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Estimating The Analytical Performance Of Raman Spectroscopy For Quantification Of Active Ingredients In Human Stratum Corneum, Hichem Kichou, Emilie Munnier, Yuri Dancik, Kamilia Kemel, Hugh Byrne, Ali Tfayli, Dominique Bertrand, Martin Soucé, Igor Chourpa, Franck Bonnier 2022 Universite de Tours

Estimating The Analytical Performance Of Raman Spectroscopy For Quantification Of Active Ingredients In Human Stratum Corneum, Hichem Kichou, Emilie Munnier, Yuri Dancik, Kamilia Kemel, Hugh Byrne, Ali Tfayli, Dominique Bertrand, Martin Soucé, Igor Chourpa, Franck Bonnier

Articles

Confocal Raman microscopy (CRM) has become a versatile technique that can be applied routinely to monitor skin penetration of active molecules. In the present study, CRM coupled to multivariate analysis (namely PLSR—partial least squares regression) is used for the quantitative measurement of an active ingredient (AI) applied to isolated (ex vivo) human stratum corneum (SC), using systematically varied doses of resorcinol, as model compound, and the performance is quantified according to key figures of merit defined by regulatory bodies (ICH, FDA, and EMA). A methodology is thus demonstrated to establish the limit of detection (LOD), precision, accuracy, sensitivity (SEN ...


Electrocardiogram-Based Machine Learning Emulator Model For Predicting Novel Echocardiography-Derived Phenogroups For Cardiac Risk-Stratification: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study, Heenaben B. Patel, Naveena Yanamala, Brijesh Patel, Sameer Raina, Peter D. Farjo, Srinidhi Sunkara, Márton Tokodi, Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Grace Casaclang-Verzosa, Partho P. Sengupta 2022 West Virginia University Heart and Vascular Institute

Electrocardiogram-Based Machine Learning Emulator Model For Predicting Novel Echocardiography-Derived Phenogroups For Cardiac Risk-Stratification: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study, Heenaben B. Patel, Naveena Yanamala, Brijesh Patel, Sameer Raina, Peter D. Farjo, Srinidhi Sunkara, Márton Tokodi, Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Grace Casaclang-Verzosa, Partho P. Sengupta

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Electrocardiography (ECG)-derived machine learning models can predict echocardiography (echo)-derived indices of systolic or diastolic function. However, systolic and diastolic dysfunction frequently coexists, which necessitates an integrated assessment for optimal risk-stratification. We explored an ECG-derived model that emulates an echo-derived model that combines multiple parameters for identifying patient phenogroups at risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACE).

Methods: In this substudy of a prospective, multicenter study, patients from 3 institutions (n = 727) formed an internal cohort, and the fourth institution was reserved as an external test set (n = 518). A previously validated patient similarity analysis model was used ...


Effects Of Environmental Conditions, Core Temperature, And Hydration Status On Women’S Soccer Performance, Abigail G. Poague 2022 University of Lynchburg

Effects Of Environmental Conditions, Core Temperature, And Hydration Status On Women’S Soccer Performance, Abigail G. Poague

Student Scholar Showcase

This study aimed to discover the effects of hydration status, core temperature, sleep data, perceived exertion, and environmental conditions affected the GPS-tracked performance of women's division III soccer players. The results of this study support the association between internal load, hydration status, and environmental conditions with external load.


Comparative Kinematic Gait Analysis In Adults With Multiple Disabilities, Lauren Rumbalski 2022 Otterbein University

Comparative Kinematic Gait Analysis In Adults With Multiple Disabilities, Lauren Rumbalski

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Projects

The purpose of this research is to identify abnormal gait parameters or patterns amongst young adults with multiple disabilities enrolled in a work transition program sponsored by a public-school system. Gait disorders are commonly seen in individuals with neurologic disorders, with significant research in children with autism. Gait disorders have been linked with fall and injury risk, with significant research in elderly populations. Gait analysis technology can be used to identify gait characteristics in populations that are abnormal or contribute to gait disorders. In an observational design, students from the transitional program promoted by Westerville City Schools, housed on Otterbein ...


Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Ssadhd): Qualitative Needs Assessment For Patients With A Rare Neurological Disorder, Cassandra Bovee, Kayla Woodring 2022 Noorda College of Osteopathic Medicine

Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Ssadhd): Qualitative Needs Assessment For Patients With A Rare Neurological Disorder, Cassandra Bovee, Kayla Woodring

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


A High Precision Machine Learning-Enabled System For Predicting Idiopathic Ventricular Arrhythmia Origins, Jianwei Zheng, Guohua Fu, Daniele Struppa, Islam Abudayyeh, Tahmeed Contractor, Kyle Anderson, Huimin Chu, Cyril Rakovski 2022 Chapman University

A High Precision Machine Learning-Enabled System For Predicting Idiopathic Ventricular Arrhythmia Origins, Jianwei Zheng, Guohua Fu, Daniele Struppa, Islam Abudayyeh, Tahmeed Contractor, Kyle Anderson, Huimin Chu, Cyril Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (CA) is an efficient antiarrhythmic treatment with a class I indication for idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia (IVA), only when drugs are ineffective or have unacceptable side effects. The accurate prediction of the origins of IVA can significantly increase the operation success rate, reduce operation duration and decrease the risk of complications. The present work proposes an artificial intelligence-enabled ECG analysis algorithm to estimate possible origins of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia at a clinical-grade level accuracy.

Method: A total of 18,612 ECG recordings extracted from 545 patients who underwent successful CA to treat IVA were proportionally sampled into ...


Applications Of Unsupervised Machine Learning In Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Elizabeth Stevens, Dennis R. Dixon, Erik J. Linstead 2022 Chapman University

Applications Of Unsupervised Machine Learning In Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Elizabeth Stevens, Dennis R. Dixon, Erik J. Linstead

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Large amounts of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) data is created through hospitals, therapy centers, and mobile applications; however, much of this rich data does not have pre-existing classes or labels. Large amounts of data—both genetic and behavioral—that are collected as part of scientific studies or a part of treatment can provide a deeper, more nuanced insight into both diagnosis and treatment of ASD. This paper reviews 43 papers using unsupervised machine learning in ASD, including k-means clustering, hierarchical clustering, model-based clustering, and self-organizing maps. The aim of this review is to provide a survey of the current ...


A Physical Therapy Mobility Checkup For Older Adults: Feasibility And Participant Preferences From A Discrete Choice Experiment, Dalerie Lieberz, Hannah Borgeson, Steven Dobson, Lindsey Ewings, Karen Johnson, Kori Klaysmat, Abby Schultz, Rachel Tasson, Alexandra L. Borstad 2022 The College of St. Scholastica

A Physical Therapy Mobility Checkup For Older Adults: Feasibility And Participant Preferences From A Discrete Choice Experiment, Dalerie Lieberz, Hannah Borgeson, Steven Dobson, Lindsey Ewings, Karen Johnson, Kori Klaysmat, Abby Schultz, Rachel Tasson, Alexandra L. Borstad

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Physical performance measures, like walking speed, identify and predict preclinical mobility disability but are rarely used in routine medical care. A preventive model of care called Mobility Checkup is being designed to reduce mobility disability in older adults. This study had two purposes: 1) determine feasibility and outcomes of the Mobility Checkup, and 2) identify preferences of older adults regarding this model of care using a discrete choice experiment.

Methods: Adults over 55 years of age were recruited from the community. In the study’s first phase, participants completed a Mobility Checkup, with feasibility evaluated using 6 criteria. In ...


Progression Through Return-To-Sport And Return-To-Academics Guidelines For Concussion Management And Recovery In Collegiate Student Athletes: Findings From The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology Of Concussion Study, Douglas J. Wiebe, Abigail C. Bretzin, Bernadette A. D'Alonzo, Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study Investigators, Arthur C. Maerlender 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Progression Through Return-To-Sport And Return-To-Academics Guidelines For Concussion Management And Recovery In Collegiate Student Athletes: Findings From The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology Of Concussion Study, Douglas J. Wiebe, Abigail C. Bretzin, Bernadette A. D'Alonzo, Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology Of Concussion Study Investigators, Arthur C. Maerlender

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Objective To examine the progression of collegiate student athletes through five stages of a return-to- activity protocol following sport-related concussion (SRC).

Methods In a multisite prospective cohort study, we identified the frequency of initial 24–48 hours physical and cognitive rest, and the sequence of (1) symptom resolution and return to (2) exertion activity, (3) limited sport, (4) full sport and (5) full academics. In resulting profiles we estimated the likelihood of return to full sport ≤14 days or prolonged >28 days and tested for variability based on timing of the stages.

Results Among 1715 athletes with SRC (31.6 ...


Head Impact Exposure In Youth And Collegiate American Football, Grace B. Choi, Eric P. Smith, Stefan M. Duma, Steven Rowson, Eamon Campolettano, Mireille E. Kelley, Derek A. Jones, Joel D. Stitzel, Jillian E. Urban, Amaris Genemaras, Jonathan G. Beckwith, Richard M. Greenwald, Arthur C. Maerlender, Joseph J. Crisco 2022 Brown University

Head Impact Exposure In Youth And Collegiate American Football, Grace B. Choi, Eric P. Smith, Stefan M. Duma, Steven Rowson, Eamon Campolettano, Mireille E. Kelley, Derek A. Jones, Joel D. Stitzel, Jillian E. Urban, Amaris Genemaras, Jonathan G. Beckwith, Richard M. Greenwald, Arthur C. Maerlender, Joseph J. Crisco

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

The relationship between head impact and subsequent brain injury for American football players is not well defined, especially for youth. The objective of this study is to quantify and assess Head Impact Exposure (HIE) metrics among youth and collegiate football players. This multiseason study enrolled 639 unique athletes (354 collegiate; 285 youth, ages 9–14), recording 476,209 head impacts (367,337 collegiate; 108,872 youth) over 971 sessions (480 collegiate; 491 youth). Youth players experienced 43 and 65% fewer impacts per competition and practice, respectively, and lower impact magnitudes compared to collegiate players (95th percentile peak linear acceleration (PLA ...


The Benefits Of Therapeutic Ultrasound For Improving Recovery Of Collegiate Soccer Players In Between Friday And Sunday Matches, Adam Armijo 2022 Regis University

The Benefits Of Therapeutic Ultrasound For Improving Recovery Of Collegiate Soccer Players In Between Friday And Sunday Matches, Adam Armijo

Regis University Student Publications

Collegiate soccer athletes face physical and physiological stressors during match play that can lead to ailments such as inflammation, muscle soreness, decreased range of motion, and skeletal muscle damage. Through the use of evidence-based studies coaches, trainers, and collegiate soccer athletes can determine best practices for optimized recovery in a collegiate soccer setting. One of the lacking supplemental recovery modalities in collegiate soccer is therapeutic ultrasound. Therapeutic ultrasound is a machine that utilizes vibration and thermal effects to help decrease skeletal muscular damage, reduce soreness of skeletal muscles, improve blood flow, and increase relaxation of the muscles. Therapeutic ultrasound in ...


Altitude Illness, Kali Hepner 2022 Arcadia University

Altitude Illness, Kali Hepner

Capstone Showcase

With an increasing number of individuals traveling to high altitudes, it is important to address the risk these individuals face of developing altitude related illnesses. An example of high altitude related illness might be the elevation transition of travelers flying into Denver, Colorado (1,673 m) with the intention to then drive up to Rocky Mountain National Park’s Alpine Visitor Center (3,595 m) in the same day. This poses increased risk of unacclimatized visitors experiencing altitude illness in remote areas of the national park. This poster summarizes the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of altitude illnesses so that clinicians ...


Quantitative Imaging Of Net Axonal Transport In Vivo: A Biomarker For Motor Neuron Health And Disease, Pin-Tsun Justin Lee 2021 UMass Chan Medical School

Quantitative Imaging Of Net Axonal Transport In Vivo: A Biomarker For Motor Neuron Health And Disease, Pin-Tsun Justin Lee

Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal, progressive neurodegenerative disorder that selectively affects both upper and lower motor neurons, leading to muscle weakness, paralysis and death. Despite recent advances in the identification of genes associated with ALS, the quest for a sensitive biomarker for rapid and accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment response monitoring has not been fulfilled. In this thesis, I report a method of quantifying the integrity of motor neurons in vivo using imaging to record uptake and retrograde transport of intramuscularly injected tetanus toxin fragment C (TTC) into spinal motor neurons. This method tracks and profiles progression of ...


Pulsed Chronopotentiometry With Polymer-Based Potassium-Selective Electrodes, Roland A. Long, Kebede L. Gemene Dr. 2021 Northern Kentucky University

Pulsed Chronopotentiometry With Polymer-Based Potassium-Selective Electrodes, Roland A. Long, Kebede L. Gemene Dr.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

This research aimed to develop ion-selective electrodes selective to potassium for use in measuring potassium concentration in blood. Potassium is an important electrolyte within the body, orchestrating nerve excitation, muscular function, and heart rate. Excessive or insufficient potassium levels can cause breakdowns in these systems difficult to differentiate from other potential causes. Isolating potassium concentration as the sole cause necessitates selective measurement. Pulsed Chronopotentiometry with polymer-based membrane electrodes offered a versatile route of interrogation: membrane composition and magnitude of applied current can be altered to assess selectivity in a fast and controlled manner. All potential measurements recorded corresponded to known ...


Preventing Bleeding Complications Of Paracentesis Using Point-Of-Care Ultrasound: An N-Of-1 Case Study, Adam Karevoll, Willie Talbert, Christopher J. Smith 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Preventing Bleeding Complications Of Paracentesis Using Point-Of-Care Ultrasound: An N-Of-1 Case Study, Adam Karevoll, Willie Talbert, Christopher J. Smith

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Abdominal paracentesis is a common bedside procedure, and the advent of point-of-care ultrasound has provided an opportunity to reduce the associated risks. Multiple society guidelines now recommend both site and vascular marking to avoid potential complications. This case illustrates the importance of vascular marking specifically to avoid damage to adjacent blood vessels.


Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington 2021 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Aims and Objectives. This literature review's objective was to synthesize evidence from previously published literature on telemedicine interventions' effectiveness on CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) therapy compliance.

Background. It is estimated that 22 million Americans suffer from a form of Sleep Apnea (SA), and those up to 80 percent of the cases of moderate to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are undiagnosed (Sleep Apnea, n,d). The first-line therapy for OSA is CPAP. However, CPAP therapy is associated with low compliance rates.

Design. Systematic review.

Method. A multi-database literature search was conducted to identify published literature between 2009 and ...


Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano 2021 University of San Diego

Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Hypertension is a public health issue estimated to affect 112 million adults by 2030. Primary care patients in an outpatient clinic in Southern California with elevated blood pressure readings in the office did not have an organized system for close follow-up. The purpose of this evidence-based project (EBP) was to educate patients on self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), diet interventions, and healthy weight loss to improve hypertension rates. Through these interventions, patients developed an understanding of their systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals. Nurse practitioners, medical assistants, and licensed vocational nurses screened for high ...


Barriers To Preoperative Warming: Best Practice Guideline, Tyler Comans, Zachary Hays, Caleb Leach 2021 University of Southern Mississippi

Barriers To Preoperative Warming: Best Practice Guideline, Tyler Comans, Zachary Hays, Caleb Leach

Doctoral Projects

The lack of preoperative warming has a direct relationship to perioperative hypothermia complications which include, but are not limited to: increased infection rate, coagulopathies, and increased myocardial oxygen consumption; all contributing to poor patient and facility outcomes. Implementation of an evidence-based educational module with visual aid can potentially increase the utilization of active warming techniques in the preoperative setting by perioperative staff. The DNP Project investigated barriers to preoperative warming by perioperative staff at a large teaching hospital in the southeastern United States. Barriers were assessed by a voluntary survey sent to 87 perioperative staff members. Twenty-two surveys were completed ...


Prevalence, Impact And Management Practice Of Dysmenorrhea Among Female Students Of Hadhramout University, Asrar Saleh Sayad, Amer Salmen Balafair 2021 Hadhramout University

Prevalence, Impact And Management Practice Of Dysmenorrhea Among Female Students Of Hadhramout University, Asrar Saleh Sayad, Amer Salmen Balafair

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

Dysmenorrhea (pain during menstruation) is one of the most common gynecological complaints among women of childbearing age that affects daily activities and quality of life. This study aims to assess the prevalence, impact and management practice of dysmenorrhea among female students of Hadhramout University in the period between 1 st October 2017-31th March 2018. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 295 Yemeni female students at Hadhramout University. Data were collected by interview using a structured pre-tested questionnaire. The results showed that the mean age of participants was 21.8 ± 1.73 years. The majority (88.1%) of them were single ...


An Analysis Of Survival And Mortality Among Patients Admitted To Surgical Icu In Ibin Sina Hospital In Mukalla City, Yemen, Abdulla Saleh Alyamani, Salah Ahmed Binzaiad, Khalid Ahmed BaEassa 2021 College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hadhramout University

An Analysis Of Survival And Mortality Among Patients Admitted To Surgical Icu In Ibin Sina Hospital In Mukalla City, Yemen, Abdulla Saleh Alyamani, Salah Ahmed Binzaiad, Khalid Ahmed Baeassa

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

The intensive Care Unit (ICU) is an important unit that takes care of patients with severely life-threatening illnesses and injuries in order to maintain normal body functions. This study aims to estimate survival and mortality among patients admitted to Surgical ICU (SICU ) in Ibin Sina hospital in Mukalla city. A total of 320 patients records from surgical ICU were reviewed during the last six months in 2018 to estimate the survival and mortality rate using Kaplan Meier to evaluate Hazard Rate (HR) using Cox regression. The mortality rate was found 20%. Out of all dead patients 52 (81.2%) were ...


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