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Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington 2021 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Aims and Objectives. This literature review's objective was to synthesize evidence from previously published literature on telemedicine interventions' effectiveness on CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) therapy compliance.

Background. It is estimated that 22 million Americans suffer from a form of Sleep Apnea (SA), and those up to 80 percent of the cases of moderate to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are undiagnosed (Sleep Apnea, n,d). The first-line therapy for OSA is CPAP. However, CPAP therapy is associated with low compliance rates.

Design. Systematic review.

Method. A multi-database literature search was conducted to identify published literature between 2009 and ...


Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano 2021 University of San Diego

Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Hypertension is a public health issue estimated to affect 112 million adults by 2030. Primary care patients in an outpatient clinic in Southern California with elevated blood pressure readings in the office did not have an organized system for close follow-up. The purpose of this evidence-based project (EBP) was to educate patients on self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), diet interventions, and healthy weight loss to improve hypertension rates. Through these interventions, patients developed an understanding of their systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals. Nurse practitioners, medical assistants, and licensed vocational nurses screened for high ...


An Analysis Of Survival And Mortality Among Patients Admitted To Surgical Icu In Ibin Sina Hospital In Mukalla City, Yemen, Abdulla Saleh Alyamani, Salah Ahmed Binzaiad, Khalid Ahmed BaEassa 2021 College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hadhramout University

An Analysis Of Survival And Mortality Among Patients Admitted To Surgical Icu In Ibin Sina Hospital In Mukalla City, Yemen, Abdulla Saleh Alyamani, Salah Ahmed Binzaiad, Khalid Ahmed Baeassa

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

The intensive Care Unit (ICU) is an important unit that takes care of patients with severely life-threatening illnesses and injuries in order to maintain normal body functions. This study aims to estimate survival and mortality among patients admitted to Surgical ICU (SICU ) in Ibin Sina hospital in Mukalla city. A total of 320 patients records from surgical ICU were reviewed during the last six months in 2018 to estimate the survival and mortality rate using Kaplan Meier to evaluate Hazard Rate (HR) using Cox regression. The mortality rate was found 20%. Out of all dead patients 52 (81.2%) were ...


Effect Of Different Irrigation Regimens On Enterococcus Faecalis Elimination From Infected Root Canals (An In-Vitro Comparative Study), Fadl Khaled, Roula Abiad, Khaled Abd El Galil, Essam Osman 2021 PHD program Resident, Division of Endodontology, Department of Restorative Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Effect Of Different Irrigation Regimens On Enterococcus Faecalis Elimination From Infected Root Canals (An In-Vitro Comparative Study), Fadl Khaled, Roula Abiad, Khaled Abd El Galil, Essam Osman

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Microorganisms harbored in the complexities of root canal systems might lead to endodontic failures and development of apical periodontitis. Enterococcus faecalis is the most common isolated bacteria in these cases. Aim: This study was conducted to compare the efficiency of four irrigation regimens on the elimination of an inoculated strain of E. faecalis. Materials and Methods: Forty single rooted extracted premolars were inoculated with a standard strain of Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and incubated at 37˚C for two weeks to allow infection of the dentinal tubules. The bacterial suspension was replaced with a new one every 48 hours. The ...


Creating Reel Designs: Reflecting On Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita In The Community, Iris Layadi 2021 Purdue University

Creating Reel Designs: Reflecting On Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita In The Community, Iris Layadi

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Because of its extreme rarity, the genetic disease arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) and the needs of individuals with the diagnosis are often overlooked. AMC refers to the development of nonprogressive contractures in disparate areas of the body and is characterized by decreased flexibility in joints, muscle atrophy, and developmental delays. Colton Darst, a seven-year-old boy from Indianapolis, Indiana, was born with the disorder, and since then, he has undergone numerous surgical interventions and continues to receive orthopedic therapy to reduce his physical limitations. His parents, Michael and Amber Darst, have hopes for him to regain his limbic motion and are ...


In-Season Concussion Symptom Reporting In Male And Female Collegiate Rugby Athletes, Emily E. Kieffer,, P. Gunnar Brolinson, Arthur C. Maerlender, Eric Smith, Steven Rowson 2021 Virginia Tech

In-Season Concussion Symptom Reporting In Male And Female Collegiate Rugby Athletes, Emily E. Kieffer,, P. Gunnar Brolinson, Arthur C. Maerlender, Eric Smith, Steven Rowson

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Symptom inventories are generally only collected after a suspected concussion, but regular in-season monitoring may allude to clinical symptoms associated with repetitive subconcussive impacts and potential undiagnosed concussions. Despite sex-specific differences in symptom presentation and outcome of concussion, no return-to-play protocol takes sex into account. The objective of this study was to monitor a cohort of contact-sport athletes and compare the frequency and severity of in-season concussion-like symptom reporting between sexes. Graded symptom checklists from 144 female and 104 male athlete-seasons were administered weekly to quantify the effect of subconcussive impacts on frequency and severity of in-season symptom reporting. In-season ...


Mobile Phone Sensors Can Discern Medication-Related Gait Quality Changes In Parkinson's Patients In The Home Environment, Albert Pierce, Niklas König Ignasiak, Wilford K. Eiteman-Pang, Cyril Rakovski, Vincent Berardi 2021 Chapman University

Mobile Phone Sensors Can Discern Medication-Related Gait Quality Changes In Parkinson's Patients In The Home Environment, Albert Pierce, Niklas König Ignasiak, Wilford K. Eiteman-Pang, Cyril Rakovski, Vincent Berardi

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) experience daytime symptom fluctuations, which result in small amplitude, slow and unstable walking during times when medication attenuates. The ability to identify dysfunctional gait patterns throughout the day from raw mobile phone acceleration and gyroscope signals would allow the development of applications to provide real-time interventions to facilitate walking performance by, for example, providing external rhythmic cues. Patients (n = 20, mean Hoehn and Yahr: 2.25) had their ambulatory data recorded and were directly observed twice during one day: once after medication abstention, (OFF) and once approximately 30 min after intake of their medication ...


Does Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Impact Asymmetry And Dyscoordination Of Gait In Parkinson’S Disease?, Deepak K. Ravi, Christian R. Baumann, Elena Bernasconi, Michelle Gwerder, Niklas K. Ignasiak, Mechtild Uhl, Lennart Stieglitz, William R. Taylor, Navrag B. Singh 2021 ETH Zürich

Does Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Impact Asymmetry And Dyscoordination Of Gait In Parkinson’S Disease?, Deepak K. Ravi, Christian R. Baumann, Elena Bernasconi, Michelle Gwerder, Niklas K. Ignasiak, Mechtild Uhl, Lennart Stieglitz, William R. Taylor, Navrag B. Singh

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Background. Subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an effective treatment for selected Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. Gait characteristics are often altered after surgery, but quantitative therapeutic effects are poorly described. Objective. The goal of this study was to systematically investigate modifications in asymmetry and dyscoordination of gait 6 months postoperatively in patients with PD and compare the outcomes with preoperative baseline and to asymptomatic controls without PD. Methods. A convenience sample of thirty-two patients with PD (19 with postural instability and gait disorder (PIGD) type and 13 with tremor dominant disease) and 51 asymptomatic controls participated. Parkinson patients were ...


Artificial Intelligence Toward Personalized Medicine, Muhammad Wildan Gifari, Pugud Samodro, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan 2021 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Lampung, Indonesia

Artificial Intelligence Toward Personalized Medicine, Muhammad Wildan Gifari, Pugud Samodro, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

In current medical practice when a patient feels symptoms he/she would consult the doctor. The doctor then gives medication in a one-fits-all fashion. However, recent genetics studies had shown that different genetic makeup can results in different effects on medication, so the medication should be customed for every individual. The main idea of “personalized medicine” is to provide the right intervention including medication to the right patient at the right time and dose. With this approach, the medication paradigm would shift from curative to preventive. The rise of personalized medicine had been possible because the information from ever-increasing biomolecular ...


A Qualitative Dosimetric Comparison Of Helical Tomotherapy, Coplanar Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy, And Non-Coplanar Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy For Radiotherapy Of Centrally Located Brain Tumors, Robert Hayward 2021 Grand Valley State University

A Qualitative Dosimetric Comparison Of Helical Tomotherapy, Coplanar Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy, And Non-Coplanar Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy For Radiotherapy Of Centrally Located Brain Tumors, Robert Hayward

Culminating Experience Projects

Abstract Introduction The purpose of the work is to see if there is a dosimetric benefit to using one treatment modality over another when treating centrally located brain tumors. These modalities include helical tomotherapy, non-coplanar VMAT, and coplanar VMAT. Methods Thirty plans were created from ten previously treated patient’s datasets. All patients were planned using a simultaneously integrated boost with a PTV54 and PTV 60. The conformity index and homogeneity index were compared for targets. Dose maximums and means were compared for critical structures between the plans and modalities. Results A significant difference was found for the conformity index ...


Characterization Of The Growth Factor Receptor Network Oncogenes In Lung Cancer, Ashley Duche 2021 Chapman University

Characterization Of The Growth Factor Receptor Network Oncogenes In Lung Cancer, Ashley Duche

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide, reportedly contributing to 1.8 million of the 10.0 million mortalities documented in the year 2020. Although advancements have been made in therapeutics and diagnostic methods, formulation of effective treatments and development of drug resistance continues to be a challenge. These challenges arise from our lack of understanding of intricate signaling pathways, such as the Growth Factor Receptor Network (GFRN), which contributes to complex lung tumor heterogeneity allowing for drug resistance development. In this study, gene expression signatures of six GFRN oncogenes overexpressed in human mammary epithelial cells ...


Prevalencia De Miopía En América: Revisión Sistemática Y Metaanálisis, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez, José Moreno-Montoya, Cristina Álvarez-Peregrina 2021 Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia

Prevalencia De Miopía En América: Revisión Sistemática Y Metaanálisis, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez, José Moreno-Montoya, Cristina Álvarez-Peregrina

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

En los últimos años, la prevalencia de la miopía en el mundo ha aumentado significativamente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar la prevalencia combinada de la miopía en América según las siguientes categorías: edad, raza, género y región. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline, Embase y Lilacs, con el objetivo de buscar estudios transversales con información sobre la prevalencia de miopía. Para encontrar la prevalencia combinada se utilizó el método de doble arco sinusoidal de efectos fijos o aleatorios de Freeman-Tukey. Se analizaron 15 estudios que incluyeron a 45.349 personas ...


Expectativas De Los Pacientes De Un Consultorio Particular Frente A La Atención De Optometría Durante La Pandemia Por Covid-19, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez, Lady Johana Morales-Solano, Paula Pérez-Espinel 2021 Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia

Expectativas De Los Pacientes De Un Consultorio Particular Frente A La Atención De Optometría Durante La Pandemia Por Covid-19, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez, Lady Johana Morales-Solano, Paula Pérez-Espinel

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

La opinión de los pacientes frente a la atención optométrica debe ser relevante para la creación de estrategias de mercado en consultorios y ópticas. El objetivo del presente estudio es conocer las expectativas de los pacientes frente a la atención optométrica durante la pandemia por Covid-19. En cuanto a la metodología, el presente es un estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal, en el cual se diseñó un instrumento conformado por ocho ítems, que buscó indagar la opinión de los pacientes para asistir a una consulta de optometría durante la pandemia por Covid-19. El muestreo fue no probabilístico por conveniencia a ...


Distrofia Foveomacular Viteliforme Del Adulto: Reporte De Caso, Marcelo Carrizosa Murcia, Mónica Lizeth Moreno Robayo 2021 Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia

Distrofia Foveomacular Viteliforme Del Adulto: Reporte De Caso, Marcelo Carrizosa Murcia, Mónica Lizeth Moreno Robayo

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

El propósito de este reporte de caso fue caracterizar la distrofia foveomacular viteliforme del adulto (AOFVD), y establecer los principales diagnósticos diferenciales de este trastorno. La distrofia viteliforme del adulto fue definida por primera vez por Gass en 1974, para describir una entidad clínica de herencia autosómica dominante y su comienzo en la edad adulta. Esta está caracterizada por la presencia bilateral de lesiones redondeadas de color amarillento y localización subfoveal. La imagen angiográfica clásica es una hiperfluorescencia en anillo que rodea una zona central hipofluorescente. Esta presenta características clínicas y electrofisiológicas que permiten establecer el diagnóstico diferencial con otras ...


Análisis En El Tiempo De La Transmisibilidad De La Luz Visible Y Ultravioleta En Dos Materiales De Lentes Fotocromáticos, Augusto Diaz Escobar, Esteban Goñi Boza, Manuel Felipe Masis Soto 2021 Universidad Latina de Costa Rica

Análisis En El Tiempo De La Transmisibilidad De La Luz Visible Y Ultravioleta En Dos Materiales De Lentes Fotocromáticos, Augusto Diaz Escobar, Esteban Goñi Boza, Manuel Felipe Masis Soto

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

La luz ultravioleta comprende longitudes de onda con altos valores de energía que pueden tener repercusiones en la salud humana, lo cual preocupa cada vez más al sector salud. Por ello, las lentes fotosensibles se han transformado en una alternativa para la protección ocular. Sin embargo, la pérdida de transmisibilidad de estas puede representar dificultades en la percepción visual en ambientes donde el flujo luminoso se ve disminuido. Es importante tomar en cuenta la capacidad de transmisibilidad de las coberturas fotocromáticas de las lentes oftálmicas, tomando en cuenta su capacidad tanto en luz visible como ultravioleta. El objetivo del presente ...


Dexmedetomidine Vs Fentanyl In Attenuating The Sympathetic Surge During Endotracheal Intubation: A Scoping Review, Alexandra Schwieger, Kaelee Shrewsbury, Paul Shaver, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Dexmedetomidine Vs Fentanyl In Attenuating The Sympathetic Surge During Endotracheal Intubation: A Scoping Review, Alexandra Schwieger, Kaelee Shrewsbury, Paul Shaver, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Direct laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation after induction of anesthesia can cause a reflex sympathetic surge of catecholamines caused by airway stimulation. This may cause hypertension, tachycardia, and arrhythmias. This reflex can be detrimental in patients with poor cardiac reserve and can be poorly tolerated and lead to adverse events such as myocardial ischemia. Fentanyl, a potent opioid, with a rapid onset and short duration of action is given during induction to block the sympathetic response. With a rise in the opioid crisis and finding ways to change the practice in medicine to use less opioids, dexmedetomidine, an alpha ...


Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting Implications In Neostigmine Versus Sugammadex, Corey Lee Johnson, Colton Bradley James, Sarah Grace Traughber, Charles Anthony Walker, Dwayne Accardo DNP, APRN, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting Implications In Neostigmine Versus Sugammadex, Corey Lee Johnson, Colton Bradley James, Sarah Grace Traughber, Charles Anthony Walker, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Aprn, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent complaint in the postoperative period, which can delay discharge, result in readmission, and increase cost for patients and facilities. Inducing paralysis is common in anesthesia, as is utilizing the drugs neostigmine and sugammadex as reversal agents for non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockers. Many studies are available that compare these two drugs to determine if neostigmine increases the risk of PONV over sugammadex. Sugammadex has a more favorable pharmacologic profile and may improve patient outcomes by reducing PONV.

Methods: This review included screening a total of 39 studies and peer-reviewed articles that looked ...


Opioid Free Anesthesia To Prevent Post Operative Nausea/Vomiting, Aleksander Acred, Milena Devineni, Lindsey Blake, Cindi Dabney DNP, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Opioid Free Anesthesia To Prevent Post Operative Nausea/Vomiting, Aleksander Acred, Milena Devineni, Lindsey Blake, Cindi Dabney Dnp, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose The purpose of this study is to compare the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in opioid-utilizing and opioid-free general anesthesia. Background PONV is an extremely common, potentially dangerous side effect of general anesthesia. PONV is caused by a collection of anesthetic and surgical interventions. Current practice to prevent PONV is to use 1-2 antiemetics during surgery, identify high risk patients and utilize tracheal intubation over laryngeal airways when indicated. Current research suggests minimizing the use of volatile anesthetics and opioids can reduce the incidence of PONV, but this does not reflect current practice.

Methods In this scoping ...


The Embodiment Of Discovery: An Adapted Framework For Qualitative Analysis Of Lived Experiences, Helen B. Hernandez, Laurie P. Dringus 2021 Lakeside Endocrine Associates

The Embodiment Of Discovery: An Adapted Framework For Qualitative Analysis Of Lived Experiences, Helen B. Hernandez, Laurie P. Dringus

The Qualitative Report

We reflect on our process of working with an adapted framework as an effective strategy for analyzing and interpreting the results of our qualitative study on the lived experiences of insulin pump trainers. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was applied as the overarching research methodology and was encapsulated into a framework adapted from Bonello and Meehan (2019) and from Chong (2019). We describe this framework as the “embodiment of discovery” to posit the researcher’s tangible experience of discovering the meaning of data that also brought transparency to the researcher’s process for data analysis and interpretation. We present challenges the ...


Unsupervised Machine Learning For Identifying Challenging Behavior Profiles To Explore Cluster-Based Treatment Efficacy In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Retrospective Data Analysis Study, Julie Gardner-Hoag, Marlena N. Novack, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Elizabeth Stevens, Dennis Dixon, Erik Linstead 2021 Chapman University

Unsupervised Machine Learning For Identifying Challenging Behavior Profiles To Explore Cluster-Based Treatment Efficacy In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Retrospective Data Analysis Study, Julie Gardner-Hoag, Marlena N. Novack, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Elizabeth Stevens, Dennis Dixon, Erik Linstead

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Challenging behaviors are prevalent among individuals with autism spectrum disorder; however, research exploring the impact of challenging behaviors on treatment response is lacking.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify types of autism spectrum disorder based on engagement in different challenging behaviors and evaluate differences in treatment response between groups.

Methods: Retrospective data on challenging behaviors and treatment progress for 854 children with autism spectrum disorder were analyzed. Participants were clustered based on 8 observed challenging behaviors using k means, and multiple linear regression was performed to test interactions between skill mastery and treatment hours, cluster assignment ...


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