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Between Nsaids, Local Anesthetics, And Non-Medicinal Analgesics, Which Method Is The Most Effective At Providing Pain Relief During Iud Insertions For Nulliparous And Multiparous Women?, Natali Sharma 2024 Rowan University

Between Nsaids, Local Anesthetics, And Non-Medicinal Analgesics, Which Method Is The Most Effective At Providing Pain Relief During Iud Insertions For Nulliparous And Multiparous Women?, Natali Sharma

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Objective: One major barrier for usage of intrauterine devices (IUD) includes a widespread sense of fear regarding pain during insertion of this contraception. By researching the most effective IUD insertion analgesics available and standardizing these pain management methods, women may be less fearful of obtaining IUDs.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane Library to compare methods of pain relief during IUD insertions. Outcomes measured include the pain management method used, the dosage administered, the pain experienced by patients evaluated using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) prior to insertion …


Resection And Reconstruction Of Ewing Sarcoma Of The Cuboid Utilizing Vascularized Fibular Autograft: A Case Report, Brandon Cunha, Alexandre Arkader 2024 Rowan University

Resection And Reconstruction Of Ewing Sarcoma Of The Cuboid Utilizing Vascularized Fibular Autograft: A Case Report, Brandon Cunha, Alexandre Arkader

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Ewing Sarcoma (EWS) rarely presents in the bones of the foot, and particularly in the cuboid, making it an exceedingly rare occurrence. We present the case of a 7-year-old female diagnosed with EWS of the right cuboid, detailing the management and outcomes of this rare presentation. The patient, now almost 5 years post-initial local control, exhibits restored foot function, a normalized gait, and no evidence of disease recurrence. This case underscores the potential for preserving lower extremity function and improving postoperative quality of life in rare presentations of EWS through innovative reconstruction strategies.


Doxazosin Immediate Release As Alternative Treatment For Nightmares In Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report, Danyaal Khan, Christie Richardson, Martin Forsberg 2024 Rowan University

Doxazosin Immediate Release As Alternative Treatment For Nightmares In Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report, Danyaal Khan, Christie Richardson, Martin Forsberg

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Nightmares and flashbacks are common debilitating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that can disrupt daily functioning in patients. Prazosin, an alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist, has been commonly used off-label for the treatment of PTSD intrusion symptoms, although its short half-life is limiting. Doxazosin, another alpha-1 antagonist, is starting to be investigated in the treatment of PTSD-related nightmares due to its smaller side effect profile and longer half-life. In our case report, we present a case of a patient with PTSD-related nightmares who was successfully treated with doxazosin following relapse of symptoms after discontinuation of prazosin. The success of doxazosin immediate …


Addressing Gaps In Care Through A Medical Student-Led Cancer Screening Project, Matthew Green, Hannah Ngo, Dakota B. Pastore, Jenna Zappetti, Olivia Siciliano, Meghan McQuade, John Sauer, Anne Jones 2024 Rowan University

Addressing Gaps In Care Through A Medical Student-Led Cancer Screening Project, Matthew Green, Hannah Ngo, Dakota B. Pastore, Jenna Zappetti, Olivia Siciliano, Meghan Mcquade, John Sauer, Anne Jones

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC), breast cancer (BrCa), and cervical cancer are three of the most preventable cancers. Despite the known significance for early detection and treatment, barriers to screening remain. We developed a medical student-led project to improve adherence to national cancer screening guidelines in patients across Rowan-Virtua Family Medicine (FM) practices. This study assesses the initiative’s efficacy in improving adherence to CRC, BrCa, and cervical cancer screenings.

Methods: Rowan-Virtua FM patients between the ages of 21-75 (n=735) were identified as due or up-to-date on cancer screenings based on chart review. Student volunteers were trained to contact patients to discuss …


Examining The Differences In Functional Outcomes For Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury After Acute Rehabilitation And Subacute Rehabilitation: A Review Of The Literature, Michael Rangel, Dr. Ashley Kakkanatt 2024 Rowan University

Examining The Differences In Functional Outcomes For Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury After Acute Rehabilitation And Subacute Rehabilitation: A Review Of The Literature, Michael Rangel, Dr. Ashley Kakkanatt

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the major causes of morbidity in the US [1-4]. Studies suggest TBI patients’ enrollment in a rehabilitation program strongly predicts social reintegration. The structure and outcomes of inpatient rehabilitation programs, including acute and subacute rehabilitation, are not well-delineated [5-7].

DESIGN

A structured review of current literature was conducted. Articles were screened using the search string: (post-traumatic brain injury OR post-TBI OR traumatic brain injury OR TBI) AND (acute rehabilitation OR subacute rehabilitation) AND (outcomes OR functional outcomes) NOT (outpatient OR outpatient populations) NOT (pediatric OR pediatric populations). Articles were limited to 1990 …


Case Report: Overdrive Pacing In Refractory Ventricular Tachycardia, Alyssa A. Baldini, Kishan Patel 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Overdrive Pacing In Refractory Ventricular Tachycardia, Alyssa A. Baldini, Kishan Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of a 67-year-old male who presented to the emergency department (ED) for palpitations and complaint of his automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) firing at home who had multiple episodes of persistent ventricular tachycardia (VT) during his course of stay in the ED. Patients with pacemakers and AICDs can present an additional layer of complexity when treating these conditions. Temporary overdrive pacing (TOP) should be considered as a treatment to correct refractory ventricular tachycardia in patients with implanted pacemakers and AICDs presenting to the ED.


A Case Of Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction Resulting To Megaesophagus In A 37-Year-Old Male, Dean Esma, Robin Lahr, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

A Case Of Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction Resulting To Megaesophagus In A 37-Year-Old Male, Dean Esma, Robin Lahr, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) is a major motility disorder characterized by an increase of > 15 mmHg in the integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) with or without problems in esophageal motility. This presents as dysphagia, chest pain, regurgitation, heartburn, cough, and a globus sensation, with dysphagia. Severe cases may lead to a megaesophagus causing compression of mediastinal structures.6 Its similarity to other esophageal disorders urge an investigation to improve its identification and treatment. This report presents a case of EGJOO in a 37-year-old cachectic male patient with dysphagia and vomiting, eventually determined to be EGJOO with diagnostic manometry.


Case Report: Wellens Syndrome In 28-Year-Old With Pleuritic Chest Pain, Tucker A. Ledo 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Wellens Syndrome In 28-Year-Old With Pleuritic Chest Pain, Tucker A. Ledo

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of a 28-year-old male with months of diffuse, pleuritic, intermittent, non-exertional chest pain. He had an elevated troponin and ECG showing Wellens’ syndrome and was found to have 80% LAD coronary artery occlusion and 100% apical occlusion. Identification and proper management of Wellens’ syndrome relies on being familiar with its ECG patterns. Other information such as age, cardiac risk factors, chest pain with exertion and at rest, and elevated troponin, are all helpful supplemental information, but as demonstrated in the following case report, presentations may vary or even cause as distractors to the diagnosis.


Case Report: An Emergency Department Presentation Of An Ovarian Teratoma, David Marconi, Zamron Masih 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: An Emergency Department Presentation Of An Ovarian Teratoma, David Marconi, Zamron Masih

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

A teratoma (from the Greek terato for “monster” and onkoma for “mass” or “swelling”) is a type of neoplasm composed of tissues from two or three germ layers. Mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) constitute 70% of all ovarian neoplasms. They typically present with nonspecific symptoms such as pain and nausea. They account for approximately 2% of all primary ovarian malignant cancers and are predominately diagnosed via ultrasound. Computed tomography may be necessary if malignancy is suspected. Larger size warrants a higher suspicion of malignancy. Management is symptom control and ultimately, surgical removal. Prognosis is generally excellent, provided there is no malignant …


Case Report: Dysphagia In Inclusion Body Myositis Leading To Respiratory And Gastrointestinal Complications, Veroneka Mikhail, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Dysphagia In Inclusion Body Myositis Leading To Respiratory And Gastrointestinal Complications, Veroneka Mikhail, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM) stands as a rare and complex neuromuscular disorder (NMD) characterized by progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. Among its cardinal symptoms are dysphagia and respiratory distress, which are the most common cause of death in this disease. While the differential diagnosis of respiratory distress is vast and includes aspiration, pneumonia, acute coronary syndrome, emphysema, and congestive heart failure, a clinician should recognize that respiratory distress can also be secondary to dysphagia in NMDs like IBM and can quickly become life threating. Here we present the case of a 68-year-old female with a history of IBM who presented …


Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage In A 29-Year-Old Male: A Case Report, MD Fateha, Caroline Nguyen, Michael A. Morris 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage In A 29-Year-Old Male: A Case Report, Md Fateha, Caroline Nguyen, Michael A. Morris

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage is rare, especially in a young patient population. Signs and symptoms of intracranial hemorrhage include facial droop, vision loss, motor deficits with extraocular movements, deficits with tongue movement, weakness in the arms or legs, sensation loss, and mental status change. This is a case report of a 29-year-old male with no past medical history who presented for a spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. This patient's only neurologic deficit was the loss of visual field on the left inferior quadrant of his field of vision. The patient obtained a CT head non-contrast which showed 21 mm acute right occipital hemorrhage …


Complications Following Hemivertebrectomy For Congenital Scoliosis, Sanjana Davuluri, Taemin Oh, Kyrillos Akhnoukh, Zachary Weingrad, Michael Lesgart, Terrence Ishmael, Joshua Pahys, Amer Samdani, Steven Hwang 2024 Rowan University

Complications Following Hemivertebrectomy For Congenital Scoliosis, Sanjana Davuluri, Taemin Oh, Kyrillos Akhnoukh, Zachary Weingrad, Michael Lesgart, Terrence Ishmael, Joshua Pahys, Amer Samdani, Steven Hwang

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction:

Hemivertebrae are rare congenital anomalies that can cause severe scoliosis requiring surgical correction. We aimed to determine whether severity of deformities is associated with more long-term surgical complications following surgical correction.

Methods:

We performed a retrospective, single-institution review on patients who underwent hemivertebrectomy and spinal fusion for congenital scoliosis between 2008-2020. We extracted pertinent data on demographics, radiographic parameters, operative details, and complication rates. Subgroup analyses were also done by complication severity, deformity complexity, and construct length.

Results:

In our series, 30 patients underwent hemivertebrectomy and fusion. Mean age was 9±4.2 years and there was 2:1 male preponderance, with …


Case Report: Pneumoperitoneum In The Setting Of Altered Mental Status, Aloysius C. Ibe, Neelesh Parikh, Robin Lahr 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Pneumoperitoneum In The Setting Of Altered Mental Status, Aloysius C. Ibe, Neelesh Parikh, Robin Lahr

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of an 80-year-old female who presented to the emergency department as altered mental status and diagnosed with pneumoperitoneum requiring immediate surgical intervention. The differential for altered mental status is vast but for a patient who was initially hypoglycemic on ED arrival, suspected drug overdose was at the forefront until the patient was intubated for airway protection and chest radiograph for confirmatory endotracheal tube placement showed pneumoperitoneum.


A Rare Presentation: Intracranial Hemorrhage As A Symptom Of Acute Leukemic Transformation In A 23-Year Old Male, Kelsey M. Murray, Kishan Patel 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

A Rare Presentation: Intracranial Hemorrhage As A Symptom Of Acute Leukemic Transformation In A 23-Year Old Male, Kelsey M. Murray, Kishan Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

This case highlights the urgency of considering acute leukemic transformation in young patients presenting with neurological deficits, emphasizing the importance of prompt evaluation and management to optimize patient outcomes. The case depicted is a tragic complication of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) and its acute blast crisis. Remarkably, the patient exhibited none of the typical constitutional symptoms associated with CML.


‘Not So Atypical’: An Atypical Presentation Of West Nile Virus And Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Matthew Orap, Sana Tahir, Ugonna Ononuju, Naresh Kumar 2024 Rowan University

‘Not So Atypical’: An Atypical Presentation Of West Nile Virus And Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Matthew Orap, Sana Tahir, Ugonna Ononuju, Naresh Kumar

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is defined by acute areflexic paralysis, usually starting in the distal lower extremities, and ascending to the upper extremities. It is associated with albuminocytologic dissociation, which involves elevated protein levels and normal cell counts in the cerebrospinal fluid. One of the types of GBS, called Miller-Fischer Syndrome (MFS), is characterized by ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. This case report focuses on a 49-year-old male with an atypical presentation of Guillain-Barre syndrome. Guillain-Barre syndrome can be classically caused by Campylobacter jejuni. However, there can be other infectious causes as well, namely Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, Varicella-Zoster virus, …


National Inpatient Sample Analysis: Examining Clinical Outcomes In Cardiac Ablation Patients With Hyperlipidemia, Tony Elias, Mena Elmalh, Kyrillos Girgis, Taha Syed, Rafail Beshai 2024 Rowan University

National Inpatient Sample Analysis: Examining Clinical Outcomes In Cardiac Ablation Patients With Hyperlipidemia, Tony Elias, Mena Elmalh, Kyrillos Girgis, Taha Syed, Rafail Beshai

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background Cardiac ablation, utilizing radiofrequency or cryoablation, is a therapeutic approach for correcting abnormal heart rhythms by disrupting specific electrical pathways within the heart. Despite the growing utilization of cardiac ablation, limited research exists on the impact of hyperlipidemia, a prevalent cardiovascular risk factor, on outcomes in patients undergoing this procedure. Previous studies underscore the importance of understanding how comorbid conditions, such as hyperlipidemia, influence the efficacy and safety of cardiac ablation.1,2 Consequently, this study aimed to leverage the national inpatient sample database to investigate in-hospital outcomes among cardiac ablation patients with hyperlipidemia.

Methods Data from the National Inpatient Sample …


Case Report: Varicella Zoster Virus Encephalitis Presenting With Monochorea, Chetna Thawani, Frank Wheeler 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Varicella Zoster Virus Encephalitis Presenting With Monochorea, Chetna Thawani, Frank Wheeler

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Meningoencephalitis is a broad range of symptoms as a sequela of inflammation of the CNS system. It is a diagnosis that is often missed, especially in atypical presentations. We describe a case of HSV encephalitis that presented to the ER afebrile with atypical arm movements, most similar to a monochorea, and discuss other cases in the literature of atypical presentations of this disease.


Morel Lavallee Lesion: A Shear Fascia-Nating Soft Tissue Injury, Isaac F. Su, James A. Espinosa, Alan A. Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Morel Lavallee Lesion: A Shear Fascia-Nating Soft Tissue Injury, Isaac F. Su, James A. Espinosa, Alan A. Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Morel-Lavallée lesions (MLLs), first described by their namesake, French physician Victor-Auguste-François Morel-Lavallée, in 1863, represent a distinct category of soft-tissue degloving injuries. These injuries occur when a shearing force disrupts the connection between subcutaneous tissue and fascia, severing lymphatic vessels and capillaries, and leading to an encapsulated collection of lymph, blood, and necrotic fat. Because this space is deep and enclosed, the fluid accumulation cannot easily drain or resolve spontaneously and often an inflammatory capsule develops, further inhibiting resorption. Undiagnosed, patients go on to develop chronic pain, infection, skin necrosis, progressive neurovascular deficits, and, in severe cases, potential loss of …


Back From Baclofen: A Case Report Of Baclofen Overdose, Alexis M. Dunn, Andrew M. Vasta, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Back From Baclofen: A Case Report Of Baclofen Overdose, Alexis M. Dunn, Andrew M. Vasta, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of a 45-year-old female who presented with intentional Baclofen overdose. The patient was lethargic and then quickly unresponsive and hypotensive, intubated by EMS in the field. By the time the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), the patient was clinically brain dead. After several days of supportive care, patient slowly, and miraculously, regained full neurologic functioning and was admitted to the Psychiatric Unit.


Use Of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of Postpartum Cardiomyopathy, Muhammad Noman, Frank A. Wheeler, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Use Of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of Postpartum Cardiomyopathy, Muhammad Noman, Frank A. Wheeler, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Postpartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), also known as peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare form of heart failure (HF) that occurs in the late stages of pregnancy or in the early postpartum period. For it to be classified as PPCM, it must occur in the absence of another identifiable cause for HF and have left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction with an LV ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 45%. Here we present the case of a 46-year-old female G3P2 presented 5 days postpartum cesarean section delivery in acute respiratory distress where point of care ultrasound was used for assessment of the lungs to visualize …


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