Development And Implementation Of An Evidence Based Practice Guideline Related To The Management Of Adult Angioedema, Megan Przybysz
Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects
Angioedema (AE) is a potentially life-threatening medical condition that occurs with a higher frequency than medical providers may expect, with the emergency department (ED) serving as the usual first point of medical contact for patients. Any hesitation in recognizing AE or inconsideration of the disease process in differential diagnoses may lead to a dangerous delay of care. Due to the potential rapid progression of airway obstruction in AE, inexperienced providers should not attempt intubation, instead deferring to providers experienced in alternative airway techniques (i.e., anesthesia providers). The primary goal of this project is to develop an evidencebased practice guideline for …
Raman Spectroscopic Analysis Of Human Serum Samples Of Convalescing Covid-19 Positive Patients, 2023 Technological University Dublin
Raman Spectroscopic Analysis Of Human Serum Samples Of Convalescing Covid-19 Positive Patients, Hugh Byrne, Naomi Jackson, Jaythoon Hassan
Rapid screening, detection and monitoring of viral infection is of critical importance, as exemplified by the rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2, leading to the worldwide pandemic of COVID-19. This is equally the case for the stages of patient convalescence as for the initial stages of infection, to understand the medium and long terms effects, as well as the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Optical spectroscopic techniques potentially offer an alternative to currently employed techniques of screening for the presence, or the response to infection. In this study, the ability of Raman spectroscopy to distinguish between samples of the serum of convalescent COVID-19 …
Dietary Analysis For Hashimoto’S Thyroiditis: An Integrative Review, 2023 Kennesaw State University
Dietary Analysis For Hashimoto’S Thyroiditis: An Integrative Review, Evan Thompson, Alison Hultquist
Master of Science in Nursing Final Projects
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (HT) is the leading cause of primary hypothyroidism in the United States. In HT, there is an infiltration by lymphocytes which leads to the production of autoantibodies against the thyroid gland. Throughout this integrative review, the aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of micronutrient supplementation and dietary management as adjunct treatments in HT. The purpose was to assist primary care providers in the development of a more holistic plan of care. Literature published within the past seven years was gathered and reviewed from PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. Findings indicate that many patients with HT may benefit …
Tachycardia Therapy Outcomes Of Ischemic Versus Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy On Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis, 2023 Department of electrophysiology, Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Disease, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Tachycardia Therapy Outcomes Of Ischemic Versus Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy On Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis, Jahanzeb Malik, Muhammad Awais, Muhammad Shabbir, Amer Rauf, Shehzad Zaffar, Azmat Hayat, Amin Mehmoodi
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Objective This investigation aimed to investigate differences between dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) for tachycardia therapy-related outcomes as well as mortality during follow-up of at least 1 year. Methods Seventy-eight patients with DCM (n=42) and ICM (n=36) with implantation or upgradation to CRT-D were included in this study and analyzed for incidence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT), non-sustained ventricular fibrillation (NSVF), defibrillator therapies, anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP), and mortality. Results DCM was the underlying etiology in 42 (53.84%) and ICM in 36 (46.15%). Time to first therapy was numerically longer …
Sarcopenic Obesity, Pathogenesis, And Treatment With A Focus On Exercise And Protein Intake, 2023 Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Izmir, Turkey
Sarcopenic Obesity, Pathogenesis, And Treatment With A Focus On Exercise And Protein Intake, Yasemin Karaağaç
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Sarcopenic obesity involves the co-occurrence of sarcopenia and obesity, yields more health risks than either condition alone, thus requiring prevention and treatment for healthy aging. In this review, the literature on the diagnosis of sarcopenic obesity, the mechanisms of its pathogenesis and treatment with emphasis on exercise and dietary protein were revised. Changes in body composition and sex hormones with age, myocellular mechanisms, inflammation, oxidative stress, physical inactivity, and insufficient protein intake are the main factors associated with the pathogenesis of sarcopenic obesity. Treatment targets weight loss while preserving muscle mass and function. Promising approaches involve high-protein and low-calorie diets …
A Novel, Minimally Invasive, Paper-Based Biomarker Assay For Molecular Diagnosis Of Preeclampsia, 2023 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology
A Novel, Minimally Invasive, Paper-Based Biomarker Assay For Molecular Diagnosis Of Preeclampsia, Tomi Taiwo
Harrisburg University Research Symposium: Highlighting Research, Innovation, & Creativity
Preeclampsia is a severe pregnancy condition marked by high blood pressure and proteinuria that can strike at any point throughout pregnancy or immediately after birth. Although the exact cause of this disease is unknown, there are several symptoms associated. The goal of this study is focused on the evaluation of biomarker-based assays for molecular diagnosis of the condition in a sensitive and timely manner. This project involved the use of an immunoassay, fabricated serum samples, and a paper-based assay to assess the strength of the presence of the placental growth factor (PlGF). This was done to facilitate a proof-of-concept mechanism …
Unusual Inflammatory Presentation For Locally Advanced Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Unusual Inflammatory Presentation For Locally Advanced Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, Ana I. Vargas, Samuel K. Snyder
Background: Thyroid cancer usually presents as a thyroid nodule. If the history implies rapid growth of the nodule, new onset hoarseness or presence of ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy then it should raise concern for malignancy. Deep neck infection/inflammation has rarely been reported as initial presentation and these patients are potentially misdiagnosed.
Case Presentation: We present a 56-year-old male who comes to clinic for evaluation of left neck nodule. He started two weeks prior with sudden neck swelling associated with erythema and pain in his lower neck that caused choking sensation and swallowing discomfort, he was prescribed Bactrim and prednisone with improvement …
Using Cartesian Coordinate Systems To Create, Classify, And Retrieve Biomedical Time-Series: Applications To 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Using Cartesian Coordinate Systems To Create, Classify, And Retrieve Biomedical Time-Series: Applications To 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, Antonio Garcia, Gladys E. Maestre, John Blangero, Jesus D. Melgarejo, Julio Facelli
Background: Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement (ABPM) allows physicians to monitor blood pressure variability under everyday living conditions and predicts clinical outcomes better than conventional blood-pressure measurement. ABPM can demonstrate mean arterial pressure (MAP) behavior over 24 hours relevant to clinical practice, such as nocturnal hypertension or increased blood pressure variability. We hypothesized that individuals with the same cardiovascular health status would have the same MAP signal (MAPs) waveform.
Methods: This study reutilizes a data subset from the IDACO Consortium to create 24-hour MAPs. We assigned all the MAPs to data matrix X, performed principal components analysis (PCA) to X, and …
The Role Of Molecular Thyroseq V3 Testing For Diagnosis And Management Of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules., 2023 Munster Technological University
The Role Of Molecular Thyroseq V3 Testing For Diagnosis And Management Of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules., Ruth Delahunty
International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences
Worldwide, thyroid cancer is the 8th most common malignancy (3rd most common in women) and in recent years, there has been increased incidence of thyroid cancer worldwide. There is currently said to be a of thyroid nodules as of 2022. When it comes to the management of indeterminate thyroid nodules, clinical decision making can be challenging.
Thyroseq V3 testing may be used to determine the percentage probability of a thyroid nodule of being either malignant or benign, through a complex algorithm with next generation sequencing techniques, currently testing is done in the University of Pittsburgh and therefore is …
Unknown Rectal Lesions: A Case Of Severe Proctitis Secondary To Mpox In The Setting Of Concomitant Hiv, Syphilis, Hsv, And Chlamydia, Nicole Robertson Mph, James Crosby Do, Cynthia R. Young Md, Msc, Anne E. Sayers Md, Nicholas J. Van Sickles Md
ePublications of Emerging Medical Research Scholars
Mpox emerged as a public health crisis with limited research describing co-occurring HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We present a case of severe proctitis secondary to Mpox with concomitant HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), syphilis, HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus), and chlamydia and review presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Mpox with concurrent STIs.
34-year-old male living with HIV (LWH) presenting with worsening rectal pain, multiple anal papules, and fever. His laboratory workup revealed simultaneous positive results for orthopoxvirus, chlamydia, and HSV-1 PCR. We initiated tecovirimat due to rectal involvement and uncontrolled pain. He subsequently developed lesions on …
Outpatient Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing And Treatment Patterns In The United States: A Real-World Database Study, 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans
Outpatient Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing And Treatment Patterns In The United States: A Real-World Database Study, Rebecca Lillis, Louis Kuritzky, Zune Huynh, Rodney Arcenas, Avneet Hansra, Roma Shah, Baiyu Yang, Stephanie N. Taylor
School of Medicine Faculty Publications
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are the most common notifiable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United States. Because symptoms of these infections often overlap with other urogenital infections, misdiagnosis and incorrect treatment can occur unless appropriate STI diagnostic testing is performed in clinical settings. The objective of this study was to describe STI diagnostic testing and antimicrobial treatment patterns and trends among adolescent and adult men and women with lower genitourinary tract symptoms (LGUTS). Methods: We analyzed insurance claims data from the IBM® MarketScan® Research Databases. Patients included were between 14 and 64 years old with …
Parents’ Perspectives On The Utility Of Genomic Sequencing In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, 2023 University of Louisville Health Sciences Center
Parents’ Perspectives On The Utility Of Genomic Sequencing In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Amy A. Lemke, Michelle L. Thompson, Emily C. Gimpel, Katelyn C. Mcnamara, Carla A. Rich, Candice R. Finnila, Meagan E. Cochran, James M.J. Lawlor, Kelly M. East, Kevin M. Bowling, Donald R. Latner, Susan M. Hiatt, Michelle D. Amaral, Whitley V. Kelley, Veronica Greve, David E. Gray, Stephanie A. Felker, Hannah Meddaugh, Ashley Cannon, Amanda Luedecke, Kelly E. Jackson, Laura G. Hendon, Hillary M. Janani, Marla Johnston, Lee Ann Merin, Sarah L. Deans, Carly Tuura, Trent Hughes
School of Medicine Faculty Publications
Background: It is critical to understand the wide-ranging clinical and non-clinical effects of genome sequencing (GS) for parents in the NICU context. We assessed parents’ experiences with GS as a first-line diagnostic tool for infants with suspected genetic conditions in the NICU. Methods: Parents of newborns (N = 62) suspected of having a genetic condition were recruited across five hospitals in the southeast United States as part of the SouthSeq study. Semi-structured interviews (N = 78) were conducted after parents received their child’s sequencing result (positive, negative, or variants of unknown significance). Thematic analysis was performed on all interviews. Results: …
Reasoning The Voice: Toward A Diagnostic And Prescriptive Technique In The Teaching Of Singing, 2023 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Reasoning The Voice: Toward A Diagnostic And Prescriptive Technique In The Teaching Of Singing, Carlos E. Santelli
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
Voice pedagogy literature often draws a parallel between a doctor’s ability to diagnose illness and prescribe treatment, and a voice teacher’s ability to identify vocal obstacles and design solutions. The core of these parallel procedures lies in an ability to utilize critical reasoning skills within highly specific contexts. Medical literature describes this as “clinical reasoning” and has studied it as a learned process. Voice pedagogy literature has traditionally described this as an innate process which is solely developed through experience. This document broadly examines the ways in which medical literature has broken down clinical reasoning into specific cognitive processes and …
Implementing A Hearing Screening Readiness Assessment Tool For Preterm And Term Neonates In The Newborn Intensive Care Unit: A Pilot Project, Mckenzie Blatt, Adrienne Johnson, Jennifer L. Hamilton, Carly Alston, Belinda Chan
Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention
Newborn intensive care unit (NICU) patients are at risk for hearing loss. Early detection mitigates consequences of speech and language delay. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) recommends hearing screening (HS) on all infants by 1 month of age. Often hearing screening is performed around the time of NICU discharge, often beyond JCIH recommendations. Automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screening can be performed once an infant reaches 32 to 34 weeks corrected gestational age (GA). Our project aimed to reduce HS delay among NICU infants. We created and implemented a HS assessment tool defining gestational age and medical stability …
Clinical Presentation And Management Of Chromoblastomycosis: A Case Report And Review, 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans
Clinical Presentation And Management Of Chromoblastomycosis: A Case Report And Review, Lacey Falgout, Deborah Hilton
School of Medicine Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Improving Imaging Practices Following Arterial Switch Operation, 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City
Improving Imaging Practices Following Arterial Switch Operation, Mollie Walton, Nir Atlas, Sanket Shah
Problem Statement/Question: Long-term risk in post-operative cardiac patients exists, and morbidity may be avoided with advanced imaging surveillance.
Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): The Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for Multimodality Imaging During Follow-Up Care of Patients with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) was published in 2020 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation. This includes a subsection for D-Looped Transposition of the Great Arteries (D-Loop TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) is the preferred method for surgical repair of D-Loop TGA. Appropriate and timely use of advanced imaging is essential in optimizing long-term postsurgical outcomes. The objective of this quality improvement (QI) …
Improving Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Practices With Qi Methodology In Family Medicine Offices, Rea Isaac, Anne Jones
Stratford Campus Research Day
Early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is crucial in preventing vision loss and blindness in vulnerable diabetics. With around 7.7 million patients having DR, and the target population being 20 -75 years old, the potential for improving their quality of life is substantial (WHO, 2022). Despite the importance of timely and routine eye exams, 45% of diabetic patients do not complete an exam despite physicians recommendations (Lu, 2014). This project aims to standardize eye exams, improve process flow, and improve patient understanding of the urgency of timely and comprehensive eye exams for DR. Multiple PDSA cycles and QI …
Mixed Beri’S: High Output Heart Failure From Severe Anemia And Thiamine Deficiency, 2023 Rowan University
Mixed Beri’S: High Output Heart Failure From Severe Anemia And Thiamine Deficiency, Rohan Umrani, Hiral Amin, Ashley Pinckney, Charles Yang, Daniel Tran
Stratford Campus Research Day
Background: Severe anemia and thiamine deficiency can independently result in high output heart failure (HOHF) through different mechanisms. Data on the threshold and timeframe at which these etiologies may precipitate HOHF is unclear.
Case: A 63-year-old male with alcohol use disorder consuming 18 drinks/week presented with progressive shortness of breath and lower extremity edema for a few months. Physical exam revealed tachycardia, anasarca, jugular venous distension, Lancisi’s sign, and a midsystolic murmur. Echocardiogram demonstrated EF of 30-35%, dilated left ventricle, and cardiac index of 4.2L/min/m2.
Decision-Making: Heart failure can independently precipitate anemia while severe alcoholism can induce myelosuppression and promote …
Focused Pocus: Cardiopulmonary Curriculum For Internal Medicine Residents, 2023 Rowan University
Focused Pocus: Cardiopulmonary Curriculum For Internal Medicine Residents, Daniel Tran, Krunalkumar Patel, Shivani Dalal, Umang Patel, Troy Randle
Stratford Campus Research Day
Problem Statement: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is currently not a required core competency in internal medicine (IM) residency despite its inherent benefits, and many hospitalists are not equipped to confidently acquire nor interpret basic ultrasound images.
Background: POCUS is used at the bedside by physicians to answer directed clinical questions to help guide patient management. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of ultrasound for quick, accurate diagnosis of life-threatening pathology has been instrumental in early detection of acute cardiopulmonary failure, monitoring treatment response, and minimizing nosocomial spread. We aimed to determine interest in learning POCUS, confidence level, self-rated proficiency, and perceived …
Herpesviriae Infection Of The Corneal Endothelium, 2023 Trinity Health Mid-Atlantic
Herpesviriae Infection Of The Corneal Endothelium, Behnam Rabiee, Chandani Patel, Mansab Jafri, Hamad Hussain, Michael Gaspari, Muhamad Festok, Imtiaz Chaudhry, Iftikhar Chaudhry, Asim Farooq
Stratford Campus Research Day
- The corneal endothelium plays a vital role in maintaining corneal clarity by regulating the amount of fluid in the corneal stroma.
- Corneal endotheliitis is defined as inflammation of the corneal endothelial layer that leads to corneal edema and haziness, and subsequent loss of vision.
- Most common causes include cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), and varicella zoster virus (VZV).
- Because corneal endothelial cells cannot regenerate following injury, early diagnosis is essential in proper management and preventing loss of corneal endothelial cells.
In this review we aim to gather the most recent knowledge on viral corneal …