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The Relationship Of Functional Test Performance With Proficiency And Injury Occurrence In High School Volleyball Players, Hannah Williams, Kaitlyn Peters 2022 Ohio Wesleyan University

The Relationship Of Functional Test Performance With Proficiency And Injury Occurrence In High School Volleyball Players, Hannah Williams, Kaitlyn Peters

Student Symposium

Understanding the relationships between functional performance tests and sport performance is important for sport coaches and trainers. The purpose of this study is twofold: (1) Do relationships exist between upper body and lower body functional tests and volleyball proficiency between upper-classmen (juniors, seniors) and lower-classmen (freshmen, sophomores) at the high school level? and (2) Can functional test performance predict injury occurrence throughout a travel volleyball season?

The participant sample included 52 high school-aged club volleyball athletes (aged 14-18) recruited from 2 volleyball clubs located in Columbus, OH.

This is a prospective research design in which each participant was tested in ...


Can Functional Tests Predict Throwing Velocity Or Batting-Exit Velocity In Division Iii Collegiate Baseball: A Predictive Validity Investigation, Lucas Stetter, Luigi Russo 2022 Ohio Wesleyan University

Can Functional Tests Predict Throwing Velocity Or Batting-Exit Velocity In Division Iii Collegiate Baseball: A Predictive Validity Investigation, Lucas Stetter, Luigi Russo

Student Symposium

Understanding the relationships between functional performance tests and actual sport performance is important for sport coaches and trainers. The purpose of this study is twofold: (1) Do relationships exist between upper body, lower body or whole-body tests of strength and power with throwing or batting velocity (2) Which variable or group of variables best predict the sport-specific tasks of throwing and batting velocity.


Impact Of Covid-19 On Occupational Therapy Service Delivery In Public Schools, Amanda Ciccone 2022 Ohio Wesleyan University

Impact Of Covid-19 On Occupational Therapy Service Delivery In Public Schools, Amanda Ciccone

Student Symposium

The COVID-19 pandemic had a major effect across the US, but the impact on the school system was a major focus within the media. Due to federal legislation, public schools are required to provide accommodations to children with disabilities in order to make them successful in schools. There is a lack of research on the effect COVID-19 had on related services which these students are provided. To bring more understanding to this aspect of the public school system, this study investigated the impact COVID-19 had on the delivery of occupational therapy services provided to children with disabilities in Ohio public ...


The Effects Of Aquatic Therapy On The Motor Skill And Behavioral Development Of Children With Autism Or Autism Spectrum Disorder, Elysian Majeske 2022 Ouachita Baptist University

The Effects Of Aquatic Therapy On The Motor Skill And Behavioral Development Of Children With Autism Or Autism Spectrum Disorder, Elysian Majeske

Honors Theses

An experiment was done on the benefits of aquatic therapy for children with autism or autism spectrum disorder. Swim lessons were administered to a nine-year-old child with autism twice a week for eight weeks over the summer. The child's motor movements and behavior were analyzed and recorded every two weeks. The child's response to touch, instructions and facial expressions were measured on a 1-5 scale. The distance kicked with a kickboard, time spent with face in the water, number of stimming motions, and number of echolalia repetitions were recorded with tally marks. Results were analyzed and compared to ...


Rock Climbing Therapy For Individuals With Disabilities, Grace Loftin 2022 Ouachita Baptist University

Rock Climbing Therapy For Individuals With Disabilities, Grace Loftin

Honors Theses

This thesis explores what it means to be living with a disability, the background of cerebral palsy, and how participating in a climbing program can benefit these individuals and improve their quality of life. These advantages are discussed in detail and how further research on this topic may be conducted is expanded upon


Association Of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Assessed Muscle Oxidative Capacity Between Collegiate Cross-Country Athletes And College Students, James Brown, Riley Melton 2022 Coastal Carolina University

Association Of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Assessed Muscle Oxidative Capacity Between Collegiate Cross-Country Athletes And College Students, James Brown, Riley Melton

Undergraduate Research Competition

Muscle oxidative capacity (MOC) is the maximum rate at which the muscle can utilize oxygen to meet the energy demand of exercise. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurement of muscle oxygen uptake (mVO2) during brief arterial occlusions has shown to be a valid, reliable indicator of MOC, but is affected by aerobic fitness. It is unclear if the NIRS measurement can detect a difference in MOC in populations of varying aerobic fitness. The purpose is to compare MOC between collegiate cross-country runners and age-matched college students. Maximal oxygen uptake will be measured from an individualized treadmill test to characterize aerobic fitness. MOC ...


Combining Physical And Mental Practices Of A Dart-Throwing Task Enhances Motor Learning And Impacts Psychological Skills, Joy Carlson, Hannah Walker, Mackenzie Manning, Hannah Dresner 2022 Coastal Carolina University

Combining Physical And Mental Practices Of A Dart-Throwing Task Enhances Motor Learning And Impacts Psychological Skills, Joy Carlson, Hannah Walker, Mackenzie Manning, Hannah Dresner

Undergraduate Research Competition

Determining practical ways to improve motor skill learning is crucial to enhancing behavior. Combining Visualization technique with dart throwing practice could impact positively skill learning. This study aimed to investigate whether the combination of dart-throwing skill practice and visualization would enhance motor learning. Fifty-three participants were divided in two groups ([1] visualization + dart; [2] dart group). Groups performed pretest of 10 trials, followed by 60 practice trials (6 blocks of 10 throws) with 1-minute break between blocks. Importantly, the Visualization + dart group practiced visualization during the 1-min breaks between blocks, while the Dart group read a nutrition paper during breaks ...


Organic Chemistry Through Dance, Holly Gibson 2022 Stephen F Austin State University

Organic Chemistry Through Dance, Holly Gibson

Undergraduate Research Conference

This research project explores representing organic chemistry mechanisms using dance. Dancers represent molecules, electrons, and atoms in demonstrating the movement of electrons and bonds created and broken by the movement. It was concluded that some organic mechanisms and ideas can be easily transferred to a dance concept, while others take more time and exploration. Additionally, dancers representing the atoms and electrons were able to have a better grasp of what was occurring, regardless of chemical education background. This leads to the conclusion of a new way to implement kinesthetic learning into the chemistry classroom. The purpose of the videos are ...


The Bigger They Are: Relationships Between Body Height And Mass With The Body Drag Task In Law Enforcement Recruits, Robert G. Lockie, J. Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr, Joseph Dulla 2022 California State University, Fullerton

The Bigger They Are: Relationships Between Body Height And Mass With The Body Drag Task In Law Enforcement Recruits, Robert G. Lockie, J. Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr, Joseph Dulla

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 570-584, 2022. California law enforcement recruits must perform a body drag before they graduate academy. While this task may be challenging for smaller recruits, no research has analyzed height and body mass relationships with the body drag. Data from 643 recruits (542 males, 101 females) who completed the drag in the final weeks of academy were analyzed. The recruits lifted a 74.84-kg, 1.73-m tall dummy and dragged it 9.75 m as quickly as possible. Independent samples t-tests compared the sexes; partial correlations controlling for sex detailed relationships between height ...


Hamstring To Quadriceps Ratio In Female Collegiate Lacrosse Players, Lindsey Smith 2022 Lindenwood University

Hamstring To Quadriceps Ratio In Female Collegiate Lacrosse Players, Lindsey Smith

Student Academic Showcase

Decreased hamstrings strength relative to quadriceps strength (H:Q) is a potential risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the H:Q at varying angular velocities in female collegiate lacrosse athletes. METHODS: Twenty-three female collegiate lacrosse athletes volunteered for this study. Concentric peak torques were utilized to determine H:Q for both legs by isokinetic dynamometry at 60°/s, 180°/s, and 300°/s. RESULTS: There was no significant interaction for H:Q between legs at different angular velocities. There was a significant main effect for angular velocity. CONCLUSION: Hamstrings peak torque relative to quadriceps increases ...


Workloads Of Collegiate Female Lacrosse Athletes During A Division Ii National Championship Season, Paige Sutton 2022 Lindenwood University

Workloads Of Collegiate Female Lacrosse Athletes During A Division Ii National Championship Season, Paige Sutton

Student Academic Showcase

There is a paucity of data on workloads in collegiate female lacrosse players. PURPOSE: Determine internal and external workloads of collegiate female lacrosse players. METHODS: Heart rate (HR), perceived exertion, and GPS data were analyzed from 19 collegiate female lacrosse players throughout an entire National Championship season. RESULTS: Except for average HR (p=0.494), workload variables were significantly less during training compared to games. Average practice duration was shorter than average gameday duration (p


Assessment Of Skeletal Muscle Characteristics In Female Collegiate Cheer Athletes, Amy Meyers, Esther Duncan, Blair Besancenez, Claire Gruenke, Petey Mumford 2022 Lindenwood University

Assessment Of Skeletal Muscle Characteristics In Female Collegiate Cheer Athletes, Amy Meyers, Esther Duncan, Blair Besancenez, Claire Gruenke, Petey Mumford

Student Academic Showcase

PURPOSE: To examine training modalities and muscle architecture characteristics between legs in collegiate cheer athletes. METHODS: Thirteen female collegiate cheer athletes (19 ± 1 years, 164.3 ± 6.8 cm, 63.0 ± 10.2 kg) were assessed for anthropometrics, a survey to assess type of training outside of cheer practice, and B mode ultrasound on both legs during a single visit. All ultrasound images were analyzed at 50% of the vastus lateralis for muscle thickness (MT), pennation angle (PA), and fascicle length (FL). RESULTS: Type of exercise training outside of practice counts: endurance (2), resistance (2), mixed (6), and do not ...


Assessing Collegiate Esports Players, Nicholas Andrews, Petey W. Mumford 2022 Lindenwood University

Assessing Collegiate Esports Players, Nicholas Andrews, Petey W. Mumford

Student Academic Showcase

Little is known about the training habits and supplementation practices by collegiate Esports players. Supplements are widely used in the United States and in 2021 eighty percent of the adult population used dietary supplements (1). Additionally, supplement use is also high among athletes where one meta-analysis in 1994 showed that of the 10,274 male and female athletes surveyed 46% of the college athletes and 59% of the elite athletes used dietary supplements (2). With this information it is interesting to ponder if a similar percentage of college Esports athletes are using supplements. However, to date there has been no ...


Interlimb Asymmetries Differ Between Bilateral And Unilateral Countermovement Jump, Meghan Rea 2022 Lindenwood University

Interlimb Asymmetries Differ Between Bilateral And Unilateral Countermovement Jump, Meghan Rea

Student Academic Showcase

Measuring interlimb asymmetries is an important when evaluating injury risk and rehabilitation in athletes. PURPOSE: To compare the magnitude of interlimb asymmetries when performing a bilateral and unilateral CMJ. METHODS: Twenty-three female collegiate lacrosse athletes volunteered for this study. Athletes performed three bilateral CMJ and three unilateral CMJ using each leg. Data from the two jumps with highest height was averaged. Interlimb asymmetries were calculated as percent interlimb difference: (100/(maximum value)*(minimum value)*-1+100). RESULTS: Unilateral CMJ height revealed an average 12.2 ± 9.7% interlimb difference. Asymmetries were significantly different between CMJ styles when measuring peak breaking ...


Worse Exercise Habits And Diminished Body Image Perception In College Students, Is Covid-19 To Blame?, Lois Jeanette Anderson 2022 University of North Georgia

Worse Exercise Habits And Diminished Body Image Perception In College Students, Is Covid-19 To Blame?, Lois Jeanette Anderson

Honors Theses

Early reports during the COVID-19 pandemic suggested that the public health safety measures associated with COVID-19 were creating negative consequences on individual’s physical and mental health (Huckins et al., 2020; Salazar de Pablo et al., 2020). These public health safety measures, including campus facility closures and limited capacities coupled with indoor mask-mandates, potentially influenced post-secondary students’ ability and/or willingness to participate in physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to explore the possible impact that COVID-19 had on body image perceptions among these students considering the predicted decrease in physical activity participation among the population. This ...


Tri-Set Training System Induces A High Muscle Swelling With Short Time Commitment In Resistance-Trained Subjects: A Cross-Over Study, Julio Benvenutti Bueno de Camargo, Rafael Sakai Zaroni, Antônio Carlos Tavares Júnior, Thiago Pires de Oliveira, Thiago Barbosa Trindade, Charles Ricardo Lopes, Felipe Brigatto 2022 Methodist University of Piracicaba, Sao Paulo

Tri-Set Training System Induces A High Muscle Swelling With Short Time Commitment In Resistance-Trained Subjects: A Cross-Over Study, Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Rafael Sakai Zaroni, Antônio Carlos Tavares Júnior, Thiago Pires De Oliveira, Thiago Barbosa Trindade, Charles Ricardo Lopes, Felipe Brigatto

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 561-569, 2022. The purpose of the present study was to assess performance and morphological acute responses to the tri-set (TRI) resistance-training system. In a random order, 18 subjects (years: 30.0 ± 5.6; weight: 81.8 ± 13.4 kg; height: 173 ± 6.2 cm; RT experience: 4.6 ± 1.7 years) performed 3 exercises targeting the pectoralis major muscle in two different experimental conditions: traditional system (TRAD) and TRI. The TRAD protocol referred to the completion of a single exercise set followed by a rest period. For the TRI protocol, one set of ...


Carbonyl Iron Vs Ferrous Sulfate On Blood Iron Markers In Male Division Iii Cross-Country Athletes, Sam Gunter 2022 University of Lynchburg

Carbonyl Iron Vs Ferrous Sulfate On Blood Iron Markers In Male Division Iii Cross-Country Athletes, Sam Gunter

Student Scholar Showcase

Competitive distance runners are often predisposed to developing iron deficiency. This study aimed to determine if carbonyl iron was more effective at maintaining blood iron markers and minimizing overall fatigue and GI stress than ferrous sulfate. In this randomized, independent groups study, 7 male, division III cross-country athletes were supplemented with either carbonyl iron or ferrous sulfate for 6 weeks. Blood hemoglobin, hematocrit, subjective GI distress, subjective fatigue, and relative exertion of recent training were assessed at baseline, 3 and 6 weeks. Results will be analyzed via a detailed analysis of variance to determine significant differences in outcome measures. Statistical ...


Self-Reported Arm Function Is Associated With Stress And Fear Of Physical Activity Among Women Treated For Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Anne Fleischer, Kimberly Ulmer, Megan McClure, Renee Waldron, Lynn DiFede 2022 University of Dayton

Self-Reported Arm Function Is Associated With Stress And Fear Of Physical Activity Among Women Treated For Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Anne Fleischer, Kimberly Ulmer, Megan Mcclure, Renee Waldron, Lynn Difede

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Self-reported upper extremity function and objective measures are not strongly associated with each other in women treated for breast cancer (BC). It is not known if the lack of relationship between self-reported upper extremity function and objective measurements may be influenced by perceived levels of stress and fear of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between self-reported upper extremity function and the following: perceived stress levels (PS), fear of physical activity (FPA), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and objective measures of upper extremity function among women treated for BC.

Methods: This cross-sectional observational ...


Impact Of A Family History Of Hypertension And Physical Activity On Left Ventricular Mass, Evan L. Matthews, Kerry N. Callaghan, Peter A. Hosick, Michael S. Brian 2022 Montclair State University

Impact Of A Family History Of Hypertension And Physical Activity On Left Ventricular Mass, Evan L. Matthews, Kerry N. Callaghan, Peter A. Hosick, Michael S. Brian

Research Data

A positive family history of hypertension (FHH) (+FHH) is associated with elevated left ventricular mass (LVM). Regular physical activity (PA) may eliminate differences in LVM between +FHH and negative family history of hypertension (-FHH) adults. PURPOSE: To determine if a +FHH is associated with a greater LVM compared to a -FHH group within a sample of young, mostly active healthy adults with and without statistically controlling for PA. METHODS: Healthy young (18-32yrs) participants self-reported FHH status and habitual moderate and vigorous PA frequency. Participants then underwent an echocardiogram. RESULTS: Of the 61 participants, 32 (M=11, W=21; non-active=8 ...


The Effects Of Wearable Health Technology On Cancer Survivors’ Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, And Weight: A Meta-Analysis, Daphne Blount, Rui Zhang, Anne Blaes, Zan Gao 2022 University of Minnesota

The Effects Of Wearable Health Technology On Cancer Survivors’ Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, And Weight: A Meta-Analysis, Daphne Blount, Rui Zhang, Anne Blaes, Zan Gao

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Wearable health technology (WHT) has been suggested as a health intervention in preventing or reducing health risk factors in clinical populations. Cancer survivors exhibit risk factors prior to cancer diagnosis and acquire comorbidities as a result of their treatment. These conditions may increase likelihood of cancer recurrence and reduce quality of life by inhibiting survivors’ physiological function and predisposing them to other maladies. Several studies have suggested WHTs as an intervention in mitigating these risks. However, there lacks a comprehensive review of the current evidence to determine the efficacy of WHT interventions. Thus, a literature search of WHT studies within ...


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