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Comparison Of 3 Treatments For Fractures Of The Humeral Shaft, Neil Werthmann, Mason Poffenbarger, John Riehl 2024 HCA Healthcare

Comparison Of 3 Treatments For Fractures Of The Humeral Shaft, Neil Werthmann, Mason Poffenbarger, John Riehl

North Texas Research Forum 2024

INTRODUCTION: Over the past 40 years, surgical treatment for humeral shaft fractures has become more common. The purpose of the study was to evaluate complication rates seen with different treatments for humeral shaft fractures. Nerve injury (NI), infection, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and nonunion (NU) were the specific complications investigated. METHODS: A retrospective database review was performed looking at all patients with humeral shaft fractures. Data was analyzed for complication rates for non-surgical (NS) treatment, open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), and intramedullary nailing (IMN). Inclusion criteria were: 1) patients ages of 18 to 89 and 2) those with humeral shaft …


Multidisciplinary Management For Large And Difficult Choledocholithiasis: The Role Of Choledochotomy, Jilpa Shah, Balu Chandra 2024 HCA Healthcare

Multidisciplinary Management For Large And Difficult Choledocholithiasis: The Role Of Choledochotomy, Jilpa Shah, Balu Chandra

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Extracranial carotid artery aneurysm is a rare sequela of atherosclerosis, trauma, and conditions of chronic inflammation. Standard treatments include antiplatelet medications, open resection, or endovascular stenting. Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) has become a well-recognized alternative treatment in the past few decades. This case study documents the first reported case of Horner’s syndrome post-TCAR for an internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm. A 68 year-old male with intermittent double vision was referred to vascular surgery clinic with brain CT angiography showing a 9mm saccular aneurysm with dissection flap of the right cervical ICA. Prior attempts by neuro-interventional radiology were unsuccessful due to …


Development And Validation Of A Novel Skin Pigment Scale, Christina Guo, Henry Lim, Christopher Wong, Christian Scheufele, Michael Carletti, Michele L. McCarroll, Stephen Weis 2024 HCA Healthcare

Development And Validation Of A Novel Skin Pigment Scale, Christina Guo, Henry Lim, Christopher Wong, Christian Scheufele, Michael Carletti, Michele L. Mccarroll, Stephen Weis

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Background: Precise description of the skin is a pillar of dermatology. For dermatologists, skin pigment is akin to a ‘vital sign’ in that it represents a basic, yet illuminating, piece of information for each patient. The current method used to describe skin color is the Fitzpatrick scale. The Fitzpatrick scale was designed to measure skin burning and the scale is inadequate for precise measurement of skin color in a diverse population. The prevalence of its use perpetuates harmful and outdated structures and contributes to health disparity. For those reasons, there is a critical need for initiatives that evaluate the current …


Association Of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist Treatment With Perioperative And Postoperative Complications In Patients Undergoing Elective Bariatric Surgery, Justin Sanchez, Enith Espinosa, Sean Sojdie, Michael Green, Lauren Wonderly 2024 HCA Healthcare

Association Of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist Treatment With Perioperative And Postoperative Complications In Patients Undergoing Elective Bariatric Surgery, Justin Sanchez, Enith Espinosa, Sean Sojdie, Michael Green, Lauren Wonderly

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Glucagon-like peptide receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) are FDA-approved medications for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity, and are also beneficial in cardiovascular risk reduction. However, due to known GLP-1 RA adverse effects, notably delayed gastric emptying, the ASA has implemented GLP-1RA guidelines aiming to minimize potential complications related to GLP-1 RA use in patients undergoing procedures requiring general anesthesia. With the ever-increasing number of patients being prescribed GLP-1 RAs, more research needs to be conducted to investigate their potential impact in other areas of healthcare. This retrospective study aims to compare surgical outcomes before and following the …


Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return: To Fix Or Not To Fix?, Akshaj Pole, Jennifer Austin, Amnah Andrabi 2024 HCA Healthcare

Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return: To Fix Or Not To Fix?, Akshaj Pole, Jennifer Austin, Amnah Andrabi

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Patient is a 56-year-old male with a past medical history of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, prior MVA with chest trauma, and coronary artery disease with 2 prior stents in the obtuse marginal and right coronary artery who was brought to the ED for severe chest pain. Patient was immediately taken to the cath lab for cardiac intervention. Patient was identified to have 90-95% stenosis of his left circumflex but was unable to be stented due to tortuosity of the vessel and tight lesion. Due to patient’s multivessel coronary artery disease and newly diagnosed diabetes, patient was referred to cardiothoracic surgery …


Retrospective Review Of Adverse Events After Treatment Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer With Image-Guided Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Jason Pham, Alyssa Forsyth, Wenqin Du 2024 HCA Healthcare

Retrospective Review Of Adverse Events After Treatment Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer With Image-Guided Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Jason Pham, Alyssa Forsyth, Wenqin Du

North Texas Research Forum 2024

No abstract provided.


Colovaginal Fistula In A Patient Without A Hysterectomy, Austin Moore, Mollie Ahn, Anthony Macaluso 2024 HCA Healthcare

Colovaginal Fistula In A Patient Without A Hysterectomy, Austin Moore, Mollie Ahn, Anthony Macaluso

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Introduction: A majority of case reports and review studies exploring the incidence of colovaginal fistulas typically involve patients of older age with a history of both a hysterectomy and at least one episode of symptomatic diverticular disease. Colovaginal fistulas rarely occur in patients who have not had a prior hysterectomy. Case Description: A 52 year old female presented to colorectal surgery clinic with a history of multiple episodes of sigmoid diverticulitis who now had passage of air and stool from her vagina. She was confirmed to have evidence of a colovaginal fistula from her sigmoid colon to her …


Comparing Large Language Models Accuracy In Following Interval Surveillance Colonoscopy Guidelines, Olufemi Osikoya, Gregory Brennan 2024 HCA Healthcare

Comparing Large Language Models Accuracy In Following Interval Surveillance Colonoscopy Guidelines, Olufemi Osikoya, Gregory Brennan

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Introduction: Providing pathology results and appropriate recommendations after resection of colon polyps is mandatory. Large language models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT and Google Bard, have shown promise in clinical workflows such as pathology results letters. We tested whether LLMs could provide appropriate surveillance recommendations based on current guidelines from the US multi-society task force for post-colonoscopy follow-up. Methods: Our aim was to compare the accuracy of ChatGPT 3.5, ChatGPT 4, and Google Bard in providing appropriate interval surveillance recommendations. An example prompt being “Write a patient pathology result letter after a colonoscopy with one tubular adenoma polyp (< 10mm) resected. Include recommendations for when the next surveillance colonoscopy should be completed.” Seventeen different post polypectomy surveillance queries and responses were analyzed (correct, partially correct, incorrect) compared to USMSTF guidelines. Results: When …


Geometric Favre-Racouchot Syndrome Following Image-Guided Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Cecilia Nguyen, Christian Scheufele, Christopher M. Wong, Stephen E. Weis 2024 HCA Healthcare

Geometric Favre-Racouchot Syndrome Following Image-Guided Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Cecilia Nguyen, Christian Scheufele, Christopher M. Wong, Stephen E. Weis

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Introduction: Favre-Racouchot Syndrome is a cutaneous disease characterized by nodules, cysts, and comedones located in sun-exposed areas of the face. It is most commonly found on the bilateral temporal and periorbital skin. Favre-Racouchot Syndrome is most associated with chronic sun exposure. It occurs more commonly in cigarette smokers. It has been rarely associated with radiation therapy. It has not been reported after image-guided superficial radiation therapy or in a geometric pattern. Case presentation: We present the first two recorded cases of Favre-Racouchot Syndrome occurring in the setting of image-guided superficial radiation therapy. Both patients presented with well-demarcated geometric plaques with …


Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis Discovered Through Skin Biopsy In A Pregnant Patient From Mexico, Henry Lim, Christina Guo, Marshall Hall, Christian Scheufele, Christopher M. Wong 2024 HCA Healthcare

Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis Discovered Through Skin Biopsy In A Pregnant Patient From Mexico, Henry Lim, Christina Guo, Marshall Hall, Christian Scheufele, Christopher M. Wong

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Introduction: Coccidioidomycosis is an infection caused by the organism Coccidioides immitis, a fungus endemic to the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central and South America. The presentation of coccidioidomycosis can range from symptoms resembling a simple upper respiratory infection, such as cough, to more severe systemic symptoms including fever, malaise, and chills. Cutaneous lesions of coccidioidomycosis demonstrate a large heterogeneity of clinical manifestations but are significant as they may be the presenting sign of disseminated disease. While usually confined to the lungs, extrapulmonary coccidioidomycosis can occur in about 1 in 200 patients, most commonly associated with immunocompromised status. Pregnancy is an …


Improving Lesion Diameter Reporting On Skin Biopsy Requisition Forms: A Quality Improvement Project, Christopher Wong, Christian Scheufele, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Daniel A. Nguyen 2024 HCA Healthcare

Improving Lesion Diameter Reporting On Skin Biopsy Requisition Forms: A Quality Improvement Project, Christopher Wong, Christian Scheufele, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Daniel A. Nguyen

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Background: Skin biopsy requisition forms (SBRFs) are the primary communication tool between dermatologists and dermatopathologists. Diameters of biopsied skin lesions are frequently omitted on SBRFs. This quality improvement project aimed to increase the rate of reporting diameters of neoplasms on SBRFs from an academic dermatology outpatient clinic to greater than 65% within three years. Methods: The Plan-Do-Study-Act model was utilized. An initial audit was performed for SBRFs of biopsies obtained between July 1, 2021, and February 4, 2022 (“Cycle 1”). On February 4, 2022, the authors discussed societal guidelines for lesion diameter reporting on SBRFs (“Intervention A”). Cycle 2 prospectively …


Polypharmacy And Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing In Geriatric Population, Maryam Burney, Barry Brown, Victoria Nguyen, Garrett Furth, Ambreen I. Ahmed 2024 HCA Healthcare

Polypharmacy And Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing In Geriatric Population, Maryam Burney, Barry Brown, Victoria Nguyen, Garrett Furth, Ambreen I. Ahmed

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Polypharmacy is a ubiquitous concern among patients, especially geriatric patients, who are at a higher risk of clinical burden. It is associated with an increase in healthcare costs, decreased functional status, and adverse drug events, contributing to geriatric syndromes, such as falls, cognitive decline, and urinary retention. Geriatric care is multi-tiered, requiring assistance and care from a thorough physician who is attune to the potential risks of medications that are commonly prescribed. Smaller communities, often with less resources and clinical providers and with an aging population, especially at the hospital setting, are vulnerable to oversights when it comes to medication …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Bowel Ultrasonography In Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Sheza Malik, Sruthi Venugopalan, Bettina Gabrielle Tenorio, Shahab R. Khan, Priyadarshini Loganathan, Udayakumar Navaneethan, Babu P. Mohan 2024 Rochester General Hospital

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Bowel Ultrasonography In Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Sheza Malik, Sruthi Venugopalan, Bettina Gabrielle Tenorio, Shahab R. Khan, Priyadarshini Loganathan, Udayakumar Navaneethan, Babu P. Mohan

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

Background

Bowel ultrasonography (BUS) is emerging as a promising noninvasive tool for assessing disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of BUS in IBD patients against the gold standard diagnostic method, standard colonoscopy.

Methods

Major databases were searched from inception to May 2023 for studies on BUS diagnostic accuracy in IBD. Outcomes of interest were pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV), and negative (NPV) predictive values. Endoscopic confirmation served as ground truth. Standard meta-analysis methods with a random-effects model and I2 statistics were applied. Risk of bias was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic …


Efektivitas Sacubitril/Valsartan Dalam Mencegah Gagal Jantung Pada Stemi Pasca Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Nobian Andre, Lana Adila, Aulia Rizka, Lusiani Rusdi 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Efektivitas Sacubitril/Valsartan Dalam Mencegah Gagal Jantung Pada Stemi Pasca Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Nobian Andre, Lana Adila, Aulia Rizka, Lusiani Rusdi

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Heart failure is a possible complication following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) even after revascularization. Neuroendocrine activation in the process of ventricular remodeling can be regulated by angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) as well as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. The use of ARNI in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction has been found to be superior to ACE inhibitor. The role of ARNI on cardiac function in STEMI has not been established. A clinician treating a patient with STEMI considered giving sacubitril/valsartan to reduce the risk of developing heart failure. Literature search was performed in three electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane. …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Amondys 45 (Casimersen), A Novel Antisense Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomer: Clinical Considerations For Treatment In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Megan E. Vasterling, Rebecca J. Maitski, Brice A. Davis, Julie E. Barnes, Rucha A. Kelkar, Rachel J. Klapper, Hirni Patel, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Amondys 45 (Casimersen), A Novel Antisense Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomer: Clinical Considerations For Treatment In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Megan E. Vasterling, Rebecca J. Maitski, Brice A. Davis, Julie E. Barnes, Rucha A. Kelkar, Rachel J. Klapper, Hirni Patel, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

AMONDYS 45 (casimersen) is an antisense oligonucleotide therapy used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare genetic disorder characterized by a mutation in the DMD gene. Symptoms include progressive muscle weakness, respiratory and cardiac complications, and premature death. Casimersen targets a specific mutation in the DMD gene that results in the absence of dystrophin protein, a key structural component of muscle fibers. While there is currently no cure for DMD, exon-skipping therapy works by restoring the reading frame of the mutated gene, allowing the production of a partially functional dystrophin protein. Clinical trials of casimersen have shown promising results …


Getting Off On The Right Foot: Addressing Severe Lymphedema Through A Novel Shoe Design, Carl R. Russell III, Anjollie M. Ramakrishna, Christopher H. Johns III, Alana V. van Wijnen 2023 Purdue University

Getting Off On The Right Foot: Addressing Severe Lymphedema Through A Novel Shoe Design, Carl R. Russell Iii, Anjollie M. Ramakrishna, Christopher H. Johns Iii, Alana V. Van Wijnen

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Engineering Projects in Community Service (EPICS) is a service-learning design program run by the College of Engineering at Purdue University. EPICS teaches students design skills by providing solutions for individuals, communities, and organizations in the surrounding area while mirroring engineering industry standards. Biomedical Engineering is a team within EPICS that strives to serve community partners through biomedical applications. HR is a patient who suffers from severe lymphedema. This condition results in her foot swelling three times its original size and requires her to utilize weekly leg compression therapy. Prescription shoes are slightly adequate. However, they lead to sores and pain …


Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund 2023 James Madison University

Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: Assess the 5 year local recurrence rate of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) in relation to the conventional treatment of external breast radiotherapy (EBRT) in eligible females diagnosed with breast cancer over age 40.

Design: Systematic literature review.

Methods: PubMed was searched using the following limits and terms: breast neoplasms, intraoperative radiotherapy, randomized control trial, clinical trial, females, English, and published in the last 10 years.

Results: Three studies were found to directly compare IORT and EBRT regarding 5 year local recurrence rates.

Conclusion: IORT was shown to be non-inferior to EBRT in two of the three studies that were examined; …


Focused Assessment With Sonography Exams Vs Ct Scan, Anne Kresge, Charlotte Mueller, Briar Tures 2023 James Madison University

Focused Assessment With Sonography Exams Vs Ct Scan, Anne Kresge, Charlotte Mueller, Briar Tures

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Blunt trauma is a common reason patients present to the emergency department. Providers must evaluate these patients quickly to get them the correct treatment, especially for intra-abdominal bleeding. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) exams are growing in use to evaluate trauma patients for free fluid in the abdomen. To be valuable to emergency providers, it must be known how FAST exams compare to the gold standard evaluation, computed tomography (CT) scans. Searches were done on Pubmed and Scopus databases using terms “focused assessment with sonography for trauma” and “FAST exam CT blunt abdominal trauma.” Limits were added to …


Glaucoma Neovascular, Una De Las Consecuencias De La Oclusión De La Vena Central De La Retina, Nicol Daniela Jiménez Rojas 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Glaucoma Neovascular, Una De Las Consecuencias De La Oclusión De La Vena Central De La Retina, Nicol Daniela Jiménez Rojas

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

Objetivo. Estudiar y describir la relación entre la oclusión de la vena central de la retina y el glaucoma neovascular, su etiología, epidemiología, fisiopatología, factores de riesgo, presentación clínica y tratamientos. Metodología. Revisión de la literatura acerca del glaucoma neovascular secundario a oclusión de la vena central de la retina, tomando artículos comprendidos entre 2014 y 2022, con criterios de exclusión artículos de series de casos. Resultados. El glaucoma neovascular (GNV) es una afectación patológica ocular, secundaria a una afección ocular y/o sistémica hipóxica que conduce a isquemia retiniana, dentro de las etiologías más comunes (33 %) se encuentra la …


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