Changing Environment On Harvested Bivalve Populations Using Habitat Suitability Models, Ted Dewitt, Nathaniel Lewis, Eric Fox, Stephen Pacella

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Habitat suitability models are useful to forecast how environmental change may affect the abundance or distribution of species of interest. In the case of harvested bivalves, those models may be used to estimate the vulnerability of this valued ecosystem good to stressors. Using literature-derived natural history information, rule-based habitat suitability models were constructed in a GIS for several bivalve species (Clinocardium nuttallii, Mya arenaria, and Tresus capax) that are recreationally and commercially harvested in NE Pacific estuaries, including in the Salish Sea. Spatially-explicit habitat maps were produced for two Oregon estuaries using environmental data (salinity, depth, sediment grain size, and ...


Discerning Population Connectivity And Natal Origins Of Pacific Herring (Clupea Pallasi): Inferences On Population Structure From Otolith Chemistry, Wade Smith, Tony Pitcher, Margot Hessing-Lewis, Brian P.V. Hunt, Evgeny A. Pakhomov 2018 The Univ. of British Columbia, Canada

Discerning Population Connectivity And Natal Origins Of Pacific Herring (Clupea Pallasi): Inferences On Population Structure From Otolith Chemistry, Wade Smith, Tony Pitcher, Margot Hessing-Lewis, Brian P.V. Hunt, Evgeny A. Pakhomov

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Pacific herring, Clupea pallasi, undertake annual migrations between feeding and spawning grounds that link life stages, habitats, populations, communities, and ecosystems. However, movement patterns of these highly mobile fish are poorly understood. Declines in Pacific herring abundance and slow population recoveries in the absence of fishing pressure have elevated concerns over the status of this ecologically, economically, and culturally important species. Pacific herring spawn on substrate in nearshore habitats where eggs and larvae develop for approximately two weeks before hatching. Early development within discrete spawning grounds could facilitate the incorporation of distinctive chemical signatures within otoliths that could be used ...


Downstream Fish Passage Improvements At Hiram M. Chittenden Lock And Dam, Seattle, Wa: A New Approach For An Old Dam, Phil Peterson, Scott V. Pozarycki, Adam Slowik, Paul Heisey 2018 West Fork Environmental, Inc., United States

Downstream Fish Passage Improvements At Hiram M. Chittenden Lock And Dam, Seattle, Wa: A New Approach For An Old Dam, Phil Peterson, Scott V. Pozarycki, Adam Slowik, Paul Heisey

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Salish Sea is ringed with human development and infrastructure of multiple generations, some of which strongly influenced patterns of early development and continue to this day to maintain significant elements of the human environment. These developments are not going away, we will not “preserve” our way out of the environmental challenges they pose. Thus, it remains the role of the scientists, engineers, and owners to collaboratively guide their modification and maintenance to make their operation and presence more benign to the fish and the environment. One such development is the US Army Corps of Engineers owned and operated Hiram ...


The Role Of Reproductive Timing As A Driver Of Genetic Differentiation In Populations Of Pacific Herring, Eleni Petrou, Todd Sandell, Dayv Lowry, Lorenz Hauser 2018 Univ. of Washington, United States

The Role Of Reproductive Timing As A Driver Of Genetic Differentiation In Populations Of Pacific Herring, Eleni Petrou, Todd Sandell, Dayv Lowry, Lorenz Hauser

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

There is growing recognition that maintaining diversity in life history traits contributes to the sustainable management of wild populations. One important life history characteristic is reproductive phenology, and it has been shown that differences in the timing of reproduction can act as a barrier to gene flow between populations. If the difference in reproductive timing determines the level of connectivity, one would expect that genetic differentiation between populations would increase as a function of difference in reproductive date. This pattern, known as “isolation by time” (IBT), has been observed in wild populations of salmonids containing early and late runs. Pacific ...


Salish Sea Surface Currents: Real-Time Velocities From Hf Radar, Richard Dewey, Rich Pawlowicz, Mike Morley, Manman Wang 2018 Univ. of Victoria, Canada

Salish Sea Surface Currents: Real-Time Velocities From Hf Radar, Richard Dewey, Rich Pawlowicz, Mike Morley, Manman Wang

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Ocean Networks Canada has operated Salish Sea CODAR high-frequency (HF) surface radar systems for monitoring surface currents since 2012. The network of antennae continues to grow, with four arrays now deployed in the southern Strait of Georgia, two more planned for the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and several more installed and planned along BC’s northern coast. These arrays provide hourly maps of surface currents. In the Strait of Georgia, where the Fraser River and ocean tides meet, there are complex surface current patterns that vary under seasonal river and wind conditions. Data are used to understand the circulation ...


Redfish School Of Change: An International Field School Focused On Socioecological Movements In The Salish Sea, Nicholas Stanger, Hilperts Ryan, Joseph Loviska 2018 Western Washington Univ., United States

Redfish School Of Change: An International Field School Focused On Socioecological Movements In The Salish Sea, Nicholas Stanger, Hilperts Ryan, Joseph Loviska

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Redfish School of Change is a non-profit program designed for people who want to lead the way in creating ecological sustainability and social equity in their communities. Each student enters the program with a proposed Community Action Project (CAP) that they develop during the course of our unique field experience, and then work to implement after the program is over. As a participant in this intensive field school, participants kayak, cycle and hike through coastal communities in British Columbia and Washington State. They visit innovative sites and engage with experts in the field of environment and social justice. They ...


Challenges And Opportunities For Marine Spatial Planning In The Salish Sea: Learning From Other Jurisdictions, Ross Jameson, Alexandra Barron, Sabine Jessen 2018 Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society - British Columbia, Canada

Challenges And Opportunities For Marine Spatial Planning In The Salish Sea: Learning From Other Jurisdictions, Ross Jameson, Alexandra Barron, Sabine Jessen

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Salish Sea is a tremendously dynamic, diverse, and ecologically significant inland sea. It has supported indigenous communities for millennia and is now one of the most heavily used coastlines in the world. Increasing industrial use has resulted in declining biodiversity and ecosystem health. As we continue to see increases in human activities and escalating impacts from climate change on marine ecosystems, and associated declines in marine biodiversity and ecosystem health, Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is becoming an increasingly important tool to ensure sustainable use of our coastal and marine resources, for generations to come. However, MSP is a resource ...


Alternatives To Disposing Dredged Wood Waste At Sea, Tiffany Paul 2018 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canada

Alternatives To Disposing Dredged Wood Waste At Sea, Tiffany Paul

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Dredged material in British Columbia sometimes contains wood waste as a by-product of the wood processing industry, typically log handling facilities and sawmills. This presentation will focus on the potential alternative disposal options for dredged wood waste, based on a report by Azimuth Consulting Group, commissioned by Environment and Climate Change Canada to develop a better understanding of the effects of, and options for reducing and managing wood waste and improve the Disposal at Sea permitting process. An analysis of disposal options was considered in light of a comparative assessment of: human health risks; environmental costs; hazards; economics; and exclusion ...


Experiential Education And Outreach Based On Nearshore Monitoring Of The Elwha River Restoration Project, Andrea Ogston, Ian M. Miller, Chloe Dawson, Emily F. Eidam, Nancy Elder, Hannah E. Glover, Steve P. Rubin, Melissa Williams 2018 Univ. of Washington, United States

Experiential Education And Outreach Based On Nearshore Monitoring Of The Elwha River Restoration Project, Andrea Ogston, Ian M. Miller, Chloe Dawson, Emily F. Eidam, Nancy Elder, Hannah E. Glover, Steve P. Rubin, Melissa Williams

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Nearshore monitoring of benthic habitats and the coastal environment following the Elwha River Restoration project has engaged students and citizens with coastal science and management issues. In the post-dam-removal period, the lessons learned will continue to be disseminated via a UW undergraduate course and an interactive digital map, both designed to engage students and communities in restoration science. The research-focused course developed at the UW Friday Harbor Labs has allowed us to engage diverse undergraduate students (and graduate teaching assistants) in the research process. The course integrates interdisciplinary lectures and workshops on data analysis and laboratory methods, with the research ...


New Wood Waste Standard Operating Procedures For Canadian Disposal At Sea Program, Adam LaRusic, Rebecca Seifert 2018 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canada

New Wood Waste Standard Operating Procedures For Canadian Disposal At Sea Program, Adam Larusic, Rebecca Seifert

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Disposal at Sea Program regulates Disposal at Sea activities with the goal of preventing marine pollution. Most of the material that is disposed of at sea is dredged material that must be moved to keep shipping channels and harbors clear for navigation and commerce. In British Columbia dredged material sometimes contains wood waste as a by-product of the wood processing industry. This presentation will provide an overview of new wood waste operating procedures being proposed for the Disposal at Sea Program, based on recommendations from a report by Azimuth Consulting Group of Vancouver, BC.


Effects Of Large Infrastructure On The Underwater Visual Environment And Heightened Predation On Salmon In The Salish Sea, Dave Beauchamp 2018 U.S. Geological Survey, United States

Effects Of Large Infrastructure On The Underwater Visual Environment And Heightened Predation On Salmon In The Salish Sea, Dave Beauchamp

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Most predatory fish, marine mammals, and birds that eat salmon rely primarily vision to feed. Natural processes and anthropogenic change affect visual conditions underwater which in turn profoundly affect the magnitude of predation risk on juvenile and adult salmon as well as forage fishes and other species in shoreline and pelagic environments. I will discuss the implications of how natural and anthropogenic changes in water transparency and artificial light pollution have significantly increased the predation threat environment for juvenile salmon in the Salish Sea and relate these to some of the major infrastructure projects in the Pacific Northwest. High levels ...


Monitoring Stormwater Contaminants In The Puget Sound Nearshore: An Active Biomonitoring Tool Using Transplanted Mussels (Mytilus Trossulus), Jennifer A. Lanksbury, Andrea J. Carey, Mariko M. Langness, Brandi Lubliner, Laurie Niewolny, James E. West 2018 Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, United States

Monitoring Stormwater Contaminants In The Puget Sound Nearshore: An Active Biomonitoring Tool Using Transplanted Mussels (Mytilus Trossulus), Jennifer A. Lanksbury, Andrea J. Carey, Mariko M. Langness, Brandi Lubliner, Laurie Niewolny, James E. West

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Stormwater delivers a diverse range of contaminants to receiving waters including Puget Sound. Monitoring stormwater pollutants and their effects on biota is critical to informing best management practices aimed at recovering Puget Sound health. In the winter of 2012/13, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife’s Toxics-focused Biological Observation System (TBiOS) team conducted a pilot study using transplanted mussels to characterize the extent and magnitude of contamination in nearshore biota of Puget Sound. Mussels are now a key TBiOS indicator organism for tracking contaminants in the nearshore, and the Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM) program has adopted mussels for ...


Using A Design Charrette And State Of The Art Coastal Modeling To Support Local Government Adaptation To Sea Level Rise, Carol Macilroy, John Doyle, Eric Grossman, Guillaume Mauger 2018 Skagit Climate Science Consortium, United States

Using A Design Charrette And State Of The Art Coastal Modeling To Support Local Government Adaptation To Sea Level Rise, Carol Macilroy, John Doyle, Eric Grossman, Guillaume Mauger

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The majority of the Town of La Conner sits at an elevation (MLLW) of 8-13 feet where over the last number of years Town staff have gone from seeing the baseboards of their overwater business district being reached once or twice every four to five years to being reached four to five times a year. These high water events come at great expense to the Town and leave the Town regularly just shy of a major disaster. The Town of La Conner partnered with the Skagit Climate Science Consortium (including USGS, UW Climate Impacts Group and Western Washington University) and ...


When Fish Speak English, Heidi Siegelbaum 2018 Heidi Siegelbaum Inc., United States

When Fish Speak English, Heidi Siegelbaum

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

“What did you just say?” This is the world where cognitive psychology, neural linguistics, risk communication and prose meet the hard sciences. In the Salish Sea, people are aching for meaning, narratives, tools and pathways to help protect what they love or what lines their wallets... but only if they understand the value of Puget Sound as a biological place, a community, an economy and a braided culture. The pathway from data to knowledge to understanding to action is a circuitous and long path which starts with clear communication and first and foremost, understanding our target audiences. These are the ...


Marine Protected Areas And The Role Of Engos In Supporting Mpa Establishment Within The Salish Sea, Ross Jameson, Jacob Chila 2018 Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society - British Columbia, Canada

Marine Protected Areas And The Role Of Engos In Supporting Mpa Establishment Within The Salish Sea, Ross Jameson, Jacob Chila

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Salish Sea is a marine bioregion of extraordinary biological, cultural, spiritual, and socioeconomic value. These waters have sustained indigenous and non-indigenous coastal communities over generations by providing food, cultural, economic, and ecological services. With the growing impacts of human activities and climate change, conservation strategies are needed to ensure the future health of the Salish Sea. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a tried-and-true conservation measure to protect an area’s natural and cultural resources. Public call for the establishment of an MPA within the Southern Strait of Georgia (SSoG), the waters surrounding the Canadian Gulf Islands near Victoria, started ...


Working On The Railroad: Coastal Streams Prioritization To Inform Restoration Planning, Paul Schlenger, Phil Bloch, Jennifer Griffiths 2018 Confluence Environmental Co., United States

Working On The Railroad: Coastal Streams Prioritization To Inform Restoration Planning, Paul Schlenger, Phil Bloch, Jennifer Griffiths

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Puget Sound’s nearshore has been substantially modified since the Industrial Revolution with extensive infrastructure developed along the shoreline. In Washington State, the BNSF railroad right-of-way runs along 52 miles of the shoreline, while another 73 miles of railroad is within 200 feet of the shoreline. In many places, the railroad forms a barrier between the coastal watershed and the shoreline preventing the delivery of water, sediment, wood and organic matter into the nearshore. This creates ongoing degradation of habitat quality in the nearshore, including small estuaries and coastal embayments, which provide important habitat to juvenile Chinook salmon. In addition ...


Is Natural Recovery Occurring At Historic Log Storage Sites In Howe Sound?, Herb Herunter, Steve Macdonald 2018 Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada

Is Natural Recovery Occurring At Historic Log Storage Sites In Howe Sound?, Herb Herunter, Steve Macdonald

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Log handling and storage has contributed large amounts of wood waste to the benthic environments of Howe Sound over the last century. Rates of organic matter deposition in these areas far exceed those of natural origin. Debris, in the form of wood chips, bark, and whole logs, quickly overwhelm benthic environments leading to physical disruption and anoxic conditions unsuitable for most biota. It is estimated that these sites may remain relatively devoid of marine life for many years or decades. As such there is considerable interest in the actual size of these sites and remediation opportunities, especially in productive nearshore ...


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