Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella Mcloughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk
Background: Schools provide an ideal setting for promoting healthy lifestyles in youth, but it has proven difficult to promote the adoption and implementation of evidence-based programming by school leaders. The SWITCH® (School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health) intervention is a capacity-building process designed to help school leaders learn how to plan, implement, and sustain school wellness programs on their own.
Objective: The present study evaluates the transdisciplinary approaches used in establishing an integrated research-practice partnership with the state-wide 4-H/Extension network to support broader dissemination.
Method: The study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate the degree of engagement and ...
Fresh Start: A Program To Promote Physical Activity Among College Freshmen, 2019 Kansas State University Libraries
Fresh Start: A Program To Promote Physical Activity Among College Freshmen, Mia Taylor
Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference
Fresh Start: A Program to Promote Physical Activity Among College Freshmen
Mia Taylor, Emily Mailey, Eryn Coates, Jerica Garcia,
Hailey Hunter, Courtney Moore
Department of Kinesiology
College of Human Ecology
Physical activity levels tend to decline as students transition from high school to college, and freshmen college women have been a population of interest. It is possible providing unique physical activity information via text messages could support freshmen women in increasing their physical activity levels. Freshmen females (n=30) were recruited to participate in a 9-week program that involved wearing an ActivPal for 3 individual weeks (beginning, middle, and end ...
Evaluating Motivational Interviewing And Habit Formation To Enhance The Effect Of Activity Trackers On Healthy Adults’ Activity Levels: Randomized Intervention, Laura D. Ellingson, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Karissa L. Peyer, Yang Bai, Maria Perez, L. Alison Phillips, Gregory Welk
Background: While widely used and endorsed, there is limited evidence supporting the benefits of activity trackers for increasing physical activity; these devices may be more effective when combined with additional strategies that promote sustained behavior change like motivational interviewing (MI) and habit development. Objective: This study aims to determine the utility of wearable activity trackers alone or in combination with these behavior change strategies for promoting improvements in active and sedentary behaviors. Methods: A sample of 91 adults (48/91 female, 53%) was randomized to receive a Fitbit Charge alone or in combination with MI and habit education for 12 ...
Survey Of Hydration Knowledge And Behavior In Youth Mountain Bike Teams, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Survey Of Hydration Knowledge And Behavior In Youth Mountain Bike Teams, Natasha Brand
Theses and Dissertations
Many youth sports organizations recognize the importance of educating on hydration practices and awareness, although according to recent research current hydration education is not correlating to effective practices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess and describe the hydration knowledge and behavior of student-athletes participating in competitive junior high and high school mountain bike teams, in order to substantiate further research. METHODS: A total of 133 male and female participants, ranging from 11-18 years were surveyed on their hydration knowledge and behavior. All participants were apparently healthy and were active members of a National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA ...
Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim
This study investigated the associations between physical activity and the prevalence of obesity determined by waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body mass index (BMI).
This is the first study to our knowledge on physical activity and obesity using a nationally representative sample of South Korean population from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We categorized individuals into either non-obese or obese defined by WHtR and BMI. Levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were classified as ‘Inactive’, ‘Active’, and ‘Very active’ groups based on the World Health Organization physical activity guidelines. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the ...
Wheelchair Fatigue Reducer, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Wheelchair Fatigue Reducer, Aaron Miller, Dennis Andre Norfleet
Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects
No abstract provided.
Kinematic And Kinetic Indicators Of Sit-To-Stand, 2016 Des Moines University - Osteopathic Medical Center
Kinematic And Kinetic Indicators Of Sit-To-Stand, Catherine A. Stevermer, Jason C. Gillette
Variation in the timing indicators separating sit-to-stand (STS) into movement phases complicates both research comparisons and clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to use kinetic reference standards to identify accurate kinematic and kinetic indicators for STS movement analysis such that consistent indicators might be used for STS from varied initial postures. Healthy adults performed STS using 4 foot placements: foot-neutral, foot-back, right-staggered, and left-staggered. Kinetic and kinematic data were collected from force platforms and an 8-camera video system. Initiation, seat-off, vertical posture, and termination were detected with 5% start and 7.5% end thresholds for changes in kinetic ...
A Fit-Fat Index For Predicting Incident Diabetes In Apparently Healthy Men: A Prospective Cohort Study, 2016 Kagoshima University
A Fit-Fat Index For Predicting Incident Diabetes In Apparently Healthy Men: A Prospective Cohort Study, Robert A. Sloan, Benjamin A. Haaland, Susumu S. Sawada, I-Min Lee, Xuemei Sui, Duck-Chul Lee, Yassine Ridouane, Falk Muller- Riemenschneider, Steven N. Blair
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of combined cardiorespiratory fitness and waist-to-height ratio in the form of a fit-fat index on incident diabetes risk. Additionally, the independent predictive performance of cardiorespiratory fitness, waist-to-height ratio, and body mass index also were estimated and compared.
This was a prospective cohort study of 10,381 men who had a normal electrocardiogram and no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 1979 to 2005. Random survival forest models and traditional Cox proportional hazards models were used to predict diabetes at 5-, 10-, and 15-year incidence horizons.
Meeting Physical Activity Recommendations May Be Protective Against Temporal Lobe Atrophy In Older Adults At Risk For Alzheimer's Disease., 2016 William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital
Meeting Physical Activity Recommendations May Be Protective Against Temporal Lobe Atrophy In Older Adults At Risk For Alzheimer's Disease., Ryan J. Dougherty, Laura D. Ellingson, Stephanie A. Schultz, Elizabeth A. Boots, Jacob D. Meyer, Jacob B. Lindheimer, Stephanie Van Riper, Aaron J. Stegner, Dorothy F. Edwards, Jennifer M. Oh, Rebecca L. Koscik, Maritza N. Dowling, Catherine L. Gallagher, Cynthia M. Carlsson, Howard A. Rowley, Barbara B. Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P. Hermann, Mark A. Sager, Sterling C. Johnson, Ozioma C. Okonkwo, Dane B. Cook
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is associated with brain health in older adults. However, it is unknown whether the current physical activity recommendations (PAR) impart substantive benefit. The objective of this study was to compare temporal lobe volumes between older adults who met PAR and those who did not.
METHODS: Ninety-one enrollees from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days to quantify their PA behaviors and underwent a T-1 anatomic magnetic resonance imaging scan. Participants were categorized as either having met PAR or not based on the US Department of Health and Human Services ...
Changes In Gut And Plasma Microbiome Following Exercise Challenge In Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Me/Cfs), 2015 Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation
Changes In Gut And Plasma Microbiome Following Exercise Challenge In Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Me/Cfs), Sanjay K. Shukla, Dane B. Cook, Jacob Meyer, Suzanne D. Vernon, Thảo Lê, Derek Clevidence, Charles E. Robertson, Steven J. Schrodi, Steven Yale, Daniel N. Frank
Move For Thought Pre-K And K, 2015 Iowa State University
Move For Thought Pre-K And K, Spyridoula Vazou, Jacqueline S. Krogh, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller
The Move for Thought Pre-K & K (M4T pre-K & K) was developed mainly for children (3-6 years old) in the preschool environment. However, all activities are developmentally appropriate for children in kindergarten classroom. Iowa Team Nutrition and the Iowa Department of Education would like to thank you for using the M4T pre-K & K program.
Intergenerational Service Learning Program Improves Aging Knowledge And Expectations And Reduces Ageism In Younger Adults, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Kara Hoerr, Marc J. Peterson, Abbie Scott, Warren D. Franke
Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications
This article discusses a study which evaluated the effects of an intergenerational service-learning exergaming program for older adults on younger adults’ aging knowledge, expectations, and perceptions. Eighteen college students (ages 19-26 years) served as trainers for an 8-week exergaming physical activity program for older adults (12 contact hours). Questionnaires assessing aging knowledge, ageist attitudes and aging expectations were completed at Weeks 1, 8, and 25 (follow-up); program evaluations were completed at Weeks 8 and 25. Significant improvement from Week 1 to Week 25 was found for: Aging knowledge scores (p
Cardiorespiratory Fitness Reduces The Risk Of Incident Hypertension Associated With A Parental History Of Hypertension., 2014 University of South Carolina
Cardiorespiratory Fitness Reduces The Risk Of Incident Hypertension Associated With A Parental History Of Hypertension., Robin Shook, D. C. Lee, X. Sui, V. Prasad, S. P. Hooker, T. S. Church, S. N. Blair
Family history of hypertension increases the risk of an individual to develop hypertension, whereas moderate-to-high cardiorespiratory fitness has the opposite effect. However, the joint association of each on the development of hypertension is not well understood. We studied fitness and incident hypertension in 6278 participants who were given a preventative medical examination. Thirty-three percent reported a parent with hypertension, and there were 1545 cases of incident hypertension after a mean of 4.7 years. The presence of parental hypertension was associated with a 28% higher risk of developing hypertension after adjustments for age, sex, and examination year. After further adjustments ...
The Independent Association Between Diet Quality And Body Composition, 2014 University of South Carolina
The Independent Association Between Diet Quality And Body Composition, Clemens Drenowatz, Robin Shook, Gregory A. Hand, James R. Hebert, Steven N. Blair
Excess body weight is associated with an imbalance between energy expenditure and dietary intake but evidence on the association between diet quality and body composition remains equivocal. Rather than relying on differences in diet quality between overweight/obese and normal weight adults, this study examined the association between the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) and body fatness on a continuous scale, independent of physical activity (PA). Further the association between components of the HEI-2010 and risk for overweight/obesity was explored. 407 adults (27.6 6 3.7 years) provided at least two 24-hour diet recalls over a period of ...
Moderate Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Positively Associated With Resting Metabolic Rate In Young Adults., 2014 University of South Carolina
Moderate Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Positively Associated With Resting Metabolic Rate In Young Adults., Robin Shook, G. A. Hand, A. E. Paluch, X. Wang, R. Moran, J. R. Hebert, C. J. Lavie, S. N. Blair
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether moderate cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with elevations in resting metabolic rate (RMR) similar to findings previously observed in endurance athletes. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we measured CRF, RMR, body composition, energy expenditure, and time in MVPA via an arm-based activity monitor in 423 young adults (mean age, 27.6 years). Based on the results of a fitness test, participants were classified into CRF tertiles (low, moderate, or high) by sex. RESULTS: There were significant differences among the low-, moderate-, and high-CRF groups for mean ± SD ...
Low Fitness Partially Explains Resting Metabolic Rate Differences Between African American And White Women., 2014 University of South Carolina
Low Fitness Partially Explains Resting Metabolic Rate Differences Between African American And White Women., Robin Shook, G. A. Hand, X. Wang, A. E. Paluch, R. Moran, J. R. Hebert, D. L. Swift, C. J. Lavie, S. N. Blair
BACKGROUND: High levels of obesity among African American women have been hypothesized to be partially resultant from a lower resting metabolic rate compared with white women. The aim of the current study was to determine if differences in cardiorespiratory fitness and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity are associated with differences in resting metabolic rate among free-living young adult African American women and white women. METHODS: Participants were 179 women (white women n = 141, African American women n = 38, mean age = 27.7 years). Resting metabolic rate was measured using indirect calorimetry, body composition using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, cardiorespiratory fitness via maximal ...
The Contributing Role Of Physical Education In Youth’S Daily Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, 2014 Iowa State University
The Contributing Role Of Physical Education In Youth’S Daily Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Senlin Chen, Youngwon Kim, Zan Gao
Background: School physical education (PE) is considered as an effective channel for youth to accumulate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and reduce sedentary time. The purpose of this study was to determine the contributing role of PE in daily MVPA and sedentary time among youth. Methods: The study recruited 67 sixth grade children (29 boys; Mean age = 11.75) from two suburban schools at a U.S. Midwest state, 48 of whom contributed ≥10 hours of physical activity (PA) data per day were included for analysis. An objective monitoring tool (i.e., Sensewear armband monitor) was used to capture the participants ...
Prospective Study Of Alcohol Consumption And The Incidence Of The Metabolic Syndrome In Us Men, 2013 University of Miami
Prospective Study Of Alcohol Consumption And The Incidence Of The Metabolic Syndrome In Us Men, Mark Stoutenberg, Duck-Chul Lee, Xuemei Sui, Steven Hooker, Viviana Horigian, Tatiana Perrino, Steven Blair
Few studies have evaluated the effects of alcohol consumption on the incidence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, the objective of the present study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and incident MetS in a population of US men. This is a prospective study of 7483 Caucasian men, who were free of the MetS and CVD at baseline. Information was collected on alcohol consumption, health status and fitness level at an initial clinical examination. Additional health information and determination of incident cases of the MetS were obtained at follow-up clinical examinations between 1979 and 2005. Compared with non-drinkers ...
The Effects Of Postseason Break On Knee Biomechanics And Lower Extremity Emg In A Stop-Jump Task: Implications For Acl Injury, Boyi Dai, Christopher J. Sorensen, Timothy R. Derrick, Jason C. Gillette
The effects of training on biomechanical risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have been investigated, but the effects of detraining have received little attention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-month postseason break on knee biomechanics and lower extremity electromyography (EMG) during a stop-jump task. A postseason break is the phase between two seasons when no regular training routines are performed. Twelve NCAA female volleyball players participated in two stop-jump tests before and after the postseason break. Knee kinematics, kinetics, quadriceps EMG, and hamstring EMG were assessed. After one month of postseason ...
A Survey Of Lymphoedema Practitioners Across The Us., 2010 University of Missouri
A Survey Of Lymphoedema Practitioners Across The Us., Jane M. Armer, Electra D. Paskett, Mei R. Fu, Joseph L. Feldman, Robin Shook, Melanie K. Schneider, Bob R. Stewart, Janice N. Cormier
An online survey was developed by the American Lymphedema Framework Project (ALFP) executive and research committees to assess the current scope of practice in lymphoedema treatment in the US. The analysis included responses from 415 therapists from 46 states. Respondents typically had a background in physical or occupational therapy. Nearly all reported having completed a 135-hour training course on lymphoedema treatment and management. Treatment options most often reported were comprehensive decongestive therapy (CDT), exercise/movement, risk-reduction education, and skin care.