Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Kinesiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7,283 Full-Text Articles 14,143 Authors 2,661,601 Downloads 168 Institutions

All Articles in Kinesiology

Faceted Search

7,283 full-text articles. Page 2 of 297.

Increased Physical Activity And Reduced Pain With Spinal Cord Stimulation: A 12-Month Study, Jacob E. Barkley, Henry Vucetic, David Leone, Bina Mehta, Michael J. Rebold, Mallory Kobak, Andrew Carnes, Gregory S. Farnell 2020 Kent State University

Increased Physical Activity And Reduced Pain With Spinal Cord Stimulation: A 12-Month Study, Jacob E. Barkley, Henry Vucetic, David Leone, Bina Mehta, Michael J. Rebold, Mallory Kobak, Andrew Carnes, Gregory S. Farnell

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1583-1594, 2020. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in pain and physical activity after replacing a traditional spinal cord stimulation (SCS) implantable pulse generator with a next generation SCS in patients for whom traditional SCS was no longer providing adequate relief of low back and/or leg pain. Subjects (n = 19) who reported that they were no longer receiving adequate relief from traditional SCS were implanted with a next generation SCS. Eighteen additional patients who were receiving relief from traditional SCS were also followed as a control. Both groups (next ...


Acute Post-Exercise Blood Pressure Responses In Middle-Aged Persons With Elevated Blood Pressure/Stage 1 Hypertension Following Moderate And High-Intensity Isoenergetic Endurance Exercise, Terje Gjøvaag, Hanna Berge, Marianne Olsrud, Boye Welde 2020 Department of Occupational theraphy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, NORWAY

Acute Post-Exercise Blood Pressure Responses In Middle-Aged Persons With Elevated Blood Pressure/Stage 1 Hypertension Following Moderate And High-Intensity Isoenergetic Endurance Exercise, Terje Gjøvaag, Hanna Berge, Marianne Olsrud, Boye Welde

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1532-1548, 2020. This study investigated the acute post-exercise hypotension (PEH) response in persons with elevated blood pressure or stage 1 hypertension following moderate and high-intensity isoenergetic endurance exercise. Twelve middle-aged persons (six females), with resting systolic and diastolic BP of 130±6 and 84±7 mmHg, participated in three bicycle ergometer bouts: 1) Testing of peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak), 2) Moderate intensity exercise (MOD) at 66% of VO2peak, 3) High-intensity exercise (INT) at 80% of VO2peak. All variables were recorded pre-exercise, during exercise and 0, 5, 10, and 30 minutes ...


Effects Of Drop-Set And Pyramidal Resistance Training Systems On Microvascular Oxygenation: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Approach, Vitor Angleri, Ramon de Oliveira, Thais Marina Pires de Campos Biazon, Felipe Damas, Audrey Borghi, Renato Barroso, Cleiton Augusto Libardi 2020 felipedamas@usp.br

Effects Of Drop-Set And Pyramidal Resistance Training Systems On Microvascular Oxygenation: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Approach, Vitor Angleri, Ramon De Oliveira, Thais Marina Pires De Campos Biazon, Felipe Damas, Audrey Borghi, Renato Barroso, Cleiton Augusto Libardi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 1549-1562, 2020. Metabolic stress is a primary mechanism of muscle hypertrophy and is associated with microvascular oxygenation and muscle activation. Considering that drop-set (DS) and crescent pyramid (CP) resistance training systems are recommended to modulate these mechanisms related to muscle hypertrophy, we aimed to investigate if these resistance training systems produce a different microvascular oxygenation status and muscle activation from those observed in traditional resistance training (TRAD). Twelve volunteers had their legs randomized in an intra-subject cross-over design in TRAD (3 sets of 10 repetitions at 75% 1-RM), DS (3 sets of ~50-75 ...


The Effects Of Concurrent Activation Potentiation On Bat Swing Velocity Of Division Ii College Softball Athletes, Alexis Mace, Charles Allen 2020 Florida Southern College

The Effects Of Concurrent Activation Potentiation On Bat Swing Velocity Of Division Ii College Softball Athletes, Alexis Mace, Charles Allen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(1): 1630-1637, 2020. As an ethical and practical ergogenic strategy, concurrent activation potentiation (CAP), achieved by remote voluntary contractions (RVC) such as jaw clenching, has been proposed to acutely enhance muscular and athletic performance characteristics. The effects of CAP on bat swing velocity (BSV), an important component for successful hitting in sports such as baseball and softball has yet to be reported in the literature. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of maximal jaw clenching on BSV in collegiate division II softball players. Thirteen (n = 13) division II softball athletes ...


What Magnitude Of Force Is A Slopestyle Skier Exposed To When Landing A Big Air Jump?, Isak Löfquist, Glenn Björklund 2020 Mid Sweden University

What Magnitude Of Force Is A Slopestyle Skier Exposed To When Landing A Big Air Jump?, Isak Löfquist, Glenn Björklund

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(1): 1563-1573, 2020. The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnitude of force a slopestyle skier is exposed to when landing either forward or switch in a big air jump. Ten male freeskiers (age 23 ± 6 years; height 179.2 ± 5.4 cm; body mass 72.5 ± 8.6 kg; mass of equipment 16.7 ± 1.4 kg; total mass 89.2 ± 8.6 kg) participated and each performed five 180 jumps and five switch 180 jumps in a randomized order. Forces were quantified using pressure insoles. The results showed a force ...


Relationships Between Anthropometry And Maximal Strength In Male Classic Powerlifters, Pierre-Marc Ferland, Antoine Laurier, Alain-Steve Comtois 2020 Université du Québec à Montréal

Relationships Between Anthropometry And Maximal Strength In Male Classic Powerlifters, Pierre-Marc Ferland, Antoine Laurier, Alain-Steve Comtois

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1512-1531, 2020. Several studies have determined the influence of physical characteristics on strength. The present quantified the relationships between anthropometry and maximal strength. Male classic powerlifters (n=59) were measured before a championship. Two-tailed Pearson correlation analysis was used. Powerlifters that presented higher relative maximal strength (RMS) in the squat and bench generally had higher body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), torso circumference (C), waist C/height, torso C/height (r=0.26 to 0.49, p<0.05), and smaller lower leg length (L)/height and forearm L/torso C (r=-0.31 to -0.45, p<0.05) ratios. Powerlifters with a higher % of their deadlift on their total generally presented a smaller BW, BMI, body fat percentage (BF%), waist and torso C, trunk L, waist C/height, torso C/height, trunk L/height, waist C/hip C, thigh L/ lower leg L, trunk L/thigh L ratios (r=-0.26 to -0.49, p<0.05) and higher lower leg L, lower leg L/height, reach/height, and forearm L/torso C ratios (r=0.32 to 0.51, p<0.05). Stepwise regressions revealed that a bigger torso positively predicted absolute maximal strength (AMS) in the squat (β=0.41, p=0.04), the bench (β=0.77, p<0.01), the deadlift (β=0.88, p<0.01) and the total (β=0.89, p<0.01), that a higher torso C/height ratio positively predicted RMS in the squat(β=0.48, p<0.01), the bench (β=-0.87, p<0.01) and the total (β=0.66, p<0.01), and that reach/height positively predicted RMS in the deadlift (β=0.37, p<0.01) and it’s % on the total (β=0.31, p<0.01), but negatively predicted RMS in the bench (β=-0.25, p=0.02) and its % on the total (β=-0.24, p=0.04) As all of the stronger correlations came from AMS, powerlifters should focus on increasing AMS (weight lifted) instead of RMS (Wilks pts).


Vo2, Liking, And Relative Reinforcing Value Of Cooperative And Competitive Exergame Play In Young Children, Jonathan B. Naylor, Beth J. Patton, Jacob E. Barkley 2020 Ashland University

Vo2, Liking, And Relative Reinforcing Value Of Cooperative And Competitive Exergame Play In Young Children, Jonathan B. Naylor, Beth J. Patton, Jacob E. Barkley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(5): 1501-1511, 2020. The purpose of the current study was to examine physiologic response, liking, and relative reinforcing value (RRV) of children playing an exergame with a friend under two goal structures: competitive and cooperative. A sample of twenty participants (8.7 ± 1.3 years old) and a self-selected friend completed three conditions: rest, competitive, and cooperative play. During the competitive condition, participants played Nintendo Wii Tennis® against their friend. During cooperative play, participants and their friend played together against a computer avatar. During each condition, oxygen consumption (VO2, ml∙kg-1∙min-1) and ...


Physiological Responses To Counterweighted Single-Leg Cycling In Older Males, Phil LaScola, C. Eric Heidorn, Brandon Pollock, Keith Burns, John McDaniel 2020 Kent State University

Physiological Responses To Counterweighted Single-Leg Cycling In Older Males, Phil Lascola, C. Eric Heidorn, Brandon Pollock, Keith Burns, John Mcdaniel

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 1487-1500, 2020. Single-leg cycling (SLC) allows for a greater muscle specific exercise capacity and therefore provides a greater stimulus for metabolic and vascular adaptations compared to double-leg cycling (DLC). The purpose of this investigation was to compare the cardiovascular, peripheral, and metabolic responses of counterweighted (10kg) SLC to DLC in a healthy older male population. Eleven males (56-86 years) performed two cycling modalities consisting of DLC and SLC. For each modality, participants performed 4-minute cycling trials (60rpm) at three work rates (25, 50, 75W). Repeated measures ANOVAs and paired samples T-test (α=0 ...


Comparison Of Physical Fitness Between Sport And Non-Sport Groups Among Elementary School Children, Junjiro Kubo, Saburo Nishimura, Takayuki Ogiwara 2020 Heisei International University

Comparison Of Physical Fitness Between Sport And Non-Sport Groups Among Elementary School Children, Junjiro Kubo, Saburo Nishimura, Takayuki Ogiwara

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • We compared physical fitness factors between sport and non-sport groups of elementary school children in all grades. The subjects of this study were 1,079 1st- to 6th-grade male elementary school children. Their parents completed a questionnaire examining whether the child attended sports lessons as a regular after-school activity. Physical fitness was evaluated by a new physical fitness test recommended by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (4). The test consists of the following items: 1) Grip strength (kg); 2) Sit-ups (number completed in 30 sec); 4) Sitting front stretches (cm); 5) Side steps (number completed ...


Hydration Efficiency Of A Protein Beverage Consumed In A Bolus Vs. Metered Pattern During Recovery, Chris McBride, Tara Boy, Matt Green, Eric O'Neal, Lee Renfroe 2020 University of North Alabama

Hydration Efficiency Of A Protein Beverage Consumed In A Bolus Vs. Metered Pattern During Recovery, Chris Mcbride, Tara Boy, Matt Green, Eric O'Neal, Lee Renfroe

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 1476-1486, 2020. This study compared hydration efficiency of a carbohydrate-protein (CHO-PRO) beverage consumed in a bolus (BOL) vs. a metered (MET) drinking pattern during recovery from exercise induced hypohydration. Participants (n = 10) lost 2 - 2.5% of body mass from sweating during a morning exercise session. Participants were then assigned to either consume a carbohydrate/electrolyte/protein beverage in a bolus (BOL) or metered incremental consumption (MET) (counterbalanced) pattern post exercise. Total rehydration beverage administered during recovery equaled 125% of fluid lost during exercise. BOL was administered within the first hour of recovery ...


Long Term Gait, Mobility, And Daily Living Outcomes After Orthopedic Surgery For Youth With Cerebral Palsy: Influence Of Rehabilitation Dose And Setting, Christina Bourantas, Nancy Lennon, Tim Niller, Jason Beaman, M Wade Shrader 2020 DePauw University

Long Term Gait, Mobility, And Daily Living Outcomes After Orthopedic Surgery For Youth With Cerebral Palsy: Influence Of Rehabilitation Dose And Setting, Christina Bourantas, Nancy Lennon, Tim Niller, Jason Beaman, M Wade Shrader

Science Research Fellows Posters

Background/Purpose: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad diagnostic description of early brain insult causing motor impairment. To help correct gait abnormalities, many children with CP undergo an orthopedic single event multi-level surgery (SEMLS). After surgery and most importantly SEMLS, rehabilitation is important to recovery. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of post-op therapy setting and dose on functional mobility outcomes for youth with CP.

Methods: Outcome measures included gait deviation index (GDI), walking speed, Pediatrics Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), Gross Motor Function Mobility-D (GMFM-D). Data on post-op rehab therapy were retrieved from electronic medical ...


Measures Of Pediatric Function And Physical Activity In Arthritis, Anna E. Greer, Maura D. Iversen 2020 Sacred Heart University

Measures Of Pediatric Function And Physical Activity In Arthritis, Anna E. Greer, Maura D. Iversen

Exercise Science Faculty Publications

Physical function can be assessed through physical examination with the use of performance-based measures and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Each form of assessment provides a unique contribution to the understanding of the impact of rheumatologic conditions on the patient. PROMs of physical function (PF) are an important component of the assessment of children with arthritis and have been included in the recommended core set of measures for childhood arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions. These measures provide the child’s or parent’s perspective of function within the context of daily living. Measures of PF include both generic measures, which are designed ...


Psychosocial Factors And The Effects Of A Structured Injury Prevention Workshop On Coaches’ Self-Efficacy To Implement The 11+ Exercise Program, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye, Carly McKay, Anu Räisänen, Tate HubkaRao, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Carolyn Emery 2020 Saint Louis University

Psychosocial Factors And The Effects Of A Structured Injury Prevention Workshop On Coaches’ Self-Efficacy To Implement The 11+ Exercise Program, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye, Carly Mckay, Anu Räisänen, Tate Hubkarao, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Carolyn Emery

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(5): 1459-1475, 2020. Psychosocial factors have both direct and indirect influence on behavior change. Self-efficacy is a key psychosocial factor driving behavior change. It is an individual’s perceived capability of performing a desired action. Structured injury prevention workshops targeting improvements in psychosocial factors in coaches may enhance the dissemination and implementation of the 11+ program in community settings. This study describes baseline psychosocial factors in youth soccer coaches and the effects of a structured 11+ injury prevention workshop on coaches’ self-efficacy to implement the 11+. An adapted questionnaire based on the Health Action ...


Self-Regulations For Educators Questionnaire (Sreq) For Implementation Programming, Spyridoula Vazou, Yang Bai, Gabriella M. McLoughlin, Gregory Welk 2020 Iowa State University

Self-Regulations For Educators Questionnaire (Sreq) For Implementation Programming, Spyridoula Vazou, Yang Bai, Gabriella M. Mcloughlin, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

The adoption and dissemination of evidence-based programs is predicated on multiple factors, including the degree to which key stakeholders are motivated to implement program best practices. The present study focuses on the development of indicators that capture motivations of teachers to adopt school wellness programming since personal motivations are central to achieving sustainable impacts in these settings. The study specifically describes the measurement development and validation of the Self-Regulations for Educators Questionnaire (SREQ), designed to measure educators’ autonomous and controlled motivation for adopting evidence-based programming in their schools. A naturalistic design to study motivation to adopt aspects of NFL PLAY60 ...


Physiological And Perceptual Response To A Live Collegiate Esports Tournament, Thomas Andre, Shana Walsh, Silvio Valladao, Damon Cox 2020 University of Mississippi

Physiological And Perceptual Response To A Live Collegiate Esports Tournament, Thomas Andre, Shana Walsh, Silvio Valladao, Damon Cox

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 1418-1429, 2020. Competitive esports has grown rapidly across the globe justifying a need to quantify the physiological stress response to this environment. The purpose of this study was to describe the physiological and perceptual responses in a live collegiate esports tournament. Male members of the University of Mississippi Esports team (n = 14; age = 19.8 ± 1.0 years; BMI = 24.1 ± 5.5) completed the study during the esports Egg Bowl. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HrV) were collected pre-, during, and post-competition. Rating of perceived exertion for the session (S-RPE ...


Regulatory Fit: Impact On Anxiety, Arousal, And Performance In College-Level Soccer Players, Brianna N. Leitzelar, Lindsey C. Blom, Justin Guilkey, Jocelyn Bolin, Anthony Mahon 2020 Ball State University

Regulatory Fit: Impact On Anxiety, Arousal, And Performance In College-Level Soccer Players, Brianna N. Leitzelar, Lindsey C. Blom, Justin Guilkey, Jocelyn Bolin, Anthony Mahon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(5): 1430-1447, 2020. Sport performance may be facilitated using regulatory fit, which is a match between individuals’ situational strategy and their chronic self-regulatory strategy. However, researchers have not examined the impact of regulatory fit on psychological and physiological components of sport performance, such as anxiety and arousal. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychophysiological reactions to regulatory fit by examining anxiety, arousal, and sport performance. Female college-level soccer players (n = 25) were randomly assigned to the regulatory match or regulatory mismatch conditions and completed anxiety (Competitive Sport Anxiety Inventory- 2R ...


Verification Testing To Confirm Vo2max Attainment In Inactive Women With Obesity, Todd A. Astorino, Annie Bryers de la Rosa, Amy S. Clark, Jamie L. De Revere 2020 Cal State San Marcos

Verification Testing To Confirm Vo2max Attainment In Inactive Women With Obesity, Todd A. Astorino, Annie Bryers De La Rosa, Amy S. Clark, Jamie L. De Revere

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1448-1458, 2020. Incidence of obesity is increasing worldwide which is deleterious to health due to its association with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers. Completion of regular physical activity in individuals with obesity increases maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). However, whether individuals with obesity can exhibit ‘true’ VO2max is unresolved. This study examined efficacy of verification testing (VER) to identify ‘true’ VO2max in 17 inactive women with obesity (age, body fat, and VO2max = 37 ± 10 yr, 48.7 ± 3.5 %, and 19.4 ...


Identifying The Motivational Factors For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities For Participating In Sport, Alyssa Williams 2020 State University of New York College at Brockport

Identifying The Motivational Factors For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities For Participating In Sport, Alyssa Williams

Senior Honors Theses

Opportunities for physical activity participation are limited in adults with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify the motivational factors for sports participation in 25 adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study also analyzed potential gender differences in the sample (18 males and 7 females). A pictorial measure was created, featuring a statement and a corresponding illustration that was then provided to the sample. Participant responses to each statement were recorded as “like me,” “a little like me” or “not like me.” The results showed the pictorial measure had acceptable reliability estimates using a test retest procedure. Most ...


Cutting Edge Treatments For Anterior Shoulder Instability, Samara Johnson 2020 State University of New York College at Brockport

Cutting Edge Treatments For Anterior Shoulder Instability, Samara Johnson

Senior Honors Theses

As medical professionals, athletic trainers are focused on the overall well-being of their patients. When an injury occurs, the entire extent of the impact the injury has on a patient’s life and daily activities needs to be taken into consideration. Like other medical professionals, we have adopted the use of the World Health Organization’s ICF model. This disablement model is used to organize clinical decisions in order to best provide evidence-based care. It provides a framework for documenting a patient’s ability to function and the disability. One major key of the ICF model is the use of ...


Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum 2020 Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions

Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum

NeuroSports

ABSTRACT

Background

Understanding determinants for weight-loss is a national priority. Obesity is an epidemic with serious health consequences. Most of today’s obesity and overweight problems are being attributed to poor diets and not enough physical activity. These problems show no signs of slowing down with the behaviors of most Americans. The phenomenon of “The Biggest Loser” (different variants of weight-loss programs that consist of group exercise participation and nutrition therapy to elicit weight-loss, and hopefully behavior change) has spawned many variants in commercial health clubs. This prospectus study examined the direct and interactive or moderated effects of known determinants ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress