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Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington 2021 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Aims and Objectives. This literature review's objective was to synthesize evidence from previously published literature on telemedicine interventions' effectiveness on CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) therapy compliance.

Background. It is estimated that 22 million Americans suffer from a form of Sleep Apnea (SA), and those up to 80 percent of the cases of moderate to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are undiagnosed (Sleep Apnea, n,d). The first-line therapy for OSA is CPAP. However, CPAP therapy is associated with low compliance rates.

Design. Systematic review.

Method. A multi-database literature search was conducted to identify published literature between 2009 and ...


The Efficacy Of A Sumatriptan And Naproxen Combination Pill In A Patient With Chronic Migraines Who Discontinued Triptan Therapy In The Past Due To A Self-Reported Poor Response To Sumatriptan Monotherapy, Ethan M. Cohen 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

The Efficacy Of A Sumatriptan And Naproxen Combination Pill In A Patient With Chronic Migraines Who Discontinued Triptan Therapy In The Past Due To A Self-Reported Poor Response To Sumatriptan Monotherapy, Ethan M. Cohen

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Mathew NT, Landy S, Stark S, et al. Fixed-dose sumatriptan and naproxen in poor responders to triptans with a short half-life. Headache. 2009;49(7):971-982. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01458.x

for a patient with chronic migraines who had self-reported poor response to sumatriptan monotherapy.


Effectiveness And Safety Of Oral Anticoagulants Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Active Cancer, Steve Deitelzweig, Allison V. Keshishian, Yan Zhang, Amiee Kang, Amol D. Dhamane, Xuemei Luo, Christian Klem, Mauricio Ferri, Jenny Jiang, Huseyin Yuce, Gregory Y.H. Lip 2021 Ochsner Clinic Foundation

Effectiveness And Safety Of Oral Anticoagulants Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Active Cancer, Steve Deitelzweig, Allison V. Keshishian, Yan Zhang, Amiee Kang, Amol D. Dhamane, Xuemei Luo, Christian Klem, Mauricio Ferri, Jenny Jiang, Huseyin Yuce, Gregory Y.H. Lip

Publications and Research

BACKGROUND Patients with cancer are more likely to develop nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Currently there are no definitive clinical trials or treatment guidelines for NVAF patients with concurrent cancer.

OBJECTIVES This subgroup analysis of the ARISTOPHANES study compared the risk of stroke/systemic embolism (stroke/SE) and major bleeding (MB) among NVAF patients with active cancer who were prescribed non–vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) or warfarin.

METHODS A retrospective observational study was conducted in NVAF patients with active cancer who newly initiated apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or warfarin from January 1, 2013, through September 30, 2015, with the use ...


Lung Physiological Variations In Covid-19 Patients And Inhalation Therapy Development For Remodeled Lungs, Jinxiang Xi, Brendan Walfield, Xiuhua April Si, Alexander A. Bankier 2021 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Lung Physiological Variations In Covid-19 Patients And Inhalation Therapy Development For Remodeled Lungs, Jinxiang Xi, Brendan Walfield, Xiuhua April Si, Alexander A. Bankier

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

In response to the unmet need for effective treatments for symptomatic patients, research efforts of inhaled therapy for COVID-19 patients have been pursued since the pandemic began. However, inhalation drug delivery to the lungs is sensitive to the lung anatomy and physiology, which can be significantly altered due to the viral infection. The ensued ventilation heterogeneity will change distribution and thus dosimetry of inhaled medications, rendering previous correlations concepts? of pulmonary drug delivery in healthy lungs less reliable. In this study, we first reviewed the recent developments of inhaled therapeutics and vaccines, as well as the latest knowledge of the ...


Classical Findings Of Infantile Hepatic Hemangiomas, Senayit Demie, Michael Bossak 2021 Memorial Health University Medical Center

Classical Findings Of Infantile Hepatic Hemangiomas, Senayit Demie, Michael Bossak

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that are common during infancy. They are most commonly noted as superficial bright red lesions on the skin but can also be found deeper as subcutaneous lesions. Patients with multifocal cutaneous hemangiomas are at risk of visceral involvement with the liver being most commonly affected. Most hemangiomas can be monitored clinically as they are self-limiting. Despite this, hepatic hemangiomas can have serious complications including large arteriovenous shunts leading to cardiac compromise as well as severe hepatomegaly which can cause abdominal compartment syndrome, impaired ventilation and renal vein compression.

Clinical Findings

A six-month-old female, born ...


Artificial Intelligence Toward Personalized Medicine, Muhammad Wildan Gifari, Pugud Samodro, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan 2021 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Lampung, Indonesia

Artificial Intelligence Toward Personalized Medicine, Muhammad Wildan Gifari, Pugud Samodro, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

In current medical practice when a patient feels symptoms he/she would consult the doctor. The doctor then gives medication in a one-fits-all fashion. However, recent genetics studies had shown that different genetic makeup can results in different effects on medication, so the medication should be customed for every individual. The main idea of “personalized medicine” is to provide the right intervention including medication to the right patient at the right time and dose. With this approach, the medication paradigm would shift from curative to preventive. The rise of personalized medicine had been possible because the information from ever-increasing biomolecular ...


Effect Of Lactoferrin To Increase Drug Permeability Of Primary Pulmonary Mycobacterial Granulomas, Thao Nguyen, Thao KT Nguyen 2021 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Effect Of Lactoferrin To Increase Drug Permeability Of Primary Pulmonary Mycobacterial Granulomas, Thao Nguyen, Thao Kt Nguyen

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Despite extensive research and worldwide eradication efforts, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains a major infectious pathogen to the human population with about 10 million cases of infection per year globally. The host-pathogen interaction, pulmonary granuloma formation, and Mtb adaptions result in increased complexity of the disease. Granulomas are formed by active immune responses generated during Mtb infection, and serve to contain and limit bacterial dissemination. The major mycobacterial surface mycolic acid, trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM), functions in multiple ways to enhance immune cell recruitment of sites of infection, to induce inflammation and granulomatous responses, and to initiate survival strategies for ...


Effect Of Ultrasound Pressure On The Distribution Of Bovine Serum Albumin Delivered By Focused Ultrasound-Mediated Blood-Brain Barrier Opening In Cleared Mouse Brains, Yajie Liu 2021 Washington University in St. Louis

Effect Of Ultrasound Pressure On The Distribution Of Bovine Serum Albumin Delivered By Focused Ultrasound-Mediated Blood-Brain Barrier Opening In Cleared Mouse Brains, Yajie Liu

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Most common diagnosis and therapeutic methods have low effectiveness when used on brain diseases. The key obstacle is that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) prevents most drugs from entering the brain. Some strategies have been developed to improve the efficiency of drug delivery crossing BBB. Among all these strategies, focused ultrasound-mediated BBB opening (FUS-BBB Opening) stands out since it is noninvasive and can be located to the target area. Detailed studies are required on the distribution of drugs delivered by FUS-BBB opening and the effects of FUS parameters on the distribution. This thesis proposes a pipeline involving tissue clearing and lightsheet ...


Comprehensive Review And Update Of Burning Eye Syndrome, Stephen Giacomazzi, Ivan Urits, Briggs Hoyt, Ashley Hubble, Elyse M. Cornett, Kyle Gress, Karina Charipova, Amnon A. Berger, Hisham Kassem, Alan D. Kaye, Omar Viswanath 2021 Creighton University School of Medicine

Comprehensive Review And Update Of Burning Eye Syndrome, Stephen Giacomazzi, Ivan Urits, Briggs Hoyt, Ashley Hubble, Elyse M. Cornett, Kyle Gress, Karina Charipova, Amnon A. Berger, Hisham Kassem, Alan D. Kaye, Omar Viswanath

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (“dry eye”) is a common (14%–30% of adults over age 48) though difficult to treat condition that causes both discomfort and disability with associated dryness, pain, and visual disturbances. Etiology is not clearly understood but is likely varied, with a subset of patients suffering from chronic neuropathic pain referred to as “burning eye syndrome.” This review of existing literature summarizes the clinical presentation, natural history, pathophysiology, and treatment modalities of burning eye syndrome.

Chronicity of burning eye syndrome is likely secondary to increased nociception from the cornea, decrease in inhibitory signals, and nerve growth factor expression alterations ...


Intraoperative Administration Of An Nsaid And An Opioid Vs. An Opioid Alone Effect On Postoperative Ileus Development, Brooke H. Ulsh, Delaney N. Vedros, Rebekah G. Whaley, Sharon Little DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Intraoperative Administration Of An Nsaid And An Opioid Vs. An Opioid Alone Effect On Postoperative Ileus Development, Brooke H. Ulsh, Delaney N. Vedros, Rebekah G. Whaley, Sharon Little Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

The purpose of this DNP project is to examine what is known from existing literature about postoperative ileus development in the adult surgical patient population after receiving intraoperative opioids versus a combination of intraoperative opioids and NSAIDs.


Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine For Reduction Of Postoperative Delirium In The Elderly: A Scoping Review, Gregory B. Harris BSN, RN, SRNA, Brooke N. Hatchell BSN, RN, SRNA, Davelin D. Woodard BSN, RN, SRNA, Dwayne Accardo DNP, APRN, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine For Reduction Of Postoperative Delirium In The Elderly: A Scoping Review, Gregory B. Harris Bsn, Rn, Srna, Brooke N. Hatchell Bsn, Rn, Srna, Davelin D. Woodard Bsn, Rn, Srna, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Aprn, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background/Purpose: Post-operative delirium leads to significant morbidity in elderly patients, yet there is no regimen to prevent POD. Opioid use in the elderly surgical population is of the most significant risk factors for developing POD. The purpose of this scoping review is to recognize that Dexmedetomidine mitigates cognitive dysfunction secondary to acute pain and the use of narcotic analgesia by decreasing the amount of norepinephrine (an excitatory neurotransmitter) released during times of stress. This mechanism of action also provides analgesia through decreased perception and modulation of pain.

Methods: The authors developed eligibility criteria for inclusion of articles and performed ...


Pain Control: Opioid Vs. Nonopioid Analgesia During The Immediate Postoperative Period, Shamsie M. Lumpkin BSN, SRNA, Isaac W. Parrish BSN, SRNA, Austin S. Terrell BSN, SRNA, Dwayne S. Accardo DNP, APRN, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Pain Control: Opioid Vs. Nonopioid Analgesia During The Immediate Postoperative Period, Shamsie M. Lumpkin Bsn, Srna, Isaac W. Parrish Bsn, Srna, Austin S. Terrell Bsn, Srna, Dwayne S. Accardo Dnp, Aprn, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background Opioid analgesia has become the mainstay for acute pain management in the postoperative setting. However, the use of opioid medications comes with significant risks and side effects. Due to increasing numbers of prescriptions to those with chronic pain, opioid medications have become more expensive while becoming less effective due to the buildup of patient tolerance. The idea of opioid-free analgesic techniques has rarely been breached in many hospitals. Emerging research has shown that opioid-sparing approaches have resulted in lower reported pain scores across the board, as well as significant cost reductions to hospitals and insurance agencies. In addition to ...


Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting Implications In Neostigmine Versus Sugammadex, Corey Lee Johnson, Colton Bradley James, Sarah Grace Traughber, Charles Anthony Walker, Dwayne Accardo DNP, APRN, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting Implications In Neostigmine Versus Sugammadex, Corey Lee Johnson, Colton Bradley James, Sarah Grace Traughber, Charles Anthony Walker, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Aprn, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent complaint in the postoperative period, which can delay discharge, result in readmission, and increase cost for patients and facilities. Inducing paralysis is common in anesthesia, as is utilizing the drugs neostigmine and sugammadex as reversal agents for non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockers. Many studies are available that compare these two drugs to determine if neostigmine increases the risk of PONV over sugammadex. Sugammadex has a more favorable pharmacologic profile and may improve patient outcomes by reducing PONV.

Methods: This review included screening a total of 39 studies and peer-reviewed articles that looked ...


P38 Mapks - Roles In Skeletal Muscle Physiology, Disease Mechanisms, And As Potential Therapeutic Targets, Christopher M. Brennan, Charles P. Emerson Jr., Jane Owens, Nicolas Christoforou 2021 Pfizer Inc.

P38 Mapks - Roles In Skeletal Muscle Physiology, Disease Mechanisms, And As Potential Therapeutic Targets, Christopher M. Brennan, Charles P. Emerson Jr., Jane Owens, Nicolas Christoforou

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

p38 MAPKs play a central role in orchestrating the cellular response to stress and inflammation and in the regulation of myogenesis. Potent inhibitors of p38 MAPKs have been pursued as potential therapies for several disease indications due to their antiinflammatory properties, although none have been approved to date. Here, we provide a brief overview of p38 MAPKs, including their role in regulating myogenesis and their association with disease progression. Finally, we discuss targeting p38 MAPKs as a therapeutic approach for treating facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy and other muscular dystrophies by addressing multiple pathological mechanisms in skeletal muscle.


Report Of The National Institutes Of Health Sars-Cov-2 Antiviral Therapeutics Summit, Matthew D. Hall, James M. Anderson, Celia A. Schiffer, Anthony J. Conley, Mindy I. Davis 2021 National Institutes of Health

Report Of The National Institutes Of Health Sars-Cov-2 Antiviral Therapeutics Summit, Matthew D. Hall, James M. Anderson, Celia A. Schiffer, Anthony J. Conley, Mindy I. Davis

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

The NIH Virtual SARS-CoV-2 Antiviral Summit, held on November 6, 2020, was organized to provide an overview on the status and challenges in developing antiviral therapeutics for COVID-19, including combinations of antivirals. Scientific experts from the public and private sectors convened virtually during a live videocast to discuss SARS-CoV-2 targets for drug discovery as well as the preclinical tools needed to develop and evaluate effective small molecule antivirals. The goals of the Summit were to review the current state of the science, identify unmet research needs, share insights and lessons learned from treating other infectious diseases, identify opportunities for public-private ...


Evaluation Of Somatic Mutations In Solid Metastatic Pan-Cancer Patients, Moom Roosan, Isa Mambetsariev, Rebecca Pharaon, Jeremy Fricke, Angel R. Baroz, Joseph Chao, Chen Chen, Mohd W. Nasser, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Maneesh Jain, Lynette Smith, Susan E. Yost, Karen L. Reckamp, Raju Pillai, Leonidas Arvanitis, Michelle Afkhami, Edward W. Wang, Vincent Chung, Mihaela Cristea, Marwan Fakih, Marianna Koczywas, Erminia Massarelli, Joanne Mortimer, Yuan Yuan, Surinder K. Batra, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia 2021 Chapman University

Evaluation Of Somatic Mutations In Solid Metastatic Pan-Cancer Patients, Moom Roosan, Isa Mambetsariev, Rebecca Pharaon, Jeremy Fricke, Angel R. Baroz, Joseph Chao, Chen Chen, Mohd W. Nasser, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Maneesh Jain, Lynette Smith, Susan E. Yost, Karen L. Reckamp, Raju Pillai, Leonidas Arvanitis, Michelle Afkhami, Edward W. Wang, Vincent Chung, Mihaela Cristea, Marwan Fakih, Marianna Koczywas, Erminia Massarelli, Joanne Mortimer, Yuan Yuan, Surinder K. Batra, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Metastasis continues to be the primary cause of all cancer-related deaths despite the recent advancements in cancer treatments. To evaluate the role of mutations in overall survival (OS) and treatment outcomes, we analyzed 957 metastatic patients with seven major cancer types who had available molecular testing results with a FoundationOne CDx® panel. The most prevalent genes with somatic mutations were TP53, KRAS, APC, and LRP1B. In this analysis, these genes had mutation frequencies higher than in publicly available datasets. We identified that the somatic mutations were seven mutually exclusive gene pairs and an additional fifty-two co-occurring gene pairs. Mutations in ...


Iatrogenic Electrocautery Damage And Cellular-Based Corrosion Of Total Joint Arthroplasty Biomaterials, Kirsten Carol Miller 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Iatrogenic Electrocautery Damage And Cellular-Based Corrosion Of Total Joint Arthroplasty Biomaterials, Kirsten Carol Miller

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Introduction. The number of patients undergoing a Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty (PTKA) has been increasing steadily each year. Of those PTKA patients, 20% report long-term pain and/or some functional deficit. Cobalt-Chromium-Molybdenum (CoCrMo) alloy is one of the most used materials in Total Joint Arthroplasty (TJA) implants due the material’s high strength, high corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. The release of metal ions and potential occurrence of metallosis in TJA has been shown to be detrimental to the longevity of the implant. The mechanisms leading to this increase in metal ion concentrations have been up for debate, with some believing ...


Utility Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy To Reduce Pain In Children With Sickle Cell Disease, Abigail Radomsky 2021 Wayne State University

Utility Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy To Reduce Pain In Children With Sickle Cell Disease, Abigail Radomsky

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Schatz J, Schlenz AM, McClellan CB, et al. Changes in coping, pain, and activity after cognitive-behavioral training. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2015;31(6):536-47 https://doi.org/10.1097/ajp.0000000000000183

for a child with sickle cell disease.


Tanden Art-Making As Contemplative Practice, Rumi Ito 2021 Lesley University

Tanden Art-Making As Contemplative Practice, Rumi Ito

Expressive Therapies Dissertations

The art-based study, focused on painting with black ink on paper and video documentation, explores the relationship between artistic expression and contemplative breathing with a particular focus on tanden, a unique concept of such Asian cultures as Chinese, Korean and Japanese. There were three research questions: “How can tanden influence one’s physical movements in the art-making process?” and “Can contemplative breathing with a focus on tanden influence the quality of expression in one’s art-making? If so, what are the influences and implications for art therapy?”

The research suggested five bodily sensations common to all participants: inhaling and exhaling ...


Exploring The Usefulness Of Mindfulness Practices Through Zoom Meetings In Reducing Anxiety And/Or Stress Of Adults With Learning And Developmental Disabilities During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Thatiane Abra 2021 Lesley University

Exploring The Usefulness Of Mindfulness Practices Through Zoom Meetings In Reducing Anxiety And/Or Stress Of Adults With Learning And Developmental Disabilities During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Thatiane Abra

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis explored which mindfulness meditations or mindfulness practices could be beneficial in the online sessions, the extent to which adults with learning and developmental disabilities could learn the practices remotely, and how stress and anxiety disorders could be reduced through online mindfulness interventions. Furthermore, it was also necessary to address the online sessions as the only mental health treatment possibility during the Coronavirus pandemic for the clients observed and the benefits and limitations of these interventions. Additionally, the importance of structure and routine for this population, the multi-modal structure of the interventions, and how attunement plays an important role ...


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