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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Urban Warfare: Emerging Geopolitical Conundrum, Bert Chapman Aug 2020

Urban Warfare: Emerging Geopolitical Conundrum, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Urban warfare is as old as human history. It is becoming increasingly important in international political and military planning due to increasing global urbanization and the presence of megacities (urban areas with populations exceeding 10 million) in many global regions and being in areas of recent and potential military conflict. 2018 World Bank data notes that approximately 56% of the world's population lives in urban areas which is up from 34% in 1960. Many of these megacities, including New York City, Los Angeles, Sao Paulo, Mumbai, Shanghai, and Manila are adjacent to oceanic waters and vulnerable to trade and ...


"A Tryst With Animosity": The Souring Of Indo-American Relations From 1947 To 1971, Aditya Dev Varma May 2020

"A Tryst With Animosity": The Souring Of Indo-American Relations From 1947 To 1971, Aditya Dev Varma

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper explores multi-decade tensions in Indo-American relations, emphasizing the formative nature of the colonial legacy on India's foreign policy and resulting conflict with the Truman Doctrine. By examining the popular perception of foreign policy through newspapers and State Department records, I illustrate how each nation's sovereign agenda colored their reception of the other's global initiatives. The year 1947 marked a point of departure in American foreign policy in two respects; a renewed commitment to economic and military engagement with global affairs under the presidency of Harry Truman, and an expanded interest in diplomacy with developing nations ...


Stories Across Borders: Recontextualization Of Home, Identity, And Trauma In Contemporary Stories Of Syrian Displacement, Kayla Nicholls Apr 2020

Stories Across Borders: Recontextualization Of Home, Identity, And Trauma In Contemporary Stories Of Syrian Displacement, Kayla Nicholls

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The 2011 Syrian Civil War shattered the lives of too many people, but the media snatched the story and quickly turned it into one of unending violence and malice rather than one of complex individual actions. As the conflict continued, media began engaging only with images of the war, Syrias destruction, not of the Syrian peoples strengths but only their weaknesses. Perhaps the most popular image was of three-year-old Alan Kurdi who lay on the sand in Turkey, his face to the side, dead. Media outlets all over the world published this image, and his human face launched the conflict ...


Not Quite "The End Of History": An Examination Of European Populism And Its Threat To The European Union, Courtney Rosenstiehl Apr 2020

Not Quite "The End Of History": An Examination Of European Populism And Its Threat To The European Union, Courtney Rosenstiehl

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Populism has been a rising phenomenon, overtaking the entire international system with varying degrees of success. The characteristics of populism, deemed to be one of the most important political buzzwords of this age, is contested as it has been applied so broadly to both political actors and parties by each other and the media. While there are many ways to define this term, this paper defines it as a thin-centered ideology that can take different forms with varying political consequences. There is a specific type currently that is cropping up within different political regimes across the world. Alarmingly, this populism ...


Alcohol In Asia: How Grain Cultivation Lead To The Asian Glow, Taylor Nixon Apr 2020

Alcohol In Asia: How Grain Cultivation Lead To The Asian Glow, Taylor Nixon

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Alcohol is one of the oldest beverages in the world. There are certain genes are responsible for the breakdown of alcohol within the body in a healthy manner. A mutation to these very specific genes results in individuals being more sensitive to the negative effects of alcohol. The main symptom is becoming very red and flushed and is often accompanied with nausea and headaches. These combinations of symptoms are considered the alcohol flush reaction, and colloquially known as the Asian Glow. It is a common occurrence within East Asian populations to experience, with approximately 30% of the world's population ...


Rhetoric And International Human Rights: The Case Of The Senegalese Talibés, Christopher Parisella Apr 2020

Rhetoric And International Human Rights: The Case Of The Senegalese Talibés, Christopher Parisella

Senior Honors Projects

CHRISTOPHER PARISELLA

(Political Science, Writing & Rhetoric, French)

Rhetoric and International Human Rights: The Case of the Senegalese Talibés

Sponsor: Lynne Derbyshire (Communication Studies, Honors Program)

While in Senegal, I witnessed the hurdles faced by proponents of international human rights standards. Thousands of Muslim boys, called talibés, undertake their Koranic education in Senegal. Many are forced to beg in the streets by their educators, and abuse in the schools is common. Still, this education is considered a valuable part of the boys’ spiritual development. Despite the multitude of countries that have openly supported and ratified international human rights compacts, many of ...


Democratization In The Post Soviet Space: A Case Study Of The Republic Of Georgia And Ukraine, Serena Anton Jan 2020

Democratization In The Post Soviet Space: A Case Study Of The Republic Of Georgia And Ukraine, Serena Anton

Capstone Showcase

In the early 21st century, public unrest grew in the post-Soviet spaces with many demanding better democracy for themselves. This period, known as the Color Revolutions, swept across the Post-Soviet space with democratic and anti-corruption reforms at the forefront of policy. Yet, almost two decades later, democratic consolidation has crawled to a standstill amongst the region with many states experiencing democratic backsliding. The Republic of Georgia and Ukraine represent an interesting paradox as both states seemed to have beat the impossible and have continued their journey of democracy despite the current atmosphere in the region. Through a controlled comparative ...


How U.S. Government Policy Documents Are Addressing The Increasing National Security Implications Of Artificial Intelligence, Bert Chapman Oct 2019

How U.S. Government Policy Documents Are Addressing The Increasing National Security Implications Of Artificial Intelligence, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Artificial intelligence is affecting many areas of our lives and governmental policy. National security is one arena in which artificial intelligence is playing an increasingly important and controversial role. U.S. Government and military agencies are producing a steadily expanding corpus of publicly available literature on this topic. This literature documents how these agencies have this topic's national security implications historically and currently while also addressing potentially emerging national security issues where artificial intelligence will intersect with national security. This presentation demonstrates examples of the growing variety of publicly available national security artificial intelligence literature while also addressing the ...


Dynamic Duos: Interrogating Latin American Curricula Through Faculty-Librarian Partnerships, Jesús Alonso-Regalado, Daniel Arbino, Pamela Espinosa De Los Monteros, Marisol Ramos, Christine Vassallo-Oby, Charles Venator-Santiago, Lisa Voigt May 2019

Dynamic Duos: Interrogating Latin American Curricula Through Faculty-Librarian Partnerships, Jesús Alonso-Regalado, Daniel Arbino, Pamela Espinosa De Los Monteros, Marisol Ramos, Christine Vassallo-Oby, Charles Venator-Santiago, Lisa Voigt

University Libraries Faculty Scholarship

The ever-changing education and information landscape has brought with it an increased focus on teaching pedagogy and curriculum design. In response, Latin American Studies faculty are pursuing creative pedagogical directions and approaches in areas such as digital scholarship and information literacy in partnership with librarians and archivists. This roundtable will explore faculty-librarians practice-based initiatives focusing on issues related to the Global North and South. The uniqueness of this roundtable is that both the teaching faculty and the librarian representing each academic institution will be present. The University at Albany will discuss the redesign of a Latin American, Caribbean, and U ...


Modernizing The Hermit Kingdom: Bridging The Economic And Cultural Gap Through Soft Power Diplomacy, Jane Son Apr 2019

Modernizing The Hermit Kingdom: Bridging The Economic And Cultural Gap Through Soft Power Diplomacy, Jane Son

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Modernizing the “Hermit Kingdom”:

Bridging the Cultural and Economic Gap through Soft Power Diplomacy

Following the Korean War, the Republic of Korea embraced modernization and rose as an economic power while its Northern counterpart employed isolationist policies and acquired the name “Hermit Kingdom.” In recent years, however, the “Hermit Kingdom” is exhibiting potential for change in under the Kim Jong-Un regime. In the wake of continued economic strife, shifting East Asian political dynamics, and insecure power consolidation, Kim appeared in the international scene with a different attitude: eagerness for dialogue. Such change in Pyongyang’s political stance engenders renewed hope ...


The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman Apr 2019

The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials

Presentation describing my 2019 Palgrave Macmillan book Global Defense Procurement and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. It describes this aircraft and places particular emphasis on the government information resources from multiple countries used in writing this book.


British Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman Apr 2019

British Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials

Provides an overview of British Government information resources. Contents include basic British economic and political background and information from British Government websites including the Department of Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), Brexit related material produced by British government agencies such as the Department for Exiting the European Union,, the Ministry of Defence, the National Museum of the Royal Navy, the Home Office Visas and Immigration Section, the Office of National Statistics, Her Majesty's Treasury, the British Parliament including parliamentary committees and research agencies, the website of Member of Parliament (MP) Jacob Rees-Mogg (Conservative-North East Somerset), a webcast of ...


Syrian Refugee Camps In Jordan: An Assessment, Athena-Rose Jennings Mar 2019

Syrian Refugee Camps In Jordan: An Assessment, Athena-Rose Jennings

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Syrian Refugee Camps in Jordan: An Assessment explores how and why the Government of Jordan created camps to house its 670,000 Syrian refugees. Examining Jordan’s four Syrian refugee camps, Jennings considers to what extent their different operating models are effective and why. Metrics of camp effectiveness include degree and type of support from non-Government of Jordan humanitarian actors, the availability of education and medical care in the camps, and the degree to which camp residents themselves engage in the camp communities. She posits that using the camp model affords Jordan greater internal security, and influence over refugee matters ...


Mackinder And The Arctic's Emerging Geopolitics: Recommendations For The U.S. And Its Nato Allies, Bert Chapman Oct 2018

Mackinder And The Arctic's Emerging Geopolitics: Recommendations For The U.S. And Its Nato Allies, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

This presentation shows how Halford Mackinder (1861-1947) described Canada and the Arctic region in his geopolitical writings. It goes on to stress how the Arctic is becoming increasingly important in international geopolitical policymaking due to its significant oil and natural gas resources, how warming temperatures are increasing international access to its waters, and the how countries as diverse as Canada, China, Russia, and the U.S. see the Arctic region in their strategic policymaking. It concludes by stressing that the Arctic can no longer be viewed as a region immune from international conflict and presents recommendations for the U.S ...


International Energy Geopolitics, Bert Chapman Jun 2018

International Energy Geopolitics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Overview of international energy geopolitical trends. Emphasizes the importance of the Persian Gulf, South China Sea, East China Sea, Russia, and the Arctic to U.S. and international economic and strategic developments. Stresses the continuing importance of fossil fuels in domestic and international energy consumption, the variety of energy sources being used by various global regions, the potential for military conflict over access to natural resources, and how emerging energy leaders will determine global energy, environmental, and international security developments.


Session 1 : Common As Alternative For The Future (I) : Towards An Ubuntu World : New Discourses On The Upsurge Of The Commons And Visions Of The Future, Manoranjan Mohanty Jun 2018

Session 1 : Common As Alternative For The Future (I) : Towards An Ubuntu World : New Discourses On The Upsurge Of The Commons And Visions Of The Future, Manoranjan Mohanty

South South Forum 南南論壇

On Day 4 (16 June 2018), in the session of “Common as Alternative for the Future (I)”, Manoranjan MOHANTY (Council for Social Development, India) delivered a lecture on Towards an Ubuntu World.

The video is produced by Global University for Sustainability, 2018.


Session 1: Decolonizing The Mind: Beyond Nationalism And Globalization: The Prophecy And Crisis Of October, Hui Wang Jun 2018

Session 1: Decolonizing The Mind: Beyond Nationalism And Globalization: The Prophecy And Crisis Of October, Hui Wang

South South Forum 南南論壇

On Day 2 (14 June 2018), in the session of “Decolonizing the Mind: Beyond Nationalism and Globalization”, WANG Hui (Tsinghua University, China) delivered a lecture on The Prophecy and Crisis of October.

The video is produced by Global University for Sustainability, 2018.


Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 2: The Central Intelligence Agency, Bert Chapman Jun 2018

Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 2: The Central Intelligence Agency, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides an overview of information resources produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) including popular reference works like World Factbook and Chiefs of State and Cabinet Leaders of Foreign Governments. Additional content describes the CIA's origins and development, descriptions of current organizational components, information about it's directors, and the text of historical National Intelligence Estimates (NIE) and the President's Daily Brief covering topics as varied as North Korea, the 1973 Yom Kippur War, and NIE's on Soviet ballistic missile forces and numerous other topics. Features artifacts from the CIA Museum.


Waves Of Change: Political Violence And Displacement During The Internal War In Peru (1980-2000), Sarah Benewith Apr 2018

Waves Of Change: Political Violence And Displacement During The Internal War In Peru (1980-2000), Sarah Benewith

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

This investigation responds to the problem of the approximate 600,000 people that were internally displaced from 1980 to 2000 due to the political violence that took place between the Peruvian State and insurgent groups like Sendero Luminoso. Specifically, I investigate the relationship between political violence and internal displacement, as well as the nature of the personal experiences of the displaced. Developing the investigation in Cusco and Lima, I utilize a combination of archival revision, direct observation, and interviews. The interviews, from indigenous people displaced from Apurímac during the Internal War, serve as testimonies which I compare with other testimonies ...


Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman Oct 2017

Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical physical properties such as lanthamum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise properties to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG-51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse economic, military ...


Student Knowledge Of Environmental Factors In The Dominican Republic, Nicole Sandretto Aug 2017

Student Knowledge Of Environmental Factors In The Dominican Republic, Nicole Sandretto

The Exposition

No abstract provided.


Australian Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman May 2017

Australian Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides an overview of Australian Government information resources. Features content from Australian Government agency websites such as the Department of Environment and Energy, Department of Defence, Australian National Maritime Museum, ANZAC Memorial in Sydney, Department of Immigration & Border Protection, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Dept. of Agriculture and Water Resources, Australian Parliament, Australian Treasury, Australian Transport Safety Board, and Australian Parliamentary Library. Content includes a video excerpt from Australian parliamentary debate.


Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman Oct 2016

Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

This presentation updates the article "Geopolitical Implications of the Sino-East China Sea Dispute for the U.S." published in Geopolitics, History, and International Relations which is already available in epubs.


Designing & Assessing An Ethical Global Service Learning Experience, Alexandra M. Jones, Chelsey Peterson, Casey L. Janko May 2016

Designing & Assessing An Ethical Global Service Learning Experience, Alexandra M. Jones, Chelsey Peterson, Casey L. Janko

Celebration of Learning

We discuss a service-learning experience in a developing country that we designed to be ethical not only for the people we served, but also for the students who served. We assessed the students' intercultural sensitivities and skills before, during, and after their participation in the SLE, and present our findings.


Hodge-Podge Hybridity: Luo And Western Identities In The Kenyan Development Context, Hannah Tuttle Apr 2015

Hodge-Podge Hybridity: Luo And Western Identities In The Kenyan Development Context, Hannah Tuttle

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

Kinship ties in Africa form the basis of social organization. Far different from the Western conception of individual agency, individuals in Africa often define themselves in terms of their community or lineage. The tension between these two forms of identity-formation is visible in the field of international development. The aim of this research project is to understand the ways in which the social organization of the Luo people of Kisumu, Kenya has interacted with the various projects implemented by both governmental and non-governmental actors. Do those programs emphasize the agency of the individual in ways that complement the larger social ...


Georgia Latino & Immigrant-Serving Nonprofit Organizations: Identifying And Mapping Human Services, Karen Costa, Gabriela Mosso Apr 2015

Georgia Latino & Immigrant-Serving Nonprofit Organizations: Identifying And Mapping Human Services, Karen Costa, Gabriela Mosso

Symposium of Student Scholars

No abstract provided.


The Oromo: Toward A Psychology Of Liberation And Oromo Empowerment, Asafa Jalata Jun 2014

The Oromo: Toward A Psychology Of Liberation And Oromo Empowerment, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

No abstract provided.


China's 80后 And 90后: The Next Generation Of Leaders In The World's Next Superpower, A Students-Teaching-Students Course, Patrick Slavin May 2013

China's 80后 And 90后: The Next Generation Of Leaders In The World's Next Superpower, A Students-Teaching-Students Course, Patrick Slavin

Senior Honors Projects

In light of China’s recent reemergence as a global superpower, it is becoming increasingly important for westerners to understand its history and culture. For current college students, the culture of China’s youth is particularly pertinent.

In this project, a course, HPR 107: Chinese Youth Culture, was designed and taught through the Students-Teaching-Students program, which provides senior Honor’s Program students the opportunity to design and teach their own Honor’s Program course. The HPR 107 course focuses on China’s 80后 and 90后 generations, those born in the 1980s and 1990s, respectively.

This multi-faceted project includes: subject matter ...


Emerging Threats To National Security And Development In Africa, Emmanuel Wekem Kotia Mar 2013

Emerging Threats To National Security And Development In Africa, Emmanuel Wekem Kotia

Emmanuel Wekem Kotia

A presentation to students of the PhD and Masters Programs in International Conflict Management at Kennesaw State University.


Contemporary Challenges To Peacekeeping Operations In Africa, Emmanuel Wekem Kotia Mar 2013

Contemporary Challenges To Peacekeeping Operations In Africa, Emmanuel Wekem Kotia

Emmanuel Wekem Kotia

A presentation to students of the PhD and Masters Programs in International Conflict Management at Kennesaw State University. Outlines types of United Nations peacekeeping operations in Africa and discusses structural challenges to same.