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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Exploring Relationships Between Perfectionism, Social Anxiety, And Post-Event Rumination, Xavier Brown, Patrick Cushen Nov 2020

Exploring Relationships Between Perfectionism, Social Anxiety, And Post-Event Rumination, Xavier Brown, Patrick Cushen

Scholars Week

Disruptive cognitive biases are often problems for people with anxiety-related disorders. For those individuals with social anxiety, one common bias is negative post-event rumination. This bias involves people with social anxiety remembering and distorting past experiences by focusing on negative details and perceptions. This bias may also be key to maintaining social anxiety as it feeds into the cycle of distress associated with social experiences. Another factor that may relate to a person’s likelihood of demonstrating this bias is their level of perfectionism. Two aspects of perfectionism may be related to post-event rumination: socially prescribed perfectionism (thinking that others ...


Gender Differences And Social Judgements Of Face Masks, Katherine Link, Daphne J. Jackson, Jessica M. Criddle, Jana Hackathorn Nov 2020

Gender Differences And Social Judgements Of Face Masks, Katherine Link, Daphne J. Jackson, Jessica M. Criddle, Jana Hackathorn

Scholars Week

This study seeks to investigate whether face masks influence social judgements of first impressions. Ratings of trustworthiness in strangers has been linked to smiling and facial features. With the Coronavirus pandemic still running rampant in today’s society it has become a social norm to wear a face mask out in public. Due to the fact that a facemask obscures half of an individual’s face, it is expected that the presence of a face mask will influence first impressions. Additionally, gender differences have also been associated with social judgments, in that females are often perceived more positively (e.g ...


Self-Compassion, Anticipatory Anxiety, And Fear Of Evaluation In Social Anxiety, Brooke Short, Alexandria Sherman, Kayla Clarke, Jacob Barnette Nov 2020

Self-Compassion, Anticipatory Anxiety, And Fear Of Evaluation In Social Anxiety, Brooke Short, Alexandria Sherman, Kayla Clarke, Jacob Barnette

Scholars Week

Self-compassion involves treating yourself with kindness instead of judgement, understanding that pain and failure is experienced by everyone instead of isolating oneself, and being mindfully aware of painful thoughts and feelings instead of ruminating on them (Neff, 2003). The present study is interested in self-compassion's effect on social anxiety; it is a replication of a recent study (Harwood & Kocovski, 2017) and an attempt to extend its findings. Harwood and Kocovski (2017) found that, among participants higher in social anxiety, those who completed a self-compassion writing task experienced less anticipatory anxiety before a speech task in comparison to those who had completed a control writing task. The present study includes the addition of two dependent variables, fear of positive and negative evaluation, in order to examine how the same self-compassion exercise may also impact the fear of evaluation that individuals with social anxiety may experience before the same socially stressful speech task. Some research has already shown a correlation between self-compassion and fear of evaluation; less self-compassion is associated with greater fear of both positive and negative evaluation (Werner et al., 2012; Long & Neff, 2018). The following has been hypothesized, and will be tested once data collection has been completed: (1) In line with previous research ...


(S)He Said What Behind My Back: The Negative Effects Of Gossip, Hillary Copeland Nov 2020

(S)He Said What Behind My Back: The Negative Effects Of Gossip, Hillary Copeland

Scholars Week

Gossip can be defined as communication within a social context directed towards the evaluation of absent others (Foster, 2004), and likely evolved as an advantage for our ancestors to build social bonds and maintain group stability (Dunbar, 2004). The ubiquitous nature of gossip suggests significant influences on group dynamics, particularly when associated with factors related to social functions, such as influence, friendship, information, or entertainment (Foster, 2004; Peters et al., 2017; Wu et al., 2016). The current study examined the effects of gossip on the evaluations of absent targets. Undergraduate participants (N = 128) were presented with short biographies describing each ...


Can I Hit Your Juul? Nicotine Motives & Accessibility In College Students, Ashlen Grubbs Nov 2020

Can I Hit Your Juul? Nicotine Motives & Accessibility In College Students, Ashlen Grubbs

Scholars Week

The purpose of this project was to examine the associations between nicotine dependency, motives, and the impact of new laws on college student nicotine patterns. Motives for smoking can also be analyzed through categorizing motives into primary and secondary motives (Piasecki, et. al., 2011). Primary motives are reasons such as habit, tolerance, cravings, and loss of control (Piasecki, et. el., 2011). All motives for smoking have been shown to have a positive correlation with nicotine dependence except smoking to lose weight and for socialization (McEwen, et. al., 2008). Yet conflicting research by Aloise-Young, Grant, and Hansen (1994) indicates that smoking ...


Face Masks And Ambiguity In Expressions: A Barrier To Social Affiliation?, Jessica Criddle, Daphne J. Jackson, Katherine D. Link Nov 2020

Face Masks And Ambiguity In Expressions: A Barrier To Social Affiliation?, Jessica Criddle, Daphne J. Jackson, Katherine D. Link

Scholars Week

First impressions are a key component of the formation of social relationships. Facial expressions and facial features inform impressions leading to social affiliation, such as trustworthiness. The usage of face masks, common with the incidence of COVID-19, veils features giving information on trustworthiness, attractiveness, and other factors informing social impressions. Existing literature shows ambiguity in expressions and in social situations can make individuals less trusting of others. This is prevalent in those intolerant of uncertainty or with a high need for closure, which is the need to find answers in ambiguous situations. Together, these findings suggest that ambiguity of facial ...


Am I Laughing At What You're Laughing At?: The Relationship Between Humor And Empathy, Connor Brown Nov 2020

Am I Laughing At What You're Laughing At?: The Relationship Between Humor And Empathy, Connor Brown

Scholars Week

How and when does someone decide to tell a joke? The current study is focused primarily on examining the relationship between using humor to communicate and empathy. It was hypothesized that there will be a positive correlation between using humor to communicate and empathy. This furthers previous research which has only commonly looked at enjoying humor as it correlates to empathy (Hampes, 2001; 2010). The current study was administered as an online survey to undergraduate participants (N = 70), and measured using communicative humor, and empathy, as well as other individual difference traits such as openness and conscientiousness. Results of a ...


A Historical Review Of The Effects Of Violence In The Media, D'Myia Thornton Nov 2020

A Historical Review Of The Effects Of Violence In The Media, D'Myia Thornton

Scholars Week

From the beginning of newspapers to the dawn of click-for-profit in media today, mass shootings have become a trend in the 21st century. This research paper gives more insight on the effects of media coverage on violence whether positive or negative. There is something wrong with the way the media reports violence. It’s detrimental to society to publicize so specifically, the details pertaining to these heinous acts. In addition, could it be also detrimental to withhold information? This study will be an empirical review of media coverage in the past, to determine the impact media has on mass shootings ...


Evaluating The Impact Of Common Fertilizers On Soil Properties After Planting Tomatoes And Marigolds, Rachel Stuckey, Iin Handayani Nov 2020

Evaluating The Impact Of Common Fertilizers On Soil Properties After Planting Tomatoes And Marigolds, Rachel Stuckey, Iin Handayani

Scholars Week

There are many name brand fertilizers that are used today in gardening in the state of Kentucky. Due to the standardization of name brand fertilizer production in factories, this can cause the fertilizers to compromise the nutrients of soil, while all-natural fertilizers are seen as better quality for the consumers, plants and soils. Alaska, Miracle Grow, Monty’s, Pure Gold, Tiger Bloom are the top five fertilizers sold in the state of Kentucky. This study aims to determine the impact of five top commercial fertilizers on soil quality indicators including organic matter, acidity level and moisture content. These fertilizers were ...


Implementing Trauma-Informed Care Early In The Lives Of Children And Adults, Carley Clymer Nov 2020

Implementing Trauma-Informed Care Early In The Lives Of Children And Adults, Carley Clymer

Scholars Week

Throughout the health care industry, providers are failing to recognize the implications that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have upon adult health. As a result, these patients not only have to endure these traumas, but they’re also faced with crippling health conditions that accompany them including depression, heart disease and obesity. The prevalence of common high-risk behaviors such as smoking, drinking and illicit drug use can also co-exist with adversity, which leads to an exacerbation of already poor health. This presentation aims to relay the significance of adopting a trauma informed care (TIC) approach early in the lives of clients ...


Family Presence During Resuscitation, Brittany Whistle Nov 2020

Family Presence During Resuscitation, Brittany Whistle

Scholars Week

Background:

Families want more involvement in their loved one’s care than they did just twenty years ago. Especially, in the matter of resuscitation efforts, this involvement remains controversial.

Evidence and Findings:

Based on research, theories, and multiple educated opinions, family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) needs to be implemented in hospitals. Theories by Kolcaba and Helvie demonstrate a need for comfort and positive energy around patients to enhance the healing process. Evidence has shown multiple benefits of FPDR. The patient receives a holistic approach of care, the family gains closure and feeling of participation of care, and provides a plan ...


Implementation Of Music Therapy To Reduce Anxiety In Icu Patients, Calley Womack Nov 2020

Implementation Of Music Therapy To Reduce Anxiety In Icu Patients, Calley Womack

Scholars Week

Current practice in intensive care units regarding anxiety commonly results in administration of an anxiolytic, which can potentially increase patient’s time admitted, increase costs due to adverse effects, and decrease patient involvement in care. An analysis of multiple research studies was conducted to explore the best practice for management of anxiety, particularly the implementation of music therapy. Studies have been conducted on the implementation of music therapy to reduce levels of anxiety in patients on intensive care floors. Specifically, extensive research with music therapy has been conducted on patients receiving ventilation in the ICU. Consequentially, these studies have shown ...


The Covid-19 Misinformation Challenge: Asynchronous Learning About (And During!) A Pandemic, Jennifer Bonnet, Senta Sellers Oct 2020

The Covid-19 Misinformation Challenge: Asynchronous Learning About (And During!) A Pandemic, Jennifer Bonnet, Senta Sellers

New England Library Instruction Group

In early 2020, the coronavirus pandemic ushered in a “new normal.” During this time, the world witnessed a prevalence of misinformation about COVID-19, on social media, in the news, and in academic publishing. We saw this emerging landscape as an opportunity to help people think critically about ways to combat false or misleading information. The result: The COVID-19 Misinformation Challenge.

Each day for five days, participants received tasks designed to test their knowledge of the coronavirus. They evaluated memes, doctors, news headlines, treatments, and some of the science behind the virus.

Join us for an interactive tour of the challenge ...


Creating A (Bright)Space For Library Instruction, Maureen A. Perry, Elizabeth Bull, Megan Macgregor Oct 2020

Creating A (Bright)Space For Library Instruction, Maureen A. Perry, Elizabeth Bull, Megan Macgregor

New England Library Instruction Group

Creating a (Bright)Space for Library Instruction

Students come into class with varied levels of preparation for college-level research. Faculty had little time to spare for library instruction prior to COVID 19, and the move to online instruction has left them with even less time.

As these things were happening across higher education, the University of Maine system was changing learning management systems, leading to a steep learning curve for everyone. The University of Southern Maine Libraries saw an opportunity to address these challenges and remain visible to faculty.

The reference librarians created a series of information literacy modules for ...


How Libraries Can Increase The Number Of Opportunities For Students To Engage In High Impact Practices On Their Campus, Mark Dahl Oct 2020

How Libraries Can Increase The Number Of Opportunities For Students To Engage In High Impact Practices On Their Campus, Mark Dahl

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

Small liberal arts colleges often showcase high impact practices like student-faculty research and service learning on their websites. But too often these opportunities are limited to only a few exceptional students on a given campus. Libraries can help provide their communities with more opportunities for students to engage in high impact practices through practicums. Lewis & Clark’s Watzek Library has offered practicums in exhibit creation, software development, archival processing, oral history, data curation and other activities. The practicums are faculty-sponsored and library-led and give the student a mentored practical and intellectual experience. Depending on the practicum, they can involve writing ...


Covid And Sasquatch And Wildfires, Oh My! The Surprising Success Of An Asynchronous Event For First-Year Undergrads, Jenny Bruxvoort, Kate Wimer Oct 2020

Covid And Sasquatch And Wildfires, Oh My! The Surprising Success Of An Asynchronous Event For First-Year Undergrads, Jenny Bruxvoort, Kate Wimer

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

Mysteries of Murdock began as an in-person Pacific Northwest themed mythbusting event for first-year students, helping them feel comfortable in library facilities and with library resources. In light of Fall 2020, we were challenged to reach this population with an excellent online alternative. This lightning talk will share our experience from iterative project management to goal setting to “event” hype. We’ll share our final product as well as brief insights from our assessment data. Attendees will leave understanding how asynchronous events fit in their toolbox of library programming and what elements are critical to making those events high-impact and ...


Hip, Hip, Hooray For Writing And Research!, Janet Hauck, Carrie Fry Oct 2020

Hip, Hip, Hooray For Writing And Research!, Janet Hauck, Carrie Fry

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

The offering of Writing-Intensive Courses is a High-Impact Practice familiar on most college campuses, including Seattle Pacific University’s. In his description of this HIP, author George Kuh states that “the effectiveness of this [writing] practice has led to parallel efforts in such areas as information literacy.” Here is the point at which librarians at SPU have stepped in to craft an innovative campus partnership, realigning our services to bring optimum success to our students. In collaboration with the SPU Writing Program, and inspired by another institution in the region, the SPU Library has opened the Research, Reading & Writing Studio ...


Service Learning As The Foundation For An Undergraduate Librarian-Taught Information And Society Course, Kristen Hoffman, Liz Gruchala-Gilbert Oct 2020

Service Learning As The Foundation For An Undergraduate Librarian-Taught Information And Society Course, Kristen Hoffman, Liz Gruchala-Gilbert

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

Service-Learning is an experiential educational practice where students participate in a service project tied closely with course concepts. In Spring of 2019, the presenters co-taught a course as part of the SPU Library’s Information Studies minor. This course utilized service-learning as a framework to understand the ways in which information (especially access to information and information technologies) affects those living in the local Seattle area. In partnership with the City of Seattle, students read and scored grant applications from local organizations working on digital equity projects. In response to their service, students wrote reflection essays documenting their experience and ...


Student Library Employment As A High-Impact Practice, Rick Stoddart Oct 2020

Student Library Employment As A High-Impact Practice, Rick Stoddart

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

Student employment in academic libraries mirrors many of the characteristics and positive aspects of high impact practices.

The University of Oregon Libraries is at the beginning stages of re-framing their library student employment experience as a high impact practice. Currently, the UO Libraries are having internal discussions, identifying student employment learning outcomes, and building relationships with campus stakeholders. Additionally, the UO Libraries is working with campus institutional research to pull datasets that may connect library student employment to broader student success metrics such as student retention.

This session will offer a broad outline of how library student employment is a ...


Fostering Agency Through Peer-To-Peer Learning: Western Libraries’ Practicum In Integrated Academic Literacies, Emily Spracklin Oct 2020

Fostering Agency Through Peer-To-Peer Learning: Western Libraries’ Practicum In Integrated Academic Literacies, Emily Spracklin

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

This lightning talk will introduce attendees to Western Libraries’ Integrated Academic Literacies Practicum, a 1-credit course designed to help underserved students build agency over their learning and empower participation in academic discourse. Through a partnership with the Hacherl Research & Writing Studio, this course pairs students with peer mentors who provide long-term scaffolding in a variety of academic literacies, including listening, speaking, reading, writing, and research. Students determine their learning goals at the beginning of the quarter (usually based on their coursework) and meet weekly with a peer mentor to practice and reflect on strategies for making progress towards those goals ...


The Engaged Library: High-Impact Educational Practices In Academic Libraries, Joan Ruelle, Deandra Little Oct 2020

The Engaged Library: High-Impact Educational Practices In Academic Libraries, Joan Ruelle, Deandra Little

High-Impact Practices in Academic Libraries

Keynote address:

High-impact educational practices (HIPs)—as identified by George Kuh and the Association of American Colleges & Universities (2008)—are widely recognized as activities that promote student engagement, student retention, and positive student learning outcomes. How these eleven practices are implemented may vary some, depending on institutional context and priorities, as well as on the learners themselves, but are all meant to create substantive activities that deepen student learning, engagement, and success. A persistent struggle for libraries has been articulating how libraries directly and indirectly contribute to student success, and calls to better measure and articulate the contributions of libraries ...


Linguistic Disobedience: The Intactness Of The Minoritized Subject In Contemporary American Poetry, Saoirse . Oct 2020

Linguistic Disobedience: The Intactness Of The Minoritized Subject In Contemporary American Poetry, Saoirse .

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Oxford English Dictionary Intact, adj. Definition: Untouched; not affected by anything that injures, diminishes, or sullies; kept or left entire; unblemished; unimpaired. Etymology: Latin intactus,

To be intact: "to be unbroken" is to be untouched. Theodore Adorno defines lyrical language as an expression of an individual's personal subjectivity into universality through specific concepts and signs. However, to render a minoritized subject into a language designed to oppress them is to make that subjectivity lose its intactness. By bringing in Paul Ricoeur's conception of the metaphor as a discursive linguistic act which has to work on the level of ...


Bluegrass Ain’T Just Music: Democratic Campaigning And The Resurgence Of Grassroots Organizing, Gabriel Gurule Jun 2020

Bluegrass Ain’T Just Music: Democratic Campaigning And The Resurgence Of Grassroots Organizing, Gabriel Gurule

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Grassroots organizing, as defined by Marshall Ganz, is “leadership that enables people to turn the resources they have into the power they need to make the change they want” (Ganz, 2014). The zenith of grassroots organizing was in the latter half of the twentieth century when nonprofessional organizations were able to push for significant social change like the passage of the Voting Rights Act, the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam, and even lowering of the voting age. However, following the 1970s, most claimed that grassroots organizing had reached its effective end (Stein, 1986).

However, years later, Barack Obama was elected ...


Leaving The Tech Funnel: How Top Students Come To Reject "Prestigious Jobs", Evan Cui Jun 2020

Leaving The Tech Funnel: How Top Students Come To Reject "Prestigious Jobs", Evan Cui

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Recent sociological literature has identified the career funneling effect as a cultural and institutional social process which constructs certain career pathways as “prestigious” and leads a disproportionate number of students from top universities to pursue these pathways. Yet, if these social forces are so strong, why do some students with the means to pursue these pathways consciously reject them in pursuit of alternative, less prestigious pathways? My analysis focuses on computer science students and the pathway into prestigious Big Tech companies, a relatively recent and understudied pathway for top students. Using a combination of formal in-depth interviews and informal discussions ...


What Is Enough?: Understanding The Ostracization Of Mixed People And How They Reaffirm Their Identity., Kiera Miles Jun 2020

What Is Enough?: Understanding The Ostracization Of Mixed People And How They Reaffirm Their Identity., Kiera Miles

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

As a mixed-race woman, and a person who has mixed identifying friends, I understand the constant struggle of having your identity being invalidated. Of never feeling acceptable enough of any one identity that I carry. It is due to this understanding why I decided to center my research around mix identity and the question of "am I enough" that I believe is present in mix identifying people; however, this question may change in variation from person to person but regardless it remains at the core issue.

In order to understand how fellow mix-identifying people navigate their identity, I plan to ...


For The Sake Of The Environment?: Policing And Control In Glacier Bay National Park, Cecilia Slane Jun 2020

For The Sake Of The Environment?: Policing And Control In Glacier Bay National Park, Cecilia Slane

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In the years leading up to the creation of Glacier Bay National Monument in 1925, white scientists and explorers from the contiguous US began describing Alaska as a beautiful and awe-inspiring place - a change from its previous depiction as an empty expanse of land. They began lobbying for the Glacier Bay area to be preserved based on its value as a laboratory for scientific inquiry and as a place to be set aside for future generations to appreciate. However, the Tlingit people who lived in the area were not informed about the creation of the park, or even that Alaska ...


Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma May 2020

Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

How does the image of the decrepit dead body manifest itself in art? Enlightenment thought had problematically conceived of Europe as at the forefront of knowledge while the rest of the world lagged behind. Christ's body is the original cadaver in Western images, but around the seventeenth century the trend of more secular understandings and depictions of the dead body arose. European anatomical knowledge was also making its way to East Asia around the same time. Non-Europeans were presumed to either lack the investigative spirit or more sinisterly, lack the skill. However, Japanese Buddhist art of the kusozu, or ...


Mass Media's Ideology Of Middle Eastern Terror And The Impossibility Of The Individual, Mohammed Khalid May 2020

Mass Media's Ideology Of Middle Eastern Terror And The Impossibility Of The Individual, Mohammed Khalid

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The so-called "war on terror" launched in the aftermath of 9/11 created a seismic shift in public discourse about a terrorism threat. Shaping this discourse was a galvanized U.S. media with a dominating ideology about the Middle Eastern terrorist, the ISIS member, the Jihadist, etc. As Arabs and Muslims became increasingly visible to the U.S. public, panic-riddled reactions to this "Middle Eastern terrorist" immediately mutated to drumbeats of war to punish "others" for acts of terrorism, a group of others. This project examines how U.S. media is an important influencer in shaping public opinion throughout the ...


Compounded Effects Of The Model Minority Stereotype And Lack Of Social Capital Among Vietnamese American Students, Brooke Olivia Quach May 2020

Compounded Effects Of The Model Minority Stereotype And Lack Of Social Capital Among Vietnamese American Students, Brooke Olivia Quach

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This study hopes to document how structures within the public education system affects the educational attainment of first-generation Vietnamese American students. Educational attainment significantly depends on student's social networks and resources, as these dynamics can affect whether they feel like they can attain a higher degree after high school. In other words, social capital and socioeconomic status can have a significant impact an individual's aspirations. In this study, I examine and investigate the educational attainment of Vietnamese American students and the obstacles they face in applying to and attending college. This attainment process includes the different variables that ...


Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong May 2020

Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Why is there a growing divide between communities working on human rights advocacy and humanitarian aid delivery in North Korea? At first glance, it is easy to think that humanitarian aid workers and human rights advocates for North Korea must be working towards the same goals because they sound similar. The definition of the two areas indeed overlap, but there has arguably been no reconciliation or formal cooperation. Whether it happens in academic scholarship, politics, or personal Twitter feuds, professionals working on these two areas describe an increasing sense of divide that often puts them in conflict. Three factors (ideological ...