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Biomechanics: 40 Years On, Joseph Hamill, Kathleen M. Knutzen, Timothy R. Derrick 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Biomechanics: 40 Years On, Joseph Hamill, Kathleen M. Knutzen, Timothy R. Derrick

Kinesiology Publications

In the last 40 years, biomechanics has progressed significantly as a subdiscipline within kinesiology. The development of national and international societies dedicated to biomechanics and the increase in the number of scientific biomechanics journals has led to a growth in the biomechanics community. In the last few decades, the research focus in biomechanics has broadened substantially. With this diversity of focus, there have been many novel developments in new technologies used in biomechanics. Biomechanics has become an integral subdiscipline that has interfaced with several other areas in kinesiology and has contributed significantly to enhancing the knowledge base in all areas ...


Measuring Femoral Neck Loads In Healthy Young And Older Adults During Stair Ascent And Descent, Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette, Timothy R. Derrick 2021 Beijing Sport University

Measuring Femoral Neck Loads In Healthy Young And Older Adults During Stair Ascent And Descent, Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette, Timothy R. Derrick

Kinesiology Publications

Understanding the hip loading environment for daily activities is useful for hip fracture prevention, rehabilitation, and the design of osteogenic exercises. Seventeen older adults (50–70 yrs) and twenty young adults (18–30 yrs) were recruited. A rigid body model combined with a musculoskeletal model was used to estimate lower extremity loading. An elliptical cross-section model of the femoral neck was used to estimate femoral neck stress during stair ascent and descent. Two peaks were identified in the stress curves, corresponding to the peaks in the vertical ground reaction force. During stair ascent, significantly higher tension on the superior femoral ...


Tibial Stress During Running Following A Repeated Calf‐Raise Protocol, Hannah M. Rice, Megan Kenny, Matthew A. Ellison, Jon Fulford, Stacey A. Meardon, Timothy R. Derrick, Joseph Hamill 2020 University of Exeter

Tibial Stress During Running Following A Repeated Calf‐Raise Protocol, Hannah M. Rice, Megan Kenny, Matthew A. Ellison, Jon Fulford, Stacey A. Meardon, Timothy R. Derrick, Joseph Hamill

Kinesiology Publications

Abstract Tibial stress fractures are a problematic injury amongst runners. Increased loading of the tibia has been observed following prolonged weight‐bearing activity and is suggested to be the result of reduced activity of the plantar flexor muscles. The musculature that spans the tibia contributes to bending of the bone and influences the magnitude of stress on the tibia during running. Participant‐specific models of the tibia can be used as a non‐invasive estimate of tibial stress. This study aimed to quantify tibial stress during running using participant‐specific bone geometry and to compare tibial stress before and after ...


Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella McLoughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk 2020 Iowa State University

Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella Mcloughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

Background: Schools provide an ideal setting for promoting healthy lifestyles in youth, but it has proven difficult to promote the adoption and implementation of evidence-based programming by school leaders. The SWITCH® (School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health) intervention is a capacity-building process designed to help school leaders learn how to plan, implement, and sustain school wellness programs on their own.

Objective: The present study evaluates the transdisciplinary approaches used in establishing an integrated research-practice partnership with the state-wide 4-H/Extension network to support broader dissemination.

Method: The study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate the degree of engagement and ...


Fresh Start: A Program To Promote Physical Activity Among College Freshmen, Mia Taylor 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Fresh Start: A Program To Promote Physical Activity Among College Freshmen, Mia Taylor

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Fresh Start: A Program to Promote Physical Activity Among College Freshmen

Mia Taylor, Emily Mailey, Eryn Coates, Jerica Garcia,

Hailey Hunter, Courtney Moore

Department of Kinesiology

College of Human Ecology

Physical activity levels tend to decline as students transition from high school to college, and freshmen college women have been a population of interest. It is possible providing unique physical activity information via text messages could support freshmen women in increasing their physical activity levels. Freshmen females (n=30) were recruited to participate in a 9-week program that involved wearing an ActivPal for 3 individual weeks (beginning, middle, and end ...


Associations Of Resistance Exercise With Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity And Mortality, Yanghui Lui, Duck-Chul Lee, Yehua Li, Weicheng Zhu, Riquan Zhang, Xuemei Sui, Carl J. Lavie, Steven N. Blair 2019 East China Normal University

Associations Of Resistance Exercise With Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity And Mortality, Yanghui Lui, Duck-Chul Lee, Yehua Li, Weicheng Zhu, Riquan Zhang, Xuemei Sui, Carl J. Lavie, Steven N. Blair

Kinesiology Publications

Purpose: Resistance exercise (RE) can improve many cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, but specific data on the effects on CVD events and mortality are lacking. We investigated the associations of RE with CVD and all-cause mortality and further examined the mediation effect of body mass index (BMI) between RE and CVD outcomes.

Methods: We included 12,591 participants (mean age, 47 yr) who received at least two clinical examinations 1987-2006. RE was assessed by a self-reported medical history questionnaire.

Results: During a mean follow-up of 5.4 and 10.5 yr, 205 total CVD events (morbidity and mortality combined) and ...


Evaluating Motivational Interviewing And Habit Formation To Enhance The Effect Of Activity Trackers On Healthy Adults’ Activity Levels: Randomized Intervention, Laura D. Ellingson, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. DeShaw, Karissa L. Peyer, Yang Bai, Maria Perez, L. Alison Phillips, Gregory Welk 2019 Iowa State University

Evaluating Motivational Interviewing And Habit Formation To Enhance The Effect Of Activity Trackers On Healthy Adults’ Activity Levels: Randomized Intervention, Laura D. Ellingson, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Karissa L. Peyer, Yang Bai, Maria Perez, L. Alison Phillips, Gregory Welk

Psychology Publications

Background: While widely used and endorsed, there is limited evidence supporting the benefits of activity trackers for increasing physical activity; these devices may be more effective when combined with additional strategies that promote sustained behavior change like motivational interviewing (MI) and habit development. Objective: This study aims to determine the utility of wearable activity trackers alone or in combination with these behavior change strategies for promoting improvements in active and sedentary behaviors. Methods: A sample of 91 adults (48/91 female, 53%) was randomized to receive a Fitbit Charge alone or in combination with MI and habit education for 12 ...


Comparative Effectiveness Of Aerobic, Resistance, And Combined Training On Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Warren D. Franke, Rick L. Sharp, Duck-Chul Lee 2019 University of Illinois

Comparative Effectiveness Of Aerobic, Resistance, And Combined Training On Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Warren D. Franke, Rick L. Sharp, Duck-Chul Lee

Kinesiology Publications

Although exercise has well-documented health benefits on cardiovascular disease (CVD), the benefit of combination exercise on CVD risk factors in individuals with elevated risk has not been fully elucidated. We compared the effects of aerobic, resistance, and a combination of both aerobic and resistance training on CVD risk factors including peripheral and central BP, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular strength, body composition, blood glucose and lipids. Sixty-nine adults (58±7 years) with an elevated blood pressure or hypertension, overweight/obesity, and sedentary lifestyle were randomized to one of the three 8-week exercise programs or a non-exercise control group. Participants in all ...


Physical Activity And The Development Of Substance Use Disorders: Current Knowledge And Future Directions, Angelique G. Brellenthin, Duck-Chul Lee 2018 Iowa State University

Physical Activity And The Development Of Substance Use Disorders: Current Knowledge And Future Directions, Angelique G. Brellenthin, Duck-Chul Lee

Kinesiology Publications

Physical activity and exercise are positive health behaviors that have been shown to reduce the risk of physical and psychological diseases. There is a strong rationale that physical activity could be a protective factor against the development of substance use disorders (SUDs), which include some of the most common mental health conditions such as tobacco and alcohol use disorder. This review examined the epidemiological literature to describe the associations of physical activity and substance use across the lifespan. The findings indicated that physical activity is positively associated with current and future alcohol use but negatively associated with tobacco and other ...


Survey Of Hydration Knowledge And Behavior In Youth Mountain Bike Teams, Natasha Brand 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Survey Of Hydration Knowledge And Behavior In Youth Mountain Bike Teams, Natasha Brand

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many youth sports organizations recognize the importance of educating on hydration practices and awareness, although according to recent research current hydration education is not correlating to effective practices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess and describe the hydration knowledge and behavior of student-athletes participating in competitive junior high and high school mountain bike teams, in order to substantiate further research. METHODS: A total of 133 male and female participants, ranging from 11-18 years were surveyed on their hydration knowledge and behavior. All participants were apparently healthy and were active members of a National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA ...


Fitness And Fatness As Health Markers Through The Lifespan: An Overview Of Current Knowledge, Francisco B. Ortega, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Duck-Chul Lee, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Steven N. Blair, Xuemei Sui 2018 University of Granada, Spain

Fitness And Fatness As Health Markers Through The Lifespan: An Overview Of Current Knowledge, Francisco B. Ortega, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Duck-Chul Lee, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Steven N. Blair, Xuemei Sui

Kinesiology Publications

There is an increasing body of evidence supporting that both fitness and fatness levels relate to current and future individuals’ health status. In this article, we discuss the meaning of fitness and fatness/obesity, and make an overview of what is currently known about fitness and fatness as potentially modifiable risk factors related to health and disease from preschool children to older adults. We describe the methods available for fitness assessment in each age group, providing reference/criterion values when available. Most of the existing previous reviews are focused on specific age groups with the advantage of allowing more in-depth ...


Running As A Key Lifestyle Medicine For Longevity, Duck-Chul Lee, Angelique G. Brellenthin, Paul D. Thompson, Xuemei Sui, I-Min Lee, Carl J. Lavie 2017 Iowa State University

Running As A Key Lifestyle Medicine For Longevity, Duck-Chul Lee, Angelique G. Brellenthin, Paul D. Thompson, Xuemei Sui, I-Min Lee, Carl J. Lavie

Kinesiology Publications

Running is a popular and convenient leisure-time physical activity (PA) with a significant impact on longevity. In general, runners have a 25%–40% reduced risk of premature mortality and live approximately 3 years longer than non-runners. Recently, specific questions have emerged regarding the extent of the health benefits of running versus other types of PA, and perhaps more critically, whether there are diminishing returns on health and mortality outcomes with higher amounts of running. This review details the findings surrounding the impact of running on various health outcomes and premature mortality, highlights plausible underlying mechanisms linking running with chronic disease ...


Resistance Training Improves Cardiovascular Health In Postmenopausal Women, Duck-Chul Lee, Elizabeth C. Schroeder 2016 Iowa State University

Resistance Training Improves Cardiovascular Health In Postmenopausal Women, Duck-Chul Lee, Elizabeth C. Schroeder

Kinesiology Publications

Evidence has been emerging on the importance of adding a muscle-strengthening component to regular physical activity to improve quality of life; delay the loss of muscle mass and function; and prevent osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and the falls, fractures, and disability that may follow.1 Menopause and aging may lead to a loss in fitness, decrease in muscle strength and bone mineral density, and a gain in weight, all of which concomitantly increase the risk for many chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease.2 If muscle-strengthening exercise can delay or prevent these diseases in postmenopausal women, this would have important public health ...


Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim 2016 Iowa State University

Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim

Kinesiology Publications

Objective

This study investigated the associations between physical activity and the prevalence of obesity determined by waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body mass index (BMI).

Methods

This is the first study to our knowledge on physical activity and obesity using a nationally representative sample of South Korean population from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We categorized individuals into either non-obese or obese defined by WHtR and BMI. Levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were classified as ‘Inactive’, ‘Active’, and ‘Very active’ groups based on the World Health Organization physical activity guidelines. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the ...


Wheelchair Fatigue Reducer, Aaron Miller, Dennis Andre Norfleet 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Wheelchair Fatigue Reducer, Aaron Miller, Dennis Andre Norfleet

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Running And Mortality: Is More Actually Worse?, Duck-Chul Lee, Carl J. Lavie, Xuemei Sui, Steven N. Blair 2016 Iowa State University

Running And Mortality: Is More Actually Worse?, Duck-Chul Lee, Carl J. Lavie, Xuemei Sui, Steven N. Blair

Kinesiology Publications

In follow-up to our recent state-of-the-art review on running published in the November 2015 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 1 we have additional data regarding the relationship of high-dose running with prognosis. Clearly, observational studies have recently reported that leisure-time running provides mortality benefits. However, the dose-response relationship between running and mortality has been increasingly debated, specifically whether more running is better or worse.


Kinematic And Kinetic Indicators Of Sit-To-Stand, Catherine A. Stevermer, Jason C. Gillette 2016 Des Moines University - Osteopathic Medical Center

Kinematic And Kinetic Indicators Of Sit-To-Stand, Catherine A. Stevermer, Jason C. Gillette

Kinesiology Publications

Variation in the timing indicators separating sit-to-stand (STS) into movement phases complicates both research comparisons and clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to use kinetic reference standards to identify accurate kinematic and kinetic indicators for STS movement analysis such that consistent indicators might be used for STS from varied initial postures. Healthy adults performed STS using 4 foot placements: foot-neutral, foot-back, right-staggered, and left-staggered. Kinetic and kinematic data were collected from force platforms and an 8-camera video system. Initiation, seat-off, vertical posture, and termination were detected with 5% start and 7.5% end thresholds for changes in kinetic ...


A Fit-Fat Index For Predicting Incident Diabetes In Apparently Healthy Men: A Prospective Cohort Study, Robert A. Sloan, Benjamin A. Haaland, Susumu S. Sawada, I-Min Lee, Xuemei Sui, Duck-Chul Lee, Yassine Ridouane, Falk Muller- Riemenschneider, Steven N. Blair 2016 Kagoshima University

A Fit-Fat Index For Predicting Incident Diabetes In Apparently Healthy Men: A Prospective Cohort Study, Robert A. Sloan, Benjamin A. Haaland, Susumu S. Sawada, I-Min Lee, Xuemei Sui, Duck-Chul Lee, Yassine Ridouane, Falk Muller- Riemenschneider, Steven N. Blair

Kinesiology Publications

Background

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of combined cardiorespiratory fitness and waist-to-height ratio in the form of a fit-fat index on incident diabetes risk. Additionally, the independent predictive performance of cardiorespiratory fitness, waist-to-height ratio, and body mass index also were estimated and compared.

Methods

This was a prospective cohort study of 10,381 men who had a normal electrocardiogram and no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 1979 to 2005. Random survival forest models and traditional Cox proportional hazards models were used to predict diabetes at 5-, 10-, and 15-year incidence horizons.

Results ...


Meeting Physical Activity Recommendations May Be Protective Against Temporal Lobe Atrophy In Older Adults At Risk For Alzheimer's Disease., Ryan J. Dougherty, Laura D. Ellingson, Stephanie A. Schultz, Elizabeth A. Boots, Jacob D. Meyer, Jacob B. Lindheimer, Stephanie Van Riper, Aaron J. Stegner, Dorothy F. Edwards, Jennifer M. Oh, Rebecca L. Koscik, Maritza N. Dowling, Catherine L. Gallagher, Cynthia M. Carlsson, Howard A. Rowley, Barbara B. Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P. Hermann, Mark A. Sager, Sterling C. Johnson, Ozioma C. Okonkwo, Dane B. Cook 2016 William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital

Meeting Physical Activity Recommendations May Be Protective Against Temporal Lobe Atrophy In Older Adults At Risk For Alzheimer's Disease., Ryan J. Dougherty, Laura D. Ellingson, Stephanie A. Schultz, Elizabeth A. Boots, Jacob D. Meyer, Jacob B. Lindheimer, Stephanie Van Riper, Aaron J. Stegner, Dorothy F. Edwards, Jennifer M. Oh, Rebecca L. Koscik, Maritza N. Dowling, Catherine L. Gallagher, Cynthia M. Carlsson, Howard A. Rowley, Barbara B. Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P. Hermann, Mark A. Sager, Sterling C. Johnson, Ozioma C. Okonkwo, Dane B. Cook

Kinesiology Publications

INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is associated with brain health in older adults. However, it is unknown whether the current physical activity recommendations (PAR) impart substantive benefit. The objective of this study was to compare temporal lobe volumes between older adults who met PAR and those who did not.

METHODS: Ninety-one enrollees from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days to quantify their PA behaviors and underwent a T-1 anatomic magnetic resonance imaging scan. Participants were categorized as either having met PAR or not based on the US Department of Health and Human Services ...


Changes In Gut And Plasma Microbiome Following Exercise Challenge In Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Me/Cfs), Sanjay K. Shukla, Dane B. Cook, Jacob Meyer, Suzanne D. Vernon, Thảo Lê, Derek Clevidence, Charles E. Robertson, Steven J. Schrodi, Steven Yale, Daniel N. Frank 2015 Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation

Changes In Gut And Plasma Microbiome Following Exercise Challenge In Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Me/Cfs), Sanjay K. Shukla, Dane B. Cook, Jacob Meyer, Suzanne D. Vernon, Thảo Lê, Derek Clevidence, Charles E. Robertson, Steven J. Schrodi, Steven Yale, Daniel N. Frank

Jacob Meyer

Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a disease characterized by intense and debilitating fatigue not due to physical activity that has persisted for at least 6 months, post-exertional malaise, unrefreshing sleep, and accompanied by a number of secondary symptoms, including sore throat, memory and concentration impairment, headache, and muscle/joint pain. In patients with post-exertional malaise, significant worsening of symptoms occurs following physical exertion and exercise challenge serves as a useful method for identifying biomarkers for exertion intolerance. . Evidence suggests that intestinal dysbiosis and systemic responses to gut microorganisms may play a role in the symptomology of ME ...


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