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Rapid Tagging And Reporting For Functional Language Extraction In Scientific Articles, Mahdi Ramezani, Vijay K. Kalivarapu, Stephen B. Gilbert, Sarah R. Huffman, Elena Cotos, Annette M. O'Connor 2017 Iowa State University

Rapid Tagging And Reporting For Functional Language Extraction In Scientific Articles, Mahdi Ramezani, Vijay K. Kalivarapu, Stephen B. Gilbert, Sarah R. Huffman, Elena Cotos, Annette M. O'Connor

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This paper describes the development of a web-based application for tagging scientific articles, in part to create machine learning training datasets for automated functional language identification and extraction (AFLEX). The initial intent for this work was to provide a new member of the ecosystem of tools that facilitate the structured automation of systematic reviews, an area of work that typically requires critical analysis of multiple research studies and provides an exhaustive summary of literature related to a research question. However, the tool’s modular interface allows use across disciplines. A user may upload PDF or text documents and quickly tag ...


Virtual Operator Models For Off-Highway Machine Virtual Prototyping, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward 2017 Iowa State University

Virtual Operator Models For Off-Highway Machine Virtual Prototyping, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward

Brian L. Steward

Increasing demands on the world’s resources require the design of off-highway machines that provide greater functionality and productivity along with greater efficiency. Model-based or virtual design provides a means for achieving these design improvements with reduced time and costs. However, virtual design is often limited by the fidelity with which human operators are modeled. A greater understanding of how highly skilled operators obtain high machine performance and productivity can inform machine development and advance agricultural and construction machine automation technology. This research investigated how machine operator expertise, strategies, and decision-making can be integrated into operator models that simulate authentic ...


Arctic Lawe: An Upper-Body Exoskeleton For Firearm Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein 2017 Iowa State University

Arctic Lawe: An Upper-Body Exoskeleton For Firearm Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The Armed Robotic Control for Training in Civilian Law Enforcement, or ARCTiC LawE, is an upper-body exoskeleton designed to assist civilian, military, and law enforcement personnel in accurate, precise, and reliable handgun techniques. This exoskeleton training utilizes a laser-based handgun with similar dimensions, trigger pull, and break action to a Glock® 19 pistol, common to both public and private security sectors. The paper aims to train and test subjects with no handgun training/experience both with and without the ARCTiC LawE and compare the results of accuracy, precision, and speed. Ultimately, the exoskeleton greatly impacts sensory motor learning, and the ...


Development Of Design Requirements For A Cognitive Assistant In Space Missions Beyond Low Earth Orbit, Güliz Tokadl, Michael C. Dorneich 2017 Iowa State University

Development Of Design Requirements For A Cognitive Assistant In Space Missions Beyond Low Earth Orbit, Güliz Tokadl, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This study describes the development of requirements for a cognitive assistant (CA) for use onboard a space vehicle/station. For missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO), delayed communication will limit mission control’s ability to support the space crew in real time. During off-nominal situations, where no procedures have been developed prior to missions, crews must develop responses in real time and may increasingly rely on automation. A systematic approach was used to model the domain knowledge of the collaborative decision-making process of current space operations, extrapolate to missions beyond LEO, and develop the design requirements for a CA. Document ...


The Effect Of Locking Out Wrist Flexion And Extension With An Upper Body Exoskeleton On Handgun Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Erik Danford-Klein, Tyler Oviatt 2017 Iowa State University

The Effect Of Locking Out Wrist Flexion And Extension With An Upper Body Exoskeleton On Handgun Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Erik Danford-Klein, Tyler Oviatt

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The second version of The Armed Robotic Control for Training in Civilian Law Enforcement, or ARCTiC LawE is presented in this paper. The ARCTiC LawE is an upper body exoskeleton designed to assist in training civilians, military, and law enforcement personnel. This second iteration tests the effect of locking out wrist flexion and extension for handgun training in addition to locking out the radial and ulnar deviation from the first version of The ARCTiC LawE. The experimental group scored significantly higher than the control group at 21 feet and 45 feet over a two-week period. The training occurred in week ...


Evaluation Of A Scientifically Developed Anesthesiology Handoff Protocol, Kristen Lise Welsh Webster 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evaluation Of A Scientifically Developed Anesthesiology Handoff Protocol, Kristen Lise Welsh Webster

Dissertations and Theses

Communication failures have been cited as the leading cause of avoidable adverse events in healthcare. Specifically, within handoffs, these communication failures can cause error in the transfer of patient information. A multitude of factors can affect the transmission of patient information between providers including transactive memory, power distance, and conversational noise; however, literature suggests that the use of handoff protocols assist in improving communication and efficiency during handoffs. Studies regarding handoffs have typically centered on the content or delivery of the information during the handoff. To date, none have targeted the underlying mechanisms of the communication and their effects on ...


The Effect Of Locking Out Radial And Ulnar Deviation With An Upper Body Exoskeleton On Handgun Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein 2017 Iowa State University

The Effect Of Locking Out Radial And Ulnar Deviation With An Upper Body Exoskeleton On Handgun Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This paper presents the first version of the ARCTiC LawE, short for the Armed Robotic Control for Training in Civilian Law Enforcement. The ARCTiC LawE is an upper body exoskeleton designed to assist in training civilians, military, and law enforcement personnel. The first iteration of this exoskeleton tests the effect of locking out radial and ulnar deviation for handgun training. The project trained and tested subjects with little to no handgun training/experience utilizing the ARCTiC LawE. An analysis of accuracy and precision was conducted with 24 participants. The experimental group scored statistically significantly higher than the control group at ...


Human-Robot Collaborated Exploration And Wayfinding: Orientation Awareness And Its Enhancement, Richard T. Stone, Peihan Zhong, Thomas M. Schnieders 2017 Iowa State University

Human-Robot Collaborated Exploration And Wayfinding: Orientation Awareness And Its Enhancement, Richard T. Stone, Peihan Zhong, Thomas M. Schnieders

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Orientation awareness, being aware of heading direction, current location, and an object’s location relative to current location are all critical for wayfinding. Obtaining and maintaining the orientation awareness is a challenging task and even more difficult in remote wayfinding where the wayfinder cannot physically be in the environment. This study designed an interface to enhance the orientation awareness under a remote wayfinding condition by providing a route map showing the previous path taken by the operator and evaluated its effectiveness. Sixteen participants were tested in this study with eight people in each group. The experimental group received the interface ...


Determination Of Recovery Time For A Simple Lifting Task Based On Weight, Frequency, And Duration Of The Lift, Milad Amini 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Determination Of Recovery Time For A Simple Lifting Task Based On Weight, Frequency, And Duration Of The Lift, Milad Amini

LSU Master's Theses

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a leading cause of injury in American workplaces which cost the economy billions of dollars each year. Extensive research has shown that job fatigue is one of the causes of MSDs. Allocating frequent and adequate rest break is suggested to be an effective method in mitigating the work overload and fatigue prevention. The objective of this research was to determine rest periods for lifting tasks based on the activity heart rate and by using a set of task variables. Twenty-four university male students took part in this study. The two response variables were perceived level of ...


The Effect Of Magnification Loupes On Dental Hygienists' Posture While Exploring, Emily Ludwig, Gayle B. McCombs, Susan L. Tolle, Daniel M. Russell 2017 Old Dominion University

The Effect Of Magnification Loupes On Dental Hygienists' Posture While Exploring, Emily Ludwig, Gayle B. Mccombs, Susan L. Tolle, Daniel M. Russell

Dental Hygiene Faculty Publications

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of dental magnification loupes on posture during instrumentation.

Methods: A convenience sample of 27 right-handed dental hygienists, with no prior history of injuries or disabilities of the head, neck, or trunk region, enrolled in the study. Baseline posture calibration was taken and tri-axial accelerometers were placed on four locations of the head and trunk (occipital region of head; cervical vertebrae C5; thoracic vertebrae T5; lumbar vertebrae L1) to measure acceleration and the orientation of the body to gravity. Participants were randomly assigned to wear self-supplied magnification loupes during either ...


Graduated Stress Exposure Of Spaceflight Hazards In A Virtual Environment, Tor Finseth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Michael C. Dorneich, Clayton C. Anderson 2017 Iowa State University

Graduated Stress Exposure Of Spaceflight Hazards In A Virtual Environment, Tor Finseth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Michael C. Dorneich, Clayton C. Anderson

Warren D Franke

Stress experienced by astronauts during high-level hazardous situations may poses risk to personnel wellbeing and to mission success. Stress inoculation training (SIT) provides individuals with experience of minor stressors and coping skills during non-critical times to enhance their resistance to stress. This study evaluates the effect of exposure to a low level stressor on physiological response and cognitive load in high level stressor setting. Simulation of fire emergency on the International Space Station (ISS) in a full-scale, immersive, interactive, 3D virtual reality environment facilitated a process for stress inoculation. The experimental settings included two groups that have been exposed to ...


Incorporation Of Future Building Operating Conditions Into The Modeling Of Building–Microclimate Interaction: A Feasibility Approach, Kelly Kalvelage, Ulrike Passe, Caroline Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich 2017 Iowa State University

Incorporation Of Future Building Operating Conditions Into The Modeling Of Building–Microclimate Interaction: A Feasibility Approach, Kelly Kalvelage, Ulrike Passe, Caroline Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich

Ulrike Passe

This paper presents a novel modeling methodology that integrates the near building environmental conditions (or microclimate), whole-building design, and occupant behavior. Accurate predictions of the future building operating conditions lead to designs that serve the building’s purpose – to support occupants’ tasks. This study bridges the gap between human factors and architecture to include physical, cognitive, and organizational systems into building information modeling using future typical meteorological year climate data, canyon air temperature microclimate model, and a whole-building energy simulation to investigate the impact of future microclimate conditions on a “typical” single-occupant office. Additionally, to capture the effects of building ...


Virtual Operator Modeling Approach For Construction Machinery, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward, Eric R. Anderson, Lawrence F. Kane, Brian J. Gilmore 2017 Iowa State University

Virtual Operator Modeling Approach For Construction Machinery, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward, Eric R. Anderson, Lawrence F. Kane, Brian J. Gilmore

Brian L. Steward

Greater understanding of how highly skilled operators achieve high machine performance and productivity can inform the development of automation technology for construction machinery. Current human operator models, however, have limited fidelity and may not be useful for machinery automation. In addition, while physical modeling and simulation is widely employed in product development, current operator simulation models may be a limiting factor in assessing the performance envelope of virtual prototypes. A virtual operator modelling approach for construction machinery was developed. Challenges to the development of human operator models include determining what cues and triggers human operators use, how human operators make ...


Virtual Operator Modeling Method For Excavator Trenching, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward 2017 Iowa State University

Virtual Operator Modeling Method For Excavator Trenching, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward

Brian L. Steward

This research investigated how machine operator expertise, strategies, and decision-making can be integrated into operator models that simulate authentic human behavior in construction machine operations. Physical prototype tests of construction machines require significant time and cost. However, computer-based simulation is often limited by the fidelity in which human operators are modeled. A greater understanding of how highly skilled operators obtain high machine performance and productivity can inform machine development and advance construction automation technology. Operator interviews were conducted to build a framework of tasks, strategies, and cues commonly used while controlling an excavator through repeating work cycles. A closed loop ...


An Ergonomics Investigation Of The Application Of Virtual Reality On Training For A Precision Task, Delaney M. Bales 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

An Ergonomics Investigation Of The Application Of Virtual Reality On Training For A Precision Task, Delaney M. Bales

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Virtual reality is rapidly expanding its capabilities and accessibility to consumers. The application of virtual reality in training for precision tasks has been limited to specialized equipment such as a haptic glove or a haptic stylus, but not studied for handheld controllers in consumer-grade systems such as the HTC Vive. A straight-line precision steadiness task was adopted in virtual reality to emulate basic linear movements in industrial operations and disability rehabilitation. This study collected the total time and the error time for the straight-line task in both virtual reality and a physical control experiment for 48 participants. The task was ...


Designing Adaptive Instruction For Teams: A Meta-Analysis, Robert A. Sottilare, C. Shawn Burke, Eduardo Salas, Anne M. Sinatra, Joan H. Johnston, Stephen B. Gilbert 2017 United States Army Research Laboratory

Designing Adaptive Instruction For Teams: A Meta-Analysis, Robert A. Sottilare, C. Shawn Burke, Eduardo Salas, Anne M. Sinatra, Joan H. Johnston, Stephen B. Gilbert

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The goal of this research was the development of a practical architecture for the computer-based tutoring of teams. This article examines the relationship of team behaviors as antecedents to successful team performance and learning during adaptive instruction guided by Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs). Adaptive instruction is a training or educational experience tailored by artificially-intelligent, computer-based tutors with the goal of optimizing learner outcomes (e.g., knowledge and skill acquisition, performance, enhanced retention, accelerated learning, or transfer of skills from instructional environments to work environments). The core contribution of this research was the identification of behavioral markers associated with the antecedents ...


The Issues And Complexities Surrounding The Future Of Long Duration Spaceflight, Solomon Miiro 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Issues And Complexities Surrounding The Future Of Long Duration Spaceflight, Solomon Miiro

Graduate Student Works

The Comprehensive Exam put forward by this proposal is intended to address the learning objectives covered by the Master of Aeronautical Science Degree with specializations in Aviation Aerospace Safety Systems and some limited aspects in Human Factors in Aviation Systems. This will be accomplished by researching the following topics: effects of long duration spaceflight on crew performance and functioning and the steps that should be taken to enable long term spaceflight mission crews in lieu of accomplishing important missions; a human factor analysis should current human-machine design interfaces be enhanced to make manual rendezvous and docking in space easier to ...


Evaluation Of The Display Of Cognitive State Feedback To Drive Adaptive Task Sharing, Michael C. Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen 2017 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of The Display Of Cognitive State Feedback To Drive Adaptive Task Sharing, Michael C. Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This paper presents an adaptive system intended to address workload imbalances between pilots in future flight decks. Team performance can be maximized when task demands are balanced within crew capabilities and resources. Good communication skills enable teams to adapt to changes in workload, and include the balancing of workload between team members This work addresses human factors priorities in the aviation domain with the goal to develop concepts that balance operator workload, support future operator roles and responsibilities, and support new task requirements, while allowing operators to focus on the most safety critical tasks. A traditional closed-loop adaptive system includes ...


Liquid Force Kite Control System Design, Brendan Kerr, Brodie Sutherland, Alden Simmer 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Liquid Force Kite Control System Design, Brendan Kerr, Brodie Sutherland, Alden Simmer

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Kiteboarding is an ocean sport wherein the participant, also known as a kiter, uses a large inflatable bow shaped kite to plane across the ocean on a surfboard or wakeboard. The rider is connected to his or her kite via a control bar system. This control system allows the kiter to steer the kite and add or remove power from the kite, in order to change direction and increase or decrease speed. This senior project focused on creating a new control bar system to replace a control bar system manufactured by a kiteboarding company, Liquid Force. The current Liquid Force ...


Bio-Mimicry Of A Leopard Tortoise’ Shoulder Girdle In Space Frame Design Of An Ambulance Body, Sarah A. Matiko 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Bio-Mimicry Of A Leopard Tortoise’ Shoulder Girdle In Space Frame Design Of An Ambulance Body, Sarah A. Matiko

Dissertations and Theses

It appears that there is a need for affordable, functional and safe emergency medical support service vehicles in rural Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It is inferred that the road conditions have an influence on the availability, durability and affordability of motorized and non-motorized vehicles in rural areas. Also, it is deduced that locally modified bicycle and motorcycle ambulances are not conducive to maternal patients during emergencies. This study investigates the feasibility of modelling an ergonomically and crashworthy patient compartment for road conditions in rural SSA. The patient compartment is modelled by establishing geometrical requirements via a design standard for emergency medical ...


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