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Conservative Clothing Effects On Body Composition Assessment By Air Displacement Plethysmography, Shaun L. Orvell, Kasuen Mauldin, John Gieng 2021 San José State University

Conservative Clothing Effects On Body Composition Assessment By Air Displacement Plethysmography, Shaun L. Orvell, Kasuen Mauldin, John Gieng

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 687-695, 2021. Form-fitting spandex swimsuits or single-layer compression shorts are recommended during BOD POD® testing to ensure accurate results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various outfit types on body composition measurements using the BOD POD®, and self-reported comfort level wearing each outfit. Twenty-one participants, 8 females and 13 males, (age 31.6 ± 9.8 years) wore a spandex swim cap and three different outfits during BOD POD® testing (manufacturer-recommended form-fitting spandex swimsuit, short sleeve spandex, long sleeve spandex). Measured variables include body mass, body fat percentage, body ...


Proceedings From The Second Annual Society For Neurosports Conference, William R. Kochen 2021 Nova Southeastern University

Proceedings From The Second Annual Society For Neurosports Conference, William R. Kochen

NeuroSports

Proceedings from the Second Annual Society for NeuroSports Conference


Description, Reliability And Validation Of A Novel Ground-Reaction-Force-Triggered Protocol For Simulation Of Tripping Perturbations During Gait, James Anderson, Samuel Hadley, Denise Ng, Catrina Fabian 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Description, Reliability And Validation Of A Novel Ground-Reaction-Force-Triggered Protocol For Simulation Of Tripping Perturbations During Gait, James Anderson, Samuel Hadley, Denise Ng, Catrina Fabian

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Tripping is a common cause of falls across different age populations particularly in older adults. Concerns regarding the validity of simulated-fall research protocols reside in the current literature. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel treadmill-based tripping protocol that allowed researchers to deliver unanticipated tripping perturbations during walking with a high level of timing precision. The protocol utilized a side-by-side split-belt treadmill instrumented with force platforms. Treadmill belt acceleration profiles (two levels of perturbation severity: small perturbation vs large perturbation) were delivered unilaterally when the tripped leg bore 20% of the body weight during early stance. Peak ...


The Adaptive Gamesquad Xbox-Based Physical Activity And Health Coaching Intervention For Youth With Neurodevelopmental And Psychiatric Diagnoses: Pilot Feasibility Study, April B. Bowling, James Slavet, Chelsea Hendrick, Robbie Beyl, Phillip Nauta, Marilyn Augustyn, Mediatrix Mbamalu, Carol Curtin, Linda G. Bandini, Aviva Must, Amanda E. Staiano 2021 Merrimack College

The Adaptive Gamesquad Xbox-Based Physical Activity And Health Coaching Intervention For Youth With Neurodevelopmental And Psychiatric Diagnoses: Pilot Feasibility Study, April B. Bowling, James Slavet, Chelsea Hendrick, Robbie Beyl, Phillip Nauta, Marilyn Augustyn, Mediatrix Mbamalu, Carol Curtin, Linda G. Bandini, Aviva Must, Amanda E. Staiano

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric diagnoses (NPDs) in youth is increasing, and unhealthy physical activity (PA), diet, screen time, and sleep habits contribute to the chronic disease disparities and behavioral challenges this population experiences.

OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aims to adapt a proven exergaming and telehealth PA coaching intervention for typically developing youth with overweight or obesity; expand it to address diet, screen, and sleep behaviors; and then test its feasibility and acceptability, including PA engagement, among youth with NPDs.

METHODS: Participants (N=23; mean age 15.1 years, SD 1.5; 17 males, 9 people of color ...


Physical Activity Interventions For Older Adults In The Age Of Covid-19 And Beyond, Rachel N. Bragg, K. Jason J. Crandall 2021 Western Kentucky University

Physical Activity Interventions For Older Adults In The Age Of Covid-19 And Beyond, Rachel N. Bragg, K. Jason J. Crandall

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 6, 2021. As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic continues, it is important to understand why older adults are at higher risk for more severe morbidity and higher mortality compared to younger age groups. At the same time, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting physical activity and exercise can have positive benefits for older adults’ health. Point of application #1: The first step in keeping older adults active is motivating them to adhere to a structured program either at home, in a community setting, or in a long-term care ...


Effect Of Test Sequence On Maximal Anaerobic And Aerobic Power Achievement In Adults, Luke E. Stong, Luke Haile, Kyle S. Beyer, Joseph L. Andreacci 2021 Bloomsburg University

Effect Of Test Sequence On Maximal Anaerobic And Aerobic Power Achievement In Adults, Luke E. Stong, Luke Haile, Kyle S. Beyer, Joseph L. Andreacci

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 657-665, 2021. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of test sequence on adults’ ability to achieve maximal aerobic and anaerobic power during a single assessment visit. Forty-one adults (24 men, 17 women; 22.0 ± 1.8 years) completed two baseline visits in randomized order consisting of either a maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) or Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT). The subsequent experimental visit consisted of both V̇O2max and WAnT in randomized order separated by 20 minutes of rest. Mixed-model ANOVAs compared baseline and experimental performance between and ...


Order Of Resistance Training Cycles To Develop Strength And Muscle Thickness In Resistance-Trained Men: A Pilot Study, Julio Benvenutti Bueno de Camargo, Felipe Brigatto, Tiago Volpi Braz, Moisés Diego Germano, Gabriela Silva Nascimento, Raphael Machado Da Conceição, Ivan Teixeira, Tulio Sanches, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki, Charles Ricardo Lopes 2021 Methodist University of Piracicaba, Sao Paulo

Order Of Resistance Training Cycles To Develop Strength And Muscle Thickness In Resistance-Trained Men: A Pilot Study, Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Felipe Brigatto, Tiago Volpi Braz, Moisés Diego Germano, Gabriela Silva Nascimento, Raphael Machado Da Conceição, Ivan Teixeira, Tulio Sanches, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki, Charles Ricardo Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 644-656, 2021. The aim of the present study was to assess the chronic effects of different order of resistance training cycles on strength and muscle thickness of recreationally resistance-trained men. The study sample was composed of 16 healthy men (age: 25.0 ± 3.8 years, height: 1.77 ± 7.6 cm, total body mass: 81.7 ± 10.4 kg, RT experience: 4.6 ± 0.7 years, relative bench press one repetition maximum: 1.2 ± 0.1, relative squat one-repetition maximum: 1.5 ± 0.2). According to baseline maximal strength, participants were allocated in ...


Battery Fitness Testing In Law Enforcement: A Critical Review Of The Literature, Mohammad M. Zulfiqar, Jennifer Wooland, Ben Schram, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie, Robin Marc Orr 2021 Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine, Bond University

Battery Fitness Testing In Law Enforcement: A Critical Review Of The Literature, Mohammad M. Zulfiqar, Jennifer Wooland, Ben Schram, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie, Robin Marc Orr

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 613-632, 2021. Police trainees undergoing training to prepare them for the occupational demands of policing are often subjected to fitness testing. The aim of this review was to critically appraise research studies employing police fitness tests. Method: A comprehensive search of four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and Ebscohost [CINAHL and SportDiscus]) was conducted by two authors independently. After duplicate articles were removed, articles that did not meet the pre-determined inclusion criteria and met the exclusion criteria were removed. The remaining studies were critically appraised by two authors independently using a Downs and Black Checklist ...


Effects Of Sex And Load Carried Per Kilogram Of Body Mass On Landing Technique, Jacob M. Thomas, Roger O. Kollock, William D. Hale, Alex Long, August Bont, Jay Dawes, Gabe Sanders 2021 University of Tulsa

Effects Of Sex And Load Carried Per Kilogram Of Body Mass On Landing Technique, Jacob M. Thomas, Roger O. Kollock, William D. Hale, Alex Long, August Bont, Jay Dawes, Gabe Sanders

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 633-643, 2021. Sex differences and heavy load carriage may contribute to the high rate of musculoskeletal injury in military recruits, particularly within the female population. Thus, the purposes of this study were to determine if load influenced landing quality differently in females compared to males and if load carried per kg body mass was associated to quality of landing. Twenty-eight participants were recruited for this study (males: n = 14; females: n = 14). Participants were grouped by sex. All twenty-eight participants performed three drop-jumps (DJ) under unloaded and loaded conditions. The loaded condition included ...


Muscular Performance And Neuromuscular Fatigue Are Not Sex-Dependent During Low-Load Fatiguing Bilateral Leg Extension Exercise, Taylor K. Dinyer, Evangeline P. Soucie, Pasquale J. Succi, Caleb C. Voskuil, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom 2021 University of Kentucky

Muscular Performance And Neuromuscular Fatigue Are Not Sex-Dependent During Low-Load Fatiguing Bilateral Leg Extension Exercise, Taylor K. Dinyer, Evangeline P. Soucie, Pasquale J. Succi, Caleb C. Voskuil, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom

NeuroSports

Purpose. This study examined the sex-related differences in muscular performance and neuromuscular (electromyographic [EMG] and mechanomyographic [MMG] amplitude [AMP] and mean power frequency [MPF]) responses during fatiguing leg extension repetitions performed at the critical load (CL). Methods. Eleven men and nine women completed one-repetition maximum (1RM) testing, repetitions to failure at 50, 60, 70, and 80% 1RM to determine CL, and repetitions to failure at CL, on separate days. The EMG and MMG, AMP and MPF signals and number of repetitions completed were recorded. Results. There were no sex-dependent responses in the %1RM that corresponded to, the number of repetitions ...


From Professor To Patient X, Anne R. Crecelius 2021 University of Dayton

From Professor To Patient X, Anne R. Crecelius

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

I walked into the classroom feeling nervous. It wasn't my first time teaching undergraduate students about human endocrine physiology. I knew the material well. But today's lecture was different. I pulled up slides depicting a hypothetical cancer patient and told them, “Patient X had a biopsy that detected invasive carcinoma in her breast.” I described the many months of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation treatments she went through before going into remission. Then I taught the students about the hormonal therapy she was prescribed—drugs her doctor hoped would limit the growth of any remaining cancer cells and prevent ...


Effect Of High Intensity Interval Training Vs Low Intensity Training On Fat Loss In Patients With Obesity, Jonathan Aaron Deck, Adarsh Gupta 2021 Rowan University

Effect Of High Intensity Interval Training Vs Low Intensity Training On Fat Loss In Patients With Obesity, Jonathan Aaron Deck, Adarsh Gupta

Stratford Campus Research Day

Nowadays, there are several exercise modalities to lose weight, retain, and or build lean body mass. A widely known training philosophy that has gained increased popularity is high intensity interval training (HIIT). HIIT is based on exercising at submaximal or maximal intensity for a brief period then reducing work to minimal intensity for a longer duration in a series of repeated bouts. The benefit of HIIT is to increase fat loss through the scientific principle of EPOC (excess post exercise oxygen consumption). Low intensity training (LIT) also has its benefits in that it is more sustainable but with the caveat ...


Dancing For Parkinson’S: A Gateway For Connectedness To Peers And Social Assurance, P. Izbicki, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, J. Compton, J. Thompson 2021 University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Dancing For Parkinson’S: A Gateway For Connectedness To Peers And Social Assurance, P. Izbicki, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, J. Compton, J. Thompson

Kinesiology Publications

The first-year student experience in college is a crucial time for personal and professional development, especially for students entering science, technology, education, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Unfortunately, it is also the time when students most commonly leave STEM, largely due to disconnection from faculty and peers. The Freshman Research Initiative (FRI) is a program that introduces first-year undergraduates to research in a variety of fields. The program has shown positive outcomes for student success and retention in STEM fields. However, it has not been demonstrated whether this program can increase social connectedness and assurance, potentially contributing to students’ longer-term retention ...


Impact Of Covid-19 On Physical Activity And Health Influences Among College Students, Rachael Larkin 2021 University of Mississippi

Impact Of Covid-19 On Physical Activity And Health Influences Among College Students, Rachael Larkin

Honors Theses

Objective: To assess the associations between physical activity, subjective well-being (SWB), and social media influences before, during, and after the 2020 COVID-19 period among college-aged students. Participants: Male and female students from the University of Mississippi who were between the ages of 18-25 volunteered to participate in this study. Out of 10,000 invitation emails distributed, a total of 290 individuals responded and were used for the subsequent analysis. Results: Almost half of the respondents (46.1%) noted a decrease in physical activity from before March-May (M-M) 2020 to during M-M 2020. In addition, 41% of the respondents reported an ...


Nutritional Data And Corresponding Performance Impacts Of Uri Student-Athletes, Abigael Fenbert 2021 University of Rhode Island

Nutritional Data And Corresponding Performance Impacts Of Uri Student-Athletes, Abigael Fenbert

Senior Honors Projects

This research project investigates the diets of various sport athletes at the University of Rhode Island. The question that this project aims to answer is if our athletes are meeting recommended daily values nutritionally, and if not, why? Research continues to grow regarding how performance implications are tied to varying nutritional disparities for athletes. Various studies show malnourishment leads to performance decline, increased injury risk, and improper recovery. This is influenced by factors such as deficits in caloric intake, macronutrient and micronutrient availability, and dehydration. For college athletes, a lack of food availability and nutritional knowledge leaves them especially predisposed ...


Swimmers’ Upper Trapezius Activation During Shoulder Abduction Compared To Non-Overhead Athletes, Kendra Graham 2021 University of Rhode Island

Swimmers’ Upper Trapezius Activation During Shoulder Abduction Compared To Non-Overhead Athletes, Kendra Graham

Senior Honors Projects

Overhead sports such as baseball, tennis, volleyball, softball and swimming are known to cause rotator cuff imbalances and injuries. These injuries are typically caused by the repeated use of “throwing motion,” where the humerus is externally rotated and shoulder abducted and elevated. Previous research has shown that the function of the upper trapezius muscle in overhead athletes is likely to have improper activation (timing, magnitude) during various shoulder motions and/or activities of daily living. Swimmers are especially susceptible to this improper activation due to the use of their upper limbs in a repeated throwing motion. The added resistance of ...


Developing An Adaptive Rock Climbing Curriculum For Suny Cortland Outdoor Pursuits, Rebekah Mills 2021 SUNY College Cortland

Developing An Adaptive Rock Climbing Curriculum For Suny Cortland Outdoor Pursuits, Rebekah Mills

Master's Theses

SUNY Cortland Outdoor Pursuits opened in August of 2015 with the completion of the newly constructed Student Life Center. Outdoor Pursuits is a smaller department within the Recreational Sports Department. Outdoor Pursuits offers rock climbing services at its facility located in the Student Life Center. Currently, Outdoor Pursuits offers Bouldering and Top Roping services only when the Student Life Center is open, these hours are typically 3-10 pm. Monday-Friday and Saturday-Sunday 2-8 pm. These services are only provided to eligible SUNY Cortland faculty, staff, students, alumni, and other affiliated members. As the facility has grown in popularity during its operation ...


Relationship Between Kinetics Of Countermovement Jump And Proximal Mechanics Of Collegiate Baseball Pitching, Motoki Sakurai 2021 Louisiana Tech University

Relationship Between Kinetics Of Countermovement Jump And Proximal Mechanics Of Collegiate Baseball Pitching, Motoki Sakurai

Master's Theses

Purpose: To identify how countermovement jump (CMJ) kinetics influence kinematics and momentum of the baseball pitching motion with a focus on lower body and proximal movement. Methods: Nineteen Division I collegiate pitchers (age = 19.9 ± 1.5 years; height = 1.86 ± 0.06 m; weight = 90.7 ± 13.8 kg) performed a bilateral CMJ test and threw 5 strike fastballs from the stretch with a slide step on a custom-made pitching mound built for a laboratory setting. A 3D motion capture system tracked whole-body kinematics at 240 Hz from 29 reflective markers. Two force plates recorded ground reaction forces (GRFs ...


Submaximal Force Steadiness And Accuracy In Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability, Hyunwook Lee, S. Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Seunguk Han, Matthew Seeley, J. Ty Hopkins 2021 Brigham Young University

Submaximal Force Steadiness And Accuracy In Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability, Hyunwook Lee, S. Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Seunguk Han, Matthew Seeley, J. Ty Hopkins

Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Context: Patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) have demonstrated sensorimotor impairments. Submaximal force steadiness and accuracy measure sensory, motor, and visual function via a feedback mechanism, which helps researchers and clinicians comprehend the sensorimotor deficits associated with CAI. Objective: To determine if participants with CAI experienced deficits in hip and ankle submaximal force steadiness and accuracy compared with healthy control participants. Design: Case-control study. Setting: Research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-one patients with CAI and 21 uninjured individuals. Main Outcome Measure(s): Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and force steadiness and accuracy (10% and 30% of MVIC) of the ...


The Effects Of A Loaded Pre-Competition Activity Using Tethered Swimming On 25-Yard Swim Sprint Performance, Jacob Burchfield 2021 SUNY College Cortland

The Effects Of A Loaded Pre-Competition Activity Using Tethered Swimming On 25-Yard Swim Sprint Performance, Jacob Burchfield

Master's Theses

Warmup is a standard practice for swim competitions, but there is minimal scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of pre-competition activities (PCA) after the swim warmup. This study examined whether a loaded PCA using tethered swimming while attached to a power rack improves performance in a 25-yard swim sprint. Post activation performance enhancement (PAPE) may be the proposed mechanism for improvement resulting from a loaded PCA. To determine if PAPE existed following the loaded PCA, varsity swimmers from SUNY Cortland performed a 25-yard sprint a loaded PCA and after an unloaded PCA (control). All participants performed a standard meet warmup (1600-yards ...


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