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Physics Faculty Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Multi-Metallic Conduction Cooled Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavity With High Thermal Stability, Gianluigi Ciovati, Gary Cheng, Uttar Pudasaini, Robert A. Rimmer Jul 2020

Multi-Metallic Conduction Cooled Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavity With High Thermal Stability, Gianluigi Ciovati, Gary Cheng, Uttar Pudasaini, Robert A. Rimmer

Physics Faculty Publications

Superconducting radio-frequency cavities are commonly used in modern particle accelerators for applied and fundamental research. Such cavities are typically made of high-purity, bulk Nb and with cooling by a liquid helium bath at a temperature of ∼2 K. The size, cost and complexity of operating a particle accelerator with a liquid helium refrigerator make the current cavity technology not favorable for use in industrial-type accelerators. We have developed a multi-metallic 1.495 GHz elliptical cavity conductively cooled by a cryocooler. The cavity has a ∼2 μm thick layer of Nb3Sn on the inner surface, exposed to the rf ...


Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura May 2020

Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the general formalism presented in [Phys. Rev. D 94, 013008 (2016); Phys. Rev. D 100, 034511 (2019)], we study the finite-volume effects for the 2 þ J → 2 matrix element of an external current coupled to a two-particle state of identical scalars with perturbative interactions. Working in a finite cubic volume with periodicity L, we derive a 1=L expansion of the matrix element through O(1=L5) and find that it is governed by two universal current-dependent parameters, the scalar charge and the threshold two particle form factor. We confirm the result through a numerical study of ...


Heavy Quark Expansion For Heavy-Light Light-Cone Operators, Shuai Zhao Apr 2020

Heavy Quark Expansion For Heavy-Light Light-Cone Operators, Shuai Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

We generalize the celebrated heavy quark expansion to nonlocal QCD operators. By taking nonlocal heavy-light current on the light-cone as an example, we confirm that the collinear singularities are common between QCD operator and the corresponding operator in heavy quark effective theory (HQET), at the leading power of 1/M expansion. Based on a perturbative calculation in operator form at one-loop level, a factorization formula linking QCD and HQET operators is investigated and the matching coefficient is determined. The matching between QCD and HQET light-cone distribution amplitudes (LCDAs) as well as other momentum distributions of hadron can be derived as ...


The Clas12 Software Framework And Event Reconstruction, V. Ziegler, N. A. Baltzell, F. Bossù, D. S. Carman, P. Chatanon, M. Contalbrigo, J. Newton, M. Ungaro Apr 2020

The Clas12 Software Framework And Event Reconstruction, V. Ziegler, N. A. Baltzell, F. Bossù, D. S. Carman, P. Chatanon, M. Contalbrigo, J. Newton, M. Ungaro

Physics Faculty Publications

We describe offline event reconstruction for the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer at 12 GeV (CLAS12), including an overview of the offline reconstruction framework and software tools, a description of the algorithms developed for the individual detector subsystems, and the overall approach for charged and neutral particle identification. We also present the scheme for data processing and the code management procedures.


Question 1: Car Flip; Question 2: A Mole Of People, Larry Weinstein Jan 2020

Question 1: Car Flip; Question 2: A Mole Of People, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

Consider mass, area, power, and food requirements. For more Fermi questions and answers, see Guesstimation 2.0: Solving Today's Problems on the Back of a Napkin, by Lawrence Weinstein (Princeton University Press, 2012). [Extracted from artcle]


Solutions For Fermi Questions, January 2020: Question 1: Car Flip; Question 2: A Mole Of People, Larry Weinstein Jan 2020

Solutions For Fermi Questions, January 2020: Question 1: Car Flip; Question 2: A Mole Of People, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

At what speed will a car flip over when it slides side-ways into a curb? The angular momentum of the car will depend on its initial speed, the height of the curb, and the height of the center-of-mass (CM) of the car. If we approximate the car as having all its mass located at its CM, then its initial angular momentum relative to the top of the curb is. [Extracted from the article]


Question 1: Plowing Snow; Question 2: Wasted Food, Larry Weinstein Jan 2020

Question 1: Plowing Snow; Question 2: Wasted Food, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

[Extracted from the article] How much snow is shoveled or plowed in the U.S. in a typical winter? How much food is wasted at school cafeterias every year in the U.S.? For more Fermi questions and answers, see Guesstimation 2.0: Solving Today's Problems on the Back of a Napkin, by Lawrence Weinstein (Princeton University Press, 2012).


Long-Range Electroweak Amplitudes Of Single Hadrons From Euclidean Finite-Volume Correlation Functions, Raúl A. Briceño, Zohreh Davoudi, Maxwell T. Hansen, Matthias R. Schindler, Alessandro Baroni Jan 2020

Long-Range Electroweak Amplitudes Of Single Hadrons From Euclidean Finite-Volume Correlation Functions, Raúl A. Briceño, Zohreh Davoudi, Maxwell T. Hansen, Matthias R. Schindler, Alessandro Baroni

Physics Faculty Publications

A relation is presented between single-hadron long-range matrix elements defined in a finite Euclidean spacetime and the corresponding infinite-volume Minkowski amplitudes. This relation is valid in the kinematic region where any number of two-hadron states can simultaneously go on shell, so that the effects of strongly coupled intermediate channels are included. These channels can consist of nonidentical particles with arbitrary intrinsic spins. The result accommodates general Lorentz structures as well as nonzero momentum transfer for the two external currents inserted between the single-hadron states. The formalism, therefore, generalizes the work by Christ et al. [Phys. Rev. D 91, 114510 (2015 ...


Optical-Depth Scaling Of Light Scattering From A Dense And Cold Atomic 87Rb Gas, K. J. Kemp, S. J. Roof, M. D. Havey, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, W. Guerin Jan 2020

Optical-Depth Scaling Of Light Scattering From A Dense And Cold Atomic 87Rb Gas, K. J. Kemp, S. J. Roof, M. D. Havey, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, W. Guerin

Physics Faculty Publications

We report investigation of near-resonance light scattering from a cold and dense atomic gas of 87Rb atoms. Measurements are made for probe frequencies tuned near the F=2→ F'=3 nearly closed hyperfine transition, with particular attention paid to the dependence of the scattered light intensity on detuning from resonance, the number of atoms in the sample, and atomic sample size. We find that, over a wide range of experimental variables, the optical depth of the atomic sample serves as an effective single scaling parameter which describes well all the experimental data.


Electron Tunneling And X-Ray Photoelectron Spectoscopy Studies Of The Superconductiong Properties Of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Resonator Cavities, Eric M. Lechner, Basu Dev Oli, Junki Makita, Gianluigi Ciovati, Alex Gurevich, Maria Iavarone Jan 2020

Electron Tunneling And X-Ray Photoelectron Spectoscopy Studies Of The Superconductiong Properties Of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Resonator Cavities, Eric M. Lechner, Basu Dev Oli, Junki Makita, Gianluigi Ciovati, Alex Gurevich, Maria Iavarone

Physics Faculty Publications

We use scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to investigate the effect of nitrogen doping on the surface electronic and chemical structures of cutouts from superconducting Nb radio-frequency cavities. The goal of this work is to get insights into the fundamental physics and materials mechanisms behind the striking decrease of the surface resistance with the radio-frequency magnetic field, which has been observed on N-doped Nb cavities. Our XPS measurements reveal significantly more oxidized Nb 3d states and a thinner metallic suboxide layer on the N-doped Nb surfaces, which is also confirmed by tunneling spectroscopy ...


Nonlinear Dynamics And Dissipation Of A Curvilinear Vortex Driven By A Strong Time-Dependent Meissner Current, W.P.M.R. Pathirana, A. Gurevich Jan 2020

Nonlinear Dynamics And Dissipation Of A Curvilinear Vortex Driven By A Strong Time-Dependent Meissner Current, W.P.M.R. Pathirana, A. Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

We report numerical simulations of large-amplitude oscillations of a trapped vortex line under a strong ac magnetic field H(t)=H sinωt parallel to the surface. The power dissipated by an oscillating vortex segment driven by the surface ac Meissner currents was calculated by taking into account the nonlinear vortex line tension, vortex mass, and a nonlinear Larkin-Ovchinnikov (LO) viscous drag coefficient η(v). We show that the LO decrease of η(v) with the vortex velocity v can radically change the field dependence of the surface resistance Ri(H) caused by trapped vortices. At low frequencies, Ri ...


Collision Of Li2+ With Li(2s) And Li(2p): Differential And Total Ionization; Discrete Excitations; Elastic Scattering, And Total Cross Section, H.R.J. Walters, Colm T. Whelan Jan 2020

Collision Of Li2+ With Li(2s) And Li(2p): Differential And Total Ionization; Discrete Excitations; Elastic Scattering, And Total Cross Section, H.R.J. Walters, Colm T. Whelan

Physics Faculty Publications

The coupled pseudostate approximation (McGovernet al2009Phys. Rev. A79042707) has been applied to Li2+ + Li(2s, 2p0,±1) collisions at 16 MeV with emphasis on studying the fully differential ionization measurements of Ghanbari-Adivi et al in the azimuthal plane (2017 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50 215202). The states of the valence electron in the Li target are calculated using the model potential of Stein (1993 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 262087). Altogether 164 states with angular momental= 0 to 9 are employed in the scattering calculation. It is assumed that the electron in the ...


Neutron Valence Structure From Nuclear Deep Inelastic Scattering, E. P. Segarra, A. Schmidt, T. Kutz, D. W. Higinbotham, E. Piasetzky, M. Strikman, L. B. Weinstein, O. Hen Jan 2020

Neutron Valence Structure From Nuclear Deep Inelastic Scattering, E. P. Segarra, A. Schmidt, T. Kutz, D. W. Higinbotham, E. Piasetzky, M. Strikman, L. B. Weinstein, O. Hen

Physics Faculty Publications

Mechanisms of spin-flavor SU(6) symmetry breaking in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are studied via an extraction of the free neutron structure function from a global analysis of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) data on the proton and on nuclei from A = 2 (deuterium) to 208 (lead). Modification of the structure function of nucleons bound in atomic nuclei (known as the EMC effect) are consistently accounted for within the framework of a universal modification of nucleons in short-range correlated (SRC) pairs. Our extracted neutron-to-proton structure function ratio Fn2/Fp2 becomes constant for xB ≥ 0.6, equaling 0 ...


Measurement Of The Single-Spin Asymmetry A⁰ʸ In Quasi-Elastic ³He↑(E,E'N) Scattering At 0.4 < Q2 < 1.0 Gev/C2, E. Long, Y.W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, M. Canan, S. Golge, L. Zhu Jan 2020

Measurement Of The Single-Spin Asymmetry A⁰ʸ In Quasi-Elastic ³He↑(E,E'N) Scattering At 0.4 2 2, E. Long, Y.W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, M. Canan, S. Golge, L. Zhu

Physics Faculty Publications

Due to the lack of free neutron targets, studies of the structure of the neutron are typically made by scattering electrons from either ²H or ³He targets. In order to extract useful neutron information from a ³He target, one must understand how the neutron in a ³He system differs from a free neutron by taking into account nuclear effects such as final state interactions and meson exchange currents. The target single spin asymmetry A⁰ʸ is an ideal probe of such effects, as any deviation from zero indicates effects beyond plane wave impulse approximation. New measurements of the target single spin ...


Quasielastic Lepton Scattering And Back-To-Back Nucleons In The Short-Time Approximation, S. Pastore, J. Carlson, S. Gandolfi, R. Schiavilla, R. B. Wiringa Jan 2020

Quasielastic Lepton Scattering And Back-To-Back Nucleons In The Short-Time Approximation, S. Pastore, J. Carlson, S. Gandolfi, R. Schiavilla, R. B. Wiringa

Physics Faculty Publications

Understanding quasielastic electron and neutrino scattering from nuclei has taken on new urgency with current and planned neutrino oscillation experiments, and with electron scattering experiments measuring specific final states, such as those involving nucleon pairs in "back-to-back" configurations. Accurate many-body methods are available for calculating the response of light (A <= 12) nuclei to electromagnetic and weak probes, but they are computationally intensive and only applicable to the inclusive response. In the present work we introduce a novel approach, based on realistic models of nuclear interactions and currents, to evaluate the short-time (high-energy) inclusive and exclusive response of nuclei. The approach accounts reliably for crucial two-nucleon dynamics, including correlations and currents, and provides information on back-to-back nucleons observed in electron and neutrino scattering experiments. We demonstrate that in the quasielastic regime and at moderate momentum transfers both initial- and final-state correlations and two-nucleon currents are important for a quantitatively successful description of the inclusive response and final-state nucleons. Finally, the approach can be extended to include relativistic-kinematical and dynamical-effects, at least approximately in the two-nucleon sector, and to describe the response in the resonance-excitation region.


Probing Few-Body Nuclear Dynamics Via ³H And ³He (E E'P) Pn Cross-Section Measurements, R. Cruz-Torres, F. Hauenstein, D. Bulumulla, C. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, M.N.H. Rashad, L.B. Weinstein, Et. Al., Jefferson Lab Hall A. Tritium Collaboration Jan 2020

Probing Few-Body Nuclear Dynamics Via ³H And ³He (E E'P) Pn Cross-Section Measurements, R. Cruz-Torres, F. Hauenstein, D. Bulumulla, C. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, M.N.H. Rashad, L.B. Weinstein, Et. Al., Jefferson Lab Hall A. Tritium Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the (e, e'p) three-body breakup reaction cross sections in helium-3 (3He) and tritium (3H) at large momentum transfer [< Q2> ≈ 1.9 (GeV/c)2] and xB> 1 kinematics, where the cross section should be sensitive to quasielastic (QE) scattering from single nucleons. The data cover missing momenta 40 ≤ pmiss ≤ 500 MeV/c that, in the QE limit with no rescattering, equals the initial momentum of the probed nucleon. The measured cross sections are compared with state-of-the-art ab initio calculations. Overall good agreement, within ± 20%, is observed between data and ...


Intrinsic Transverse Momentum And Evolution In Weighted Spin Asymmetries, Jian-Wei Qiu, Ted C. Rogers, Bowen Wang Jan 2020

Intrinsic Transverse Momentum And Evolution In Weighted Spin Asymmetries, Jian-Wei Qiu, Ted C. Rogers, Bowen Wang

Physics Faculty Publications

The transverse momentum-dependent (TMD) and collinear higher twist theoretical factorization frameworks are the most frequently used approaches to describe spin-dependent hard cross sections weighted by and integrated over transverse momentum. Of particular interest is the contribution from small transverse momentum associated with the target bound state. In phenomenological applications, this contribution is often investigated using transverse momentum weighted integrals that sharply regulate the large transverse momentum contribution, for example, with Gaussian parametrizations. Since the result is a kind of hybrid of TMD and collinear (inclusive) treatments, it is important to establish if and how the formalisms are related in applications ...


Observation Of In-Plane Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Fese, Jong Mok Ok, Chang Il Kwon, Yoshimitsu Kohama, Jung Sang You, Sun Kyu Park, Ji-Hye Kim, Y.J. Jo, E.S. Choi, Koichi Kindo, Woun Kang, Ki-Seok Kim, E. G. Moon, Alex Gurevich, Jun Sung Kim Jan 2020

Observation Of In-Plane Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Fese, Jong Mok Ok, Chang Il Kwon, Yoshimitsu Kohama, Jung Sang You, Sun Kyu Park, Ji-Hye Kim, Y.J. Jo, E.S. Choi, Koichi Kindo, Woun Kang, Ki-Seok Kim, E. G. Moon, Alex Gurevich, Jun Sung Kim

Physics Faculty Publications

We investigate thermodynamic properties of FeSe under in-plane magnetic fields using torque magnetometry, specific heat, and magnetocaloric measurements. Below the upper critical field Hc2, we observed the field induced anomalies at H1 ∼ 15 T and H2 ∼ 22 T near H ∥ ab and below a characteristic temperature T* ∼ 2 K. The transition magnetic fields H1 and H2 exhibit negligible dependence on both temperature and field orientation. This contrasts to the strong temperature and angle dependence of Hc2, suggesting that these anomalies are attributed to the field induced phase transitions, originating from the inherent spin-density-wave instability ...


B-Meson Light-Cone Distribution Amplitude From Euclidean Quantities, Wei Wang, Yu-Ming Wang, Ji Xu, Shuai Zhao Jan 2020

B-Meson Light-Cone Distribution Amplitude From Euclidean Quantities, Wei Wang, Yu-Ming Wang, Ji Xu, Shuai Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

A new method for the model-independent determination of the light-cone distribution amplitude of the B-meson in heavy quark effective theory (HQET) is proposed by combining the large momentum effective theory and the numerical simulation technique on the Euclidean lattice. We demonstrate the autonomous scale dependence of the nonlocal quasi-HQET operator with the aid of the auxiliary field approach, and further determine the perturbative matching coefficient entering the hard-collinear factorization formula for the B-meson quasidistribution amplitude at the one-loop accuracy. These results will be crucial to explore the partonic structure of heavy-quark hadrons in the static limit and to ...


Parton Distribution Functions From Loffe Time Pseudo-Distributions, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David Richards, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Dec 2019

Parton Distribution Functions From Loffe Time Pseudo-Distributions, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David Richards, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

In this paper, we present a detailed study of the unpolarized nucleon parton distribution function (PDF) employing the approach of parton pseudo-distribution functions. We perform a systematic analysis using three lattice ensembles at two volumes, with lattice spacings a = 0.127 fm and a = 0.094 fm, for a pion mass of roughly 400 MeV. With two lattice spacings and two volumes, both continuum limit and infinite volume extrapolation systematic errors of the PDF are considered. In addition to the x dependence of the PDF, we compute their first two moments and compare them with the pertinent phenomenological determinations.


Question 1: Electric Cars; Question 2: Chicken Poop, Larry Weinstein Dec 2019

Question 1: Electric Cars; Question 2: Chicken Poop, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

How much more electrical energy will the United States need to generate if everyone drives electric cars? How much chicken excrement is produced in the United States every year?. [Extracted from the article]


Solutions For Fermi Questions, December 2019: Question 1: Electric Cars; Question 2: Chicken Poop, Larry Weinstein Dec 2019

Solutions For Fermi Questions, December 2019: Question 1: Electric Cars; Question 2: Chicken Poop, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

How much more electrical energy will the United States need to generate if everyone drives electric cars? B I Answer: i b If we all switch from gasoline-fueled to electricity-fueled cars, then we will need to generate more electrical energy. Thus, if we replace all of our gasoline-fueled cars with electricity-fueled cars, we will need to generate about 30% more electrical energy. [Extracted from the article]


Beam Asymmetry Σ For The Photoproduction Of Η And Ή Mesons At Eγ = 8.8gev, S. Adhikari, A. Ali, M. J. Amaryan, A. Austregesilo, F. Barbosa, J. Barlow, A. Barnes, E. Barriga, R. Barsotti, T. D. Beattie, V. V. Berdnikov, T. Black, N. Wickramaarachchi, B. Zihlmann, The Gluex Collaboration Dec 2019

Beam Asymmetry Σ For The Photoproduction Of Η And Ή Mesons At Eγ = 8.8gev, S. Adhikari, A. Ali, M. J. Amaryan, A. Austregesilo, F. Barbosa, J. Barlow, A. Barnes, E. Barriga, R. Barsotti, T. D. Beattie, V. V. Berdnikov, T. Black, N. Wickramaarachchi, B. Zihlmann, The Gluex Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report on the measurement of the beam asymmetry Σ for the reactions →γp→pη and →γp→pη′ from the GlueX experiment using an 8.2–8.8-GeV linearly polarized tagged photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target in Hall D at Jefferson Laboratory. These measurements are made as a function of momentum transfer −t with significantly higher statistical precision than our earlier η measurements and are the first measurements of η′ in this energy range. We compare the results to theoretical predictions based on t-channel quasiparticle exchange. We also compare the ratio of Ση to Ση ...


Pion Valence Structure From Ioffe-Time Parton Pseudodistribution Functions, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orinos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Dec 2019

Pion Valence Structure From Ioffe-Time Parton Pseudodistribution Functions, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orinos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a calculation of the pion valence quark distribution extracted using the formalism of reduced Ioffe-time pseudodistributions or more commonly known as pseudo-PDFs. Our calculation is carried out on two different 2 + 1 flavor QCD ensembles using the isotropic-clover fermion action, with lattice dimensions 243 × 64 and 323 × 96 at the lattice spacing of a = 0.127 fm, and with the quark mass equivalent to a pion mass of mπ ≃ 415 MeV. We incorporate several combinations of smeared-point and smeared-smeared pion source-sink interpolation fields in obtaining the lattice QCD matrix elements using the summation method. After ...


Generalized Parton Distributions And Pseudodistributions, Anatoly V. Radyushkin Dec 2019

Generalized Parton Distributions And Pseudodistributions, Anatoly V. Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

We derive one-loop matching relations for the Ioffe-time distributions (ITDs) related to the pion distribution amplitude (DA) and generalized parton distributions (GPDs). They are obtained from a universal expression for the one-loop correction in an operator form, and will be used in the ongoing lattice calculations of the pion DA and GPDs within the parton pseudodistributions approach.


Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements: Conserved Currents And Bound States, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura Dec 2019

Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements: Conserved Currents And Bound States, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura

Physics Faculty Publications

Recently, a framework has been developed to study form factors of two-hadron states probed by an external current. The method is based on relating finite-volume matrix elements, computed using numerical lattice QCD, to the corresponding infinite-volume observables. As the formalism is complicated, it is important to provide nontrivial checks on the final results and also to explore limiting cases in which more straightforward predictions may be extracted. In this work we provide examples on both fronts. First, we show that, in the case of a conserved vector current, the formalism ensures that the finite-volume matrix element of the conserved charge ...


Measurement Of The Cross Sections For Inclusive Electron Scattering In The E12-14-012 Experiment At Jefferson Lab, M. Murphy, H. Dai, D. Abrams, A. M. Ankowski, B. Aljawrneh, S. Alsalmi, J. Bane, S. Barcus, O. Benhar, V. Bellini, J. Bericic, D. Biswas, A. Camsonne, J. Castellanos, J.-P. Chen, M. E. Christy, K. Craycraft, R. Cruz-Torres, D. Day, S.-C. Dusa, E. Fuchey, T. Gautam, C. Giusti, J. Gomez, C. Gu, T. Hague, J.-O. Hanson, F. Hauenstein, D. W. Higinbotham, C. E. Hyde, C. M. Jen, C. Keppel, S. Li, R. Lindgren, H. Liu, C. Mariani, R. E. Mcclellan, D. Meekins, R. Michaels, M. Mihovilovic, D. Nguyen, M. Nycz, L. Ou, B. Pandey, V. Pandey, K. Park, G. Perera, A. J. R. Puckett, S. N. Santiesteban, S. Širca, T. Su, L. Tang, Y. Tian, N. Ton, B. Wojtsekhowski, S. Wood, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration Nov 2019

Measurement Of The Cross Sections For Inclusive Electron Scattering In The E12-14-012 Experiment At Jefferson Lab, M. Murphy, H. Dai, D. Abrams, A. M. Ankowski, B. Aljawrneh, S. Alsalmi, J. Bane, S. Barcus, O. Benhar, V. Bellini, J. Bericic, D. Biswas, A. Camsonne, J. Castellanos, J.-P. Chen, M. E. Christy, K. Craycraft, R. Cruz-Torres, D. Day, S.-C. Dusa, E. Fuchey, T. Gautam, C. Giusti, J. Gomez, C. Gu, T. Hague, J.-O. Hanson, F. Hauenstein, D. W. Higinbotham, C. E. Hyde, C. M. Jen, C. Keppel, S. Li, R. Lindgren, H. Liu, C. Mariani, R. E. Mcclellan, D. Meekins, R. Michaels, M. Mihovilovic, D. Nguyen, M. Nycz, L. Ou, B. Pandey, V. Pandey, K. Park, G. Perera, A. J. R. Puckett, S. N. Santiesteban, S. Širca, T. Su, L. Tang, Y. Tian, N. Ton, B. Wojtsekhowski, S. Wood, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

The E12-14-012 experiment performed at Jefferson Lab Hall A has collected inclusive electron-scattering data for different targets at the kinematics corresponding to beam energy 2.222 GeV and scattering angle 15.54°. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the collected data and compare the double-differential cross sections for inclusive scattering of electrons, extracted using solid targets (aluminum, carbon, and titanium) and a closed argon-gas cell. The data extend over broad range of energy transfer, where quasielastic interaction, Δ-resonance excitation, and inelastic scattering yield contributions to the cross section. The double-differential cross sections are reported with high precision (∼3%) for ...


Collinear Factorization In Wide-Angle Hadron Pair Production In E + E − Annihilation, E. Moffat, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, A. Signori Nov 2019

Collinear Factorization In Wide-Angle Hadron Pair Production In E + E − Annihilation, E. Moffat, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, A. Signori

Physics Faculty Publications

We compute the inclusive unpolarized dihadron production cross section in the far from back-to-back region of e+ e− annihilation in leading order pQCD using existing fragmentation function fits and standard collinear factorization, focusing on the large transverse momentum region where transverse momentum is comparable to the hard scale (the center-of-mass energy). We compare with standard transverse-momentum-dependent (TMD) fragmentation function-based predictions intended for the small transverse momentum region with the aim of testing the expectation that the two types of calculation roughly coincide at intermediate transverse momentum. We find significant tension, within the intermediate transverse momentum region, between calculations done with ...


Validating The Water Vapor Variance Similarity Relationship In The Interfacial Layer Using Observations And Large-Eddy Simulations, M. K. Osman, D. D. Turner, Thijs Heus, V. Wulfmeyer Oct 2019

Validating The Water Vapor Variance Similarity Relationship In The Interfacial Layer Using Observations And Large-Eddy Simulations, M. K. Osman, D. D. Turner, Thijs Heus, V. Wulfmeyer

Physics Faculty Publications

In previous work, the similarity relationship for the water vapor variance in the interfacial layer (IL) at the top of the convective boundary layer (CBL) was proposed to be proportional to the convective velocity scale and the gradients of the water vapor mixing ratio and the Brunt‐Vaisala frequency in the entrainment zone. In the presence of wind shear in the IL, the similarity relationship was hypothesized to also include a dependence on the gradient Richardson number. Simultaneous measurements of the surface buoyancy flux, wind‐shear profiles from a radar wind profiler, water vapor mixing ratio and temperature measurements and ...


Complete Matching For Quasidistribution Functions In Large Momentum Effective Theory, Wei Wang, Jian-Hui Zhang, Shuai Zhao, Ruilin Zhu Oct 2019

Complete Matching For Quasidistribution Functions In Large Momentum Effective Theory, Wei Wang, Jian-Hui Zhang, Shuai Zhao, Ruilin Zhu

Physics Faculty Publications

We complete the procedure of extracting parton distribution functions (PDFs) using large momentum effective theory at leading power accuracy in the hadron momentum. We derive a general factorization formula for the quasi-PDFs in the presence of mixing and give the corresponding hard matching kernel at O(αs), both for the unpolarized and for the polarized quark and gluon quasi-PDFs. Our calculation is performed in a regularization-independent momentum subtraction scheme. The results allow us to match the nonperturbatively renormalized quasi-PDFs to normal PDFs in the presence of mixing and therefore can be used to extract flavor-singlet quark PDFs as well ...