The Physiological Responses To Cycling Stress., 2016 Northern Arizona University
The Physiological Responses To Cycling Stress., Moriah Larsen
Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal
Background: As the intensity of exercise increases, the risk of incidences for exertional heat illness (EHI) continues to climb. The National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) has set an official position statement; stating a “gold standard” for obtaining core body temperature is via rectal thermometry. It has been reported that other field-expedient methods of obtaining core body temperature (oral, axillary, tympanic, temporal) are invalid or unreliable sources after intense exercise in hot temperature regions. Purpose: To determine if a relationship exists between rectal temperature measurements and tympanic temperature measurements during intensive long bouts of exercise. Design: Controlled Laboratory Study. Setting: Human ...
A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine
A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, Md, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Osteomyelitis is an increasingly common pathology that often poses a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Accurate and timely diagnosis is critical to preventing complications that can result in the loss of life or limb. In addition to history, physical exam, and laboratory studies, diagnostic imaging plays an essential role in the diagnostic process. This narrative review article discusses various imaging modalities employed to diagnose osteomyelitis: plain films, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, bone scintigraphy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Articles were obtained from Pubmed and screened for relevance to the topic of diagnostic imaging for osteomyelitis. The authors ...
Developing A Data Repository Of Standard Concussion Assessment Clinical Data For Research Involving College Athletes, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Developing A Data Repository Of Standard Concussion Assessment Clinical Data For Research Involving College Athletes, Arthur C. Maerlender, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Julie A. Honaker
Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications
In sports concussion research, obtaining quality data from a sufficient number of participants to reach statistical power has been a particular problem. In addition, the necessary requirements of accessibility, informed consent, and confidentiality must be met. There is need to develop more efficient and controlled methods for collecting data to answer research questions in this realm, but the ability to collect and store these data in an efficient manner at the local level is limited. By virtue of their training, neuropsychologists can play a key role in improving data collection quality. The purpose of this paper is to describe a ...
Real-World Relevance Of Manual Electrocardiography Qt Interval Measurement, 2016 Aurora Health Care
Real-World Relevance Of Manual Electrocardiography Qt Interval Measurement, Satish Velagapudi, Zahra Nur Khaled, Bilal Omery, Firas Zahwe, Michael Anigbogu, Sarah Zukkoor, Indrajit Choudhuri
Background: Electrocardiography (ECG) QT interval (QTI) prolongation independently predicts sudden death. Hospitalized patients are commonly exposed to multiple QT-prolonging drugs, and manual measurement of ECG QTI based on identifying the intersection of isoelectricity with the tangent to the terminal phase T-wave slope (QTTTT) is advocated due to inaccuracies in automated detection algorithms that may imprecisely identify QT duration.
Purpose: We evaluated the performance of QTTTT compared to a standard automated (12SL, GE Healthcare) method (QT-12SL).
Methods: Consecutively obtained ECGs of 250 hospitalized patients were reviewed. The QTI in leads II, aVR, V5 and V6 determined by QT-12SL and QTTTT were ...
Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, 2016 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care
Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan
Background: Congestive heart failure afflicts 5.7 million people in the United States with annual incidence of 600,000 and mortality of 280,000. Heart failure accounts for greater than 1 million hospitalizations annually and the single largest inpatient Medicare expense. As the U.S. population ages and greater emphasis is placed on population health as a means to bend projected health care expenditures, large health care organizations will need to develop algorithms to identify patients at high risk with heart failure and possibly preempt hospitalizations. Doppler echocardiography is routinely performed in clinical assessment of severe heart failure.
Purpose: We ...
1st Place: The Effectiveness Of Yoga Therapy On An Adult, Post-Stroke Population: A Systematic Review (Final Research Paper), Baylor E. Hogan
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
Objectives: The objectives of this paper are to (1) give a brief overview of stroke pathophysiology (2) outline yoga as a therapeutic strategy (3) present the current research on yoga rehabilitation for stroke (4) discuss the efficacy of yoga for chronic stroke.
Methods: Relevant terms were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Academic OneFile, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar electronic databases. Studies were excluded if they contained pediatric stroke, non-stroke neurological diseases, or subjects with comorbidities. Statistically significant data was extracted for the primary measures of nine trials.
Results: Four studies measured statistically significant outcomes (p<0.05). These included improvements in balance, independence, endurance, trait anxiety, fear of falling, self-efficacy, pain, strength, range of motion (ROM), activity, participation, and quality of life (QoL). Discussion: Lack of statistical significance in post-stroke depression (PSD) measures may be due to inadequate intervention length or a psychosocial cause of depression. Improvements in balance, flexibility, and strength from yoga participation permitted progress in disability and functionality. Finally, overall health-related quality of life (HRQL) is affected by the severity of mental disorders and physical disability. Yoga can have a positive effect in both domains and therefore, may improve HRQL.
Conclusion: Preliminary evidence suggests the ...0.05).>
Reliability Of Clinical Evaluators Of Spasticity In Patients With Stroke, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Reliability Of Clinical Evaluators Of Spasticity In Patients With Stroke, Tiffany Alvino, Shiney David, Chelsea Gendvil
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Spasticity is characterized by hyperexcitable stretch reflexes with amplitude increases in response to velocity dependent passive movement and resistance. Spasticity is the result of abnormal function of segmental and suprasegmental neuronal circuits. The objective of this study was to determine any positive correlation between three clinical evaluators of spasticity (i.e., the pendulum test, the patellar tendon tap test (PTT), and the Modified Ashworth scale) in their reliability to assess spasticity in people post-stroke. It was hypothesized that the use of force movement sensors along with surface electromyography increases the reliability of the standardized clinical tests. The results show that ...
Estimating The Impact Of Lost To Follow-Up On Breast Cancer Patients' Five-Year Disease-Free Survival, 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Estimating The Impact Of Lost To Follow-Up On Breast Cancer Patients' Five-Year Disease-Free Survival, Megan Whitworth
Background Nationally, the 5-year survival rate for patients with breast cancer is relatively higher than patients diagnosed with other types of cancer. In addition to the higher survival rates, breast cancer patients also tend to have increased rates of lost to follow-up as compared to other cancers. When a patient becomes lost, the occurrence of distant metastasis cannot be reliably ascertained, unless the patient had a breast cancer-specific death. As a consequence of the missing information from lost patients, results from statistical analyses that contain lost patients may not adequately reflect the actual recurrence and disease-free survival rates. The ...
Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, 2016 Chapman University
Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...
The Utility Of Remote Hemodynamic Monitoring Devices In Patients With A Ventricular Assist Device, 2016 University of Kentucky
The Utility Of Remote Hemodynamic Monitoring Devices In Patients With A Ventricular Assist Device, Bennet George, Amanda Hart, Sarah Branam, Maya Guglin
The VAD Journal
Remote intracardiac hemodynamic monitoring is a growing area of interest to help aid in the management of patients with chronic congestive heart failure. The utility of remote hemodynamic monitoring has not previously been investigated with a ventricular assist device population. We present two cases of patients with ventricular assist devices in which we employed remote hemodynamic monitoring data to aid in patient management.
"What's App?" Utilizing Evidence Based Medicine Apps In The Clinical Setting, 2016 Butler University
"What's App?" Utilizing Evidence Based Medicine Apps In The Clinical Setting, Kathryn C. O'Donovan
The medical community has utilized evidence-based medicine, or EBM, in practice for decades, and healthcare personnel are used to the idea of utilizing research and statistics to determine the treatment of patients. However, as technology advances, the use of electronics and EBM apps has increased in the clinical setting. While there are advantages to clinicians having resources at their fingertips as they talk with patients, there are also hurdles that could harm or offend patients. So as healthcare inevitably becomes more and more electronic, can providers strike the balance needed to effectively use EBM apps in practice to provide optimum ...
Tau And Aβ Imaging, Csf Measures, And Cognition In Alzheimer's Disease, 2016 Washington University in St Louis
Tau And Aβ Imaging, Csf Measures, And Cognition In Alzheimer's Disease, Matthew R. Brier, Brian Gordon, Karl Friedrichsen, John E. Mccarthy, Ari Stern, Jon Christensen, Christopher Owen, Patricia Aldea, Yi Su, Jason Hassenstab, Nigel J. Cairns, David M. Holtzman, Anne M. Fagan, John C. Morris, Tammie L.S. Benzinger, Beau M. Ances
Mathematics Faculty Publications
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by two molecular pathologies: cerebral β-amyloidosis in the form of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques and tauopathy in the form of neurofibrillary tangles, neuritic plaques, and neuropil threads. Until recently, only Aβ could be studied in humans using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging owing to a lack of tau PET imaging agents. Clinical pathological studies have linked tau pathology closely to the onset and progression of cognitive symptoms in patients with AD. We report PET imaging of tau and Aβ in a cohort of cognitively normal older adults and those with mild AD. Multivariate analyses identified ...
To What Extent Did Blood Transfusion Systems And Technologies Modernize During World War Ii?, 2016 Sunset High School
To What Extent Did Blood Transfusion Systems And Technologies Modernize During World War Ii?, Hannah J. Leblanc
Young Historians Conference
This investigation will explore changes in blood transfusion during World War II (1939-1945). Medical technology and collection systems for whole blood and blood plasma in particular will be examined. The focus of this investigation will be the United States, but Great Britain will also be mentioned due to its close blood transfusion-related interactions with the United States during this period. Additionally, blood transfusion prior to World War II and in modern times will also be considered in this investigation to provide context and to allow assessment of modernization during the war. However, artificial blood substitutes will not be considered, nor ...
1st Place: The Effectiveness Of Yoga Therapy On An Adult, Post-Stroke Population: A Systematic Review (Contest Entry), Baylor E. Hogan
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
This is Baylor Hogan's submission for the 2016 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won first place. She wrote about the effects of yoga therapy on the physical and mental wellbeing of stroke patients. You can read the final essay that came out of her research here.
Baylor is a senior at Chapman University, majoring in Kinesiology. Her faculty mentor is Dr. Elizabeth DeBaets.
The Utilization Of Exogenous Surfactant In The Neonate, 2016 Liberty University
The Utilization Of Exogenous Surfactant In The Neonate, Katherine Thorkildsen
Senior Honors Theses
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a common consequence of pulmonary immaturity in the lungs of neonates. RDS is the result of the deficient secretion of endogenous surfactant, causing increased surface tension in the alveolar sacs leading to respiratory compromise. RDS is more common in the preterm neonate but can be experienced by neonates at any gestational age. Treatment for RDS formerly consisted of mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy to treat and relieve symptoms but not the cause. A new treatment method, developed largely in the 1980s and 90s is the use of exogenous surfactant to treat the deficiency exhibited in ...
Is Ca-125 The Leading Biomarker In Determining Early-Onset Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis In 2016?, 2016 University of Rhode Island
Is Ca-125 The Leading Biomarker In Determining Early-Onset Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis In 2016?, Alexa Clark
Senior Honors Projects
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy with very ineffective efforts at early detection and therapeutic methodologies to reduce mortality. The origin and pathogenicity of ovarian cancer is vastly unclear, which is why diagnosing the disease early on is difficult. CA-125 is a used as therapeutic tumor marker for ovarian cancer, but it is not diagnostic or specific. The role of CA-125 in the early detection of ovarian cancer is extremely controversial and has not been widely accepted for screening in women who do not show any symptoms. In order to enhance the sensitivity for early disease detection ...
Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Drainage Of Peri-Rectal Collections: A Salvage Approach, 2016 Trinitas Regional Medical Center
Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Drainage Of Peri-Rectal Collections: A Salvage Approach, Yana Cavanagh, Kevin Hosein, Nihar Shah, Edward Milman, Sohail N. Shaikh
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Abdominal and pelvic abscesses can occur as a consequence of surgery and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is well accepted that the primary treatment is antibiotic therapy and minimally invasive drainage. Surgical measures are typically reserved for patients with luminal perforations or those who do not respond to conservative measures. Previously available modalities of drainage involved percutaneous and computed tomography guided access. Recently, endoscopic ultrasound guided aspiration has emerged as a safe alternative for management of intra-abdominal abscesses.
Since its first application for peripancreatic drainage, endoscopic ultrasound techniques and technologies have significantly evolved. Endoscopic ultrasound interventions can ...
From Thesis To Haiti, 2016 Liberty University
From Thesis To Haiti, Peter Horning
2014 Honors graduate Peter Horning, who wrote his thesis on prosthetics, is now in Haiti on an internship at a prosthetics clinic.
Association Of Running Biomechanics And Injury In Middle School Cross Country Runners, 2016 University of Akron
Association Of Running Biomechanics And Injury In Middle School Cross Country Runners, Rachel Salberg
Honors Research Projects
INTRODUCTION: While associations between running biomechanics and injury incidence have been fairly well investigated in the adult population, few studies have targeted the adolescent population. Since the adolescent developmental stage places certain vulnerabilities on athletes, adolescents typically sustain injuries that differ from those of adults (DiFiori J.P., et al, 2014). Due to these vulnerabilities, it would be relevant to investigate the biomechanics-injury relationship specifically in this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations that exist between running gait characteristics and incidence of injury for middle school cross country runners METHODS: The running gait of ...
The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, 2016 University of Akron Main Campus
The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, Lauren M. Hurley, Alexandra Smola
Honors Research Projects
The prevalence of developmental disabilities in children in the United States is a serious problem. Since children with developmental disabilities often show decreased self-efficacy and balance, researchers have studied the effects of interventions in this population. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a 10-week THR session on balance and task-specific self-efficacy in children with physical disabilities ages 6 to 18 years old. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and The Physical Stress Theory will guide the quasi-experimental study. A pre-test post-test design will be implemented over a 12 week span at 3 different riding centers in ...