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The Ripple Effect: ‘Training The Trainer’ On The Impact Of Body Image Through A Dance/Movement Therapy Technique, Marina Gearhart 2021 Lesley University

The Ripple Effect: ‘Training The Trainer’ On The Impact Of Body Image Through A Dance/Movement Therapy Technique, Marina Gearhart

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis describes the capstone project which was a psychoeducation and experiential workshop for fitness trainers. The workshop investigated the impact trainers’ work may have on the body image of their clients through a dance/movement therapy (DMT) technique. The aim was to enhance the trainers’ sensitivity around body image issues of their clients and to create a space for vulnerable movement conversation that may in turn lead to better mental health advocacy for their clients within the scope of ethical practice. The participants of the workshop were six white female identifying trainers ranging from 24 to 35 years of ...


The Impact Affective Teaching Has On High School Physical Education Student's Life Skills, Shane DeRose 2021 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

The Impact Affective Teaching Has On High School Physical Education Student's Life Skills, Shane Derose

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

As high school students graduate and move on towards their careers and lives that lay ahead of them, they most likely will implement what they have learned from school into their regular every day scenarios. What impacts these students can positively affect their life style choices, especially when it comes to physical education. Specifically, the affective domain provides students with many relevant learning points that they can use for the remainder of their lives. As physical education instructors, while it is crucial to focus on psychomotor and cognitive aspects of the content that is delivered, utilizing the affective domain ...


Impact Of Covid-19 On Physical Activity And Health Influences Among College Students, Rachael Larkin 2021 University of Mississippi

Impact Of Covid-19 On Physical Activity And Health Influences Among College Students, Rachael Larkin

Honors Theses

Objective: To assess the associations between physical activity, subjective well-being (SWB), and social media influences before, during, and after the 2020 COVID-19 period among college-aged students. Participants: Male and female students from the University of Mississippi who were between the ages of 18-25 volunteered to participate in this study. Out of 10,000 invitation emails distributed, a total of 290 individuals responded and were used for the subsequent analysis. Results: Almost half of the respondents (46.1%) noted a decrease in physical activity from before March-May (M-M) 2020 to during M-M 2020. In addition, 41% of the respondents reported an ...


The Study Of High Intensity Interval Training's Effect On Enjoyment, Keali Mari 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Study Of High Intensity Interval Training's Effect On Enjoyment, Keali Mari

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This study assessed participant’s level of enjoyment in high-intensity training over moderate intensity-training. High intensity interval training is defined as short bouts of exercise performed at a near-maximal effort with rest periods or light activity in between. High intensity interval training involves repeatedly exercising at a high intensity for 30 seconds to several minutes, separated by 1-5 minutes of recovery. This type of exercise has sparked the interest of many active people due to its decreased time commitment and the benefits it elicits. The results of this study show that high intensity interval training induces a higher enjoyment rate ...


How The Covid-19 Pandemic Has Affected Physical Activity, Sleep And Mental Health In University Students, Faculty And Staff And To Examine The Relationship Between These Variables, Zachary Parisi 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

How The Covid-19 Pandemic Has Affected Physical Activity, Sleep And Mental Health In University Students, Faculty And Staff And To Examine The Relationship Between These Variables, Zachary Parisi

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Increased physical activity has been shown to be beneficial in decreasing stress. This project will expand on this knowledge while also studying college students, a demographic that has been less studied. This study will also examine the impact of COVID-19 on these variables. COVID-19 changed many peoples’ activities of daily life, and possibly physically activity levels, due to public health measures such as lockdowns and remote learning. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected physical activity, sleep, and mental health in university students, faculty and staff and to examine the relationship ...


Retrospective Analysis Of Injuries And Persisting Injury Effects Among Students Who Have Participated In Club Sports And Intramural Activities During The Prior Year, Daylia Wallace 2021 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Retrospective Analysis Of Injuries And Persisting Injury Effects Among Students Who Have Participated In Club Sports And Intramural Activities During The Prior Year, Daylia Wallace

Honors Theses

Research suggests that previous injury and history of sport-related concussion place athletes at a greater risk for subsequent injury. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the validity of self-perceived wellness and performance capabilities survey responses for retrospective classification of the injury risk status of individual athletes as a means to estimate risk magnitude for intramural and club sport athletes. The surveys used to collect this data were the Sport Fitness Index (SFI), Overall Wellness Index (OWI), Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Survey (DASS), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The SFI was a strong discriminator (AUC= .728 ...


Evaluation Of Whether Habitual Physical Activity Is Associated With An Attenuated Memory Interference Effect, Lilianne Belle McKissack 2021 University of Mississippi

Evaluation Of Whether Habitual Physical Activity Is Associated With An Attenuated Memory Interference Effect, Lilianne Belle Mckissack

Honors Theses

The relationship between exercise and memory is notable. Recently, there has been a sparked interest in studying the effects of exercise on attenuating memory interference. There have been several studies that have investigated whether acute exercise can attenuate memory interference. However, this thesis specifically studies the effects of habitual physical activity on attenuating the memory interference effect, which has been infrequently studied. One-hundred and nine young adults completed an online survey evaluating their physical activity behavior and memory interference, assessed via an AB/AC paradigm. We were effective in inducing proactive interference (p = .001), but physical activity was not associated ...


The Evaluation Of A Soft Skills Curriculum In Athletic Training Education: A Mixed Methods Study, Emily Duckett 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The Evaluation Of A Soft Skills Curriculum In Athletic Training Education: A Mixed Methods Study, Emily Duckett

Literacy Student Work

Purpose: Athletic Training Education Competencies (2011) include exhibiting empathy and compassion as foundational behaviors of practice. Despite abundant evidence supporting the importance of compassionate patient care, there is currently evidence to suggest that healthcare is experiencing a compassion crisis (Patel et al., 2019). The purpose of this study was to investigate the ways in which pre-professional athletic training students’ transfer knowledge from a soft skills curriculum to clinical practice. Methods: This study utilized an explanatory sequential mixed method design with a preliminary quantitative input (Morgan, 2014). Phase 1 of the study includes participants (n=19) enrolled in a pre-professional AT ...


Biomechanical Energetics Of Terrestrial Locomotion In California Sea Lions, Sarah Kerr 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Biomechanical Energetics Of Terrestrial Locomotion In California Sea Lions, Sarah Kerr

Biology Student Work

Pinnipedia, an order of semi-aquatic marine mammals, adapted a body design to locomote both aquatically and terrestrially. The limbs of these amphibious mammals are modified as flippers, which are beneficial for aquatic locomotion, but can limit their locomotion on land. Phocids (true seals) have reduced forelimbs and are unable to bring their hindlimbs beneath them during terrestrial locomotion. Otariids, like the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), have enlarged forelimbs and can bring their hindlimbs under the body to locomote quadrupedally on land. Due to these differences, phocids are expected to move on land with greater energetic costs compared to otariids ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Femoral Neck Strains During Stair Ascent And Descent, Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette, Timothy R. Derrick 2021 Beijing Sport University

Finite Element Analysis Of Femoral Neck Strains During Stair Ascent And Descent, Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette, Timothy R. Derrick

Kinesiology Publications

For older population, a better understanding of the hip joint loading environment is needed for the prevention of hip pain, and the reduction of the stress fractures and fall risks. Using the motion analysis and inverse dynamics methods, combined with musculoskeletal modelling, static optimization, and finite element (FE) femur model, the difference of femoral neck strains between stair ascent vs. descent, young vs. older populations was compared. A two-way repeated-measures MANOVA was applied to test the effect of age and stair direction on the femoral neck strains. The strains at the femoral neck cross-section were greater for stair descent than ...


S.O.S. For Covid-19 (Subjective And Objective Screening): Are Asymptomatic Cases Truly Without Warning Signs?, Nathan Hughes 2021 Wayne State Unviersity

S.O.S. For Covid-19 (Subjective And Objective Screening): Are Asymptomatic Cases Truly Without Warning Signs?, Nathan Hughes

Honors College Theses

This study investigates the usefulness of five objective signs, evaluates relationships between objective signs with symptoms of COVID-19, and assesses the accuracy of ambient forehead temperature with tympanic temperature. Data were collected at Wayne State University. Blood oxygen levels and blood pressure were measured via pulse oximeters and blood pressure cuff. Body temperature was measured with a thermometer via the temple and the forehead. Smell was tested with two scented markers. None of the 29 participants confirmed a positive COVID-19 test. Therefore, only relationships between vital sign measurements were reported. No significant correlations were revealed upon analysis. Infrared and temporal ...


Growing The Youth Olympic Games: Comparing Millennial Generation Sport Festival Engagement, Lawrence W. Judge, Jeffrey C. Petersen, David M. Bellar, Leeann M. Lower, Makenzie A. Schoeff, Amy S. Blake, Dagny Zupin, Nick Nordmann 2021 Ball State University

Growing The Youth Olympic Games: Comparing Millennial Generation Sport Festival Engagement, Lawrence W. Judge, Jeffrey C. Petersen, David M. Bellar, Leeann M. Lower, Makenzie A. Schoeff, Amy S. Blake, Dagny Zupin, Nick Nordmann

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 578-593, 2021. Despite the continued growth of the Olympic Games (OG), the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) has received minimal attention from mainstream media since its introduction in 2010. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare event awareness and consumption intention for the 2012 Winter YOG to two international sport events occurring in the same year. A survey instrument was utilized to examine and compare event awareness, consumption intention, and logo identification for three international sport events within a millennial generation sample. The study showed significant differences in personal and public ...


Interlimb Asymmetry Thresholds That Negatively Affect Change Of Direction Performance In Collegiate American Football Players, Nicolas M. Philipp, Derek A. Crawford, Matthew J. Garver, Dustin W. Davis, Josie Hair 2021 University of Central Missouri

Interlimb Asymmetry Thresholds That Negatively Affect Change Of Direction Performance In Collegiate American Football Players, Nicolas M. Philipp, Derek A. Crawford, Matthew J. Garver, Dustin W. Davis, Josie Hair

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 606-612, 2021. Researchers and strength and conditioning practitioners have had an increased interest in the effects of interlimb asymmetries on different aspects of sport performance over the past couple of years. Interlimb asymmetries have been found to negatively affect performance in key performance indicators (KPI) such as jumping, sprinting, and changing directions, within various sports populations. However, there is no consensus about a meaningful threshold at which asymmetries start to negatively affect KPIs or performance. The aim of this study was to investigate a potentially meaningful threshold for three asymmetry metrics (mean peak ...


Lack Of Correlation Between Natural Pelvic Tilt Angle With Hip Range Of Motion, And Hip Muscle Torque Ratio, Maria Cristina Herrera, Tal Amasay, Claire Egret 2021 Barry University

Lack Of Correlation Between Natural Pelvic Tilt Angle With Hip Range Of Motion, And Hip Muscle Torque Ratio, Maria Cristina Herrera, Tal Amasay, Claire Egret

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 594-605, 2021. Excessive anterior and posterior pelvic tilts (PT) angles are associated with overuse injuries of the lower limbs and of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex. There is a lack of evidence that correlates anterior and posterior PT angles with limited hip internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER), and hip muscles torque ratios. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between averaged anterior/posterior PT angle in standing position and hip IR and ER range of motion (ROM), hip adductors and abductors (Add/Abd) torque ratio, and hip flexors and extensors ...


The Effect Of Lumbar Support On Holding Shoulder Electromyography And Trunk Kinematics In Collegiate Violinists, Lauren Elizabeth Lee, Kevin Enstrom, Michael T. Soucy 2021 Pepperdine University

The Effect Of Lumbar Support On Holding Shoulder Electromyography And Trunk Kinematics In Collegiate Violinists, Lauren Elizabeth Lee, Kevin Enstrom, Michael T. Soucy

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Instrument-specific holding mechanics in violinists likely contribute to a high incidence of playing related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). The inclusion of a lumbar support while playing may alleviate potential risks for PRMDs. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of lumbar support on left holding shoulder musculature electromyography (EMG) activity and thigh, trunk, and hip kinematics. METHODS: Eleven (6 F; 5 M) collegiate musicians (19.5±1.3 years, 1.71±0.1 m, 68.1±7.7 kg, playing experience: 10.0±3.9 years, weekly playing time: 14.1±8.2 hours) gave voluntary informed consent and performed Prelude from Suite ...


Physical Activity Behavior Comparisons Between Adults With And Without Type 1 Diabetes, Cassandra M. Beattie, Jesse A. Stein, Katie Heinrich 2021 Kansas State University

Physical Activity Behavior Comparisons Between Adults With And Without Type 1 Diabetes, Cassandra M. Beattie, Jesse A. Stein, Katie Heinrich

Health Behavior Research

Physical activity (PA) is a widely accepted strategy to manage chronic diseases like type 1 diabetes; however, unique PA barriers likely result in lower PA levels among person(s) with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D), compared to person(s) without type 1 diabetes (PWOT1D). The integrated theory of health behavior change (ITHBC) (i.e., knowledge/beliefs, self-regulation, and self-management) provides a helpful framework for understanding PA and other health behaviors. This research aimed to determine differences in PA between adult PWT1D and PWOT1D, and characterize their PA-related behaviors using the ITHBC. Participants (N = 90; 86.7% female, 90% white) were recruited ...


Domestic Violence In The World Of Athletics, Abbigayle L. Gesler 2021 Ohio Northern University

Domestic Violence In The World Of Athletics, Abbigayle L. Gesler

ONU Student Research Colloquium

There is an ongoing debate whether athletics is linked to domestic violence in professional athletes or individuals who were athletes for a long period of time. The purpose of this research is to see if being an athlete leads to domestic violence, and if so, to find ways to decrease the numbers. Professional athletes with a history of domestic violence will be researched and this could help determine if there is a link between the two. To get an idea on aggression levels in athletes, the Buss & Perry Survey was sent out via email to all Ohio Northern students, athletes ...


The Effect Of Exercise Intensity On Markers Of Cognition In Children, Meek Lee 2021 Taylor University

The Effect Of Exercise Intensity On Markers Of Cognition In Children, Meek Lee

Celebration of Scholarship 2021

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of two different exercise intensities on various aspects of cognition. Methods: Four children (female=2, male=2, 8-14 years old) have participated in this study, which required three separate visits. The first visit consists of a VO2max test and four cognitive tasks. Visits 2 and 3 consist of a 15-min exercise bout followed by the four cognitive tasks. Visits 2 and 3 are identical except for the intensity of exercise (50% [moderate-intensity] or 75% [vigorous intensity] of VO2max). Results: Reaction time improved following vigorous intensity compared to moderate intensity in ...


Adherence To A Lifestyle Modification Program: What Can Baseline Differences Tell Us?, Grace Allan, Kristen Pogue 2021 Taylor University

Adherence To A Lifestyle Modification Program: What Can Baseline Differences Tell Us?, Grace Allan, Kristen Pogue

Celebration of Scholarship 2021

Obesity is a major risk factor for diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. To date, lifestyle modification programs have been shown to be effective in reducing obesity and related diseases, however, adherence to such programs is often poor. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine baseline differences between individuals who adhered to a lifestyle modification program and those who did not.


An Annual Training Plan For Collegiate Dance, Ashley R. German 2021 University of South Dakota

An Annual Training Plan For Collegiate Dance, Ashley R. German

Honors Thesis

The focus of this thesis is on developing an annual resistance training plan for collegiate dance with no test subjects. This project provides biomechanical, physiological, and injury analysis of collegiate dance. Based on the analysis, a research-based, linear resistance training program for the University of South Dakota Dance Team was created. The resistance training program follows basic strength and conditioning principles including specificity, overload, and periodization. Additionally, exercise selection, order, volume, and intensity were prescribed based on standards set forth by the National Strength and Conditioning Association. Generally, from off-season to in-season, exercises moved from general to specific, along with ...


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