Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Ergonomics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

241 Full-Text Articles 306 Authors 33465 Downloads 18 Institutions

All Articles in Ergonomics

Faceted Search

241 full-text articles. Page 1 of 10.

Agricultural Worker Injury Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology: Assessing Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Gretchen A. Mosher, Saxon J. Ryan, Charles V. Schwab 2017 Iowa State University

Agricultural Worker Injury Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology: Assessing Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Gretchen A. Mosher, Saxon J. Ryan, Charles V. Schwab

Gretchen A. Mosher

Keeping workers safe is a continuing challenge in agricultural production. Risk assessment methodologies have been used widely in other industries to better understand systems and enhance decision making, yet their use in production agriculture has been limited. This article describes the considerations and the approach taken to measure the difference in worker injury risks between two agricultural production systems. A model was developed specifically for the comparison of worker injury risk between corn and biofuel switchgrass production systems. The model is composed of injury and exposure values that were used in a Monte Carlo simulation. The output of this risk ...


Analyzing Team Training Data: Aspirations For A Gift Data Analytics Engine, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Anastacia MacAllister, Adam Kohl, Eliot Winer, Michael C. Dorneich, Anna Slavina, Desmond Bonner, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson 2017 Iowa State University

Analyzing Team Training Data: Aspirations For A Gift Data Analytics Engine, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Anastacia Macallister, Adam Kohl, Eliot Winer, Michael C. Dorneich, Anna Slavina, Desmond Bonner, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson

Anastacia MacAllister

No abstract provided.


Fusing Self-Reported And Sensor Data From Mixed-Reality Training, Trevor Richardson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Joseph Holub, Frederick Thompson, Anastacia MacAllister, Rafael Radkowski, Eliot Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Fusing Self-Reported And Sensor Data From Mixed-Reality Training, Trevor Richardson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Joseph Holub, Frederick Thompson, Anastacia Macallister, Rafael Radkowski, Eliot Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

Military and industrial use of smaller, more accurate sensors are allowing increasing amounts of data to be acquired at diminishing costs during training. Traditional human subject testing often collects qualitative data from participants through self-reported questionnaires. This qualitative information is valuable but often incomplete to assess training outcomes. Quantitative information such as motion tracking data, communication frequency, and heart rate can offer the missing pieces in training outcome assessment. The successful fusion and analysis of qualitative and quantitative information sources is necessary for collaborative, mixed-reality, and augmented-reality training to reach its full potential. The challenge is determining a reliable framework ...


Evaluation Of A Scientifically Developed Anesthesiology Handoff Protocol, Kristen Lise Welsh Webster 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evaluation Of A Scientifically Developed Anesthesiology Handoff Protocol, Kristen Lise Welsh Webster

Dissertations and Theses

Communication failures have been cited as the leading cause of avoidable adverse events in healthcare. Specifically, within handoffs, these communication failures can cause error in the transfer of patient information. A multitude of factors can affect the transmission of patient information between providers including transactive memory, power distance, and conversational noise; however, literature suggests that the use of handoff protocols assist in improving communication and efficiency during handoffs. Studies regarding handoffs have typically centered on the content or delivery of the information during the handoff. To date, none have targeted the underlying mechanisms of the communication and their effects on ...


Assessing Multiple Participant View Positioning In Virtual Reality-Based Training, Jonathan W. Kelly, Eliot Winer, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael Curtis, Eduardo Rubio, Ken Kopecky, Joseph Scott Holub, Julio de la Cruz 2017 Iowa State University

Assessing Multiple Participant View Positioning In Virtual Reality-Based Training, Jonathan W. Kelly, Eliot Winer, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael Curtis, Eduardo Rubio, Ken Kopecky, Joseph Scott Holub, Julio De La Cruz

Jonathan W. Kelly

As cost, time, and other challenging resource requirements are placed on U.S. Joint forces training, the role of simulations will play an even greater role than it does today. To effectively aid a Warfighter in gaining critical skills and to assess the proficiency of those skills, computer-based training must advance beyond traditional desktop simulations and monoscopic projection technology. Virtual Reality (VR) based training has been proven in fields such as medical and engineering to increase a trainee’s level of immersion, and increase training performance in several metrics including accuracy and efficiency, while simultaneously decreasing cost. Warfighter training offers ...


Comparing Training Performance With Vibrotactile Hit Alerts Vs. Audio Alerts, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anthony Civitate, Jonathan W. Kelly, Frederick Thompson, Alisha Smith, Ken Kopecky, Eliot Winer, Julio de la Cruz 2017 Iowa State University

Comparing Training Performance With Vibrotactile Hit Alerts Vs. Audio Alerts, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anthony Civitate, Jonathan W. Kelly, Frederick Thompson, Alisha Smith, Ken Kopecky, Eliot Winer, Julio De La Cruz

Jonathan W. Kelly

Live, virtual, and constructive training that integrates dismounted warfighter training with convoy training, pilot training, and other systems has been demonstrated to reduce training time, and studies have shown that a high level of immersion and the illusion of presence in a VR environment contribute to this success. However, current force-on-force training simulators lack one major quality that is needed to impart this strong sense of presence for warfighters: the consequence of getting shot.

Simulated return-fire systems have been developed for different purposes including military, police and entertainment. Some use projectiles, but that approach is usually limited to a shoot ...


Graduated Stress Exposure Of Spaceflight Hazards In A Virtual Environment, Tor Finseth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Michael C. Dorneich, Clayton C. Anderson 2017 Iowa State University

Graduated Stress Exposure Of Spaceflight Hazards In A Virtual Environment, Tor Finseth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Michael C. Dorneich, Clayton C. Anderson

Warren D Franke

Stress experienced by astronauts during high-level hazardous situations may poses risk to personnel wellbeing and to mission success. Stress inoculation training (SIT) provides individuals with experience of minor stressors and coping skills during non-critical times to enhance their resistance to stress. This study evaluates the effect of exposure to a low level stressor on physiological response and cognitive load in high level stressor setting. Simulation of fire emergency on the International Space Station (ISS) in a full-scale, immersive, interactive, 3D virtual reality environment facilitated a process for stress inoculation. The experimental settings included two groups that have been exposed to ...


Utility Of Baroreflex Sensitivity As A Marker Of Stress, Amanda A. Anderson, Nir Keren, Andrew Lilja, Kevin Godby, Stephen B. Gilbert, Warren D. Franke 2017 Iowa State University

Utility Of Baroreflex Sensitivity As A Marker Of Stress, Amanda A. Anderson, Nir Keren, Andrew Lilja, Kevin Godby, Stephen B. Gilbert, Warren D. Franke

Warren D Franke

Presently, adaptive systems use various cognitive and cardiovascular measures to evaluate the functional state of the operator. One marker that has been largely ignored as an assessment tool is baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). This study examined the extent to which BRS changed in response to acute psychological and physical stressors. A total of 20 participants underwent 6-min exposures to a psychological stressor and a physical stressor. Baroreceptor sensitivity, blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate variability, stroke volume, cardiac output, mean blood pressure, total peripheral resistance, left ventricular ejection time, and pre-ejection period were continuously measured at rest and throughout the testing ...


Incorporation Of Future Building Operating Conditions Into The Modeling Of Building–Microclimate Interaction: A Feasibility Approach, Kelly Kalvelage, Ulrike Passe, Caroline Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich 2017 Iowa State University

Incorporation Of Future Building Operating Conditions Into The Modeling Of Building–Microclimate Interaction: A Feasibility Approach, Kelly Kalvelage, Ulrike Passe, Caroline Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich

Ulrike Passe

This paper presents a novel modeling methodology that integrates the near building environmental conditions (or microclimate), whole-building design, and occupant behavior. Accurate predictions of the future building operating conditions lead to designs that serve the building’s purpose – to support occupants’ tasks. This study bridges the gap between human factors and architecture to include physical, cognitive, and organizational systems into building information modeling using future typical meteorological year climate data, canyon air temperature microclimate model, and a whole-building energy simulation to investigate the impact of future microclimate conditions on a “typical” single-occupant office. Additionally, to capture the effects of building ...


Designing Adaptive Instruction For Teams: A Meta-Analysis, Robert A. Sottilare, C. Shawn Burke, Eduardo Salas, Anne M. Sinatra, Joan H. Johnston, Stephen B. Gilbert 2017 United States Army Research Laboratory

Designing Adaptive Instruction For Teams: A Meta-Analysis, Robert A. Sottilare, C. Shawn Burke, Eduardo Salas, Anne M. Sinatra, Joan H. Johnston, Stephen B. Gilbert

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The goal of this research was the development of a practical architecture for the computer-based tutoring of teams. This article examines the relationship of team behaviors as antecedents to successful team performance and learning during adaptive instruction guided by Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs). Adaptive instruction is a training or educational experience tailored by artificially-intelligent, computer-based tutors with the goal of optimizing learner outcomes (e.g., knowledge and skill acquisition, performance, enhanced retention, accelerated learning, or transfer of skills from instructional environments to work environments). The core contribution of this research was the identification of behavioral markers associated with the antecedents ...


An Ergonomics Investigation Of The Application Of Virtual Reality On Training For A Precision Task, Delaney M. Bales 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

An Ergonomics Investigation Of The Application Of Virtual Reality On Training For A Precision Task, Delaney M. Bales

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Virtual reality is rapidly expanding its capabilities and accessibility to consumers. The application of virtual reality in training for precision tasks has been limited to specialized equipment such as a haptic glove or a haptic stylus, but not studied for handheld controllers in consumer-grade systems such as the HTC Vive. A straight-line precision steadiness task was adopted in virtual reality to emulate basic linear movements in industrial operations and disability rehabilitation. This study collected the total time and the error time for the straight-line task in both virtual reality and a physical control experiment for 48 participants. The task was ...


The Issues And Complexities Surrounding The Future Of Long Duration Spaceflight, Solomon Miiro 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Issues And Complexities Surrounding The Future Of Long Duration Spaceflight, Solomon Miiro

Graduate Student Works

The Comprehensive Exam put forward by this proposal is intended to address the learning objectives covered by the Master of Aeronautical Science Degree with specializations in Aviation Aerospace Safety Systems and some limited aspects in Human Factors in Aviation Systems. This will be accomplished by researching the following topics: effects of long duration spaceflight on crew performance and functioning and the steps that should be taken to enable long term spaceflight mission crews in lieu of accomplishing important missions; a human factor analysis should current human-machine design interfaces be enhanced to make manual rendezvous and docking in space easier to ...


Evaluation Of The Display Of Cognitive State Feedback To Drive Adaptive Task Sharing, Michael C. Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen 2017 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of The Display Of Cognitive State Feedback To Drive Adaptive Task Sharing, Michael C. Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This paper presents an adaptive system intended to address workload imbalances between pilots in future flight decks. Team performance can be maximized when task demands are balanced within crew capabilities and resources. Good communication skills enable teams to adapt to changes in workload, and include the balancing of workload between team members This work addresses human factors priorities in the aviation domain with the goal to develop concepts that balance operator workload, support future operator roles and responsibilities, and support new task requirements, while allowing operators to focus on the most safety critical tasks. A traditional closed-loop adaptive system includes ...


Liquid Force Kite Control System Design, Brendan Kerr, Brodie Sutherland, Alden Simmer 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Liquid Force Kite Control System Design, Brendan Kerr, Brodie Sutherland, Alden Simmer

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Kiteboarding is an ocean sport wherein the participant, also known as a kiter, uses a large inflatable bow shaped kite to plane across the ocean on a surfboard or wakeboard. The rider is connected to his or her kite via a control bar system. This control system allows the kiter to steer the kite and add or remove power from the kite, in order to change direction and increase or decrease speed. This senior project focused on creating a new control bar system to replace a control bar system manufactured by a kiteboarding company, Liquid Force. The current Liquid Force ...


Bio-Mimicry Of A Leopard Tortoise’ Shoulder Girdle In Space Frame Design Of An Ambulance Body, Sarah A. Matiko 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Bio-Mimicry Of A Leopard Tortoise’ Shoulder Girdle In Space Frame Design Of An Ambulance Body, Sarah A. Matiko

Dissertations and Theses

It appears that there is a need for affordable, functional and safe emergency medical support service vehicles in rural Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It is inferred that the road conditions have an influence on the availability, durability and affordability of motorized and non-motorized vehicles in rural areas. Also, it is deduced that locally modified bicycle and motorcycle ambulances are not conducive to maternal patients during emergencies. This study investigates the feasibility of modelling an ergonomically and crashworthy patient compartment for road conditions in rural SSA. The patient compartment is modelled by establishing geometrical requirements via a design standard for emergency medical ...


User Interface Device For Adaptive Systems, Stephen Whitlow, Claudia Keinrath, Michael C. Dorneich 2017 Iowa State University

User Interface Device For Adaptive Systems, Stephen Whitlow, Claudia Keinrath, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system for providing feedback regarding the division of automated and operator tasks is provided. The system includes a display device and a processor. The processor is configured to at least selectively supply image rendering display commands to the display device that cause the display device to simultaneously render an operator pane, an automation pane, and a shared pane. The operator pane displays one or more tasks that have been allocated for execution by a human operator, the automation pane displays one or more tasks that have been allocated for execution by automation, and the shared pane displays one or ...


Chocolate Bar Wrapping Machine, Austin M. Hoff, Daniel R. Trepke, Caleb B. Krichbuam 2017 The University of Akron

Chocolate Bar Wrapping Machine, Austin M. Hoff, Daniel R. Trepke, Caleb B. Krichbuam

Honors Research Projects

Gilbert Chocolates has proposed to manufacture a machine to wrap chocolate bars. This machine is intended to replace two people wrapping the chocolate bars by hand, which is a time consuming method. This is especially apparent between October and January when the workers are working long hours in preparation for the Christmas rush of customers. Currently wrapping a bar takes about a minute and Gilbert Chocolates wants this time reduced down to 20-30 seconds. The budget for this project is set at $1000, and is being funded by the company. This machine needs to fit in a cubic foot of ...


Analyzing Team Training Data: Aspirations For A Gift Data Analytics Engine, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Anastacia MacAllister, Adam Kohl, Eliot Winer, Michael C. Dorneich, Anna Slavina, Desmond Bonner, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson 2017 Iowa State University

Analyzing Team Training Data: Aspirations For A Gift Data Analytics Engine, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Anastacia Macallister, Adam Kohl, Eliot Winer, Michael C. Dorneich, Anna Slavina, Desmond Bonner, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

No abstract provided.


Virtual Operator Models For Off-Highway Machine Virtual Prototyping, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward 2017 Iowa State University

Virtual Operator Models For Off-Highway Machine Virtual Prototyping, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Increasing demands on the world’s resources require the design of off-highway machines that provide greater functionality and productivity along with greater efficiency. Model-based or virtual design provides a means for achieving these design improvements with reduced time and costs. However, virtual design is often limited by the fidelity with which human operators are modeled. A greater understanding of how highly skilled operators obtain high machine performance and productivity can inform machine development and advance agricultural and construction machine automation technology. This research investigated how machine operator expertise, strategies, and decision-making can be integrated into operator models that simulate authentic ...


Agricultural Worker Injury Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology: Assessing Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Gretchen A. Mosher, Saxon J. Ryan, Charles V. Schwab 2017 Iowa State University

Agricultural Worker Injury Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology: Assessing Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Gretchen A. Mosher, Saxon J. Ryan, Charles V. Schwab

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Keeping workers safe is a continuing challenge in agricultural production. Risk assessment methodologies have been used widely in other industries to better understand systems and enhance decision making, yet their use in production agriculture has been limited. This article describes the considerations and the approach taken to measure the difference in worker injury risks between two agricultural production systems. A model was developed specifically for the comparison of worker injury risk between corn and biofuel switchgrass production systems. The model is composed of injury and exposure values that were used in a Monte Carlo simulation. The output of this risk ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress