Ultrasound Use In Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Review, 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University; Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Ultrasound Use In Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Review, Ravindra Gopaul, Gonzalo Bearman, Michael P. Stevens
Journal of Global Radiology
Purpose: Over the past decade, ultrasound (US) machines have become smaller, less expensive, more reliable, durable and user-friendly, making ultrasonography an ideal imaging modality in resource-poor settings. We conducted a literature review to examine the use of ultrasound in resource-limited settings, with emphasis on common applications, barriers to implementation, and impact on clinical decision-making and patient disposition.
Methods and Materials: Literature review. We conducted a PubMed and Cochrane Central search on the clinical use of ultrasound in the developing world. Search terms included ultrasonography, developing countries, resource limited, remote setting, poverty, and low income. Articles from 2000 to 2015 that ...
The Wilbarger Protocol, 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
The Wilbarger Protocol, Brittany Hatlestad
Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works
Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is ever-increasing in children with and without disabilities. The prevalence of such a diagnosis has given rise to many different therapeutic practices. The most prescriptive, the Wilbarger protocol, will be the topic of this technique and literature review with discussions of what sensory problems are, the Wilbarger protocol, the deep pressure and proprioceptive portion of the protocol, oral tactile techniques, mechanisms of the protocol, the limitations, other options for treatment, and will conclude by looking to future research.
Hand Issues On Scleroderma Patients, 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)
Hand Issues On Scleroderma Patients, Ana Font Hernandez
Publications and Research
Based on the design of a 3D-printed spoon prototype, we surveyed scleroderma patients about the device's value. 75% of patients mentioned having problems on their hands due to scleroderma. 85% of patients said their hand form changed because of the disease. Answers to the frequency or speed of the changes provide inconclusive results. The 3D printing technology has the potential to solve specific issues scleroderma patients face in their daily lives. Nevertheless, further research is needed to fully understand how hands shape change over time.
The Canady Helios Cold Plasma Scalpel Significantly Decreases Viability In Malignant Solid Tumor Cells In A Dose-Dependent Manner, 2018 Jerome Canady Research Institute for Advanced Biological and Technological Sciences
The Canady Helios Cold Plasma Scalpel Significantly Decreases Viability In Malignant Solid Tumor Cells In A Dose-Dependent Manner, Warren Rowe, Xiaoqian Cheng, Lawan Ly, Taisen Zhuang, Giacomo Basadonna, Barry Trink, Michael Keidar, Jerome Canady
Open Access Articles
To determine appropriate treatment doses of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP), the Canady Helios Cold Plasma Scalpel was tested across numerous cancer cell types including renal adenocarcinoma, colorectal carcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Various CAP doses were tested consisting of both high (3 L/min) and low (1 L/min) helium flow rates, several power settings, and a range of treatment times up to 5 min. The impact of cold plasma on the reduction of viability was consistently dose-dependent; however, the anti-cancer capability varied significantly between cell lines. While the lowest effective dose varied from cell line to ...
Objective Measurement Of Physical Activity Outcomes In Lifestyle Interventions Among Adults: A Systematic Review, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Objective Measurement Of Physical Activity Outcomes In Lifestyle Interventions Among Adults: A Systematic Review, Valerie J. Silfee, Christina Haughton, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine N. May, Meera Sreedhara, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephanie Lemon
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications
Valid, reliable, and direct measures of physical activity (PA) are critical to assessing the impact of lifestyle PA interventions. However, little is known about the extent to which objective measures have been used to assess the outcomes of lifestyle PA interventions. This systematic review had two aims: 1) evaluate the extent to which PA is measured objectively in lifestyle PA interventions targeting adults and 2) explore and summarize what objective measures have been used and what PA dimensions and metrics have been reported. Pubmed, Cochrane Central Register, and PsychInfo were searched for lifestyle PA interventions conducted between 2006 and 2016 ...
Evaluation Of Cardiomems Heart Failure Device, 2018 George Washington University
Evaluation Of Cardiomems Heart Failure Device, Danielle Moe, Msn, Rn
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Background: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition where the heart cannot pump enough blood to adequately oxygenate cells. The CardioMEMS HF device is implanted into the pulmonary artery (PA) allowing practitioners to monitor pressures remotely and prescribe interventions. Objectives: The primary purpose of this project was to determine if CardioMEMS is an effective intervention in the reduction of hospital admissions, emergency department (ED), and clinic visits for HF patients. The secondary purpose was to determine if the quality of life (QOL) and exercise tolerance was improved post-implant. Methods: The author conducted a retrospective chart review by accessing previously compiled ...
In Vitro Cytocompatibility Of Antibacterial Levels Of Polymer Nitric Oxide Release, 2018 University of New Haven
In Vitro Cytocompatibility Of Antibacterial Levels Of Polymer Nitric Oxide Release, Rana Gbyli, Christina Zito, Kagya Amoako
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications
Although the antibacterial property of nitric oxide (NO) has been well documented in gram positive and gram negative bacteria cultures, its cytotoxic effects are not completely clear. To limit potential in vivo cytotoxicity, our group recently investigated the effects of a range of NO fluxes on S. epidermidis and S. aureus to determine a minimum effective NO level. In this study, we report the antibacterial function of this minimum NO level also on gram negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa as well as its cytocompatibility effects on lung and kidney cells. Standardized bacterial cultures were treated with NO releasing PDMS substrates followed by ...
Comparing Efficacy Of Lumen-Apposing Stents To Plastic Stents In The Endoscopic Management Of Mature Peripancreatic Fluid Collections: A Single-Center Experience, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Comparing Efficacy Of Lumen-Apposing Stents To Plastic Stents In The Endoscopic Management Of Mature Peripancreatic Fluid Collections: A Single-Center Experience, Matthew J. Fasullo, Yasir Al-Azzawai, Joan Kheder, Jeffrey Abergel, Wahid Y. Wassef
Open Access Articles
Introduction: Mature peripancreatic fluid collection (MPFC) is a known and often challenging consequence of acute pancreatitis and often requires intervention. The most common method accepted is the "step-up approach," which consists of percutaneous drainage followed, if necessary, by minimally invasive retroperitoneal necrosectomy. Our paper aims to distinguish between plastic stents and lumen-apposing stents in the endoscopic management of MPFC in terms of morbidity, mortality, and haste of fluid collection resolution.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed at UMass Memorial Medical Center in patients with a diagnosis of MPFC. Utilizing medical records, clinical data, radiology, as well as endoscopic evidence, patients ...
Assistive Utensil: A Spork For Hand Tremors And Spatial Awareness, 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)
Assistive Utensil: A Spork For Hand Tremors And Spatial Awareness, Ana Font Hernandez, Jacob Kabariti, Troy Taylor
Publications and Research
In this poster, we present a 3D printed solution for hand tremors and special awareness. Our spork is an assistive device designed and 3D printed for patients suffering from scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, drug withdrawal, etc. The scale-based handle will act as a counterweight to offset the contents on the other end and reduce shakiness. The larger grip allows an easy and comfortable hold. The product will be 3D printed for a customizable fit and at an affordable price. Lastly, the product will include a haptic feedback sensor to assist the visually impaired in locating food contents ...
A Novel Programming Language To Reduce Energy Consumption By Arrhythmia Monitoring Algorithms In Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators, Houssam Abbas, Konstantinos Mamouras, Alena Rodionova, Alur Rajeev, Jackson Liang, Sanjay Dixit, Rahul Mangharam
Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)
No abstract provided.
Policy Of Current Hospital Translation Services And Recommendations For Future Adjustments For Spanish-Speaking Patients, 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Policy Of Current Hospital Translation Services And Recommendations For Future Adjustments For Spanish-Speaking Patients, Isidora Rose Beach
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
The Test-Retest Reliability Of Erp Components As Assessed By The Brief Neurometric Battery, 2018 The College of William and Mary
The Test-Retest Reliability Of Erp Components As Assessed By The Brief Neurometric Battery, James D. Cole, Paul Kieffaber
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Electroencephalography (EEG) has been a crucial component of neuropsychological research for nearly a century. Recent applications of the EEG recordings in a clinical setting have demonstrated a range of diagnostic and prognostic uses. Certain changes in event-related potentials (ERP) have been linked to the effects of different neurological conditions and can be accurately used to determine the severity of those conditions. However, in order to assess the stability of these ERP recordings over an extended period of time, one must first establish their statistical test-retest reliability. Using a novel Brief Neurometric Battery we assessed seven different ERP components in twenty ...
Determining The Scope Of Attacks On Health In Four Governorates Of Syria In 2016: Results Of A Field Surveillance Program, 2018 University of California - Berkeley
Determining The Scope Of Attacks On Health In Four Governorates Of Syria In 2016: Results Of A Field Surveillance Program, Rohini J. Haar, Casey B. Risko, Sonal Singh, Diana Rayes, Ahmad Albaik, Mohammed Alnajar, Mazen Kewara, Emily Clouse, Elise Baker, Leonard S. Rubenstein
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Violent attacks on and interferences with hospitals, ambulances, health workers, and patients during conflict destroy vital health services during a time when they are most needed and undermine the long-term capacity of the health system. In Syria, such attacks have been frequent and intense and represent grave violations of the Geneva Conventions, but the number reported has varied considerably. A systematic mechanism to document these attacks could assist in designing more protection strategies and play a critical role in influencing policy, promoting justice, and addressing the health needs of the population.
METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed a mobile data ...
Using Support Vector Machines On Photoplethysmographic Signals To Discriminate Between Hypovolemia And Euvolemia, 2018 University of Connecticut - Storrs
Using Support Vector Machines On Photoplethysmographic Signals To Discriminate Between Hypovolemia And Euvolemia, Natasa Reljin, Gary Zimmer, Yelena Malyuta, Kirk Shelley, Yitzhak Mendelson, David J. Blehar, Chad E. Darling, Ki H. Chon
Open Access Articles
Identifying trauma patients at risk of imminent hemorrhagic shock is a challenging task in intraoperative and battlefield settings given the variability of traditional vital signs, such as heart rate and blood pressure, and their inability to detect blood loss at an early stage. To this end, we acquired N = 58 photoplethysmographic (PPG) recordings from both trauma patients with suspected hemorrhage admitted to the hospital, and healthy volunteers subjected to blood withdrawal of 0.9 L. We propose four features to characterize each recording: goodness of fit (r2), the slope of the trend line, percentage change, and the absolute change between ...
In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, 2018 College of St. Scholastica
In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, Alexandra L. Borstad, Roger Crawfis, Kala Phillips, Linda Pax Lowes, David Maung, Ryan Mcpherson, Amelia Siles, Lise Worthen-Chaudhari, Lynne V. Gauthier
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: People with chronic hemiparesis are frequently dissatisfied with the recovery of their hand and arm, yet many lack access to effective treatments. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) effectively increases arm function and spontaneous use in persons with chronic hemiparesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and measure safety and outcomes of an in-home model of delivering CI therapy using a custom, avatar-based virtual reality game.
Methods: Seventeen individuals with chronic hemiparesis participated in this pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design study. The 10-day intervention had three components: 1) high-repetition motor practice using virtual reality gaming; 2) constraint ...
Usability And Reliability Of Smart Glasses For Secondary Triage During Mass Casualty Incidents, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Usability And Reliability Of Smart Glasses For Secondary Triage During Mass Casualty Incidents, John Broach, Alexander Hart, Matthew Griswold, Jeffrey T. Lai, Edward W. Boyer, Aaron B. Skolnik, Peter R. Chai
Emergency Medicine Publications and Presentations
Wearable smart glasses like Google Glass provide real-time video and image transmission to remote viewers. The use of Google Glass and other Augmented Reality (AR) platforms in mass casualty incidents (MCIs) can provide incident commanders and physicians at receiving hospitals real-time data regarding injuries sustained by victims at the scene. This real-time data is critical to allocation of hospital resources prior to receiving victims of a MCI. Remote physician participation in real-time MCI care prior to victims' hospital arrival may improve triage, and direct emergency and critical care services to those most in need. We report the use of Google ...
Optimizing Inhaler Technique, 2018 Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont
Optimizing Inhaler Technique, Ruby L. Russell
Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects
Studies show that correct patient technique using inhalers is correlated to the number of times they are taught and reminded by a health care professional. As a step toward addressing this problem, I propose increasing inhaler use teaching, utilizing EMR tools as well as online modules, and increasing the comfort of providers with teaching inhaler use. This may be achieved through the use of PRISM dot phrases titled .INHALERNAME, accessing teaching videos during a patient visit, and having patients demonstrate technique at each visit.
Device Therapies Among Patients Receiving Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators In The Cardiovascular Research Network, Robert T. Greenlee, Alan S. Go, Pamela N. Peterson, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow, Charles Gaber, Romel Garcia-Montilla, Alan H. Kadish
Office of the President Publications and Research
BACKGROUND: Primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) reduce mortality in selected patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction by delivering therapies (antitachycardia pacing or shocks) to terminate potentially lethal arrhythmias; inappropriate therapies also occur. We assessed device therapies among adults receiving primary prevention ICDs in 7 healthcare systems.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We linked medical record data, adjudicated device therapies, and the National Cardiovascular Data Registry ICD Registry. Survival analysis evaluated therapy probability and predictors after ICD implant from 2006 to 2009, with attention to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Coverage With Evidence Development subgroups: left ventricular ejection fraction, 31% to 35 ...
Evaluation Of Individual And Combined Markers Of Urine Dipstick Parameters And Total Lymphocyte Count As A Substitute For Cd4 Count In Low-Resource Communities In Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Acheampong, Bright Amankwaa, Bright Oppong Afranie, Sampson Donkor, Isaac Hope, Juliana Jommo, Esther Osaah
ECU Publications Post 2013
We evaluated the individual and combined levels of urine dipstick and total lymphocyte count (TLC) as surrogate markers for CD4 count in a low-resource community in Ghana. This cross-sectional study recruited 200 HIV-infected patients from the Saint Francis Xavier Hospital, Assin Fosu, Ghana. Complete blood count, CD4 count, and urine dipstick analysis were measured for participants. The threshold values were determined as/
Rebooting Diffusion Mri Uncertainty Distributions In The Presence Of Outliers With Roboot [Accepted Manuscript], 2018 Australian Catholic University
Rebooting Diffusion Mri Uncertainty Distributions In The Presence Of Outliers With Roboot [Accepted Manuscript], Viljami Sairanen, Derek Kenton Jones, Alexander Leemans, Chantal M. W. Tax
Faculty of Health Sciences Publications
Characterizing uncertainty distributions in diffusion MRI derived metrics such as fractional anisotropy or kurtosis anisotropy requires non-parametric approaches, since the correct form of the distribution is rarely known a priori. Previously suggested wild bootstrapping methods, however, have not considered the impact of outliers in the data. In this work, we updated the existing wild bootstrap methodology to consider outliers detected by a robust model estimator, adopting a strategy similar to the rejection of the outliers prior to the model estimate. Additionally, we used simulations based on real human data to demonstrate the benefits of our pipeline for recovering uncertainty distributions.