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Full-Text Articles in Kinesiology

The Study Of High Intensity Interval Training's Effect On Enjoyment, Keali Mari May 2021

The Study Of High Intensity Interval Training's Effect On Enjoyment, Keali Mari

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This study assessed participant’s level of enjoyment in high-intensity training over moderate intensity-training. High intensity interval training is defined as short bouts of exercise performed at a near-maximal effort with rest periods or light activity in between. High intensity interval training involves repeatedly exercising at a high intensity for 30 seconds to several minutes, separated by 1-5 minutes of recovery. This type of exercise has sparked the interest of many active people due to its decreased time commitment and the benefits it elicits. The results of this study show that high intensity interval training induces a higher enjoyment rate ...


A Christian Guide To Body Stewardship, Diet And Exercise, David D. Peterson, Jeremy M. Kimble, Trent A. Rogers, Don Cameron Davis Jan 2021

A Christian Guide To Body Stewardship, Diet And Exercise, David D. Peterson, Jeremy M. Kimble, Trent A. Rogers, Don Cameron Davis

Cedrus Press Publications

No abstract provided.


Block Periodization Programming: Efficacy In Subjects Of Differing Strength Levels, Paul Moquin Dec 2020

Block Periodization Programming: Efficacy In Subjects Of Differing Strength Levels, Paul Moquin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Physiological muscle adaptations due to resistance training are still not fully known. The rate and area of hypertrophy could drastically help or hinder athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to observe the changes in lean body mass (and related factors), relative allometrically scaled strength and absolute strength through an 11-week block periodized resistance training program. The subjects (n = 15) realized an increase in total body water (pre = 49.77Kg; post = 51.70Kg), lean body mass (pre = 67.98Kg; post = 70.63Kg), adjusted lean body mass (pre = 20.35Kg; post = 21.03Kg) and cross sectional area (pre = 32.73 ...


Physiological And Perceptual Response To A Live Collegiate Esports Tournament, Thomas Andre, Shana Walsh, Silvio Valladao, Damon Cox Sep 2020

Physiological And Perceptual Response To A Live Collegiate Esports Tournament, Thomas Andre, Shana Walsh, Silvio Valladao, Damon Cox

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 1418-1429, 2020. Competitive esports has grown rapidly across the globe justifying a need to quantify the physiological stress response to this environment. The purpose of this study was to describe the physiological and perceptual responses in a live collegiate esports tournament. Male members of the University of Mississippi Esports team (n = 14; age = 19.8 ± 1.0 years; BMI = 24.1 ± 5.5) completed the study during the esports Egg Bowl. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HrV) were collected pre-, during, and post-competition. Rating of perceived exertion for the session (S-RPE ...


Regulatory Fit: Impact On Anxiety, Arousal, And Performance In College-Level Soccer Players, Brianna N. Leitzelar, Lindsey C. Blom, Justin Guilkey, Jocelyn Bolin, Anthony Mahon Sep 2020

Regulatory Fit: Impact On Anxiety, Arousal, And Performance In College-Level Soccer Players, Brianna N. Leitzelar, Lindsey C. Blom, Justin Guilkey, Jocelyn Bolin, Anthony Mahon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(5): 1430-1447, 2020. Sport performance may be facilitated using regulatory fit, which is a match between individuals’ situational strategy and their chronic self-regulatory strategy. However, researchers have not examined the impact of regulatory fit on psychological and physiological components of sport performance, such as anxiety and arousal. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychophysiological reactions to regulatory fit by examining anxiety, arousal, and sport performance. Female college-level soccer players (n = 25) were randomly assigned to the regulatory match or regulatory mismatch conditions and completed anxiety (Competitive Sport Anxiety Inventory- 2R ...


Verification Testing To Confirm Vo2max Attainment In Inactive Women With Obesity, Todd A. Astorino, Annie Bryers De La Rosa, Amy S. Clark, Jamie L. De Revere Sep 2020

Verification Testing To Confirm Vo2max Attainment In Inactive Women With Obesity, Todd A. Astorino, Annie Bryers De La Rosa, Amy S. Clark, Jamie L. De Revere

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1448-1458, 2020. Incidence of obesity is increasing worldwide which is deleterious to health due to its association with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers. Completion of regular physical activity in individuals with obesity increases maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). However, whether individuals with obesity can exhibit ‘true’ VO2max is unresolved. This study examined efficacy of verification testing (VER) to identify ‘true’ VO2max in 17 inactive women with obesity (age, body fat, and VO2max = 37 ± 10 yr, 48.7 ± 3.5 %, and 19.4 ...


Identifying The Motivational Factors For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities For Participating In Sport, Alyssa Williams Sep 2020

Identifying The Motivational Factors For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities For Participating In Sport, Alyssa Williams

Senior Honors Theses

Opportunities for physical activity participation are limited in adults with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify the motivational factors for sports participation in 25 adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study also analyzed potential gender differences in the sample (18 males and 7 females). A pictorial measure was created, featuring a statement and a corresponding illustration that was then provided to the sample. Participant responses to each statement were recorded as “like me,” “a little like me” or “not like me.” The results showed the pictorial measure had acceptable reliability estimates using a test retest procedure. Most ...


Cutting Edge Treatments For Anterior Shoulder Instability, Samara Johnson Sep 2020

Cutting Edge Treatments For Anterior Shoulder Instability, Samara Johnson

Senior Honors Theses

As medical professionals, athletic trainers are focused on the overall well-being of their patients. When an injury occurs, the entire extent of the impact the injury has on a patient’s life and daily activities needs to be taken into consideration. Like other medical professionals, we have adopted the use of the World Health Organization’s ICF model. This disablement model is used to organize clinical decisions in order to best provide evidence-based care. It provides a framework for documenting a patient’s ability to function and the disability. One major key of the ICF model is the use of ...


Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum Sep 2020

Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum

NeuroSports

ABSTRACT

Background

Understanding determinants for weight-loss is a national priority. Obesity is an epidemic with serious health consequences. Most of today’s obesity and overweight problems are being attributed to poor diets and not enough physical activity. These problems show no signs of slowing down with the behaviors of most Americans. The phenomenon of “The Biggest Loser” (different variants of weight-loss programs that consist of group exercise participation and nutrition therapy to elicit weight-loss, and hopefully behavior change) has spawned many variants in commercial health clubs. This prospectus study examined the direct and interactive or moderated effects of known determinants ...


Ischemic Preconditioning Does Not Improve Time Trial Performance In Recreational Runners, Alexander Hk Montoye, Clara J. Mitchinson, Olivia R. Townsend, Conner H. Nemmers, Caroline N. Serkaian, Brian C. Rider Sep 2020

Ischemic Preconditioning Does Not Improve Time Trial Performance In Recreational Runners, Alexander Hk Montoye, Clara J. Mitchinson, Olivia R. Townsend, Conner H. Nemmers, Caroline N. Serkaian, Brian C. Rider

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 1402-1417, 2020. Some evidence indicates that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) may positively affect endurance exercise performance, but IPC’s effect on running performance is unclear. This study’s purpose was to examine the effect of IPC on running performance in recreational runners. Participants (n=12) completed IPC, a sham (SH) condition, and a leg elevation without blood restriction (LE) control condition on separate days (order randomized). For IPC, blood was restricted using blood pressure cuffs inflated to 220 mmHg at the thigh. For SH, the cuffs were inflated to only 20 mmHg. For LE ...


Validity And Reliability Of The Vo2 Master Pro For Oxygen Consumption And Ventilation Assessment, Alexander Hk Montoye, Joseph D. Vondrasek, James B. Hancock Ii Sep 2020

Validity And Reliability Of The Vo2 Master Pro For Oxygen Consumption And Ventilation Assessment, Alexander Hk Montoye, Joseph D. Vondrasek, James B. Hancock Ii

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1382-1401, 2020. This study assessed validity and reliability of the VO2 Master Pro portable metabolic analyzer for assessment of oxygen consumption (VO2) and minute ventilation (VE). In Protocol 1, eight male participants (height: 182.6 ± 5.8 cm, weight: 79.6 ± 8.3 kg, age: 41.0 ± 12.3 years) with previous competitive cycling experience completed an hour-long stationary cycling protocol twice, progressing from 100-300 Watts every 10 minutes while wearing the VO2 Master and a criterion measure (Parvomedics) for five minutes each, at each stage. In Protocol 2, 16 ...


Evaluation Of Muscle Damage, Body Temperature, Peak Torque And Fatigue Index In Three Different Methods Of Strength Gain, Nathalie De Almeida Barros, Felipe J. Aidar, Dihogo De Matos Professor, Raphael Fabrício De Souza, Eduardo Borba Neves, Breno Guilherme De Araujo Tinoco Cabral, Enilton Aparecido Camargo, Victor Machado Reis Sep 2020

Evaluation Of Muscle Damage, Body Temperature, Peak Torque And Fatigue Index In Three Different Methods Of Strength Gain, Nathalie De Almeida Barros, Felipe J. Aidar, Dihogo De Matos Professor, Raphael Fabrício De Souza, Eduardo Borba Neves, Breno Guilherme De Araujo Tinoco Cabral, Enilton Aparecido Camargo, Victor Machado Reis

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1352-1365, 2020. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare three different strength training protocols for the lower limbs by using biochemical indicators of muscle damage, thermographic analysis, and neuromuscular performance. In total, 10 men (age: 22.50 ± 2.84 years; weight, 75.45 ± 6.86 kg) completed the study. All the athletes were subjected to three methods of resistance training (RT): traditional, tension, and occlusion training. Serum concentrations of creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase were used as indicators of muscle damage. To measure muscle strength, the ...


Cross-Validation Of Ratings Of Perceived Exertion Derived From Heart Rate Target Ranges Recommended For Pregnant Women, Danilo F. Da Silva, Shuhiba Mohammad, Kelly Ann Hutchinson, Kristi B. Adamo Sep 2020

Cross-Validation Of Ratings Of Perceived Exertion Derived From Heart Rate Target Ranges Recommended For Pregnant Women, Danilo F. Da Silva, Shuhiba Mohammad, Kelly Ann Hutchinson, Kristi B. Adamo

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1340-1351, 2020. Currently, there are no established evidence-based rating of perceived exertion (RPE) targets for physical activity (PA) in pregnant women. Yet, a set of target heart rate (HR) ranges have been recommended. Using the Borg Scale, we aimed to determine and validate the RPE target ranges for different PA intensities derived from the recommended HR ranges in the 2019 Canadian Guideline for PA throughout pregnancy. We assessed 13 pregnant women (age: 31.2 ± 3.5 years; gestational age: 20.5 ± 5.0 weeks) using the following three phases: 1) the incremental submaximal ...


High-Protein Diet Associated With Resistance Training Improves Performance And Decreases Adipose Index In Rats, Paula Caroline De Almeida, Thiago Da Rosa Lima, Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Geovane José Tolazzi, Letícia Pereira Cavalcante, James W. Navalta, Ramires Tibana, Roberto Lopes De Souza, Neuber José Segri, Édila Cristina De Souza, Roberto Carlos Vieira Jr., Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli Sep 2020

High-Protein Diet Associated With Resistance Training Improves Performance And Decreases Adipose Index In Rats, Paula Caroline De Almeida, Thiago Da Rosa Lima, Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Geovane José Tolazzi, Letícia Pereira Cavalcante, James W. Navalta, Ramires Tibana, Roberto Lopes De Souza, Neuber José Segri, Édila Cristina De Souza, Roberto Carlos Vieira Jr., Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 1366-1381, 2020. The study tested the hypothesis that a high protein diet based on isolated whey protein (IWP) associated with strength training improves performance and reduces body fat without promoting health damage. Male Wistar rats, 45 days old, were divided into four groups (n = 8 / group): normoprotein sedentary (IWP 14%; NS); hyperprotein sedentary (IWP 35%; HS); normoprotein trained (IWP 14%; NT) and hyperprotein trained (IWP 35%; HT). All groups performed the maximum load test at the beginning and after the vertical ladder training protocol for 6 weeks (3x/week). The performance improved in ...


Establishing A Methodology For Conducting A Rapid Review On Wearable Technology Reliability And Validity In Applied Settings, Brenna Barrios, Bryson Carrier, Brayden Jolley, Dustin W. Davis, Jacquelyn Sertic, James W. Navalta Sep 2020

Establishing A Methodology For Conducting A Rapid Review On Wearable Technology Reliability And Validity In Applied Settings, Brenna Barrios, Bryson Carrier, Brayden Jolley, Dustin W. Davis, Jacquelyn Sertic, James W. Navalta

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • Wearable technology is becoming increasingly popular with new devices entering the market frequently, but with disproportionality less research being conducted on the reliability and validity in field settings, outside of the laboratory.
  • This paper details the methodology of gathering research based on the principals of a rapid review, using these points of application: inclusion criteria of studies (databases), search terms (data to be extracted), and how research will be conducted (narrowing articles and assessing bias).
  • Point of application #1: Inclusion criteria are described well as potential databases used, allowing a means of not only systematically gathering information, but also the ...


Effects Of A Four-Week Core Stability Exercise On Functional Movement And Balance In People With Mild Lower-Limb Discomfort, Jiyeon Kim, Joungbo Ko, Jongil Lim, Hyejung Choi, Kyoungho Seo, Sukho Lee Sep 2020

Effects Of A Four-Week Core Stability Exercise On Functional Movement And Balance In People With Mild Lower-Limb Discomfort, Jiyeon Kim, Joungbo Ko, Jongil Lim, Hyejung Choi, Kyoungho Seo, Sukho Lee

Kinesiology Faculty Publications

This study aimed to investigate the effects of a short-term core stability exercise on functional movement and balance in people with mild lower-limb discomfort. Twenty people with mild lower-limb discomfort were randomly assigned to control (CG) and core stability exercise training groups (SG, n=10 each). The SG completed twenty 30-min training sessions consisting of Pilates exercises for four weeks. Functional movement, balance, and discomfort level were assessed before and after core stability exercise, using a functional movement test, balance test and visual analogue scale (VAS), respectively. A mixed ANOVA with repeated measures was performed to determine the differences. SG ...


Testing Validity Of Fitnessgram In Two Samples Of Us Adolescents (12–15 Years), Eun-Young Lee, Joel D. Barnes, Justin J. Lang, Diego A. S. Silva, Grant R. Tomkinson, Mark S. Tremblay Sep 2020

Testing Validity Of Fitnessgram In Two Samples Of Us Adolescents (12–15 Years), Eun-Young Lee, Joel D. Barnes, Justin J. Lang, Diego A. S. Silva, Grant R. Tomkinson, Mark S. Tremblay

Education, Health & Behavior Studies Faculty Publications

Background

This study examined the validity of the FitnessGram® criterion-reference cut-points for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) based on two samples of US adolescents (aged 12–15 years). This study also established the CRF cut-points for metabolically healthy weight status based on a recent national fitness survey for the purposes of cross-validating with pre-existing cut-points including FitnessGram.

Methods

Two cross-sectional data from the 2003–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (n = 378) and 2012 NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey (NNYFS) (n = 451) were used. CRF (estimated V˙" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: inline-block; line-height: normal ...


The Acute Effects Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior In University Students And Employees, Jacob E. Barkley, Andrew Lepp, Ellen Glickman, Gregory S. Farnell, Jake Beiting, Ryan Wiet, Bryan Dowdell Aug 2020

The Acute Effects Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior In University Students And Employees, Jacob E. Barkley, Andrew Lepp, Ellen Glickman, Gregory S. Farnell, Jake Beiting, Ryan Wiet, Bryan Dowdell

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(5): 1326-1339, 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic has closed non-essential businesses which may alter individuals’ leisure behaviors. Consequently, physical activity and sedentary behavior may be negatively impacted as many fitness and recreational centers have been closed. This study aimed to examine the impact of the pandemic on physical activity and sedentary behavior in a sample of university students and employees before and after the university cancelled face-to-face classes and closed campus. Participants (N = 398) completed the validated Godin physical activity questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire which assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior pre- ...


Differences Between Males And Females In Determining Exercise Intensity, Jozelyn Rascon, Elizabeth Trujillo, Francisco J. Morales-Acuna, Alvaro N. Gurovich Aug 2020

Differences Between Males And Females In Determining Exercise Intensity, Jozelyn Rascon, Elizabeth Trujillo, Francisco J. Morales-Acuna, Alvaro N. Gurovich

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1305-1316, 2020. Even though there are physiological differences between males and females, heart rate (HR), ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), power output (PO), oxygen consumption (VO2), and blood lactate (BL) levels have been used as measures of exercise intensity independently of sex. The purpose of this study was to determine differences between sexes in different exercise intensity models. Thirty (15 females) young, healthy individuals were scheduled for two testing visits 48-72 hours apart. During the first testing visit, a graded exercise test (GXT), with BL obtained at the end of each exercise ...


The Acute Effects Of Antagonist Stretching On Agonist Movement Economy, Justin Shahtout, Shawn Henry, Dylan Ito, Kyle Savellano Aug 2020

The Acute Effects Of Antagonist Stretching On Agonist Movement Economy, Justin Shahtout, Shawn Henry, Dylan Ito, Kyle Savellano

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1295-1304, 2020. Current research on the effects of stretching on movement performance varies. However, these studies focused on stretching agonist and antagonist muscle responsible for movement production. Few studies investigated the influence of antagonist stretching on exercise performance. The purpose of this study is to examine the acute effects of antagonist stretching on agonist movement economy. 14 participants (5 male, 9 females; 168.32 ± 7.63 cm stature; 65.00 ± 7.28 kg mass) completed baseline active ROM (AROM) and passive ROM (PROM) measurements. The experimental design required participants to complete two 5 ...


Integrative Dance For Adults With Down Syndrome: Effects On Postural Stability, Sarah E. Dipasquale, Benjamin Canter, Mary Roberts Aug 2020

Integrative Dance For Adults With Down Syndrome: Effects On Postural Stability, Sarah E. Dipasquale, Benjamin Canter, Mary Roberts

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1317-1325, 2020. Postural stability, one’s ability to maintain an upright stable position, is a crucial aspect of functional mobility and independent living. The purpose of this study was to examine if integrative dance classes have the potential to improve the postural stability in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Utilizing a one group design, seven participants with DS were evaluated before and after a 12-week integrative dance class (ClinicalTrials.gov#NCT03660423). Postural stability was evaluated in uni- and bilateral quiet standing using a Wii Balance Board. Stability levels were measured based on changes ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Army Body Composition Standards For Women, Adam G. Tedford, Veronika Pribyslavska, Lance G. Bryant, Eric M. Scudamore Aug 2020

A Comparative Analysis Of Army Body Composition Standards For Women, Adam G. Tedford, Veronika Pribyslavska, Lance G. Bryant, Eric M. Scudamore

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1275-1282, 2020. The aim of this study was to compare body fat percentage (BF%) of women measured using the U.S. Army standard body composition assessment (ABC) and two common laboratory measures of body composition to evaluate the efficacy of ABC within this population. The BF% of 27 women (21.5 ± 1.8 years) was assessed using the 7-site skinfold, air plethysmography, and ABC measurements. The initial physical fitness test (IPFT) was used to determine if participants met the criteria required for admittance into basic combat training. A repeated measures ANOVA identified differences ...


Long-Term Tennis Participation And Health Outcomes: An Investigation Of “Lifetime” Activities, Katherine E. Spring, Megan E. Holmes, Johneric W. Smith Aug 2020

Long-Term Tennis Participation And Health Outcomes: An Investigation Of “Lifetime” Activities, Katherine E. Spring, Megan E. Holmes, Johneric W. Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1251-1261, 2020. Lifetime sports, such as tennis, provide opportunities for participation throughout the lifespan and has been linked with lower risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and depression. The objective of this study was to consider the influence of chronic tennis participation on various parameters of health. Members of the International Tennis Federation (ITF) completed a survey consisting of questions from International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Satisfaction With Life Survey (SWLS), and specific tennis participation questions. Descriptive characteristics were calculated for all variables and a chi-squared analysis was ...


Accuracy Of 5 Common Age-Predicted Maximal Heart Rate Equations, Daniel Shookster, Bryndan Lindsey, Nelson Cortes, Joel Martin Aug 2020

Accuracy Of 5 Common Age-Predicted Maximal Heart Rate Equations, Daniel Shookster, Bryndan Lindsey, Nelson Cortes, Joel Martin

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1242-1250, 2020. Age-predicted maximal heart rate (APMHR) is an essential measure for healthcare professionals in determining cardiovascular response to exercise testing, exertion, and prescription. Although multiple APMHR prediction equations have been validated for specific populations, the accuracy of each within a general population requires testing. We aimed to determine which APMHR equation (Fox, Gellish, Gulati, Tanaka, Arena, Astrand, Nes, Fairbarn) most accurately predicts max heart rate (HRmax) in a general population. HRmax from 99 graded treadmill exercise tests (GXT) were measured. GXTs ended upon volitional fatigue and were only included for ...


Effects Of Three Modest Levels Of Proximal Loading On Marathon Pace Running Economy, Jackson W. Gaddie, Emily P. Kennedy, Matt Green, Lauren G. Killen, Braxton A. Linder, Angela A. Heinkel, Eric K. O'Neal Aug 2020

Effects Of Three Modest Levels Of Proximal Loading On Marathon Pace Running Economy, Jackson W. Gaddie, Emily P. Kennedy, Matt Green, Lauren G. Killen, Braxton A. Linder, Angela A. Heinkel, Eric K. O'Neal

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1120-1131, 2020. This study examined the effect of modest increases in proximal body mass on running economy expressed as metabolic cost (MC). External loads of 1.6 (L), 2.4 (M), and 3.2 kg (H) were added to the anterior and posterior torso region of male (n = 18) and female (n = 18) runners using a double-layered compression garment with gel inserts. MC was evaluated using stoichiometry equations of data collected via indirect calorimetry. Data was collected during four, 5-min running bouts at marathon pace for the 3 load levels and an unloaded ...


Job-Specific Physical Fitness Changes Measured By The Work Sample Test Battery Within Deputy Sheriffs Between Training Academy And Their First Patrol Assignment, Robert G. Lockie, Rodney Pope, Olivia Saaroni, Joseph Dulla, J. Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr Aug 2020

Job-Specific Physical Fitness Changes Measured By The Work Sample Test Battery Within Deputy Sheriffs Between Training Academy And Their First Patrol Assignment, Robert G. Lockie, Rodney Pope, Olivia Saaroni, Joseph Dulla, J. Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 1262-1274, 2020. Deputy Sheriffs need to exhibit job-specific fitness throughout their occupational lifespan. This study evaluated job-specific fitness changes measured by the Work Sample Test Battery (WSTB) in deputy sheriffs from training academy to patrol school (refresher program completed before first patrol assignment). WSTB data for 34 deputy sheriffs (28 males, 6 females) was retrospectively analyzed. The WSTB included five tests: a 99-yard obstacle course (99OC); a 165-pound body drag (BD); 6-foot chain link fence (CLF) and solid wall (SW) climbs; and a 500-yard run (500R). WSTB task times measured at the end ...


Effect Of Chronotype On Sleep Quality In A Laboratory Setting, Brianna D. Harfmann, Natashia Swalve, John Mitrzyk, Alex Montoye Aug 2020

Effect Of Chronotype On Sleep Quality In A Laboratory Setting, Brianna D. Harfmann, Natashia Swalve, John Mitrzyk, Alex Montoye

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1283-1294, 2020. Sleep is undoubtedly important for human health as insufficient sleep has been associated with a plethora of diseases. Adequate sleep assessment is critical in clinical and research settings, however current sleep assessment protocols fail to account for circadian rhythms, despite the fact that sleep is a well-recognized circadian process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if circadian parameters, such as chronotype, influence sleep quality in a sleep laboratory setting. Methods: In order to investigate this, twenty participants (10 men and 10 women) aged 18-31 years old had their ...


Esport: Fortnite Acutely Increases Heart Rate Of Young Men, Silvio Valladao, Jake Middleton, Thomas Andre Aug 2020

Esport: Fortnite Acutely Increases Heart Rate Of Young Men, Silvio Valladao, Jake Middleton, Thomas Andre

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 1217-1227, 2020. Esports has rapidly increased in online play and viewing. A myriad of literature focuses on heart rate (HR) during traditional athletic competition, little research has addressed the HR responses of individuals playing esports and none in the esport: Fortnite. The purpose of this study was to compare the HR response during a 3-hour seated session of the esport: Fortnite to resting HR. Male college students (n = 23; age = 21 ± 1.8 years; BMI = 25.7 ± 3.9; Esport mean hours per week = 13 ± 8.7) were recruited to participate in the ...


Patient And Provider Communication Regarding Exercise During Pregnancy In A Rural Setting, Maire M. Blankenship, Kim Link, Samantha Henry, Rachel A. Tinius Aug 2020

Patient And Provider Communication Regarding Exercise During Pregnancy In A Rural Setting, Maire M. Blankenship, Kim Link, Samantha Henry, Rachel A. Tinius

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1228-1241, 2020. Women in rural settings are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. One potential way to improve pregnancy outcomes in rural settings is through physical activity promotion. However, given the disparities in prenatal care, women in rural areas may not receive information from their health care provider regarding physical activity during pregnancy. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patient and provider communication in a rural setting (both patients’ and providers’ perspectives) regarding physical activity during pregnancy. A mixed methods study was performed among patients and providers in an ...


The Impact Of External Loads Carried By Police Officers On Vertical Jump Performance, Amy Wiley, Aaron Joseph, Robin Marc Orr, Ben Schram, Charles Kornhauser, Ryan J. Holmes, J. Jay Dawes Aug 2020

The Impact Of External Loads Carried By Police Officers On Vertical Jump Performance, Amy Wiley, Aaron Joseph, Robin Marc Orr, Ben Schram, Charles Kornhauser, Ryan J. Holmes, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 1179-1189, 2020. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact that external loads have on vertical jump height and peak anaerobic power output (PAPw) of police officers during a vertical jump (VJ) test. Retrospective data of 47 (mean age 38.79 ± 7.97 years) police officers from a US Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) were used for analysis. VJ heights and body mass were used in the Sayers Peak Power Equation to calculate PAPw. Power-to-weight (P:W) ratios were then calculated by dividing PAPw by the officer’s body mass. VJ height ...