Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

MS Powerpoint

Political Science

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 118

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

U.S. Government Military And Space Force Literature, Bert Chapman Oct 2020

U.S. Government Military And Space Force Literature, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Established in 2018, the U.S. Space Force is the newest branch of the U.S. military. The reality of space as an arena for international geopolitical and military competition has been around for decades in scholarly literature. This presentation will examine recently published and publicly accessible U.S. Government and military literature on Space Force. These works examine various economic, military, and political aspects of this entity and how it may affect U.S. national security policy in years to come.


Public Policy Origins Of U.S. Data, Bert Chapman Oct 2020

Public Policy Origins Of U.S. Data, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides detailed introduction and overview of public policy origins of U.S. data. Shows how congressional legislation and Office of Management and Budget documents influence compilation and dissemination of U.S. Government data. Stresses how Indiana General Assembly requirements influence compilation of Indiana state agency data and Indiana local government agency data. Places emphasis on roles played in data compilation and dissemination by public policy research institutions/think tanks. Concludes by stressing limitations of data collection by governmental and non-governmental entities.


Bryant Votes: A Cross-Departmental Effort To Get Students To Vote, Connor Mathis Sep 2020

Bryant Votes: A Cross-Departmental Effort To Get Students To Vote, Connor Mathis

Library Staff Publications, Presentations & Journal Articles

Connor Mathis, library assistant, gives a presentation on the process and pitfalls of building a voter registration and education initiatives on a college campus. He details the important role the library can play in initiating and sustaining cross-campus collaborations. Mathis gave this presentation to the Massachusetts Library System in September 2020.


Urban Warfare: Emerging Geopolitical Conundrum, Bert Chapman Aug 2020

Urban Warfare: Emerging Geopolitical Conundrum, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Urban warfare is as old as human history. It is becoming increasingly important in international political and military planning due to increasing global urbanization and the presence of megacities (urban areas with populations exceeding 10 million) in many global regions and being in areas of recent and potential military conflict. 2018 World Bank data notes that approximately 56% of the world's population lives in urban areas which is up from 34% in 1960. Many of these megacities, including New York City, Los Angeles, Sao Paulo, Mumbai, Shanghai, and Manila are adjacent to oceanic waters and vulnerable to trade and ...


Publicly Accessible National Security Information Resources: An Untapped Treasure Trove, Bert Chapman Aug 2020

Publicly Accessible National Security Information Resources: An Untapped Treasure Trove, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

This presentation demonstrates the wide variety of publicly accessible U.S. Government national security information resources. It includes information on the U.S. constitutional foundations of national security policy, a recent annual defense spending bill, documents from the White House/National Security Council, Department of Defense, various military branches including professional military educational institutions, assorted U.S. intelligence agencies, congressional legislation, congressional committee reports on legislation, congressional committee hearings, and reports from congressional support agencies such as the Congressional Budget Office. It concludes by stressing the multiple benefits provided by having public access to these information resources.


Oppression Or Occupation: Conflicting Views On The Nature Of Sex Work In France And Under International Law, Carver Wolfe Jul 2020

Oppression Or Occupation: Conflicting Views On The Nature Of Sex Work In France And Under International Law, Carver Wolfe

Politics and International Relations Presentations

Although there is some debate over the exact number of victims of sex trafficking, it is agreed upon that it is an issue that affect primarily women and girls around the world. This paper will examine modern day slavery and the unresolved, century-old debate surrounding sex trafficking and sex work. While abolitionists advocate for total eradication of all sex work, whether it is consensual or not, libertarians support the right to voluntary sex work while condemning the coercion and exploitation that surrounds all forms of trafficking. I will use an analysis of international conventions and will begin a comparative analysis ...


Bluegrass Ain’T Just Music: Democratic Campaigning And The Resurgence Of Grassroots Organizing, Gabriel Gurule Jun 2020

Bluegrass Ain’T Just Music: Democratic Campaigning And The Resurgence Of Grassroots Organizing, Gabriel Gurule

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Grassroots organizing, as defined by Marshall Ganz, is “leadership that enables people to turn the resources they have into the power they need to make the change they want” (Ganz, 2014). The zenith of grassroots organizing was in the latter half of the twentieth century when nonprofessional organizations were able to push for significant social change like the passage of the Voting Rights Act, the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam, and even lowering of the voting age. However, following the 1970s, most claimed that grassroots organizing had reached its effective end (Stein, 1986).

However, years later, Barack Obama was elected ...


Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman May 2020

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Article 1 of the US Constitution assigns the US Congress numerous responsibilities. These include creating new laws, revising existing laws, funding government programs, and conducting oversight of these programs' performance. Oversight of US Government agency space policy programs is executed by various congressional space policy committees including the House and Senate Science Committees, Armed Services, and Appropriations Committees. These committees conduct many public hearings on space policy, which invite expert witnesses to testify on US space policy programs and feature debate on the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Documentation produced by these committees is widely available to the public ...


Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong May 2020

Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Why is there a growing divide between communities working on human rights advocacy and humanitarian aid delivery in North Korea? At first glance, it is easy to think that humanitarian aid workers and human rights advocates for North Korea must be working towards the same goals because they sound similar. The definition of the two areas indeed overlap, but there has arguably been no reconciliation or formal cooperation. Whether it happens in academic scholarship, politics, or personal Twitter feuds, professionals working on these two areas describe an increasing sense of divide that often puts them in conflict. Three factors (ideological ...


Decision Tree For Predicting The Party Of Legislators, Afsana Mimi May 2020

Decision Tree For Predicting The Party Of Legislators, Afsana Mimi

Publications and Research

The motivation of the project is to identify the legislators who voted frequently against their party in terms of their roll call votes using Office of Clerk U.S. House of Representatives Data Sets collected in 2018 and 2019. We construct a model to predict the parties of legislators based on their votes. The method we used is Decision Tree from Data Mining. Python was used to collect raw data from internet, SAS was used to clean data, and all other calculations and graphical presentations are performed using the R software.


The Tweet Speaks For Itself: A Case Study Of The "St. Louis Manifest" Twitter Account, Zili Chang May 2020

The Tweet Speaks For Itself: A Case Study Of The "St. Louis Manifest" Twitter Account, Zili Chang

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Historians have long studied the concept of a "usable past" understood as the selective application of the past to the present to establish identity or achieve a goal. In the twenty-first century, this concept has become pertinent to social media platforms, which have changed the way humans engage in activism. One important intersection of history, social media, and activism converges in a Twitter account titled "St. Louis Manifest." The account is a curated site of memory, and as the most recent evolution of the story of the 1939 Jewish refugee ship, the M.S. St. Louis, it serves as a ...


From Outside The Beltway: Minorities In The Early-20th Century Labor Movement, Hunter Douglas Whann May 2020

From Outside The Beltway: Minorities In The Early-20th Century Labor Movement, Hunter Douglas Whann

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper argues that organized labor's racially discriminatory practices of the early 1900s effectively served to disenfranchise African Americans and immigrants from the American political process. Twentieth-century notions of race and ethnicity limited broad sympathy amongst minorities and immigrants, further dividing the labor movement. Because unions provide labor leaders a rank-and-file membership to mobilize in support of candidates, politicians are receptive to their preferences. Labor unions' exclusion of minorities therefore robbed them of a voice in government. Racism abounded in the United States, not just within the labor movement. However, such discrimination served to withhold both economic and political ...


Activism Throughout The Years At Johns Hopkins University, Lubna Azmi May 2020

Activism Throughout The Years At Johns Hopkins University, Lubna Azmi

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My research focuses on activism at Johns Hopkins University starting from the year 1957 with a black student activist by the name of Donald Perry, protesting for equal rights for black students on the JHU campus. The research centers on how activism has developed from then analyzing the focuses of protest, who was protesting, and how Johns Hopkins played a part as a powerful institution within each period of time. It contrasts how activism has changed with a focus on the catalysts that sprouted each movement of social justice. Donald Perry himself is a part of my research. His role ...


Hong Kong, Alvaro Harrison Hucker '22, Blake Barth '22, Philip Yi '22 Apr 2020

Hong Kong, Alvaro Harrison Hucker '22, Blake Barth '22, Philip Yi '22

Student Leadership Exchange (SLX)

The relationship between China and Hong Kong has been very tense for years ever since Britain allowed Hong Kong to become for 50 years in 1997, before the region would have to officially return to China. Knowing that their 50 years of having a self-governing body will end in 2047, Hong Kong citizens are constantly afraid of their rights. Now to add to the tension, China attempted to pass the Extradition Bill, which would have any citizen of Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau who has committed a crime, be tried in China instead of where they live. This created an uproar ...


Not Quite "The End Of History": An Examination Of European Populism And Its Threat To The European Union, Courtney Rosenstiehl Apr 2020

Not Quite "The End Of History": An Examination Of European Populism And Its Threat To The European Union, Courtney Rosenstiehl

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Populism has been a rising phenomenon, overtaking the entire international system with varying degrees of success. The characteristics of populism, deemed to be one of the most important political buzzwords of this age, is contested as it has been applied so broadly to both political actors and parties by each other and the media. While there are many ways to define this term, this paper defines it as a thin-centered ideology that can take different forms with varying political consequences. There is a specific type currently that is cropping up within different political regimes across the world. Alarmingly, this populism ...


In-Group Solidarity Or Out-Group Resentment?: Evaluating The Foundations Of White Punitiveness, Jacob Levy Apr 2020

In-Group Solidarity Or Out-Group Resentment?: Evaluating The Foundations Of White Punitiveness, Jacob Levy

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Many White Americans strongly identify with their racial group. Does this identity impact their views on policy? Until recently, it was thought that white racial solidarity was essentially inconsequential when it came to the formation of policy preferences. However, recent scholarship has demonstrated that White Americans who exhibit a higher degree of racial solidarity are more likely to support specific policies with respect to immigration and social welfare. This paper expands the literature on White Americans'in-group attitudes by exploring the relationship between white racial solidarity and support for punitive criminal justice policy. Using data collected by the American National ...


Rhetoric And International Human Rights: The Case Of The Senegalese Talibés, Christopher Parisella Apr 2020

Rhetoric And International Human Rights: The Case Of The Senegalese Talibés, Christopher Parisella

Senior Honors Projects

CHRISTOPHER PARISELLA

(Political Science, Writing & Rhetoric, French)

Rhetoric and International Human Rights: The Case of the Senegalese Talibés

Sponsor: Lynne Derbyshire (Communication Studies, Honors Program)

While in Senegal, I witnessed the hurdles faced by proponents of international human rights standards. Thousands of Muslim boys, called talibés, undertake their Koranic education in Senegal. Many are forced to beg in the streets by their educators, and abuse in the schools is common. Still, this education is considered a valuable part of the boys’ spiritual development. Despite the multitude of countries that have openly supported and ratified international human rights compacts, many of ...


What Went Wrong With Economics?: Milton Friedman, Alexander Meiklejon, And The Reorientation Of Freedom, Aria Mia Loberti Apr 2020

What Went Wrong With Economics?: Milton Friedman, Alexander Meiklejon, And The Reorientation Of Freedom, Aria Mia Loberti

Senior Honors Projects

Economics went wrong in the midst of the Cold War, specifically the time of the terror of communism in the 1950s. It went wrong in Chicago economics in particular—exacerbated by a reorientation in how to understand and conceptualize freedom. Milton Friedman’s Capitalism and Freedom trumpets the virtues of economic freedom, or the freedom of choice within the competitive market. It represents the Chicago neoliberal position. In contrast, the luminary Alexander Meiklejohn advocates a radically different conception of freedom, and his ideas echo the voices pre-1950 Chicago economics. Meiklejohn promotes political freedom over economic freedom: championing absolute protection for ...


Cybersecurity (Cs 3550): Lecture 21: Hacking Democracy: Election Security, Michael Whiteman, Nyc Tech-In-Residence Corps Apr 2020

Cybersecurity (Cs 3550): Lecture 21: Hacking Democracy: Election Security, Michael Whiteman, Nyc Tech-In-Residence Corps

Open Educational Resources

Lecture for the course: CIS 3550: Cybersecurity - "21: Hacking Democracy: Election Security" delivered at Baruch College in Spring 2020 by Michael Whiteman as part of the Tech-in-Residence Corps program.


"Your Enemy Is Anyone Who Opposes The Fourteen Words" Murdoch Murdoch: A Case Study In Presentations Of Threats To Ontological Security In Far Right Propaganda, Julian Morein Jan 2020

"Your Enemy Is Anyone Who Opposes The Fourteen Words" Murdoch Murdoch: A Case Study In Presentations Of Threats To Ontological Security In Far Right Propaganda, Julian Morein

Capstone Showcase

Adapting the Ethnographic Discourse Analysis method developed by Stanton Wortham and Angela Reyes this thesis traces the language employed in the ethno-nationalist web series Murdoch Murdoch. While not as widely known as other examples of the burgeoning landscape of far-right internet content such as news sites like InfoWars or Brietbart, Murdoch Murdoch can still reveal crucial details about how far right propaganda seeks to radicalize its viewers. This thesis argues that Murdoch Murdoch uses its visual and discursive indexicals to present a near absolute dichotomy between a Positive Self that consists of white ethno-nationalism, and a Negative Other that includes ...


Criminals In Action: The Cia And The Crack Epidemic, Krystine O'Connor Jan 2020

Criminals In Action: The Cia And The Crack Epidemic, Krystine O'Connor

Capstone Showcase

The Crack Epidemic hit the United States in the early years of the 1980’s. Crack was cheaper to produce and therefore cheaper to distribute. The Crack Epidemic disproportionately affected black communities and created long lasting issues that crippled many communities for decades to come. Incarceration rates, death rates, gang violence, fetal death rates and long term health effects rose dramatically between 1980- 1995. With the epidemic reaching its peak and its effects becoming unavoidable, communities struggled to find a reason as to how crack had gotten into the country and into their cities. In 1996 a small town journalist ...


Democratization In The Post Soviet Space: A Case Study Of The Republic Of Georgia And Ukraine, Serena Anton Jan 2020

Democratization In The Post Soviet Space: A Case Study Of The Republic Of Georgia And Ukraine, Serena Anton

Capstone Showcase

In the early 21st century, public unrest grew in the post-Soviet spaces with many demanding better democracy for themselves. This period, known as the Color Revolutions, swept across the Post-Soviet space with democratic and anti-corruption reforms at the forefront of policy. Yet, almost two decades later, democratic consolidation has crawled to a standstill amongst the region with many states experiencing democratic backsliding. The Republic of Georgia and Ukraine represent an interesting paradox as both states seemed to have beat the impossible and have continued their journey of democracy despite the current atmosphere in the region. Through a controlled comparative ...


Understanding Universal Coverage: An Overview Of Universal Health Care & Studies Of Real-World Implementations, Amanda Dombroski Jan 2020

Understanding Universal Coverage: An Overview Of Universal Health Care & Studies Of Real-World Implementations, Amanda Dombroski

Capstone Showcase

The purpose of this project is to dispel the confusion and misunderstandings surrounding universal health care coverage. To do this, I will identify the four models of universal health care identified by scholars - Beveridge, Bismarck, National Health Insurance, and Out-of-Pocket - and provided real-world examples of these health care systems in practice through analyses of health care in the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada. The Out-of-Pocket model is not analyzed in practice, given it does not allow for equal access for all to health care. Through the identification and evaluation of the four forms of universal health care coverage, I was able ...


International Policy And Climate Change-Induced Displacement Of South Pacific Island Nation Populations, Karissa Noragon Jan 2020

International Policy And Climate Change-Induced Displacement Of South Pacific Island Nation Populations, Karissa Noragon

Capstone Showcase

Climate change has advanced significantly in the last few decades resulting in some of the predicted effects, such as sea level rise, to start to appear and to cause displacement, especially in more vulnerable, developing nations. Though current estimates have found that the majority of the displaced populations will be able to relocate within their country’s borders, there are some nations, such as many of the small island nations in the South Pacific, where internal relocation will not always be an option. The question that will be explored in this paper is, what are the limits to current international ...


Deindustrialization And Voting Behavior In Ohio Rust Belt Counties, Casey B. Craig Jan 2020

Deindustrialization And Voting Behavior In Ohio Rust Belt Counties, Casey B. Craig

Digital Repository: Showcase of Undergraduate Research Excellence

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of People's Fears Due To News Outlets, Pedro Marquard Dec 2019

Analysis Of People's Fears Due To News Outlets, Pedro Marquard

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

In the past, people obtained their news from newspapers and by conversations with other people. However, over the past couple of decades the media has completely evolved and people have access to an array of news sources. Media has great persuasive capacity, analysis has found that certain broadcast networks can influence voting patterns when introduced to Cable TV in areas where it was not broadcasted before. Research has shown that the daily news people receive has a persuasive role in an individual’s way of thinking and their personal fears. Media has a direct impact on how people react to ...


How U.S. Government Policy Documents Are Addressing The Increasing National Security Implications Of Artificial Intelligence, Bert Chapman Oct 2019

How U.S. Government Policy Documents Are Addressing The Increasing National Security Implications Of Artificial Intelligence, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Artificial intelligence is affecting many areas of our lives and governmental policy. National security is one arena in which artificial intelligence is playing an increasingly important and controversial role. U.S. Government and military agencies are producing a steadily expanding corpus of publicly available literature on this topic. This literature documents how these agencies have this topic's national security implications historically and currently while also addressing potentially emerging national security issues where artificial intelligence will intersect with national security. This presentation demonstrates examples of the growing variety of publicly available national security artificial intelligence literature while also addressing the ...


How News Media Coverage Of Crises Promotes Conspiracy Beliefs, Richard Kornrumpf, Adam Enders Phd Oct 2019

How News Media Coverage Of Crises Promotes Conspiracy Beliefs, Richard Kornrumpf, Adam Enders Phd

Posters-at-the-Capitol

While scholars of conspiracy theories have recently made great strides in understanding the basic nature and correlates of conspiratorial thinking, we still know little about how conspiracy beliefs are disseminated and communicated, especially when it comes to traditional media. In this instance, we use a unique experiment to investigate whether media coverage of mass shootings – complete with the uncertainty, conflicting reports, and dubious official narratives that characterize such coverage – provides the raw material for conspiracy theories and promotes conspiracy beliefs among viewers. We find that implicit conspiratorial information – that which causes confusion and foments uncertainty – does not enflame conspiracy beliefs ...


How To Discuss Politics Without Wanting To Kill Someone, Jessica Craven May 2019

How To Discuss Politics Without Wanting To Kill Someone, Jessica Craven

Senior Honors Projects

Studies conclude that from 1990 to today, American society has become increasingly politically polarized, making cooperation among people who hold opposing views difficult and striking compromise on issues increasingly unlikely. Polarization is a major impediment to effective policy-making and communication; which is necessary for policy decision-making and implementation.

The first step to effective cooperation is an open conversation between opposing sides. This project seeks to determine methods, based on moral framing, that create an open conversation between proponents of opposing views on a given political issue. The national gun debate, gun rights versus gun control, was used to create political ...


“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan Apr 2019

“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system has undoubtedly shaped the way the San Francisco Bay Area operates today. BART has molded itself to becoming a popular form of transportation for citizens of the area. However, numerous problems have arisen in recent years in regard to the overall “healthiness” of the BART system with its ex-aging fleet of trains, undertrained staff, lack of BART Police presence, rampant illegal drug use, etc. which has made BART unpopular with riders. The root cause of these problems through, is the lost revenue through “stolen” rides. At any one of BART’s 48 stations ...