Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Surgical Procedures, Operative Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

433 Full-Text Articles 1,485 Authors 92,214 Downloads 89 Institutions

All Articles in Surgical Procedures, Operative

Faceted Search

433 full-text articles. Page 1 of 19.

Development And Implementation Of An Evidence Based Practice Guideline Related To The Management Of Adult Angioedema, Megan Przybysz 2024 Otterbein University

Development And Implementation Of An Evidence Based Practice Guideline Related To The Management Of Adult Angioedema, Megan Przybysz

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Angioedema (AE) is a potentially life-threatening medical condition that occurs with a higher frequency than medical providers may expect, with the emergency department (ED) serving as the usual first point of medical contact for patients. Any hesitation in recognizing AE or inconsideration of the disease process in differential diagnoses may lead to a dangerous delay of care. Due to the potential rapid progression of airway obstruction in AE, inexperienced providers should not attempt intubation, instead deferring to providers experienced in alternative airway techniques (i.e., anesthesia providers). The primary goal of this project is to develop an evidencebased practice guideline for …


Recent Studies In The Surgical Treatment Of Tetralogy Of Fallot, Emma C. Gardner 2024 Nova Southeastern University

Recent Studies In The Surgical Treatment Of Tetralogy Of Fallot, Emma C. Gardner

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

No abstract provided.


Thermoregulation In Colorectal Patients: Heating Co2 Insufflation Gas, Alejandro Conde, Alieu Jawara, Laura Savage, James Alberding DNP, Michael Godbold 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Thermoregulation In Colorectal Patients: Heating Co2 Insufflation Gas, Alejandro Conde, Alieu Jawara, Laura Savage, James Alberding Dnp, Michael Godbold

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

BACKGROUND: 600,000 colorectal surgeries are performed annually in the United States, with 26-90% experiencing some form of unintended hypothermia. Consequences of hypothermia include surgical site infections (SSIs), delayed wound healing, cardiac dysrhythmias, and increased hospital length of stay. Utilization of the laparoscopic approach to intra-abdominal colorectal surgery uses un-warmed CO2 gas. Multiple studies demonstrate the addition of heated CO2, for insufflation, reduces intraoperative hypothermia.

LOCAL PROBLEM: This project was implemented at a facility in Tennessee. On average, 250 laparoscopic colorectal cases are performed at this facility annually. Participants were adult colorectal surgical patients, 18 years …


Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund 2023 James Madison University

Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: Assess the 5 year local recurrence rate of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) in relation to the conventional treatment of external breast radiotherapy (EBRT) in eligible females diagnosed with breast cancer over age 40.

Design: Systematic literature review.

Methods: PubMed was searched using the following limits and terms: breast neoplasms, intraoperative radiotherapy, randomized control trial, clinical trial, females, English, and published in the last 10 years.

Results: Three studies were found to directly compare IORT and EBRT regarding 5 year local recurrence rates.

Conclusion: IORT was shown to be non-inferior to EBRT in two of the three studies that were examined; …


Preoperative Computed Tomography Scan In Distal Radius Fractures And The Effect On Preoperative Planning, Adam L. Haydel, Ryan C. Roubion, Cristina T. Graphia, Corinne E. Cloud, Claudia Leonardi, Christopher E. Marrero 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Preoperative Computed Tomography Scan In Distal Radius Fractures And The Effect On Preoperative Planning, Adam L. Haydel, Ryan C. Roubion, Cristina T. Graphia, Corinne E. Cloud, Claudia Leonardi, Christopher E. Marrero

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose: It is unclear whether computed tomography (CT) scans alter the surgical plan when ordered before surgery for fixation of intra-articular distal radius fractures (DRFs). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative CT scan alters the planned approach (PA) or planned fixation strategy (PFS) for open reduction internal fixation of intra-articular DRFs. Methods: Radiology records were retrospectively reviewed by one trauma surgeon and two hand surgeons for 33 intra-articular DRFs that met the inclusion criteria and previously underwent open reduction internal fixation. Surgeons were initially provided only preoperative radiographs; they were asked for their PA and …


Alt Free Flap Coverage After Carotid Endarterectomy In The Setting Of Severe Radiation Changes, Richard F. Guidry, Hannah E. Doran, Mark W. Stalder 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Alt Free Flap Coverage After Carotid Endarterectomy In The Setting Of Severe Radiation Changes, Richard F. Guidry, Hannah E. Doran, Mark W. Stalder

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty is commonly performed for severe atherosclerotic disease to reduce stroke risk. After neck radiation, loss of tissue planes; reactive fibrosis of skin; contraction; and rarely, necrosis of skin may occur, leading to severe wound complications and possible exposure of carotid artery reconstruction. Historically, local myocutaneous flaps have been performed to provide soft tissue coverage; however, these procedures may be associated with increased donor site morbidity and can be affected by radiation changes. This report describes the novel use of a fasciocutaneous free flap for durable vascularized soft tissue, and the associated secondary benefit of improved …


Slow Surgical Correction Affects More Than Just The Bowels, Emilia M. Clementi 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Slow Surgical Correction Affects More Than Just The Bowels, Emilia M. Clementi

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

Reflection on how delayed colostomy reversal affects a patient's mental and physical well-being.


Successful Surgical Outcome After Traumatic Diaphragmatic Intra-Pericardial Herniation From Blunt Abdominal Injury, Tyler Bayliss, Mark H. Cooper, Paul Bown 2023 Marshall University JCESOM

Successful Surgical Outcome After Traumatic Diaphragmatic Intra-Pericardial Herniation From Blunt Abdominal Injury, Tyler Bayliss, Mark H. Cooper, Paul Bown

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia (IPDH) is a rare manifestation of non-hiatal diaphragmatic hernias (NHDH). Intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia is defined as the prolapse of the abdominal viscera into the pericardium through the diaphragm. Their incidence has increased over the last 50-60 years, secondary to high-speed transport, and constitutes 5% of major thoracic and abdominal trauma today. These injuries can present during the initial workup or months after the initiating injury. These hernias can be caused by both blunt and penetrating trauma with concomitant central tendon rupture and pericardial laceration. We report an interesting case of intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia with delayed presentation that …


Early Closure Of Colostomy From Abdominal Trauma May Be Beneficial In Otherwise Healthy Patients, Nicole Xu 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Early Closure Of Colostomy From Abdominal Trauma May Be Beneficial In Otherwise Healthy Patients, Nicole Xu

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising

Khalid MS, Moeen S, Khan AW, Arshad R, Khan AF. Same admission colostomy closure: a prospective, randomised study in selected patient groups. Surgeon. 2005;3(1):11-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80004-6

for a patient with loop transverse colostomy due to trauma


Robotic First Rib Resection In Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Systematic Review Of Current Literature, Maikerly Reyes, Sneha Alaparthi, Johannes B. Roedl, Marisa Moreta, Nathaniel R. Evans, Tyler Grenda, Olugbenga T. Okusanya 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Robotic First Rib Resection In Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Systematic Review Of Current Literature, Maikerly Reyes, Sneha Alaparthi, Johannes B. Roedl, Marisa Moreta, Nathaniel R. Evans, Tyler Grenda, Olugbenga T. Okusanya

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) involves the compression of neurovascular structures in the thoracic outlet. TOS subtypes, including neurogenic (nTOS), venous (vTOS), and arterial (aTOS) are characterized by distinct clinical presentations and diagnostic considerations. This review explores the incidence, diagnostic challenges, and management of TOS with a focus on the innovative approach of Robotic First Rib Resection (R-FRR). Traditional management of TOS includes conservative measures and surgical interventions, with various open surgical approaches carrying risks of complications. R-FRR, a minimally invasive technique, offers advantages such as improved exposure, reduced injury risk to neurovascular structures, and shorter hospital stays. A comprehensive literature …


Surgical Stabilization Of Multiple Rib Fractures In An Asian Population: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Weiwei He, Yi Yang, Raymark Salonga, Ledford Powell, Patrick Greiffenstein, Jonne T.H. Prins, Stephen Patrick Abella 2023 Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital

Surgical Stabilization Of Multiple Rib Fractures In An Asian Population: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Weiwei He, Yi Yang, Raymark Salonga, Ledford Powell, Patrick Greiffenstein, Jonne T.H. Prins, Stephen Patrick Abella

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: There is no consensus on the effectiveness of surgical stabilization in multiple rib fractures in Asia, especially among patients with a non-flail rib fracture pattern. We aim to synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) in an Asian population with multiple nonflail rib fractures. Methods: The MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched in this systematic literature review and meta-analysis to identify studies conducted in Asia that included patients with multiple non-flail rib fractures in at least one of their treatment groups. The …


Submental Intubation In Oral Maxillofacial Surgery: A Case Report And Review Of Indications And Complications, Ed W. Alvarado, Jennifer Inofomoh, Mark Lavering, Diego Aleman 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Submental Intubation In Oral Maxillofacial Surgery: A Case Report And Review Of Indications And Complications, Ed W. Alvarado, Jennifer Inofomoh, Mark Lavering, Diego Aleman

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Background: Submental intubation has emerged as a crucial alternative airway management technique within the realm of oral maxillofacial surgery, addressing scenarios where conventional intraoral or nasal intubation proves infeasible or hazardous. The landscape of oral maxillofacial surgeries is characterized by intricate fractures, extensive soft tissue damage, and anatomical deviations that render traditional intubation methods untenable. This innovative technique involves the insertion of a modified oral endotracheal tube through a submental incision, subsequently threading it into the oropharynx. This procedure ensures secure airway access while safeguarding the integrity of oral and nasal passages. This modality reaps manifold benefits, spanning augmented …


Minoxidil Weakens Newly Synthesized Collagen In Fibrotic Synoviocytes From Osteoarthritis Patients, Stefan Sarkovich, Peter P. Issa, Andrew Longanecker, Davis Martin, Kaitlyn Redondo, Patrick McTernan, Jennifer Simkin, Luis Marrero 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Minoxidil Weakens Newly Synthesized Collagen In Fibrotic Synoviocytes From Osteoarthritis Patients, Stefan Sarkovich, Peter P. Issa, Andrew Longanecker, Davis Martin, Kaitlyn Redondo, Patrick Mcternan, Jennifer Simkin, Luis Marrero

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose: Synovial fibrosis (SFb) formation and turnover attributable to knee osteoarthritis (KOA) can impart painful stiffness and persist following arthroplasty. To supplement joint conditioning aimed at maximizing peri-operative function, we evaluated the antifibrotic effect of Minoxidil (MXD) on formation of pyridinoline (Pyd) cross-links catalyzed by Plod2-encoded lysyl hydroxylase (LH)2b that strengthen newly synthesized type-I collagen (COL1) in fibroblastic synovial cells (FSCs) from KOA patients. MXD was predicted to decrease Pyd without significant alterations to Col1a1 transcription by FSCs stimulated with transforming growth factor (TGF)β1. Methods: Synovium from 10 KOA patients grouped by SFb severity was preserved for picrosirius and LH2b …


Implementing A Designated Follow-Up Plan To Increase Patient Adherence To Surveillance Recommendations After Endovascular Aortic Repair, Stacey Basta 2023 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Implementing A Designated Follow-Up Plan To Increase Patient Adherence To Surveillance Recommendations After Endovascular Aortic Repair, Stacey Basta

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Patients who have had endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) require lifelong monitoring and imaging surveillance due to the increased risk of developing serious complications. Despite specific EVAR follow-up and guideline recommendations, patient adherence remains poor.

PICOT: In adult patients who have undergone endovascular aortic repair (P), does the use of a designated follow-up plan(I), compared to the current routine follow-up care (C), increase annual adherence of patients to the recommended post-surgical surveillance (O) over 10 weeks (T)?

Evidence: The literature supported the need to improve lifelong surveillance for EVAR patients, noting a positive correlation between improved patient adherence and …


Robotic Cholecystectomy Versus Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Modern Analysis Of Outcomes And Efficiency, Samuel Durham, Aziz Sadiq 2023 Rowan University

Robotic Cholecystectomy Versus Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Modern Analysis Of Outcomes And Efficiency, Samuel Durham, Aziz Sadiq

Stratford Campus Research Day

Introduction/Purpose

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was first performed in the United States in 1982, and by 1992 it became standard practice. The first robotic cholecystectomy was performed in 1997, yet it still has not been widely accepted as the standard of care. Many research papers early on in the development of robotic-assisted surgery concluded that robotically removing gallbladders would be more costly and less time efficient. We aim to compare the costs and operative time between laparoscopic and robotic cholecystectomy.

Methods

A study was performed on patients who underwent an elective robotic cholecystectomy over one year by a single primary surgeon. Operative …


The Clinical Definition And Characterization Of Field Of Cancerization In Patients With Actinic Keratoses, Stuti Prajapati, Christina Kontzias, Mallory Zaino, Steven Feldman 2023 Rowan University

The Clinical Definition And Characterization Of Field Of Cancerization In Patients With Actinic Keratoses, Stuti Prajapati, Christina Kontzias, Mallory Zaino, Steven Feldman

Stratford Campus Research Day

Introduction: Chronic UV radiation affects the entire area of skin exposed, leading to visible actinic keratoses (AK) and subclinical changes in the surrounding skin. AKs are hyperkeratotic lesions, with a 0.025-16% risk of transforming into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).1 Cellular atypia around AKs is the field of cancerization (FOC). Topical AK therapies can treat the FOC, while destructive treatments address visible lesions. FDA-approved products may be approved for field sizes up to 25 cm2.1,2

Objective: To characterize the FOC and assess the correlation between the FOC and number of AKs.

Methods: 100 patients with AKs were recruited. FOC was defined …


Barriers To Dermatological Care In Patients Who Received Extensive Mohs Surgery - An In-Depth Qualitative Analysis, Stuti Prajapati, Mallory Zaino, Christina Kontzias, Laura Doerfler, Steven R. Feldman 2023 Rowan University

Barriers To Dermatological Care In Patients Who Received Extensive Mohs Surgery - An In-Depth Qualitative Analysis, Stuti Prajapati, Mallory Zaino, Christina Kontzias, Laura Doerfler, Steven R. Feldman

Stratford Campus Research Day

Background: Dermatological care needs to be accessible for the elderly, but they face prominent challenges contributing to delays in diagnosis and treatment. Prolonged management of may lead to widespread cutaneous malignancies, necessitating extensive Mohs surgery.

Objective: To identify areas for early intervention in the geriatric population who have undergone extensive Mohs surgery.

Methods: We performed a qualitative study on 10 patients 65 years and older (68-91) from Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist dermatology clinics between December 2022 and February 2023, who had extensive Mohs surgery (3 or more layers removed).

Results: Three major areas for potential intervention for cutaneous carcinoma …


Obstructive Hydrocephalus Caused By A Colloid Cyst Presenting As A Transient Ischemic Attack (Tia), Muhammad Nadeem 2023 Rowan University

Obstructive Hydrocephalus Caused By A Colloid Cyst Presenting As A Transient Ischemic Attack (Tia), Muhammad Nadeem

Stratford Campus Research Day

Colloid cysts are benign growths commonly found in the third ventricle or at the Foramen of Monroe. They are composed of epithelial lining filled with gelatinous material that contain cholesterol, mucin, old blood and ions. Most colloid cysts are asymptomatic but can present with a variety of symptoms that range from headaches, diplopia, memory problems, and vertigo. They can also present as an obstructive hydrocephalus with the classic “Wet, wacky and wobbly” triad. Rarely colloid cysts have been reported to cause sudden death. They can present to the ED with any spectrum of these symptoms.


Outcomes Of Arthroscopic Vs. Open Biceps Tenodesis For Treatment Of Slap Lesion In Female Patients, Adeeb Hanna, Matthew Wallingford, William Johns, John Sonner, Emma Johnson, Sommer Hammoud, Brandon Erickson, Steven Cohen, Michael Ciccotti, Meghan Bishop 2023 Rowan University

Outcomes Of Arthroscopic Vs. Open Biceps Tenodesis For Treatment Of Slap Lesion In Female Patients, Adeeb Hanna, Matthew Wallingford, William Johns, John Sonner, Emma Johnson, Sommer Hammoud, Brandon Erickson, Steven Cohen, Michael Ciccotti, Meghan Bishop

Stratford Campus Research Day

Background: Biceps tenodesis (BT) is one alternative treatment to repair of superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) tears. It can be performed as an arthroscopy or open procedure. While there have been studies comparing the outcomes of SLAP repair procedures with BT for the treatment of SLAP tears, literature comparing arthroscopic and open BT for the treatment of SLAP tears is limited. Additionally, no previous study has specifically examined the outcomes of these procedures in female patients.

Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes following Arthroscopic BT and Open BT for SLAP tears in females. The authors …


Perioperative Ketamine Use For Post Mastectomy Pain, Alessia Cooney, Jaylyn Thompson, Naomi Watkins-Granville 2023 Rowan University

Perioperative Ketamine Use For Post Mastectomy Pain, Alessia Cooney, Jaylyn Thompson, Naomi Watkins-Granville

Stratford Campus Research Day

PMPS is defined as chronic neuropathic pain following breast cancer procedures in the ipsilateral arm, chest wall, axilla or shoulder.1-3 Approximately 20 to 50% of post mastectomy patients suffer from Post Mastectomy Pain Syndrome (PMPS).1 With more than 3.8 million breast cancer survivors, due to advances in treatment, there is increased importance in findings ways to better manage the quality of life of breast cancer survivors.1,4 Ketamine induces analgesic effects through its non-competitive antagonism of NDMA receptors.5 Low doses of ketamine infusion (20–30 mg x h−1) have been shown to produce analgesia in neuropathic pain states with benefits lasting up …


Digital Commons powered by bepress