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Developing An Ergonomic Model And Automation Justification For Industrial Spraying Operations: A Case Study, Anthony Woods 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Developing An Ergonomic Model And Automation Justification For Industrial Spraying Operations: A Case Study, Anthony Woods

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Industrial spraying tasks prove to be some of the most dull, dirty, and dangerous jobs in the modern day. Although it is a ripe area for automation, justification methods do not typically account for the potential improvements in the ergonomics of a task from automating it. In addition, there is a gap in the ergonomics literature in formal methodologies to comprehensively evaluate an industrial spraying task ergonomically, including all relevant musculoskeletal elements. This research focuses on first developing a formal, comprehensive methodology for ergonomically evaluating industrial spraying tasks and attaining a final classification of the ergonomic ranking of the task ...


Ranking Of Human Senses In Relation To Different In-Flight Activities Contributing To The Comfort Experience Of Airplane Passengers, Joyce Bouwens, Suzanne Hiemstra-van Mastrigt, Peter Vink 2018 Zodiac Seats US

Ranking Of Human Senses In Relation To Different In-Flight Activities Contributing To The Comfort Experience Of Airplane Passengers, Joyce Bouwens, Suzanne Hiemstra-Van Mastrigt, Peter Vink

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Bubb, Bengler, Grünen, and Vollrath (2015) identified six environmental comfort factors and ordered them from most important to least important (smell, light, vibrations, sound, climate and anthropometry). This paper attempts to verify whether this suggested order of comfort-related factors also applies to the expectations of aircraft passengers. For this purpose, two studies were carried out. First, a survey was conducted among 183 aircraft passengers between 19 and 64 years old. In this survey, respondents were asked to rank six comfort factors by selecting the most important factor from 15 pairs of factors (e.g. light versus smell). The respondents indicated ...


Assessment Of Ergonomics In Indian Dental Practice: A Workplace Analysis, Divya Gadde 2018 Western Kentucky University

Assessment Of Ergonomics In Indian Dental Practice: A Workplace Analysis, Divya Gadde

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Dental practice requires unique working conditions such as prolonged working hours, strained body postures and laborious, high finesse dental techniques. However, it can be more efficiently performed by the application of ergonomics, rather than physically forcing the worker's body to fit the job. Posture is highly influenced by factors such as inadequate working level, incorrect patient positioning, and poor visual comfort. In order to eliminate musculoskeletal disorders it is necessary to control these and other factors, and design the human work environment to be more ergonomic. The aim of this study was to assess ergonomics within Indian dental practice ...


Repeatability Case Study Of The 3d Printer In The School Of Engineering And Applied Science Lab, Naif Faleh S. Albaiji 2018 Western Kentucky University

Repeatability Case Study Of The 3d Printer In The School Of Engineering And Applied Science Lab, Naif Faleh S. Albaiji

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

3DP (three-dimensional printing) technologies have become more than just a tool to help companies with prototyping and designing in the pre-production stage. Some firms have already implemented 3DP technology to produce parts and end-use products. However, there are several challenges and barriers that this technology must overcome to replace traditional manufacturing methods. One of the most significant obstacles associated with 3D printing is its low level of accuracy in variable repeatability when it comes to making separate batches of the same product. There are several arguable reasons behind this variation. Some of the factors that can influence repeatability are the ...


Implementation Of 5s At A Survey Laboratory In Western Kentucky University, Mercy Akunna Ebuetse 2018 Western Kentucky University

Implementation Of 5s At A Survey Laboratory In Western Kentucky University, Mercy Akunna Ebuetse

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

5S is a technique used alongside methodologies such as lean, total quality management and six-sigma for continuous improvement and workplace standardization. Nonetheless, despite the upsurge in the implementation of 5S by lean manufacturing facilities and other industries, educational laboratories appear to be lagging. Taking into consideration the benefits of implementing 5S within industry, it has become crucial to replicate the technique in an educational laboratory to obtain equivalent results. To upgrade educational laboratories into industrial laboratories, 5S (sort, set in order, shine, standardize, and sustain) is required to improve the laboratory’s ergonomics that subsequently increases efficiency, productivity, and lessens ...


Affect-Aware Adaptive Tutoring Based On Human–Automation Etiquette Strategies, Euijung Yang, Michael C. Dorneich 2018 Iowa State University

Affect-Aware Adaptive Tutoring Based On Human–Automation Etiquette Strategies, Euijung Yang, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Objective: We investigated adapting the interaction style of intelligent tutoring system (ITS) feedback based on human–automation etiquette strategies.

Background: Most ITSs adapt the content difficulty level, adapt the feedback timing, or provide extra content when they detect cognitive or affective decrements. Our previous work demonstrated that changing the interaction style via different feedback etiquette strategies has differential effects on students’ motivation, confidence, satisfaction, and performance. The best etiquette strategy was also determined by user frustration.

Method: Based on these findings, a rule set was developed that systemically selected the proper etiquette strategy to address one of four learning factors ...


Modeling Expertise And Adaptability In Virtual Operator Models, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward 2018 Iowa State University

Modeling Expertise And Adaptability In Virtual Operator Models, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward

Brian L. Steward

To advance construction machine design and testing, model-based design and virtual operator models (VOMs) can be used to explore machine designs virtually. However, current VOM efforts have been restricted to mimicking known trajectories, recorded from actual machine operations. Previous work developed a VOM to use in closed-loop simulation with an excavator model. To advance the utility of model-based machine testing, the fidelity of the VOM was enhanced along three lines: 1) representation of expert work cycle operation, 2) adaptation to changes in work site environment and 3) adaptation to changes when operating different machines. To represent expertise, work cycle task ...


Effect Of Anthropometric Variability On Middle-Market Aircraft Seating, Tara C. Sriram 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Worldwide

Effect Of Anthropometric Variability On Middle-Market Aircraft Seating, Tara C. Sriram

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

A middle-of-market aircraft, or MoMA, is defined as an aircraft capable of flying 180-250 passengers without refueling for 2,300-5,800 miles(~2,000-5,000 nautical miles). As the name suggests, middle-of-market aircraft are positioned in between the market segments served by narrow body (single-aisle) and wide body (twin-aisle) aircraft. This paper presents the findings of a study on the effect of anthropomorphic variability on economy class seating on middle-market aircraft currently in service. The study found that among 130 middle-market LOPAs, the mean seat pitch was greater for US airlines than for Asian airlines. Furthermore, the sampled Asian airlines ...


Arctic Lawe: An Upper-Body Exoskeleton For Firearm Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein 2018 Iowa State University

Arctic Lawe: An Upper-Body Exoskeleton For Firearm Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein

Thomas Schnieders

The Armed Robotic Control for Training in Civilian Law Enforcement, or ARCTiC LawE, is an upper-body exoskeleton designed to assist civilian, military, and law enforcement personnel in accurate, precise, and reliable handgun techniques. This exoskeleton training utilizes a laser-based handgun with similar dimensions, trigger pull, and break action to a Glock® 19 pistol, common to both public and private security sectors. The paper aims to train and test subjects with no handgun training/experience both with and without the ARCTiC LawE and compare the results of accuracy, precision, and speed. Ultimately, the exoskeleton greatly impacts sensory motor learning, and the ...


Smart Travel, Apoorva Sulakhe 2018 Purdue University

Smart Travel, Apoorva Sulakhe

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

The purpose of this poster is to further explore the idea of a “SMART” travel app. To design an app that is self-monitoring, that could analyze data and present the best travel options for customers in terms of available providers, price and time. Not only should the app be beneficial to customers but it should also be beneficial to providers. Through a series of analysis, questionnaires and eye tracking experiments our team was able to design an app that will provide customers with the information needed to make a well-informed decision on how to travel from point A to B ...


Unmanned Aerial Systems: Research, Development, Education & Training At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Michael P. Hickey 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Unmanned Aerial Systems: Research, Development, Education & Training At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Michael P. Hickey

Publications

With technological breakthroughs in miniaturized aircraft-related components, including but not limited to communications, computer systems and sensors, state-of-the-art unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have become a reality. This fast-growing industry is anticipating and responding to a myriad of societal applications that will provide new and more cost-effective solutions that previous technologies could not, or will replace activities that involved humans in flight with associated risks.

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University has a long history of aviation-related research and education, and is heavily engaged in UAS activities. This document provides a summary of these activities, and is divided into two parts. The first part ...


Communication Based Control For Dc Microgrids, Mahmoud S. Saleh, Yusef Esa, Ahmed Mohamed 2018 CUNY City College

Communication Based Control For Dc Microgrids, Mahmoud S. Saleh, Yusef Esa, Ahmed Mohamed

Publications and Research

Centralized communication-based control is one of the main methods that can be implemented to achieve autonomous advanced energy management capabilities in DC microgrids. However, its major limitation is the fact that communication bandwidth and computation resources are limited in practical applications. This can be often improved by avoiding redundant communications and complex computations. In this paper, an autonomous communication-based hybrid state/event driven control scheme is proposed. This control scheme is hierarchical and heuristic, such that on the primary control level, it encompasses state-driven local controllers, and on the secondary control level, an event-driven MG centralized controller (MGCC) is used ...


The Effect Of Task Load, Automation Reliability, And Environment Complexity On Uav Supervisory Control Performance, Sarah M. Sherwood 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Effect Of Task Load, Automation Reliability, And Environment Complexity On Uav Supervisory Control Performance, Sarah M. Sherwood

Dissertations and Theses

Over the last decade, military unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have experienced exponential growth and now comprise over 40% of military aircraft. However, since most military UAVs require multiple operators (usually an air vehicle operator, payload operator, and mission commander), the proliferation of UAVs has created a manpower burden within the U.S. military. Fortunately, simultaneous advances in UAV automation have enabled a switch from direct control to supervisory control; future UAV operators will no longer directly control a single UAV subsystem but, rather, will control multiple advanced, highly autonomous UAVs. However, research is needed to better understand operator performance in ...


2d Pattern Development Of Cycle Wear From 3d Human Body Scan Data, HYUN JEONG PARK, WOLHEE DO 2018 Chonnam National University

2d Pattern Development Of Cycle Wear From 3d Human Body Scan Data, Hyun Jeong Park, Wolhee Do

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this study is to develop cycling shorts considering the lower body surface changes in male high school cyclists according to their cycling postures. In this method, a male high school cyclist who wears "M" size was selected and the 3D human body scan was performed. In the case of cycling, the lower body posture was shown at various angles by the bending of the body and the rotation of the leg (Cha, 2013). Therefore, the postures of the waist and the knee were set to 145° and 90° in this study. The human body scan was performed ...


Automated Ergonomics Assessment Of Material Handling Activities, Arul Pandian Ganesan 2018 Iowa State University

Automated Ergonomics Assessment Of Material Handling Activities, Arul Pandian Ganesan

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Sustainable Product Design On Elderly Ergonomics, Tris Kee, Alex King 2018 Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Vocational Training Council

Impact Of Sustainable Product Design On Elderly Ergonomics, Tris Kee, Alex King

Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Evaluation And Validation Of Distraction Detection Algorithms On Multiple Data Sources, Shashank Mehrotra 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Evaluation And Validation Of Distraction Detection Algorithms On Multiple Data Sources, Shashank Mehrotra

Masters Theses

This study aims to evaluate algorithms designed to detect distracted driving. This includes the comparison of how efficiently they detect the state of distraction and likelihood of a crash. Four algorithms that utilize measures of cumulative glance, past glance behavior, and glance eccentricity were used to understand the distracted state of the driver and were validated on two separate data sources (i.e., simulator and naturalistic data). Additionally, an independent method for distraction detection was designed using data mining methods. This approach utilized measures like steering degree, lane offset, lateral and longitudinal velocity, and acceleration. The results showed a higher ...


3d Perception-Based Collision-Free Robotic Leaf Probing For Automated Indoor Plant Phenotyping, Yin Bao, Dylan Shah, Lie Tang 2018 Iowa State University

3d Perception-Based Collision-Free Robotic Leaf Probing For Automated Indoor Plant Phenotyping, Yin Bao, Dylan Shah, Lie Tang

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Various instrumentation devices for plant physiology study such as spectrometer, chlorophyll fluorimeter, and Raman spectroscopy sensor require accurate placement of their sensor probes toward the leaf surface to meet specific requirements of probe-to-target distance and orientation. In this work, a Kinect V2 sensor, a high-precision 2D laser profilometer, and a six-axis robotic manipulator were used to automate the leaf probing task. The relatively wide field of view and high resolution of Kinect V2 allowed rapid capture of the full 3D environment in front of the robot. The location and size of each plant were estimated by k-means clustering where “k ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Graduated Stress Exposure In Virtual Spaceflight Hazard Training, Tor T. Finseth, Nir Keren, Michael C. Dorneich, Warren D. Franke, Clayton C. Anderson, Mack C. Shelley II 2018 Iowa State University

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Graduated Stress Exposure In Virtual Spaceflight Hazard Training, Tor T. Finseth, Nir Keren, Michael C. Dorneich, Warren D. Franke, Clayton C. Anderson, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Psychological and physiological stress experienced by astronauts can pose risks to mission success. In clinical settings, gradually increasing stressors help patients develop resilience. It is unclear whether graduated stress exposure can affect responses to acute stressors during spaceflight. This study evaluated psychophysiological responses to potentially catastrophic spaceflight operation, with and without graduated stress exposure, using a virtual reality environment. Twenty healthy participants were tasked with locating a fire on a virtual International Space Station (VR-ISS). After orientation, the treatment group (n = 10) practiced searching for a fire while exposed to a low-level stressor (light smoke), while the control group (n ...


Five Lenses On Team Tutor Challenges: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Jamiahus Walton, Eliot Winer 2018 Iowa State University

Five Lenses On Team Tutor Challenges: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Jamiahus Walton, Eliot Winer

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This chapter describes five disciplinary domains of research or lenses that contribute to the design of a team tutor. We focus on four significant challenges in developing Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems (ITTSs), and explore how the five lenses can offer guidance for these challenges. The four challenges arise in the design of team member interactions, performance metrics and skill development, feedback, and tutor authoring. The five lenses or research domains that we apply to these four challenges are Tutor Engineering, Learning Sciences, Science of Teams, Data Analyst, and Human–Computer Interaction. This matrix of applications from each perspective offers a ...


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