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Get Up, Stand Up: A Brief History Of Sedentarism And Why Movement Is Good Medicine, Robert Anthony Federico 2017 N/A

Get Up, Stand Up: A Brief History Of Sedentarism And Why Movement Is Good Medicine, Robert Anthony Federico

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


P34. The Effects Of Standing Desks On Classroom Performance Of University Students, Siobhan Smith 2017 Western University

P34. The Effects Of Standing Desks On Classroom Performance Of University Students, Siobhan Smith

Western Research Forum

Background:

It is well established that there are many health risks associated with prolonged sedentary time.1 Unfortunately, research conducted on university students is limited but yet they experience excessive periods of sitting time during class and while studying.

Methods:

Recently, we investigated the effect of sitting, dynamic sitting, and standing desks on classroom performance of university students.2 Participants performed three 3-minute classroom simulations, one for each of the three desks. The order of the desks and simulations were randomized. Each of the simulations included a different typing and memory task.

Results:

Results showed no significant difference in the ...


An Investigation Into The Correlation Between Step Width Variability And Balance Deficits In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Jordan Freeman 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

An Investigation Into The Correlation Between Step Width Variability And Balance Deficits In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Jordan Freeman

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience a higher incidence of falls. Further, gait variability has been shown to be a useful predictor of future falls. It is unknown if balance measures and gait variability are related. Our purpose was to investigate if step width (SW) variability is related to balance deficits in patients with COPD. We hypothesized that functional balance tests will closely correlate to the step width variability as compared to subjective balance questionnaires. Nine subjects with COPD and six controls performed a series of balance measures: sensory organization test (SOT), motor control test (MCT), Fullerton advanced ...


Augmenting Human Muscle Performance Through Added Foot Stiffness, Samuel F. Ray 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Augmenting Human Muscle Performance Through Added Foot Stiffness, Samuel F. Ray

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

In human walking, the relationship between foot and ankle structure and function is not fully known. The foot and toe structures seem to dissipate energy while the ankle generates force through the plantarflexor muscles. Increasing foot stiffness through added carbon fiber insoles has been shown to increase force output and decrease contraction velocity of the ankle plantarflexor muscles. This shift in the muscular force-velocity operating range may be beneficial in fast walking. During fast walking, muscle fascicles contract at high velocities and low force output. We predict that added foot stiffness can reduce the metabolic cost of fast walking by ...


Effects Of Whole Body Heating During Warm-Up On Strength, Power, And Flexibility, Trevor Krzyzanowski 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Effects Of Whole Body Heating During Warm-Up On Strength, Power, And Flexibility, Trevor Krzyzanowski

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Background/Hypothesis: There has been little research investigating the use of external heat to enhance muscular performance. The purpose of this study is to compare the differences between warming up in a hot (H) and neutral (N) temperature environment on muscle performance. Methods: Seven (M:3/F:4) Division I collegiate athletes (age = 20 ± 1; weight = 78.8 ± 24.7 kg; height = 176.2 ± 7.6 cm; body fat 19.7 ± 11.3%) each completed 2-trials in a randomized, counter-balanced order. Subjects warmed up in a temperature and humidity controlled chamber at 20 °C (N) and 40 °C (H), both ...


Physical Activity/Fitness Peaks During Perimenopause And Bmi Change Patterns Are Not Associated With Baseline Activity/Fitness In Women: A Longitudinal Study With A Median 7-Year Follow-Up, Xuemei Sui, Jiajia Zhang, Duck-Chul Lee, Timothy S. Church, Wenbin Lu, Junxiu Liu, Steven N. Blair 2017 University of South Carolina

Physical Activity/Fitness Peaks During Perimenopause And Bmi Change Patterns Are Not Associated With Baseline Activity/Fitness In Women: A Longitudinal Study With A Median 7-Year Follow-Up, Xuemei Sui, Jiajia Zhang, Duck-Chul Lee, Timothy S. Church, Wenbin Lu, Junxiu Liu, Steven N. Blair

Duck-Chul Lee

Objective To assess the age-associated longitudinal trends in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), leisure-time physical activity (PA), and body mass index (BMI) across the lifespan in a cohort of adult women. Methods The sample included 1467 women from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study who were 30–79 years old at baseline and had 3–22 health examinations between 1971 and 2006. CRF was quantified by maximal Balke treadmill exercise tests. The total metabolic equivalent-minutes/week of self-reported PA and measured BMI (kg/m2 ) were calculated. Results The overall pattern of CRF decreased over time. After age 60 years, fitness level tended to ...


Associations Of Health Club Membership With Physical Activity And Cardiovascular Health, Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Gregory Welk, Warren D. Franke, Duck-Chul Lee 2017 University of Illinois at Chicago

Associations Of Health Club Membership With Physical Activity And Cardiovascular Health, Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Gregory Welk, Warren D. Franke, Duck-Chul Lee

Duck-Chul Lee

Introduction This study evaluates whether a health club membership is associated with meeting the US physical activity (PA) guidelines and/or favorable cardiovascular health.

Methods Using cross-sectional data of health club members (n = 204) and non-members (n = 201) from April to August 2013, this is the first study to our knowledge to examine a health club membership in relation to objectively measured cardiovascular health indicators including resting blood pressure, resting heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and cardio respiratory fitness based on a non-exercise test algorithm. To determine the total PA and sedentary time, this study used a comprehensive ...


Prospective Study Of Alcohol Consumption And The Incidence Of The Metabolic Syndrome In Us Men, Mark Stoutenberg, Duck-Chul Lee, Xuemei Sui, Steven Hooker, Viviana Horigian, Tatiana Perrino, Steven Blair 2017 University of Miami

Prospective Study Of Alcohol Consumption And The Incidence Of The Metabolic Syndrome In Us Men, Mark Stoutenberg, Duck-Chul Lee, Xuemei Sui, Steven Hooker, Viviana Horigian, Tatiana Perrino, Steven Blair

Duck-Chul Lee

Few studies have evaluated the effects of alcohol consumption on the incidence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, the objective of the present study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and incident MetS in a population of US men. This is a prospective study of 7483 Caucasian men, who were free of the MetS and CVD at baseline. Information was collected on alcohol consumption, health status and fitness level at an initial clinical examination. Additional health information and determination of incident cases of the MetS were obtained at follow-up clinical examinations between 1979 and 2005. Compared with non-drinkers ...


Implementing Exercise In Cancer Care: Study Protocol To Evaluate A Community-Based Exercise Program For People With Cancer, Prue Cormie, Stephanie Lamb, Robert Newton, Lani Valentine, Sandy McKiernan, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Dennis Taaffe, Christopher M. Doran, Daniel A. Galvão 2017 Edith Cowan University

Implementing Exercise In Cancer Care: Study Protocol To Evaluate A Community-Based Exercise Program For People With Cancer, Prue Cormie, Stephanie Lamb, Robert Newton, Lani Valentine, Sandy Mckiernan, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Dennis Taaffe, Christopher M. Doran, Daniel A. Galvão

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background

Clinical research has established the efficacy of exercise in reducing treatment-related side-effects and increasing wellbeing in people with cancer. Major oncology organisations have identified the importance of incorporating exercise in comprehensive cancer care but information regarding effective approaches to translating evidence into practice is lacking. This paper describes the implementation of a community-based exercise program for people with cancer and the protocol for program evaluation.

Methods/Design

The Life Now Exercise program is a community-based exercise intervention designed to mitigate and rehabilitate the adverse effects of cancer and its treatment and improve physical and psychosocial wellbeing in people with ...


Heat Exposure And Hypohydration Exacerbate Physiological Strain During Load Carrying, Elizabeth L. Adams, Douglas J. Casa, Robert A. Huggins, Rebecca L. Stearns, Julie K. DeMartini, Rachel M. Kennedy, Lindsay J. DiStefano, Lawrence E. Armstrong, Carl M. Maresh 2017 University of Connecticut

Heat Exposure And Hypohydration Exacerbate Physiological Strain During Load Carrying, Elizabeth L. Adams, Douglas J. Casa, Robert A. Huggins, Rebecca L. Stearns, Julie K. Demartini, Rachel M. Kennedy, Lindsay J. Distefano, Lawrence E. Armstrong, Carl M. Maresh

PTHMS Faculty Publications

Heat exposure and hypohydration induce physiological and psychological strain during exercise; however, it is unknown if the separate effects of heat exposure and hypohydration are synergistic when co-occurring during loaded exercise. This study compared separate and combined effects of heat exposure and hypohydration on physiological strain, mood state, and visual vigilance during loaded exercise. Twelve males (mean±SD; age, 20±2 years; body mass, 74.0±8.2 kg; maximal oxygen uptake, 57.0±6.0 mLkg-1min-1) completed 4 trials under the following conditions: euhydrated temperate (EUT), hypohydrated temperate (HYT), euhydrated hot (EUH), and hypohydrated hot (HYH). Exercise was 90 ...


Eccentric Exercise Program Design: A Periodization Model For Rehabilitation Applications, Michael O. Harris-Love, Bryant Seamon, Tomas I. Gonzales, Haniel J. Hernandez, Donte Pennington, Brian Hoover 2017 George Washington University

Eccentric Exercise Program Design: A Periodization Model For Rehabilitation Applications, Michael O. Harris-Love, Bryant Seamon, Tomas I. Gonzales, Haniel J. Hernandez, Donte Pennington, Brian Hoover

Exercise and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

The applied use of eccentric muscle actions for physical rehabilitation may utilize the framework of periodization. This approach may facilitate the safe introduction of eccentric exercise and appropriate management of the workload progression. The purpose of this data-driven Hypothesis and Theory paper is to present a periodization model for isokinetic eccentric strengthening of older adults in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. Exemplar and group data are used to describe the initial eccentric exercise prescription, structured familiarization procedures, workload progression algorithm, and feasibility of the exercise regimen. Twenty-four men (61.8 ±6.3 years of age) completed a 12-week isokinetic eccentric strengthening ...


The Need For Standardized Assessment Of Muscle Quality In Skeletal Muscle Function Deficit And Other Aging-Related Muscle Dysfunctions: A Symposium Report, Rosaly Correa de Araujo, Michael O. Harris-Love, Iva Miljkovic, Maren Fragala, Brian Anthony, Todd Manini 2017 George Washington University

The Need For Standardized Assessment Of Muscle Quality In Skeletal Muscle Function Deficit And Other Aging-Related Muscle Dysfunctions: A Symposium Report, Rosaly Correa De Araujo, Michael O. Harris-Love, Iva Miljkovic, Maren Fragala, Brian Anthony, Todd Manini

Exercise and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

A growing body of scientific literature suggests that not only changes in skeletal muscle mass, but also other factors underpinning muscle quality, play a role in the decline in skeletal muscle function and impaired mobility associated with aging. A symposium on muscle quality and the need for standardized assessment was held on April 28, 2016 at the International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The purpose of this symposium was to provide a venue for basic science and clinical researchers and expert clinicians to discuss muscle quality in the context of skeletal muscle function deficit and other ...


Metastable Pain-Attention Dynamics During Incremental Exhaustive Exercise, Agnė Slapšinskaitė, Robert Hristovski, Selen Razon, Natàlia Balagué, Gershon Tenenbaum 2017 INEFC Barcelona University

Metastable Pain-Attention Dynamics During Incremental Exhaustive Exercise, Agnė Slapšinskaitė, Robert Hristovski, Selen Razon, Natàlia Balagué, Gershon Tenenbaum

Selen Razon

No abstract provided.


A General Model For Estimating Lower Extremity Inertial Properties Of Individuals With Transtibial Amputation, Abbie E. Ferris, Jeremy D. Smith, Gary D. Heise, Richard N. Hinrichs, Philip E. Martin 2017 University of Northern Colorado

A General Model For Estimating Lower Extremity Inertial Properties Of Individuals With Transtibial Amputation, Abbie E. Ferris, Jeremy D. Smith, Gary D. Heise, Richard N. Hinrichs, Philip E. Martin

Kinesiology Publications

No abstract provided.


Associations Of Health Club Membership With Physical Activity And Cardiovascular Health, Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Gregory Welk, Warren D. Franke, Duck-Chul Lee 2017 University of Illinois at Chicago

Associations Of Health Club Membership With Physical Activity And Cardiovascular Health, Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Gregory Welk, Warren D. Franke, Duck-Chul Lee

Kinesiology Publications

Introduction This study evaluates whether a health club membership is associated with meeting the US physical activity (PA) guidelines and/or favorable cardiovascular health.

Methods Using cross-sectional data of health club members (n = 204) and non-members (n = 201) from April to August 2013, this is the first study to our knowledge to examine a health club membership in relation to objectively measured cardiovascular health indicators including resting blood pressure, resting heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and cardio respiratory fitness based on a non-exercise test algorithm. To determine the total PA and sedentary time, this study used a comprehensive ...


Symposium Volume 3, Issue 1, 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Symposium Volume 3, Issue 1

Symposium

Collection of research projects conducted by students of the College of Science and Math at California Polytechnic State University


Sex Differences In Neuromuscular Fatigability Of The Knee Extensors Post-Stroke, Meghan Kirking, Reivian B. Barillas, Philip A. Nelson, Sandra K. Hunter, Allison Hyngstrom 2017 Marquette University

Sex Differences In Neuromuscular Fatigability Of The Knee Extensors Post-Stroke, Meghan Kirking, Reivian B. Barillas, Philip A. Nelson, Sandra K. Hunter, Allison Hyngstrom

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

Background and Purpose: Despite the implications of optimizing strength training post-stroke, little is known about the differences in fatigability between men and women with chronic stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine the sex differences in knee extensor muscle fatigability and potential mechanisms in individuals with stroke. Methods: Eighteen participants (10 men, eight women) with chronic stroke (≥6 months) and 23 (12 men, 11 women) nonstroke controls participated in the study. Participants performed an intermittent isometric contraction task (6 s contraction, 3 s rest) at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque until failure to maintain the target ...


Metastable Pain-Attention Dynamics During Incremental Exhaustive Exercise, Agnė Slapšinskaitė, Robert Hristovski, Selen Razon, Natàlia Balagué, Gershon Tenenbaum 2017 INEFC Barcelona University

Metastable Pain-Attention Dynamics During Incremental Exhaustive Exercise, Agnė Slapšinskaitė, Robert Hristovski, Selen Razon, Natàlia Balagué, Gershon Tenenbaum

Kinesiology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Interfacing Continuous Measurement Of Glucose And Physical Activity To Predict Glycemic Control In Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes, Jennifer Blankenship 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Interfacing Continuous Measurement Of Glucose And Physical Activity To Predict Glycemic Control In Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes, Jennifer Blankenship

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

Physical activity is a cornerstone in the management of hyperglycemia and risk of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the dose response relationship between physical activity and glucose regulation is not well defined. The overall goal of this dissertation was to assess the magnitude and timing of changes of daily glucose concentrations in response to continuous and intermittent light physical activity in T2D. Through utilizing continuous glucose monitors (CGM) and physical activity monitoring concurrently, we were able to assess the glycemic impact of physical activity and sedentary behavior in the free-living environment.

Study 1 aimed to examine the ...


Il-15 Activates The Jak3/Stat3 Signaling Pathway To Mediate Glucose Uptake In Skeletal Muscle Cells, James E. Krolopp, Shantaé M. Thornton, Marcia J. Abbott 2016 Chapman University

Il-15 Activates The Jak3/Stat3 Signaling Pathway To Mediate Glucose Uptake In Skeletal Muscle Cells, James E. Krolopp, Shantaé M. Thornton, Marcia J. Abbott

Health Sciences and Kinesiology Faculty Articles

Myokines are specialized cytokines that are secreted from skeletal muscle (SKM) in response to metabolic stimuli, such as exercise. Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a myokine with potential to reduce obesity and increase lean mass through induction of metabolic processes. It has been previously shown that IL-15 acts to increase glucose uptake in SKM cells. However, the downstream signals orchestrating the link between IL-15 signaling and glucose uptake have not been fully explored. Here we employed the mouse SKM C2C12 cell line to examine potential downstream targets of IL-15-induced alterations in glucose uptake. Following differentiation, C2C12 cells were treated overnight with 100 ...


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