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Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Design Of A Distributed Real-Time E-Health Cyber Ecosystem With Collective Actions: Diagnosis, Dynamic Queueing, And Decision Making, Yanlin Zhou 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Design Of A Distributed Real-Time E-Health Cyber Ecosystem With Collective Actions: Diagnosis, Dynamic Queueing, And Decision Making, Yanlin Zhou

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this thesis, we develop a framework for E-health Cyber Ecosystems, and look into different involved actors. The three interested parties in the ecosystem including patients, doctors, and healthcare providers are discussed in 3 different phases. In Phase 1, machine-learning based modeling and simulation analysis is performed to remotely predict a patient's risk level of having heart diseases in real time. In Phase 2, an online dynamic queueing model is devised to pair doctors with patients having high risk levels (diagnosed in Phase 1) to confirm the risk, and provide help. In Phase 3, a decision making paradigm is ...


Insane: James Holmes, Clark V. Arizona, And America's Insanity Defense, Eric Collins 2018 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

Insane: James Holmes, Clark V. Arizona, And America's Insanity Defense, Eric Collins

Journal of Law and Health

Insanity is a legal term of art that changes definitions depending on the legal standard in American jurisprudence, which explains why a man who mental health professionals described as having an uncontrollable obsession with killing people can be found not insane and guilty. This Note addresses the current state of the Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984 and its widespread implementation at the state level. Part II supplies background information on the history of the insanity defense and how it has transformed over the years in American jurisprudence. Part III provides an analysis of the of the insanity defense. Part ...


The Test-Retest Reliability Of Erp Components As Assessed By The Brief Neurometric Battery, James D. Cole, Paul Kieffaber 2018 The College of William and Mary

The Test-Retest Reliability Of Erp Components As Assessed By The Brief Neurometric Battery, James D. Cole, Paul Kieffaber

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Electroencephalography (EEG) has been a crucial component of neuropsychological research for nearly a century. Recent applications of the EEG recordings in a clinical setting have demonstrated a range of diagnostic and prognostic uses. Certain changes in event-related potentials (ERP) have been linked to the effects of different neurological conditions and can be accurately used to determine the severity of those conditions. However, in order to assess the stability of these ERP recordings over an extended period of time, one must first establish their statistical test-retest reliability. Using a novel Brief Neurometric Battery we assessed seven different ERP components in twenty ...


Motor Subtypes Of Parkinson’S Disease Can Be Identified By Frequency Component Of Postural Stability, Saba Rezvanian, Thurmon Lockhart, Christopher Frames, Rahul Soangra, Abraham Lieberman 2018 Arizona State University

Motor Subtypes Of Parkinson’S Disease Can Be Identified By Frequency Component Of Postural Stability, Saba Rezvanian, Thurmon Lockhart, Christopher Frames, Rahul Soangra, Abraham Lieberman

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Parkinson’s disease (PD) can be divided into two subtypes based on clinical features—namely tremor dominant (TD) and postural instability and gait difficulty (PIGD). This categorization is important at the early stage of PD, since identifying the subtypes can help to predict the clinical progression of the disease. Accordingly, correctly diagnosing subtypes is critical in initiating appropriate early interventions and tracking the progression of the disease. However, as the disease progresses, it becomes increasingly difficult to further distinguish those attributes that are relevant to the subtypes. In this study, we investigated whether a method using the standing center of ...


Training Course In Focused Assessment With Sonography For Hiv/Tb In Hiv Prevalent Medical Centers In Malawi, Timothy Canan, Risa Hoffman, Alan Schooley, Zachary Boas, Kristin Schwab, Daniel Kahn, Roger Shih, Khumbo Phiri, Julie Parent, Ben Allan Banda, Ronald Chagoma, Chifundo Chipungu, Kara-Lee Pool 2018 University of California, Los Angeles

Training Course In Focused Assessment With Sonography For Hiv/Tb In Hiv Prevalent Medical Centers In Malawi, Timothy Canan, Risa Hoffman, Alan Schooley, Zachary Boas, Kristin Schwab, Daniel Kahn, Roger Shih, Khumbo Phiri, Julie Parent, Ben Allan Banda, Ronald Chagoma, Chifundo Chipungu, Kara-Lee Pool

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: This article describes the process of training medical providers of different backgrounds about the “focused assessment with sonography for HIV-associated TB” (FASH) exam to expand the availability of ultrasound for TB diagnosis in resource poor settings in the central region of Malawi.

Methods and Materials: A survey was completed by the 19 eligible participants before and after a 4-day training course regarding the utility of the FASH exam. A six-question quiz was used to assess knowledge of the use of ultrasound in the FASH exam before and after the course.

Results: Participants’ knowledge of the FASH technique significantly improved ...


Indicators For Prediction Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Positivity Detected With Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Xi Liu, Xing-Fang Hou, Lei Gao, Guo-Fang Deng, Ming-Xia Zhang, Qun-Yi Deng, Tao-Sheng Ye, Qian-Ting Yang, Bo-Ping Zhou, Zhi-Hua Wen, Hai-Ying Liu, Hardy Kornfeld, Xin-Chun Chen 2018 Shenzhen University

Indicators For Prediction Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Positivity Detected With Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Xi Liu, Xing-Fang Hou, Lei Gao, Guo-Fang Deng, Ming-Xia Zhang, Qun-Yi Deng, Tao-Sheng Ye, Qian-Ting Yang, Bo-Ping Zhou, Zhi-Hua Wen, Hai-Ying Liu, Hardy Kornfeld, Xin-Chun Chen

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) remains a challenge in clinic, especially for sputum negative pulmonary TB. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) has higher sensitivity than sputum for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). However, bronchoscopy is invasive and costly, and not suitable for all patients. In order to make TB patients get more benefit from BALF for diagnosis, we explore which indicator might be used to optimize the choice of bronchoscopy.

METHODS: A total of 1539 sputum-smear-negative pulmonary TB suspects who underwent bronchoscopy were recruited for evaluation. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of Mtb detection in sputum and BALF ...


A Delayed Diagnosis Of Tarsometatarsal Ligament (Lisfranc) Sprain In A Female College Soccer Athlete And Foot Rehabilitation, Boyoung Park 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

A Delayed Diagnosis Of Tarsometatarsal Ligament (Lisfranc) Sprain In A Female College Soccer Athlete And Foot Rehabilitation, Boyoung Park

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

A Delayed Diagnosis of Tarsometatarsal Ligament (Lisfranc) Sprain in a Female College Soccer Athlete and Foot Rehabilitation

Park B*, Nicola M*, Wilkins S*: *University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE

Objective: To emphasize the importance of the correct treatment protocol and the proper rehabilitation exercises based on the patient’s injury condition and healing process. Background: A 22-year-old female division I soccer athlete underwent tarsometatarsal ligament repair to stabilize midfoot. The patient started feeling pain in the dorsal aspect of her left 1st and 2nd metatarsals at the beginning of the season, however, she reported no specific mechanism of injury ...


Female Autistic Perspectives: Limits In Diagnosis And Understanding, Alexandra Helmers 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Female Autistic Perspectives: Limits In Diagnosis And Understanding, Alexandra Helmers

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder has increased dramatically within the last two decades, with males being diagnosed, on average, four to five times more than females. Although researchers in the medical community have searched for a biological explanation for this discrepancy, no definitive cause has been found. I argue that our understanding of autism is primarily a social and cultural construction, in addition to a diagnosable medical disorder. The gender disparity in diagnosis reflects cultural narratives surrounding social interaction and the widespread belief in two distinct gender roles. Furthermore, narratives surrounding the topic of autism tend to unintentionally highlight ...


Purépecha Biohistory Project: A Differential Diagnosis On Burial 14.2 - A Possible Case Of Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy, Eli Mrak 2018 Anthropology

Purépecha Biohistory Project: A Differential Diagnosis On Burial 14.2 - A Possible Case Of Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy, Eli Mrak

Honors Theses AY 17/18

The well preserved skeletal remains of a young adult female from the pre-Hispanic city of Angamuco, Michoacán, Mexico were analyzed during the Purépecha Biohistory Project in May of 2016. The bones of this individual display an array of proliferative new bone formation (PNBF) in the form of extensive periosteal reaction to the majority of the elements present. A differential diagnosis was conducted based on the types of lesions present and their distribution on the individual’s skeleton. Osseous responses similar to that observed on this individual have been credited to a variety of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal disease ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Norton Cancer Institute’S Prompt Care Clinics, Stephanie L. Fred 2018 University of Kentucky

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Norton Cancer Institute’S Prompt Care Clinics, Stephanie L. Fred

DNP Projects

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate outcomes of implementation of the Norton Cancer Institute (NCI) Prompt Care Clinics (PCCs), to include number of emergency room (ER) visits and number of inpatient admissions. A second purpose of the study was to identify presenting symptoms for patients seen in the NCI PCCs and compare the average charge per case for patients seen in the ER or NCI PCCs with the same diagnosis.

Methods: This study employed a pre-post implementation retrospective review of NCI patient electronic medical records (EPIC) to examine the effectiveness of the NCI PCCs on ER ...


Usefulness Of The Captia Syphilis Igg Eia Test Method And Reverse Algorithm For Detection Of Syphilis Infection In A Public Health Setting, Patricia Armour 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Usefulness Of The Captia Syphilis Igg Eia Test Method And Reverse Algorithm For Detection Of Syphilis Infection In A Public Health Setting, Patricia Armour

Theses and Dissertations

Syphilis, a systemic sexually transmitted disease, is on the rise in the US, with infection rates the highest recorded since 1994 according to the CDC. Useful laboratory testing is an important diagnostic tool for determining individual syphilis infection and preventing community-wide disease spread.

The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of a specific automated treponemal test method, the CaptiaTM Syphilis IgG EIA, and the syphilis reverse algorithm interpretation for detecting syphilis infection among patients seeking care in a public health clinic. The study employed a retrospective, nonexperimental descriptive correlational design with data collected between 2012-2013 from ...


Brain Death: An Investigation Of Current Controversies, Meile Moore 2018 The University of Akron

Brain Death: An Investigation Of Current Controversies, Meile Moore

Honors Research Projects

Brain death is a highly debated and controversial topic spanning across several bodies of knowledge. Controversies of brain death include, but are not limited to, lack of consensus, false-positive diagnoses, residual function, public perception, and rights. Though brain death is often sensationalized by the media, distrust by the general population is warranted. The lack of consensus amongst professionals regarding brain death suggest that the American Academy of Neurology’s criterion must be revised. At the minimum, revising of the AAN criterion should focus on evolving ancillary testing, and establishing a minimum observation time before declaring death. Upon further clarification of ...


Care Team Utilization Of The Gina Guidelines To Improve Quality Of Pediatric Asthma Care, Brandy Cloud 3394054 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Care Team Utilization Of The Gina Guidelines To Improve Quality Of Pediatric Asthma Care, Brandy Cloud 3394054

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Purpose: Asthma is a chronic condition that affects millions of people, many of whom are children. There is a significant amount of evidence detailing best evidence step-by-step treatments based on severity, yet many children still have uncontrolled asthma. The comprehensive management of asthma is essential to improve health outcomes for children with asthma.

Methods: This project evaluated the implementation of the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines and assessed the barriers and facilitators present in a pediatric clinic which impact care delivery. This project Involved the implementation of an educational intervention based on the GINA guidelines to facilitate a team-based ...


Bow Hunter's Syndrome In A Patient With A Right Hypoplastic Vertebral Artery And A Dynamically Compressible Left Vertebral Artery, David Z. Cai, Ryan P. Roach, John P. Weaver, Gerald T. McGillicuddy, Zachary M. Mansell, Jonathan P. Eskander, Mark S. Eskander 2018 Tulane University

Bow Hunter's Syndrome In A Patient With A Right Hypoplastic Vertebral Artery And A Dynamically Compressible Left Vertebral Artery, David Z. Cai, Ryan P. Roach, John P. Weaver, Gerald T. Mcgillicuddy, Zachary M. Mansell, Jonathan P. Eskander, Mark S. Eskander

Open Access Articles

This is a case report of a 48-year-old man with multiple transient ischemic attacks and a known hypoplastic right vertebral artery (VA) who presented after a syncopal event while turning his head to the left. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the necessity of proper diagnosis and management of cerebrovascular pathology including imaging and surgical intervention in patients with known anatomical anomalies. This study was conducted at Massachusetts, United States of America. Our patient's history was significant for a hypoplastic right VA and a stenotic segment of the right VA at the C3-C4 junction. There was also ...


Assessment Of Falls On A Medical-Telemetry Unit, Andie Reed 2017 The University of San Francisco

Assessment Of Falls On A Medical-Telemetry Unit, Andie Reed

Master's Projects and Capstones

The purpose of this quality improvement project aimed at reducing falls on a medical-telemetry unit in a large metropolitan Magnet hospital. It was important for the MSN/CNL students to focus on falls because it is not just a concern for this institution, it is a national dilemma that needs to be addressed. Due to the complexities and intricate details of the IRB process, the MSN/CNL students were unable to collect data or further advance their project into the microsystem. Instead, information was attained from the University of San Francisco database to allow the MSN/CNL students to continue ...


Hepcidin-Mediated Iron Regulation In P19 Cells Is Detectable By Mri, Kobra Alizadeh Pourbouyeh 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Hepcidin-Mediated Iron Regulation In P19 Cells Is Detectable By Mri, Kobra Alizadeh Pourbouyeh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to track cellular activities in the body using iron-based contrast agents. However, intrinsic cellular iron handling mechanisms may also influence the detection of magnetic resonance (MR) contrast. For instance, inflammation involves downregulation of iron export in macrophages by the hormone hepcidin, due to degradation of the iron export protein, ferroportin (Fpn). We examined the effect of hepcidin on iron regulation and MR transverse relaxation rates in multi-potent P19 cells, which display high iron export activity, similar to macrophages. In response to varying conditions of iron supplementation, our results showed similar Fpn expression in ...


Clinicopathologic Consensus Study Of Gray Zone Lymphoma With Features Intermediate Between Dlbcl And Classical Hl, Monika Pilichowska, Bruce A. Woda, Elaine S. Jaffe, Andrew M. Evens 2017 Tufts Medical Center

Clinicopathologic Consensus Study Of Gray Zone Lymphoma With Features Intermediate Between Dlbcl And Classical Hl, Monika Pilichowska, Bruce A. Woda, Elaine S. Jaffe, Andrew M. Evens

Open Access Articles

Gray zone lymphoma (GZL) is described as sharing features with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, there remains complexity in establishing diagnosis, delineating prognosis, and determining optimum therapy. Sixty-eight cases diagnosed as GZL across 15 North American academic centers were evaluated by central pathology review to achieve consensus. Of these, only 26 (38%) were confirmed as GZL. Morphology was critical to GZL consensus diagnosis (eg, tumor cell richness); immunohistochemistry showed universal B-cell derivation, frequent CD30 expression, and rare Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positivity (CD20(+), 83%; PAX5(+), 100%; BCL6(+), 20%; MUM1(+), 100%; CD30(+), 92%; EBV(+), 4%). Forty-two ...


Analysis Of Diagnostic, Preventive, And Disease-Modifying Therapeutic Measures Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Ghazal Habib Havoutis 2017 Nova Southeastern University

Analysis Of Diagnostic, Preventive, And Disease-Modifying Therapeutic Measures Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Ghazal Habib Havoutis

HCNSO Student Capstones

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common late-onset neurodegenerative disorder and cause of dementia, characterized by the formation of neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaque deposits. The heterogeneous nature of the disease (both genetically and environmentally) makes it difficult to prevent or cure. Without prevention, the prevalence of AD is expected to triple by 2050. However, because the diagnosis of AD is usually preceded by years of cognitive impairment, early detection may aid in reducing prevalence. Thus, there is a need for validated diagnostic measures for early and improved diagnosis and prevention. In this review, current and ongoing classifiers of ...


Elevated Blood Pressure Is Associated With Higher Prevalence Of Low Visual Acuity Among Adolescent Males In Northeast China, Miaomiao Zhao, Wei Wang, Han Yu, Yunsheng Ma, Liqiang Zheng, Lijuan Zhang, Guiping Wu, Yingxian Sun, Jue Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Elevated Blood Pressure Is Associated With Higher Prevalence Of Low Visual Acuity Among Adolescent Males In Northeast China, Miaomiao Zhao, Wei Wang, Han Yu, Yunsheng Ma, Liqiang Zheng, Lijuan Zhang, Guiping Wu, Yingxian Sun, Jue Li

Open Access Articles

The purpose of this study is to track the trends of low visual acuity (VA) from 2005 to 2014, and to investigate its associations with systemic blood pressure (BP) components among adolescents in Northeast China. A total of 55320 students of Han nationality aged 13 to 18 years were included. There has been a significant increase in the prevalence of low VA, with 31.3% in 2005, 40.2% in 2010 and 43.4% in 2014. In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models, each 1-mm Hg increment in systolic BP (SBP) was associated with 0.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1-1 ...


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