Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Operational Research Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,486 Full-Text Articles 1,866 Authors 663,954 Downloads 94 Institutions

All Articles in Operational Research

Faceted Search

1,486 full-text articles. Page 1 of 55.

Optimizing Incentives For Systems With Heterogeneous Agents, Chen Chen 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Optimizing Incentives For Systems With Heterogeneous Agents, Chen Chen

Dissertations

This dissertation explores new models and applications based on the game theory of incentives. This exploration starts with controlling an invasive insect problem to address one of the most significant challenges facing our forests, the invasion of the Emerald ash borer (EAB), a non-native, wood-boring insect that threatens to kill most ash trees in North America, through designing two new cost-sharing programs between the landowners and local governments. Ash trees are one of North America’s most widely distributed tree genera and a vital part of the green infrastructure of cities, where they provide residents with numerous social, economic, and ...


Developing Novel Optimization And Machine Learning Frameworks To Improve And Assess The Safety Of Workplaces, Amin Aghalari 2022 Mississippi State University

Developing Novel Optimization And Machine Learning Frameworks To Improve And Assess The Safety Of Workplaces, Amin Aghalari

Theses and Dissertations

This study proposes several decision-making tools utilizing optimization and machine learning frameworks to assess and improve the safety of the workplaces. The first chapter of this study presents a novel mathematical model to optimally locate a set of detectors to minimize the expected number of casualties in a given threat area. The problem is formulated as a nonlinear binary integer programming model and then solved as a linearized branch-and-bound algorithm. Several sensitivity analyses illustrate the model's robustness and draw key managerial insights. One of the prevailing threats in the last decades, Active Shooting (AS) violence, poses a serious threat ...


Optimizing Strategic Planning With Long-Term Sequential Decision Making Under Uncertainty: A Decomposition Approach, Zeyu Liu 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Optimizing Strategic Planning With Long-Term Sequential Decision Making Under Uncertainty: A Decomposition Approach, Zeyu Liu

Doctoral Dissertations

The operations research literature has seen decision-making methods at both strategic and operational levels, where high-level strategic plans are first devised, followed by long-term policies that guide future day-to-day operations under uncertainties. Current literature studies such problems on a case-by-case basis, without a unified approach. In this study, we investigate the joint optimization of strategic and operational decisions from a methodological perspective, by proposing a generic two-stage long-term strategic stochastic decision-making (LSSD) framework, in which the first stage models strategic decisions with linear programming (LP), and the second stage models operational decisions with Markov decision processes (MDP). The joint optimization ...


Dynamic Dilemma Zone Protection System: A Smart Machine Learning Based Approach To Countermeasure Drivers's Yellow Light Dilemma, Md Maynur Rahman 2022 University of South Alabama

Dynamic Dilemma Zone Protection System: A Smart Machine Learning Based Approach To Countermeasure Drivers's Yellow Light Dilemma, Md Maynur Rahman

Theses and Dissertations

Drivers’ indecisions within the dilemma zone (DZ) during the yellow interval is a major safety concern of a roadway network. The present study develops a systematic framework of a machine learning (ML) based dynamic dilemma zone protection (DZP) system to protect drivers from potential intersection crashes due to such indecisions. For this, the present study first develops effective methods of quantifying DZ using important site-specific characteristics of signalized intersections. By this method, high-risk intersections in terms of DZ crashes could be identified using readily available intersection site-specific characteristics. Afterward, the present study develops an innovative framework for predicting driver behavior ...


Park Equity Modeling: A Case Study Of Asheville, North Carolina, Anisa Young 2022 Clemson University

Park Equity Modeling: A Case Study Of Asheville, North Carolina, Anisa Young

All Theses

Parks and greenspaces are publicly available entities that serve the vital purpose of promoting multiple aspects of human welfare. Unfortunately, the existence of park disparities is commonplace within the park setting. Specifically, marginalized individuals encounter limited park access, insufficient amenity provision, and poor maintenance. To remedy these disparities, we propose a process in which we select candidate park facilities and utilize facility location models to determine the optimal primary parks from both existing and candidate sites.

We note that platforms currently exist to identify the geographical areas where residents lack sufficient access to parks. However, these platforms do not yet ...


Optimal Global Supply Chain And Warehouse Planning Under Uncertainty, Avnish Kishor Malde 2022 Clemson University

Optimal Global Supply Chain And Warehouse Planning Under Uncertainty, Avnish Kishor Malde

All Dissertations

A manufacturing company's inbound supply chain consists of various processes such as procurement, consolidation, and warehousing. Each of these processes is the focus of a different chapter in this dissertation.

The manufacturer depends on its suppliers to provide the raw materials and parts required to manufacture a finished product. These suppliers can be located locally or overseas with respect to the manufacturer's geographic location. The ordering and transportation lead times are shorter if the supplier is located locally. Just In Time (JIT) or Just In Sequence (JIS) inventory management methods could be practiced by the manufacturer to procure ...


Adaptive Design And Flexible Approval Of Clinical Trials, Saeid Delshad Sisi 2022 Clemson University

Adaptive Design And Flexible Approval Of Clinical Trials, Saeid Delshad Sisi

All Dissertations

Dose-finding clinical trials are among the most critical cornerstones of the healthcare system. In this broad research area, there are many decision making problems that are extremely challenging to address. However, a small improvement may result in significant benefits to the society. Dose-finding clinical trials are extremely expensive and require multiple time-consuming and complicated R&D phases. Despite all the costs and the long time these trials need to conclude (on average over ten years for each new drug/technology), only less than 15\% of these trials successfully end up in a new approved drug entering the market. This problem ...


Implementation Of Lean And Six Sigma Methodologies To Improve The Operations And Efficiencies Of An Inpatient Pharmacy, Brian Ricks 2022 Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine

Implementation Of Lean And Six Sigma Methodologies To Improve The Operations And Efficiencies Of An Inpatient Pharmacy, Brian Ricks

Medical Engineering Theses

Reducing overhead costs and eliminating process waste are important aspects of any successful organization. Hospital processes are frequently interconnected, with many exchanges of both materials and information between departments. The Inpatient Pharmacy, a key component of any hospital, has hundreds of interactions between departments on any given day, and many processes see the pharmacy acting as producers, consumers, and transporters of goods throughout the hospital. Such a varied role provides broad opportunities for process improvement. Within the broader manufacturing world, the philosophies of Lean and Six Sigma have helped many companies increase their process efficiencies, reduce costs, and increase quality ...


Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Machine Learning Techniques, Nermin Samy Elhusseny, shimaa mohamed ouf, Amira M. Idrees AMI 2022 BIS Helwan University

Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Machine Learning Techniques, Nermin Samy Elhusseny, Shimaa Mohamed Ouf, Amira M. Idrees Ami

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

This is a systematic literature review to reflect the previous studies that dealt with credit card fraud detection and highlight the different machine learning techniques to deal with this problem. Credit cards are now widely utilized daily. The globe has just begun to shift toward financial inclusion, with marginalized people being introduced to the financial sector. As a result of the high volume of e-commerce, there has been a significant increase in credit card fraud. One of the most important parts of today's banking sector is fraud detection. Fraud is one of the most serious concerns in terms of ...


The Intersection Of Robotic Process Automation And Lean Six Sigma Applied To Unstructured Data, Emily McIntosh 2022 Southern Methodist University

The Intersection Of Robotic Process Automation And Lean Six Sigma Applied To Unstructured Data, Emily Mcintosh

Operations Research and Engineering Management Theses and Dissertations

While new Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies gain traction in the workplace, there seems to be more buzz around these newer advances, including Robotic Process Automation (RPA), than more established process improvement techniques such as Lean Six Sigma. This praxis research uses Lean Six Sigma as a framework for effectively deploying these emerging technologies, a challenge for 86% of companies (Ernst & Young, 2021). This research is applied to one of the legal industry’s most resource intensive processes – eDiscovery in the environment of a Big 4 accounting firm that provides services to corporations and legal professionals alike.

Electronic discovery (also known ...


Optimization Methods For Day Ahead Unit Commitment, Jonathan David Schrock 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Optimization Methods For Day Ahead Unit Commitment, Jonathan David Schrock

Doctoral Dissertations

This work examines a variety of optimization techniques to better solve the day ahead unit commitment problem. The first method looks at the impact of almost identical generators on the problem and how to exploit that fact for computational gain. The second work seeks to improve the fidelity of the problem by better modeling the impact of pumped storage hydropower. Lastly, the relationship between the length of the planning horizon and the quality of the solutions is investigated.


Finding Core Members Of A Hedonic Game, Daniele M. Vernon-Bido 2022 Old Dominion University

Finding Core Members Of A Hedonic Game, Daniele M. Vernon-Bido

Computational Modeling & Simulation Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Agent-based modeling (ABM) is a frequently used paradigm for social simulation; however, there is little evidence of its use in strategic coalition formations. There are few models that explore coalition formation and even fewer that validate their results against an expected outcome. Cooperative game theory is often used to study strategic coalition formation but solving games involving a significant number of agents is computationally intractable. However, there is a natural linkage between ABM and the study of strategic coalition formation. A foundational feature of ABM is the interaction of agents and their environment. Coalition formation is primarily the result of ...


Complex System Governance Leadership, David C. Walters 2022 Old Dominion University

Complex System Governance Leadership, David C. Walters

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop a systems theory-based framework for leadership in governance of complex systems. Recognizing complexity and uncertainty as norms for the environments in which organizations exist encouraged researchers to suggest complexity theory, complex systems, and complex adaptive systems as appropriate for addressing these conditions. Complex System Governance (CSG), based in systems theory, management cybernetics, and governance, endeavors to provide for the design, execution and evolution of functions that provide control, communication, coordination, and integration at the metasystem level to support operations and continued system existence (viability). From a management cybernetics perspective, CSG leadership has ...


The Impact Of Reliability In Conceptual Design - An Integrated Trade-Off Analysis, Tevari James Barker 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Impact Of Reliability In Conceptual Design - An Integrated Trade-Off Analysis, Tevari James Barker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research presented in this paper focuses on developing models to estimate the systemreliability of Unmanned Ground Vehicles using knowledge and data from similar systems. Traditional reliability approaches often require detailed knowledge of a system and are used in later design stages as well as development, operational test and evaluation, and operations. The critical role of reliability and its impact on acquisition program performance, cost, and schedule motivate the need for improved system reliability models in the early design stages. Reliability is often a stand-alone requirement and not fully included in performance and life cycle cost models. This research seeks to ...


Analyzing Vulnerabilities In The Northwest Arkansas Highway Network Using Mathematical Optimization, Brandon Jerome 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Analyzing Vulnerabilities In The Northwest Arkansas Highway Network Using Mathematical Optimization, Brandon Jerome

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The highway and bridge network is a critical infrastructure that allows for the free transportation of citizens and enables truck-borne freight transportation. Disruption of this system could be caused by a terrorist attack, natural disaster, growth of population, required repairs and upgrades, or collapse caused by old age or malfunction. In the event of a disruption cities and regions can experience increased traffic and supply chain shortages, thus causing cascading effects throughout surrounding areas. With this motivation, we develop a network interdiction optimization model to identify a limited subset of roads that, if disrupted, causes the greatest increase in the ...


Predicting The Likelihood And Scale Of Wildfires In California Using Meteorological And Vegetation Data, Matthew Walters 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Predicting The Likelihood And Scale Of Wildfires In California Using Meteorological And Vegetation Data, Matthew Walters

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wildfires have devastating ecological, environmental, economical, and public health impacts through the deterioration of water and air quality, CO2 emissions, property damage, and lung illnesses. The early detection and prevention of wildfires allow for the minimization of these risks. The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in wildfire detection and prediction has been highly researched as a tool to assist firefighters in stopping wildfires in its early stages. The three common wildfire prediction categories include image and video detection, behavior prediction, and susceptibility prediction. Data such as climate, weather, vegetation, satellite images, and historical wildfire data is most commonly used. Many ...


Comparing Actively Managed Mutual Fund Categories To Index Funds Using Linear Regression Forecasting And Portfolio Optimization, Luke Weiner 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Comparing Actively Managed Mutual Fund Categories To Index Funds Using Linear Regression Forecasting And Portfolio Optimization, Luke Weiner

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The global investment industry offers a wide variety of investment products especially for individual investors. One such product, index funds, which are younger than actively managed mutual funds, have typically outperformed managed funds. Despite this phenomenon, investors have displayed a tendency to continue investing in actively managed funds. Although only a small percentage of actively managed funds outperform index funds, the costs of actively managed funds are significantly higher. Also, managed fund performances are most often determined by their fund category such as growth or real estate. I wanted to answer the following question for individual investors: can we forecast ...


Forecasting Hypotension By Learning From Multivariate Mixed Responses.., Jodie Ritter 2022 University of Louisville

Forecasting Hypotension By Learning From Multivariate Mixed Responses.., Jodie Ritter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Blood Pressure is the main determinant of blood flow to organs. Hypotension is defined as a systolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure less than 50 mmHg. The severity and duration of hypotension is associated with low blood flow to organs often result in organ damage and a high mortality rate. Predicting hypotension prior to surgery and during the surgery can reduce the incidence and duration resulting in better patient outcomes. This thesis uses preoperative bloodwork and vital signs as well as perioperative vital signs in 5-minute increments as inputs to forecast hypotension. Hypotension can ...


Selected Interdiction Games With Uncertain, Risk-Averse, And Simultaneous Play Considerations, Di H. Nguyen 2022 Clemson University

Selected Interdiction Games With Uncertain, Risk-Averse, And Simultaneous Play Considerations, Di H. Nguyen

All Dissertations

This dissertation examines two network interdiction problems: a shortest-path interdiction problem under uncertainty and a network interdiction problem in a simultaneous game. Both problems happen in two stages over a directed network, and involve a leader and a follower who have opposing interests.

In the first problem, the leader acts first to lengthen a subset of arcs, and a follower acts second to select a shortest path across the network. The cost for a follower’s arc consists of a base cost if the arc is not interdicted, plus an additional cost that is incurred if the arc is interdicted ...


A Study Of Scheduling Problems With Sequence Dependent Restrictions And Preferences, Nitin Srinath 2022 Clemson University

A Study Of Scheduling Problems With Sequence Dependent Restrictions And Preferences, Nitin Srinath

All Dissertations

In some applications like fabric dying, semiconductor wafer processing, and flexible manufacturing, the machines being used to process jobs must be set up and serviced frequently. These setup processes and associated setup times between jobs often depend on the jobs and the sequence in which jobs are placed onto machines. That is, the scheduling of jobs on machines must account for the sequence-dependent setup times as well. These setup times can be a major factor in operational costs. In fabric dyeing processes, the sequence in which jobs are processed is also important for quality, i.e., there is a strong ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress