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Shoulder Muscular Fatigue From Static Posture Concurrently Reduces Cognitive Attentional Resources, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Alec G. Ostrander, Hamid Norasi, Michael C. Dorneich 2019 Iowa State University

Shoulder Muscular Fatigue From Static Posture Concurrently Reduces Cognitive Attentional Resources, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Alec G. Ostrander, Hamid Norasi, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Objective: The goal of this work is to determine whether muscular fatigue concurrently reduces cognitive attentional resources in technical tasks for healthy adults.

Background: Muscular fatigue is common in the workplace but often dissociated with cognitive performance. A corpus of literature demonstrates a link between muscular fatigue and cognitive function, but few investigations demonstrate that the instigation of the former degrades the latter in a way that may affect technical task completion. For example, laparoscopic surgery increases muscular fatigue, which may risk attentional capacity reduction and undermine surgical outcomes.

Method: A total of 26 healthy participants completed a dual-task cognitive ...


Human Powered Vehicle Trainer, Nicholas Hung Nguyen, Gregory Reece Bridges, Jacinta Garcia, Mitchell Sidney Smith 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Human Powered Vehicle Trainer, Nicholas Hung Nguyen, Gregory Reece Bridges, Jacinta Garcia, Mitchell Sidney Smith

Mechanical Engineering

This Final Design Review (FDR) document describes the final design and completed prototype of a Mechanical Engineering senior project team at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. The project goal is to create an adjustable human powered vehicle training bike for George Leone that allows a rider to gain confidence with the unique reclined bike geometry ahead of the World Human Powered Speed Challenge at Battle Mountain, Nevada. This document outlines the customer’s needs and technical research performed which together determine the project’s scope and engineering specifications. Next, we present the initial idea generation process and its ...


Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia MacAllister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies 2019 Iowa State University

Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies

Anastacia MacAllister

Increased product complexity and the focus on zero defects, especially when manufacturing complex engineered products, means new tools are required for helping workers conduct challenging assembly tasks. Augmented reality (AR) has shown considerable promise in delivering work instructions over traditional methods. Many proof-of-concept systems have demonstrated the feasibility of AR but little work has been devoted to understanding how users perceive different AR work instruction interface elements. This paper presents a between-subjects study looking at how interface elements for object depth placement in a scene impact a user’s ability to quickly and accurately assemble a mock aircraft wing in ...


Evaluating The Value Of Dynamic Terrain Simulation On Training Quality, Stephen B. Gilbert, Nir Keren, Eliot H. Winer, Warren D. Franke, Kevin Godby, Anastacia MacAllister, Chloe McPherson, Julio de la Cruz 2019 Iowa State University

Evaluating The Value Of Dynamic Terrain Simulation On Training Quality, Stephen B. Gilbert, Nir Keren, Eliot H. Winer, Warren D. Franke, Kevin Godby, Anastacia Macallister, Chloe Mcpherson, Julio De La Cruz

Anastacia MacAllister

Warfighters perform a variety of civilian duties, such as construction. For example, in Iraq, from 2004-2011, the US Army carried out over 5,000 construction projects. Training warfighters on heavy construction equipment is a timeconsuming task that contrasts with shrinking military budgets. Simulation-based training offers improved training for fewer resources. Simulators can decrease time to task proficiency by up to 90%.

Identifying the pertinent features needed for a construction equipment trainer is challenging. For example, a critical skill is identifying different soil types. Lifting too much soil can damage equipment while not taking enough can cause significant delays. An experimental ...


Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia MacAllister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies 2019 Iowa State University

Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies

Stephen B. Gilbert

Increased product complexity and the focus on zero defects, especially when manufacturing complex engineered products, means new tools are required for helping workers conduct challenging assembly tasks. Augmented reality (AR) has shown considerable promise in delivering work instructions over traditional methods. Many proof-of-concept systems have demonstrated the feasibility of AR but little work has been devoted to understanding how users perceive different AR work instruction interface elements. This paper presents a between-subjects study looking at how interface elements for object depth placement in a scene impact a user’s ability to quickly and accurately assemble a mock aircraft wing in ...


A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall 2019 Iowa State University, Yarmouk University

A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Since affordances provided by packaging features play a major role in facilitating user packaging interaction, it is important to integrate the concept of affordances into the packaging design process and to understand the interrelationships between packaging features and affordances. A framework is proposed for linking user requirements to packaging design features utilizing the concept of affordances. The framework is accomplished in two main steps; first, determine the affordances required to facilitate performing packaging-related tasks, and second, link these affordances to packaging features. Previous packaging usability studies were reviewed to elicit requirements in terms of affordance properties such as intuitiveness, responsiveness ...


Effects Of Light Illumination On Ocular Responses And Visual Comfort, Shun-nan Yang, Manho Jang, Jim Sheedy, Yeokyung Seo 2019 Pacific University

Effects Of Light Illumination On Ocular Responses And Visual Comfort, Shun-Nan Yang, Manho Jang, Jim Sheedy, Yeokyung Seo

VPI Research

Background: Artificial light sources such as Light-emitting Diode (LED) emit more intensive blue light (460 to 490 nm) and are with a wavelength distribution deviating from the peak wavelength of 550 nm in natural sun light. The present study examined how cold and warm LED lamps with high- and low-blue light emission differently affected objective ocular responses and subjective viewing symptoms. Methods: 34 adults with normal or correct-to-normal vision read printed continuous text with one of three lamps (LED 4000 K, LED 6500 K and OLED 4000 K) generating 50 and 110 Nits for 60 mins respectively while their pupil ...


Development Of A Task Analysis Tool To Estimate Shoulder Strain During A Lifting Task, Christopher Wayne Moore 2019 West Virginia University

Development Of A Task Analysis Tool To Estimate Shoulder Strain During A Lifting Task, Christopher Wayne Moore

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Musculoskeletal disorders of the shoulder have a huge impact on the workplace and employees. Due to the complexity and high mobility of the shoulder, developing a task analysis tool with a focus on the shoulder is difficult, and while there are some ergonomic analysis tools that do consider the shoulder to varying degrees in the analysis, none focus purely on the shoulder. Therefore, this research was undertaken in an attempt to develop a shoulder-based task analysis tool for the shoulder. However, since the scope of work involving the shoulder is so vast, the tool in this research focuses on unobstructed ...


Smart Disease Prevention App: Informing The Public In Their Own Geographic Location, Apoorva Sulakhe, Shafali Rana, Zoe Disori, William Nogay, Kyle Plummer, Meredith Shannon, Morgan Young, Alyssa Zielinski, Vincent G. Duffy 2018 Purdue University

Smart Disease Prevention App: Informing The Public In Their Own Geographic Location, Apoorva Sulakhe, Shafali Rana, Zoe Disori, William Nogay, Kyle Plummer, Meredith Shannon, Morgan Young, Alyssa Zielinski, Vincent G. Duffy

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Apoorva Sulakhe and Shefali Rana are graduate students in the School of Industrial Engineering at Purdue. They have both been teaching assistants under their coauthor, Dr. Vincent Duffy, while supervising multiple projects. Coauthors Zoe Disori, William Nogay, Kyle Plummer, Meredith Shannon, Morgan Young, and Alyssa Zielinski are listed in alphabetical order. They were all seniors in School of Industrial Engineering at the time of this project in 2017. The purpose of their study, described in this article, was to develop an application to provide users with accurate information about diseases spreading in their geographic locations.


Identifying Criteria To Predict Army Rifle Marksmanship Proficiency, Katlin Makina Anglin 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Identifying Criteria To Predict Army Rifle Marksmanship Proficiency, Katlin Makina Anglin

Dissertations and Theses

The United States Army requires each Soldier to develop marksmanship proficiency in an effort to achieve combat readiness. Soldiers currently develop marksmanship proficiency through Basic Rifle Marksmanship (BRM) training, but significant skill deficiencies are apparent at the end of training. These skill deficiencies remain throughout training because instructors rarely assess Soldiers objectively before the final qualification, reducing the opportunity for instructors to diagnose skill deficiencies until it is too late. Therefore, the goal of the current research is to identify individual differences and sensor-based performance measures for inclusion in a formative assessment during BRM training. The results of the current ...


Ranking Importance Of Exoskeleton Design Aspects, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone 2018 Iowa State University

Ranking Importance Of Exoskeleton Design Aspects, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The objective of this research project was to determine what a conglomerate of professionals consider as the most important metrics to consider when designing an exoskeleton for training. Over 400 researchers, engineers, and scientists were polled in a ranked order survey covering more than 50 different aspects in engineering design. These aspects were identified from a cogent literature review for consideration. While there are a slew of papers covering the results of exoskeleton designs as posture support mechanisms, rehabilitation mechanisms, tools to assist or replace body functions, and human performance augmentation, few cover what aspects were considered in the engineering ...


An Analysis Of Video Games Using The Dimensions Of Human-Agent Interaction, Güliz Tokadli, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Chase Meusel, Austin Garcia, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich 2018 Iowa State University

An Analysis Of Video Games Using The Dimensions Of Human-Agent Interaction, Güliz Tokadli, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Chase Meusel, Austin Garcia, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Designers of human-agent interaction techniques may benefit from an analysis of existing video games that include aspects of human-agent teaming. Many popular multi-player video games have been designed to integrate multiple human and computer agents in pursuit of a common objective and can serve as a testbed to explore novel interaction methods in human-agent teams. A guiding framework of human-agent interaction was created to bridge best practices between video game and real-world domains. The framework was used to analyze games on five main dimensions: 1) Levels of Automation, 2) Levels of Interaction, 3) Control Mode, 4) Teaming, and 5) Interaction ...


Vastus And Patellar Protection With Range Of Motion Pad – Advanced Personal Protective Equipment For The Lower Body, Richard T. Stone, Brandon Moeller, Thomas M. Schnieders, Ahmad Mumani 2018 Iowa State University

Vastus And Patellar Protection With Range Of Motion Pad – Advanced Personal Protective Equipment For The Lower Body, Richard T. Stone, Brandon Moeller, Thomas M. Schnieders, Ahmad Mumani

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The standard knee pad is considered the most ineffective personal protective equipment in the American football player’s uniform. This study quantitatively and qualitatively assesses personal protective equipment for the lower body for U.S. football players against the VAPPR Pad (Vastus And Patellar Protection with Range of motion), the next iteration of lower body protection. The study consisted of player surveys, material drop testing, and Performance Drill testing including broad-jump, L-drill, pro-agility, and gait analysis with 138 participants in the initial survey and 25 men in the physical testing. Results of the Performance Drill Testing proved that unpadded players ...


Feedback Design Considerations For Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems, Jamiahus Walton, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer, Anne Sinatra 2018 Iowa State University

Feedback Design Considerations For Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems, Jamiahus Walton, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer, Anne Sinatra

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Challenges arise when developing a computer-based Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) that attempts to deliver feedback to teams as effectively as a human tutor. The purpose of this current work is to outline elements of feedback that should be considered when designing feedback for an ITTS. The authors present the results of a study that consisted of 32 participants grouped into 16 teams of two. Each team conducted a surveillance task where they received individual or team feedback. Feedback content was written using either the bald (direct feedback; no need for interpretation) or off-record (general feedback; interpretation needed) etiquette strategy ...


Stress Inducing Demands In Virtual Environments, Tor Finseth, Neil Barnett, Elizabeth Shirtcliff, Michael C. Dorneich, Nir Keren 2018 Iowa State University

Stress Inducing Demands In Virtual Environments, Tor Finseth, Neil Barnett, Elizabeth Shirtcliff, Michael C. Dorneich, Nir Keren

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This study investigated how simulated features in a virtual reality (VR) induce stress by means of user-focused demands in serious games. VR serious games have been used for therapeutic interventions, standardized stress tests, and occupational training. However, it is an open question how stress can be induced using serious games formal features, such as tasks/sensory modalities, music, pace of the game, and graphics. The Highrise VR standardized stress simulation was built to induce stress cohesively based on emotional, social, cognitive, and physical demands. The simulation induces stress by requiring coping with emotional demand (innate fear) of being at a ...


The Wearer, The Device, And Its Use: Advances In Understanding The Social Acceptability Of Wearables, Norene Kelly, Stephen B. Gilbert 2018 UEGroup

The Wearer, The Device, And Its Use: Advances In Understanding The Social Acceptability Of Wearables, Norene Kelly, Stephen B. Gilbert

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The WEAR Scale was used to collect data on the social acceptability of three wearable devices from 1,387 participants from the US Midwest and Silicon Valley. The most notable result was that a head-worn “medical device” was rated as more socially acceptable (d=0.78) than the same device described as a “brain fitness tool,” which was the opposite of what was hypothesized. Also, as hypothesized, Silicon Valley participants found the wearables more socially acceptable than Midwestern U.S. participants. The Scale and these results enable industry to better predict the human factors affecting social acceptability of wearables throughout ...


Ergonomic Analysis Of Modern Day Kitchen Knives, Richard T. Stone, Olivia Janusz, Thomas M. Schnieders 2018 Iowa State University

Ergonomic Analysis Of Modern Day Kitchen Knives, Richard T. Stone, Olivia Janusz, Thomas M. Schnieders

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The focus of this study was on how different knife characteristics affect the consumer’s ability to slice vegetables. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is a difference in cutting between a chef knife and a santoku knife, a ceramic knife and a stainless-steel knife, and a sharp and dull knife in terms of muscle activation, body part discomfort, time, and slice performance. The results show for the consumer that knife characteristics do not affect the user’s performance.


Effects Of Lighting And Noise On Performance And Situation Awareness In An Air Traffic Control Task, Saralee Pruksaritanon, Andrew Dattel Ph.D., Steven Hampton Ed.D. 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Effects Of Lighting And Noise On Performance And Situation Awareness In An Air Traffic Control Task, Saralee Pruksaritanon, Andrew Dattel Ph.D., Steven Hampton Ed.D.

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Work environment influences an individual’s performance and situation awareness (SA). This study aims to investigate the effects of lighting and noise levels on performance and situation awareness in an air traffic control (ATC) task. These two variables are important in the domain of ATC because the task requires an individual to receive and process information both visually and auditorily. The results are useful for designing air traffic control rooms, which are set differently among different air navigation service providers. The subjects are 16 students majoring in Air Traffic Management (ATM) at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) – Daytona Beach, FL. The ...


Modeling Expertise And Adaptability In Virtual Operator Models, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward 2018 Iowa State University

Modeling Expertise And Adaptability In Virtual Operator Models, Yu Du, Michael C. Dorneich, Brian L. Steward

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

To advance construction machine design and testing, model-based design and virtual operator models (VOMs) can be used to explore machine designs virtually. However, current VOM efforts have been restricted to mimicking known trajectories, recorded from actual machine operations. Previous work developed a VOM to use in closed-loop simulation with an excavator model. To advance the utility of model-based machine testing, the fidelity of the VOM was enhanced along three lines: 1) representation of expert work cycle operation, 2) adaptation to changes in work site environment and 3) adaptation to changes when operating different machines. To represent expertise, work cycle task ...


Evaluating Human–Automation Etiquette Strategies To Mitigate User Frustration And Improve Learning In Affect-Aware Tutoring, Euijung Yang, Michael C. Dorneich 2018 Iowa State University

Evaluating Human–Automation Etiquette Strategies To Mitigate User Frustration And Improve Learning In Affect-Aware Tutoring, Euijung Yang, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Human–automation etiquette applies human–human etiquette conventions to human–computer interaction (HCI). The research described in this paper investigates how to mitigate user frustration and support student learning through changes in the style in which a computer tutor interacts with a learner. Frustration can significantly impact the quality of learning in tutoring. This study examined an approach to mitigate frustration through the use of different etiquette strategies to change the amount of imposition feedback placed on the learner. An experiment was conducted to explore how varying the interaction style of system feedback impacted aspects of the learning process. System ...


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