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Polypharmacy And Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing In Geriatric Population, Maryam Burney, Barry Brown, Victoria Nguyen, Garrett Furth, Ambreen I. Ahmed 2024 HCA Healthcare

Polypharmacy And Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing In Geriatric Population, Maryam Burney, Barry Brown, Victoria Nguyen, Garrett Furth, Ambreen I. Ahmed

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Polypharmacy is a ubiquitous concern among patients, especially geriatric patients, who are at a higher risk of clinical burden. It is associated with an increase in healthcare costs, decreased functional status, and adverse drug events, contributing to geriatric syndromes, such as falls, cognitive decline, and urinary retention. Geriatric care is multi-tiered, requiring assistance and care from a thorough physician who is attune to the potential risks of medications that are commonly prescribed. Smaller communities, often with less resources and clinical providers and with an aging population, especially at the hospital setting, are vulnerable to oversights when it comes to medication …


Efektivitas Sacubitril/Valsartan Dalam Mencegah Gagal Jantung Pada Stemi Pasca Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Nobian Andre, Lana Adila, Aulia Rizka, Lusiani Rusdi 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Efektivitas Sacubitril/Valsartan Dalam Mencegah Gagal Jantung Pada Stemi Pasca Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Nobian Andre, Lana Adila, Aulia Rizka, Lusiani Rusdi

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Heart failure is a possible complication following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) even after revascularization. Neuroendocrine activation in the process of ventricular remodeling can be regulated by angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) as well as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. The use of ARNI in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction has been found to be superior to ACE inhibitor. The role of ARNI on cardiac function in STEMI has not been established. A clinician treating a patient with STEMI considered giving sacubitril/valsartan to reduce the risk of developing heart failure. Literature search was performed in three electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane. …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Amondys 45 (Casimersen), A Novel Antisense Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomer: Clinical Considerations For Treatment In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Megan E. Vasterling, Rebecca J. Maitski, Brice A. Davis, Julie E. Barnes, Rucha A. Kelkar, Rachel J. Klapper, Hirni Patel, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Amondys 45 (Casimersen), A Novel Antisense Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomer: Clinical Considerations For Treatment In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Megan E. Vasterling, Rebecca J. Maitski, Brice A. Davis, Julie E. Barnes, Rucha A. Kelkar, Rachel J. Klapper, Hirni Patel, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

AMONDYS 45 (casimersen) is an antisense oligonucleotide therapy used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare genetic disorder characterized by a mutation in the DMD gene. Symptoms include progressive muscle weakness, respiratory and cardiac complications, and premature death. Casimersen targets a specific mutation in the DMD gene that results in the absence of dystrophin protein, a key structural component of muscle fibers. While there is currently no cure for DMD, exon-skipping therapy works by restoring the reading frame of the mutated gene, allowing the production of a partially functional dystrophin protein. Clinical trials of casimersen have shown promising results …


Getting Off On The Right Foot: Addressing Severe Lymphedema Through A Novel Shoe Design, Carl R. Russell III, Anjollie M. Ramakrishna, Christopher H. Johns III, Alana V. van Wijnen 2023 Purdue University

Getting Off On The Right Foot: Addressing Severe Lymphedema Through A Novel Shoe Design, Carl R. Russell Iii, Anjollie M. Ramakrishna, Christopher H. Johns Iii, Alana V. Van Wijnen

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Engineering Projects in Community Service (EPICS) is a service-learning design program run by the College of Engineering at Purdue University. EPICS teaches students design skills by providing solutions for individuals, communities, and organizations in the surrounding area while mirroring engineering industry standards. Biomedical Engineering is a team within EPICS that strives to serve community partners through biomedical applications. HR is a patient who suffers from severe lymphedema. This condition results in her foot swelling three times its original size and requires her to utilize weekly leg compression therapy. Prescription shoes are slightly adequate. However, they lead to sores and pain …


Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund 2023 James Madison University

Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: Assess the 5 year local recurrence rate of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) in relation to the conventional treatment of external breast radiotherapy (EBRT) in eligible females diagnosed with breast cancer over age 40.

Design: Systematic literature review.

Methods: PubMed was searched using the following limits and terms: breast neoplasms, intraoperative radiotherapy, randomized control trial, clinical trial, females, English, and published in the last 10 years.

Results: Three studies were found to directly compare IORT and EBRT regarding 5 year local recurrence rates.

Conclusion: IORT was shown to be non-inferior to EBRT in two of the three studies that were examined; …


Focused Assessment With Sonography Exams Vs Ct Scan, Anne Kresge, Charlotte Mueller, Briar Tures 2023 James Madison University

Focused Assessment With Sonography Exams Vs Ct Scan, Anne Kresge, Charlotte Mueller, Briar Tures

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Blunt trauma is a common reason patients present to the emergency department. Providers must evaluate these patients quickly to get them the correct treatment, especially for intra-abdominal bleeding. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) exams are growing in use to evaluate trauma patients for free fluid in the abdomen. To be valuable to emergency providers, it must be known how FAST exams compare to the gold standard evaluation, computed tomography (CT) scans. Searches were done on Pubmed and Scopus databases using terms “focused assessment with sonography for trauma” and “FAST exam CT blunt abdominal trauma.” Limits were added to …


Glaucoma Neovascular, Una De Las Consecuencias De La Oclusión De La Vena Central De La Retina, Nicol Daniela Jiménez Rojas 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Glaucoma Neovascular, Una De Las Consecuencias De La Oclusión De La Vena Central De La Retina, Nicol Daniela Jiménez Rojas

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

Objetivo. Estudiar y describir la relación entre la oclusión de la vena central de la retina y el glaucoma neovascular, su etiología, epidemiología, fisiopatología, factores de riesgo, presentación clínica y tratamientos. Metodología. Revisión de la literatura acerca del glaucoma neovascular secundario a oclusión de la vena central de la retina, tomando artículos comprendidos entre 2014 y 2022, con criterios de exclusión artículos de series de casos. Resultados. El glaucoma neovascular (GNV) es una afectación patológica ocular, secundaria a una afección ocular y/o sistémica hipóxica que conduce a isquemia retiniana, dentro de las etiologías más comunes (33 %) se encuentra la …


Impacto De La Pandemia Por Covid-19 En La Decisión De Los Pacientes Sometidos A Cirugía Refractiva En Una Institución Privada En Bogotá, Colombia, Juliana Palacio Varona, Brian Pérez Riaño, María Paula Castro Mora, María Andrea Estevez Florez, Luis Guillermo Isaza Gómez, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez 2023 Universidad El Bosque

Impacto De La Pandemia Por Covid-19 En La Decisión De Los Pacientes Sometidos A Cirugía Refractiva En Una Institución Privada En Bogotá, Colombia, Juliana Palacio Varona, Brian Pérez Riaño, María Paula Castro Mora, María Andrea Estevez Florez, Luis Guillermo Isaza Gómez, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

En el 2020, durante la pandemia por covid-19, disminuyeron los procedimientos en los centros de cirugía refractiva, pero resurgieron para octubre de ese mismo año, ya que aumentaron un 4 % en comparación con el 2019. Existe una información limitada sobre el impacto de la pandemia en la realización de cirugías y la razón que obedece a dicho aumento. Objetivo: identificar el efecto de la pandemia por covid-19 en la cirugía refractiva mediante la delimitación de las principales motivaciones para la realización del procedimiento. Métodos: estudio descriptivo observacional de corte transversal, por medio de la respuesta de un cuestionario sobre …


Prevalencia De Astenopia En Niños Escolares De 6 A 17 Años, Por El Uso De Pantallas Digitales Durante La Pandemia Por Covid-19 (2020-2022): Revisión Sistemática, Jenny Paola Acosta Castellanos, Nancy Piedad Molina-Montoya 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Prevalencia De Astenopia En Niños Escolares De 6 A 17 Años, Por El Uso De Pantallas Digitales Durante La Pandemia Por Covid-19 (2020-2022): Revisión Sistemática, Jenny Paola Acosta Castellanos, Nancy Piedad Molina-Montoya

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

Introducción: El uso de dispositivos electrónicos es primordial en la vida cotidiana a nivel mundial y gracias a la emergencia sanitaria por COVID-19 se incrementó, obligando a los estudiantes a tomar clases virtuales, y esto aumento la prevalencia de astenopia. Objetivo General: Determinar la prevalencia de astenopia reportada por la literatura en niños escolares de 6 a 17 años, por el uso de pantallas digitales durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Método de Investigación: Se realizo una revisión sistemática cualitativa mediante la pregunta PECO; la búsqueda bibliográfica de realizo en bases las bases de datos, con ecuaciones construidas con palabras clave …


Preoperative Computed Tomography Scan In Distal Radius Fractures And The Effect On Preoperative Planning, Adam L. Haydel, Ryan C. Roubion, Cristina T. Graphia, Corinne E. Cloud, Claudia Leonardi, Christopher E. Marrero 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Preoperative Computed Tomography Scan In Distal Radius Fractures And The Effect On Preoperative Planning, Adam L. Haydel, Ryan C. Roubion, Cristina T. Graphia, Corinne E. Cloud, Claudia Leonardi, Christopher E. Marrero

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose: It is unclear whether computed tomography (CT) scans alter the surgical plan when ordered before surgery for fixation of intra-articular distal radius fractures (DRFs). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative CT scan alters the planned approach (PA) or planned fixation strategy (PFS) for open reduction internal fixation of intra-articular DRFs. Methods: Radiology records were retrospectively reviewed by one trauma surgeon and two hand surgeons for 33 intra-articular DRFs that met the inclusion criteria and previously underwent open reduction internal fixation. Surgeons were initially provided only preoperative radiographs; they were asked for their PA and …


Secondary Electrons And Compton X-Ray Generation In Solid And Heated Biological Sample In The Presence Of Radiologic Contrast Media, Vanessa Robinson, Daler Djuraev, Fatima Ahmed 2023 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Secondary Electrons And Compton X-Ray Generation In Solid And Heated Biological Sample In The Presence Of Radiologic Contrast Media, Vanessa Robinson, Daler Djuraev, Fatima Ahmed

Publications and Research

Our goal is identification of secondary electrons and Compton photons when externally infused radiological contrast from iodine and gadolinium interferes with calcium and iron in tissues. This could help develop next generation of x-ray methods as well as mechanistic understanding of toxic effects of radiology contrast materials on living tissue and agriculture. Changes in tissue minerals over time, aging and heat stress are manipulated in our experiments by infusing imaging contrast agents that consist of large atoms like Gadolinium and Iodine. These have chelation properties to alter electron distribution of proteins and carbohydrates of biological matrix. Our experiments try to …


Alt Free Flap Coverage After Carotid Endarterectomy In The Setting Of Severe Radiation Changes, Richard F. Guidry, Hannah E. Doran, Mark W. Stalder 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Alt Free Flap Coverage After Carotid Endarterectomy In The Setting Of Severe Radiation Changes, Richard F. Guidry, Hannah E. Doran, Mark W. Stalder

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty is commonly performed for severe atherosclerotic disease to reduce stroke risk. After neck radiation, loss of tissue planes; reactive fibrosis of skin; contraction; and rarely, necrosis of skin may occur, leading to severe wound complications and possible exposure of carotid artery reconstruction. Historically, local myocutaneous flaps have been performed to provide soft tissue coverage; however, these procedures may be associated with increased donor site morbidity and can be affected by radiation changes. This report describes the novel use of a fasciocutaneous free flap for durable vascularized soft tissue, and the associated secondary benefit of improved …


Variability In Provider Assessment Of Sepsis And Potential Of Host Response Technology To Address This Dilemma—Results Of An Online Delphi Study, Chadd K. Kraus, Hollis R. O’Neal, Nathan A. Ledeboer, Todd W. Rice, Wesley H. Self, Richard E. Rothman 2023 University of South Florida (USF) Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa

Variability In Provider Assessment Of Sepsis And Potential Of Host Response Technology To Address This Dilemma—Results Of An Online Delphi Study, Chadd K. Kraus, Hollis R. O’Neal, Nathan A. Ledeboer, Todd W. Rice, Wesley H. Self, Richard E. Rothman

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Potentially septic patients have a huge clinical and economic impact on hospitals and often present to the emergency department (ED) with undifferentiated symptoms. The triage of these patients is complex and has historically relied heavily upon provider judgment. This study aims to evaluate the consistency of provider judgment and the potential of a new host response sepsis test to aid in the triage process. A modified Delphi study involving 26 participants from multiple specialties was conducted to evaluate provider agreement about sepsis risk and to test proposed actions based on the results of a sepsis test. The participants considered case …


Art Of Aging – A Portraiture Study, Alaina Mann 2023 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Art Of Aging – A Portraiture Study, Alaina Mann

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The process of aging can be viewed through different lenses within our society. In the past, scientists and medical professionals performed various studies to better understand and analyze different facets of aging, medicine, and health in general. Historically the arts have reflected multiple aspects of medicine and treatments while more recently, the arts have been used in a research capacity to provide different ways to represent illness, suffering, and care. This study used art-based research methods and portraiture to gather qualitative observations on the older populations within our community. Data collected included drawings, a field journal, and interviews. This study …


Using Noninvasive Calibrated Cuff Plethysmography To Observe The Effects Of Cold-Water Immersion On Arterial Compliance, Rita M. Grigorian 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Using Noninvasive Calibrated Cuff Plethysmography To Observe The Effects Of Cold-Water Immersion On Arterial Compliance, Rita M. Grigorian

Biomedical Engineering: Graduate Reports and Projects

As the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases continues to exponentially grow in populations across the globe, the necessity of determining underlying factors, effective methods of diagnoses, and universally available preventive measures also grows. Early detection of endothelial dysfunction, a proven precursor of cardiovascular diseases, can be extremely impactful in encouraging preventative measures and early intervention before medical conditions become chronic. In recent years, ice plunging, a form of cryotherapy involving full body immersion in cold water, has gained popularity within circles of fitness and health practitioners, gaining the interest of people of all backgrounds. Certain parallels observed between the human physiological …


Raman Spectroscopic Analysis Of Human Serum Samples Of Convalescing Covid-19 Positive Patients, Hugh Byrne, Naomi Jackson, Jaythoon Hassan 2023 Technological University Dublin

Raman Spectroscopic Analysis Of Human Serum Samples Of Convalescing Covid-19 Positive Patients, Hugh Byrne, Naomi Jackson, Jaythoon Hassan

Articles

Rapid screening, detection and monitoring of viral infection is of critical importance, as exemplified by the rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2, leading to the worldwide pandemic of COVID-19. This is equally the case for the stages of patient convalescence as for the initial stages of infection, to understand the medium and long terms effects, as well as the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Optical spectroscopic techniques potentially offer an alternative to currently employed techniques of screening for the presence, or the response to infection. In this study, the ability of Raman spectroscopy to distinguish between samples of the serum of convalescent COVID-19 …


Assessing Virtual Versus In-Person Experiential Learning And Medical High-Fidelity Simulation In Medical Student Pediatric Clerkship Training, Andrew Mitchell Berry 2023 East Tennessee State University

Assessing Virtual Versus In-Person Experiential Learning And Medical High-Fidelity Simulation In Medical Student Pediatric Clerkship Training, Andrew Mitchell Berry

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Simulation and experiential training have been incorporated into medical school training for decades. The utilization of medical simulations has become an invaluable tool in healthcare education and training. However, circumstances such as limited resources, geographical constraints, or global health crises may hinder the feasibility of conducting in-person medical simulations. In these scenarios, virtual medical simulations emerge as a compelling alternative. While there are many ways to accomplish experiential-based learning, many faculty and students feel Socratic learning styles provide the best learning experience.

As medical students had just finished a predominantly virtual preclinical year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the research …


Dentistry And The Law: Requiring Proof Of Adoption/Retaining Orthodontic Models, Dan Schulte JD 2023 Kerr Russell

Dentistry And The Law: Requiring Proof Of Adoption/Retaining Orthodontic Models, Dan Schulte Jd

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

In this Dentistry and the Law column, a dentist seeks guidance on handling a situation where racial differences between a child and an accompanying adult raised concerns during an examination, leading the dentist to request proof of adoption. The response clarifies that asking for proof of adoption is not illegal, citing relevant Michigan adoption statutes. The column advises adopting an office policy, emphasizing human trafficking training. Additionally, a dentist inquires about retaining orthodontic models and X-ray films. The answer recommends assuming orthodontic models are part of dental records, subject to a 10-year retention period. Patients can be given their models, …


Validity And Test-Retest Reliability Of A Digital Dynamic Visual Acuity Test Of Vestibular Function, Lydia F. Grunstra, Courtney D. Hall, Kara D. Stressman 2023 James H Quillen Veterans Affairs Medical Center, East Tennessee State University

Validity And Test-Retest Reliability Of A Digital Dynamic Visual Acuity Test Of Vestibular Function, Lydia F. Grunstra, Courtney D. Hall, Kara D. Stressman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The vestibular system senses head motion and facilitates gaze stabilization, allowing for clear vision during movement. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) causes the eyes to move opposite head motion, thus maintaining focus on a target. Consequently, uncompensated loss of vestibular function leads to reduced VOR function resulting in dizziness, nausea, and visual disturbance. Different testing methods have been developed to measure VOR loss. These tests generally require bulky, expensive equipment, and must be performed by a trained examiner. A newly developed digital form of the dynamic visual acuity (DVA) test requires less equipment, is cost-effective, and may be performed at home …


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