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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Hiding In Plain Sight: Stigmatization Of Emotional Stress Among Law Enforcement Officers At The Department Of Public Safety And Training In Salem, Oregon, Sarah Meyr May 2020

Hiding In Plain Sight: Stigmatization Of Emotional Stress Among Law Enforcement Officers At The Department Of Public Safety And Training In Salem, Oregon, Sarah Meyr

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

This proposed study will examine the ways in which junior police officers perceive the stigma of emotional stress, and in turn how the stigma is perceived by more seasoned officers. Is the stigma all that stands in the way of officers accessing professional services to help them develop ways to cope with the stress accumulated in their official capacities? What, exactly, is at the root of the perceived stigma regarding professional counseling or the need to seek assistance? Drawing on personal observation and interviews with officers at the Oregon Department of Public Safety and Training, this study will explore the ...


Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma May 2020

Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

How does the image of the decrepit dead body manifest itself in art? Enlightenment thought had problematically conceived of Europe as at the forefront of knowledge while the rest of the world lagged behind. Christ's body is the original cadaver in Western images, but around the seventeenth century the trend of more secular understandings and depictions of the dead body arose. European anatomical knowledge was also making its way to East Asia around the same time. Non-Europeans were presumed to either lack the investigative spirit or more sinisterly, lack the skill. However, Japanese Buddhist art of the kusozu, or ...


Library Support For Course Materials, Sara Duff, Rich Gause, Sarah A. Norris May 2020

Library Support For Course Materials, Sara Duff, Rich Gause, Sarah A. Norris

Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

Whether you’re teaching online or face-to-face, UCF Libraries provide access to a variety of materials that can support your courses — from journal articles, streaming videos, e-books, and more. But, these materials have a wide variety of access models that are not always evident. In this session, UCF Librarians Sara Duff, Rich Gause, and Sarah Norris will share how to navigate the plethora of resources available to support teaching and learning with a particular emphasis on resources that can be used during remote teaching during emergency circumstances. How to access these materials and ensure they’re accessible by students, as ...


Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman May 2020

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Article 1 of the US Constitution assigns the US Congress numerous responsibilities. These include creating new laws, revising existing laws, funding government programs, and conducting oversight of these programs' performance. Oversight of US Government agency space policy programs is executed by various congressional space policy committees including the House and Senate Science Committees, Armed Services, and Appropriations Committees. These committees conduct many public hearings on space policy, which invite expert witnesses to testify on US space policy programs and feature debate on the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Documentation produced by these committees is widely available to the public ...


Compounded Effects Of The Model Minority Stereotype And Lack Of Social Capital Among Vietnamese American Students, Brooke Olivia Quach May 2020

Compounded Effects Of The Model Minority Stereotype And Lack Of Social Capital Among Vietnamese American Students, Brooke Olivia Quach

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This study hopes to document how structures within the public education system affects the educational attainment of first-generation Vietnamese American students. Educational attainment significantly depends on student's social networks and resources, as these dynamics can affect whether they feel like they can attain a higher degree after high school. In other words, social capital and socioeconomic status can have a significant impact an individual's aspirations. In this study, I examine and investigate the educational attainment of Vietnamese American students and the obstacles they face in applying to and attending college. This attainment process includes the different variables that ...


Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind: Is Trauma Too Important To Be Erased, Eleanor Mcnamee May 2020

Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind: Is Trauma Too Important To Be Erased, Eleanor Mcnamee

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Trauma is largely responsible for shaping personalities and self-concepts. Tragedies in life can cause shifts in behavior or can negatively affect mental health in the way of disorders such as PTSD, anxiety, or depression. Furthermore, the effect of traumatic events on identity depends on a plethora of factors including spirituality, values, gender, the details of the event (e.g. a natural disaster vs. sexual assault), and whether justice was reached. In this regard, whether a traumatic event will help or hinder identity development is nebulous. Any helpful changes due to trauma can also come at any point after the event ...


Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong May 2020

Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Why is there a growing divide between communities working on human rights advocacy and humanitarian aid delivery in North Korea? At first glance, it is easy to think that humanitarian aid workers and human rights advocates for North Korea must be working towards the same goals because they sound similar. The definition of the two areas indeed overlap, but there has arguably been no reconciliation or formal cooperation. Whether it happens in academic scholarship, politics, or personal Twitter feuds, professionals working on these two areas describe an increasing sense of divide that often puts them in conflict. Three factors (ideological ...


Mass Media's Ideology Of Middle Eastern Terror And The Impossibility Of The Individual, Mohammed Khalid May 2020

Mass Media's Ideology Of Middle Eastern Terror And The Impossibility Of The Individual, Mohammed Khalid

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The so-called "war on terror" launched in the aftermath of 9/11 created a seismic shift in public discourse about a terrorism threat. Shaping this discourse was a galvanized U.S. media with a dominating ideology about the Middle Eastern terrorist, the ISIS member, the Jihadist, etc. As Arabs and Muslims became increasingly visible to the U.S. public, panic-riddled reactions to this "Middle Eastern terrorist" immediately mutated to drumbeats of war to punish "others" for acts of terrorism, a group of others. This project examines how U.S. media is an important influencer in shaping public opinion throughout the ...


Decision Tree For Predicting The Party Of Legislators, Afsana Mimi May 2020

Decision Tree For Predicting The Party Of Legislators, Afsana Mimi

Publications and Research

The motivation of the project is to identify the legislators who voted frequently against their party in terms of their roll call votes using Office of Clerk U.S. House of Representatives Data Sets collected in 2018 and 2019. We construct a model to predict the parties of legislators based on their votes. The method we used is Decision Tree from Data Mining. Python was used to collect raw data from internet, SAS was used to clean data, and all other calculations and graphical presentations are performed using the R software.


Copyright, Fair Use & Online Teaching During Emergency Circumstances, Sarah A. Norris, Rich Gause May 2020

Copyright, Fair Use & Online Teaching During Emergency Circumstances, Sarah A. Norris, Rich Gause

Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

The session will provide a bit of information on fair use (exploring the four fair use factors in depth) and other components that will be helpful for faulty as they consider the materials they need when teaching online, especially during the public health crisis related to COVID-19.


The Tweet Speaks For Itself: A Case Study Of The "St. Louis Manifest" Twitter Account, Zili Chang May 2020

The Tweet Speaks For Itself: A Case Study Of The "St. Louis Manifest" Twitter Account, Zili Chang

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Historians have long studied the concept of a "usable past" understood as the selective application of the past to the present to establish identity or achieve a goal. In the twenty-first century, this concept has become pertinent to social media platforms, which have changed the way humans engage in activism. One important intersection of history, social media, and activism converges in a Twitter account titled "St. Louis Manifest." The account is a curated site of memory, and as the most recent evolution of the story of the 1939 Jewish refugee ship, the M.S. St. Louis, it serves as a ...


Why Can't We Be Friends: Use Of Imagined Contact In Changing Attitudes Towards Outgroups, Audrey Greder, Rachel Kain, Olivia Lutz, Rachel Miyazaki May 2020

Why Can't We Be Friends: Use Of Imagined Contact In Changing Attitudes Towards Outgroups, Audrey Greder, Rachel Kain, Olivia Lutz, Rachel Miyazaki

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The contact hypothesis states that a person or group is more likely to have a positive attitude towards an outgroup when put into direct contact with a member or several members of an outgroup. Research has shown, however, that simply imagining the contact can illicit the same outcomes in attitude changes. An applied research experiment was conducted to test whether the used of imagined contact scenarios would improve attitudes towards outgroups. Partially replicating an experiment by Bagci, Piyale, Bircek, and Ebcim (2018), seventy-six participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups, including, the control group, the imagined contact group ...


"A Tryst With Animosity": The Souring Of Indo-American Relations From 1947 To 1971, Aditya Dev Varma May 2020

"A Tryst With Animosity": The Souring Of Indo-American Relations From 1947 To 1971, Aditya Dev Varma

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper explores multi-decade tensions in Indo-American relations, emphasizing the formative nature of the colonial legacy on India's foreign policy and resulting conflict with the Truman Doctrine. By examining the popular perception of foreign policy through newspapers and State Department records, I illustrate how each nation's sovereign agenda colored their reception of the other's global initiatives. The year 1947 marked a point of departure in American foreign policy in two respects; a renewed commitment to economic and military engagement with global affairs under the presidency of Harry Truman, and an expanded interest in diplomacy with developing nations ...


Selective Censorship: How Bollywood Is Pushing The Boundaries Of Indian Censorship Law, Jordan Hall May 2020

Selective Censorship: How Bollywood Is Pushing The Boundaries Of Indian Censorship Law, Jordan Hall

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Indian filmmakers are struggling with the ever changing governmental beliefs on censorship throughout the different eras of political rule over the past 20 years. The government has strict rules on what film can and cannot show, yet the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) often ignores rules of violence and instead focuses their energy on restricting scenes considered anti-Indian or too sexual. While literature on the issue focuses on censorship under the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), researchers do not compare the censorship the BJP enforces to the censorship other ruling parties enforce. The research will take three movies from three ...


From Outside The Beltway: Minorities In The Early-20th Century Labor Movement, Hunter Douglas Whann May 2020

From Outside The Beltway: Minorities In The Early-20th Century Labor Movement, Hunter Douglas Whann

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper argues that organized labor's racially discriminatory practices of the early 1900s effectively served to disenfranchise African Americans and immigrants from the American political process. Twentieth-century notions of race and ethnicity limited broad sympathy amongst minorities and immigrants, further dividing the labor movement. Because unions provide labor leaders a rank-and-file membership to mobilize in support of candidates, politicians are receptive to their preferences. Labor unions' exclusion of minorities therefore robbed them of a voice in government. Racism abounded in the United States, not just within the labor movement. However, such discrimination served to withhold both economic and political ...


Undoing The Leges: Marketization And Citizens United, Emily Ann Donlevy May 2020

Undoing The Leges: Marketization And Citizens United, Emily Ann Donlevy

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The Supreme Court's 2010 decision in Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission was hailed by some as a victory for free speech and economic freedom, but others decried the outcome as a prioritization of corporate interests over the individual. What both groups failed to notice was that a shift had occurred in law itself: the content was no longer legal or political. Using the work of Wendy Brown and David Harvey, I will track the cause and implications of this shift. Brown describes the process of marketization, in which the content of the political is hollowed out and replaced ...


Veni, Vidi, Vendidi: The Economics Of Cultural Change In The Roman West, Alexander Reed May 2020

Veni, Vidi, Vendidi: The Economics Of Cultural Change In The Roman West, Alexander Reed

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The cultural shift which occurred in the Roman West during the final century BC and first century AD marks a watershed moment in European history, as the inhabitants of Rome's vast imperial holdings began to abandon their old ways of life in favor of a new set of Greco-Roman customs and values, an event of indelible influence upon the languages, legal systems, and cultural traditions which arose following the collapse of the central government in 476. Numerous theories have been put forward to explain this dramatic shift in the cultural landscape of the period, from suggestions that the common ...


An Examination Of Non-Traditional Bridal Wear And Its Primary Consumer, Erica Thalmann, Kristina Dimaria May 2020

An Examination Of Non-Traditional Bridal Wear And Its Primary Consumer, Erica Thalmann, Kristina Dimaria

Senior Honors Projects

Bridal wear has traditionally been viewed as big white dresses. But as times change, so do brides’ preferences for bridal wear. Jumpsuits, rompers, short dresses, and other “non-traditional” choices are experiencing an increased demand in the market. Unfortunately, brides who seek these options are often not met with a promising assortment. This study examined primary consumers of non-traditional bridal wear. Specifically, we sought to find out whether women who belong to the LGBTQ community choose to consume more non-traditional bridal wear compared to heterosexual brides. The study also examined through which channels (e.g., online, in store, etc.) consumers predominantly ...


Observing Waste Production And Bringing Sustainable Options To The Houses In Fraternity Circle, Lindsay Travers May 2020

Observing Waste Production And Bringing Sustainable Options To The Houses In Fraternity Circle, Lindsay Travers

Senior Honors Projects

In our ever-changing world, focusing on sustainability has become important due to human-caused climate change. As a result of our world changing and advancing, the majority of the population now moves at a fast pace. In some cases, this speed of living requires the easiest route possible when it comes to using resources or disposing of items. However, there have been many advancements that have given our world options to be more sustainable. In the 1970’s, recycling was introduced and groups ranging from large corporations to individual households began recycling items and reducing their overall waste production. This was ...


Who Is More Motivated To Answer Survey Questions: Men Or Women?, Anthony Jenkins Jr. May 2020

Who Is More Motivated To Answer Survey Questions: Men Or Women?, Anthony Jenkins Jr.

Scholars Day Conference

There are a wide range of factors that are considered motivators. Each individual is motivated differently. Before starting, I suspected that women would be more motivated to take this survey than men. This was based on the research I did involving the different ways males are motivated versus females.


The Best Intentions: An Exploration Of Cross-Cultural Interactions And Humanitarian Aid In Rural Mozambique, Ian Donahue May 2020

The Best Intentions: An Exploration Of Cross-Cultural Interactions And Humanitarian Aid In Rural Mozambique, Ian Donahue

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In 2019 the East African nation of Mozambique, currently ranked as having one of the lowest GDPs per capita in the world, suffered the impact of two devastating cyclones in as many months. In response to the damage inflicted, various international humanitarian teams directed their efforts to distribute emergency aid throughout the country, including in remote island and inland communities along the coast. This paper explores the effect of cross-cultural interactions on the distribution of aid within these rural communities via the lenses of Cultural Anthropology and theories of cross-cultural communications. Through a brief case study of the interactions between ...


Reconciliation And Resistance From The Ground Up: The Power Of Affect In Chicago's Community Gardens, Olivia Lee May 2020

Reconciliation And Resistance From The Ground Up: The Power Of Affect In Chicago's Community Gardens, Olivia Lee

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Chicago is the second city -- after Milwaukee in segregation. In the impoverished, primarily black neighborhoods on the South Side of the city, community gardens are a spatial break with and grassroots activism against the grim landscape of economic, structural, and physical violence. But what is the gardens' social valence when they seem unable to countervail the corrupt city politics, not to mention domestic and global economies which circumscribe the courses of the residents' lives? Drawing on affect theory, I illustrate how the slow and uneventful healing of personal tragedies in Chicago's community gardens is a quiet, nascent resistance against ...


Extra! Extra! Read All About It: Cultural Heritage Conservation In The Media, Bailey Elaine Pekar May 2020

Extra! Extra! Read All About It: Cultural Heritage Conservation In The Media, Bailey Elaine Pekar

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The news cycle as a whole has previously been studied to some extent, answering questions about how Americans choose to get their news and the news cycle of a hoax (Agiesta 2014; Lapoe 2013). However, a study of the news cycle specifically focused on cultural heritage conservation has not been undertaken before. While art and culture has been included as an aspect of the news cycle in other studies, the specific focus on cultural heritage conservation here is what makes this study unique.

In order to understand how the news cycle includes cultural heritage conservation, this research took two phases ...


Activism Throughout The Years At Johns Hopkins University, Lubna Azmi May 2020

Activism Throughout The Years At Johns Hopkins University, Lubna Azmi

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My research focuses on activism at Johns Hopkins University starting from the year 1957 with a black student activist by the name of Donald Perry, protesting for equal rights for black students on the JHU campus. The research centers on how activism has developed from then analyzing the focuses of protest, who was protesting, and how Johns Hopkins played a part as a powerful institution within each period of time. It contrasts how activism has changed with a focus on the catalysts that sprouted each movement of social justice. Donald Perry himself is a part of my research. His role ...


Preference Or Prejudice?: Does Phenotype Influence Interracial Dating And Mating Attitudes Among African American And Latino College Students?, Kela Allen May 2020

Preference Or Prejudice?: Does Phenotype Influence Interracial Dating And Mating Attitudes Among African American And Latino College Students?, Kela Allen

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Historical evidence has shown that issues of skin tone (e.g., the lightness or darkness of one's skin color) are embedded in the lives of African Americans and Latinos (Childs, 2005; Cobas & Qian, 2004; Landor & McNeil Smith, 2019). Skin tone bias originates from the idea that European phenotypic characteristics (e.g., lighter skin, thinner lips, and straighter hair) are more desirable than the other end of the spectrum (darker skin, fuller lips, kinkier hair) (Bany, Feliciano, Robnett, 2014). Research suggests that European phenotypic characteristics are considered more desirable when selecting a partner (Hunter, 2007; Landor, 2017). Using data from a sample of 145 African American and Latino college students (African American, n = 91 or Latino, n = 54) who participated in the Health and Relationships During College (HRDC) study, I conducted hierarchical regression analyses to determine how European phenotypic characteristics (e.g., lighter skin, thinner lips, lighter hair color, and straighter hair) influences interracial mating and dating attitudes for African American ...


Exploring Why Women Use #Metoo To Share Personal Experiences Of Sexual Assault: A Qualitative Descriptive Study, Katelin Smith May 2020

Exploring Why Women Use #Metoo To Share Personal Experiences Of Sexual Assault: A Qualitative Descriptive Study, Katelin Smith

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In October 2017 millions of women shared their experiences with sexual assault and harassment via social media platforms as part the #metoo movement. A surprising feature of the #metoo movement was women's openness to share these experiences on public forums including Twitter and Facebook. Few studies have explored the factors that led women to share their personal experiences. This proposed project will use qualitative in-depth interviews to: 1) describe the motivations of women leading them to share their experiences with sexual assault and/or harassment, and 2) elucidate how sharing these experiences on social media impacts upon their recovery ...


Case Study: Horse Drawn Carriages In Philadelphia, Bibi Khan, Michael Jones, Hamid Bertal, Regina Tendayi May 2020

Case Study: Horse Drawn Carriages In Philadelphia, Bibi Khan, Michael Jones, Hamid Bertal, Regina Tendayi

School of Continuing and Professional Studies Presentations

Hypothesis

Horse & Carriage ride business is not sustainable.

Supply & Demand: Awareness of inhumane treatment of carriage horses will lead to the decline of demand for the rides which leads to decline in revenue. This is not sustainable.


Sustainable Journalism Education: A Curriculum Review And Revision Of The Winona State Journalism Program, Doug Westerman May 2020

Sustainable Journalism Education: A Curriculum Review And Revision Of The Winona State Journalism Program, Doug Westerman

Leadership Education Capstones

This report seeks to understand the current state of the journalism program at Winona State University (WSU). Through faculty interviews, a survey of students, and a review of journalism curriculums throughout the country, the report concludes with curriculum recommendations, in the hope of assuring, maintaining and sustaining the WSU journalism program in the ever-changing news ecosystem.


Senior Bonner Reflection, Emily Shiplett Apr 2020

Senior Bonner Reflection, Emily Shiplett

Bonner Presentations

The mission of the Bonner Program is to transform the lives of students and members, their campuses, their local communities, and the world through service and leadership. The Bonner Program is designed to heighten the overall education students and members receive by asking them to engage in ongoing service work and helping them develop the experience, skills, knowledge, and values necessary to make that work meaningful and lasting. In this presentation, Emily Shiplett describes the people and experiences which were most meaningful to her throughout her years in the Bonner Program at Ursinus College.


Strange Frequencies: Development Of A Post-Human Sequential Narrative, Jessica Young Apr 2020

Strange Frequencies: Development Of A Post-Human Sequential Narrative, Jessica Young

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Posthumanism embodies a wide-ranging scope of philosophies, including works of transhumanism dealing with cybernetics or androids. Few works treat advanced technological developments like A.I. and androids as equal to, or companions to humanity. In many literary works in the genre of posthumanism, the lead characters are humans after the collapse or evolution of modern societies. Despite potentials for future technology to be equally as intelligent as humans, there remains a limited number of stories treating android or A.I. characters as main characters and narrative lenses. This project developed a posthumanist narrative that grapples with questions of humanity, spirituality ...