Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Kinesiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7,432 Full-Text Articles 14,063 Authors 4,370,905 Downloads 178 Institutions

All Articles in Kinesiology

Faceted Search

7,432 full-text articles. Page 2 of 308.

Correlates Of Balance And Aerobic Indices In Lower-Limb Prostheses Users On Arm Crank Exercise, Gary Guerra, John Smith 2021 Mahidol University

Correlates Of Balance And Aerobic Indices In Lower-Limb Prostheses Users On Arm Crank Exercise, Gary Guerra, John Smith

Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background: The HUMAC Balance System (HBS) offers valid measurement of balance, and the arm crank exercise test (ACE) is a valid measure of physiological capacity. Neither have been used to evaluate associations between balance and physiological capacity in lower-limb amputees. Methods: Thirty-five participants with lower-limb amputations were recruited. Standing balance (center of pressure) was evaluated during eyes opened (EO) and eyes closed (EC) conditions using the HBS. Participants performed ACE graded exercise testing (GXT) to evaluate aerobic capacity. Spearman’s rho was used to identify relationships between variables. Cut-points for three groups were generated for time on ACE. Mann–Whitney ...


The Effect Of Rest Interval Length On Upper And Lower Body Exercises In Resistance-Trained Females, Desmond J. Millender, Zachary A. Mang, Jason R. Beam, Rogelio A. Realzola, Leonard Kravitz 2021 University of New Mexico

The Effect Of Rest Interval Length On Upper And Lower Body Exercises In Resistance-Trained Females, Desmond J. Millender, Zachary A. Mang, Jason R. Beam, Rogelio A. Realzola, Leonard Kravitz

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(7): 1178-1191, 2021. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of SHORT (1 min) and LONG (3 min) rest intervals (RI) on total volume lifted (TVL), repetition performance, fatigue index (FI), and blood lactate [La] during upper body (chest press) and lower body (leg press) exercise with low-intensity (75% of a 10-RM) in trained female lifters. Fourteen females (mean ± SD, age = 22.9 ± 5.4 years, training experience = 5.2 ± 2.5 years, height = 166.1 ± 6.9 cm, weight = 61.3 ± 5.1 kg, body fat % = 21.7 ± 3.3 ...


Effects Of Isometric Exercises Versus Static Stretching In Warm-Up Regimens For Running Sport Athletes: A Systematic Review, Zachary Ullman, Michael Fernandez, Matthew Klein 2021 Department of Physical Therapy, Azusa Pacific Univeristy

Effects Of Isometric Exercises Versus Static Stretching In Warm-Up Regimens For Running Sport Athletes: A Systematic Review, Zachary Ullman, Michael Fernandez, Matthew Klein

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 1204-1218, 2021. The objective of this review was to identify studies that report the pre-exercise effects of isometric exercise versus static stretching on performance and injury rates of running athletes in comparison to their outcomes. Seven electronic databases were searched: Cochrane, PEDro, CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE, SportDiscus, and GoogleScholar. Data was collected using an established PICO question, and assembled logic grid. The included articles were required to (1) assess running performance or injury prevention and (2) include isometric exercises/muscle activation and/or static stretching. Articles published prior to the year 2000, non-English, and ...


Youth-To-Senior Transition In Elite European Club Soccer, Thomas Carpels, Nairn Scobie, Niall G. MacFarlane, Ole J. Kemi 2021 University of Glasgow

Youth-To-Senior Transition In Elite European Club Soccer, Thomas Carpels, Nairn Scobie, Niall G. Macfarlane, Ole J. Kemi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 1192-1203, 2021. The priority for soccer academies is to develop youth players that graduate and transfer directly to their senior squads. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of this direct youth-to-senior pathway by examining the extent to which club-trained players (CTPs) are currently involved in elite male European soccer. Relevant demographic longitudinal studies between 2009 and 2020 conducted by the International Centre for Sports Studies Football Observatory were analysed. The main findings were that the proportion of CTPs in senior squads has decreased from 23% to 17% over this ...


Physical Activity During Pregnancy May Mitigate Adverse Outcomes Resulting From Covid-19 And Distancing Regulations: Perspectives Of Prenatal Healthcare Providers In The Southern Region Of The United States, Taniya S. Nagpal, Jill Maples, Cathryn Duchette, Elizabeth A. Altizer, Rachel Tinius 2021 Brock University

Physical Activity During Pregnancy May Mitigate Adverse Outcomes Resulting From Covid-19 And Distancing Regulations: Perspectives Of Prenatal Healthcare Providers In The Southern Region Of The United States, Taniya S. Nagpal, Jill Maples, Cathryn Duchette, Elizabeth A. Altizer, Rachel Tinius

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(3): 1138-1150, 2021. Prenatal physical activity (PA) may mitigate adverse outcomes that have increased as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, including poor maternal mental health. This study explored the perspectives of prenatal healthcare providers (PHCP) on maternal PA during the pandemic and identified resources providers would like to have to inform clinical discussions and prescription of PA. Semi-structured interviews were completed with PHCPs following a qualitative description approach. A content analysis coded data to inform three study objectives: 1. Changes to maternal health, 2. The role prenatal PA can have during a pandemic ...


Predictive Accuracy Of The Nelson Equation Via Bodpod Compared To Commonly Used Equations To Estimate Resting Metabolic Rate In Adults, Bryndan Lindsey, Daniel Shookster, Joel Martin, Nelson Cortes 2021 Sports Medicine Assessment and Research Testing (SMART) Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA

Predictive Accuracy Of The Nelson Equation Via Bodpod Compared To Commonly Used Equations To Estimate Resting Metabolic Rate In Adults, Bryndan Lindsey, Daniel Shookster, Joel Martin, Nelson Cortes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(2): 1166-1177, 2021. Indirect calorimetry (IC) is considered the gold standard for assessing resting metabolic rate (RMR). However, many people do not have access to IC devices and use prediction equations for RMR estimation. Equations using fat free mass (FFM) as a predictor have been developed to estimate RMR, as a strong relationship exists between FFM and RMR. One such equation is the Nelson equation which is used by the BodPod (BP). Yet, there is limited evidence whether the Nelson equation is superior to other common equations to predict RMR. To examine the agreement ...


Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption And Substrate Oxidation Following High-Intensity Interval Training: Effects Of Recovery Manipulation, Márcio Sindorf, Moisés Germano, Wellington Dias, Danilo Batista, Tiago Braz, Marlene Moreno, Charles Lopes 2021 Department of Human Movement Science, Methodist University of Piracicaba, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption And Substrate Oxidation Following High-Intensity Interval Training: Effects Of Recovery Manipulation, Márcio Sindorf, Moisés Germano, Wellington Dias, Danilo Batista, Tiago Braz, Marlene Moreno, Charles Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(2): 1151-1165, 2021. The recovery manipulation during high-intensity interval training (HIIT) may have the potential to modulate the responses of post-exercise energy metabolism. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the type (i.e., passive and active) and duration (i.e., short and long) of the recovery between the intervals in HIIT affect the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) and oxidation of fats and carbohydrates during the post-exercise recovery. Eight physically active men performed a maximal incremental test, to determine the peak oxygen consumption (O2peak) and the first ventilatory threshold ...


Stretching After An In-Water Warm-Up Does Not Acutely Improve Sprint Freestyle Swim Performance In Diii Collegiate Swimmers, Haven L. Westra, Alexander H.K. Montoye 2021 Alma College

Stretching After An In-Water Warm-Up Does Not Acutely Improve Sprint Freestyle Swim Performance In Diii Collegiate Swimmers, Haven L. Westra, Alexander H.K. Montoye

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 11, 2021. Stretching, as part of a warm-up prior to competition, has been used as a method to enhance performance in swimming and other sports, but its efficacy as a potential ergogenic aid remains understudied. This study’s purpose was to determine if acute static stretching or a dynamic warm-up, following an in-water swim-specific warm-up, improved sprint freestyle swim performance in collegiate swimmers. NCAA Division III swimmers (n=15, 67% female) participated in three testing protocols. In each protocol, participants did an in-water warm up and either a dynamic ...


Assessing A Novel Adaptation To Cci Devices To Model Human Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, William R. Kochen, Kristen Craven, Rachel E. Barkey, Jane M. Flinn, David D. Cerri 2021 Nova Southeastern University

Assessing A Novel Adaptation To Cci Devices To Model Human Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, William R. Kochen, Kristen Craven, Rachel E. Barkey, Jane M. Flinn, David D. Cerri

NeuroSports

Background: Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) are a health crisis with over a million people suffering injuries each year in the United States. The majority of TBIs are mild injuries which often produce no period of unconsciousness and no gross damage to the brain or skull. A range of TBI animal models exist but many produce injuries too severe to characterize as mild. One TBI induction method commonly used is Controlled Cortical Impact (CCI) devices.

New Method: The purpose of this study is to assess a novel adaptation to CCI devices that allows for the induction of mild injuries that mimic ...


The Impact Of #365papers: A Daily Scientific Twitter Campaign To Disseminate Exercise Oncology Literature, Kendra Zadravec, Sarah Weller, Logan Meyers, Kirstin Lane, Jeffrey Kong, Kristin L. Campbell 2021 University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine

The Impact Of #365papers: A Daily Scientific Twitter Campaign To Disseminate Exercise Oncology Literature, Kendra Zadravec, Sarah Weller, Logan Meyers, Kirstin Lane, Jeffrey Kong, Kristin L. Campbell

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Many health researchers and practitioners use Twitter to stimulate scientific dialogue and collaboration among peers, as well as the general public. In 2018, the Clinical Exercise Physiology Lab (CEPL) undertook a year-long scientific Twitter campaign (#365Papers) where one peer-reviewed publication related to cancer and exercise/physical activity was tweeted per day. Features of this campaign included Throwback Thursdays (selected article published before 2018) and guest tweeters (article chosen by other exercise oncology researchers). We report on the impact of the #365Papers campaign based on Twitter Analytics data (i.e., engagement rate). We also explore how engagement rate differed depending ...


The Role Of California Sea Lion (Zalophus Californianus) Hindflippers As Aquatic Control Surfaces For Maneuverability, Ariel M. Leahy, Frank E. Fish, Sarah J. Kerr, Jenifer A. Zeligs, Stefani Skrovan, Kaitlyn L. Cardenas, Megan C. Leftwich 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of California Sea Lion (Zalophus Californianus) Hindflippers As Aquatic Control Surfaces For Maneuverability, Ariel M. Leahy, Frank E. Fish, Sarah J. Kerr, Jenifer A. Zeligs, Stefani Skrovan, Kaitlyn L. Cardenas, Megan C. Leftwich

Biology Faculty Publications

California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are a highly maneuverable species of marine mammal. During uninterrupted, rectilinear swimming, sea lions oscillate their foreflippers to propel themselves forward without aid from the collapsed hindfiippers, which are passively trailed. During maneuvers such as turning and leaping (porpoising), the hindfiippers are spread into a delta-wing configuration. There is little information defining the role of otarrid hindfiippers as aquatic control surfaces. To examine Z. califomianus hindflippers during maneuvering, trained sea lions were video recorded underwater through viewing windows performing porpoising behaviors and banking turns. Porpoising by a trained sea lion was compared with sea lions ...


Exercise Is Medicine: Health And Fitness At The U Of A And Beyond, Erin Howie Hickey 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Exercise Is Medicine: Health And Fitness At The U Of A And Beyond, Erin Howie Hickey

Seminars

Dr. Howie Hickey will discuss the latest research on the benefits of physical activity for physical and mental health, from COVID-19 to depression, including what the science can say about the optimal dose and intensity. She will share recent data collected by the Exercise is Medicine team on physical activity, fitness and wellness in the University of Arkansas community and discuss future directions and opportunities.


The Importance Of Exercise And Nutrition In Early Life, Elisabet Borsheim 2021 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

The Importance Of Exercise And Nutrition In Early Life, Elisabet Borsheim

Seminars

Dr. Børsheim will present her research on the important of exercise and nutrition in early life. In her presentation Dr. Børsheim will focus on childhood obesity and show that this can increase risk for later life metabolic dysfunction. She will discuss if physical fitness can attenuate negative effects of obesity in children and if there are critical windows of development where physical activity is of specific importance. Finally, she will present data on impact on early physical activity and nutrition on response to exercise later in life.


Through Their Eyes: Exploring The Relationship Between College Females’ Body Perceptions And Recreation Center Messaging, Sydney Cindrich, Kimberly Hurley 2021 Iowa State University

Through Their Eyes: Exploring The Relationship Between College Females’ Body Perceptions And Recreation Center Messaging, Sydney Cindrich, Kimberly Hurley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(5): 1112-1122, 2021. The study aimed to investigate the influence that recreation center promotional messaging had on college females’ body perceptions. Female participants 18 to 25 years of age (N = 137, Mage = 20.41) from a mid-sized, Midwestern university completed two separate body perception questionnaires. These questionnaires assessed body appreciation (functionality) and body shame (appearance). Participants were divided into three groups and shown a collage of recreation center messages that were portraying one of three conditions: (a) body functionality, (b) body appearance, or (c) neutral images. Participants then completed post-collage surveys to capture ...


Depression In Collegiate Runners And Soccer Players: Relationships With Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, Ferritin And Fractures, Devin C. Tomlinson, Evan Eschker, Jade Callan, Tamara Hew-Butler 2021 Translational Biology, Medicine, and Health at Virginia Tech

Depression In Collegiate Runners And Soccer Players: Relationships With Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, Ferritin And Fractures, Devin C. Tomlinson, Evan Eschker, Jade Callan, Tamara Hew-Butler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(5): 1099-1111, 2021. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate relationships between depression versus serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (vitamin D), serum ferritin (ferritin), and fractures across a competitive season. The authors conducted a prospective observational study (both pre- and post-season testing) on 51 collegiate soccer and cross-country athletes from a Midwest University. Our main outcome measure was depression, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). A CES-D score ≥ 16 represented the threshold value for clinical depression. Secondary outcome variables included vitamin D, ferritin, and fractures. Two athletes (3.9%; one ...


Cycling With Short Crank Lengths Improved Economy In Novices, Boe Burrus, Jessie Armendariz, Brian Moscicki 2021 Gonzaga University

Cycling With Short Crank Lengths Improved Economy In Novices, Boe Burrus, Jessie Armendariz, Brian Moscicki

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 1123-1137, 2021. Novice endurance athletes utilize slower movements and smaller ranges of motion compared to trained endurance athletes. Novice cyclists have been shown to follow this paradigm via the use of slower cadences but may further benefit by utilizing shorter crank lengths to affect speed of movement and range of motion. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of shorter than traditional crank lengths on the physiological response and performance of novice cyclists exercising at 60% of VO2peak. A total of 14 male novice cyclists (25.9 ± 6.9 ...


The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris 2021 Springfield College

The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 10, 2021. Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has been reported to develop during endurance events such as triathlons and marathons. As these events become more popular, the incidence of developing EAH also increases. The development of EAH is commonly associated with the overconsumption of hypotonic fluids such as water and tends to be more prevalent in females. There is also evidence to suggest the inappropriate secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP) leading to water retention may predispose an individual for developing EAH, especially when coupled with the overconsumption of fluids. Recent research ...


Lower Extremity Morel-Lavallee Lesion In An Nfl Player: A Case Study, Gavin Salyer, Erika Smith-Goodwin, Jennifer Walker, Paul M. Sparling 2021 Wilmington College

Lower Extremity Morel-Lavallee Lesion In An Nfl Player: A Case Study, Gavin Salyer, Erika Smith-Goodwin, Jennifer Walker, Paul M. Sparling

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Please enjoy Volume 6, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS. In this issue, you will find Professional, Graduate, and Undergraduate research abstracts, and case reports.

Thank you for viewing this 6th Annual OATA Special Edition.


Anconeus Epitrochlearis Muscle And Cubital Tunnel Syndrome In A High School Volleyball Player, Kelsey Everhart 2021 Cleveland Clinic

Anconeus Epitrochlearis Muscle And Cubital Tunnel Syndrome In A High School Volleyball Player, Kelsey Everhart

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Please enjoy Volume 7, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS. In this issue, you will find Professional, Graduate, and Undergraduate research abstracts, and case reports.

Thank you for viewing this 7th Annual OATA Special Edition.


Athletic Trainers' Perceptions Of The Boc's Testing Over Practical Knowledge And Application In Daily Practice, Chase Menchofer, Erika Smith-Goodwin, Jennifer Walker 2021 Wilmington College

Athletic Trainers' Perceptions Of The Boc's Testing Over Practical Knowledge And Application In Daily Practice, Chase Menchofer, Erika Smith-Goodwin, Jennifer Walker

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Please enjoy Volume 7, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS. In this issue, you will find Professional, Graduate, and Undergraduate research abstracts, and case reports.

Thank you for viewing this 7th Annual OATA Special Edition.


Digital Commons powered by bepress