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Skokomish Estuary Restoration Monitoring, Lisa Belleveau 2018 Skokomish Indian Tribe, United States

Skokomish Estuary Restoration Monitoring, Lisa Belleveau

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

In 2007 the Skokomish Tribe began breaking ground with a phased estuary restoration project. Since then almost 1000 acres have been reintroduced to tidal influence, which was restricted for hundreds of years. The objectives of this project are to restore salmon habitat to help revive the salmon population. In order to measure the success of the project at attaining these goals a monitoring plan was created. With funds provided by the Environmental Protection Agency the Tribe has been conducting estuary monitoring since 2011. Monitoring includes vegetation paired with pore-water salinity and sediment changes; tidal channel depth, temperature, and salinity; as ...


The Beach Strategies Geodatabase, Alison Lubeck, Branden Rishel, Andrea MacLennan, Jim Johannessen 2018 Coastal Geologic Services, United States

The Beach Strategies Geodatabase, Alison Lubeck, Branden Rishel, Andrea Maclennan, Jim Johannessen

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

This oral presentation will highlight methods, results, and utility of the Beach Strategies geospatial database, recently completed by Coastal Geologic Services as part of the ESRP Learning Program. Making nearshore geospatial data accessible and reliable for use by professionals presents unique challenges. Many coastal datasets in the Puget Sound region of the Salish Sea were mapped by many different scientists over many years, some using inconsistent or outdated methods. Improved remote and field-based mapping methods used in the project have greatly expanded the resolution and reliability of data from previous records. This geodatabase has immense value and implications for nearshore ...


Is Stormwater Harming Our Streams? Long-Term Monitoring Of Metals In Stream Stormflow, Daniel Nidzgorski, James M. Grassley, Debora Lester, Debra Bouchard 2018 King County, United States

Is Stormwater Harming Our Streams? Long-Term Monitoring Of Metals In Stream Stormflow, Daniel Nidzgorski, James M. Grassley, Debora Lester, Debra Bouchard

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Water-quality problems in urban and suburban streams are commonly blamed on stormwater pollution -- but actual stormflow pollutant data are much more limited. We analyzed 18 years (1993-2010) of stormflow metals concentrations from 33 stream stations across King County. We tested for long-term trends, compared stormflow and baseflow concentrations, and assessed aquatic and human-health toxicity. Five metals had long-term trends, all beneficial. Lead, nickel, and zinc concentrations have decreased over time. Calcium and magnesium concentrations have increased, which can reduce the adverse effects of toxic metals. In comparison to baseflow, 13 metals had discernably higher concentrations in stormflow (during 2001-2003 when ...


Developing A Nearshore Geospatial Framework For Recovery Assessment And Planning, Jennifer Burke, Stacy Vynne 2018 Puget Sound Partnership, United States

Developing A Nearshore Geospatial Framework For Recovery Assessment And Planning, Jennifer Burke, Stacy Vynne

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

As part of the Beach Strategies project developed by the Estuary and Salmon Restoration Program (ESRP), Puget Sound Partnership, ESRP, and Coastal Geologic Services (CGS) developed a geospatial framework to integrate nearshore data for analyses. The Beach Strategies project developed a geodatabase to inform restoration and protection planning. The Nearshore Geospatial Framework was designed as a companion structure to the Beach Strategies data to facilitate consistent and scalable units of analysis across the region-wide dataset. The framework is a series of consistent polygons with variable characteristics in both aquatic and inland areas of the nearshore. The polygon structures include variable ...


Successes And Lessons Learned: Supporting Organizations' Capacity To Protect And Restore Puget Sound, Taylor Biaggi 2018 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, United States

Successes And Lessons Learned: Supporting Organizations' Capacity To Protect And Restore Puget Sound, Taylor Biaggi

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Puget Sound “Management Conference” is the fundamental governance structure for Puget Sound restoration and protection, formally and informally engaging scores of entities at all levels of government, the private sector, tribal governments, and non-governmental organizations. Each participating organization must secure resources to enable its engagement in this regional effort. EPA and others have provided targeted capacity support to some of these participating entities. EPA has over seven years of experience with various forms of Puget Sound capacity support. Our presentation will share highlights and lessons learned from this experience. Our presentation will include themes and findings from extensive discussions ...


Pacific Salmon In Puget Sound: Abundance, Survival And Body Size (1970-2015), James P. Losee, Aaron Dufault, Neala Kendall 2018 Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, United States

Pacific Salmon In Puget Sound: Abundance, Survival And Body Size (1970-2015), James P. Losee, Aaron Dufault, Neala Kendall

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Pacific salmon and trout (Oncorhynchus spp.) inhabiting Puget Sound marine waters have experienced both recent and long-term variability in abundance while supporting robust commercial, tribal, and sport fisheries. In recent years, numerous species-specific status reports have been completed, though formal comparisons among all five species of salmon and steelhead trout are not available. We compared spatial and temporal patterns of abundance, survival, productivity, and body size between hatchery-origin and naturally-produced adult salmon and steelhead trout returning to marine waters of Puget Sound, Washington, USA. Stock-specific total run size (of fish at the entrance to Puget Sound) was calculated for pink ...


Fish Passage At Intertidal Obstructions: Approaches In Washington State, Padraic Smith 2018 Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, United States

Fish Passage At Intertidal Obstructions: Approaches In Washington State, Padraic Smith

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Washington State has an active fish passage barrier correction program, with millions of dollars spent annually on fish passage barrier remediation. Tidal water crossing structures, including culverts, bridges, tidegates and control structures pose a unique problem for assessment and design for fish passage and estuarine habitat connectivity. Current fish passage criteria was developed primarily to allow adult salmon access to upstream spawning habitat and is based on adult fish swimming capabilities during the flow range expected during the period of migration. The hydrology of freshwater systems includes flooding periods that are infrequent and unpredictable. Tidal hydrology, on the other hand ...


Kelp Forest Dynamics: Links To Climate And Long Term Trends, Helen Berry, Cathy Pfister, Tom Mumford 2018 Washington State Dept. of Natural Resources, United States

Kelp Forest Dynamics: Links To Climate And Long Term Trends, Helen Berry, Cathy Pfister, Tom Mumford

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Kelp forests are foundation species in the Salish Sea, and their dynamics are key to the fate of many other species. Research in other regions has shown that kelp abundance is driven in part by climate and can be impacted by human activities (for example, pollution and altered competition among species). While downward trends in kelp abundance have been of concern globally, trends are often locally distinct. We combined long term monitoring datasets and historical records to explore whether bull kelp (Nereocystis luetkeana) and giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) dynamics in the Salish Sea region: 1) correlate with climate conditions, and ...


Prioritizing Management Actions For The Fraser River Estuary, Laura Kehoe, Jessie Lund, Julia Baum, Lia Chalifour, Tara Martin 2018 Univ. of Victoria, Canada

Prioritizing Management Actions For The Fraser River Estuary, Laura Kehoe, Jessie Lund, Julia Baum, Lia Chalifour, Tara Martin

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Conservation research has predominantly focused on identifying where and why species or habitats are under threat. While this is a crucial first step, it does not tell us how to optimize the allocation of resources in order to conserve threatened biodiversity. The time is ripe to focus on identifying the key management actions needed to respond to multiple threats and emerging risks. Using state-of-the-art techniques in conservation decision science, priority threat management assessment, and expert elicitation, we seek to identify the most ecologically effective and at the same time, least costly management actions needed to ensure the long-term persistence of ...


Potential Interactions Of Sea Level Rise And Sedimentation In The Lower Puyallup River, Jeff Parsons 2018 Herrera Enviromental Consultants, United States

Potential Interactions Of Sea Level Rise And Sedimentation In The Lower Puyallup River, Jeff Parsons

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Sea level rise and sedimentation have both been documented to contribute to future flooding in the densely developed Lower Puyallup River valley. However, their impacts have only been analyzed in isolation. In the Lower Puyallup River, these processes will interact. As sea level rises, the salt wedge, which is often flushed from leveed river channel, will be increasingly located in the leveed river channel, exacerbating sedimentation issues. Since the reach is no longer dredged, this sedimentation will decrease conveyance and increase the risk of the flooding over time. The interactions of the salt wedge and sedimentation will be nonlinear and ...


Long-Term Changes In Salish Sea Kelp Forests And The Benthos: Evidence Of Response To Chemical Contaminants, Nutrient Loading, And Climate Change Pressures., Margaret Dutch, Christopher Krembs, Jude Apple, Christopher Harley 2018 Washington State Department of Ecology

Long-Term Changes In Salish Sea Kelp Forests And The Benthos: Evidence Of Response To Chemical Contaminants, Nutrient Loading, And Climate Change Pressures., Margaret Dutch, Christopher Krembs, Jude Apple, Christopher Harley

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

No abstract provided.


Understanding And Managing Underwater Noise: Results From The Haro Strait Vessel Slowdown Trial, Krista Trounce 2018 Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, Canada

Understanding And Managing Underwater Noise: Results From The Haro Strait Vessel Slowdown Trial, Krista Trounce

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

The Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation (ECHO) Program is a Vancouver Fraser Port Authority-led initiative aimed at better understanding and managing the impact of shipping activities on at-risk whales throughout the southern coast of BC. Between August 7 and October 6, 2017, the ECHO Program managed a voluntary vessel slowdown trial in Haro Strait, located between Vancouver Island in British Columbia and San Juan Island in Washington State. Haro Strait is an important summer feeding area for southern resident killer whales, and a busy international shipping route. Through extensive consultation and collaboration with the Pacific Pilotage Authority, BC Coast Pilots ...


The Microbiome Of The Canopy-Forming Kelps, Nereocystis And Macrocystis, From The Outer Olympic Coast To The Puget Sound, Brooke L. Weigel, Catherine A. Pfister 2018 Univ. of Chicago, United States

The Microbiome Of The Canopy-Forming Kelps, Nereocystis And Macrocystis, From The Outer Olympic Coast To The Puget Sound, Brooke L. Weigel, Catherine A. Pfister

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Canopy-forming kelps create vast underwater forests that are among the most productive marine ecosystems. In addition to providing vital habitat for macroscopic organisms, kelps also host an abundant microbial community in their surface mucus layer. In the Salish Sea, two canopy-forming kelps with contrasting life histories co-occur; Macrocystis pyrifera, a perennial species, and Nereocystis luetkeana, an annual species. Kelp-associated microbial communities were sampled along a spatial gradient, including sites from the outer Olympic Coast, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and Puget Sound. We characterized the microbial communities associated with each kelp species and the surrounding seawater using next-generation Illumina sequencing ...


The Center For Creative Conservation: Fostering Novel Collaborations For Regional Sustainability, Sara Breslow, Joshua Lawler, Julian Olden, Spencer Wood 2018 Univ. of Washington, United States

The Center For Creative Conservation: Fostering Novel Collaborations For Regional Sustainability, Sara Breslow, Joshua Lawler, Julian Olden, Spencer Wood

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Broad environmental and social forces are affecting our regional ecosystems and impacting the communities who depend on them in diverse ways. Addressing these complex social-ecological challenges necessitates growth in the collective wisdom of society. The Center for Creative Conservation at the University of Washington is addressing this need by promoting innovative solutions to complex environmental problems through fostering collaborations across broadly diverse disciplines, sectors, and communities. We strive to learn and apply best practices of transdisciplinarity, meaning authentically engaging different modes of knowing toward novel and integrated ideas, methods, and applications. For example, we convene medical researchers with ecologists, urban ...


Comparison Of Bull Kelp Coverage Survey Methods Over Time In The San Juan Archipelago, Todd Woodard, Casey Palmer-McGee 2018 Samish Indian Nation, United States

Comparison Of Bull Kelp Coverage Survey Methods Over Time In The San Juan Archipelago, Todd Woodard, Casey Palmer-Mcgee

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Bull Kelp forests are an important habitat in the Salish Sea. They provide critical habitat for a wide variety of species including newly listed rockfish. Yet little data currently exists to determine overall canopy coverage or trends in kelp coverage. In 2017, the Samish Indian Nation initiated a project to compare baseline kelp coverage with Traditional Ecological Knowledge from Tribal Fishermen and a 2006 remote sensing survey conducted by Friends of the San Juans. Using a combination of aerial photography analysis, boat based surveys and NASA satellite imagery, this project seeks to gain a unique perspective on kelp forest trends ...


Bottom-Up And Top-Down Processes Affecting Marine Survival Of Salmon In The Salish Sea, Dave Beauchamp 2018 U.S. Geological Survey, United States

Bottom-Up And Top-Down Processes Affecting Marine Survival Of Salmon In The Salish Sea, Dave Beauchamp

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Bottom-up processes mechanistically link with top-down control of populations, and these interactions are mediated by environmental variability and human-induced changes in land and water use. Size-selective mortality can be a significant force regulating recruitment of salmon and may be imposed at different life stages and habitats for different species, stocks, or life history types. The first months of marine growth are commonly regarded as a critical period for growth and survival of salmon. For ESA-listed Puget Sound Chinook salmon, emergent bottom-up patterns include: 1) a critical growth period occurs when body mass increases 2-4 fold during the first month of ...


What's Working To Restore Puget Sound? Connecting Investments, Actions, And Outcomes, Leska Fore, Keith Dublanica, Jennifer Johnson, Jessica Archer 2018 Puget Sound Partnership, United States

What's Working To Restore Puget Sound? Connecting Investments, Actions, And Outcomes, Leska Fore, Keith Dublanica, Jennifer Johnson, Jessica Archer

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Throughout Puget Sound, long-term funding and investment in recovery actions have resulted in measurable improvements. Results from individual projects have been reported anecdotally in terms of improved water quality, habitat condition and wildlife, and salmon populations. Yet our ability to report these positive outcomes to funding agencies has been limited. This is because information and results are scattered across databases maintained by multiple local, state, tribal, and federal agencies. Data sets are typically well curated, but not connected. We have developed a prototype of a web tool that combines information about actions and outcomes to demonstrate the value of investments ...


Simulating Eutrophication Effects In Puget Sound Using Qualitative Network Models, Chris Harvey, Kathryn Sobocinski 2018 Northwest Fisheries Science Ctr., United States

Simulating Eutrophication Effects In Puget Sound Using Qualitative Network Models, Chris Harvey, Kathryn Sobocinski

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Ecosystems are complex, dynamic networks of interacting physical, chemical, biological and social components. A stressor such as eutrophication thus can cause responses throughout the system via direct and indirect pathways and feedbacks. Ecosystem models are typically designed to account for as many critical components, functions and pathways as possible in order to reasonably simulate how a system may respond to a stressor; however, many aspects of ecosystem structure and function are poorly studied and too data-poor to represent in a quantitative, mechanistic model. Qualitative network models (QNMs) assume comparably simple (i.e., positive or negative) relationships between interacting components, and ...


Inspiring Farm Conservation Stewardship: Adaptations To Incentive-Based Campaigns, Aneka Sweeney 2018 Whatcom Conservation District, United States

Inspiring Farm Conservation Stewardship: Adaptations To Incentive-Based Campaigns, Aneka Sweeney

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Traditional information-based campaigns, programs of voluntary incentive-based technical and financial assistance and regulatory compulsion have proved moderately effective in the past to abate bacterial pollution from livestock operations. These have been an industry standard for decades as the exclusive means to motivate land managers to adopt stewardship practices. These methods have failed to sustain reductions in bacteria from farms primarily because they leave 60% of the target audience unengaged. Widespread adoption of better livestock and manure management practices can reduce fecal coliform bacteria in both fresh and marine waters. However, to achieve and maintain Approved shellfish growing areas, land stewardship ...


Assessment Of Floodplain Condition Across Puget Sound: An Emerging Tool For Tracking Investments And Communicating Status, Jennifer Burke, Colin Hume, Ilon Logan, Scott McKinney 2018 Puget Sound Partnership, United States

Assessment Of Floodplain Condition Across Puget Sound: An Emerging Tool For Tracking Investments And Communicating Status, Jennifer Burke, Colin Hume, Ilon Logan, Scott Mckinney

Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference

Floodplains are some of the most economically and ecologically vital lands of Puget Sound but also some of the most impaired as well. Investments at the local and regional level aim to improve aquatic and terrestrial habitat, reduce flood risk, and protect economically important lands. However, the condition and status of Puget Sound floodplains is poorly quantified in a consistent manner across the 17 major watersheds, hindering strategic investments and planning. The Puget Sound Partnership and Washington Department of Ecology are developing an assessment of floodplain condition and status for a Sound-wide watershed-scale floodplain monitoring effort using spatial data and ...


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