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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Leaving The Tech Funnel: How Top Students Come To Reject "Prestigious Jobs", Evan Cui Jun 2020

Leaving The Tech Funnel: How Top Students Come To Reject "Prestigious Jobs", Evan Cui

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Recent sociological literature has identified the career funneling effect as a cultural and institutional social process which constructs certain career pathways as “prestigious” and leads a disproportionate number of students from top universities to pursue these pathways. Yet, if these social forces are so strong, why do some students with the means to pursue these pathways consciously reject them in pursuit of alternative, less prestigious pathways? My analysis focuses on computer science students and the pathway into prestigious Big Tech companies, a relatively recent and understudied pathway for top students. Using a combination of formal in-depth interviews and informal discussions ...


Crim 204: Crime And Justice In The Urban Community In The New Millenium, Adrian Bordoni Jun 2020

Crim 204: Crime And Justice In The Urban Community In The New Millenium, Adrian Bordoni

Open Educational Resources

Lesson Plans for CRIM 204 Crime and Justice in the Urban Community, including all OER materials discussing Critical thinking; NYPD Patrol Guide and UCR statistics; Gangs as Deviant Groups and Sub-Cultures; Transnational Gangs; Drug Policies in the U.S.; Different types of Policing, Human Trafficking and Sexual Assault


Exploring Why Women Use #Metoo To Share Personal Experiences Of Sexual Assault: A Qualitative Descriptive Study, Katelin Smith May 2020

Exploring Why Women Use #Metoo To Share Personal Experiences Of Sexual Assault: A Qualitative Descriptive Study, Katelin Smith

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In October 2017 millions of women shared their experiences with sexual assault and harassment via social media platforms as part the #metoo movement. A surprising feature of the #metoo movement was women's openness to share these experiences on public forums including Twitter and Facebook. Few studies have explored the factors that led women to share their personal experiences. This proposed project will use qualitative in-depth interviews to: 1) describe the motivations of women leading them to share their experiences with sexual assault and/or harassment, and 2) elucidate how sharing these experiences on social media impacts upon their recovery ...


Preference Or Prejudice?: Does Phenotype Influence Interracial Dating And Mating Attitudes Among African American And Latino College Students?, Kela Allen May 2020

Preference Or Prejudice?: Does Phenotype Influence Interracial Dating And Mating Attitudes Among African American And Latino College Students?, Kela Allen

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Historical evidence has shown that issues of skin tone (e.g., the lightness or darkness of one's skin color) are embedded in the lives of African Americans and Latinos (Childs, 2005; Cobas & Qian, 2004; Landor & McNeil Smith, 2019). Skin tone bias originates from the idea that European phenotypic characteristics (e.g., lighter skin, thinner lips, and straighter hair) are more desirable than the other end of the spectrum (darker skin, fuller lips, kinkier hair) (Bany, Feliciano, Robnett, 2014). Research suggests that European phenotypic characteristics are considered more desirable when selecting a partner (Hunter, 2007; Landor, 2017). Using data from a sample of 145 African American and Latino college students (African American, n = 91 or Latino, n = 54) who participated in the Health and Relationships During College (HRDC) study, I conducted hierarchical regression analyses to determine how European phenotypic characteristics (e.g., lighter skin, thinner lips, lighter hair color, and straighter hair) influences interracial mating and dating attitudes for African American ...


Who Is More Motivated To Answer Survey Questions: Men Or Women?, Anthony Jenkins Jr. May 2020

Who Is More Motivated To Answer Survey Questions: Men Or Women?, Anthony Jenkins Jr.

Scholars Day Conference

There are a wide range of factors that are considered motivators. Each individual is motivated differently. Before starting, I suspected that women would be more motivated to take this survey than men. This was based on the research I did involving the different ways males are motivated versus females.


Senior Bonner Reflection, Emily Shiplett Apr 2020

Senior Bonner Reflection, Emily Shiplett

Bonner Presentations

The mission of the Bonner Program is to transform the lives of students and members, their campuses, their local communities, and the world through service and leadership. The Bonner Program is designed to heighten the overall education students and members receive by asking them to engage in ongoing service work and helping them develop the experience, skills, knowledge, and values necessary to make that work meaningful and lasting. In this presentation, Emily Shiplett describes the people and experiences which were most meaningful to her throughout her years in the Bonner Program at Ursinus College.


Rehabilitation And Reintegration Of Child Soldiers, Jennifer Delgado Apr 2020

Rehabilitation And Reintegration Of Child Soldiers, Jennifer Delgado

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Over the years, armed forces have repeatedly recruited and kidnaped children to be used during conflict. Because of their vulnerability, children have become a strategic source for groups such as ISIS, Boko Haram, and Al Shabaab. According to the United Nations (2017), approximately 115,000 children have already been released from armed forces globally since 2000. As these children are being released from these terrorist organizations, it raises questions about how these children should be integrated back into society after participating in an unknown number of traumatic and criminal events. National governments and international organizations remain uncertain as to whether ...


Breastfeeding And Feminism In France, Megan Wadsworth Apr 2020

Breastfeeding And Feminism In France, Megan Wadsworth

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Women in France have some of the lowest breastfeeding rates among high-income countries in Europe. The World Health Organization encourages new mothers to breastfeed for up to two years, and globally around 60 percent of women are still breastfeeding at this point. However, only 63 percent of French mothers ever start breastfeeding, and typically stop after just 17 weeks. These numbers are perplexing because they are significantly lower than the breastfeeding rates among other high-income countries such as the US at 74.4 percent and the UK at 81 percent. After researching the debate surrounding breastfeeding in France it became ...


My Bonner Journey, Allison Degerlia Apr 2020

My Bonner Journey, Allison Degerlia

Bonner Presentations

The mission of the Bonner Program is to transform the lives of students and members, their campuses, their local communities, and the world through service and leadership. The Bonner Program is designed to heighten the overall education students and members receive by asking them to engage in ongoing service work and helping them develop the experience, skills, knowledge, and values necessary to make that work meaningful and lasting. In this presentation, Allison DeGerlia describes the people and experiences which were most meaningful to her throughout her years in the Bonner Program at Ursinus College.


Bonner Impact, Emily Thomas Apr 2020

Bonner Impact, Emily Thomas

Bonner Presentations

The mission of the Bonner Program is to transform the lives of students and members, their campuses, their local communities, and the world through service and leadership. The Bonner Program is designed to heighten the overall education students and members receive by asking them to engage in ongoing service work and helping them develop the experience, skills, knowledge, and values necessary to make that work meaningful and lasting. In this presentation, Emily Thomas describes the people and experiences which were most meaningful to her throughout her years in the Bonner Program at Ursinus College.


The Association Between Mandatory State Arrests And Intimiate Partner Homicides, Magdelene Thebaud Apr 2020

The Association Between Mandatory State Arrests And Intimiate Partner Homicides, Magdelene Thebaud

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Battered women have had to deal with a great rise in violence once mandatory arrests were decided on their intimate partner. The determination of the police to arrest the abuser was not always made with their best intentions. The motivation to arrest the abusers would often stem from the pressure of liability. Often times the police racially profile the victims and the abusers which may result in a dual arrest or unwillingness for victims of domestic violence to contact the police. This study refines our current understanding of the certainty of arrest in relation to domestic violence occurring after the ...


The Impact Of Social Influences On Msum Students' Decision To Go To College, Jenna Ellertson Apr 2020

The Impact Of Social Influences On Msum Students' Decision To Go To College, Jenna Ellertson

Student Academic Conference

With a cultural image that portrays a “college for all” mantra, there are a variety of measures that may be impactful on one’s decision to go to college. This paper focuses on Minnesota State University Moorhead students’ narratives around social influences and pressure to continue their education through the means of a four-year degree. It was found that areas of social impact were based on the influences of family, friends, media, and the American dream in relation to one’s self-identity and future aspirations. In terms of individual decisions towards college, major choice and university location were almost exclusively ...


Exploring Nurses' Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide: A Study Of Nurses Working With Terminally Ill Patients, Marjie L. Schoolfield Apr 2020

Exploring Nurses' Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide: A Study Of Nurses Working With Terminally Ill Patients, Marjie L. Schoolfield

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Physician-assisted suicide, legalized in many states is becoming an option for patients diagnosed with a terminal illness. Nurse participation in physician-assisted suicide is not supported through state nurse practice acts or national nursing organizations, causing potential contradictions in practice rights for advanced practice nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of registered and advanced practice nurses who work with the terminally ill regarding the patient option of physician-assisted suicide. This quantitative research was conducted with hospice registered nurses employed by a hospice organization in the Midwest and included participants from states where physician-assisted suicide is legal ...


Locked Up And Locked Out: True Stories Of Individuals Who Experienced The Intersection Between Homelessness And The Criminal Justice System, Jean Johnson Apr 2020

Locked Up And Locked Out: True Stories Of Individuals Who Experienced The Intersection Between Homelessness And The Criminal Justice System, Jean Johnson

Senior Honors Projects

JEAN JOHNSON (Criminology & Criminal Justice)

Locked Up and Locked Out: True Stories of the Interlocking Cycle of

Homelessness and the Criminal Justice System

Sponsor: Jill Doerner (Criminology & Criminal Justice, Sociology & Anthropology), Heather Johnson (Writing & Rhetoric)

Key locks work when a key made with teeth is placed into a cylinder with a series of pins and tumblers. If you don’t insert the right key one or more of the pins will remain in the way, preventing the key from turning and the lock will remain closed. According to the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, tens of thousands of homeless ...


Gender In Masterchef, Kailey Bowers Mar 2020

Gender In Masterchef, Kailey Bowers

Scholars Week

This study examines whether the mentioning of family and culture is more common in women or men? Are statements of self-confidence more common in men, and what are the conflicts between contestants? My data in this presentation will show the different characters of men and women portrayed through the show MasterChef. This study adds to a small but growing scholarship about gender and food television. Some of the scholars are, Nilsson, Gabriella; Harris, Deborah A., Giuffre, Patti A.; Hornbuckle, Jamie; Jonatan Leer; Rodney, Alexandra, Josée Johnston, and Phillipa Chong. One episode from every season was randomly chosen, giving me a ...


Weight Loss And Healthiness: How Advertisements Target This Phenomenon, Madelyn Coleman Mar 2020

Weight Loss And Healthiness: How Advertisements Target This Phenomenon, Madelyn Coleman

Scholars Week

With advertisements being all around us in the media and in magazines, messages flood into our everyday lives that can impact us both negatively and positively. Research prior to this involved how media has portrayed women and their weight loss as well as how they are looking at “skinniness” and body type. This as well as overall effects of the media in the food world were among many that have been studied. For my research, I wanted to look at the overall targeting of weight loss and health within magazines not as much as the idea of weight loss as ...


Highlighting Recipes For Recognition And Social Reform In Soul Food Cookbooks., Jake Hicks Mar 2020

Highlighting Recipes For Recognition And Social Reform In Soul Food Cookbooks., Jake Hicks

Scholars Week

This research explores the writings of African American chefs Edna Lewis and Todd Richards along with Nutritional activists Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver, who have used their published soul food cookbooks to challenge racial stereotypes while redefining America’s perceptions of the southern cuisine known as soul food. Existing scholarship has found that southern cuisine is branching out into more than just a regional food and has shifted into a social movement. This project offers a progressive view on how this social movement of southern cuisine is aiming to reshape the public’s understandings of what constitutes Soul food ...


Yummy Advertising? A Look At The Sexualization Of Food Advertisements, Mackenzie Cook Mar 2020

Yummy Advertising? A Look At The Sexualization Of Food Advertisements, Mackenzie Cook

Scholars Week

This content analysis was to further research in looking how sexuality is used in advertising, but particularly food advertisements. More specifically, words and phrases used, advertising characters, how they are presented and posed, etc. Using a combination of 15 Carl’s Jr. and Hardee’s ads, these were analyzed to find consistent themes for advertising tactics. Findings show that sexual innuendos in advertisement phrasing are often used, as well as female characters. It also showed that these characters were often scantily clad or close to nude, making them have more “sex appeal” for the male audience. Facial expressions and posing ...


The Evolution Of Mcdonald’S: As Seen On Tv., Jay Gibson Mar 2020

The Evolution Of Mcdonald’S: As Seen On Tv., Jay Gibson

Scholars Week

When thinking of fast food, McDonald’s is often one of the first that comes to mind. However, we rarely think about how this industry giant has changed over the years. From this point the question is asked, how has McDonald’s advertisements changed to suit their ever-growing audience? What, if anything, has caused these changes? Many might simply say the changes come with the times, but research reveals that there could potentially be much more serious reasons, such as the anti-obesity movement and battles in the legal field. By analyzing numerous television advertisements from the 90s and recent years ...


Sitcom Tv Food Messages: Who Makes And What Are We Eating?, Elizabeth Gagnon Mar 2020

Sitcom Tv Food Messages: Who Makes And What Are We Eating?, Elizabeth Gagnon

Scholars Week

I dive into the family sitcom Fuller House and observe how it represents people who cook and what we eat. As a modern-day family sitcom, representation is current to our standards within today’s diets and kitchen routines. With both men and women cooking in the kitchen, healthy food choices are displayed everywhere, depicting nutritional awareness. I consider the food being served and discuss whether they may fit into gender tropes, such as a male protagonist taking pride in his special burgers. I focus on what food is represented, whether from shopping, ordering through an app, or in the kitchen ...


Tasteful Cookie Lingo, Sheldon Baringer Mar 2020

Tasteful Cookie Lingo, Sheldon Baringer

Scholars Week

In stores today, several brands of cookies use selective word choices directed towards the consumer, for example, by using the words organic or natural. Prior research has analyzed in a similar fashion, but to my knowledge has not used this specific test group. In this research, I show how packaging for cookies affect buyer’s choice, as well as, price in comparison to health. Importantly, as claims on package towards a healthier product increase, so does price. I further examine how cost changes the focus of the product from healthy to delicious, or bulk size, in order to demonstrate how ...


Black Asl (American Sign Language), Katrina Thulin Mar 2020

Black Asl (American Sign Language), Katrina Thulin

Sociology Student Work Collection

Presentation about Black ASL (American Sign Language) including it's origin, evolution, current study, and differences between mainstream ASL and Black ASL.


Pornography: Adolescent Brain Development & Addiction, William K. Canady Mar 2020

Pornography: Adolescent Brain Development & Addiction, William K. Canady

National Youth-At-Risk Conference

This presentation will explain the historical development of pornography. It will highlight three segments: 1- Porn’s impact on brain development of reward pathways, ultimately increasing the appetite for more porn. 2- Porn can be a false substitute for real intimacy, resulting in decreased sexual satisfaction with a real person and increased verbal and physical aggression. 3- Porn promotes sex trafficking, promotes multiple sex partners and reduced STD prevention.


A Girl Named Sue: A Child's Journey From Complex Trauma To Hope, Healing & Recovery, Jamie Like Ms. Mar 2020

A Girl Named Sue: A Child's Journey From Complex Trauma To Hope, Healing & Recovery, Jamie Like Ms.

National Youth-At-Risk Conference

Audience would include any school staff, counselors, social workers, parents and community members. Many children who experience complex trauma struggle emotionally, physically and behaviorally. In this session, participants will learn to never underestimate the impact they can make in the life of a child, that damage from childhood trauma can be mitigated and that relationships, relationships, relationships are the key to everything!


A Melting Pot Of Medications: Issues Regarding Over-Prescribing In Dementia Populations, Angela Gifford Mar 2020

A Melting Pot Of Medications: Issues Regarding Over-Prescribing In Dementia Populations, Angela Gifford

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Over-prescribing is an issue faced by many in the older population, but dementia patients statistically experience higher prescribing rates of potentially inappropriate medications compared to their peers. There are currently no FDA approved medications available for the direct treatment of dementia, but drug classes like anticholinergics and psychotropics are used for the management of behavioral symptoms associated with the disease. These drugs can cause negative side-effects in the dementia populations including gastrointestinal issues, neurological issues, increased hospitalizations, and increased mortality rates within this group. Most troubling, the benefits that are supposed to occur from taking these drugs have been show ...


Sometimes A Joke Is Not Just A Joke: Examining The Role Of Humor On Police Officers’ Workplace Experiences, Rachael Rief Mar 2020

Sometimes A Joke Is Not Just A Joke: Examining The Role Of Humor On Police Officers’ Workplace Experiences, Rachael Rief

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Masculinity is pervasive in the field of policing, present in both the culture and organizational structure. As women continue to represent a low number of all sworn law enforcement officers, research has begun considering how culture and structural conditions interact with gender to affect women’s experiences in policing. This research suggests that many informal and formal practices in police culture, including the use of gendered jokes or sexist humor, work to exclude women and highlight the importance of gendered aspects of the job. However, little research has explored the extent to which humor and joking behavior explicitly interacts with ...


Comparing Individual Perceptions Of Food Desert With Quantitative Measures In Omaha, Nebraska., Hector N. Samani, Bradley Bereitschaft Mar 2020

Comparing Individual Perceptions Of Food Desert With Quantitative Measures In Omaha, Nebraska., Hector N. Samani, Bradley Bereitschaft

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Food deserts have been linked to an increase in chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, due to lower access to affordable and healthy foods. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) outlines various methods and variables for defining food deserts, in attempts to standardize what constitutes a food desert or their characteristics. The USDA identifies the state of Nebraska as having both rural and urban food deserts, with an increase of food insecurity from 1.1% – 3.0% between 2007 and 2012 and warns of further increase of food deserts and its impact if measures are not taken. However ...


Tobacco Use Disparities By Sexual And Gender Minority Status Among Ucf Students., Parth N. Patel Jan 2020

Tobacco Use Disparities By Sexual And Gender Minority Status Among Ucf Students., Parth N. Patel

Digital Repository: Showcase of Undergraduate Research Excellence

No abstract provided.


Identity Complexities Of African American First-Generation Students, Chandria L. Harris Nov 2019

Identity Complexities Of African American First-Generation Students, Chandria L. Harris

Black Issues Conference

Identity Complexities of African American First-Generation Students

African American first generational students struggle with identifying who they are and how they are supposed to show up in their college communities socially and academically.

This session will guide attendees through the thought process of an African American First-Generational Students and solutions to assist them with persisting to graduation.


Stand Up And Be Counted, Kimberly Smith Nov 2019

Stand Up And Be Counted, Kimberly Smith

Black Issues Conference

“Stand Up and Be Counted”- The presentation spotlights the US Census over 200 years, the American minority by the numbers, and wielding the 2020 census as a tool for the next decade of minority political and social empowerment.

Presenter: Kimberly Smith, MBA

Company: US Census Bureau

This workshop is designed to improve the awareness of civic responsibilities and participation in the decennial 2020 census. The information discussed will educate the audience on the history and process of the census, as well as, the impact of census data on minority communities.

Format:

The presentation will begin with census introductory information and ...